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V\vV^S5  THE 

CATHOLIC  CHURCHES 


NEW  YOEK  CITY, 


SKETCHES    OF   THEIR    HISTORY   AND  LIVES    OF 
THE  PRESENT  PASTORS. 


WITH    AN    INTRODUCTION     ON   THE    EARLY  IHSTORY   OF   CATHOLICITY 

ON  THE   ISLAND,   AND  LIVES   OF  THE  MOST  REVEREND 

AUCUBISHOrS   iVND   BISHOPS. 


KDITED    BY 

JOHN   GILMARY   SHEA. 


PUBLISHED   WITH  TIIK  COMRIKNDATION  OF  HIS  EMINENCK 

JOHN  CARDINAL  McCLOSKEY. 


NEW  YORK: 
LAWRENCE    G.   GOULDING    &    CO., 

132,  134  AND  136  NASSAU  STREET. 

1878. 


Entered  according  to  Aet  of  Congress,  in  the  year  One  Thousand  Eight  Hundred 

and  Seventy-seven, 

By  LAWRENCE  G.   GOULDING  &  CO., 

In  the  Office  of  the  Librarian  of  Congress,  at  Washlmgton. 


KLECTUOTirED  AND   IRINTEI)  HY 

THE  NATIONAL  PRINTING   CO., 

16,  18,  20  AND  22  CHAMBRRS  STREET, 
NEW  YORK. 


TO    HIS    EMINENCE 

JOHN    CARDINAL   McCLOSKEY, 

ARCHBISHO*P    OF    NEW    YOKK, 

THESE    SKETCHES  OP    THE 

CATHOLIC  CHUKCHES  OF  NEW  YORK  CITY, 

ALL  BUtLT  ■\VITHIN  HIS  LIFKTIME, 

AND     IN     ALL    OF     WHICH,     A3    IN     ALL     THAT      PRECEDED     TIIEM, 

HE    HAS    KNELT    IN    YOUTH    OR    OFFICIATED    IN   MANHOOD,    AS 

PEIEST,  BISHOP,  AECHBISHOP, 

AND 

CARDINAL, 

AKE    RESPECTFULLY    DEDICATED. 


^-a 


PREFACE 


THE  work  liero  i)resented  to  the  pulillc  shows 
perhaps  more  strikingly  than  any  ordinary  con- 
ception woukl  pictnre  the  actual  position  of  the  Catholic 
body  in  New  York  City.  The  churches  which  are  the 
sanctuaries  of  more  than  half  the  i)0])ulation  of  the  great 
commerci.al  city  of  the  AYestern  World;  the  clmrches  which 
each  Sunday  are  crowded  by  fully  three-fourths  of  all 
church-goers  in  oiu-  metropolis ;  the  churches  where  four- 
fifths  of  all  who  enter  the  fold  of  Christ  by  baptism  re- 
ceive that  sacrament;  the  churches  whose  ministry  exer- 
cises a  moral  influence  over  a  vast  majority  of  the 
people — these  churches  are  traced  here  from  their  origin, 
described  by  pen  and  pencil,  and  the  jiastors  made  known 
to  whose  hands  the  si)iritual  care  is  confided.  The  paro- 
chial schools,  created  instinctively  by  these  chm-ches,  where 
by  the  self-sacrifice  of  this  one  denomination  a  perfect  army 
of  their  children  recei^•e  a  gratuitous  education,  and  whose 
numbers  the  public  schools,  with  the  wealth  of  a  State 
and  city  at  their  command,  can  barely  treble;  academies 
for   higher  and   the  highest   education   of   both   sexes;    three 


6  PREFACE. 

incorpoi'ated  colleges ;  hospitals ;  asylums  for  orphans,  the 
uncared  for  babe,  the  aged  and  forsaken;  homes  for  the 
neglected  and  shelterless;  communities  devoting  their  lives 
and  energy  to  Avorks  of  mercy — are  all  presented  here, 
briefly,  indeed,  for  justice  to  their  self-devotion  would  re- 
quire volumes. 

A  general  sketch  of  the  early  liistory  of  Catholicity  on 
this  island,  and  of  the  illustrious  prelates  whom  the  succes- 
sors of  St.  Peter  have  placed  in  the  See  of  New  York 
since  its  erection,  makes  the  picture  a  complete  one  to 
all  who  Avish  to  examine  and  see  the  progress  and  in- 
fluence   of  the    Catholic    Church    in  New    York    City. 

It  has  been  the  aini  of  the  jniblishers  to  make  this 
a  work  of  enduring  value  by  calling  to  their  aid  all  the 
finest  Avork  of  typography  and  art.  It  is  a  vohime  to 
be  a  monument  and  a  pride  in  every  Catholic  family, 
for  to  each  the  Chiux-h  and  its  clergy  have  associations 
that  endear  them,  and  blend  Avith  all  the"  joys  and  sorrows 
of  life,    their    sacrifices    here    and   their   hopes    hereafter. 

As  the  publishers  have  spared  no  outlay  in  collecting 
material,  or  on  the  literary  and  artistic  execution,  they 
copyright  the  work,  and  notify  all  that  no  unauthorized 
use  of  the  contents  in  violation  of  their  rights  Avill  be 
permitted. 


CONTENTS. 


PAGK 

INTRODUCTION 17 

THE  ARCHBISHOPS  AND  BISHOPS  OF  NEW  YORK   33 

Rt.  Rev.  Richard  Luke  Concanen,  of  the  Order  of  St.  Dommic,  First 

Bishop  of  New  York • 33 

Rt.  Eev.  John  Connolly,  of  the  Order  of  St.  Dominic,  Second  Bishop  of 

New  York 39 

Rt.  Rev.  John  Du  Bois,  D.D.,  Third  Bishop  of  New  York 44 

Most  Rev.  John  Hughes,  D.D.,  Fourth  Bishop  and  First  Archbishop  of 

New  York 49 

His  Eminence  John   Cardinal  McCloskey,  First  Bishop  of  Albany, 

Second  Archbishop  of  New  York,  Cardinal  Priest  of  the  Holy 

Roman  Church,  under  the  title  of  Sancta  Maria  Supra  Minervani.      59 

Pastoral  Letter  Dedicating  the    Churches   of   the   Pkotince 

OF  NE-flT  York  to  the  Sacred  Heart  of  Jesus 73 

THE   CATHOLIC   CHURCHES    OF  NEW  Y'ORK  CITY 81 

The  Cathedral  Church  of  St.  Patrick,  Mott  Street 81 

Very  Rev.  William  Quinn,  Rector  of  the  Cathedral,  Vicar  General  104' 

Roll  of  Honor 105 

Church  of  St.  Agnes,  East  Forty -third  Street 107 

Rev.  Harry  C.  Macdowall,  Pastor  of  St.  Agnes'  Church. 119 

Roll  of  Honor 121 

Church  of  St.  Alphonsus  Liguori,  South  Fifth  Avenue 123 

Rev.  Joseph  Wirth,  C.SS.R.,  Pastor  of  St.  Alphonsus'  Church. . .  131 

Roll  of  Honor 133 


viii  CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

St.  Andrew's  Church,  Duane  Street  and  City  Hall  Place 135 

Rev.  Jlidiael  Ciirran,  Pastor  of  St.  Andrew's  Church 143 

Iloll  of  Honor l-l" 

St.  Ann's  Church,  East  Twelfth  Street 149 

Very  Eev.  Thomas  S.  Preston,  Vicar  General  and  Chancellor, 

Pastor  of  St.  Ann's  Church 159 

Roll  of  Honor 163 

Clmrch  of  the  Annunciation,  131st  Street,  Manhattanville 165 

Rev.  Jeremiah  J.  Griffin,  Pastor  of  the  Cliurch  of  the  Annuncia- 
tion     175 

Church  of  St.  Anthony  of  Padua,  Sullivan  Street 178 

Rev.   Father  Anacletus  da  Roccagorga,  O.S.E.,   Pastor  of  the 

Church  of  St.  Anthony  of  Padua 185 

Roll  of  Honor 187 

Church  of  the  Assumption  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary 189 

Roll  of  Honor 192 

Rev.  Bernard  Anthony  Schwenniger,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the 
Assumption 193 

Church  of  St.  Augustine,  170th  Street,  Morrisania 195 

Rev.  John  J.  McNamee,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Augustine. .   201 
Roll  of  Honor 203 

Church  of  St.  Bernard,  West  Fourteenth  Street 205 

Eev.  Gabriel  A.  Healy,  Pastor  of  St.  Bernard'.s  Church 213 

Roll  of  Honor 215 

Church  of  St.  Boniface,  Second  Avenue  and  Forty-seventh  Street 217 

Rev.  Matthew  Nicot,  Pastor  of  St.  Boniface's  Church 221 

Roll  of  Honor 222 

Church  of  St.  Bridget,  Avenue  B 224 

Roll  of  Honor 231 

Rev.  Patrick  Francis  McSweeny,  D.D.,   Pastor  of  St.  Bridget's 
Church 233 

Church  of  St.  Cecilia,  East  105th  Street 236 

Roll  of  Honor 240 

Rev.  Hugh  Flattery,  Pastor  of  St.  Cecilia's  Church 241 

Church  of  St.  Columba,  West  Twenty-fifth  Street 244 

Roll  of  Honor 252 


CONTENTS.  ix 

PAGE 

Rev.  Michael  McAleer,  Pastor  of  St.  Columba's  Church 253 

Church  of  St.  Gyrillus  and  St.  Methodius  (Bohemian),   East  Fourth 

Street 257 

Rev.  A.  V.  Vacula,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Cj'rillus  and  St. 

Methodius 201 

Churches  of  St.  Elizabeth  and  St.  John,  Fort  Washington  and  Kings- 
bridge  264 

*      Roll  of  Honor , 270 

Rev.  Henry  A.  Brann,  D.D.,  Pastor  of   St.  Elizabeth's  and  St. 

John's 271 

Church  of  the  Epiphany  of  Our  Lord,  Second  Avenue 274 

Roll  of  Honor 282 

Rev,  Richard  Lalor  Burtsell,  D.D.,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the 

Epiphany 283 

Church  of  St.  Francis  of  Assisi,  West  Thirty-first  Street 286 

Rev.   Eugene   Dikovich,    O.S.F.,   Pastor   of  the   Church  of  St. 

Francis  of  Assisi 293 

Church  of  St.  Francis  Xavier,  West  Sixteenth  Street  296 

Roll  of  Honor 308 

Rev.  David  Merrick,  S.J.,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Francis 

Xavier 309 

Church  of  St.  Gabriel,  East  Thirty-seventh  Street 312 

Roll  of  Honor 321 

Rev.  William  H.  Clowry,  Pastor  of  St.  Gabriel's  Church 323 

Church  of  the  Holy  Cross,  West  Forty-second  Sti-eet 326 

Roll  of  Honor 333 

Rev.  Charles  McCready,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Holy  Cross.  335 

Church  of  the  Holy  Innocents,  West  Thirty-seventh  Street 338 

Roll  of  Honor 344 

Rev.  John  Larkin,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Holy  Innocents. . .  345 
Church   of   the   Holy   Name   of    Jesus,   Ninety-seventh    Street    and 

Broadway 349 

Rev.  James  M.  Galligan,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Holy  Name 

of  Jesus 353 

Church  of  the  Jlost  Holy  Rede<^mer,  Third  Street 356 

Rev.  Thaddeus  Anwander,  C.SS.R.,  Rector  of  the  Church  of  the 

Most  Holy  Redeemer 307 


X  CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

Church  of  the  Immaculate  Conception,  East  Fourteenth  Street 370 

Rev.  John  Edwards,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Immaculate 

Conception,  East  Fourteenth  Street   377 

Roll  of  Honor 379 

Church  of  the  Immaculate  Conception,  151st  Street,  Melrose 381 

Roll  of  Honor 385 

Rev.  Joseph  SLumpe,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Immaculate 

Conception,  Melrose ,    387 

Church  of  St.  James,  James  Street 390 

Roll  of  Honor 401 

Rev.  Felix  H.  Farrelly,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  James 403 

Church  of  St.  Jerome,  Alexander  Avenue  and  139th  Street 406 

Rev.  John  J.  Hughes,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Jerome 409 

Roll  of  Honor 410 

Church  of  St.  John  the  Baptist,  West  Thirtieth  Street 413 

Rev.  Bonaventura  Frey,  O.  Min.  Cap.,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of 

St.  John  the  Baptist 423 

Church  of  St.  John  the  Evangelist,  Fifteenth  Street 426 

Roll  of  Honor 43C 

Rev.  James   McMahon,  Pastor   of  the   Church  of  St.  John  the 

Evangelist 437 

Church  of  St.  Joseph,  Sixth  Avenue  and  West  Washington  Place ....   440 

Pioll  of  Honor 450 

Rev.  Thomas  Farrell,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Joseph 451 

Church  of  St.  Joseph  (German),  East  Eighty-seventh  Street,  York- 

ville 454 

Roll  of  Honor 458 

Rev.  Joseph  Durthaller,  S.  J.,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Joseph, 

Yorkville 459 

Church  of  St.  Joseph  (German),  125th  Street  and  Ninth  Avenue,  Man- 

hattanvillo 462 

Roll  of  Honor 464 

Rev.  Anthony    Kesseler,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Joseph, 

Manliattanville 405 

Church  of  St.  Joseph,  Washington  Avenue,  near  176th  Street,  Tre- 

mont 468 

Rev.  Nicholas  J.  S.Tonner,  Pastor  of  St.  Joseph's  Church,Tren}ont.  471 


CONTENTS.  ^ 

PAGE 

Church  of  St.  Lawrence  O'Toole,  Eighty-fourth  Street,  near  Fourth 

Avenue,  Yorkville 474 

Eev.  Father  John  A.  Treanor,  S.J.,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St. 

Lawrence  O'Toole 479 

Roll  of  Honor 4g2 

Church  of  St.  Mary,  Grand  Street 483 

Roll  of  Honor 503 

Rev.  Edward  J.  O'Reilly,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Mary  ....   505 

Church  of  St.  Mary  Magdalen,  East  Seventeenth  Street 509 

Rev.  Adam  Francis  Tonner,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Mary 

Magdalen    ^n 

Roll  of  Honor 522 

Church  of  St.  Michael,  West  Thirty-second  Street 515 

Roll  of  Honor 52i 

Rev.  Arthur  J.  Donnelly,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Michael ...   523 

Church  of  (he  Nativity  of  Our  Lord,  Second  Avenue 527 

Roll  of  Honor 532 

Rev.  William  Everett,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Nativity 533 

Church  of  St.  Nicholas,  Second  Street 53^ 

Roll  of  Honor 544 

Rev.  F.  J.  Shadier,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Nicholas 545 

Church  of  Our  Lady  of  Mercy,  Fordham 543 

Roll  of  Honor  550 

Rev.  John  Fitzpatrick,  S.J.,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  Our  Lady  of 

^^'"''^y 553 

Church  of  Our  Lady  of  the  Seven  Dolors  (Our  Lady  of  Sorrows),  Pitt 

Sfeet '....  556 

Roll  of  Henor f-nr^ 

Rev.  Father  Laurentius  Vorwerk,  O.  Min.  Cap.,  Superior  at  the 

Church  of  the  Seven  Dolors 5g2 

Church  of  St.  Paul,  East  117th  Street,  Harlem ' .'  554 

Rev.  Eugene  Maguire,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Paul,  Harlem.  569 

Roll  of  Honor ^r-i 

Church  of  St.  Paul  the  Apostle,  West  Fifty-ninth  Street,  near  Ninth 

Avenue ,._„ 

Rev.   Isaac  T.  Hecker,  Pastor   of  the  Church  of  St.  Paul  the 
Apostle 5^g 


xii  CONTENTS. 

PACE 

Roll  of  Honor  (Church  of  St.  Paul  the  Apostle) 583 

Church  of  St.  Peter,  Barclay  Street 586 

Rev.  Michael  J.  O'Farrell,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Peter  ...   621 
Roll  of  Honor 624 

Church  of  St.  Rose  of  Lima,  Cannon  Street C2C 

Rev.  Richard  Brennan,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Rose  of  Lima .   035 
Roll  of  Honor 037 

Church  of  the  Sacred  Heart  of  Jesus,  West  Fifty -first  Street 639 

Roll  of  Honor 042 

Rev.  Martin  J.  Brophy,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Sacred  Heart 
of  Jesus 643 

Church  of  the  Sacred  Heart  of  Jesus,  High  Bridge 645 

Roll  of  Honor 648 

Rev.  James  Augustine  Mullin,  Pastor  of    "the  Church  of  the 
Sacred  Heart  of  Jesus,  New  York  City." 649 

Church  of  St.  Stanislaus,  Stanton  Street 651 

Rev.  Francis  X.  Wayman,  Pastor  of  St.  Stanislaus'  Church 655 

Church  of  St.  Stephen,  Twenty -eighth  Street 658 

Roll  of  Honor 097 

Rev.  E.  McGlynn,  D.D.,  Pastor  of  St.  Stephen's  Church 671 

Church  of  St.  Teresa,  Rutgers  Street 673 

Roll  of  Honor 680 

Rev.  Michael  C.  O'Farrell,  Pastor  of  St.  Teresa's  Church 683 

Church  of  the  Transfaguration,  Mott  Street 687 

Rev.  James  H.  McGean,  Pastor  of  Transfiguration  Church 697 

Roll  of  Honor 699 

Church  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul,  West  Twenty-third  Street 702 

Rev.  Edmond  Aubril,  Pastor  of  St. Vincent  de  Paul's  Church,   ....   715 
Roll  of  Honor 716 

Church  of  St.  Vincent  Ferrer,  Lexington  Avenue 718 

Roll  of  Honor 722 

Rev.  Father  Joseph  H.  Slinger,  O.V.,  Pastor  of  St.  Vincent  Fer- 
rer's Church 723 

Church  of  Our  Lady  of  the  Holy  Rosary  (Mortuary  Chapel  of  Calvary 

Cemetery) 724 

INSTITUTIONS. 

St.  John's  College,  Fordham 728 


CONTENTS.  xiii 

PAGE 

College  of  St.  Francis  Xavicr 729 

Manhattan  College 730 

De  la  Salle  Institute 730 

Manhattan  Academy 731 

The  Sisters  of  Charity  (Mount  St.  Vincent's  Academy,  local  Acade- 
mies, Asylums,  Hospitals) 732 

Ladies  of  the  Sacred  Heart 737 

Academy  of  the  Sacred  Heart,  Manhattanville 739 

Academy  of  the  Sacred  Heart,  Seventeenth  Street 739 

The  Sisters  of  l^Iercy 740 

Sisters  of  the  Good  Shepherd 742 

The  Little  Sisters  of  the  Poor 744 

The  Sisters  Marianites  of  the  Holy  Cross 744 

Ursulines - '^'^^ 

The  Jlissionary  Sisters  of  the  Third  Order  of  St.  Francis 745 

The  Sisters  of  the  Poor  of  St.  Francis 746 

The  School  Sisters  of  Notre  Dame 746 

The  Sisters  of  the  Order  of  St.  Dominic 747 

St.  Michael's  Convent  of  the  Presentation  Nuns 747 

The  Sisters  of  Christian  Charity 747 

The  Mission  of  the  Immaculate  Virgin 748 

ILLUSTRATIONS. 
Portrait  of  his  Emmence  Cardinal  McCloskey,  frontispiece. 

St.  Patrick's  Cathedral,  Mott  Street,  destroyed  by  fire  October  6, 186G. .  78 

St.  Patrick's  Cathedral  Rebuilt 80 

Church  of  St.  Agnes,  East  Forty-third  Street 106 

Rev.  Harry  0.  Macdowall,  Pastor  of  St.  Agnes'  Church,  faces 119 

Church  of  St.  Alphonsus  Liguori,  South  Fifth  Avenue 122 

Church  of  St.  Andrew,  Duane  Street  and  City  Hall  Place 134 

Rev.  Michael  Curran,  Pastor  of  St.  Andrew's  Church,  faces 143 

Church  of  St.  Ann,  East  Twelfth  Street 148 

Very  Rev.  Thomas  S.  Preston,  V.G.,  Pastor  of  St.  Ann's  Church,  faces  159 

Church  of  the  Annunciation,  131st  Street 164 

Rev.  Jeremiah  J.  Griffin,  Pastor  of  the   Church   of  the  Annunciation, 

faces 175 

Church  of  St.  Anthony,  Sullivan  Street 177 

Rev.  Father  Anacletus  da  Roccagorga,  O.S.F.,  Pastor  of  St.  Anthony's 

Church,  faces 185 


xiv  CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

Church  of  the  Assumption,  West  Forty-ninth  Street 188 

Rev.  Bernard   Anthony    Schwenniger,   Pastor  of  the  Church   of  the 

Assumption,  faces 193 

Church  of  St.  Augustine,  170th  Street,  Morrisania 194 

Rev.  John  J.  j\IcNamee,  Pastor  of  St.  Augustine's  Church,  faces 201 

Church  of  St.  Bernard,  West  Fourteenth  Street 204 

Rev.  Gabriel  A.  Healy,  Pastor  of  St.  Bernard's  Church,  faces 213 

Church  of  St.  Boniface,  Second  Avenue  and  Forty-seventh  Street. .  . .   217 

Rev.  Matthew  Nicot,  Pastor  of  St.  Boniface's  Church,  faces 221 

Church  of  St.  Bridget,  Avenue  B 223 

Rev.  Patriclf  F.  McSweeny,  D.D.,  Pastor  of  St.  Bridget's  Church,  faces.  233 

Church  of  St.  Cecilia,  East  105th  Street 235 

Rev.  Hugh  Flattery,  Pastor  of  St.  Cecilia's  Church,  faces 241 

Church  of  St.  Columba,  West  Twenty-fifth  Street 243 

Rev.  Michael  McAleer,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Columba,  faces. . .   253 
Rev.  A.  V.  Vacula,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.   Cyrillns  and  St. 

Methodius,  faces 261 

Church  of  St.  Elizabeth,  West  137th  Street 263 

Rev.  Henry  A.  Brann,  Pastor  of  Elizabeth's  and  St.  John's,  faces  ....   271 

Church  of  the  Epiphany,  Second  Avenue 273 

Rev.  Eichard  Lalor  Burtsell,  D.D.,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Epi- 
phany, faces 283 

Church  of  St.  Francis  of  Assisi,  Thirty-first  Street,  between  Sixth  and 

Seventh  Avenues 286 

Eev.  Eugene  Dikovich,  O.S.F.,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Francis  of 

Assisi,  faces 293 

Church  of  St.  Francis  Xavier,  West  Sixteenth  Street 295 

Church  of  St.  Gabriel,  East  Thirty-seventh  Street 311 

Rev.  William  H.  Clowry,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Gabriel,  faces. . .   323 

Church  of  the  Holy  Cross,  West  Forty-second  Street 325 

Rev.  Charles  McCready,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Holy  Cross,  races  335 

Church  of  the  Holy  Innocents,  West  Thirty-seventh  Street 337 

Rev.  John  Larkin,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Holy  Innocents,  faces .   345 
Church  of  the  Holy  Name  of  Jesus,  Boulevard,  near  West  Ninety- 
seventh  Street 348 

Rev.  James  M.  Galligan,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Holy  Name,  faces  353 
Church  of  the  Most  Holy  Redeemer,  Third  Street 355 


CONTENTS.  XV 

PAGE 

ChurcU  of  the  IniiiuicuJate  Conception,  East  Eourtcenth  Street 369 

Rev.  John  Eilwards,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Inmiaculato  Concep- 
tion, faces ^77 

Church  of  the  Imnuiculato  Conception,  ISlst  Street 380 

Eev.  Joseph  Stunipe,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  tho  Iniinaculate  Concep- 
tion, Melrose,  faces 387 

Churcli  of  St.  James,  James  Street 389 

Eev.  Eelix  II.  Farrellj',  Pastor  of  St.  James'  Churcli,  faces 403 

Church  of  St.  Jerome,  137th  Street 405 

Eev.  John  J.  Hughes,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Jerome,  faces 409 

Church  of  St.  John  the  Baptist,  West  Thirtieth  Street 414 

Very  Rev.  Father  Bonaventura  Frey,   0.  Min.  Caji.,  Pastor  of  the 

Church  of  St.  John  the  Baptist,  faces ...  423 

Church  of  St.  John  the  Evangelist,  East  Fiftieth  Street 425 

Rev.  James  !McMahon,  Pastor  of  St.  John  the  Evangelist,  faces 437 

Church  of  St.  Joseph,  Sixth  Avenue 439 

Rev.  Thomas  Farrell,  Pastor  of  St.  Joseph's  Church,  faces 451 

Church  of  St.  Joseph  (German),  East  Eighty-seventh  Street 453 

Rev.  Joseph  Durthaler,  Pastor  of  St.  Joseph's  Church,  Ydrkville,  faces.  459 

Church  of  St.  Joseph  (German),  West  125th  Street 401 

Rev.  Anthony   Kesseler,  Pastor  of  St.  Joseph's   Church,   Manhattan- 

ville,  faces 405 

Church  of  St.  Joseph  (German),  Washington  Avenue,  near  17(ith  Street.  407 
Rev.  Nicholas  J.  S.  Tonner,  Pastor  of  St.  Joseph's  Church,  Treniont, 

faces 471 

Church  of  St.  Lawrence  O'Toole,  Eighty-fourth  Street 473 

Church  of  St.  Mary,  Grand  Street 482 

Rev.  Edward  J.  O'Reilly,  Pastor  of  St.  Mary's  Church,  faces 505 

Church  of  St.  Mary  Magdalen,  East  Seventeenth  Street 508 

Church  of  St.  Michael,  West  Thirty-second  Street 512 

Rev.  Arthur  J.  Donnelly,  Pastor  of  St.  Jlichael's  Church,  faces 523 

Church  of  the  Nativity  of  Our  Lord,  Second  Avenue 526 

Rev.  AVilliam  Everett,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  tho  Nativity,  faces 533 

Church  of  St.  Nicholas,  Second  Street 535 

Church  of  Our  Lady  of  Mercy,  Fordliani 547 

Church  of  Our  Lady  of  the  Seven  Dolors,  Pitt  Street 555 

Church  of  St.  Paul,  East  117th  Street. . .  .*   503 


xvi  CONTENTS. 


PAGE 


llev.  Eugene  Maguire,  Pastor  of  St.  Paul's  Church,  Harlem,  faces 5G9 

Church  of  St.  Paul  the  Apostle,  West  Fifty-ninth  Street 572 

Very  Eev.  Isaac  T.  Hecker,  Pastor  of  the   Church  of  St.  Paul  the 

Apostle,  faces 579 

Cliurch  of  St.  Peter,  Barclay  Street 585 

Rev.  Michael  J.  O'Parrell,  Pastor  of  St.  Peter's  Church,  faces (521 

Church  of  St.  Peter,  built  in  1786,  taken  down  in  1836 623 

Church  of  St.  Rose  of  Lima,  Cannon  Street 625 

Eev.  Richard  Brennan,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Rose  of  Lima,  faces.  635 

Church  of  the  Sacred  Heart  of  Jesus,  "West  Fifty-first  Street 638 

Rev.  Martin  J.  Brophy,  Pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Sacred  Heart  of 

Jesus,  faces 643 

Church  of  the  Sacred  Heart  of  Jesus,  High  Bridge 644 

Church  of  St.  Stanislaus,  Stanton  Street 650 

Rev.  Francis  X.  "Waynuui,  Pastor  of  St.  Stanislaus'  Cliurcli,  faces ....  655 

Church  of  St.  Stephen,  East  Twenty-eighth  Street 657 

Rev.  E.  McGlynn,  D.D.,  Pastor  of  St.  Stephen's  Church,  faces 671 

Church  of  St.  Teresa,  Rutgers  Street '. . .  673 

Rev.  Michael  C.  O'Farrell,  Pastor  of  St.  Teresa's  Church,  faces 683 

Church  of  the  Transfiguration,  Mott  Street 686 

Rev.  James  H.  McGean,  Pastor  of  Transfiguration  Church,  faces. . . .  697 

Church  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul,  West  Twenty -third  Street 701 

Rev.  Edmond  Aubril,  Pastor  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul's  Church,  faces . .  715 

Church  of  St.  Vincent  Ferrer,  Lexington  Avenue 717 

Convent  of  the  Sacred  Heart,  Manhattanville 738 


INTRODUCTION. 


THE  Catholic  Churches  in  New  York  City  comprise 
the  new  Catliedral  of  St.  Patrick,  the  noblest 
and  finest  temple  erected  to  the  worship  of  Almighty  God 
in  the  Western  world,  and  fifty-four  churches,  many  of 
them  elegant  and  spacious  structures,  elaborate  in  their 
adornment,  not  adapted  to  any  capricious  taste  of  the 
day,  but  ever-speaking  monuments  that  in  the  midst  of 
the  world  and  the  worldly  proclaim  that  all  is  vanity 
except  loving    God    and    serving    Him    alone. 

They  are  unmistakably  cluu-ches,  erected  for  divine 
worship  and  at  personal  sacrifice.  They  are  permanent, 
not  to  pass  after  a  few  years  to  ignoble  uses,  but  devoted 
for    all    time    to    their   holy   purpose. 

Nor   are    they   merely   for    the   gratification    of    a    fcAv 

rich  worshipers,  with  a  thin  congi-egation  scattered    tlu-ough 

a   vast   nave.     They    are    the    cliurches  of  full  one-half  the 

population     of     the     gi-eat    commercial     city     of    America, 

crowded   not    once    only,    biit    at    successive    services    every 
2 


18  INTRODUCTION. 

Sunday  and  holiday,  and  each  time  by  a  new  congrega- 
tion   come    to    adore    God   in   spirit    and   in    truth. 

They  have  been  built  mainly  by  the  contributions, 
freely  and  generously  given,  of  those  who  depended  on 
their  daily  exertions  in  some  department  of  honest  toil 
for  their  o^^n  support  and  advancement.  This  gives  even 
the  poorest  and  humblest  Catholic  a  personal  interest  in 
the  most  splendid  of  these  ecclesiastical  glories  of  our 
metropolis.  As  the  chm-cli  which  he  has  helped  to  rear, 
where  he  has  joined  in  the  holy  sacrifice,  been  fed  with 
the  Bread  of  Life,  where  he  has  perhaps  been  united  to 
the  truly  Clu-istian  wife  by  the  holy  ties  of  sacramental 
marriage,  where  his  children  have  been  enrolled  in  the 
chui'ch  by  baptism  —  as  all  tliis,  it  is  more  near  and  more 
dear  to  him  than  an  earthly  home.  He  looks  up  to  its 
Gotliic  arch  or  its  fretted  ceiling,  to  all  the  rich  tracery 
of  the  altar,  the  breathing  j)ictures,  the  vestments  and 
sacred  vessels  worthy  of  the  service  of  God,  and  feels 
that  they  are  his ;  and  that,  beautiful  as  they  may  be, 
they  are  but  a  faint  image  of  the  glorious  things  pre- 
pared for  him  hereafter,  if  he  is  but  faithful  to  the 
end. 

It  is  only  when  they  at  last  begin  to  fathom  what 
the  Chm-ch  is  to  the  Catholic,  that  those  separated  from 
us  can  begin  to  imderstand  wliy  we  are  so  ready  to 
make  any  sacrifice  to  rear  a  worthy  temple  to  the  Most 
High,     and    all    the    more    ready    as    om-    faith    is    pm-er, 


EARLY  HISTORY.  19 

deeper,  stronger ;  and  this  is  more  clearh'  seen  in  those 
who  have  not  been  led  iiway  by  that  insatiate  desire 
for  worldly  affluence  and  j^rosperitv  A\'hich  has  been  the 
bane    and    destruction    of  so    many. 

Every  Catholic  church  in  New  York  City  has  been 
erected  or  relmilt  within  the  last  fifty  years,  and  most 
of  them  within  the  last  two  decades.  How  great,  then, 
have  been  the  sacrifices !  for  the  church  never  stands 
alone.  There  is  scarce  a  parish  which  has  not  a  suit- 
able residence  for  the  clergy,  fine  parochial  schools,  and 
within  its  limits  an  asylum,  industrial  school,  academy, 
college  —  some  institution  for  the  ditfusiou  of  learning,  or 
the   relief  of  spiritual    and   temporal    wants. 

As  the  creations  of  some  monarch  with  the  revenues 
of  a  kingdom,  these  churches  Avould  in  the  pages  of 
history  have  given  perpetual  lustre  to  his  name ;  and  cer- 
tainly the  meed  of  praise  that  would  justly  be  bestowed 
on  one  man,  is  as  deservedly  due  to  the  Catholics  of  all 
races  and  lands  who,  gathered  here,  have  shown  that  in 
their  love  and  attachment  to  their  holy  Faith,  they  had 
but   one   heart    and    one    soul. 

When  the  Catholic  navigator,  Verrazzano,  and  the 
Catholic  Gomez,  about  the  year  1525,  entei'ed  the  mag- 
nificent Bay  of  New  York,  and  marked  the  green  sum- 
mits of  the  Highlands  of  Navesink,  and  the  shores  clad 
in  forest  and  verdant  meads,  they  were  charmed  with  its 
beauties.       Beside    the    ship    bearing  the    flag  of   France  or 


20  INTRODUCTION. 

Spain,  no  vessel  then  rippled  the  surface  but  the  frail 
canoe  of  the  natives,  Avhich  darted  wonderingly  across 
its    waters. 

"  The  very  large  river  that  forced  its  way  amid  hills 
to  empty  into  the  sea,"  as  one  described  it,  received  the 
name  of  St.  Anthony,  and  Catholicity  set  her  cross  of  pos- 
session on  the  soil.  But  it  Avoidd  have  been  a  wild  dream 
to  imasrine  that  in  three  centuries  and  a  half  the  Church 
against  which  half  Europe  seemed  rising  in  revolt  would 
have  planted  tlu-ee  episcopal  sees  on  the  shores  of  that 
bay,  its  ^^•aters  lave  the  borders  of  tliree  dioceses,  one 
presided  over  by  a  prince  of  the  Chiu-ch.  Who  coidd 
foresee  that  the  rocky  island  at  the  mouth  of  the  river, 
with  its  lake  and  streams  and  scattered  wigwams,  would 
give  place  to  a  city,  ^x\ih  a  Catholic  population  far  ex- 
ceeding that  of  many  a  city  in  the  Old  AVorld,  with  an 
array  of  churches  siu-h  as  it  is  our  purpose  to  trace 
from  their  origin  to  their  present  condition  of  spiritual 
grandeur    and    xisefulness? 

If  these  Catholic  pioneers  had  any  aspiration  for 
the  future  of  the  faith,  these  hopes  were  rudely  broken, 
when,  nearly  a  centiu-y  after  their  visit,  Henry  Hudson, 
a  native  of  fallen  England,  led  the  ships  of  Calvinistic 
Holland  into  oiu-  glorious  bay,  and,  giving  his  own  name 
to  the  river,  left  the  Dutch  to  name  the  city  and  set- 
tlement  they   founded,    New   Amsterdam. 

For   a   time    the    Catholic   history  is    a   blank.     In    the 


EARLY  HISTORY.  21 

new  colony  no  religion  was  tolerated  except  the  Calvin- 
ist.  The  Catholic  Hollander  who  had  fonylit  bravely  be- 
side his  Protestant  fellow-citizen  against  the  Spanish  rule 
was  rewarded  by  being  deprived  of  all  political  power. 
He  could  not  even  emigrate  to  America;  but  we  are 
nevertheless  requested  to  praise  Holland  for  establishing 
religious    liberty. 

The  few  Catholics  who  reached  New  Netherland 
were  sent  by  misery,  accident,  or  trade.  In  1643,  when 
the  settlement  was  twenty-eight  years  old,  a  Catholic 
jjriest,  a  hero  of  the  faith,  torn  and  mangled  by  the 
barbarous  Moha'N'S'ks,  and  broken  down  by  a  year's 
slavery,  ^\as  ransomed  by  the  kind-hearted  Hollanders, 
and  lirought  to  the  island  Avhere  New  York  now  stands. 
In  the  little  hamlet  clustered  under  the  rude  fort,  the 
heroic  priest.  Father  Isaac  Jogues,  the  pioneer  priest  of 
New  York  City  and  State,  found  but  two  Catholics  —  a 
Portuguese  woman,  and  a  }'oung  Irishman  from  Mary- 
land ;  and  tlie  ministr}'  of  the  Clnuxh  began  with  the 
sacrament  of  penance.  His  stay  was  but  a  brief  one, 
but  it  inspired  the  people  with  respect  for  a  religion 
that    could    produce    such    heroes. 

This  missionary  liad  scarcely  sailed  for  Eitrope  when 
another,  Father  Francis  Joseph  Bressani,  a  native  of  It- 
aly, fell  into  the  hands  of  the  blood-thirsty  savages ;  and 
he,  too,  rescued  by  the  Dutch  from  slavery,  descended 
the    Hiulson    to     New    Amsterdam.       If    there     were     any 


22  INTRODUCTION. 

Catholics  he  did  not  find  them  during  liis  brief  stay 
within  the  hospitable  walls  of  the  Dutch  town.  Of 
course,  in  their  destitute  condition,  neither  of  these 
priests,  without  chalice  or  vestments,  could  have  offered 
Tip  the  holy  sacrifice  in  our  city.  When  Father  Jogues, 
a  few  years  later,  Avas  rewarded  for  his  laborious  mis- 
sion-life by  the  crown  of  martyrdom,  some  of  his  vest- 
ments and  sacred  vessels  reached  Ne-w  York,  precious 
relics  of  a   holy  priest. 

New  York  has  ever  been  cosmopolitan  in  its  char- 
acter, and  the  beginnings  of  the  Catholic  Church  in  this 
city  are  no  less  so.  The  first  four  Catholics  recorded  as 
having  been  on  the  island  belonged  to  as  many  differ- 
ent nations  —  a  tyY>e  of  the  diversity  wliich  prevails  to 
this  day,  when  the  Catholic  flock  and  its  clergy  show 
representatives   from    almost    every   land   and    clime. 

After  that  "visit  of  these  two  priests,  a  Jesuit  Father 
from  Canada  occasionally  made  his  way  to  New  Am- 
sterdam, mid  generally  found,  among  the  shipping  in  the 
harbor,  some  Catholic,  liappy  to  avail  himself  of  the 
ministry  of  a  priest.  Such  were  the  flying  visits  of 
Fathers   Le   Moyne   and  Vaillant 

But  dm'in<r  the  Dutch  rule,  Catholics  were  few  and 
transient.  The  Church  had  no  foothold  on  ^lanhattan 
Island.  One  day,  in  midsmiimer  of  1664,  however,  a 
squadron  of  four  English  vessels,  bearing  the  flag  of  the 
Catholic   Duke    of  York,    as    Lord    High   Admiral,    entered 


EAliLY  HISTORY.  23 

the  biiA',  and  tlie  group  of  officers  on  their  decks  gazed 
■with  delight  on  the  fair  prospect  as  they  anchored  near 
the  Narrows.  They  came  to  claim  the  colony  for 
James,  Duke  of  York,  on  whom  his  brother,  Charles  II., 
ignoring   the    Dutch   title,  had    conferred    it. 

Under  the  new  rule,  religious  freedom  was  at  last 
proclaimed.  The  new  colony  of  New  York  was  opened 
to  our  faith.  Lieutenant  Anthony  Brockholls,  of  a  Cath- 
olic family  in  Lancashire,  came  over  in  1674,  as  second 
to  Governor  Andros  in  the  direction  of  the  colony, 
\'\'hicli  was  indeed  ably  governed  for  se^'eral  years  by 
this  accomplished  gentleman,  some  of  whose  descendants 
in  om*  day  have  retm'ned  to  the  faith  he  professed. 
A  fcAv  Catholic  settlers  amved,  and  James  at  last  resolv- 
ed to  make  such  arrangements  that  they  should  be  able 
to  worship  God  in  the  free  air  of  the  New  World  ac- 
cording to  the  dictates  of  their  conscience.  The  Jesuits 
had  for  half  a  century  zealously  attended  to  the  spirit- 
ual wants  of  the  Catholics  on  the  Chesapeake.  They  now 
extended  their  care  to  New  York.  When  the  brave,  po- 
litic and  able  Colonel  Thomas  Dongan,  an  Irish  Catholic 
of  noble  family,  came  out  as  Governor,  in  1683,  Father 
Thomas  Harvey  accompanied  liim ;  Catholic  Governor  and 
Catholic  priest  alike  being  escorted  out  of  Boston,  where 
they   landed,  by    the    Puritan   militia    of    that   place. 

Father  Henry  Harrison  had  preceded  him,  and  be- 
gun   his    labors    in   June ;    and    Father   Charles    Gage,    Avith 


24  INTRODUCTION. 

two  lay  brothers,  soon  followed.  The  little  mission  was 
organized  to  minister  to  the  Catholics  in  the  province, 
and  rejjlace  the  French  missionaries  among  the  Indians 
within    the   limits    claimed   by    England. 

A  room  was  fitted  up  as  a  chapel  in  the  Governor's 
house  within  the  fort,  and  here,  for  the  first  time,  mass 
Avas  off"ered  in  the  City  of  New  York.  Opposite  the 
Bowling  Gieen,  Avhere  the  statue  of  the  last  British  royal 
ruler  once  stood,  is  noAv  a  row  of  buildings  looking  up 
the  brilliant  kaleidoscope  of  Broadway,  with  its  ever-chang- 
ing waves  of  the  votaries  of  fashion,  commerce,  and  toil. 
These  buildings  occupy  nearly  the  site  of  the  old  fort, 
and  not  far  from  the  center  of  the  row  was  the  spot 
hallowed  by  the  first  mass  ever  offered  on  the  Island 
of  New  York.  Here,  in  a  private  oratory,  mass  was  said — 
the  little  congregation  consisting  of  the  Governor  and  some 
Catholic  officers  and  gentry,  in  all  the  bravery  of  the 
gay  reign  of  Charles  II.,  relieved  by  contrast  with  the 
soberer  garb  of  the  humbler  adlierents  of  the  ancient 
faith. 

The  Fathers  found  Catholics  scattered  tlu'oughout  the 
various  settlements  of  New  York  and  New  Jersey,  and 
we  can  trace  their  ministrations  from  Esopus  to  Staten 
Island,  Woodbridge,  and  Elizabeth ;  but  the  general  feeling 
was   unfriendly. 

Education  has  ever  been  the  aim  of  the  Society  of 
Jesus ;    and   these  Fathers,  true   to  their  mission,  opened   a 


EARLY  HISTORY.  25 

Latin  Scliodl  on  tlie  gronnds  now  occupied  by  the  stately 
edifice  of  Trinity  Chvu-cli.  It  was  the  first  educational 
institution  of  tlio  kind  in  the  city,  and  was  attended  by 
the  sons  of  the  best  families,  eager  to  avail  themselves  of 
the    advantages    it    aff"orded. 

Under  the  wise  and  able  rule  of  James,  and  the 
Governors  appointed  by  him,  civil  and  religious  libert^' 
were  secured  to  the  colonists,  in  the  grand  New  York 
Charter  of  1683,  and  in  the  Legislature  Avhich  was  es- 
tablished and  which  passed  the  charter.  Then  Catholics 
began  to  settle  in  a  colony  which  offered  them  a  home 
and  the  rights  their  manhood  claimed.  ]\Iany  of  these 
•\Aere  persons  of  means,  education,  and  ability,  who  would 
have  been    singidarly    serviceable    to    the    colony. 

While  Catholicity  was  tlms  acquiring  a  home  in  New 
York,  and  in  the  minds  of  the  more  intelligent  some  of  the 
veils  of  prejudice  were  lifting,  the  horizon  suddenly  chang- 
ed. James  IL  was  hurled  from  the  throne.  When  the 
news  reached  New  York,  Leisler,  a  fanatic  maniac,  seized 
the  reigns  of  government,  and  commenced  a  system  of 
terror.  In  his  mad  deliriimi  he  saw  nothing  but  Popish 
plots,  Jesuit  conspiracies.  William  of  Orange  looked  on 
in  sublime  unconcern  at  the  ruin  of  New  York,  as  if 
pleased  to  see  the  province  peculiar  to  his  predecessor 
reduced    to    the    utmost   misery. 

The  Catholic  clerg}-,  no  longer  safe,  left  the  colony; 
one    to    reach    Maryland    by    devious    ways,  the    others    to 


26  INTRODUCTION. 

return  to  Europe.  The  Catholics  of  means  wlio  had  settled 
removed  to  other  parts ;  some  to  Canada,  some  to  other 
English  colonies.  Those  who  remained  in  order  to  save 
their  property  made  no  show  of  their  faith,  jind  in  the 
next  generation  Dongan  and  Brockholls  ceased  to  be  Catho- 
lic names  in  the  Colony  of  New  York. 

Under  Governor  Fletcher,  in  l(!i)G,  the  number  of 
Catholics  in  the  city,  according  to  an  official  report  made 
to   him    and    transmitted    to    England,    was    only  nine.  . 

Yet  the  fanatical  hatred  aroused  by  Leisler  lived,  and 
the  next  Governor,  the  Earl  of  Bellomont,  was  of  a  temper 
to  give  it  a  most  fiendish  character.  Coming  from  Ireland, 
where  his  father.  Colonel  Coote,  had  been  one  of  the  blood- 
iest butchers  of  the  Irish  Catholics  in  Cromwell's  time, 
Bellomont  inherited  all  the  sanguinary  ferocity  of  the 
father,  combined  with  the  shrewder  statecraft  of  the  un- 
principled  politicians    of  his   time. 

By  his  personal  influence  and  vote  in  council,  the 
New  York  Legislatm-e,  abandoning  its  broad  charter  of 
liberties  for  one  less  comprehensive  and  manly,  passed,  in 
1700,  a  law  by  which  any  Catholic  priest  entering  the 
colony  or  its  limits,  as  claimed  by  England,  was  con- 
demned to  imprisonment  for  life.  If  he  escaped  from 
bondage  and  was  recaptm'ed,  the  anointed  priest  of  God 
was    to    swing   on  a  gallows,  like   a  mm-derer. 

In  the  same  spirit  was  the  law  that  any  one  who 
harbored    a   priest,    who    gave    him    a    night's     shelter   or    a 


EARLY  HISTORY.  27 

meal,  was  punished  by  a  heavy  fine  and  the  pillory. 
Other  enactments  disabled  Catholics  from  holding  any  office 
or  even  casting  a  vote  for  any  civil  or  military  position  in 
the  colony.  With  a  name  that  recalled  its  Catholic  Lord 
Proprietor,  New  York    excluded  Catholics    from  its  borders. 

For  years  Catholics  were  almost  unknown  in  the  City 
and  Colony  of  New  York.  Dm-ing  the  wars  with  Spain, 
the  privateers  occasionally  brought  a  priest  into  our  harbor, 
among  the  prisoners  taken  on  the  vessels ;  and  the  rec- 
ords show  how  shamefully  they  were  insulted  and  wronged. 
The  negroes  in  the  Spanish  Colonies  were  instructed  in 
Christianity,  and  ennobled  by  its  hopes;  but  every  Spanish 
negro  captured  in  these  vessels,  though  free  by  Spanish 
law,  was  sold  as  a  slave  in  New  York.  The  priest  and 
his  white  countrymen  were  finally  released,  but  the  negro 
remained   to    represent    the    faith. 

In  1741,  a  wild  delusion  seized  the  town.  An  ac- 
cidental fire  in  the  fort  was  ascribed  to  a  plot  among 
the  negroes  to  desti-oy  the  city.  The  Spanish  negroes  be- 
came especial  objects  of  terror.  Many  negroes  and  some 
whites  were  aiTested,  and  perished  on  the  scaffold  or  at 
the  stake,  convicted  on  the  loosest  and  most  unsatisfactory 
evidence.  A  belief  gained  ground  that  a  Catholic  priest 
was  the  originator  of  the  supposed  plot.  A  harmless,  non- 
juiing  clergyman  from  England,  who  had  been  acting  as 
an  humble  teacher,  was  tried;  and,  as  justice  and  com- 
mon   sense    alike   had   fled,    poor    Ury   was   hung. 


28  INTRODUCTION. 

Witli  such  a  fate  before  them,  few  r'atlioHcs  dare  enter 
New  York.  Almost  the  first  one  "\A'ho  makes  any  figure  wna 
John  Leary,  who  resided  in  Courthiudt  street,  and  became 
popular  with  the  gentry  as  one  who  kept  and  imported 
horses,  famed  for  their  excellence.  The  street  often  Avent 
by  his  name.  His  rehgfion  was  avowed ;  and  the  popu- 
lar rumor  of  the  dav  assures  us  that  he  did  not  neglect 
his  Easter  duty,  but  tliat  he  A^'ent  every  year  to  Phila- 
delphia  for    confession. 

In  1755,  a  number  of  Catholics  entered  New  York 
City.  They  were  not  })risouers  of  war,  for  they  had  long 
been  Bi-itish  subjects ;  they  were  not  rebels,  for  they  had 
done  nothing  against  government.  They  were  the  unhaj)p}' 
Acadians  of  Nova  Scotia,  who,  as  Popish  recusants,  had 
been  deprived  of  their  estates  and  ])i-operty,  and  carried 
off,  to  the  mnnber  of  seven  thousand,  to  be  scattered  along 
the    coast   from    New  Hampshire    to    Georgia. 

Several  hundi-ed  reached  New  Yoi-k;  but  in  tlie  Gov- 
ernor, Sir  Charles  Hardy,  they  found  an  inexorable  enemy. 
They  were  scattered  tlu'ough  the  colony,  the  childi'en 
bound  out,  the  adults  put  to  labor.  At  every  alarm  they 
were  huddled  into  the  jails.  Some,  who  had  made  their 
way  from  Georgia  and  South  Carolina,  were  seized  on 
reaching  Long  Island,  in  the  following  year,  and  treated 
with    even    greater    cruelty. 

The    several    hunth-ed  Acadian    Catholics  melted  away :  . 
many    dying    of  broken    heai-ts ;    many    perisliing-   from    the 


EARLY  llISTOltY.  29 

noxious  air  and  iiltli  of  the  prisons  of  that  day;  many, 
used  in  their  own  land  to  ease  and  comfort,  breaking 
down  prematm'ely  vmder  tlie  unaccustomed  toil.  Others 
escaped  to  Canada  or  Illinois  — -  perhaps  by  way  of  the 
Six  Nations,  who,  Indians  as  they  were,  were  less  cruel 
than   the    whites. 

This  body  of  compulsory  emigrants  did  not  form  a 
permanent  body  of  Catholics  in  New  York,  and  no  trace 
of  them    appears    thirty  years    later. 

Among  the  class  known  as  Redemptioners — those  who 
were  sold  at  auction  for  a  term  of  service,  in  order  to 
pay  their  ^^^''^•'^'^g'G  money  —  were,  doubtless,  not  a  few 
Catholics,  about  this  time,  both  German  and  Irish.  Their 
number  did  not  equal  that  in  Pennsylvania,  where  Catho- 
licity  had    from    the    first    enjoyed    a    degree    of  freedom. 

The  little  body  of  Catholics  that  had  grown  up  in 
the  City  of  New  York  a  huncb-ed  and  ten  years  ago, 
began  to  long  for  the  occasional  visit  of  a  jiriest.  Few 
could  afford  what  was  then  a  long  and  tedious  journey  to 
Philadelphia,  in  order  to  approach  the  sacraments,  and 
have  mamages  blessed  and  childi'en  baptized.  They  were 
too  few  in  number  to  make  any  effort  to  secure  a  per- 
manent pastor,  to  whom  tliey  could  ofiFer  no  adequate  siq?- 
port.  But  Providence  did  not  forsake  them.  In  sj^ite  of 
penal  laws  and  the  bitter  prejudices  prevailing,  the  Jesuit 
Fathers  in  Philadelphia  gradually  extended  their  pastoral 
visits    to    scattered    Catholics  in  New  Jersey ;    and  just  be- 


30  INTEODUCTION. 

fore  the  Revolution  the  Rev.  Ferdinand  Steinmeyr  —  known 
on  the  mission  by  the  name  of  Fanner  —  entered  New- 
York,  lie  was  a  man  of  great  learning,  a  mathematician 
of  such  excellence  that  the  Royal  Society  of  London  elect- 
ed him  a  memlaer.  He  was  more  than  the  equal  of  the 
learned  New  York  Governor,  Cadwallader  Golden;  but  he 
had  to  enter  the  city  in  disguise,  and  reach  Wall  street 
without  exciting  observation ;  there,  as  tradition  says,  to 
meet  a  few    Catholics    in    the    house    of  a   good    Gennan. 

When  the  colonies  rose  against  England,  the  feeling 
against  the  mother  country  was  combined  with  tlie  old 
cr}'  against  the  Catholics.  The  first  flag  raised  by  the 
Sons  of  Liberty  in  New  York  was  inscribed  "No  Poj)ery." 
An  Irish  priest,  who  had  entei'ed  the  colony  and  ministered 
to  some  Scotch  Catholics,  fled  Avith  his  flock,  before  the 
rising    storm,   to    the    more    tolerant    soil    of   Canada. 

The  English  army  took  and  held  New  York.  Among 
its  soldiery,  both  from  the  British  Isles  and  Germany, 
there  were  Catholics,  who  had  enjoyed  the  services  of 
jiriests  in  Canada,  Ijut  were  alloAved  none  in  New  York. 
A  French  Augustinian  priest,  who  had  been  brought  in 
a  prisoner,  ventm'ed  to  officiate  for  the  Catholics  in  the 
city,  who,  on  learning  his  character,  had  eagerly  sought 
to  enjoy  the  consolations  of  relig-ion.  He  had  been  pa- 
roled, and  did  not  suppose  that  English  authorities,  who 
allowed  the  Catholic  priest  to  exercise  his  ministry  in 
Canada,    would    take    tmibrage    at    his    doing    the    same   in 


EARLY  HISTORY.  31 

New  York.  He  applied  to  the  commanding  officer  for  per- 
mission, and,  mistaking  the  answer,  proceeded  to  offer  vip 
the  Holy  Sacrifice.  He  was  at  once  aiTCsted  and  kept  in 
close  confinement,  like  the  unfortnnate  American  prisoners, 
perhaps  undergoing  the  horrors  suffered  in  the  old  Dutch 
Church  in  Nassau  street,  or  the  old  Provost  Prison,  now 
the   Hall   of  Records. 

Down  to  the  days  of  the  Revolution,  not  only  was 
Catholicity  proscribed  and  the  Catholic  worship  prohibited 
by  a  terrible  penal  law,  but  every  Protestant  who  held 
any  office  under  the  colony  had  to  take  an  oath  that 
he  believed  none  of  the  characteristic  articles  of  the 
Catholic   fiiith. 

"I  do  solemnly  and  sincerely,  in  the  presence  of 
God,  profess,  testifie  and  declare,  that  I  do  believe  that 
in  the  Sacrament  of  the  Lord's  Supper  there  is  not  any 
Transubstantiation  of  the  elements  of  Bread  and  Wine 
into  the  Body  and  Blood  of  Christ,  at  or  after  the  con- 
secration thereof  by  any  person  whatsoever;  and  that  the 
invocation  or  adoration  of  the  Virgin  Mary  or  any  other 
Saint,  and  the  Sacrifice  of  the  Mass,  as  they  are  now  used 
in   the  Church  of  Rome,   are    superstitious    and   idolatrous." 

Such  was  the  history  of  Catholicity  in  New  York,  from 
the  time  its  Catholic  explorers  raised  aloft  in  its  waters 
the  symbol  of  its  triumphs  —  visits  of  heroic  missionaries 
covered  with  wounds ;  a  brief  period  in  the  rule  and  reign 
of  James    II.,    as    Duke    and    King,   when  the   Church   had 


32  INTRODUCTION. 

jDastors,  school,  a  flock ;  a  j^eriod  under  the  penal  laws, 
when  Catholicity  was  under  the  ban;  and  at  last  deliver- 
ance b}'  a  Revolution,  which,  in  its  outset,  seemed  bitterly 
hostile   to   the   Church. 

Wlien  peace  came,  the  Catholics  looked  aroimd  for 
each  other.  They  found  that  they  were  really  a  consider- 
able body,  able  to  support  a  pastor.  Then  came  repre- 
sentatives of  foreig-n  jDOwers  —  consuls  of  France,  Spain, 
Portugal,  and  Germany.  Wliile  New  York  was  capital 
of  the  United  States,  foreign  ministers  from  Catholic  powers 
resided  here,  and  were  coiuied  by  the  hig-hest  society; 
several  Catholic  members  of  Congress  also  lived  here  dur- 
ing the  sessions  of  that  body.  With  the  prestige  given 
by  these  personages,  and  by  Catholic  merchants  of  means 
who  made  the  city  a  home.  Catholics  no  longer  felt  that 
they   were    helots.     They    were   freemen   in    a   free  land. 


THE 


Archbishops  and  Bishops  of  New  York. 


RT.  REV.  RICHARD   LUKE   CONCANEN,  D.D., 

OF  THE   ORDER  OF  ST.  DOMINIC. 
FIRST    BISHOP    OF    NEW     YORK. 


THE  splendor  of  tlie  Catholic  Church  in  this  country, 
as  we  see  it  in  our  time,  towards  the  close  of  the 
nineteenth  centurj',  with  a  hierarchy,  an  Archbishop  residing- 
in  New  York  —  holding-,  too,  one  of  the  highest  dignities 
in  the  Church,  that  of  Cardinal  Priest  —  Suffragan  Bishops 
throughout  the  State,  and  the  neighboring  State  that 
was  in  old  time  part  of  New  York,  with  magnificent 
churches,  the  services  carried  out  with  splendor,  accord- 
ing to  the  impressive  ritual  of  our  Holy  Mother  —  all 
this  could  not  have  been  dreamed  of  in  the  beffinnino- 
of  the   present   age. 

A  hundred  years  ago  the  Catholic  gifted  with  fore- 
sight who  should  have  told  his  Protestant  neighbors  that 
such  things  would  ever  be,  would  have  been  deemed 
insane. 

The    few    Catholics    in     New     York    had    no     church, 

no    priest,    no    bishop.     Those    in    Pennsylvania    and    Mary- 
3 


34  INTRODUCTION. 

land  were  more  blessed ;  yet  nowhere  tlu-oughout  tliis 
beautiful  land,  from  which  the  united  arms  and  courage 
and  endiu-ance  and  wisdom  of  Protestant  and  Catholic, 
side  by  side  in  the  council  hall  and  in  the  battle-field, 
had  at  last  banished  their  old  oppressors,  had  a  Cath- 
olic  bishop    ever   been    seen. 

The  missionaries  who  in  the  days  of  James  II.  laid 
the  comer-stone  of  our  Church  in  this  city,  organizing 
a  congregation  in  their  little  chapel  witliin  the  walls  of 
Fort  James,  were  under  the  spiritual  jurisdiction  of  Dr. 
John  Leyburn,  Yicar  Apostolic,  first  of  all  England  and 
then    of    the    London    District. 

Tlie  Catholics  in  the  colonies  —  and  among  the  rest 
those  ^\\\o,  at  a  later  day,  ■\\-itli  many  misgivings  at- 
tempted, or  were  forced  to  fix  their  home  in  New  York  — 
looked  up  to  the  successors  of  Bishop  Leybm-n  as  their 
prelate ;  but  none  had  ever  crossed  the  ocean.  A  bishop 
was   personally   unknown. 

When  the  country  recovered  from  the  exhausting 
war,  the  new  governments  in  most  of  the  States  left 
religion  comparatively  free.  The  Catholics  in  America  at 
last  received  a  bishop,  in  the  person  of  the  venerated 
John  CaiToll,  first  Bishop,  as  •  he  was  later,  first  Arch- 
bishop   of    Baltimore. 

His  diocese  was  the  whole  United  States,  as  fixed 
by  the  treaty  of  peace.  He  could  not  A'isit  it  all,  but 
he    did   ^asit    New   York,    and    gave    an    impulse    to    the 


EARLY  HISTORY.  35 

faith.  Under  the  guidance  of  that  great  prelate,  the 
Irish,  the  German,  and  a  few  American  Cathohcs,  began 
to  form  prosperous  congregations.  New  York,  in  its  re- 
hgious  life,  throve  under  the  fostering  care  of  the  illus- 
trious Archbishop  Carroll.  Ilis  grand  and  noble  figm-e  is 
associated  witli  the  early  annals  of  the  Church  in  oiu- 
city ;  here,  as  elsewhere,  guiding  pastors  and  flocks  with 
the  rare  judgment  and  singular  gifts  with  which  God 
endowed  him  in  selecting  him  to  be  the  coraer-stone 
of  the  hierarchy  of  the  Catholic  Church  in  the  United 
States. 

But  he  felt  from  the  first  that  the  diocese  in  its 
vast  extent  Avas  beyond  his  power,  or  that  of  any  one 
bishop,  to  direct  properly.  His  mission,  he  felt,  was  to 
organize,  harmonize,  and  quicken  the  Catholic  bod}',  so 
that  when  it  had  a  life  of  Its  own,  it  could  be  divided 
into  different  dioceses  without  leading  to  ineAatable  con- 
fusion. 

The  increase  in  New  York  Avas,  he  saw,  mainly 
from  the  green  shores  of  Ireland ;  increasing  when  the 
gallant  struggle  for  freedom  was  crushed  in  blood,  and 
the  very  national  existence  was  swept  away.  He  appre- 
ciated the  zeal,  fervor,  and  imd}'ing  faith  of  the  Irish 
Catholics ;  and  he  looked  forward  to  the  appointment  of 
some  gifted  priest  of  the  land  of  St.  Patrick,  St.  Bridget, 
and  St.  Columbkille,  to  build  up  the  stately  edifice  of 
Catholicity     in     New     York.       And     we      see      the      same 


36  INTEODUCTION. 

thoiig-lit  in  tlie  suggestion  of  the  name  of  the  Apostle  of 
Ireland   as    titular    of  a    cathedral. 

"The  number  of  Catholic  congregations  daily  spring- 
ing up  in  every  direction,"  wrote  this  great  prelate, 
"has  at  last  induced  Pius  VII.,  the  present  venerable 
Pontitf,  wlio,  in  the  midst  of  tribulations  most  bitter  to 
nature,  but  equally  glorious  in  liis  Divine  Master,  so 
worthily  fills  the  Pontifical  chair,  to  erect  Baltimore  into 
a  Metropolis  or  Archbishoprick,  and  to  establish  four  new 
suffragan  dioceses,  namely.  New  York,  Philadelphia,  Bos- 
ton,   and    Bardstown." 

Addressing  the  faithful  in  the  new  dioceses  now 
passing  under  other  spiritual  heads.  Archbishop  CaiToll 
says :  "  To  multiply  the  means  of  salvation  and  increase 
vigilance  over  the  sacred  interests  of  religion,  bishops 
ever  present  and  near  to  them  are  now  to  be  given  to 
the  separate  portions  of  this  once  so  extensive  diocese, 
Boston,  Philadelphia,  New  York,  and  ye  vast  countries 
of  Kentucky,  Tennessee,  and  Mississippi.  The  Lord  has 
spoken  to  Peter,  Peter  by  his  successors  to  Pius  VII., 
and  the  apostolical  succession  begins  after  so  many  ages 
to  display  itself  to  you,  that  it  may  be  continued 
through  your  chief  pastors,  even  to  the  remotest  jjos- 
terity." 

For  the  See  of  Ncav  York,  that  illustrious  Pope  se- 
lected a  learned,  able,  and  courageous  Irish  priest,  well 
known  at  Rome,   and  particularly  dear  to  the  Holy   Father, 


EARLY  HISTORY  37 

Father  Richard  Liike  Concauen,  of  the  Order  of  St. 
Dominic,  whose  mei'it  had  ah-eady  caused  his  uoinination 
to  a  see  in  Irehmd,  and  who  had  been  prior  of  con- 
vents of  his  order  at  Lisbon  and  Rome,  and  Librarian 
of    the    famous    Casanate    Library. 

He  was  consecrated  at  Rome  on  the  24th  of  A^jril, 
1808,  by  Cardinal  Antonelh,  Prefect  of  the  Congregation 
of  the  Propaganda.  The  CathoHcs  of  New  York  looked 
forward  with  pleasure  to  the  reception  of  so  illustrious  a 
prelate,  and  great  hopes  for  Catholicity  were  entertained. 
But  all  were  dashed,  as  months  passed  and  no  tidings 
came.  At  last  it  was  learned  that  Napoleon  had  pre- 
vented his  embarkation  from  Ital}' ;  and  ere  long  New 
York,  which  had  put  on  its  robes  of  gladness  to  welcome 
its  first  bishop,  had  to  put  on  those  of  mourning,  for 
the  sad  news  came  that  their  bishop  had  died  mysteri- 
ously at  Naples,  in  1810,  as  he  was  at  last  on  the 
point  of  embarking  for  his  see.  This  was  a  sad  blow 
to  the  new  diocese ;  and,  as  the  sovereign  Pontiff  was 
hurried  off  from  Rome  a  captive,  it  was  impossible  for 
some  years  to  fill  the  vacancy  and  give  the  wido■\^'ed 
Church    of  New   York    a   bishop. 

New  York  was  thus  left  in  a  wretched  condition  — 
a  diocese  without  a  bishop,  with  none  to  guide  and 
direct,  as  only  a  bishop  can.  Zealous  Jesuits  came, 
and,  aided  by  a  few  priests  Avho  joined  them,  projected 
woi"ks    on    which   the    progress    of    religion    depended.     The 


38  INTRODUCTION. 

corner-stone  of  a  new  church  was  laid.  The  Dominicans 
whom  the  late  bishojD  intended  to  bring  were  indeed 
sent  elsewhere,  with  the  means  he  had  collected ;  but 
Trappists  sought  to  foimd  a  house  here.  The  Jesuits 
opened  a  college ;  and  Ursuline  nims  from  the  Island  of 
Saints  crossed  the  Atlantic  to  begin  one  of  their  suc- 
cessful academies  for  training  young  ladies  to  all  the 
accomplishments,  virtue,  purity,  and  self-sway  of  a  truly 
Cliristian    maiden. 

But  all  such  institutions  needed  the  fostering  care  of 
a  bishop.  Tliose  in  New  York  lacked  it.  They  faded 
away,  leaving  the  Catholics  disheartened  and  discouraged. 


EARLY  HISTORY.  39 


RT.    REV.    JOHN    CONNOLLY, 

OF  THE  ORDER   OF  ST.  DOMES^IC, 
SECOND    BISHOP    OF    NEW    YORK. 


NAPOLEON,  dazzled  and  elated  by  the  career  of 
^-ictory  whicli  Heaven  granted  to  liis  'arms, 
thought  that  all  things,  human  and  divine,  must  bend  to 
his  will.  The  courageous  Pontiff,  Pius  VII.,  was  torn 
from  his  see.  Napoleon  fell,  as  if  struck  by  the  lightnings 
of  Heaven.  The  crime  and  the  punishment  were  evident 
to  the  whole  world. 

By  one  of  those  sti-ange  dispositions  of  Providence, 
which  no  human  mind  can  foresee,  the  power  of  Protest- 
ant England  was  employed  to  restore  Pope  Pius  VII.  tg 
Rome.  Wlien  the  affairs  of  the  Church  could  be  resumed, 
he  resolved  to  give  New  York  a  bishop  at  once.  Again 
he  looked  to  the  sons  of  faithful  Ireland.  The  Rev. 
Father  John  Connolly,  of  the  Order  of  St.  Dominic  and 
prior  of  St.  Clement's  Convent  in  Rome,  where  he  had 
spent  much  of  his  life,  was  appointed  Bishop  of  New 
York.  He  was  consecrated  in  Rome,  Nov.  6,  1814,  but 
did  not  reach  New  York  till  the  24th  day  of  the  same 
month,    in    the    following    year.        He     is    the    first    of    otn- 


40  INTRODUCTION. 

hierarchy  who  came  to  us  consecrated  in  the  Eternal  City. 
He  was  received  with  great  joy  by  his  flock,  happy  at 
last  to  have  a  bishop  in  their  midst.  He  found  in  his  large 
diocese  at  least  seventeen  thousand  Catholics,  scattei'ed  far 
and  wide,  with  only  fom-  priests  to  aid  him  in  ministering 
to  them ;  and  two  of  these  were  soon  withdi-awn  from 
him.  All  the  institutions  projected  by  the  zealous  mis- 
sionaries and  begmi  by  the  devoted  Catholics  of  New 
Y(5rk  had  ^-anished.  Evervthing  was  to  be  created  anew 
bv  Mm,  and  the  burden  Avas  immense.  He  did  not 
slu'ink  from  the  toil  which  would  have  appalled  many  a 
younger  man,  but  bravely  undertook  the  discharge  of  the 
duties    imposed    on   him   by   the    sovereign    Pontiff. 

He  was  a  native  of  Drogheda,  having  been  bom 
in  the  year  1750.  He  had  studied  in  Ireland,  then  in 
Belgium,  and  finally  entering  the  Order  of  St.  Dominic, 
to  which  he  felt  that  God  called  him,  he  was  sent  to 
St.  Clement's  Convent  in  Rome.  His  life  had  been  one 
of  constant,  active  ser^nce,  and  he  was  for  years  the 
agent   of    the    Irish   bishops    in    Rome. 

He  visited  his  native  land  on  his  way,  less  to  see 
liis  kindred  than  to  appeal  to  the  zeal  of  priest  and  Levite 
to  join  him  in  the  field  of  his  labors.  Faithful  Ireland 
could  not  see  her  children  in  America  exposed  to  lose  the 
faith.  Bishop  Connolly  obtained  for  his  diocese  several 
^oriests  full  of  zeal  for  man  and  lo^'e  for  God,  and  some 
candidates    for    holv    orders,    on    whom    he    soon    conferred 


EARLY  HISTORY.  41 

the  priesthood;  New  York  then  fii-st  witnessing  the  confer- 
ring of  that  great  sacrament  by  which  the  apostoHc 
powers  are  continued  in  the  Church.  He  made  visitations 
of  his  diocese,  erecting  shi'ines  of  rehgion  in  Utica  and 
Rochester,  thus  taking  possession  of  Central  and  West- 
ern Xew  York,  where  in  early  times  the  Jesuit  Fathers 
had    their   flourishing   missions    among    the    fierce    Iroquois. 

The  Orphan  Asylum  in  New  York  City,  which  has 
so  long  been  a  home  to  the  fatherless,  was  established  by 
him,  and  placed  under  the  direction  of  Sisters  of  Charity 
from  the  community  founded  by  Mother  Seton,  to  whom, 
doubtless,  as  hei'self  a  native  of  his  diocese,  he  appealed 
for   aid    in    terms    which    she    could   not   refuse. 

He  went  to  Baltimore  in  1817,  to  attend  the  conse- 
cration of  the  Rev.  Ambrose  Marechal  as  Bishop  of  Stau- 
ropolis  and  coadjutor  to  Ai-chbishop  Neale.  The  ceremony 
was  performed  by  Bishop  Cheverus,  Bishop  Connolly  and 
the  Very  Rev.  ]\Ir.  DeBarth  as  assistants.  His  retm'n  to 
his  diocese,  so  ill  provided  with  priests,  must  have  made 
his  bm-den  seem  all  the  more  onerous  after  witnessing 
the  Seminary  and  other  institutions  at  Baltimore.  The 
*  yellow  fever,  which  soon  afflicted  New  York,  found  liim, 
however,  zealous  and  um-emitting  in  the  parochial  labors 
he  was  compelled  to  discharge ;  and  in  those  days  of 
trial  he  showed  all  the  heroism  of  the  2irlest,  and,  were 
that  possible,  more  than  liis  usual  charity  and  benevo- 
lence. 


42  INTRODUCTION. 

His  next  great  effort  was  to  •  secure  more  Sisters,  in 
order    to    place    the    charity    schools    under   their    care. 

But  if  his  labors  were  great  and  his  resources  were 
small,  he  was  gladdened  by  the  reception  of  converts 
into  the  Chm'ch,  several  of  them  clergymen  of  Prot- 
estant denominations.  Bishop  Hobart,  of  the  Episcopal 
Church,  enjoyed  the  friendship  of  Dr.  Connolly,  and  e\'i- 
dently  was  approaching  the  light  of  truth.  When  Dr.  Hobart 
went  to  Europe,  he  -sasited  one  of  liis  former  ministers,  who 
had  become  a  priest  and  entered  a  religious  community 
in  Em'ope,  and  he  bore  lettei's  from  Bishop  Connolly  to 
friends  in  Rome.  He  never  became  a  Catholic,  but  his 
daughter  died  in  the  faith,  the  wife  of  one  who  left  a 
bishopric  in  the  Episcopal  Chvu'ch  to  enter  the  fold  of 
Clu-ist. 

In  1824,  Bishop  Connolly,  feeling  the  weight  of  years 
and  his  severe  mission  labors,  solicited  the  Holy  See  to 
give  him  a  coadjutor,  and  to  appoint  his  faithful  eolaborer, 
the  Rev.  Michael  O'Gorman ;  but  before  the  question 
could  be  acted  U2:»on,  the  zealous  first-ordained  priest  of 
New  York  fell  sick  and  died  at  the  bishop's  house ;  and 
within  a  week  a  second  priest  was  bm'ied  from  the  same 
dwelling.  At  Rev.  Mr.  O'Gorman's  funei'al  the  aged  bishop 
contracted  a  severe  cold  which  prosti-ated  him,  and  led  to 
a  fatal  malady.  Yet  he  struggled  through  the  winter, 
discharging  the  duties  wliicli  had  now  increased  beyond 
the  ability  of    a   priest   in    the    jjrime  of    life   and   strength. 


EARLY  HISTORY.  43 

He  officiated  till  within  a  week  of  his  death,  and  ex- 
pired on  the  evening  of  Sexagesima  Sunday,  February  6th, 
1825,  at  his  residence,  512  Bowery.  His  body  was  taken 
to  St.  Peter's,  and  lay  in  state  there  till  the  9th,  when 
it   was    conveyed    to   his    cathedral. 

Almost  at  the  close  of  his  career,  in  which  he  had 
many  and  grievous  trials,  his  jieople,  in  a  public  resolu 
tion,  declared  that  he  justly  possessed  the  confidence  of 
all,  and  that  his  wisdom,  piety  and  zeal  had  excited  the 
admiration  of  their  fellow-citizens ;  that  Ids  conduct,  man- 
ners and  example  recalled  to  their  minds  what  we  read 
of  primitive  simplicity  in  the  history  of  the  apostles  of 
the  earlier  ages.  And  he  won  this  esteem,  not  by  bril- 
liant or  showy  gifts,  but  by  his  solid  virtue,  his  zeal, 
devotedness,    and    charity. 


44  INTRODUCTION. 


RT.   REV.  JOHN   DU  BOIS,   D.D., 

THIRD  BISHOP  OF  NEW  YORK. 


THE  prelates  whom  we  have  thus  briefly  sketched 
had  been  selected  in  Rome,  and  set  out,  with 
the  blessing  of  the  Holy  Father  and  consecration  in  the 
Eternal  City,  to  a  diocese  and  a  flock  in  a  strange  and 
distant  land.  The  Rev.  John  Du  Bois,  who  was  appointed 
Bishop  of  New  York  in  182(3,  was  one  already  identified 
with  the  Church  in  the  United  States  by  years  of  labor 
as  a  zealous  missionary  priest,  by  the  foundation  and 
du-ection  of  ]\Iomit  St,  j\Iary's  College  at  Emmittsburg, 
whicli  has  been  to  this  day  the  Alma  Mater  of  thousands 
of  highly  cultured  Catholic  gentlemen,  and  the  seminary 
which  has  filled  the  country  with  well-trained  and  zealous 
priests.  He  had,  too,  under  God,  been  greatly  instru- 
mental in  guiding  to  success  Mother  Seton's  labors  to 
establish  the  Sisters  of  Charity  in  America.  Few  men 
were  better  known  to  the  bishops  and  clergy  of  the 
United    States,    or   more    highly    esteemed. 

Schoolfellow  of  RobespieiTC,  he  was  one  of  the  faith- 
ful priests  whom  France,  fallen  into  the  hands  of  such 
men,    drove    from    her    shores.     Bishop    Du  Bois    came    to 


EAELY  HISTORY.  45 

New    York    full    of  years    and   experience ;    known,  respect- 
ed,   revered.     He    was    consecrated    at    Baltimore,    Oct.    29, 
182G,    his    episcopal    cross     and    ring-   Laving   been    the  gift 
of  the    illustrious   Charles  Carroll  of  Carrollton.      He  found 
immense  wants.     The  Catholic  emigration  increased  rapidly. 
Short-sighted     men,     under     the    old   trustee    system,     with 
mistaken    views    of  their   rights    and    duties,     were    blindly 
crippling   the  Clnu-ch,  and  preventing   its    usefulness.       Fa- 
naticism    had   been    aroused   among   the    Protestant    bodies, 
miprincipled   men    seeking   popularity   by    wild    attacks    on 
the    Church,  and  the  basest  and  most  disgraceful  inventions 
and  forgeries.     But  amid  all  the  oppositions,  Bisho2>  l3u  Bois 
went   bravely    on.       Able    theologians    and  controversialists, 
like   Varela   and    Le\nns,    vindicated  Catholic  truth  a)id  ex- 
posed  the    hollowness    of  Protestantism    as    a  system.      The 
eloquent    voice    of  a    Power    called   forth  resources    for    the 
orjihans.     The    Bishop    labored    to    endow   liis    diocese    with 
a   second    Mount    St.  Mary's ;    but,  though  he  failed  in  this, 
religion    generally   prospered.       He    visited    all   parts  of  his 
diocese,    and    encouraged   the    building   of    chm-ches  where- 
ever   one    could   possibly  exist,    obtaining   aid    from    Rome, 
and    from    the    Society  for    the  Propagation    of    the    Faith. 
So  rapid    was   the  i)rogress  of  the    faith    during  his    episco- 
pate, that  every  year  beheld  new  chm^ches  rising.       Yet  he 
was    not   fitted   by    age    to    cope    with    the    difficulties    at- 
tendant  on    the   rapid   increase    of  Catholics,  mainly,    then, 
by    emigration    from    Ireland. 


46  INTRODUCTION. 

He  was  a  man  of  sixty,  having  been  born  in  Paris, 
August  24,  1764,  of  respectable  and  wealtliy  pai-ents.  A 
pious  and  truly  Clu'istian  mother  had  trained  him  in 
childhood ;  liis  faith  had  been  confii'med  and  deepened 
under  the  tuition  of  the  Jesuit  Fathers,  at  the  College  of 
liOuis  le  Grand.  Thoug-h  the  world  was  seething-  with 
coming  revolution,  and  that  very  college  numbered  among 
its  scholars  men  who  were  to  figure  as  the  most  impious 
and  cruel  wretches  of  the  French  Revolution,  young 
Du  Bois  devoted  himself  to  the  ser^^ce  of  God.  Trained 
in  the  Seminary  of  St.  Magloire,  he  was  ordained  in 
1787.  He  was  at  once  charged  with  duties.  Besides 
being  cin-ate  at  St.  Sulpice,  he  was  chaplain  of  an  ex- 
tensive Asylum  for  the  Insane  and  for  (Orphans.  Amid 
all  the  hoiTors  of  the  Revolution,  he  stood  at  his  post, 
till  friends  showed  Mm  that  it  was  his  duty  to  fly. 
NaiTowly  escaping  death,  he  reached  a  vessel  for  the 
United  States,  and  landed  at  Norfolk,  in  Virginia,  in  1791. 
Bishop  Carroll  received  liim  to  liis  anus,  and  with  letters 
from  Lafayette  to  Monroe,  Pati'ick  Henry,  the  Lees  and 
Randolphs,  Mr.  Du  Bois  began  missions  at  Norfolk  and 
Richmond.  He  supported  liimself  by  teaching  while  min- 
istering to  liis  flock.  After  a  time,  Frederick  became 
the  scene  of  his  labors,  and  here  he  began  a  church; 
but  in  1805  he  took  possession  of  Mount  St.  Mary's,  and 
reared  a  log  cabin,  which  was  soon  rej)laced  by  a  brick 
church.      Then    a    school    rose    beside    his    chapel    of    the 


EARLY  HISTORY.  47 

woods.  The  blessing  of  God  was  on  it,  and  it  grew, 
giving  priests  to  tlie  Cluu-ch  and  well-trained  citizens  to 
the  State.  Such  had  been  his  life  of  devotedness  to 
his  sacred  calling.  ^Making  the  visitation  of  his  diocese, 
he  fovmd  Catholics  where  he  was  led  to  expect  none; 
hundi-eds,  where  he  was  told  they  were  numbered  by 
tens.  Impressed  with  the  great  necessities  of  his  flock, 
he  went  to  Europe  to  solicit  aid.  He  endeavored  to 
give    his    people    chiu'ches,    priests,    schools. 

He  found  but  two  churches  in  New  York  City. 
Under  the  influence  of  his  zeal,  the  Catholic  faithful,  with 
their  wonted  devotion  and  liberality,  soon  reared  St.  Mary's, 
Clu'ist  Church,  St.  Joseph's,  St.  Nicholas,  St.  James,  and 
St.    Paul's    at    Harlem. 

Eminently  a  man  of  action.  Bishop  Du  Bois  was 
ipiick,  and,  to  some,  seemed  to  rule  with  too  strict  a 
hand ;  but  to  the  faithful  who  came  to  him  A\atli  their 
cares  and  solicitudes,  and  to  the  young  Avhom  he  loved 
to  instruct,  he  was  all  kindness  and  indidgence ;  con- 
soling, -winning,  impelling   all    to  virtue    and    sacrifice. 

But  liis  severe  labors  in  early  life,  with  the  burden 
of  the  episcopate,  told  on  his  constitution.  He  solicited 
a  coadjutor  from  the  Holy  See ;  and,  soon  after  the  ap- 
pointment of  Bishop  Hughes,  in  1837,  Dr.  Du  Bois  was 
struck  with  paralysis  while  walking  in  the  street.  From 
the  effects  of  this  he  never  fully  recovered,  and  by  the 
advice  and    wish    of    the    Sovereign    Pontiff,    resigned    the 


48  INTEODUCTION. 

administration  of  his  diocese  to  his  coadjutor.  He  passed 
liis  remaining  years  in  preparing  to  render  an  account 
of  a  Avell-spent  Hfe.  Bishop  Du  Bois  died  in  the  episcopal 
residence  at  New  York,  December  20,  1842,  full  of  years 
and  merits,  and  was  laid  beside  his  predecessor  beneath 
the    Cathedi'al. 


i 


ARCHBISHOPS  AND  BISHOPS  OF  NEW  YORK.  49 


MOST  REVEREND  JOHN  HUGHES,   D.P., 

FOURTH  BISHOP,  AND    FIRST  ARCHBISHOP   OF  NEW  YORK. 


THE  clergyman  selected  as  coadjutor  to  tlie  vener- 
able Bishop  Du  Bois,  was  one  of  his  old  pupils, 
who  had,  as  a  priest  of  Philadelphia,  evinced  not  only 
theological  learning,  hut  remarkable  dialectic  skill,  and  a 
deep  knowledge  of  the  time  and  country,  and  that  fitness 
for  governing  men  so  frequently  conspicuous  in  the  Nor- 
man-Irish race,  to  which,  like  Wellington  and  Palmerston, 
he  belonged. 

As  coadjutor,  bishop,  and  finally  archbishop  of  New 
York,  he  restored  the  true  polity  of  the  Church,  and  hj 
his  singular  tact  and  skill,  overcame  difficulties  and  put 
an  end  to  false  systems  that  had  baffled  others,  and 
seemed  to  many  ineradicable.  In  exposing  the  doctrines 
of  the  Church,  he  was  clear,  lucid,  and  timely.  When- 
ever any  question  of  the  day  aflPected  Catholic  interests, 
he  was  outspoken,  frank,  decisive,  and  vigorous.  To  our 
Protestant  countrymen,  he  was  the  great  representative 
of  Catholic  thought,  and  his  utterances,  copied  througli 
the   press  of  the   country,  were   read   by  men  of  all  creeds 

and   every   shade   of    political  opinion. 
4 


50  ,        ARCHBISHOPS  AND  BISHOPS 

What  Cfitholicity  in  New  York  owes  to  "  Bishop 
Hughes"  can  hardly  be  estimated.  He  taught  his  flock 
that  the  best  road  to  secure  the  respect  of  their  non- 
Cathohc  countrymen  was  to  be  sincerely  and  frankly  con- 
sistent, practical  Catholics;  and  as  American  citizens,  to 
assert  their  claim  to  all  rights  conferred  on  them  by  the 
Constitution,  while  showing  that  they  were  worthy  to  ex- 
ercise them. 

John  Hughes,  bom  at  Annalogan,  in  the  County 
Tyrone,  Ireland,  June  24th,  1707,  had  from  boyhood 
longed  and  prayed  to  God  to  be  allowed  to  become  a 
priest.  There  seemed  no  answer  to  the  prayer,  for  his 
brief  terms  at  a  grammar  school,  where  he  made  rapid 
progress  in  English  studies,  were  interrupted  and  broken 
off  by  the  necessity  for  his  helping  hand  on  liis  father's 
farm.  His  father's  emigration  to  America,  followed  by 
liis  own  in  1817,  opened  a  brighter  prosjiect  to  the  young 
man.  The  enticements  of  independence  in  the  New 
World  did  not  lure  liim  from  his  choice  of  the  sanctuary. 
As  soon  as  he  became  aware  of  the  character  of  Mount 
St.  Mary's,  he  applied  for  admission,  ready  to  enter  on 
any  terms,  or  undertake  any  position,  so  that  he  was 
allowed  to  study  for  the  priesthood.  There  was  no  posi- 
tion open  but  that  of  gardener.  With  characteristic  en- 
ergy, he  did  not  hesitate  a  moment,  and  began  his 
course    of    Latin   privately    amid    his    plants    and   floAvers. 

There    was    no    mistaking   his  vocation.      Dr.  Brute  en- 


OF  NEW  YORK.  51 

rolled  him  among  the  regular  scholars,  though  young 
Hughes  stoutly  held  to  his  agreement  hy  retaining  the 
superintendence  of  the  garden.  He  rapidly  passed  over 
the  usual  classical  and  mathematical  course,  to  tind  in 
philosoph}'  and  theolog}'  his  real  element.  As  teacher 
and  j^refect,  he  showed  coolness,  ability,  and  discretion ; 
making  himself  master  of  the  dispositions  and  capacity  of 
those   committed    to    his    charge. 

Even  before  his  ordination,  he  evinced  his  skill  in 
controversy  by  an  able  answer,  in  the  Catholic  Miscel- 
lamj  to  an  attack  on  the  CHiurch.  He  was  ordained  at 
Philadelphia,  in  St.  Joseph's,  the  oldest  Catholic  Church, 
October  15,  182G,  and  then  spent  some  time  with  the 
Rev.  Dr.  Hurley,  an  Augustiuian,  who  had  already  taken  a 
deep  interest  in  the  young  priest.  After  a  brief  pas- 
torate in  Bedford,  he  was  called  by  Bishop  Conwell  to  St. 
Joseph's,  Philadelphia,  and  was  for  a  time  at  St.  Mary's, 
during  the  sad  days  wliich  befell  that  Chm-ch.  His  elo- 
quence won  him  a  host  of  admirers,  and  his  judgment 
and  prudence  secm-ed  him  the  support  of  all.  One  of 
his  projects  was  a  Catholic  Tract  Society,  for  which  he 
wrote  the  extremely  jjopular  work,  "  Andrew  Dunn." 
He  founded  St.  John's  Asylum  for  Orphans,  and  was  ever 
ready  to  meet  attacks  on  religion  with  his  clear  and 
logical    answers. 

He  attended,  in  1829,  the  first  Provincial  Council 
held   in    this   country,  being   theologian    to    the  Administra- 


A.  LIBRARY       ^^^ 

^      MANHABSET.  N.  Y. 


52  ARCHBISHOPS  AND  BISHOPS 

tor  of  Pliiladelj)liia,  while  Bishop  Conwell,  at  Rome,  lU'ged 
liis  name  as  one  fitted  to  become  liis  coadjutor.  He 
erected  St.  John's  Chmx'h,  in  Philadeljihia,  which  was 
dedicated  in  1832,  and  soon  after  engaged  in  a  written  and 
afterwards  in  an  oral  controversy  with  the  Rev.  John  Breck- 
enridge,  dien  considered  the  ablest  advocate  of  the  Cal- 
vdnist  denomination  in  the  United  States.  The  consummate 
ability  of  Rev.  Mr.  Hughes,  in  presenting  the  Catholic 
argument,  with  telling  force,  was  felt  by  all,  and  by  no 
one  more  deeply  than  the  Rev.  Mr.  Breckenridge,  who, 
of  course,  claimed  the  victory,  but  who  found  that  he 
had    lost    all    his   prestige. 

On  the  recommendation  of  the  Baltimore  Council  of 
1837,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Hughes  was  selected  as  the  coadjutor 
to  the  venerable  Bishop  Du  Bois  of  New  York.  On  the 
26th  of  November  he  was  consecrated,  in  St.  Patrick's 
Cathedral,  New  York,  Bishop  of  Basileopolis,  m  x}artibus 
hifidcUum,  by  Bishop  Du  Bois,  assisted  by  Bishop  Fen- 
wick  of  Boston  and  Bishop  Kenrick  t)f  Philadelphia.  The 
care  of  the  diocese  soon  devolved  upon  him,  by  the  ill- 
ness of  the  venerable  Bishop,  and  he  at  once  appeared 
before    the     Catholic   body   as    their   leader. 

The  best  element  in  the  Church  at  once  rallied  around 
liim ;  the  rest  were  soon  conscious  that  anv  struffSfle 
would  be  too  unequal.  He  found  the  churches  in  the 
diocese  ill  administered  in  their  temporalities  and  loaded 
with    debt.     By  various   means  he  labored   to  rescue  them 


OF  NEW  YORK.  53 

fi'om  (lanrrer,  and  by  a  sounder  system  place  them  in  a 
healthy    and    prosperous    condition. 

Education  was  ever  dear  to  him.  A  college  begun 
by  Bishop  Du  Bois,  at  Nyack,  was  destroyed  by  fire  soon 
after  its  opening,  and  difficulties  had  prevented  any  new 
attempt ;  but,  in  1839,  Bishop  Hughes  secm-ed  a  fine 
property  at  Fordham,  and  established  St.  John's  College, 
which  has  continued  to  this  day  to  be  the  leading  Catho- 
lic   Universit}'    of  the    State. 

During  a  voyage  to  Europe,  in  wHch  he  secm-ed 
aid  for  liis  diocese  in  many  forms,  he  obtained  also 
several  Ladies  of  the  Sacred  Heart,  in  order  to  found 
an  academy  of  the  highest  grade  for  young  ladies ;  and 
their  institution,  originally  at  Astoria,  but  for  many  years 
back  at  i\Ianhattanville,  has  long  enjoyed  the  highest 
reputation   among   Protestants   as   well    as   Catholics. 

Dm'ing  liis  absence,  an  attempt  was  made  by  the 
Very  Rev.  Dr.  Power,  and  other  clergymen,  to  recover 
for  the  Catholic  parochial  schools  the  proportion  of  the 
education  money  which  had  for  many  years  been  allowed 
to  them.  The  school  question  was  before  the  pubhc 
when  he  returned.  Before  a  committee  of  the  Common 
Coimcil,  he,  by  a  most  brilliant  argument,  maintained 
the  justice  of  the  Catholic  claim,  against  great  lawyers 
retained  by  the  Public  School  Society,  and  distinguished 
clergymen  of  the  ]\Iethodist,  Presbyterian,  and  Dutch  Re- 
formed bodies.     The  Common  Coimcil  rejected  the  petition 


54  ARCHBISHOPS  AND  BISHOPS 

of  the  Catholics,  really  without  consideration  of  the  merits 
of    the    question. 

An  appeal  to  the  Legislatiu'e  led  to  a  less  prejudiced 
system  than  had  liitherto  ruled  New  York  City.  The 
great  defect  of  the  new  system  was  that  it  excluded  all 
i-eligion  from  the  public  schools.  But  much  was  gained 
in  regard  to  the  school-books  and  the  teaching.  What- 
ever may  be  the  errors  of  individuals,  a  Catholic  child 
cannot  legally  be  compelled  to  learn,  as  a  school-lesson, 
an  insult  to  his  religion,  or  anything  contrary  to  its 
teachings.  But  this  point  was  not  gained  without  an 
event  unparalleled  in  our  history.  The  candidates  of  the 
two  political  parties  then  dividing  the  countiy  pledged 
themselves,  if  elected,  to  oppose  the  Catholic  claim.  The 
Catholics,  who  met  at  Carroll  Hall  to  agitate  the  ques- 
tion, had  no  alternative  except  to  put  forward  candidates 
of  their  own.  The  Bishop's  action  drew  upon  him  the 
coarsest  vituperation  and  abuse.  But  the  Catholic  ticket 
polled  so  large  a  vote  as  to  show  party  leaders  that 
Catholic  citizens  were  not  blind  tools  in  their  hands,  but 
men   who    knew    their   rights. 

In  1841  Bishop  Hughes  convened  the  first  Diocesan 
Synod  of  New  York,  and  established  many  wise  rales 
which    bore    abundant   fruit   for   the    good    of  souls. 

Emigration  and  the  natm-al  growth  of  the  Catholic 
body  had  constantly  swelled  the  number  of  the  faithful ; 
churches    were    springing   up    in    all    parts    of   the    diocese. 


OF  NEW  YORK.  55 

and  there  was  an  urgent  demand  f(ir  priests.  Finding 
the  burden  too  great,  Ijishop  Hughes  obtained  a  coad- 
jutor in  the  person  of  tlie  Rt.  Rev.  Jolui  jMcCloskey. 
Tliat  tlie  native  American  agitation  and  outbreak  of  1844 
did  not  injure  New  York,  was  due  mainly  to  the  de- 
termined character  of  the  Bisliop  and  the  manHness  of 
his    flock. 

When  the  pubUc  mind  had  I'egained  its  usual  sanity, 
he  pursued  his  plan  of  increasing  the  efficiency  of  the 
Catholic  schools.  He  obtained  several  Fathers  of  the 
Society  of  Jesus,  in  1846,  and  endeavored  to  secure  a 
Commmiity  of  Brothers    devoted    to    teaching. 

Finding  that,  even  with  a  coadjutor,  it  ^\-as  impos- 
sible to  meet  the  wants  of  his  diocese,  he  solicited  from 
the  Sixth  Provincial  Council  of  Baltimore,  which  he  at- 
tended, a  division  of  liis  diocese.  The  Holy  See,  at  the 
request  of  the  assembled  Fathers,  accordingly  established 
the   Sees   of  Albany   and   Buffalo. 

War  was  then  raging  with  Mexico,  and  Government 
offered  to  Bishop  Hughes  a  diplomatic  appointment,  in 
the  hope  of  restoring  peace ;  but  as  the  position  would 
have  been  an  anomalous  one,  and  not  likely  to  be  pro- 
ductive   of  good,    it    was    declined. 

He  reorganized  the  Sisters  of  Charity  in  his  diocese, 
who  then  separated  from  the  Emmittsbm'g  Community ; 
and  they  have  since  prospered  in  a  way  to  justify  the 
wisdom    of  the    regulations   he    inspired. 


56  ARCHBISHOPS  AND  BISHOPS 

The  Provincial  Council  held  at  Baltimore  in  1849 
recommended  the  elevation  of  New  York  to  a  Metropol- 
itan See,  and  on  the  3d  of  October,  1850,  Pope  Pius 
IX.,  by  a  brief,  advanced  Dr.  Hughes  to  the  dignity  of 
an  archbishop.  The  step  was  follo^ved  by  the  establish- 
ment of  the  dioceses  of  Brooklyn  and  Newark,  leav- 
ing to  the  Archbishop  the  City  of  New  York  and  the 
counties  on  the  Hudson.  Under  his  care,  now  confined 
to  these,  religion  made  rapid  progress.  New  York  be- 
held a  Provincial  Council  of  the  Chm-ch  assemble  in  its 
venerable  cathedi-al ;  an  Ai'chbishop  surrounded  by  seven 
suffragans.  The  proceedings  were,  in  their  magnificence, 
a  striking  proof  of  what  had  been  accomplished  dm-ing 
his  episcopate. 

Archbishop  Hughes  was  one  of  the  Fathers  Avho 
stood  aroimd  the  immortal  Pope  Pius  IX.  when  he  de- 
fined the  dogma  of  the  Immaculate  Conception,  December 
8,  1854.  He  was  deeply  impressed  by  that  grand  gath- 
ering of  the  Catholic  episcopate,  and  on  his  return,  by 
his  eloquent  portrayal  of  the  dogma  and  its  definition, 
as  well  as  the  universal  testimony  to  the  belief  of  the 
world,  aroused  anew  the  piety  of  the  Catholics  of  New 
York. 

The  old  Protestant  alarm  was  excited.  The  Catholic 
Church  was  increasing  too  fast.  Erastus  Brooks  opened 
the  attack,  and  though  the  Archbishop  exposed  the  fallacy 
of    his    statements    and   arguments,    the    Legislature    passed 


OF  NEW  YORK.  57 

an  act  —  unconstitutional,  of  coui'se  —  by  virtue  of  wliicli, 
in  more  than  one  case,  property  bought  by  the  iVrch- 
bishop  at  a  judicial  sale,  and  paid  for  by  him,  would 
be  given  back  without  any  consideration  to  the  very 
parties  whose  interest  had  been  sold  by  order  of  a  court 
of  law.  The  absurd  act  ^vas  soon  repealed,  as  may  well 
be   imagined. 

Ai'chbishop  Hughes  sought  to  resign  his  liigh  office 
and  spend  the  rest  of  his  days  in  retu-ement ;  but  the 
Pope  waraily  dissuaded  him  from  such  a  step,  and  he 
bore  the  bm-den  to  the  end.  He  had  long  felt  that 
New  York  shoiild  possess  a  cathedral  worthy  of  the  faith, 
and  of  the  great  city.  Providentially,  the  trustees  of  St. 
Patrick's  Cathedral  possessed  a  block  of  groimd  sold  by 
the  Corporation  of  New  York  nearly  a  centm-y  ago,  and 
more  than  fifty  years  since,  occupied  for  a  time  by  a 
Catholic  college.  The  street  on  which  it  fronted  —  Fifth 
Avenue  —  had  become  the  most  desii-able  one  in  New  York. 
On  this  he  resolved  to  commence  a  cathedi-al  so  grand 
that  the  plans  called  for  three-f{uarters  of  a  million  of  dol- 
lars. He  laid  the  comer-stone  in  1858,  with  great  pomp, 
and  adopted  the  plans  di-awn  up  by  Mr.  Ren^ick  for 
the  edifice.  He  aroused  the  zeal  of  the  wealthier  Cath- 
olics to  carry  on  so  noble  a  work,  and  contributions 
came  freely  in,  till  the  outbreak  of  the  ci^-il  war  para- 
lyzed  the    coimtry. 

Tlie    new     Cathedi-al,     however,    did    not     di-aw     from 


58  AECHBISHOPS  AND  BISHOPS 

other  and  necessary  claims.  Religion  and  charity  were 
never  more  earnestly  attended  to,  and  in  the  trials  which 
began  to  gather  around  the  Holy  Father,  the  voice  and 
exertions  of"  Archbishop  Hughes  were  prompt  and  decisive. 
Sympathy  and  material    aid    were    alike    afforded. 

The  civil  war  induced  the  Govermiient  at  Washington 
for  a  second  time  to  iu*ge  on  Ai-chbishop  Hughes  a  quasi 
diplomatic  mission.  Tl>e  existence  of  the  country,  to  whose 
well-being  he  had  given  his  manhood  and  his  talents, 
was  imperiled.  He  ^dsited  Em'ope,  and  did  much  to 
cultivate    a   friendly   feeling   towards    the    United    States. 

During  his  stay  in  Europe,  he  took  part  in  the  as- 
semblage of  the  bishops  at  Rome,  on  the  occasion  of  the 
canonization  of  the  Japanese  martyrs.  His  health  was, 
however,  much  impaired.  It  declined  after  liis  return ; 
and  he  was  unable  to  perform  any  public  functions,  or 
even  say  mass.  The  disease  gradually  prostrated  him, 
and   he    expired    on    the    3d   of  January,    1864. 

He  was  eminentlv  a  great  man.  None,  not  even 
Bishop  England,  ever  exercised  such  influence  over  Ms 
own  countrymen,  and  Catholics  generally  throughout  the 
United  States ;  and  that  influence  was  never  exerted  for 
his  own  aggrandizement,  but  unselfishly  for  their  best 
interests. 


OF  NEW  YORK.  59 


HIS  EMINENCE    JOHN    CARDINAL  McCLOSKEY, 

FIRST  BISHOP  OF  ALBANY,  SECOND  ARCHBISHOP  OF  NEW  YORK, 

CARDINAL  PRIEST  OF  THE  HOLY  ROMAN  CHURCH, 

UNDER  THE  TITLE  OF  SANCTA  MARIA 

SUPRA  MINERVAM. 


THE  Church  of  New  York,  orphaned  by  the  death 
of  the  ilhistrloiis  Archbishop  Hughes,  was  now 
for  the  first  time  couiniitted,  in  the  providence  of  God, 
to  one  born  witliin  the  diocese  —  born  when  that  diocese, 
embracing  more  than  the  whole  State,  had  but  two 
churches.  His  hfe  may  ahnost  span  the  rise  and  progress 
of    the    Catliohc    comnnniity    in    the    Empire    State. 

Born  in  Brooklyn,  March  10,  1810,  the  young  son 
of  two  emigrants  from  Derry  Avas  carried  over  to  St. 
Peter's  Church,  to  receive  the  waters  of  baptism ;  for 
Brooklvn  had  then  no  clnu-ch  and  no  priest  to  baptize 
the  future  cardinal.  As  a  boy,  he  crossed  the  river  in 
a  row-boat  on  Sunday,  to  hear  mass  in  St.  Peter's.  At 
the  age  of  twehe  he  was  sent  to  Mount  St.  Mar}''s,  that 
hive  of  priests,  and,  after  a  seven  years'  studious  course, 
was   graduated. 

He    returned    to    his    widowed    mother,     and     debated 


60  ARCHBISnOPS  AND  BISHOPS 

with  his  own  heart  the  great  question  of  a  choice  of 
state.  The  well-trained  young  American  youth  had  tal- 
ents and  energy  to  command  success.  The  world  lay 
tempting  before  liim ;  but  he  resolved  to  devote  his  life 
to  the  service  of  God,  and  returned  to  Mount  St.  Mary's, 
where  the  President  welcomed,  as  a  seminarian,  the  grad- 
uate   whom    he   knew    so    well. 

He  was  ordained  priest  in  St.  Patrick's  Cathedi-al,  New 
York,  January  12,  1834,  but  2:)roceeded  to  Rome,  where 
for  two  years  he  attended  the  lectures  at  the  Roman 
College.  With  the  ecclesiastical  lore  thus  acquired,  and 
an  insight  into  the  management  of  the  great  affairs  of 
the  Chm-ch  in  its  capital,  winning  friends  among  those 
then  in  office  and  among  students  soon  to  exercise  high 
functions,  the  young  American  priest  was  a  type  that 
refuted  the  wild  ideas  of  this  country  jjrevalent  iu  Eu- 
rope. 

A  tour  tlu"0ugh  several  countries  added  to  his  expe- 
rience, and  on  his  retm-n,  in  1838,  he  was  appointed 
pastor  of  St.  Joseph's  Chm-ch,  New  York.  Here  he  be- 
came singularly  beloved;  and,  when,  in  1842,  he  was 
named  Rector  of  the  Theological  Seminary,  his  congrega- 
tion felt  the  deepest  anxiety.  But  they  were  soon  to  lose 
him.  He  was  selected  as  coadjutor  to  Archbishop  Hughes  ; 
and  when  lie  was  consecrated,  in  St.  Patrick's  Cathedi-al, 
March  10,  1844,  the  venerable  Dr.  Power  —  who  had  him- 
self more  than  once  administered  the  diocese,  and  was    no 


OF  NEW  YORK.  61 

liiitterer  —  declMrcd,  in  liis  sermon,  addressing  the  newly- 
consecrated  l)isli()p,  that,  had  the  selection  been  left  to  the 
clergy   of  the   diocese,  they    Avould  have   chosen   hhu. 

For  three  years  Bishop  McCloskey  continued  to  re- 
side at  St.  Joseph's,  discharging  nnich  of  the  episcopal 
duty  in  regard  to  the  general  and  special  -sasitation  of 
parishes  in  distant  parts  of  the  State.  AVlien  the  Dio- 
cese of  New  York  w^as  di\'ided,  he  was  translated  to 
the    See    of  Albany,    in    May,    1847. 

The  oriranization  of  that  diocese,  and  its  harmonious 
and  successful  progi-ess,  prove  how  well,  for  seventeen 
years,  he  directed  it  in  the  way  of  God.  He  found 
much  to  be  done ;  but,  \inder  his  gentle  yet  persever- 
ing energy,  schools,  academies,  asylums,  and  clnirches, 
sprang  up  in  all  parts.  The  neglected  and  negligent  were 
gathered  in;  congregations,  by  the  help  of  zealous  priests, 
gained  new  fervor,  and  a  Catholic  life,  subtle  in  its  power, 
pervaded   liis   w^hole   flock. 

On  the  death  of  Archbishop  Hughes,  the  voice  of  the 
bishops  of  the  province  coincided  with  the  wish  of  the 
deceased,  and  the  desire  of  the  clergy,  expressed  yeais 
before  and  still  unchanged,  although  so  long  a  time  had 
passed.  He  returned  to  New  York  as  its  second  arch- 
bishop. What  he  has  accomplished  is  too  well  known 
to  need  detailing  here  at  length.  Under  his  care,  the 
Catholic  Protectory,  fur  the  rescue  of  unfortunate  childi'en 
from    vice,    has    grown    to    be    an    immense    organization, 


62  ARCHBISHOPS  AND  BISHOPS 

without  an  equal  in  the  country ;  as  great  a  blessing  to 
the    State    as    it   is    iin   honor   to   the    Church. 

Archbishop  McCloskey,  as  soon  as  peace  dawned 
again  on  the  land,  resumed  the  work  on  the  new  Cathe- 
di'al,  and  has  lived  to  see  its  completion.  He  earn- 
estly encouraged  the  erection  of  new  chmxhes  in  his 
diocese,  and  especially  in  this  city,  in  order  to  divide 
the  labor  which  had  outgrown  the  capacity  of  the  paro- 
chial clergy.  His  learning  and  zeal  benefited  the  whole 
Church  in  this  country,  by  his  influence  in  the  second 
Plenary  Council,  held  at  Baltimore  in  18(56,  Avhere  so 
much  was  accomplished  to  form  a  distinct  code  of  doc- 
trine and  discipline  for  use  in  the  numerous  dioceses 
now    covering   the    country. 

These  decrees,  with  those  of  the  Councils  held  in 
the  Province  of  New  York,  he  solemnly  promulgated  as 
the  law  of  his  diocese,  in  a  Synod  held  at  New  York 
in  September,  1868;  and  special  rules  were  laid  down 
regarding  the  administration  of  the  sacraments,  the  cele- 
bration of  the  Holy  Sacrifice,  and  all  that  coidd  lend 
dignity  to  the  Avorship  of  God.  Ho  earnestly  recom- 
mended liis  clergy  to  arouse  piety  by  frequent  missions 
and   the    diffusion    of  good    books. 

The  Ai-chbishop  of  New  York  was  soon  called  to 
more  conspicuous  labors.  In  the  Council  of  the  Vati- 
can, convened  by  the  Sovereign  Pontiff  Pope  Pius  IX., 
on  the  8th  of  December,  1869  —  the  fii-st  General  Council 


OF  NEW  YORK.  (53 

of  the  Cliurch  since  the  close  of  thut  hehl  at  Treat  — 
Arclibisliop  McCloske}'  was  a  proniiiieut  figure,  no  less 
respected  for  his  great  ecclesiastical  learning,  and  the 
matured  experience  of  a  long  episcopate,  than  for  the 
mild  and  gentle  firmness  in  upholding  the  truth  that  al- 
ways   characterized   him. 

Tlie  seizure  of  Eome  by  Victor  Emanuel  made  the  reas- 
sembling of  the  Council  for  the  time  impossible,  and  Arch- 
bishop McCloskey  was  again  amid  his  flock,  guiding  them,  in 
his  peaceful  and  quiet  way,  to  the  haven  of  eternal  life. 

Tlie  Catholic  Chm-ch  in  the  United  States  had  erown 
during  the  pontificate  of  Pius  IX.  to  magnificent  propor- 
tions. Her  archbishops  and  bishops  had,  in  the  Council 
of  the  Vatican,  evinced  learning,  devotion  to  the  Church, 
a  freedom  in  the  expression  of  their  theological  opinions, 
which  attested  alike  their  sincerity  and  the  perfect  free- 
dom of  debate.  It  was  no  wonder,  then,  that  this  new- 
bora  Church,  with  its  hierarchy  less  than  a  centmy  old, 
attracted  the  attention  of  the  whole  Catholic  world. 
To  manifest  his  regard  for  the  Chm"ch  in  the  United  States, 
which  had  ever  been  so .  grateful  to  him  —  and  outspoken 
in  its  attachment,  and  liberal  in  his  hour  of  need  —  the 
immortal  Pope  Pius  IX.  resolved  to  call  one  of  the 
bishops    to    a    place    in    the    Sacred    College. 

There  was  universal  joy  when  it  was  known  that, 
in  the  Consistory  held  March  15,  1875,  the  Holy  Father 
had    created   Archbishop    McCloskey   a   Cardinal    Priest    of 


CA  ARCHBISHOPS  AND  BISHOPS 

the  Holy  Roman  Church.  Announcing  tliis  promotion  in 
his  joui'nal  at  Rome,  the  able  and  eloquent  Monsignor 
Nardi    wi-ote : — 

Among  the  prelates  about  to  be  promoted  to  the  pm'ple, 
Pius  IX.  has  given  a  new  example  in  selecting  for  that  honor 
an  American  prelate.  We  need  not  say  here  anything  in 
praise  of  Mgr.  McCloskey.  There  is  no  American  Catholic 
who  does  not  know  him.  After  performing  \^■ith  wisdom  and 
meekness  his  duties  over  the  Diocese  of  Albany  he  was  trans- 
ferred to  New  York,  first  as  coadjutor  and  then  as  successor  to 
the  illustrious  Archbishop  Hughes,  who  left  behind  him  a  great 
and  beavitiful  memory.  In  the  ten  years  which  Archbishop 
McCloskey  has  governed  this  diocese — the  most  im])ortant  in 
the  United  States  —  he  has  invigorated  and  strengthened 
Catholic  institutions,  has  almost  completed  a  magnificent  ca- 
thedral, which  will  be  the  most  beautiful  in  America,  and  has 
won  for  himself  the  esteem  and  the  lo^'e  of  all.  It  is  just, 
therefore,  that  such  an  honor  should  be  bestowed  upon  him. 

But  not  only  Archbishop  McCloskey  is  it  that  the  Holy 
Father  thus  seeks  to  honor  In  the  elevation  to  the  greatest 
dignity  of  the  Cliurch,  he  intends,  certainly,  first  and  foremost, 
to  reward  him ;  but  none  the  less  likewise  to  honor  the  great, 
generoiis,  and  faithful  Catholics  of  America. 

The  insignia  of  his  high  dignity  were  at  once  sent, 
and,  for  the  first  time  in  the  history  of  the  Chiu-ch,  the 
emblems  of  the  cardinalate  were   borne  across  the  Atlantic. 

On  tlie  7th  of  April,  1875,  Comit  Marefoschi,  of  the 
Pope's  Noble  Guard,  in  his  brilliant  unift)rm,  presented  to 
Ai-chbishop  McCloskey,  at  liis  residence  in  Madison  Avenue, 


OF  NEW  YORK.  65 

a  letter  from  Ciirdinal  Antonelli,  aud  a  case  containing 
the  zuccetto,  or  sknll-cap,  addressing  him  an  elegant  fe- 
licitation in  Latin.  The  Cardinal  responded,  in  the  same 
language,  and  then  Monsignor  Roncetti,  the  Papal  ab- 
legate, entered  with  his  secretary.  Dr.  Ubaldi,  and,  address- 
ing his  Eminence  in  French,  congi'atulated  him  and  the 
Catholics  of  America,  whom  the  Holy  Father  wished  to 
honor  by  this  appointment.  He  asked  Cardinal  McCloskey 
to  fix  a  day  for  the  formal  presentation  of  the  berretta. 

On  the  22nd  of  April,  1875,  this  ceremony  took  place 
in  St.  Patrick's  Cathedi'al.  The  clun-ch  had  never  before 
witnessed  its  equal.  The  sanctuary  was  di'aped  in  scarlet, 
and  filled  with  members  of  the  Catholic  hierarchy  of  the 
United  States ;  their  rich  mitres  and  copes  contrasting 
with  the  gay  uniform  of  C-ount  Marefoschi ;  priests  filled 
the  nave,  wliile  the  pews  revealed  persons  of  distinction 
in  every  path  of  life  —  tlie  brilliant,  the  accomplished,  the 
wealthy;  those  moving  in  the  higher  and  more  Immble 
walks  of  life  —  all  animated  by  a  feeling  of  respect  for 
the    Cardinal,    and   of  gratitude   to    Pope    Pius    IX. 

The  Cardinal  was  seated  on  his  tlu'one,  calm  and 
gentle,  as  is  his  wont.  Opposite,  nlmost  surrounded  by 
flowers,  was  Archbishop  Bayley  of  Baltimore,  who,  as 
holding  the  most  ancient  see  with  almost  primatial  honors, 
was   to   impose    the   ben-etta  on   the  head    of  the    Cardinal. 

After   a   Pontifical    High   Mass,  celebrated    l)y    Bishop 

Loughlin    of  Brooklyn,    Cardinal    McCloskey    advanced    to 
5 


66 


AllCHBISHOPS  AND  BISHOPS 


the  gospel  side  of  the  altar.  Archbishop  Bayley  arose, 
and  took  a  position  in  front  of  the  altar.  Dr.  Ubaldi 
then  received  from  Count  Marefoschi  a  parchment  roll, 
from  which  he  read  to  the  Archbishop  of  Baltimore  his 
authority  to  confer  the  beiTetta ;  foUo^ving  it  by  the  reading 
of  a  second  roll  to  Cardinal  McCloskey.  After  these  official 
documents,  Monsignor  Roncetti  addressed  the  Cardinal,  and 
then  approached  Archbishoji  Bayley,  who  had  been  ap- 
pointed Apostolic  Delegate.  After  replying  to  the  ablegate, 
the  Archbishop  of  Baltimore  addressed  Cardinal  McCloskey 
as    follows  : — 

Your  Eminence  —  Our  Holy  Father  the  Pope  has  con- 
ferred upon  me  a  great  honor  in  appointing  me  Apostolic 
Delegate  to  give  to  your  Eminence  this  mark  of  the  eminent 
dignity  to  which  you  have  been  raised,  and  I  value  it  the  more 
because  it  affords  me  an  opportunity  of  exjjressing  publicly 
my  sentiment  of  affection  and  veneration  towards  your  per- 
son and  charactei'.  There  were  rimiors  in  times  gone  by  that 
it  was  contemplated  to  bestow  this  honor  upon  certain  eminent 
prelates,  and  especially  upon  yom*  distinguished  predecessor, 
to  whom  the  Catholics  of  these  United  States  owe  so  great  a 
debt  of  gratitude.  It  is  an  honor,  I  may  say  it  now,  which  we 
had  in  some  manner  a  right  to  expect,  on  account  of  the  number 
of  Catholics  and  the  importance  of  the  Catholic  Chm-ch  in  the 
United  States.  We  had  a  right  to  exj^ect  it  also  on  account  of 
the  greatness  of  oiu*  country ;  the  position  it  occupies  among 
the  nations  of  the  earth,  and  the  infliience  it  is  to  exert  over  the 
future  destinies  of  the  human  race.  It  was  right  and  proper 
also  that  we  should  have  a  representative  among  the  intimate 


OF  NEW  YOKK.  gT 

councilors  of  tlio  Holy  Father.  There  is  nothing  anomalous 
or  contrary  to  the  principle  of  our  Republic  that  we  should  have 
in  oiu'  midst  a  Cardinal  of  the  Holy  Church,  and  we  are  con- 
fident that  your  appointment  will  continue  to  be  regarded,  as 
it  is  now  regarded,  a  new  element  of  strength  and  harmony  to 
all.  We  congratulate  your  Eminence  on  your  appointment 
to  so  high  an  office.  It  will  increase  your  cares  and  responsi- 
bilities, but  it  will  also  inci-ease  your  means  of  usefulness  as 
an  honored  citizen  of  the  Republic  and  a  faithful  bishoj)  of 
the  Chm-ch  of  God,  and  it  will  give  new  brightness  to  the 
crovni  of  glory  which  God,  the  righteous  Judge,  will  bestow 
upon  you  on  that  day  when  He  will  render  to  every  one  ac- 
cording to  his  works. 

He  then  took  the  beiTetta  from  the  salver,  and,  ad- 
vancing to  Cardinal  McCloskey,  placed  it  on  his  head. 
The  new  Cardinal's  return  of  thanks  to  Archbishop  Bayley, 
and  a  beautiful  address  to  the  people,  followed  by  a  Te 
Deum,    closed   the   remarkable    ceremony. 

His  singular  elevation  made  no  change  in  the  life 
or  duties  of  the  Cardinal.  He  soon  after  Agisted  Rome, 
where  other  ceremonies  of  usage  fctlloA\ed,  and  he  for- 
mally took  possession  of  the  Church  of  Santa  Maria 
sopra   Minerva,    of  which    he    bears   the    title. 

On  the  death  of  the  great  Pope,  Cardinal  McCloskey 
was  STunmoned  to  the  Conclave,  and  crossed  the  ocean ; 
but  the  voice  of  the  Sacred  College  had,  guided  by  the 
Holy  Ghost,  selected  a  Sovereign  Pontiff  in  the  person 
of  Pope   Leo   XIII.   before   he   reached    Rome.       He   pro- 


68  AECHBISHOrS  AND  BISHOPS 

ceeded  to  the  Etcriuil  City  to  pay  liomag-e  to  the  new 
Pope,  and  from  his  hands  received  the  Cardinal's  Hat  — 
the   List    ceremonial    connected   with   liis    appointment. 

His  return  to  his  diocese  was  marked  by  a  most 
imposing  reception  in  the  Catliedi-al,  on  the  29th  of  May, 
1878. 

After  the  chanting  of  the  anthem,  Ecce  Sacerdos 
Magnus,  the  Vicar  General,  in  the  name  of  the  clerg}^  of 
his  diocese,  read  an  addi-ess  of  congratulation  most  appro- 
priate in  feeling  and  language.  The  Hon.  John  McKeon, 
in  the  name  of  the  laity,  then  addressed  his  Eminence, 
and  his  words  may  well  close  this  sketch,  as  the  sincere 
feeling  of  his    whole    diocese:  — 

YouE  Eminence — To  me  has  been  assigned  the  gratifying 
duty  of  presenting  to  you,  on  behalf  of  the  Catholic  laity  of 
this  city  and  diocese,  their  congi'atulations  on  yom*  safe  return 
from  the  Eternal  City.  Many  more  worthy  than  myself 
might  have  been  selected  for  tliis  honorable  position,  but  you 
will  permit  me  to  say  none  could  perform  it  with  more  sincere 
affection  toward  yourself  personally.  It  is  difficult  to  express 
the  deep-seated  reverence  and  love  which  are  entertained  for 
you  by  the  large  and  faithful  flock  committed  to  your  pastoral 
care,  and  you  can  well  understand  how  embarrassed  any  indi- 
vidual must  be,  as  the  organ  of  such  a  body,  in  giving 
expression  to  their  feelings.  Born  in  our  midst,  your  course 
in  life  from  childhood  has  been  before  us.  It  has  been 
conspicuously  marked  with  piety  and  zeal.  You  have 
discharged  "with  meek  and  quiet  spirit,"  but  with  an  Impress- 
ive efficiency,    the  functions  of  yom-  sacred  office  as  priest. 


OF  NEW  YORK.  69 

bishop,  archbishop,  and  at  hist  cardinal,  in  such  manner  as 
to  seciu-e  the  affection  and  veneration  of  not  only  the  peopU; 
of  your  own  flock,  but  also  the  admiration  and  esteem  of  those 
who  differ  from  you  in  religious  faith.  Clu-istian  charit}'  has 
been  uniformly  developed  in  all  your  acts.  We  all  know  that 
under  your  administration  new  temples  have  been  erected  to 
the  ever-living-  God,  and  our  seminaries  of  learning  have  been 
increased  in  number.  Homes  for  the  rescue  of  the  young  from 
destruction,  refuges  for  the  comfort  of  the  old  and  hospitals  f  n* 
the  sick,  have  also  been  organized.  In  a  word,  numerous 
works  of  religion,  benevolence,  and  mercy  stand  forth  as  monu- 
ments of  yoiu"  devotion  to  the  cause  of  Catholicity.  With 
your  kind  permission,  they  are  referi'ed  to  solely  for  the  pm-- 
pose  of  expressing  to  you  the  sincere  gratitude  of  the  people 
intrusted  to  yom*  care  for  this  yom*  holy  work. 

To  Pius  IX.  of  inunortal  memory  the  Catholic  laity  of 
this  diocese  are  indebted  for  having  selected  you  as  one  of  the 
princes  of  the  Chm-ch.  Wlien  the  news  of  the  death  of  this 
great  Pontiff  reached  us,  the  son-ow  of  the  Catholics  of  your 
diocese  was  deep  and  sincere.  They  remembered  the  higli 
distinction  confeiTcd  upon  them  by  his  selection  of  yourself  as 
one  of  his  Ecclesiastical  Senate — that  body  to  whom  the 
Supreme  Pontiff  may  have  recom'se  for  advice  in  the  exercise 
of  his  holy  office,  and  upon  whose  demise  rests  the  responsi- 
bility of  selecting  his  successor.  From  the  earliest  ages  this 
sacred  council  has  been  composed  of  those  who  have  attained 
a  character  for  those  qualities  befitting  the  office.  They  were, 
in  the  language  of  one  of  the  earliest  of  the  Popes,  to  be  dis- 
tino-uished  men,  their  morals  unimpeachable,  their  words 
oracles,  their  expressions  a  rule  of  hfe  and  of  thought  to 
others— the  salt  of  the  earth.     The  Council  of  Trent  directed 


70  ARCHBISHOPS  AND  BISHOPS 

that  the  cardinals  sliould  be  selected,  as  far  as  possible,  from 
all  nations.  The  result  is  that  by  this  system  of  selection  the 
great  and  holy  office  of  chief  of  the  great  Clmstian  Republic 
is  open  to  the  humblest  as  well  as  the  most  exalted  of  man- 
kind. Nothing  could  have  been  more  touching  than  the 
appeal  made  by  the  present  Pontiff,  Leo  XIIL,  in  his  address 
to  the  College  of  Cardinals,  on  his  election,  when  he  told  them 
that  they  hold  in  the  Church  the  place  of  the  Seventy  of 
Israel ;  and  that  he  luimbly  besought  their  prayers  and  co- 
operation in  his  exhausting  labors. 

It  was  too  a  conclave  of  this  Sacred  College  you  were 
summoned  to  attend  to  elect  a  successor  of  the  late  Pontiff". 
While  we  regret  that  you  were  unable  to  arrive  in  time  at  the 
Vatican  to  give  expression  to  your  choice,  we  still  rejoice  that 
you  had  the  happiness  of  being  present  at  the  installation  of 
the  present  Pope,  and  heard  his  declaration  of  the  deej)  sense 
he  felt  of  the  solemn  obligations  assumed  by  liim,  but  yet  with 
a  spirit  filled  with  undying  faith  in  brighter  days  for  the  Holy 
Chm'ch. 

The  unanimity  with  Avhich  the  selection  was  made  of  the 
distinguished  prelate  who  was  chosen,  shows  that  the  spirit  of 
the  Holy  Ghost  directed  the  counsels  of  those  on  whom 
responsibility  rested. 

We  all  are  conscious  that  the  period  in  which  Leo  XIIL 
assumes  his  charge  is  but  a  continuation  of  the  perilous  scenes 
tlu-ough  wliich  his  predecessor  passed.  It  is  one  fraught  with 
deep  anxiety ;  but  the  present  Supreme  Pontiff  wiU  be  found 
possessed  of  that  wisdom  and  tnie  religion  which  must 
advance  and  protect  the  unity  and  efficiency  of  the  Catholic 
Chm-ch  tlu-oughout  the  world.  May  we  not  hope  that  the  day 
is  not  far  distant  when  they  who  are  disaffected  toward  religion 


OF  NEW  YORK.  7I 

will  learn  from  the  example  of  ovir  own  country,  that  the  peace 
and  prosperity  of  nations  are  best  promoted  h}'  governments 
leaving  the  exercise  of  religion — the  ministi-ations  of  its  rights 
and  every  matter  appertaining  thereto — free  and  untrammeled 
by  governmental  interference  1 

For  us,  jonv  childi'en,  it  is  a  satisfaction  to  know  that  at 
the  first  Consistor}'  held  by  Leo  XIII.  you  had  the  privilege 
of  receiving  at  his  hands  the  cardinal's  hat,  the  emblem  of  the 
great  dignity  confen-ed  on  you  b)'  his  predecessor.  To  you 
beloners  the  distinction  of  being  the  first  cardinal  selected  for 
the  American  continent.  It  Is  also  consoling  to  the  laity  to 
know  that  you  had  the  opportunity  of  informing  the  Holy 
Father  of  the  prosperity  and  wonderful  increase  of  the  Cath- 
olic foith  in  the  United  States,  to  make  known  to  lum  our 
peculiar  wants,  and  to  assure  him  of  the  undying  devotion  and 
loyalty  of  the  Catholics  of  this  country  to  him  as  the  spiritual 
Head  of  the  Chm-ch. 

Once  more  in  the  name  of  your  people  we  offer  our  hearty 
welcome  on  your  retm-n  to  your  home  in  renewed  health,  and 
Ave  pray  that  yoiu*  life  may  be  spared  to  continue  your  labors, 
to  enjoy  the  respect  and  love  of  all,  and  to  stand  forth  as  the 
ornament,  the  honor,  and  glor}'  of  the  Chm"ch. 


72 


PASTOEAL  LETTEE. 


PASTORAL    LETTER, 

DEDICATING  THE   CHUKCHES   OF  THE   PROVINCE  OF  NEW  YORK 

TO    THE 

SACRED  HEART  OF  JESUS. 


Venerable  Brethren  of  the   Ckrgy  and  Beloved  Brethren  of  the  Laity  : 

Wishing  to .  have  part  with  our  bretliren  of  the  epis- 
copacy in  the  propagation  of  a  pious  and  sakitary  work, 
and  to  make  you  sharers  in  the  many  spiritual  privi- 
leges and  blessings  which  it  brings  with  it,  we  have  re- 
solved, with  the  Divine  assistance,  to  dedicate  our  re- 
spective dioceses,  together  with  all  their  churches,  religious 
houses,  charitable  and  educational  institutions,  collectively 
and  singly,  to  the  Most  Sacred  Heart  of  Jesus.  And  we 
have  appointed  accordingly,  the  approaching  feast  of  the 
Immaculate  Conception,  the  great  patronal  festival  of  the 
Church  in  these  United  States,  as  the  day  on  which  this 
solenm   act    of   consecration    shall    take   place. 

We  feel  sure  that  you  will  welcome  this  announce- 
ment with  sincerest  pleasure.  For  in  the  gloomy  and  per- 
ilous times  upon  which  we  have  f;xllen,  every  new  ray 
of  light,  every  fresh  gleam  of  hope,  every  additional 
source  of  strength  and  courage,  is  hailed  with  jo}'.  Tin's 
better   light   and   hope,    this    additional    strength    and    com-- 


DEDICATION  OF  THE  CHURCHES.  73 

age,  will  be  given  to  you  in  the  efficacious  and  beautiful 
devotion  to  the  Sacred  Heart  which  it  is  the  object  of 
this    act    of  consecration    to    promote. 

There  is  a  moral  darkness  overspreading  tlie  earth. 
The  light  of  Divine  Faith,  the  only  true  light  to  guide 
our  footsteps,  has  become  obscured.  In  some  places  it  is 
burning  dimly,  in  others  it  is  wholly  or  well-nigh  ex- 
tinguished. Yet  men  are  seen  to  "  love  the  darkness 
rather  than  the  light,  for  their  ways  are  evil."  They 
have  risen  in  open  revolt  against  God  and  against  His 
Christ ;  against  the  supremacy  of  His  dominion  over  the 
minds  and  consciences  of  individuals  and  of  nations.  The 
most  essential  truths  of  His  revelation  are  rejected ;  the 
holiest  mysteries  of  His  religion  are  scoffed  at  and  denied  ; 
the  very  life  of  Clu-istianity  is  threatened.  Irreligion,  in- 
differentism,  inibelief,  with  their  attendant  train  of  evils, 
abound  on  every  side.  As  a  consequence,  or  rather  as 
a  means  to  an  end,  the  Church  is  persecuted.  Her 
Supreme  Pastor  is  held  in  l)ondage.  Her  bishops  and 
priests,  in  certain  250'"tions  of  Europe,  are  forbidden  the 
exercise  of  their  rightfvd  jurisdiction  and  authority  over 
the  members  of  their  own  flock ;  some  are  proscribed 
and  exiled ;  religious  comnuniities  are  despoiled  of  their 
property,  driven  from  their  homes,  made  subject  to  in- 
dignities and  hardships  the  most  cruel  and  unjust.  Even 
the  faithful  laity  are  not  spared.  Although  we,  in  our 
free     and     favored     country,     are     hajjpil}'    protected     from 


74 


PASTORAL  LETTER. 


extreme  trials  such  as  these,  still,  as  children  of  the 
Church,  we  are  members  of  one  body  in  Christ;  and 
when  one  member  suffers  all  the  members  suffer  with  it. 
Our  sympathies,  therefore,  go  out  strongly  and  warmly 
to  oiu'  struggling  and  afflicted  brethren  in  other  lands. 
Our  prayers  are  for  them  as  well  as  with  them.  All 
together  we  lift  up  our  voices,  saying,  "  How  long,  0 
Lord,  how  long!"  "Thy  arm  alone  is  powerful  to  save." 
Still  we  fear  not,  we  do  not  despond.  We  "know  in 
whom  we  have  trusted."  We  know  His  promises ;  we 
believe  His  word.  "  I  am  with  you  all  days."  "  Upon 
this  rock  I  have  built  My  Church,  and  the  gates  of  hell 
shall  not  prevail  against  it."  Even  now  the  voice  of 
the  same  Divine  ]\Iaster,  ever  present  in  His  Church,  is 
speaking  to  holy  souls  within  her  bosom  words  of  sweet 
comfort  and  encouragement;  telling  them  whither  they 
shall  go  for  help  and  jjrotection ;  how  best  in  the  long 
protracted  struggle  they  may  obtain  courage  to  endure 
and  strength  to  overcome.  If  you  hear  not  these  words, 
you  still  may  learn  their  imj)ort  from  a  practical  re- 
sponse that  is  given  to  them.  Look  around  you,  and 
what  do  you  behold  1  Almost  everywhere  you  see  bishops 
and  priests,  religious  men  and  women,  holy  servants  of 
God,  devout  believers,  both  of  high  and  low  degree, 
coming  together  in  pious  confraternities,  in  associations 
of  prayer,  in  pilgrimages;  and  all,  as  if  moved  by  one 
common     impulse,    hasteniug    to    have    recourse     for     succor 


DEDICATION  OF  THE  CHURCHES.  75 

and  protection  to  the  compassionate  Heart  of  Jesus.  There 
they  confidently  hope  to  find  a  sure  asylum,  a  safe 
refuge  from  every  danger.  There  also  is  the  never  fail- 
ing fountain  of  infinite  love  and  mercy,  the  overflowing 
soiu'ce  of  every  grace  and  blessing.  Let  us  hasten,  then, 
to  this  same  Divine  Heart,  and  we  too  "  shall  di'aw 
waters    with  joA'    from    the    fountains    of  the    Saviour." 

This,  dear  brethi-en,  is  the  motive  which  prompts  us 
to  ordain  the  solemn  act  of  consecration  in  which  you 
are  invited  to  take  part.  In  order  that  you  may  do  this 
the  more  worthily,  we  exhort  you  to  prepare  yourselves 
beforehand  by  a  good  confession  and  by  a  devout  re- 
ception of  Holy  Coromunion  on  the  great  festival  day 
itself,   if  possible. 

It  is  fitting  also  that  you  should  join  in  this  act  as 
a  public  profession  of  your  faith,  especially  in  all  the 
great  mysteries  of  redemption,  which  have  their  most 
expressive  symbol,  as  well  as  their  living  source  and 
centre,  in  the  Adorable  Heart  of  the  God  man,  the  "  Word 
made    flesh,    and    dwelling   among   us." 

You  will  ofier  it,  besides,  as  an  act  of  reparation 
for  the  daily  outrages  and  insults,  the  sacrileges  and  im- 
pieties, the  indifference  and  unbelief,  which  so  grievously 
afflict  and  wound  this  Divine  Heart,  so  tender  and  com- 
passionate, so  patient,  charitable,  forgi\ang,  notwithstanding 
the    ingratitude    and    wickedness    of  man. 

But,    above     all,     you    wiW    seek    to    consecrate    your 


76 


PASTOKAL  LETTER. 


dwn  hearts  to  tlie  Heart  of  yoixr  clear  Sa\noiir.  You  will 
take  His  for  yom*  model.  You  will  study  its  lessons  and 
teach  them  to  your  children.  "  Suffer  the  little  children 
to  come  to  me,  and  forbid  them  not."  See,  then,  that 
you  bring  them  to  the  loving  and  tender  Saviom*  who 
wishes  to  press  them  to  His  heart,  and  have  them  walk 
the  nearest  to  Him.  But  in  vihixt  way  can  you  bring 
them  to  Him  and  keep  them  by  His  side,  where  they 
^vill  be  secure  from  harm  ?  You  can  only  do  so  by 
giving  or  securing  to  them  a  sound  Catholic  education; 
b}'  taking  care  that  their  faith  and  morals  shall  be 
guarded  from  the  risks  and  perils  to  which  they  must 
be  inevitably  exposed  wherever  the  first  essential  element 
of  true  education  —  that  is  to  say,  religion  —  is  excluded 
or  ignored.  Remember  that  the  interests  of  the  soul  are 
higher  f;xr  than  the  interests  of  the  body.  "  Seek  first 
the  kingdom  of  God  and  His  justice,  and  all  things  else 
will  be  added  imto  you."  Watch,  then,  and  pray  both 
for  yourselves  and  for  all  those  intrusted  to  you.  Pray 
for  our  still  suffering  Pontiff,  for  the  necessities  of  the 
Church,  for  the  conversion  of  sinners ;  pray  for  your 
enemies  as  well  as  for  your  friends.  Commend  all  to 
the  Sacred  Heart  of  Jesus,  and  to  the  Immaculate  Heart 
of  Mary,  that  so  you  may  find  help  and  protection 
during  the  days  of  life,  pardon  and  mercy  at  the  hour 
of  death. 

The   reverend   pastors   are   requested   to    read    this   let- 


DEDICATION  OF  THE  CHURCHES.  77 

ter  to  their  congregations  on  the  two  Sundays  jireceding 
the  8th  of  December.  On  that  day  the  High  Mass  will 
be  celebrated  with  all  due  solemnity.  After  mass  the 
sermon  A\ill  be  preached,  and  then  the  act  of  consecra- 
tion, a  printed  formula  of  which  is  sent  to  you,  will  be 
read  aloud,  the  people  meanwhile  kneeling  and  accom- 
panying with  their  hearts  the  words  of  the  priest.  The 
ceremony  will  close  with  the  "  Te  Deum."  Where  the 
urgency  of  time  or  place  requires  it,  the  act  of  conse- 
cration may  take  place  at  vespers,  with  Benediction  of 
the    most    Blessed    Sacrament. 

The  gi-ace  of  our  Lord  Jesus  Christ,  and  the  charity 
of  God,  and  the  communication  of  the  Holy  Ghost,  be 
with   you    all.     Amen ! 

Given  at  the  Archiepiscopal  residence,  New  York, 
this    15th    day    of   November,    1873. 

■j-JOHN,  Ai-chbishop   of    New   York. 

■f-JOHN,  Bishop    of    Brooklyn. 

f  DAVID  W.,  Bishop    of    Portland. 

■f- FRANCIS   PATRICK,  Bishop    of    Hartford. 

t  LOUIS,  Bishop    of    13urlington. 

t  STEPHEN  VINCENT,  Bishop   of    Buffalo. 

fJOHN  J.,   Bishop    of    Albany. 

-[■JOHN  J.,  Bishop   of    Boston. 

-[-BERNARD  J.,  Bishop    of    Rochester. 

t  PATRICK  T.,  Bishop    of   Springfield. 

•j- FRANCIS,  ]5ishop  of  Rhesiua,  Coadjutor  of  Albany. 


78 


PASTORAL  LETTEK. 


f  THOMAS  ¥.,  Bishop    of    Providence. 
f  EDGAR  H.,   Bishop   of  Ogdensburg. 
t  MICHAEL  A.,  Bishop   of  Newark. 


ST.    PATRICK'S   CATHEDRAL. 

MOTT  STREET. 
DESTROYED    BY    FIKE,    OCTOBER    (irii,    1866. 


THE 


Catholic  Churches 


OF 


New  York  City. 


THE  CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PATRICK. 


MOTT  STREET. 


THE  erection  of  Xcav  York  into  an  EpiscoiJal  See, 
and  the  appointment  of  the  learned  and  eloqnent 
Dominican  Father  C'oncanen  as  first  bishop,  had  been 
hailed  with  joy  by  the  Catholics  of  New  York  City.  The 
Catholics  numbered  nearly  sixteen  thousand,  but  the  pre- 
carious ministry  of  pastors  had  left  them  often  almost 
as  sheep  without  a  shepherd.  They  were  almost  desti- 
tute, in  1809,  Avhen  news  came  that  the  Bishop  would 
soon    arrive. 

Archbishop  Carroll,  who  had  hitherto  been  unable  to 
do  all  he  desired  for  this  distant  portion  of  his  diocese, 
now  sent  two  zealous  Jesuit  Fathers,  Rev.  Anthony  Kohl- 
man  and  Rev.  Benedict  J.  Fenwick.  Laboring  without 
cessation  and  with  zeal,  they  soon  brought  the  tepid  Ijack 
to  the  practice  of  their  religious  duties,  encouraged  the 
pious,  attended  the  sick  promptly,  cared  for  the  poor, 
and,  by  constant  instructions,  brought  all  the  scattered 
and  disheartened  flock  to  St.  Peter's,  with  many  a  Prot- 
estant, anxious  to  hear  Avhat  the  Catholic  doctrine  really 
was. 


82        CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Then  it  was  at  once  apparent  that  St.  Peter's  was 
utterly  inadequate  for  the  wants  of  so  large  a  flock. 
Father  Kohlman  immediately  looked  around  for  a  site 
that  would  suit  for  a  new  Catholic  church,  intended  for 
futui'e  as  well  as  present  wants,  and  especially  for  a  cathe- 
dral. Canal  Street  was  then  the  utmost  limit  of  the  city. 
Before  you  reached  it  you  came  to  fields,  and  beyond  it 
all  was  country,  with  scattered  houses,  country  seats  of 
gentlemen,  and  the  humbler  houses  of  small  farmers.  Two 
great  roads  ran  up  the  island  —  Broadway  and  the  Bowery 
road  —  which  led  up  to  the  Stuyvesant  Bouwerie.  At  a 
point  about  eqiially  distant  from  these  two  main  thorough- 
fares, and  hence  easy  of  approach.  Father  Kohlman  secm-ed 
a  site  for  a  church.  Between  it  and  the  lower  part  of 
the  city  was  the  Collect,  a  large  pond  of  fresh  water,  dis- 
charging its  contents  by  two  outlets  —  into  the  North  River 
by  Canal  Street,  and  into  the  East  River  near  Roosevelt 
Street.  Around  the  site  of  the  new  chui-ch  were  clumps 
of  woodland,  grassy  hills  and  meadows.  Streets  were 
projected  on  paper,  that  misled  the  builders ;  for  the  edi- 
fice is  not  parallel  to  the  streets  that  were  actually 
laid  out   by    the    authorities. 

At  the  suggestion  of  Ai'chbishop  Carroll,  this  new 
church  was  to  bear  the  name  of  the  hol}^  apostle  of  Ire- 
land. So  large  a  part  of  the  Catholic  body  that  had 
gathered  at  New  York  were  of  Irish  origin,  that  the  sug- 
gestion was  most  creditable  to  the  patriarch  of  the  Ameri- 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PATRICK.  83 

can  hierarchy,  and  showed  his  veneration  for  that  great 
apostle,  and  his  attnchment  to  tlie  |)riests  and  people  of 
the    faithful    Isliind   of   Saints. 

St.  Patrick  is  in  himself  eminently  the  pati'on  of  an 
opjiressed  and  })erseciited  race.  He  was  bom  of  a  pious 
ftimily,  that  gave  several  members  to  the  sanctuary ;  he 
was  of  that  nation  of  Britons  which,  imder  the  repeated 
attacks  of  pagan  nations  —  Picts,  Saxons,  and  Angles  —  had 
been  di-iven  from  the  fertile  lands  where  they  lived  in 
civilized  and  C'liristian  happiness,  and  had  been  forced  to 
seek  a  refuge  in  the  mountains  of  Wales  and  Cornwall, 
or  on  the  shores  of  Gaul.  So  utter  was  the  breaking  up 
of  the  nation  that,  though  St.  Patrick  names  his  native 
place,  disputes  have  arisen  as  to  its  location;  but  it  would 
seem  to  be  among  the  Britons  on  the  Continent,  as  all 
his  kindi-ed  were  there,  his  ties  were  there :  thence  he 
was  carried  off  a  prisoner,  and  thither  he  retimied  to 
devote    himself  to    God. 

A  predatory  fleet  of  Irish  vessels  swept  the  shore  of 
Gaul  with  fire  and  sword,  carrying  off  captives  and  plun- 
der, and  leav-ing  ashes  and  blood.  Patrick,  wliile  a  mere 
youth,  was  thus  earned  away  by  the  pirates  while  at  a 
villa  of  his  father.  The  Irish  little  knew  the  blessing  they 
were  bearing  to  their  shores.  Despised  for  his  faith  and 
his  race,  as  his  conquerors'  descendants  were  to  be,  the 
young  man  felt  that  God  had  visited  him  for  his  own 
good.     His    faitli    grew   stronger ;    his    prayer  was  constant ; 


84  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YOKK. 

and  he  soiight  escape  only  when  he  beheved  it  to  be  the 
will    of  God. 

In  his  own  land  he  devoted  himself  to  the  service 
of  Heaven.  In  the  solitude  of  Lerins  he  acquired  a  fund 
of  sacred  learning  that  caused  WTiters  of  early  ages  to 
speak  ()f  him  with  respect.  But  he  felt  called  to  con- 
vert the  race  among  whom  he  had,  in  God's  providence, 
been  thrown,  and  in  Avhom,  amid  all  the  fai;lts  which 
paganism  nourished,  he  discerned  the  traits  of  character 
which,  guided  by  the  gospel,  would  make  it  a  nation  of 
saints. 

Full  of  this  thought  he  accompanied  St.  Germanus  of 
Auxerre  to  Britain  to  combat  heresy,  and  sa^v  Palladius 
depart  to  attemjit  the  mission  to  which  he  longed  to  de- 
vote Ills  life.  When  that  holy  bishop  failed,  Patrick  was 
himself  consecrated    bishop   and    sent   by   Pope    Celestine. 

He  was  the  instrument  chosen  by  God  by  whom 
Ireland  became  Christian.  Paganism  yielded  without  excit- 
ing a  single  persecution,  or  reddening  the  soil  with  the 
blood  of  a  martyr.  In  other  hinds  the  roll  of  saints 
begins  Avith  martyrs;  in  Ireland  alone,  with  confessors. 
Her    martyrs    are    of    a    far    later    date. 

He  implanted  the  fiiitli  firmly.  It  struck  deep  and 
Angorous  roots.  No  heresy  ever  rose  in  Ireland.  None 
ever  gained.  AVhen  the  English  Government  used  all  its 
force  to  implant  the  Protestant  heresy  there,  they  failed ; 
they  could   neither  compel    nor  seduce.     They  could  exter- 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  (W  ST.  PATRICK.  85 

minate  indeed,  and  fill  up  wasted  provinces  with  Protest- 
ants from  England,  Scotland,  France,  Germany,  and  even 
New  England ;  but  In  a  few  years  the  Catholic  element 
wovild  preponderate  and  all  others  dwindle.  Catholicity 
alone    can    thrive    on    the    Island   of   St.  Patrick. 

Many  leading  C'athollcs  entered  warmly  into  the  pro- 
ject of  a  church  in  honor  of  this  great  saint  on  our 
Island  of  ]\Ianhattan.  A  subscription  was  opened  to  pay 
for  the  ground  and  commence  the  necessary  work.  The 
Hon.  Andi'ew  Morris,  a  wealthy  chandler,  Cornelius  Heeny, 
for  years  a  benefactor  of  the  Church,  and  Matthe\\'  Reed, 
led  the  subscriptions  with  g-enerous  donations.  On  the 
8th  of  June,  1809,  the  Very  Kev.  Mr.  Kohlman,  as  Vicar 
Greneral  of  the  diocese,  with  his  assistant,  and  the  board 
of  trustees  of  St,  Peter's  Church,  walked  in  solenui  pro- 
cession to  the  ground.  Father  Kohlman  addressed  the 
assembled  Catholics,  congratulating  them  on  their  faith 
and  corn-age,  and  reminding  them  of  the  sacred  debt  so 
many  owed  to  the  holy  apostle  whose  name  the  church 
was  to  bear,  and  In  which  they  might  soon  hope  to  see 
a  bishop  presiding.  The  corner-stone  was  then  laid  Avith 
all   the    ceremonies    of  the   Roman    ritual. 

But  the  work  went  slowly  on.  The  bishop  whose 
presence  was  to  give  life  to  the  undertaking  died  at 
Naples,  unable  to  reach  his  flock.  The  wars  which  had 
so  long  desolated  Europe  Avere  felt  beyond  the  Atlantic, 
and  the   United    States  became   involved   In    hostilities   A\Ith 


86  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OP  NEW  YORK. 

Great  Britain.  This,  of  course,  checked  emigration  to  our 
shores  and  produced  distress  in  all  parts  of  the  country. 
It  was  not  till  the  year  1815  that  St.  Patrick's  was  ready 
for  divine  ser^dce,  nor  was  it  then  completed.  Tlu'ough 
all  this  time  no  bishop  had  reached  the  Catholics  of  New 
York.  One  had  been  appointed,  but  as  liis  aiTival  could 
not  be  certainly  expected,  the  Bishop  of  Boston,  the  loved 
and  revered  Doctor  John  Chevei'us,  was  recpiested  to  dedi- 
cate the  new  cathedral,  the  venerable  iVi-chbishop  of  Balti- 
more having  been  unable  to  accept  the  invitation  of  the 
Catholics    of  New  York'. 

On  the  4th  of  May,  181.5,  the  feast  of  the  Ascension 
of  om'  Lord,  a  procession  moved  to  the  edifice,  the  Mayor 
and  Common  Council  and  the  trustees  of  St.  Peter's  Church 
taking  part  in  the  ceremony.  With  the  Bishop  of  Boston 
were  the  priests  of  St.  Peter's,  Rev.  Benedict  J.  Fenwick 
and  two  assistants,  with  Father  Maleve  and  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Pasquiet.  It  was  the  finest  chvu'ch  edifice  yet  opened 
to  Catholic  worship  in  the  United  States,  and  was  dedi- 
cated with  impressive  ceremonies,  the  most  imposing  yet 
witnessed   in    New    York. 

Ground  was  secured  near  the  Cathedi-al  for  a  ceme- 
tery, and  the  new  Bishop,  Dr.  Connoll}',  on  arriving, 
found  the  church  wants  of  his  flock  provided  for  to  an 
extent   unequaled    elsewhere    in   the    United    States. 

In  a  letter  to  Ai-chbishop  Carroll,  Dr.  Cheverus  refers 
to    an    account    which    appeared    in    the   New   York    Gazette. 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PATRICK.  87 

It  is  worth  citing,  to  show  how  the  church  was  regarded 
in  that  day,  wlien  New  Yoi'k  had  just  erected  a  City 
Hall,  and  old  Trinity  Church  was  one  of  the  most  pre- 
tentious buildings  of  the  place.  It  will  increase  oiu*  respect 
for  the  Catholics  of  that  da}-,  who  had  the  courage  to 
undertake  and  the  liberality  and  perseverance  to  complete 
a  church  so  much  in  advance  of  those  erected  by  far 
wealthier    denominations. 

"  The  new  Catholic  Cathe(h-al  in  this  city,  which  was 
begun  in  the  year  1809,  and  lately  so  far  completed  as 
to  be  fit  for  divine  service,  Avas  last  Thursday  (Ascen- 
sion Bay)  solemnly  dedicated  to  God,  under  the  name  of 
St.  Patrick,  by  the  Rt.  Rev.  Dr.  Che-\'erus,  Bishop  of 
Boston. 

"  This  grand  and  beautiful  church,  which  ma}^  ji^i^tly 
be  considered  one  of  the  greatest  ornaments  of  our  city, 
and  inferior  in  point  of  elegance  to  none  in  the  United 
States,  is  built  in  the  Gotliic  style,  and  execiited  agree- 
ably to  the  design  of  Mr.  Joseph  Fr.  Mangin,  the  cele- 
brated architect  of  New  York.  It  is  one  hundred  and 
twenty  feet  long,  eighty  feet  Avide,  and  between  seventy- 
five  and  eighty  feet  high.  The  superior  elegance  of  the 
architecture,  as  well  as  the  novelty  and  beauty  of  the 
interior,  had,  for  some  months  past,  excited  a  considerable 
degree  of  public  curiosity,  and  crowds  of  citizens  of  all 
denominations  daily  flocked  to  it  to  admire  its  grandeur 
and   magnificence ;    but  on  the    day  of  its    consecration  the 


88        CATnOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK 

concourse  Avas  immense.  I^pwai'ds  f>f  four  thousand  per- 
sons, consisting  principally  of  the  first  families  in  New 
York,  including-  the  members  of  the  Corporation,  the  pre- 
sent (John  Ferguson)  and  former  Mayors  (De  Witt 
Clinton),  with  many  other  officers  of  distinction,  were  able 
to  find  admittaiu'e  within,  l)ut  a  far  greater  number,  for  want 
of  room,  Avere  compelled  reluctantly  to  remain  without. 
The  ceremony  of  the  dedication,  Avith  the  solemn  service 
of  High  Mass  Avhich  followed,  Avas  long  and  impressiA'e. 
The  Rt.  llev.  Consecrator,  after  the  gospel  of  the  day  Avas 
sung,  deliA'ered  from  the  altar,  Avith  his  usual  spriglitly  elo- 
quence, an  ajjpropriate  address  from  the  Avords  of  the  45th 
alias  4Gth  Psalm,  8th  A'erse :  'I  luxA-e  loA-ed,  ()  Lord,  the 
Ijeauty  of  thy  house  and  the  place  Avhere  th}'  glory  dwel- 
leth,'  to  his  numerous  admiring    and  attentiA'e  audience." 

Tlie  2)raise  Avas  not  exaggerated  for  Ncav  York  in 
1815.  Thirteen  years  later,  a  guide-liook,  after  men- 
tioning that  it  AA'iis  the  largest  religious  edifice  in  the 
city,  says  it  is  built  "  of  stone,  in  massiA-e  style,  the 
Avails  being  seA'eral  feet  in  thickness,  the  roof  rising  in 
a  sharp  angle  to  a  height  of  more  than  a  hundred  feet, 
and  forming,  Avith  tlie  toAver,  a  most  conspicuous  object 
in  approaching  the  city  fi-om  the  east.  The  front  of  the 
building  is  faced  Avith  hewn  In-oAvn  stone ;  and  seA'eral 
niches  are  left  open  for  statues  tliat  are  to  be  placed. 
When  completed  it  Avill  be  the  most  impressive-looking 
edifice    in    the    citA^" 


CATIIEDEAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PATRICK.  89 

The  erection  of  so  noble  an  edifice  liad  a  most  bene- 
ficial effect.  Catholics  were  raised  in  j)ublic  esteem.  A 
community  which  could  concei^'e  and  caiTy  out  such  pro- 
jects   was    one    entitled   to    respect. 

The  pews  were  ofi^ered  for  sale  on  the  15th  of  May. 
(Seventy-seven  out  of  one  hundred  and  ninety-five  were 
sold,  and  j^i'oduced  $37,500 ;  one  being  purchased  by  the 
writer's  family.  Sevei-al  of  the  pews,  esteemed  from  their 
proximity  to  the  altar  and  pulpit,  brought  a  thousand 
dollars  each. 

When  Bishoji  Cirtnnolly  finally  reached  New  York, 
in  the  ship  Sally,  November  24th,  1815,  after  a  stormy 
passage  of  sixty  days  —  a  severe  trial  for  one  nearly  sev- 
enty—  he  could  at  least  feel  proud  of  his  Cathedral,  the 
finest  church  in  the  city,  and  the  finest  Catholic  church 
in  the  country.  Thence  for  more  than  sixty  years  it  was 
the  scene  of  all  the  great  episcopal  acts  of  the  diocese 
and  the  Province  of  New  York.  Here  priests  have  been 
ordained  to  the  ser^^ce  of  God,  bishops  consecrated,  the 
pallium  conferred,  synods  held  for  the  diocese,  provincial 
councils,  and  finally,  the  berretta  of  a  cardinal  presented 
to    the    archbishop. 

Before  the  close  of  the  year  1815,  St.  Patrick's  Ca- 
tliedi-al  witnessed  the  ordination  of  a  j^riest.  Bishop  Con- 
nolly having  raised  to  sacerdotal  orders  the  Rev.  Michael 
O'Gorman,    who   had    accompanied   liim   from    Ireland,    and 


90  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

who  stands  as  the  first  of  the  long  hne  of  j^riests  or- 
dained   within    the    venerated   walls    of  old    St.    Patrick's. 

The  C*athedral  was  at  first  luider  the  trustees  of  St. 
Peter's  Church;  but  in  April,  1817,  the  Legislature  passed 
an  act  incorjjorating  ihe  trustees  of  St.  Patrick's  Cathedral, 
the    Bishop    Ijeing-   the   president    of    the    board. 

Soon  after  Bishop  Connolly  was  installed,  a  charitj- 
school,  as  it  was  then  called,  was  opened  in  the  base- 
ment towards  Mott  Street,  where  it  was  continued  for 
some  years,  initil  a  brick  building  was  erected  especially 
adapted  for  a  parochial  school.  It  was  supported  by  a 
collection  made  in  the  con^reefation  and  bv  a  share  of 
the  State  School  Fund,  then  divided  between  the  schools 
directed  by  the  different  churches  and  those  established 
by  the  Public  School  Society,  an  organization  intended  to 
care    for   those    who    belonged    to    no    chm'ch. 

The  care  of  the  orphans  was  another  need.  A  small 
frame  building  on  Prince  Street  was  secured,  in  which 
thi-ee  Sisters  of  Charity,  in  June,  1817,  began  their  noble 
work  in  New  York.  To  support  this  charity,  "  Tlie  New 
York  Roman  Catholic  Benevolent  Society"  was  formed,  by 
a  few  zealous  gentlemen,  in  April,  1816.  The  famous 
singer,  Madame  Malibran,  gave  a  concert  in  aid  of  the 
good  work ;  members  flocked  in,  and  the  Society  was 
duly  incorporated  by  the  Legislatm-e  in  1817.  It  is  the 
oldest  Catholic  organization   of  the  kind  in    the    State,   and 


CATHEDKAL  CHUKCH  OF  ST.  PATRICK.  91 

may    look    back   with    pride    on    its    more    tluiu    .sixt}'    years 
of  service    for    tlie    orphan. 

The  modest  frame  structure  was  soon  found  to  be  inad- 
equate. The  g-round  on  Prince  Street  was  secm-ed,  and  tlie 
central  part  of  the  present  brick  edifice    was  commenced. 

The  Cathedral  had  cost  about  ninety  thousand  dol- 
lars, and  in  1824  there  remained  a  debt  of  fift}'-three 
thousand,  sadly  cripj^ling  the  Catholic  body,  whose  con- 
tributions went  to  pay  interest  instead  of  meeting  the. 
wants  of  religion  and  charity.  Bishop  Connolly  resolved 
to  make  an  effort  to  relieve  the  Cathedi'al  from  the 
heavy  biu'deu,  and  called  meetings  of  Catholics  to  devise 
a  general  system  of  collection,  and  a2:)peal  to  the  more 
wealthy  citizens  for  aid.  The  matter  was  taken  np  in  a 
way  that  showed  the  love  of  the  people  for  their  bishop; 
and  so  much  of  the  debt  was  paid  that  Bishop  Du  Bois, 
in  1830,  could  announce  that  it  was  reduced  to  twent}- 
fom*    thousand    dollars. 

The  want  of  a  more  extensive  cemetery  was  already 
felt.  The  ground  around  St.  Peter's  was  very  contracted, 
and  the  plot  originally  2^^u-chased  for  St.  Patrick's  was 
not  very  large.  Additional  ground  was  acquired  in  1824, 
so  as  to  extend  to  Prince  Street,  from  Mott  to  Mulberry. 
This  new  portion  was  solemnly  blessed  by  Bishop  Con- 
nolly in  August,  1824,  assisted  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  O'Gorman 
and  the  Rev.  Mr.  Sluuiahan.  The  imposing  ceremonies 
were  recorded    at   lengtli    in    the   papers   of  the  day. 


92  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

At  vespers  the  Rev.  Mr.  O'Grorman  delivered  a  seraion 
in  Ii'ish  in  the  Cathedi'al,  and  made  a  powerful  appeal  to 
his  hearers,  which  resulted  in  a  collection  of  four  hun- 
dred and  fifty  dollars  towards  the  payment  of  the  cost 
of  the    new  ground. 

But  before  long  the  eloquent  priest,  New  York's  first 
ordained,  was  laid  out  in  his  sacerdotal  robes  before  the 
altar  where  he  had  received  his  mission  and  so  often  min- 
istered. Within  a  week,  in  November,  1824,  another  of 
his  clergy  Avas  stricken  doMii,  and  the  venerable  Bishop 
Connolly  was  left  almost  alone  at  the  Cathedral ;  Ijut 
though  he  had  himself,  at  the  Rev.  Mr.  (I'Gorman's  fune- 
ral, contracted  a  fatal  disease,  he  continued  his  duties  as 
bishop,  and  his  labors  as  parish  priest  through  the  winter 
of   1824. 

But  in  February,  1825,  St.  Patrick's  Cathedi-al,  hushed 
with  awe,  received  within  its  walls  the  lifeless  body  of 
its  venerated  bishop,  wliich  had  lain  in  state  in  St.  Peter's, 
and,  after  a  solemn  requiem,  was  conveyed  to  his  Cathe- 
dral church,  and  deposited  near  the  altar,  on  the  9th  of 
February,    1825. 

The  Cathedral,  however,  put  on  its  robes  of  glad- 
ness when,  in  November,  1826,  Bishop  Du  Bois,  who 
had  been  consecrated  in  Baltimore,  entered  it.  "  On  the 
feast  of  All  Saints  I  took  possession  of  my  see,"  he 
wi'ote.  "With  what  an  impression  was  not  my  heart  pen- 
etrated   at    the    sight    of    the    immense    crowd    aaIucIi    filled 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PATRICK.  93 

the  Catliecli-al !  I  estimate  the  number  of  tlio  faithful 
present  at  more  than  four  thousand.  They  were  only  the 
representatives  of  more  than  150,000  others  who  were 
not   present." 

The  new  Orphan  Asylum  was  opened  in  the  same 
month,  and  ere  long  tlie  parisli  school-house  ex-ected;  but 
Bishop  Du  Bois  was  unable  to  secm-e  for  the  boys  a 
Community  of  Brothers,  who  should  do  the  same  good 
among  them  that  the  Sisters  of  Charity  now  did  among 
the    girls    of    St.    Patrick's    j^arish. 

In  December,  1833,  the  trustees  of  St.  Patrick's  Cathe- 
dral, finding  that  the  cemetery  was  insufficient  for  the 
wants  of  the  Catholic  popidation  of  New  York,  espe- 
cially after  the  experience  of  the  cholera  season,  purchased, 
with  the  Ijishop's  consent,  a  block  of  ground  on  First 
Avenue    and    Eleventh    Street. 

During  the  anti-Cathalic  excitement  of  1836,  a  mob 
which  had  collected  in  the  lower  part  of  the  city  re- 
solved to  attack  the  Cathedral.  There  was  loud  talking 
and  deep  threats ;  but  time  was  wasted,  and  the  faithful 
had  timely  notice.  The  authorities  were  warned,  but  the 
congregation,  depending  on  their  own  good  hearts  and 
stout  arms,  rather  than  on  the  vmcertain  and  often  inef- 
fectual efforts  of  public  magistrates,  prepared  to  defend 
the  Cathedral.  The  cemetery  had  just  been  inclosed  h\ 
a  brick  wall.  In  this,  at  proper  height,  loopholes  for 
musketry    were    made,    and    men    belonging    to    the    militia 


94        CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YOEK. 

companies,  accustomed  to  handle  arms,  \\'ere  di-awn  up 
within.  Along'  Prince  Sti'eet,  where  the  approach  of  the 
mob  was  expected,  the  cobble-stone  pavement  was  torn 
up  and  taken  in  baskets  to  the  Avindows  of  the  houses, 
which  had  also  a  few  muskets.  In  this  guise  they 
awaited   the   attack. 

The  mob  advanced  up  the  Bowery  in  a  compact 
mass,  full  of  the  spirit  of  destruction  and  religious  hate, 
but  as  they  neared  Prince  Sti'eet,  a  storekeeper  Avent  out 
and  counseled  the  leaders  to  adopt  some  military  pre- 
cautions. By  their  ad^ace,  a  small  scouting  party  was 
sent  forward  to  reconnoitre.  The  appearance  of  Prince 
Street,  the  fortress-like  look  of  the  brick  wall,  the  mili- 
tary attitude  of  bodies  of  men,  were  a  sight  for  which 
they  were  not  prepared.  They  came  to  plunder  and 
destroy.  They  had  no  idea  of  fighting  men  like  men. 
Completely  crestfallen,  they  hastened  back  to  the  main 
body,  as  if  fleeing  for  their  lives.  A  panic  spread,  and 
the   mob   melted   away. 

As  the  attack  might  be  renewed,  the  guard  was 
kept  up  during  the  night  at  the  Cathedral,  which  became 
the  centre  of  a  kind  of  God's  camp  of  defense ;  but  the 
impression  was  produced,  and  no  subsequent  attempt  was 
made    on    the    Cathedral,    even  in    1844    or    1855. 

By  this  time  a  house  on  Mulberry  Sti-eet,  opposite 
the  Cathedral,  had  been  purchased  for  the  residence  of 
the    bishop,    who    had    previously   lived    at   some    distance. 


I 


CATHEDRAL  CHUIICU  OF  ST.  PATRICK.  95 

No  bishop  had  been  consecrated  in  the  Cathedral 
till  the  appointment  of  the  Rev.  John  Hnghe.s  as  co- 
adjutor to  Dr.  Du  Bois.  He  was  consecrated  in  St.  Pat- 
rick's Cathedral,  January  7,  1838.  Every  preparation  was 
made  to  render  the  ceremony  imposing.  Ecclesiastical  vest- 
ments were  obtained  from  other  parts,  and  the  clergy  of 
the  diocese  attended  in  numbers.  As  the  church  could  not 
hold  all  who  woidd  undoubtedly  desire  to  witness  the 
ceremony,  platforms  were  erected  outside  at  the  windows, 
to   accommodate   the   faithful. 

The  ne^^dy  appointed  was  consecrated  Bishop  of  Basi- 
leopolis  in  partibus  infidel'mm,  by  the  venerable  Bishop 
Du  Bois,  assisted,  as  required  by  the  canons,  by  t^^'o 
bishops,  the  Right  Rev.  Francis  Patrick  Konrick,  Bishop 
of  Philadelphia,  and  the  Right  Rev.  Benedict  Fenwick, 
of  Boston,  who  had,  in  the  early  days  of  his  priesthood, 
labored  so  devotedly  in  New  York,  and  especially  in  the 
erection   of  the   Cathedi-al   itself 

A  few  years  after,  an  improvement  in  the  Cathedral, 
projected  by  Bishop  Du  Bois,  soon  after  his  installation, 
was  carried  out.  The  Cathedral  was  extended  in  that  }'ear, 
1838,  to  Mott  Street,  and  a  convenient  sacristy  made. 
This  allowed  room  for  a  much  finer  sanctuarv,  which  was 
a  beautiful  Gothic  work,  and  the  rest  of  the  church  was 
made  lighter  to  correspond  Avith  it.  The  heavy,  massive 
columns,  which  gave  a  somber  air  to  the  nave,  were  re- 
duced   without   loss    of    strength,    and   incased    so  as  to    be 


96 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


liighly  ornauieiital.  This  iiii])r()venient,  wlucli  was  singu- 
larly effective,  was  comjileted  in  1842 ;  and  on  the  feast 
of  the  patroii  saint  of  th(i  Cathedi'al,  this  addition  was 
blessed    hy    the    liisliop,   with    the    usual    ceremonial. 

On  Sunday,  the  28th  of  August,  1S42,  the  Cathedral 
witnessed  tlie  convocation  of  the  first  synod  ever  held  in 
the  diocese.  The  Holy  Sacrifice  was  offered  by  Bishop 
Hughes,  then  administrator  of  the  diocese,  and  a  sermon 
was  delivered  by  the  Rev.  John  ^VIcElrov,  whose  life  we 
have  seen  extended  almost  to  a  hundred  years.  Bishop 
Hughes  jjresided  in  the  syn(  xl ;  the  promoters  were  the 
Very  Rev.  Drs.  Power  and  Varela.  Sixtv-four  other  priests 
formed  tliis  most  imjjosing  gathering  of  the  clergy  yet  seen. 
Among  them  were  some  who  fill  a  place  in  the  history 
of  the  Chm'ch  — Rev.  John  McCloskey,  who  Avas  to  become 
a  cardinal ;  Rev.  1).  AV.  Bacon,  to  be  Bishop  of  Portland ; 
Rev.  A.  Byrne,  Bishop  of  Little  Rock  ;  Rev.  J.  J.  Conroy, 
Bishop  of  Albany ;  Rev.  J.  Loiighlin,  Bishop  of  Brook- 
lyn ;  Rev.  Bernard  O'Reilly,  Bishop  of  Hartford ;  Rev. 
William  Quarter,  Bishop  of  Chicago ;  the  Rev.  John  Har- 
ley,  President  of  St.  John's  College ;  the  Rev.  Ambrose 
Manahan. 

During  the  next  decade  the  Cathedi-al  witnessed  the 
consecration  of  many  bishops.  On  the  10th  of  March, 
1844,  Bishop  Hughes,  assisted  by  Bishops  Fenwick  of 
Boston  and  Whelan  of  Richmond,  consecrated  the  Rt. 
Rev.    John    McCloskey,    Bishop    of    Axiern    and    Coadjutor 


CATHEDRAL  CKUllCU  OF  ST.  I'ATlllCK.  97 

of  New  York ;  Rt.  Rev.  William  Quarter,  Bishop  of  Chi- 
cago, and  Rt.  Rev.  Andrew  Byrne,  Bishop  of  Little  Rock. 
On  the  17th  of  October,  1847,  assisted  by  Bishop  Walsh 
of  Halifax  and  Bishop  McCloskey  of  Albany,  he  con- 
secrated Rt.  Rev.  John  Timon,  Bishop  of  Buffalo.  On 
the  30th  of  October,  1853,  ]\Ionsignor  Gaetano  Bedini, 
Archbishop  of  Thebes,  and  subsequently  Cardinal,  conse- 
crated in  the  same  sanctuary  the  Rt.  Rev.  James  R. 
Bayley,  Bishop  of  Newark,  Rt.  Rev,  John  Loughlin, 
Bishop  of  Brooklyn,  and  Rt.  Rev.  Louis  de  Goesbriand, 
Bishop    of  Biu'lington. 

The  See  of  New  York  Avas  meanwhile  made  a  Metro- 
politan. In  October,  1850,  Bishop  Hughes  announced  his 
promotion  to  the  congregation  of  St.  Patrick's,  and  pre- 
pared to  go  to  Rome  to  be  invested  with  the  palliiun. 
He  also  made  known  a  project  whicli  had  for  some  time 
occupied  his  mind,  the  ei'ection  of  a  new  cathedral,  on 
the  groiuid  in  Fifth  Avenue  which  they  had  long  owned. 
Meanwhile  nothing  was  omitted  to  render  the  services  of 
the  chiu'ch  more  imposing  in  the  ohl  Cathedral.  Among 
other  improvements,  a  fine  new  organ,  T)v  Erben,  twenty- 
eiffht  feet  wide  and  fortv-seven  feet  high  —  at  the  time  one 
of  the    largest    in    the   city  —  was    erected    early    in    1852. 

St.  Patrick's  had  now  become  a  ]\retropolitan  church, 
and  soon  witnessed  a  Provincial  Council.  On  the  1st  of 
October,     1854,     the     Archbishop,     with     the     Bishops     of 

Albany,  Boston,  Brooklyn,  Buffalo,   Hartford,   and  Newark, 

7 


98        CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

moved  in  procession  from  the  episcopal  residence  tlnongli 
the  streets  to  the  Cathedi-al.  The  archie23iscoi)al  cross  was 
borne  aloft  at  the  head  of  the  line,  followed  by  acolytes 
in  red  cassocks,  chanters  in  surplices,  priests  in  the  rich 
chasubles  of  their  order,  theologians,  crosier  bearers  and 
attendants,  the  Archbishop  and  his  seven  bishops  follow- 
ing, arrayed  in  mitres  and  copes.  They  moved  up  the 
aisle  of  the  Cathedral  and  filled  the  chancel.  Then  the 
Mass  of  the  Holy  Ghost  was  celebrated,  and  the  solemn 
sessions    of  the    council   began. 

Other  councils  and  spiods  have  since  been  held 
within  the  venerated  walls,  and  other  bishops  consecrated; 
but   we    need   not    chronicle    them    all. 

It  would  require  a  A'olume  to  sketch  or  even  name 
the  eminent  Catholics  who  have  been  connected  with  the 
Cathedi'al,  or  whose  lifeless  forms  received  within  its  walls 
the  last  rites  of  the  Clnirch,  the  i-equiem    for    the  departed. 

The  church,  around  which  so  many  holy  associa- 
tions clustered,  was  visited  by  an  element  more  destructive 
than  the  hand  of  time.  On  the  Gth  of  October,  ISGG, 
a  conflagration  occurred  on  BroadwaA',  in\'olving  M-are- 
houses  and  goods  of  g-reat  ^'alue ;  the  sjjarks  were  borne 
in  every  direction,  lighting  up  the  evening  sky  with  their 
fitful  glare.  Suddenly  the  cry  was  raised  that  the  roof 
of  the  Cathedi'al  was  on  fire.  It  was  at  first  deemed 
incredible.  Yet  it  pro\'ed  to  be  the  fact.  The  ancient 
structure  had,   from  lack  of  means  at  its   com23letion,  been 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PATRICK.  99 

covered  \\itli  ^\•()o(^,  ami  this,  (Iritnl  by  age,  offercil  an 
easy  pi'ey  to  the  flames.  When  the  destructive  Llaze 
dispeHed  all  doubt,  the  clergy  of  the  Cathedral  removed 
the  sacred  vessels  and  altar  plate,  as  well  as  the  records, 
and  all  that  was  portable,  while  the  faitliful,  insensible  to 
risk,  bore  to  places  of  safety  every  picture  or  piece  of 
fm'uiture  that  coidd  be  reached.  The  fire  department, 
already  struggling  to  suppress  the  conflagration  on  Broad- 
way, hastened  to  the  scene ;  but  all  the  efforts  proved 
iniavaillng.  The  A\hole  roof  was  one  mass  of  fire,  and  the 
wood-work,  lighted  by  the  falling  embers,  poured  forth,  as 
from  a  furnace,  one  vast  sheet  of  flame ;  and  the  morn- 
ing dawned  on  a  scene  of  desolation  that  carried  a  pang 
to  the  heart  of  many  a  New  York  Catholic.  The  A^en- 
erable  fane,  around  which  clustered  so  many  hallowed 
associations  connected  with  the  Church  and  with  their 
own  kindi'ed  and  friends,  was  but  a  mass  of  blackened 
walls.  Altar  and  sanctuary  -were  gone  !  It  wna  but  a  sad 
monument    of   the    past. 

But  the  spot  was  too  sacred  to  be  abandoned, 
although  the  new  Cathedi-al  approached  completion.  The 
Archbishop  and  the  congregation  resolved  to  rebuild  it 
at    once. 

As  restored,  St.  Patrick's  Cathedi-al,  though  of  course 
far  Inferior  to  the  new  one  on  Fifth  Avenue,  is  a  noble 
structure.  It  Is  Grothic,  of  a  piu-e  style.  The  length  is 
divided    by    eight    arches,    tlie   2)Illars    separating   the   nave 


100       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

from  the  aisles.  The  window  over  the  altar  is  a  grand 
one,  the  stained  glass  being  of  admirable  design  and  finish. 
Of  the  twelve  windows,  that  on  each  side  nearest  the 
chancel  has  a  full-length  figure,  the  rest  being  filled  with 
ornaments  merely.  Beautiful  copies  of  two  of  Raphael's 
finest  paintings  are  on  either  side   of  the  sanctuary. 

The  altar  is  of  white  marble,  exquisitely  wrought  and 
surmounted  by  a  crucifix.  The  Gothic  screen  behind  has 
in  its  niches  fine  figures  of  the  Twelve  Apostles.  The 
side  altars  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  and  St.  Joseph  corre- 
spond harmoniously  with  the  main  altar,  and,  -^^ith  the 
screen  which  advances  here  and  runs  behind  them,  pro- 
duce   a   most   beautiful    effect. 

In  the  grand  ceremonials  of  the  Church,  when  the 
sanctuary  is  lit  up  by  a  thousand  candles  and  jets  of 
gas,  and  crowded  with  the  purple-robed  bishops  cluster- 
ing aromid  the  tall  and  amiable  form  of  the  Cardinal, 
with  priests  in  cassock  and  surplice,  and  others  in  the 
more  varied  habits  of  St.  Dominic  and  St.  Francis,  the 
place  seems  admirably  fitted  for  the  impressive  ritual  of 
the  Church. 

On  its  completion  it  was  solemnly  dedicated  by 
Archbishop  McCloskey,  on  St.  Patrick's  Day,  March  17, 
1868,  Bishops  Loughlin  of  Brooklyn  and  Bacon  of  Port- 
land assisting,  with  a  vast  assemblage  of  secular  priests 
and  Fathers  of  the  Dominican,  Franciscan,  Jesuit,  Re- 
demptorist,    and   Mercy    orders. 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PATRICK.  IQl 

The  cemetery  around  St.  Patrick's  holds  many  of  the 
early    honored    Catholic    dead.       Some    stones    Lear    names 

t 

of  families  still  existing  among-  us ;  of  others  the  descend- 
ants have  vanished.  A  son  of  General  Moreau  died 
during  his  father's  residence  in  America,  and  was  laid 
here.  Here  rest  Thomas  O'Conor,  the  venerable  father  of 
Charles  O'Conor,  Captain  James  McKeon,  U.  S.  A.,  a 
hero  of  the  war  of  1S12,  father  of  Hon.  John  McKeon, 
Capt.  Pierre  Landais,  second  in  commanfl  to  Paul  Jones 
in  his  famous  battle,  Stephen  Jumel,  John  B.  Lasala,  and 
many  other  notable  persons  in  the  Catholic  body,  with 
not  a  few  zealous  priests. 

Beneath  the  church  are  vaidts  where  lie  the  remains 
of  Bishops  Connolly  and  Du  Bois,  and  Archbishop  Hughes, 
as  well  as  a  few  other  vaults  belon'ging  to  ])rivate  families. 

The  site  for  the  new  St.  Patrick's  Cathedi-al  is  thus 
described  by  Archbishop   Hughes  :  — 

"The  block  of  ground  on  which  the  cathedral  is  to 
be  built  is  two  hundred  feet  on  Fifth  Avenue  on  the 
west,  two  hundred  feet  on  Madison  Avenue  on  the  east, 
by  four  hundred  and  twenty  feet  on  Fifty-first  Street 
north  and  Fiftieth  Street  south."  It  is  a  spot  which  has 
been  Catholic  ground  for  more  than  sixty  years.  Every 
few  years  the  story  is  started  that  the  ground  was  given 
to  the  Catholics  by  the  city.  The  records  of  the  city 
show  the  contrary.  The  ground  was  purchased  by  the 
trustees    of    St.  Peter's    and    St.  Patrick's   before    a  Catholic 


102       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

bishop  of  New  York  ever  took  possession  of  liis  see.  The 
Jesuit  Fathers  conducted  a  college  for  some  years  in  a 
building  still    standing. 

It  was  originally  subject  to  a  quit  rent  of  wheat, 
which  at  the  time  of  the  anti-Rent  troubles,  was  released 
by  the  city  on  pa}"ment  of  a  sum  in  gross,  not  as  a 
favor,  bxtt  in  pursuance  of  a  wise  policy  to  abolish  all 
the    old   feudal    services    and   burdens    that    existed. 

As  streets  were  laid  out,  the  Cathedral,  which  had 
acquired  the  whole  property,  exchanged  gores  -^^ith  the 
city  for  mutual  benefit;  but  not  one  foot  of  the  ground 
was    a   gift   from    the    city.   State,   or    Union. 

"  The  building  is  to  be  three  lmndre<l  and  twenty- 
two  feet  long,  ninety-seven  feet  wide,  the  transept  a 
hundred  and  seventy-two  feet,  the  height  from  floor  to 
ceiling  at  the  summit  of  the  clerestory,  one  hundred  feet. 
There  will   be    fourteen    chapels,    besides    the    grand    altar." 

Such  was  the  magnificent  project  of  the  great  Arch- 
bishop, after  adopting  a  i)lan  from  the  many  submitted 
to  him.  In  June,  1858,  he  issued  a  circular  which  he 
addressed  to  one  hundi-ed  and  fifty  of  the  most  pious,  zeal- 
ous and  wealthy  Catholics  of  the  city  and  diocese,  asking 
from  each  one  thousand  dollars  as  a  subscription  to  begin 
the  work.  He  then  called  upon  them  all,  and  more  than 
a  hundred  responded,  giving  over  one  hundred  thousand 
dollars. 

Encouraged  by  this  manifestation  of  the  interest  taken, 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PATRICK.  103 

and  couviiicecl  that  tlie  calls  for  five  hundred  dollars,  and 
smaller  amounts,  which  ho  proposed  to  make  in  succession, 
wouhl  meet  as  hearty  a  response,  the  Archbishop  had  the 
ground  graded,  and,  on  the  l^tli  of  August,  1858,  the  feast 
of  our  Lady's  Assumption,  laid  the  corner-stone.  Seven 
bishops,  one  hundred  and  thirty  priests,  one  huntbed  and 
twenty  acolj'tes,  in  cassock  and  surplice,  made  an  impos- 
ing ecclesiastical  group.  Tlie  grand  ceremonial,  chanted  by 
these  numerous  voices,  proceeded  amid  an  audience  of 
not  less  than  a  hundred  thousand,  many  of  them  Protes- 
tants,   drawn    by  wonder    and    curiositj'   to    the    scene. 

The  work  was  commenced  and  continued  down  to 
the  civil  war,  each  successive  call  meeting  the  same  gen- 
erous response ;  but  in  the  troubles  then  gathering  upon 
the  country,  it  ^vas  impossible  to  think  of  ])rosecuting  the 
vast  undertaking.  The  fiiiling  health  of  the  Archbishop 
prevented  his  reviving  it,  even  Avlien  the  prospect  of  peace 
restored    confidence    to    the    country. 

On  his  promotion  to  the  See  of  New  York,  Arch- 
bishop McCloskey,  urged  by  man 3",  resolved  to  carry  on 
the  gi-eat  work  of  his  predecessor.  It  has,  in  1878,  nearly 
approached  completion,  and  is  the  largest,  and  finest  temple 
of  God  erected  in  this  comitry,  having  cost  more  than 
two  millions  of  dollars.  Its  later  building  expenses  have 
been  met  by  a  i-egular  annual  subscription  in  each  church 
in  the  diocese,  so  that  it  is   indeed  the  church  of  chm'ches. 

The    style    is    the    decorated    Gothic    of   the    foiu-teenth 


104  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

centiuy,  and  somewhat  resembles  the  great  Cathedral  of 
Cologne.  The  front  is  extremely  beautiful,^  with  tlu-ee 
richly  decorated  doors,  simnounted  by  a  l^eautiful  rose 
windo^^-  and  two  (rothic  windows ;  the  two  sjjires  rising 
to  the  height  of  three  hundred  and  twenty-eight  feet. 
The  main  entrance  is  thirty-five  feet  wide  and  fifty-one 
feet  high,  and  is  a  series  of  columns,  with  bases  and  fi^li- 
age  caps,  from  which  spring  richly  ornamented  arches.  The 
gable    above   has    a  row   of  niches    for    statuary. 

There  are  a  hundred  and  tlu-ee  windows,  all  of  stained 
glass,  set  in  double  tiers  at  the  sides,  the  lower  thirty- 
two  feet  in  height,  the  upper  twenty-eight,  producing  a 
grand  effect.  Many  of  these  windows  were  executed  in 
Eiu'ope,   and   are  of   great   merit   in    design    and    execution. 

The  interior  will  be  composed  of  the  nave  and  its 
two  side  aisles,  the  transept  forming  the  cross  and  the 
choir.  The  length  within  will  be  three  hundred  and  six 
feet,  the  general  width  ninety-six  feet,  with  chapels  on  each 
side,   each   twelve    feet    Avide. 

The  choir  and  sanctuary  will  have  a  centre  separated 
from  aisles  on  either  side  by  clustered  colunms  of  white 
marble.  The  high  altar  is  of  white  marble,  executed  in 
Italy,  with  a  magnificent  altar  screen  of  colored  marble 
columns,  with    marble   niches    and    statues. 

The  dedication  and  opening  of  this  magnificent  struc- 
ture are  scenes  that  the  Catholics  of  New  York  City  look 
forward   to   with   the    deej^est   mterest. 


VERY    REV.   WILLIAM    QUINN, 

VICAR    GENERAL    OF   THE    DIOCESE    OF    NEW    YORK,    PASTOR    OF    ST. 
PATRICK'S    CATHEDRAL. 


THE  rectorship  of  St.  Patrick's  Cathedral  has  al- 
ways been  a  position  of  importance  in  the 
Catholic  Chiu'ch  on  New  York  Island,  and  has  been 
filled  by  men  of  eniinence  among  the  clergy.  Not  only 
as  the  leading  church,  but  also  as  that  which  for  years 
had  the  most  extensive  parochial  district,  extending  at 
first  far  beyond  the  limits  of  the  island,  St.  Patrick's 
had,  in  those  to  whom  the  bishops,  and  at  a  later  date 
the  archbishops,  confided  the  spiritual  care  of  the  flock 
worshiping  within  its  venerable  walls,  priests  who  will 
not   soon   be   forgotten. 

For  some  years  back  the  rector  has  also  held  the 
onerous  dignity  of  Vicar  General,  devolving  upon  him  as 
the  chief  administrative  officer  of  the  Archbishop  a  host 
of  difficult  and  responsible  duties  in  regard  to  the 
churches,  clergy,  institutions,  and  laity  of  the  diocese, 
requiring  no  ordinary  gifts  and  powers,  as  well  as  sound 
theological  learning  and  vast  experience.  During  the 
occasional  seasons  of  the  absence  of  the  Most  Reverend 
Archbishop    from    the    diocese,    made    more  frequent  in  our 


104^ 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


time  by  tlie  elevation  of  our  revered  Metropolitan  to 
the  Sacred  College  of  Rome,  and  in  those  sad  hom-s 
when  God  has  called  from  among  the  head  of  om*  dio- 
cese, the  administration  of  the  whole  diocese  has  de- 
volved   on    the    Vicar   General. 

Nor  does  even  this  include  all.  The  Vicar  General 
is,  under  the  Ai'chbishop,  Superior  of  many  of  the  com- 
munities of  religious  women,  and  director  of  nearly  all 
others. 

The  selection  by  the  Most  Reverend  Ai-chbishop  of 
a  priest  for  the  two-fold  position  of  Vicar  General  and 
rector  of  the  Cathedi-al  is,  therefore,  in  itself,  an  assm*- 
ance  of  his  conviction  that  the  priest  thus  honored  pos- 
sesses in  an  eminent  degi'ee  the  qualities  of  a  good 
pastor — discernment,  prudence,  learning,  experience,  and 
administrative    skill. 

Tlie  present  rector  of  St.  Patrick's  Cathedi'al,  the 
Very  Rev.  William  Quinn,  Vicar  General  of  the  diocese, 
was  born  in  the  parish  of  Donoughmore,  in  the  County 
of  Donegal,  Ireland,  in  the  year  1821.  He  was  edu- 
cated in  the  primary  studies  in  the  schools  of  the  Dio- 
cese of  Derry,  to  which  he  belonged  by  birth ;  and  as 
he  approached  the  years  of  manhood,  came  to  the 
United   States   in    1841. 

It  was  not  to  seek  a  fortune,  or  acquire  fame  in 
any  professional  career,  but  a  wish  to  serve  God  in  his 
sanctuary,    and   labor    in    a    field  where    priests    were    few 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PATRICK.  104" 

and    the    harvest    was    great,    that    led    him    to    cross    the 
ocean. 

Bishop  Hughes  was  just  completing  his  preparations 
for  establishing  at  Rose  Hill,  Fordham,  a  seminary  to 
supply  his  diocese  with  priests,  and  a  college  to  afford 
young  Catholics  of  New  York  an  institution  where  they 
could  pursue  a  university  coxu'se  withotit  having  every 
science  and  branch  of  learning  imbued  with  the  poison 
of    error. 

Almost  as  soon  as  the  seminary  was  ready  to  re- 
ceive aspirants  for  the  priesthood,  and  a  month  before 
St.  John's  College  was  opened  for  students,  William 
Quinn  entered  his  name  as  a  seminarian  at  St.  Joseph's, 
May  1,  1841.  The  original  system  was  that  of  Mount 
St.  Mary's,  the  faculty  of  the  seminary  directing  the 
college,  and  seminarians  aiding  in  the  college  as  tutors  and 
prefects.  The  Very  Rev.  Mr.  Quinn  was  thus  an  inter- 
ested spectator  in  the  opening  of  St.  John's  College,  and, 
with  the  exception  of  his  Eminence  Cardinal  McCloskey, 
is  the  only  member  of  the  clergy  now  surviving  who 
was  present,  in  any  capacity,  on  that  interesting  occasion, 
so   fruitful   in   good   results   to   the   Diocese  of  New   York. 

After  his  course  of  study  and  labor  in  the  college, 
he  was  raised  to  the  priesthood  by  his  Eminence,  then 
the  Right  Reverend  Coadjutor  of  Archbishop  Hughes.  He 
was  ordained  alone,  in  St.  Patrick's  Cathedi-al,  on  the  17th 
day   of  December,    1845. 


104^ 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


lie  had  already  made  an  essay  in  one  of  the  most 
difficnlt  and  iinpleasant  duties  that  devolve  on  a  priest  in 
this  country.  When  the  Right  Reverend  Bishop  HiTghes 
had  made  some  progress  in  the  erection  of  the  new 
building  for  St.  Joseph's  Seminary  and  the  Church  of 
Our  Lady  of  Mercy  that  adjoins  it,  the  contributions  for 
the  expense  decreased  rapidly.  An  appeal  was  made  by 
the  Right  Reverend  Bishop,  and  the  young  seminarian 
readily  undertook  a  torn'  and  collected  a  large  amount  in 
New   York,    Brooklyn,    and    other   parts. 

Immediately  after  his  ordination  he  was  assigned  to 
St.  Joseph's  Clnu-ch  as  assistant  priest  to  the  experienced 
Rev.  ]\Iichael  McCarron.  He  remained  nearly  four  years, 
zealousl}^  doing  his  share  in  the  Avork  of  the  ministry 
in  the  then  very  large  parochial  district  of  St.  Joseph's, 
under  a  priest  who  never  was  remiss  in  discharging  his 
duties    or    could    allow    others    to   become    so. 

On  the  20th  of  September,  1849,  the  Very  Rever- 
end Bishop  appointed  Rev.  Mr.  Quinn  pastor  of  Rondout, 
but  he  remained  in  that  parish  only  a  brief  term.  At 
that  moment  one  of  the  greatest  diflficidties  of  the  Bishop 
was  the  unfortunate  position  of  affairs  at  St.  Peter's 
Church.  The  trustee  system,  with  inexperience  and  in- 
competence, had  broiight  that  church  to  a  state  of  bank- 
ruptcy that  caused  Avidespread  distress,  and  filled  the 
whole    Catholic   body    with   pain   and    shame. 

In   this   emergency,  Bishop  Hughes,  on  the   1st  of  No- 


CxVTHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PATRICK.  104^ 

vember,  1849,  placed  as  pastor  in  8t.  Potor's  tlio  Rev. 
William  Quinn,  "  then  a  young  man,"  lie  said  at  a  later 
da}' ;  "  bnt  his  wisdom  and  prudence  in  administration 
had   already   been    tested    in    another    difficult   i)osition." 

The  Ijurden  which  the  new  pastor  had  to  face  was 
one  of  no  ordinary  magnitude.  Beside  the  mortgage  debt 
there  Avas  more  than  a  hnndi-ed  thousand  dollars  due, 
mainl}-  in  small  sums  to  jioor  people,  who,  regarding 
the  church  as  a  kind  of  savings  bank,  had  made  it 
the  deposit  of  the  little  hoard  they  had  acquired  by 
years  of  economy.  When  the  church  difficulties  began, 
payment  stopped,  and  for  five  years  nothing  had  been 
paid  them  of  principal  or  interest.  To  relieve  the  church 
from  disgrace  and  repay  these  deposits  was  the  first  care 
of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Quinn.  Harmonizing  all  minds  in  the 
congregation,  burying  in  oblivion  all  past  questions  and 
divisions,  he  inspired  all  with  the  one  idea  of  relieving 
St.  Peter's  from  its  hea^-y  burden.  By  constant  labor,  by 
steady  exertions  and  ingenious  plans,  he  raised  sum  after 
sum  till  he  had  the  consolation  of  reducing  the  indebt- 
edness   to    seven    thousand    dollars. 

During  this  long  struggle  the  ordinary  expenses  of 
the  church  had  to  be  regularly  met,  and  there  were  ex- 
traordinary charges  of  a  serious  natru-e.  The  building  of 
large  storehouses  in  the  rear  of  the  church  threatened 
the  gable  end  of  St.  Peter's.  To  save  it  required  the 
erection  of   a  solid  stone  wall   twenty  feet  high,  with  iron 


104"       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

pillars.  The  necessary  work,  with  iron  railings  required 
around  the    church,  cost    twenty   thousand    dollars. 

In  the  summer  of  1860  he  was  compelled  to  seek 
some  relaxation  from  the  incessant  sti'ain  on  his  whole 
faculties,  and  recruit  his  health,  enfeebled  by  a  sunstroke. 
On  the  advice  that  a  short  sea  voyage  would  benefit 
him,  he  resolved  to  visit  a  reverend  friend  in  Newfound- 
land, but  the  "  Connaught,"  on  which  he  sailed,  was  pre- 
vented by  dense  fogs  from  approaching  the  shore,  and 
after  waiting  in  vain  for  thirty-six  hours,  continued  her 
voyage  across  the  Atlantic.  He  was  thus  unex23ectedly 
enabled  to  visit  liis  aged  mother  and  his  kindred  in  Done- 
gal, to  whom  his  sudden  ajipearance  was  a  most  grati- 
fying  surprise. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Quinn  took  part  in  the  First  Provin- 
cial Council  of  New  York,  held  by  the  Most  Reverend 
Archbishop  Hughes  in  October,  1854.  He  was  also 
present  at  the  Second  Plenary  Coimcil  of  Baltimore,  held 
by  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  Spalding,  as  Delegate 
Apostolic,  in  October,  1866.  He  attended  as  theologian 
of  the  Ai'chbishop  of  San  Francisco,  and  was  assigned  to 
the  Congregation  on  Churches,  the  Maintenance  and  Pres- 
ervation of  Ecclesiastical  Property,  and  also  on  Secret 
Societies ;  and  was  one  of  the  deacons  attending  his 
Grrace  at  the  opening-  mass  of  the  Holy  Grhost,  offered 
by    the   present   Cardinal    McCloskey. 

At    the    Second    Provincial    Council,    held   in    January, 


CATHEDRAL  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PATRICK.  104' 

lis  GO,  he  was  also  present;  and  in  the  Third  New  York 
Synod,  held  in  September,  1868,  he  was  one  of  tlie 
Procm-ators   of  the    Clergy. 

On  the  death  of  the  Very  Rev.  William  StaiTs  he 
was  appointed,  on  the  1st  of  May,  1873,  to  fill  his  po- 
sition as  pastor  of  the  Cathedral,  and  was  also  made 
Viear  General  of  the  diocese.  The  congregation  of  St. 
Peter's  Chm-ch  had,  dming  his  years  of  eai-nest  exertion 
for  their  welfare,  learned  to  appreciate  him,  and  heard 
AA-ith  the  deepest  feeling  that  his  connection  with  them 
was  to  be  so  soon  severed.  The  chnrch  which  he  fonnd 
divided,  weighed  down  with  debt  and  shame,  was  now 
milted,  free  from  all  embarrassment,  and  ready  at  last  to 
turn  its  attention  to  those  great  parocliial  works  which 
were   imperatively   demanded. 

On  the  27th  of  April,  1873,  addressing  the  flock  which 
he  had  directed  for  nearly  twenty-four  years,  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Quinn,  after  alluding  in  an  afi"ecting  manner  to  those  who 
had  been  prominent  in  the  church  work,  but  had  passed 
away,  and  reviewing  his  pastoral  labor,  took  his  farewell 
of  St.   Peter's. 

"When  his  Eminence  Cardinal  McCloskey  sailed  for 
Rome,  August  6,  1875,  the  Very  Rev.  Mr.  Quinn  became 
administrator  of  the  diocese  during  the  absence  of  the 
Archbishop,  and  as  such  exercised  a  supervision  over  the 
whole    diocese    till  the    retm-n   of   the    Cardinal. 

He    was    again    invested    with    similar    powers   when, 


104« 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


early  in  1878,  on  the  death  of  the  late  Pope  Pius  IX. 
of  blessed  memory,  his  Eminence  was  summoned  to  attend 
the    conclave    for   the    election    of   his    successor. 

Besides  the  onerous  duties  that  engaged  his  attention 
as  pastor  of  St.  Peter's,  and  amid  the  manifold  cares  at- 
tendant on  the  positions  he  now  fills,  the  Very  Rev. 
Mr.  Quinn  has  never  relaxed  in  his  active  interest  in  one 
of  the  most  excellent  associations  in  the  diocese — the 
Society  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul.  He  was  one  of  the  first 
to  organize  in  this  city  an  association  which  had  accom- 
plished such  a  world  of  good  in  France,  and  is  a  most 
perfect  model  of  an  organization   for  the   relief  of  distress. 

The  Very  Rev.  Mr.  Quinn,  in  his  clear,  practical 
good  sense,  saw  the  great  merit  of  the  organization,  and 
gave  himself  to  it  heart  and  soul.  He  was  for  years 
the  medium  of  correspondence  between  the  President- 
General  of  the  Society  in  Paris  and  the  conferences  in 
this  country.  When  the  Society  had  sufficiently  developed 
here  he  succeeded  in  having  a  Council  of  Direction  estab- 
lished, and  formed  a  Superior  Council  for  the  confer- 
ences nt)W  included  in  the  circmnscription  of  that  Coun- 
cil. It  is  no  exaggeration  to  say  that  if  the  Society  in  its 
various  branches  throughout  the  city  is  the  instrument 
of  so  much  good  to  the  less  fortunate,  and  a  soiu-ce  of 
so  many  graces  to  the  members,  it  is  due  in  no  small 
degree  to  the  constant  and  urgent  devotion  of  the  Very 
Rev.  William  Quinn,  to  his  unremitting  attendance  at  all  its 
meetings,  and  his  fidelity  to  the  duties  devolving  upon  him. 


CATHEDRAL   CHURCH   OF   ST.  PATRICK. 


105 


R 


OLL  OF 


H 


ONOR. 


Acclas,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Ahearn,  Patrick. 
Ally,  William. 
Bergan,  William. 
Bernard,  James  M. 
Boyle,  Michael. 
Breslen,  Ellen. 
Brogan,  John  C. 
Campbell,  Patrick. 
Carloin,  Jane. 
Carroll,  John. 
Casey,  ^Villianl. 
Cassidy,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Cogan,  Maggie. 
Corr,  Patrick. 
Corrigan,  John. 
Cosgrove,  John. 
Cunningham,  James. 
Currie,  William  A. 
Curry,  Patrick. 
Daly,  Maurice. 
Dempsey,  Patrick. 
Devine,  Michael. 
Dinnan,  Patrick. 
Doherty,  John. 
Doolan,  P. 
Dufify,  Owen. 
Dunn,  William. 
Dunne,  Elizabeth. 
Dwyer,  James. 
Eagleton,  Patrick. 
Fahey,  Patrick. 
Fanning,  Edward. 
Fitzgerald,  James. 
Flanagan,  Edward. 
Fogarty,  William. 
Fox,  John. 
Geoghegan,  Rich'd,  Mrs. 


Gilday,  Patrick. 
Gleason,  John. 
Golden,  Charles. 
Gottsberger,  John  G. 
Cough,  Patrick. 
Green,  John. 
Haggerty,  P21izabeth,Mrs. 
Haggerty,  John. 
Hanlon,  Jose])h. 
Harrison,  Andrew. 
Harrison,  T. 
Hart,  \V.  T.  A. 
Hayes,  James. 
Hayes,  Patrick. 
Hibbits,  Fintan. 
Higgins,  Edward. 
Houghton,  Alex.,  Mrs. 
Keegan,  Thomas. 
Keenan,  John. 
Kehoe,  Andrew. 
Kelly,  Hugh,  Mrs. 
Kelly,  John. 
Lennon,  P. 
Lilly,  Dennis, 
Lorigan,  John. 
McArdle,  Owen. 
McBride,  Sarah,  Mrs. 
IMcCabe,  James. 
McCann,  Bernard  J. 
McCarthy,  Patrick. 
McCoUum,  Patrick. 
McDonald,  Henry. 
McDonough,  John. 
McGill,  James,  Mrs. 
McGinnis,  Hugh. 
McGowan  John. 
McGrade,  Michael. 
McGuire,  Thomas. 
Barr\',  Michael.  Mrs. 


McKeever,  Terence. 
McKeon,  John. 
McLean,  John. 
McNamara,  Patrick. 
Marion,  Peter. 
Marshall,  David  E.,  Mrs. 
ALartin,  Andrew. 
Martin,  John. 
Maxwell,  James. 
Mills,  Mary  E. 
MolloV,  James. 
Moore,  Hugh. 
Mulligan,  Daniel. 
Mulligan,  Peter. 
Murphy,  James. 
Murphy,  James,  Mrs. 
Murphy,  Thomas  J. 
Murphy,  William. 
Newman,  James. 
O'Brien,  j"  J. 
O'Gorman,  Jnmes. 
O'Mealia,  James. 
O'Neil,  Francis,  Mrs. 
O'Reilly,  Francis. 
O'Rorke,  James. 
PurceJl,  John. 
Quigley,  M.  J. 
Quinn,  J.  B. 
Rafferty,  Patrick. 
Reynolds,  Martin. 
Roberts,  William  R. 
Sayrs,  Henry  J. 
Shields,  Andrew,  Mrs. 
Smith,  ALargaret. 
Sullivan,  Mortimer. 
Sullivan,  Thomas. 
Sweney,  John. 
White,  Patrick  M. 


CHURCH    OF   SAINT  AGNES. 

EAST  FOKTY-TIIIKD  tJTREET. 


THE    CHURCH    OF    SAINT   AGNES. 

EAST  FORTY-THIRD  STRJ:ET. 


IN  1873,  the  Archbishop  of  New  York  saw,  l)y  the 
overcrowded  condition  of  the  churches  on  the  east- 
ern side  of  the  city,  and  their  overworked  priests,  that  a 
new  parish  was  needed ;  Avhere  some  zeah)us  pastor  miylit 
rear  a  temple  to  God,  and  direct  the  energies  of  Cath- 
oHc  residents,  who  ah-eady  evinced  that  true  spirit  wliich 
has  peopled  our  country  with  churches  and  pious  in- 
stitutions. 

After  due  consideration,  the  limits  of  the  new  parish 
were  laid  off,  wliich  was  to  be  })laced  under  the  patron- 
age of  that  holy  virgin  mart}T,  St.  Agnes.  It  extends 
from  Madison  to  Third  Avenue,  and  from  Thirty-fourth 
to  Forty-second  Street,  and  from  Fourtli  Avenue  to  East 
River  between  Forty-second  and  Forty-seventh  Streets. 
To  minister  to  the  Catholics  of  the  district,  and  assimie 
the  task  and  responsibilities  of  erecting  a  suitable  clnircli, 
he  selected  the  Rev.  Harry  Cummings  Macdowall,  who 
had,  as  assistant  at  St.  Michael's  Church,  evinced  cour- 
age, energy,  and  devotedness.  He  did  not  slu-Ink  from 
the  burden,  although  the  country  was  suffering  from 
financial     distress,     and     a    general    feeling    of     depression 


108 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


pervaded  the  whole  community,  leaving  thousands  without 
employment,  and  disenchanting  many  of  the  wealthy, 
who  discovered  that  their  fancied  riches  were  as  unreal 
as    foiry    gifts. 

He  explored  his  parish,  to  ascertain  who  Avere  his 
flock,  and  to  let  them  know  their  new  pastor.  Then 
he  secured  a  lease  of  a  hall  over  Croton  ]\Iarket,  in 
Forty-second  Street,  and  having  fitted  it  up  as  a  tempo- 
rary chapel,  distributed  handbills  around  to  announce  the 
fact  to  the  Catholic  residents.  Here,  on  the  13th  of 
July,  1873,  the  sixth  Sunday  after  Pentecost,  the  Holy 
Sacrifice  was  offered  for  the  first  time,  and  the  parish  of 
St.  Agnes  was  organized;  three  masses  being  said  on  the 
opening    day,    and    all    well    attended. 

"Within  a  few  days  after  the  settlement  of  the  parish, 
the  pastor,  who,  with  his  associate,  the  Rev.  A.  Catoggio, 
found  a  home  with  Mr.  Charles  Bradhm-st,  was  en- 
srasred  in  looking'  for  a  site  on  which  to  erect  the  chm-ch. 
A  central  position  is  always  desirable  for  the  convenience 
of  the  pastor  and  his  flock.  A  suitable  location  was 
soon  found,  on  the  north  side  of  East  Forty-third  Street, 
and  pm-chased  on  reasonable  terms  of  the  old  Catholic 
Doherty  family,  and  a  pastoral  residence  acquired  on  easy 
terms    from    Messrs.    Cochran    and    Saulpaugh. 

An  architect  of  ability,  Mr.  L.  J.  O'Connor,  guided 
by  the  views  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Macdowall,  who  had 
studied    abroad    and    here    the   styles    of    architecture    best 


CHUIIOII  OF  ST.  AGNES.  109 

adapted  to  church  edifices  in  crowded  cities,  ckew  up 
plans  for  a  structure  of  sinyuhu-  beauty.  It  full}- 
answered  the  ecclesiastical  wants  of  the  pastor,  and  the 
architectural  judgment  of  the  planner.  The  chui-ch,  as 
thus  aiTanged  upon,  was  at  once  begun.  The  ground 
was  cleared,  the  corner-stone  laid,  and  the  skillful  build- 
ers, Moran  and  Armstrong  and  ]\Iichael  J.  Newman, 
pushed  on  the  work  so  well  and  so  vigorously  that,  in 
January,  1874,  the  first  story  or  basement  of  the  chm'ch 
was  finished.  It  is  remarkable  for  its  strength  of  mason- 
work,  with  a  front  of  solid  gi-anite,  inclosing  a  space  of 
about  ten  thousand  square  feet,  and  being  fourteen  feet 
high. 

The  congregation,  who  watched  M'ith  deep  attention 
the  progress  of  the  edifice  to  which  they  had  contrib- 
uted so  liberally,  saw  here  already  a  far  more  appro- 
jjriate  chapel  fur  divine  Avorship  than  the  hall  they  had 
hitherto  iised.  They  heard  with  jo}'  that  this  basement 
was  to  become  their  chapel.  On  Sundav,  January  11th, 
this  lowly  shrine  was  solenmly  dedicated  by  his  Grace 
Archbishop  McCloskey.  The  procession,  headed  by  the 
archiepiscopal  cross,  wath  acolytes,  priests,  and  the  ven- 
erable Archbishop,  moved  up  the  aisle,  and  tlie  ceremony 
was  performed  by  which  the  place  was  set  apart  for  the 
worship  of  God.  Then  High  Mass  was  offered  iip,  the 
Rev.  Ai'thur  J.  Donnelly  of  St.  Michael's  officiating,  with 
the    Rev.    Messrs.    Pratt   and    Farrelly    as    deacon   and  sub- 


110 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


deacon.  An  eloqnent  sermon  was  preached  by  the  Rev. 
J.  L.  Spaukling,  on  the  persecutions  of  the  Church  and 
the  hfe  of  the  dear  and  hjvely  saint  in  whose  honor 
their  chapel  was  ah-eady  dedicated,  and  then-  magnificent 
chm-ch   would    soon    be. 

The  holy  Fathers  ^ne  with  each  other  in  honoring 
St.  Affnes.  Next  almost  to  the  Inmiaculate  Mother  of 
God,  the  Church  holds  up,  as  a  special  j^atroness  of 
piirit)',  this  youthful  Roman  maiden,  who,  at  the  age  of 
thirteen,  rejected  all  the  suitors  whom  her  wealth  and 
beauty  brought  to  her  feet,  telling  them  that  she  had 
consecrated  her  virginity  to  a  heavenly  spouse,  whom 
mortal  eyes  could  not  Ijeliold.  In  their  disappointment 
they  denounced  her  to  the  Governor  as  a  Christian. 
How  had  Rome  fallen,  ^^'hen  her  sons  could  thus  seek 
power  to  Avreak  their  vengeance  on  a  weak  girl !  But 
she  was  not  weak.  Tlu'eats,  the  sight  of  the  instruments 
of  torture,  failed  to  damit  her.  God  preserved  her  purity 
from  insult  by  a  miracle,  but  the  mmicle  did  not  touch 
the  hearts  of  her  persecutors.  She  was  led  out  to  die, 
and  went,  says  the  great  St.  Ambrose,  more  cheerfully 
than  others  go  to  their  wedding.  Life  was  again  offered 
her;  but,  having  offered  up  a  short  prayer,  she  bowed 
her  neck  at  once  to  worsliip  her  divine  spouse,  and  to 
receive  the  sword  stroke  that  was  to  unite  her  to  Him 
forever. 

From    her    martyrdom   under    Diocletian,   in    303,   her 


CIIUllCII  OF  ST.   AHXES.  m 

fame  has  spread ;  and  our  cit}'  may  well  seek  the  inter- 
cession   of  a    saint    so    dear    to    Heaven. 

A  Sunday-school  was  begun  in  their  first  temporary 
chapel,  and  was  renewed  in  Forty-third  Street.  Though 
small  at  first,  it  soon  grew,  and  the  instruction  of  the 
children  has  been  steailily  kept  up.  To  kindle  the  fire 
of  solid  J)iety  in  the  flock  thus  newly  brought  together, 
the  pastor  in^-ited  the  Kev.  Father  Glackmeyer,  of  the  So- 
ciety of  Jesus,  and  his  associates,  to  give  a  mission  in 
the  temporary  clnu-ch.  It  was  attended  with  most  bene- 
ficial results,  and  at  its  close  the  Sacrament  of  Confirma- 
tion was  administered  l)y  Bishop  Lynch  of  Charleston,  to 
more    than    six    hundi-ed   persons. 

Another  mission  in  the  year  1875  was  equally  pro- 
ductive of  good,  as  may  be  seen  hy  the  fsict  that  on 
that  occasion  Bishop  ]\IcNierny  of  Albany  confirmed  three 
hundi-ed,  most   of   \\liom    were    adults. 

Great  interest  was  taken  in  the  new  church,  an  en- 
tertaimnent  at  the  Academy  of  ]\Iusic  producing  fom*  thou- 
sand dollars.  Others,  given  at  the  Union  League  Theatre 
and  Lexington  Avenue  Opera  House,  also  aided  materially. 
The  grand  ladies'  fair  of  November,  1874,  produced  nearly 
ten  thousand  dollars,  and  encouraged  the  zealous  ladies  to 
undertake    a  second   fair. 

For  a  time  work  was  suspended,  l:)ut  it  was  resumed 
in  April,  1S7(!,  and  the  church  completed  within  a  year 
from  that  period.     It  is   certainly  one  of  the  most  bciiutiful, 


112  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

as  well  as  most  solid  ecclesiastical  structiires  in  the  city. 
The  side  walls  are  strongly  buttressed  on  the  inside,  and 
the  aisles  are  supported  by  stone  and  iron  pillars  of  great 
strength. 

The  style  of  the  cluirch  is  oi'namental  Norman  Gothic. 
The  front  is  of  Ohio  stone  and  excellent  Philadelphia  brick, 
laid  in  cement,  with  stone  trimmings  beautifully  and  ela- 
borately carved. 

Short  flights  of  steps,  rising  easily  from  the  street, 
lead  to  the  tlu-ee  portals.  The  main  entrance  has  been 
well  described  as  almost  a  garden  in  stone,  so  beautiful 
is  the  scvilptured  foliage  around  the  arches,  and  the 
columns  with  their  foliated  capitals.  The  arch  above  the 
doorway  is  a  perfect  mass  of  bold  carving,  the  vine  and 
its  clusters  forming  the  chief  portion.  The  side  entrances, 
though  less  elaborate,  are  in  perfect  keeping,  and  very 
beautiful. 

Above  these  is  a  row  of  low-sized  Norman  windows, 
sm-mounted  by  the  great  choir  window,  of  remarkable 
beauty  in  all  its  details.  The  gable  is  crowned  by  a 
beautiful  Celtic  cross.  On  each  side  are  massive  towers, 
with  buttresses,  terminating  in  small  stone  arched  windows. 
Even  with  the  limited  range  a  city  street  affords,  the  ex- 
terior of  St.  Agnes  impresses  all  who  approach  it  with 
a  sense    of  beauty. 

The  interior  gives  more  scope  for  Catholic  feeling. 
It    consists    of   a   nave,  with    double    aisles    on    each    side. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  AGNES. 


113 


and  double  rows  of  clustered  columns,  with  floriated  capi- 
tals. Those  nearest  the  nave  are  sixty  feet  high,  and  from 
the  floriated  capitals  sjjring-  the  ribs  supporting  the  vaulted 
main  roof.  The  inner  roA^s  of  pillars,  somewhat  shorter, 
support  arches  at  right  angles  to  the  former.  The  orna- 
mentation of  the  ceiling  and  the  walls  is  elaborate  and 
profuse,  yet  not  overloaded.  There  is  a  fine  taste  in  all 
the  adornment,  avoiding  all  corners  or  bare  blank  spaces. 
Tliere  are  galleries  over  the  outer  aisles,  approached  by 
broad,  massive  staircases.  The  floors  of  the  church  and 
the  gallery  descend  gently  towards  the  chancel,  so  that 
the  ser\'ices  at  the  altar  can  be  seen  equally  well  from 
all   parts    of  the    building. 

One  feature  in  the  church  is  that  the  wood-work  is 
all  carved,  or  fluted,  and  finished  up  without  the  use  of 
paint. 

The  sanctuary  is  lighted  by  a  beautiful  chancel  window 
in  five  compartments,  with  a  circular  portion  above.  In 
the  centre  St.  Agnes  is  seen  standing  in  her  cell ;  on 
the  left  is  her  jailer  holding  her  chain,  while  an  execu- 
tioner is  preparing  the  stake  at  wdiich  she  is  to  be 
burned.  (_)n  the  i-iglit  the  Roman  prefect  is  condemning 
her  to  death.  On  either  side  of  these,  in  the  last  com- 
partmentSj  are  the  early  martyrs,  St.  Januarius  and  St. 
Lawrence.  Above  are  seen  anijels  bearino:  the  Palm  of 
Martyrdom,  the   Heavenly  Crown,  and  the   Lamb,  wdiich  is 

the   peculiar   emblem    of  the    saint. 

8 


114 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YOKK. 


Over  the  nltur  ut"  Our  Lady  is  a  window  represent- 
ing' the  Annunciation,  and  over  that  of  St.  Joseph,  one 
in  which  we  behold  our  Lord  appearing  to  the  Blessed 
Margaret  Mary  Alacoque.  The  side  windows  are  adorned 
with  monograms,  legends,  and  the  instruments  of  the 
Passion. 

The  altar  rail,  to  which  a  balustrade  leads  v;p,  is  of 
polished  brass  work,  open  arches  springing  from  pillars ; 
the  side  altars  are  separated  from  the  main  altar  by 
elaborate  screens  of  Gothic  wood-work ;  the  communion 
rail    extending   across    is  beautifully    carved    walnut. 

The  high  altar  is  extremely  beautiful,  surmounted  by 
an  elaborately  carved  Gothic  tabernacle ;  above  is  an 
elaborate  canopy  under  which  stands  a  richly-wrought 
crucifix,  the  gift  of  a  lady  in  the  congregation.  Above 
the  canop}'  is  a  little  niche  terminating  in  a  cross.  The 
background  of  the  altar  is  painted  to  represent  crimson 
silk  tapestry.  The  side  altars,  the  table  resting  on  por- 
phyry pillars  with  rich  tabernacles,  and  statues  of  Our 
Lady  and  St.  Joseph,  harmonize  beautifully  Avith  the  high 
altar.  Above  that  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  is  a  Pieta,  the 
figm'e  of  our  cn;cified  Lord  with  his  IIol}'  Mother  and 
the  two  ]\Iarys.  It  was  a  gift  from  the  late  Barney 
Williams.  Over  that  of  St.  Joseph  is  a  fine  painting  of 
the   Descent   from   the   Cross. 

The  church  thus  beautifid  in  all  its  attributes  is  so 
divided    as    to    give    the    greatest    possible    accommodation. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  AGNES.  115 

It  will  scat  lit'tccn  liuiidrcd  in  its  symmetrical  pews,  and 
the    cliurch   caii,    if  necessar}',   liold  three   thousand    persons. 

Taujilit  by  sad  accidents  ^vliich  have  occurred  of  hite 
years  liere  and  elsewhere,  the  solid  and  rich  doors  all 
open  outwardly,  and  besides  the  tlu'ee  in  front  there  are 
several  others.  Provision  has  been  made  also  for  fire, 
hose  being  provided  at  the  door  and  in  the  vestry,  to 
check  the  progress  of  the  destnictive  element  before  it 
becomes    beyond    control. 

Such  was  the  beautiful  Church  of  St.  Agnes,  when 
prepared  for  its  solemn  dedication,  May  0,  1877.  The 
solemn  ceremony  was  performed  by  his  Eminence  John, 
Cardinal  McCloskey,  assisted  by  the  Very  Rev.  William 
Quin,  V.G. ;  the  Rt.  Rev.  James  L.  Spalding,  Bishop  of 
Peoria ;  the  Rt.  Rev.  William  O'Hara,  Bishop  of  Scranton ; 
Rt.  Rev.  Michael  Corrigan,  Bishop  of  Newark ;  Rt.  Rev. 
John  Loiighlin,  Bishop  of  Brooklyn,  and  about  one  hun- 
di-ed  secular  and  regular  priests,  Dominit'ans,  Franciscans, 
Jesuits,  and  Paulists. 

The  procession  issued  from  the  sacristy  headed  by 
the  cross-bearer  and  acolytes,  followed  by  the  Young 
Ladies'  Sodality,  the  long"  line  of  pi'iests  and  bishops 
chanting  the  Litany  of  the  Saints,  and  closed  by  the 
Cardinal  in  his  crimson  robes,  attended  by  Rev.  P.  J. 
McCloskey    and    Rev.    H.    Pratt. 

The  High  Mass  was  celebrated  by  the  Bishop  of 
Scranton,    and     the     sermon     preached   by    the     Bishop     of 


116 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YOEK. 


Peoria,  whose  eloquent  and  instructive  words  were  listened 
to  with  absorbing  interest.  His  text  was  taken  from  the 
gospel   of  St.    Luke,    chapter   19,    verse    9. 

"Great  monuments,"  said  the  eloquent  divine,  "great 
monuments  to  God  are  built  by  faith,  are  built  by  the  peo- 
ple, are  built  by  those  who  desire  to  show  their  love  for  God 
by  doing  something.  If  the  Catholic  Church  did  not 
require  these    sacrifices,    it   would   not   be    a   true    religion. 

"  I  thank  God  with  all  my  heart  that  I  live  in  an 
age  and  in  a  country  in  which  it  is  no  honor  to  be  a 
Catholic,  in  which  the  very  fact  that  a  man  is  a  Catho- 
lic, if  he  have  any  high  aspirations,  is  against  him.  I  do 
thank  God  witli  all  my  heart  that  no  man,  by  being  a 
true  Catholic,  can  win  honor  or  consideration.  I  do  thank 
God  that  men  must  show  their  belief  by  building  churches, 
by  being  foithful,  by  building-  all  kinds  of  monuments  of 
benevolence,  Ijy  all  good  works.  But  people  sometimes 
grmnble  when  asked  to  assist  in  rearing  temples  to  God. 
They  taUi  about  tlie  times  being  hard ;  but  of  course 
they   love    the    Church   A-ery    much ! 

"  But  since  I  nuist  conclude,  I  liave  no  reason  to  re- 
proach you  with  this,  since  this  very  temple  in  which  we 
are  gathered  would  put  me  to  the  blush,  did  I  so  charge 
you.  Certainly,  you  who  have  helped  Father  Macdowall 
to  build  this  Church  of  St.  Agnes  have  done  nobly; 
and  I  could  not,  for  my  own  part,  think  of  a  saint  more 
worthy    to    dedicate    this    temple    to    than    St.    Agnes ;    for 


i 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  AGNES.  117 

it  seems  especially  desirous  that  we  should  bring  back 
those  great  saints  of  the  martp-s'  ages,  because,  though 
men  are  not  now  put  to  death  or  tortured  for  their  faith, 
yet  that  old  spirit  that  brought  about  the  persecution  of 
the  early  Clii'istians  has  been  again  revived.  Men  say  now, 
as  in  the  time  of  St.  Agnes,  that  you  cannot  be  loyal 
to  Caesar  and  to  God  —  that  you  cannot  be  a  good  citizen 
and  a  good  Catholic.  Do  you  know  why  those  Cloiistians 
died  for  centuries  ?  They  died  for  being  true  to  their 
divine  allegiance ;  they  died  for  the  liberty  to  woi'ship  God 
in  spite  of  states ;  they  died  f(ir  freedom  in  worship.  This 
is  really  the  history  of  all  those  persecutions.  The  Clu-is- 
tians  were  persecuted  because  they  refused  to  acknowledge 
the  supremacy  of  the  Empire  in  religion  as  in  civil  mat- 
ters; and,  after  tlu'ce  hundi-ed  years  of  martyrdom,  they 
conquered  that  ci^-il  liberty  for  all  the  ages.  Now  men 
are  again  talking  tliis  babl)le,  and  certainly  the  battle  is 
being  fought  in  the  world  of  opinions,  in  the  world  of 
convictions.  We  may  have  to  suffer  again;  and,  therefore, 
I  say,  build  temples  to  those  great  martyi's  who  suffered 
and  died  rather  than  give  to  Caesar  the  honor  which  be- 
longs to  God  only,  and  to  His  Church;  who,  rather  than 
yield  their  consciences  to  an  emperor,  a  parliament,  or  a 
congress,  were  willing  to  be  outcasts  from  society,  to  go 
into  banishment,  willing  to  abide  by  God's  good  pleasiu-e." 
At  the  close  of  the  mass,  before  the  benediction,  his 
Eminence   addressed  a  few  words  to  the  conjn'eg-ation.     "I 


118 


CATHOLIC  CUURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


certainly  do  most  sincerely  offer  both  my  thanks  and  con- 
gratvilations  to  the  young  and  devoted  pastor  of  this  Church 
of  St.  Agnes  for  the  good  work  which  he  has  achieved,  not 
only  for  jon,  hut  for  all  the  Catholics  of  this  great  and 
populous  city  of  New  York.  But  for  you,  members  of 
St.  Agnes'  Chiu'ch,  this  is  truly  a  most  happy,  and  will 
ever  be  to  you  and  to  your  children  a  most  memorable  day. 
You  have,  in  God's  providence,  been  enabled  to  build  up 
here  a  beautiful  temple  to  His  honor  and  glory.  You 
have  offered  it  to  Him.  You  have  witnessed  with  what 
ceremonies  the  Holy  Church,  in  the  presence  of  her  bishops 
and  ministers,  has  blessed  and  consecrated  it,  and  then 
offered  it  to  Almighty  God,  begging  Him  to  accept  the 
offering  of  His  loving  and  devoted  childi-en.  And  He 
has    accepted  your  offer." 

The  church  was  thus  opened  for  the  worship  of  God, 
but  the  Association  of  St.  Agnes,  formed  to  create  a  fund 
for  the  building,  was  continued  to  aid  in  extinguishing 
all   debts  incurred    in   its   completion. 

The   clergy,   since   the   organization,   have   been : 

Rev.    H.    C.    Macdowall,    Pastor. 

Rev.   Anthony   Catoggio,    Assistant   in    1873. 

Rev.    Henry  Pratt,  Assistant,  1873  to  the  present  time. 

Rev.  P.  J.  McCloskey,  Assistant,  1876.  Died  Decem- 
ber 2,  1877. 

Rev.    A.    J.    Keogh,    Assistant,    1877. 

Rev.    William   J.    ]\IcClure,    Assistant,  1878. 


I 


CHURCH  or  8T.  AUNES.  Hg 

REV.   HARRY   C.   MACDOWALL, 

PASTOR  OF  ST.  AGNES'  CHURCH. 


THE  Rev.  Ilany  Cummings  Macdowall,  the  active 
Pastor  of  St.  Agnes'  f'hurcli,  is  a  native  of 
Washington,  District  of  Cohimbia,  and  is  of  a  family 
which  has  ah'eady  given  New  York  City  a  priest  of 
mark,  in  the  person  of  liis  uncle,  the  learned  and  brilliant 
Dr.  Jeremiah  W.  Cummings,  so  many  years  identified  with 
St.    Stephen's    Church. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Macdowall  was  born  in  1841,  and  was 
sent  at  an  early  age  to  that  great  seminary  of  the  Ameri- 
can Church,  Mount  St.  Mary's,  Emmittsburg.  After  his 
course  there,  having  devoted  himself  to  the  service  of  God 
in  his  church,  he  completed  his  divinity  studies  in  the 
College  of  the  Propaganda  at  Rome.  At  the  conclusion 
of  his  studies  he  received  minor  orders,  and  the  subdia- 
conate  and  diaconate,  and  was  ordained  priest  on  the 
13th  of  June,  ISd?,  in  the  basilica  of  St.  John  Lateran, 
by  his  Eminence  Cardinal  Constantine  Patrizi,  Bishop  of 
Ostia    and   Velletri. 

On  his  return  to  the  United  States,  he  entered  on 
the  mission  in  the  Diocese  of  New  York,  and  was  ap- 
pointed by  the  IVIost  Reverend  Ai-chbishop,  assistant  at 
St.    Micliael's  (^Imrcli.     In    that  large    parish  he    labored   six 


120 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


years,  winning  tlie  approval  of  liis  ecclesiastical  superiors 
and  the  attachment  of  the  faithful  among  whom  he  min- 
istered. 

When  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  saw,  in  1873, 
the  necessity  of  establishing  a  new  parish,  he  committed 
the  task  to  the  Rev.  Mr.  Macdowall,  as  one  who  seemed 
every  way  fitted  to  undertake  and  cany  out,  undiscour- 
aged  by  disheartening  circumstances,  the  erection  of  the 
new   chm'ch. 

The  forecast  of  the  superior  has  not  proved  falla- 
cious. The  erection  of  a  church  like  that  of  St.  Agnes 
is  a  striking  monmnent  of  zeal,  courage,  and  devotedness ; 
and  the  continuance  of  the  ap^jreciation  of  his  Eminence 
is  shown  clearly  in  the  encoiu'aging  words  before  he  pro- 
nounced his  benediction  on  the  day  of  the  solemn  dedi- 
cation. 

Popular  with  all  classes,  he  has  secured  in  a  won- 
derful degree  the  attachment  of  the  flock  Avhom  it  is  his 
province   to   guide   and   direct. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  AGNES. 


121 


Roll  of  Honor. 


Ahern,  Mary,  Miss. 
Bolger,  John. 
Byrne,  John. 
Cahill,  Michael. 
Campbell,  Bernard. 
Carroll,  Peter. 
Conners,  John  H. 
Conway,  Frederick  V. 
Cronen,  John  F. 
Curran,  Michael  R. 
Donovan,  Patrick  J. 
Draddy,  Robert. 
Duane,  John. 
Duffy,  Mary  F. 
Eagan,  John  J. 
Eagan,  Thomas  F. 
Fogarty,  William. 


Ford,  Thomas. 
Gavin,  Mary. 
Haggerty,  John. 
Hardiman,  Patrick. 
Havey,  James  T. 
Johnson,  James. 
Kelly,  Annie  M. 
Kennedy,  Elizabeth. 
Loughlin,  Thomas. 
McCabe,  Henry. 
McCahill,  B.  F. 
McDonald,  E. 
McElroy,  Francis. 
McGowan,  -Michael. 
McGrath,  Martin  N. 
McHugh,  Michael. 
McManus,  Philip  H. 


McQuade,  Francis. 
Maguire,  John. 
Mann,  George. 
Mansfield,  Henry. 
Matthews,  John. 
Miller,  William. 
Mullan,  Michael. 
Murphy,  Kate. 
Murray,  Julia. 
O'Connell,  Edward. 
O'Donnell,  John  J. 
O'Hara,  James. 
O'Neill,  Bernard. 
Reilly,  Lawrence,  Mrs. 
Ryan,  Terese. 
Yoniell,  James. 


CHURCH  OF   SAINT  ALPHONSUS   LIGUORI. 

SOUTH  FIFTFI  AVENUE. 


CHURCH   OF  ST.   ALPIIONSUS   LIGUORI. 

S  O  U  '1'  11     1'  I  1'  r  H    A  V  E  N  U  K  . 


THE  German  Catliollcs  of  New  York  owe  an  im- 
mense debt  of  gratitude  to  the  Fathers  of  the 
Congregation  of  the  Most  Holy  Redeemer.  Tlie  hibors  of 
individual  priests  liad  been  unable  to  meet  the  wants  of 
that  rapidly  increasing  portion  of  the  Catholics,  and  the 
supply  of  secular  priests  was  precarious;  but  when  a 
zealous  and  numerous  body  of  missionaries  entered  the 
field,  they  soon  found  that  a  chiu'ch  in  one  part  of  the 
city    did   not    accomplish    all    they    desired. 

There  had  been  no  church  on  the  west  side  of  the 
city  ^\'here  German  Catholics  could  receive  instruction  in 
their  own  language.  In  1847,  the  Rt.  Rev.  Bishop  Hughes 
authorized  the  Fathers  of  the  Congregation  of  the  ]\Iost 
Holy  Redeemer  to  establish  a  mission  near  the  North 
River.  They  secm-ed  a  jdot  of  ground  in  Thompson 
Street,  and  there,  on  the  8th  of  September,  the  corner- 
stone of  a  church,  to  be  under  the  invocation  of  the  holy 
fomider  of  their  congregation,  St.  Alphonsus  Mar}'  Liguori, 
was  laid  by  Bishop  Hughes.  Rarely  has  a  church  sprung 
into  existence  with  such  speed  as  this  one.  In  less 
than    three  months,    the  edifice,    under  the   impidse  of   Rev. 


124 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


Father  Galiriel  Emnpler,  C.SS.R.,  was  ready  for  the  use  of 
the  congreg-ation.  Tlie  Chiu'ch  of  St.  Alphonsus  was 
eig'hty-six  feet  long-  ]>y  fifty  feet  Avide.  It  was  plain  and 
iin])retending',  and  cost  only  five  thonsand  dollars;  l^nt  it 
was  complete,  with  a  hig-li  altar,  a  chapel  of  Onr  Lady, 
Avith  a  convenient  sacristy  behind,  and  little  chapels  on 
either  side  of  the  sanctuary,  connected  with  it  by  lateral 
doorways,  and  reached  from  the  aisles  of  the  church  by 
open  arches.  There  was  a  spacious  gallery  at  the  west 
end,  and  tlie  whole  church  was  plastered  and  painted.  The 
basement  was  not  yet  ready  for  the  school,  but  an  out- 
lay of  a  thousand  dollars  more  would  fit  up  proj^erly  the 
five  needed  class-rooms,  as  to  which  there  would  be  no 
delay. 

On  the  25th  of  November,  the  Rt.  Rev.  Dr.  Hughes 
dedicated  this  interesting-  church  with  the  usual  ceremonial. 
.  The  chm'ch  seemed  indeed  under  the  patronag-e  of 
the  great  St.  Alphonsus  Liguori,  who,  great  as  a  mis- 
sionary, great  as  a  bishop,  great  in  the  Order  which  he 
founded,  and  the  works  he  wrote,  continues  to  instruct 
the  priests  of  the  church  by  his  theology,  and  to  evan- 
gelize the  people  of  all  lands  by  the  priests  of  his  con- 
gregation, as  his  works  continue  to  nom-ish  piety  in  the 
hearts  of  the  faithful,  winning  them  to  the  Love  of  Jesus, 
by  his  Visits ;  to  the  Love  of  Mary,  by  his  Glories ;  to 
seek  final  perseverance,  by  his  Treatise  on  Prayer ;  and 
to    avoid    sin,    b}-    his    Commandments    and    Sacraments. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  ALPIIONSUS  LIGUOIII.  125 

St.    Alplionsiis    is    almost    .1    saint    of    our    own    times. 
Born    at    Naples,    of    an    ancient    noble    family,    September 
26th,    1G96,   he   entered,   after  a  pious   and    studious   youth, 
the  profession  of  the  law;    but  was   soon   convinced  of  the 
hollowness    of    all    earthly    things,    and    entered    the    eccle- 
siastical   state.     After   his    ordination,  he  began  giving  mis- 
sions   to    revive    the   religious    feelings    and    instruction    of 
the    neglected    classes.       To    carry    on    his    work,    he    gath- 
ered   a  few  zealous   priests,  and    founded    at    La    Scala   the 
Congregation   of  the    Most   Holy  Redeemer.     The   feme   @f 
tlie  wonders  wrought  by  St.  Alphonsus  and    his   missioners 
spread    tlu-ough    Italy.       Pope     Clement     XIII.,     in     1762, 
forced    him    to    accept    the    See    of    St.    Agatha    dei    Gotti. 
He    became  a  model  for  bishops,  as  he  had  been  a  model 
for    priests.       Austerity    and    labor    seemed    to    prolong    an 
existence    prized    by    all.     When  nearly   eighty,    deaf,    bent, 
blind,  he  solicited  permission   to  resign  his   see;     the  Pope 
declined,    not    to    deprive    the    diocese    of    the    exami)le    of 
such    sanctity.       When     finally    Pius    VI.     yielded    to    his 
entreaty,  he  retired  to  a  house  of  his  order  at  Nocera,  and 
died   there    at    the    age   of  ninety,   August    1st,    1787,  sanc- 
tifying  the    time  when    Doctor    Carroll    was    organizing  the 
Church  here  as   Prefect,  and  the  Pope  was  about  to  estab- 
lish   the    See   of    Baltimore.      He    was    beatified    by    Pope 
Pius  VII.  in   1816,   and  canonized  by  Pope    Gregory  XVI. 
in    1839. 

The    Chm-ch    dedicated   to    this    saint,    wliom    the    late 


126 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


Sovereign  Pontiff  declared  a  Doctor  of  the  Church,  was, 
from  the  first,  jjroductive  of  great  good.  It  was  espe- 
cially the  parochial  centre  of  the  Germans  on  the  west- 
em  side  of  the  cit)^ ;  but  many  English-speaking  Catholics, 
as  there  was  no  chiu-ch  west  of  Broadway  between 
St.  Peter's  and  St.  Joseph's,  availed  themselves  of  the 
services  of  St.  Alphonsus.  The  cluu'ch  was  for  many 
years  attended  from  the  convent  adjoining  the  Chm'ch 
of  the  Most  Holy  Redeemer,  in  Third  Street ;  but  in 
1866,  Archliishop  McCloskey  and  the  superiors  of  the  order 
agreed  that  it  was  more  advisable  to  have  some  Fathers 
residing  permanently  near  the  church,  in  order  to  give 
the  faithful  their  undivided  attention.  By  a  document  of 
the  Most  Reverend  ArchVtishop,  dated  Sept.  24th,  1866,  it 
was  to  1)0  no  longer  a  parochial  l)ut  a  missionary  cliiu'ch. 
The  Fathers  attached  to  it  Avere  allowed  to  i)reach  and 
hear  confessions  in  all  those  languages  in  Avhich  it  was 
thought  they  could  render  aid  to  the  faithfid.  ^loreover, 
they  were  allowed  to  perform  in  said  church  all  the  ser- 
vices and  ecclesiastical  functions  prescribed  and  permitted 
liy  their  rule.  Accordingly,  on  the  9tli  of  November,  the 
Rev.  F.  Nicholas  Jaeckel,  C.SS.R.,  with  some  other  mem- 
bers of  the  congregation,  took  up  their  abode  at  the 
parochial  residence,   No.  6   Thompson    Street. 

It   was   soon   evident   that   the  old   clnu'ch   was   inade-  ** 
quate   to    the    wants    of    the    mixed    congregation    that    at- 
tended it.     Both  the  German  and  English-speaking  portions. 


ClIUKCir  OF  ST.  ALniONSUS  LIGUOIH.  127 

Mttiiclicd  alike  to  the  fliurcli  of  St,  Alplioiisus  and  tlie 
iiiiiiistratloiis  of  the  Fathers,  ^vere  anxious  to  rear  a  nobler 
and  more  spacious  structure  in  liis  lioiior.  A  liuildin<^ 
society  Avas  soon  formed,  and  German,  Irish,  and  Ameri- 
can   Catholics    co-operated   in   harmony. 

Groinid  was  secured  so  as  to  run  through  from 
Thompson  to  Lanrens,  or  South  Fifth  Avenue,  and  plans 
dr«wn  for  tlie  erection  there  of  a  clnirch,  to  be  one 
lumdred  and  sixty-two  feet  in  length  by  eighty  feet  in 
width.  The  corner-stone  was  laid  on  the  4th  of  Septem- 
ber, IS 70,  with  imposing  ceremonies.  The  children  con- 
nected with  the  school  came  in  procession  to  the  ground ; 
a  long  line  of  clergy,  preceding  the  Archbishop,  next 
arriveil,  and  took  their  stations  on  a  platform.  Con- 
fraternities and  temperance  societies,  with  bands  of  music, 
came  in  orderly  succession,  and  di-ew  up  in  double  line 
around    the    site    of  the    church. 

Archbishop  ]\rc( 'loskey,  in  cope  and  mitre,  proceeded 
to  the  stone  and  blessed  it  in  the  manner  prescribed  by 
the  ritual  of  the  Church,  and,  chanting  the  Miserere, 
made  the  circuit  of  the  ground  mai'ked  out  for  the  sacred 
edifice. 

In  his  address  to  the  vast  audience,  the  Archbishop 
congratulated  the  people  and  their  pastors  on  the  interest 
they  displayed,  in  which  he  himself  joined  most  fully. 
"You  will  not  allow  it  to  fail,"  he  said;  "you  will  give 
and     give     again,     and     make     generous     sacrifices     to     this 


128 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


work,  which  is  to  be,  we  trust,  the  source  of  niauy 
blessing's  in  tlie  midst  of  this  vast,  and  alas  !  I  must 
add,  wicked  cit}',  that  needs  all  the  opportunities  of 
religious  instruction,  and  sources  of  religious  grace,  and 
means  of  heavenly  benediction,  that  can  possibly  be 
multiplied    Avithin    it." 

After  an  addi-ess  in  German  by  Father  Ilelmpraecht, 
C.SS.R.,  the  Archbishop  closed  the  ceremonies  of  the  day 
Avitli    his    benediction. 

In  little  more  than  a  year,  the  new  churcli  was 
ready  to  receive  the  flock  around  the  altai".  The  modest 
five  thousand  dollar  chm'ch  had  been  replaced  by  one 
that  cost  two  hundred  and  seventy-five  thousand.  Its 
front  is  surmounted  by  a  stone  statue  of  the  Holy 
Doctor,  raised  to  the  spot  April  28th,  1871.  It  is  one 
of  the  most  impressive  churches  in  the  city,  in  the  dim 
religious  light,  the  feeling  of  awe  and  repose  that  seems 
to  reign  witliin.  It  is  built  solidl}-  of  brick,  faced  with 
Ohio  brown  stone,  varied  with  Ulster  Coiuit}-  blue  stone, 
and  will  seat  eighteen  hundi'ed  j^ersons.  After  passing  the 
railing,  on  the  line  of  the  street,  a  flight  of  steps  leads  up 
to  the  tln-ee  portals.  Confessionals  line  the  sides  of  the 
church,  with  the  Stations  of  the  Cross,  carved  in  relievo,  be- 
tween them.  The  whole  interior  is  beautiful  in  design 
and  decoration,  leading  the  eye  and  thought  to  centre  in 
the  altar.  This  was  made  in  Munich,  at  a  cost  of  twelve 
thousand    dollars,    and   is   an    elaborate    and   graceful  work. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  ALPHONSUS  LIGUORI. 


129 


rifli  in  its  green  marble  pillars,  its  profuse  gilding,  its 
niches  with  statues  of  saints.  The  organ  is  worthy  of 
the    rhurdi. 

It  was  solemnly  dedicated  on  the  7th  of  April,  1S72, 
by  his  Grace  the  Archbishop  of  New  York,  assisted  by 
the  Very  Rev.  William  Starrs,  V.G. ;  Rev.  Fathers  Tschen- 
hens,  Cronenberg,  and  Wirth.  After  the  prescribed  cere- 
monies, a  Pontifical  High  Mass  was  offered  l)y  the  Right 
Re^^  Ignatius  Persico,  then  Bishop  of  Savannah,  ^^•it]l 
Father  Freitag  as  assistant.  Father  Schadler  as  deacon, 
and  Father  Oberle  as  subdeacon.  In  the  sanctuary  were 
a  number  of  clergymen  of  New  York  and  the  adjoining 
dioceses.  Two  sermons  were  preached  —  one  in  English 
by  the  Rev.  Joseph  Henning,  C.SS.R.,  of  St.  Louis,  and 
another  in  German  by  Rev.  Father  Loewekamp,  C.SS.R., 
of   Philadelphia. 

After  a  few  remarks,  Arclibishop  l\IcCloskey  bestowed 
his  benediction,  and  the  vast  crowd  dispersed,  including 
the  Independent  Rifle  Company,  the  Societies  of  the 
Churches  (if  the  Most  Holy  Redeemer,  Our  Lad}-  of  Sor- 
rows, St.  John  the  Baptist,  and  St.  Francis  of  Assisi.  In 
the  evening.  Bishop  Persico  delivered  a  sermon,  closing 
the  consoling  exer'-Ises  of  the  first  day  In  the  new  Chiu-ch 
of   St.  Alphonsus. 

On  the  28th  of  the  same  month,  the  church  wit- 
nessed a  sj^ectacle  peculiarly  consoling  to  the  Irish  por- 
tion of  the  faithful  attending  the  church.  The  members 
9 


130 


CATHOLIC  CllUECUES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


of  the  St.  Patrick's  Alliance,  Father  Matthew  Temperance 
Societies,  and  other  similar  bodies,  moved  from  Union 
Square  to  the  cluu'ch,  the  first  society  bearing  a  beauti- 
ful green  banner  given  to  the  Alliance  by  the  Nun  of 
Kenmare.  An  eloquent  sermon  was  })reached  by  Father 
Burke,  C.S.SR.,  who  solemnly  blessed  the  banner. 

Since  its  erection  it  has  been  constantly  increasing  its 
good  work,  and  is  a  favorite  with  many  a\'1io  at  certain 
times  can  even  attend  mission  services  here  and  yet  fol- 
low their  regular  work.  The  sight  of  stalwart,  serious  men 
pouring  out  of  a  church  at  a  dim  hour  of  the  morning,  in 
their  working  garb,  impressed  all  who  beheld  it,  and  a 
foreign  artist  sketched  the  scene  as  one  of  the  most 
striking   tliat   he   had    witnessed    in    America. 

Connected  with  the  church  are  the  following  socie- 
ties :  St.  Michael's  Beneficial  Society,  St.  Alphonsus'  Bene- 
ficial Societv,  and  St.  Alphonsus'  Temperance  Society.  It 
has  a  well  managed  parochial  school-house,  where  about 
two  hundred  and  fifty  children  are  instructed  by  four 
School     Sisters  of   Notre    Dame. 

St.  Alphonsus  Church  has  liad  tlie  following  rectors :  — 

Nov.  7,   18G6,  Rev.  Nicholas  Jaeckel,  C.SS.R. 

Jidy,   1868,  Rev.  Fekreol    Girardey,  C.SS.R. 

Feb.,   1870,  Rev.  William   Wayricu,  C.SS.R. 

Dec,   1872,  Rev.  Eugene    Grimm,  C.SS.R. 

July,  1877,  Rev.  Joseph  Wirth,  C.SS.R.,  who  is  now 
assisted   by  seven   priests. 


CHUliCII  OF  ST.  ALl'HONSUS  LIGUORI.  131 

REV.  JOSEPH  WIRTII,  C.SS.R., 

PASTOR    OF    ST.  ALPHONSUS'    CHURCH,    SOUTH    FIFTH    AVENUE. 


THIS  clergyman,  wlio  has  directed  the  church  for  the 
hist  year,  was  horn  in  1832  at  Coblentz  on  the 
Rhine,  in  the  territory  of  Prussia.  After  passing  through 
the  gymnasium  in  his  native  phice,  where  he  kept  him- 
self unsullied,  he  made  his  choice  of  a  state  of  life.  Leav- 
ing home  and  country  behind,  he  proceeded  to  Belgium, 
and  at  the  age  of  eighteen  applied  for  admission  as  a  candi- 
date in  the  novitiate  at  St.  Trond.  He  soon  came  to  the 
United  States  with  other  missionaries  of  the  order,  and 
completed  his  theological  studies  at  the  House  of  Studies, 
established  by  the  Redeniptorists  at  Cumberland,  Mary- 
land. He  received  the  holy  order  of  priesthood  from  the 
hands  of  the  learned  and  Most  Rev.  Francis  Patrick 
Kenrick,  D.D.,   Ai-chbishop   of   Baltimore,    in    June,    1857. 

He  was  engaged  in  missionaiy  labor  for  more  than  ten 
years,  residing  at  various  houses  of  liis  order.  From  1859 
to  1862  he  was  connected  with  the  Redemptorist  Convent 
attached  to  the  Church  of  St.  Alphonsus,  on  Saratoga 
Street,  Baltimore.  The  next  two  years  we  find  him  among 
the  priests  of  St.  Peter's  Convent,  Philadelphia,  who  direct 
the  Chm-ch  of  St.  Peter,  on  Fifth  and  Franklin  Avenues ; 
then  again  in   the  Church  of  St.  Alphonsvis,   Baltimore. 


132  CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  life  of  a  religious  of  this  order  is  spent  in 
study,  iu  the  constant  exercise  of  the  ministry — preaching, 
visiting  the  sick,  hearing  confessions,  and  counseling  or 
directing  the  many  who  come  to  such  experienced  priests 
for  guidance :  now  perhajDS  a  Protestant  in  whose  mind 
and  heart  the  light  of  truth  and  grace  are  struggling 
with  the  prejudices  and  calumnies  instilled  from  child- 
hood ;  again  some  Catholic,  long  remiss,  a  prey  to  doubt, 
or  one  fervent,  faitliful,  but  pei-plexed  Avith  cares,  anxi- 
eties, uncertainties ;  mothers  anxious  for  their  sons  or 
daughters ;  wives  wishing  to  reclaim  husbands ;  souls 
feehng  called  to  a  higher  life ;  others  with  no  fixed 
ideas;  all  requiring  patience,  judgment,  and  knowledge  of 
religion  and  of  the  human  heart  to  guide  aright.  In 
1868,  the  Rev.  Father  Wu-th  was  appointed  rector  of  St. 
Michael's  Chirrch,  Baltimore,  and  in  1871,  the  i-ector  of 
the  Church  of  the  Most  Holy  Redeemer,  in  Third  Street, 
New  York,  a  position  of  great  importance  and  responsi- 
bility,   which   he    filled   to    the    satisfaction    of  all. 

In  July,  1877,  he  became  pastor  of  the  Chm-ch  of 
St.  Alphonsus,  and  superior  of  the  little  community  of 
Fathers  who  occupy  the  convent  adjoining  the  church, 
where  they  cany  out  in  an  edifying  manner  the  iiile 
of  the  holy  doctor  of  the  Chm-ch  who  founded  the  con- 
gregation to  which  they  belong,  and  who  is  the  revered 
patron   of  the    chm-ch    imder   their   care. 

The    associates    of    the    reverend    pastor   in    the    year 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  ALPHONSUS  LIGUORI. 


133 


1878  were  the  Rev.  Eugeue  Griimn,  C.SS.R;  the  Rev. 
Adam  Kreis,  C.SS.R.;  the  Rev.  Phihi^  Rossbach,  C.SS.R.; 
the  Rev.  Charles  Rathke,  C.SS.R.;  the  Rev.  James  Keltz, 
C.SS.R.;  the  Rev.  Matthew  Bohn,  C.SS.R.;  and  the  Rev. 
Phihp    Colonel,    C.SS.R. 


Roll  of  Honor. 


Alberi'iz,  Jacob. 
Angermeyer,  Andrew. 
Aufenanger,  Anton. 
Aufenanger,  F. 
Aufenanger,  John. 
Aufenanger,  J.  L. 
Baeder,  Catharine. 
Bampf,  Joseph. 
Bechold,  George. 
Beine,  Herman. 
Berger,  Catharine. 
Berk,  Peter. 
Biegel,  Mrs. 
Blank,  Anna. 
Blank,  George. 
Blesch,  John. 
Blessncr,  Clement. 
Blum,  llennan. 
Bode,  W. 
Boes,  Werner. 
Bracht,  W. 
Braeker,  William. 
Brager,  William. 
Bruns,  Joseph. 
Burkhardt,  E. 
Buschmann,  Bernard. 
Cort,  John. 
Dahman,  Henry. 
Dahn,  Christina. 
Decker,  Elizabeth. 
Deiter,  Louis. 
Deitmering,  Gerhard. 
Derenthal,  W. 
Dierker,  Hubert. 
Dryer,  John. 
Dumpel,  Henry. 
Uumpel,  Joseph. 


Ehrhardt,  Emilia. 
Engel,  B. 
Etzel,  Albert. 
Etzel,  Joseph. 
Etzel,  Philip. 
Fahle,  John. 
Ferber,  Gottfried. 
Fett,  Anna. 
Firnstein,  B. 
Fischer,  Martin. 
Fleckner,  John. 
Fleischer,  E. 
Fleischer,  M. 
Fries,  Margaret. 
Germetden,  J. 
Gersbach,  Joseph. 
Haffner,  Charles. 
Hahn,  Anna. 
Halk,  Jacob  B. 
Hanakamp,  Franz. 
Hartman,  August. 
Heberman,  George. 
Heide,  Henry. 
Heidnes,  Arnold. 
Heinrich,  John. 
Hensle,  George. 
Henze,  W.  J. 
Kerch,  Frank. 
Herdt,  Minnie. 
Herm,  Xavier. 
Hitzel,  Anna  M. 
Horn,  John  A. 
Hoppe,  August. 
Hufen,  N. 

Hughes,  Patrick,  Mrs. 
Huhua,  John,  Jr. 
Horstman,  Caspar. 


Keck,  Henry. 
Kirchner,  Caspar. 
Klovekorn,  Henry. 
Kliimke,  Gerard. 
Klung,  Andrew. 
Knapp,  Franz. 
Knaup,  Franc,  Mrs. 
Knoedel,  Vic,  Mrs. 
Kracht,  Franz. 
Kretzdorn,  Ignatius. 
Krompfeifer,  A. 
Krompfeifer,  W. 
Kuclmer,  Caspar. 
Lammle,  Joseph. 
Lecher,  John. 
Leinneweber,  John. 
Link,  Joseph. 
Linneman,  Henry. 
Liiking,  P.,  Mrs. 
Mainardy,  Henry. 
Mattes,  John. 
Millemann,  Catharina. 
Miiller,  Bernard. 
Miiller,  John. 
Miiller,  "Nicholas. 
Mumbach,  Matthias. 
Mutz,  Martin. 
Nalter,  Franz. 
Neckert,  Franz. 
Nutt,  John. 
Nutt,  Louis. 
Ocker,  Anton. 
Oehnhausen,  ]". 
Oehnhausen,  Louis. 
Ott,  John. 
Otten,  Joseph. 
Pohle,  John. 


Pugel,  Anton. 

Rebholz,  J. 

Rehermann,  Charles. 

Ridder,  Herman. 

Riegler,  Jacob. 

Rittweger,  John. 

Sachs,  Michael. 

Baling,  Frederick. 

Sassa,  Charles,  Mrs. 

Schaumwecker,  Calh. 

Schmidt,  A. 

Schmidt,  Jacob. 

Schmidt,  Josejih. 

Schneider,  Daniel. 

Schrapfer,  John. 

Schussler,  John. 

Seller,  Margaret. 

Serf,  Nicholas. 

Siefers,  August. 
Sommer,  Charles. 
Staab,  Henry. 
Stengel,  Caspar. 
Stoll,  Jacob. 
Thiel,  Nicholas. 
Thole,   Henry. 
Thone,  Frederick, 

Uhl,  George. 
Volker,  Joseph. 
Voss,  Frederick. 
Walgerin,  Amelia,  Mrs. 
Weiserbach,   Joseph. 
Wertzen,  Catherine. 
Wilhelm,  Anton. 
Wingenfeld,  Moritz. 
Winkle,  John. 
Wuhl,  Barbara. 
Zink,  Margaret. 


(J  li  U  U  C  H     ()  F     S  A  I  N  'J'    AND  R  E  W 

ULANE  STKKKT  AND  (TTY  TIAU,  PLACE 


ST.  ANDREW'S  CHURCH. 

DUANE  STREET  AND   CITY   HALE  PEACE. 


WHEN  the  Catholics  of  New  York  began  to  agi- 
tate against  the  injustice  whicli  deprived  their 
paroc-hial  schools  of  the  portion  of  the  fund  so  long  paid 
to  them,  and  so  honestly  and  beneficially  expended,  in  order 
to  devote  the  whole  school  money  of  the  community  to 
the  Public  School  Society,  in  whose  institutions  Catholic 
children  were  required  to  learn  as  lessons  insults  to  their 
faith  and  libels  on  theii*  clergy,  the  meetings  foiuid  no 
convenient  place  of  assemblage.  The  basements  of  St. 
James'  and  other  churches  were  at  first  used,  but  as  it 
became  evident  that  the  stru"'<'le  for  their  ri"hts  as  American 
citizens  was  not  to  be  a  Ijrief  one,  a  hall  in  a  central 
position  became  desirable.  It  is  one  of  the  curious  facts 
in  relation  to  New  York  City  that  you  can  almost  always 
find  a  Protestant  church  for  sale.  This  has  often  proved 
advantageous,  and  did  so  in  the  present  case.  In  1818, 
the  Universalists  erected  on  the  corner  of  Duane  Street 
and  Augustus,  now  City  Hall  Place,  a  substantial  brick 
liuilding  sixty-seven  feet  square.  The  congregation  had 
faded  away;  the  basement  \\as  used  for  storing  wine  and 
ale.  The  leasehold  on  the  property,  which  had  nineteen 
years    to    run,  was    accordingly  purchased    by  the  Catholics 


136  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

earlv  in  1.S41,  for  $5,400,  ^\itli  tlie  view  of  using-  the 
building  for  their  meeting-s.  It  received  the  name  of 
Carroll  Hall,  and  as  such  it  became  identified  witli  the 
agitation  and  with  the  ticket  wliich  the  Catholics  were 
forced  to  adopt  when  the  politicians  of  the  two  politi- 
cal  parties    pledged   themselves    to   resist    their    claim. 

A  more  equitable  school  system  was  at  last  adopted 
by  the  Legislatm'e,  and  the  immediate  need  passed  for 
maintaining  a  public  hall ;  but  Bishop  Hughes  found 
that  the  growing  Catholic  j^opulation  in  that  neighborhood 
required  a  new  church,  the  accommodations  afforded  by 
St.  Peter's,  the  Transfigm-ation,  and  St.  James',  being  insuf- 
ficient. 

The  project  waj^  warmly  taken  xip  by  the  Rev.  An- 
di-CAv  Byrne,  long  pastor  of  St.  James',  and  by  his  zeal 
and  energy  the  building  was  speedily  repaired  and  fitted 
up  for  the  offering  of  the  Holy  Sacrifice  according  to 
our  admirable  and  ancient  ritual;  and  ere  long  the  fee 
was    acquired,    and   it    became    entirely    Catholic    property. 

On  the  19th  of  March,  1842,  it  was  solemnly  ded- 
icated in  honor  of  St.  Andi-ew  by  the  Right  Reverend 
Bishop  Hughes,  who  delivered  a  sermon  long  remem- 
bered by  the  people  whose  happiness  it  Avas  to  hear 
his  eloquent  words.  The  High  Mass  was  celebrated  by 
Bishop  Benedict  J.  Fenwick  of  Boston,  who  had  in  early 
life  labored  so  earnestly  and  devoutly  to  Ijuild  up  Cath- 
olicity in    om-    city.      In   the    sanctuary  were    many   of  the 


ST.  ANDREW'S  CHURCH.  137 

prie.sts  of  the  (•liurclu'S  on  tlie  island,  tlu'ee  of  whom, 
Rev.  Mes.srs.  IJyrne,  Quarter,  and  Bacon,  wen?  soon  to 
become    members    of  tlie    liierarchy. 

Tlie  Churches  of  the  two  holy  Apostles  —  "  The  first, 
Simon,  who  is  called  Peter,  and  Andrew  his  brother"  — 
thus  stand  about  equally  distant  from  our  municipal  Park, 
as    if   guardians    of   oiu*    cit}''s    weal. 

It  was  the  j)rivile<'e  of  St.  Andrew  to  be  the  first 
of  the  Apostles  to  know  oiu'  Lord,  and  his  special  grace 
to  have  Jesus  ])ointed  out  to  him  as  the  promised 
Messias  by  St.  John  the  Baptist,  whose  disciple  he  was. 
He  it  was  who  led  to  the  feet  of  Jesus  his  greater 
brother  Peter,  and  humljh'  took  an  inferior  place  among 
the  chosen  disci2:)les.  His  field  of  missionary  labor  was  that 
part  of  Southern  Russia  where  France  and  England  grap- 
pled with  her  power,  and  the  parts  of  Turkey  just  swept 
by  the  ]\Iuscovite  hordes.  His  glorious  life  closed  as  did 
his  brother's,  by  martyrdom  on  the  cross;  but  its  form 
differed  also  from  our  Lord's,  being  like  the  letter  X. 
He  won  his  triumph  at  Patra,  in  Greece,  and  is  honored 
as    a    special    patron    by    Russia    and    by    Scotland. 

The  Rev.  Andrew  Byrne  became  the  pastor  of  this 
new  church,  and  soon  after,  on  the  1st  of  Ma}-,  deliv- 
ered an  eloqiient  discourse  on  the  life,  character,  and 
services  of  Bishop  England,  then  recently  deceased.  He 
organized  the  parish  with  the  abilit}-  he  had  elsewhere 
displayed,    but    w;is     not     long     afterwards    called    away    to 


138 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


direct  the  new  Churcli  of  the  Nativity,  in  which  he  liad 
been  interested  fmm  tlie  first.  He  was  succeeded  hy 
the  Rev.  John  Maginness,  also  fi-oni  St.  James'  Chiu'ch. 
Under  his  direction  the  parisli  Ijecame  important  in  nnm- 
hers  and  the  increasing  fidehty  of  the  ])eople  to  all  the 
duties    required   by    their    f\xith. 

In  1850  the  pastorship  was  confided  by  the  Host 
Reverend  Archbishop  to  a  priest  already  experienced  in 
parochial  life,  who  was  continuing  the  zealous  hil)ors  of 
his  uncle  and  namesake,  for  many  j'ears  a  priest  in  the 
Diocese  of  New  York.  This  was  the  Rev.  IVIichacl  T'ur- 
ran,  Jr.,  who  was  appointed  to  St.  Andrew's  C'lnn-ch  in 
lSf)0,  and  is  still,  after  twenty-eight  years'  pastoral  labor, 
its  parish  ])riest.  The  long  connection  shows  the  har- 
mony existing  between  the  pastor  and  his  ilock,  and  its 
annals  also  show  that  the  churcli  retained  as  assistant, 
for  nearly  twenty  years,  a  Polish  jn-iest,  kno^vn  to  many 
of  our    citizens,    the  Rev.    Lewis    Terhykowicz. 

Among  the  interesting  incidents  in  the  history  of  the 
chiu'ch,  may  be  noted  an  impressive  one  on  the  30th  of 
May,  1858.  Nearly  five  hundred  persons  were  confirmed. 
Among  them,  an  aged  and  infirm  man  named  John  Burns, 
who  had  never  received  that  sacrament,  was  sup2)orted  to 
the  sanctuary.  But  the  effort  was  too  much  for  his  tot- 
terinof  strength.  He  sank  down  on  the  floor  of  the  sane- 
tuary.  Archbishop  Hughes  proceeded  to  the  s2)ot  and 
confirmed  him.     Full  of  happiness,   and  A\'ith  silent  jjrayers, 


S'I\  ANDREWS  r'TITTRr'TT.  J^f) 

he     A\'as    removed,    and    expired    almost    iiimiediately,    tlie 
iiiictiou    of   confii-mation   l)eiiig'    lils    last. 

In  iSf)!),  the  city,  carrying  out  some  improvements, 
decided  to  widen  I»iiane  Street  and  open  Reade  fStreet 
tlirongh  to  C'liatliam.  Tliis  new  line,  established  by  the 
Commissioners,  cut  oflf  a  considerable  jjortiou  of  the  front 
of  St.  Andrew's  Church,  leaving,  in  fact,  so  little  of  the 
original  building  as  to  render  it  no  longer  of  ain"  use 
for  church  jinrposes.  Yet  so  unjust  was  the  assessment, 
that  while  only  eight  thousand  dollars  was  allowed  foi- 
the  damage  thus  done,  the  congregation  were  called  uj)on 
to  i)av  ten  thousand  dollars  for  the  imairinarv  benefit 
they   were    to    receive. 

It  became  necessary  for  the  pastor  and  congregation 
to  decide  upon  a  course.  The  house  adjoining  the  church 
had  some  years  before  been  secured  as  a  residence  for 
the  pastor.  Antiquarians  pointed  it  out  as  one  of  the 
houses  occupied  for  a  time  by  George  AYashington ;  l)ut 
St.  Andrew's  Chm'cli  could  be  maintained  only  by  remov- 
ing this  building  and  extending  the  church  over  the  ground. 
It  was  accordingly  purchased,  and  a  plan  ado2)ted  for 
remodeling  and  beautifying  the  Ijuilding,  by  erecting  a 
new  front  on  the  proposed  sti-eet  line,  renio^'ing  the  altar 
to    the   north  end,   and  decorating   the   interior. 

Notwithstanding  the  hard  times,  the  zealous  pastor 
pushed  on  the  Avork  rapidly,  and  adding  a  spire  to  the 
chm-ch,   he    extended    it   twenty-five    feet   in    the    rear,    and 


140  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

there  erected  a  very  beautiful  altar,  surmounted  by  a 
very  artistic  painting  of  the  Crucifixion,  witli  paintings 
of  St.  Patrick  and  St.  Andrew  on  either  side.  Above 
tlie  altar  rose  a  tabernacle  of  very  chaste  design,  fitly 
crowned  l)y  an  exquisite  ivory  crucifix.  The  whole  interior 
was  also   frescoed   in    a    superior    manner. 

The  remodeled  church,  thus  creditably  completed,  was 
solemnly  dedicateil  on  the  20th  of  October,  18G1,  by 
the  Very  Rev.  William  Starrs,  Vicar-General  of  the  Dio- 
cese, who  celebrated  High  Mass,  assisted  by  the  Rev. 
John  McCloskey,  Vice-President  of  Mount  St.  Mary's 
College,  and  the  Rev.  Sylvester  Malone,  of  Brooklyn, 
as  deacon  and  subdeacon,  and  the  Rev.  Francis  McNeir- 
ny,  now  Bishop  of  Albany,  as  master  of  ceremonies. 
The  Rt  Rev.  John  Loughlin,  Bishop  of  Brookl^Ti,  de- 
livered a  sermon  from  the  text,  "  Render  unto  Csesar  the 
things  that  are  Caesar's,  and  to  God  the  things  that  are 
God's." 

At  the  solemn  vespers  in  the  evening,  Dr.  McQuaid, 
now  Bishop  of  Rochester,  delivered  a  discom'se  on  the 
goodness,    jiower,    and    magnificence   of  Mary. 

The  basement  of  the  chm'ch  was  fitted  up  as  a  con- 
venient and  attractive  chapel,  and  the  congregation  proved 
their  appreciation  of  the  new  edifice  by  their  zeal  and 
liberality.  An  Altar  Society  showed  the  devotion  of  the 
ladies ;  a  Rosary  Society,  the  fervor  of  the  congregation ; 
while    theu'    care    for    the    poor    was    shown    in    the    relief 


ST.  ANDREWS  CnURCTI.  141 

afforded  b}'  the  Society  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul  and  the 
Ladies'  Benevolent   Society. 

The  Sunday-schools,  attended  by  neaidy  a  thousand 
childi-en,  proved  that  the  rising  generation  were  well 
trained   in   the  faith    of  their   fathers. 

The  congregation  had  for  some  years  peacefully  wor- 
shiped in  their  restored  church,  so  creditable  to  their 
taste  and  piety,  when  its  annals  were  dimmed  by  a  sad 
and  terrible  accident.  As  time  -vent  on,  a  large  commer- 
cial building  was  erected  beside  the  modest  shrine  of  St. 
Andrew,  overtopping  its  roof  and  cross.  In  the  winter  of 
1874-5,  a  fire  broke  out  in  this  building,  then  occupied 
by  a  great  crockery  firm.  Wlien  the  flames  had  con- 
sumed the  wood-work  the  tall  walls  were  left,  and  ]jy  a 
criminal  neglect  were  not  secured  in  any  way.  The 
church  received  some  slight  damage  from  fire  and  water, 
but   was   not   materially    injm-ed. 

Unsuspicious  of  danger,  the  congregation  of  St.  Andrew's 
continued  to  use  their  church,  and  during  the  Lenten  sea- 
son the  sacred  edifice  was  densely  crowded.  On  the  even- 
ing of  Thursday,  February  25,  1875,  while  all  were  listen- 
ing intently  to  a  sermon  on  Death,  from  the  Rev.  Thomas 
CaiToll,  of  St.  Stephen's,  there  was  a  sound  of  rushing  wind, 
a  rattling  of  windows,  followed  by  a  crash  as  of  a^^ful 
thunder.  The  plastering  on  the  east  side  of  the  ceiling 
gave  way,  and  pointed  fragments  of  rafters  were  di'iven 
down    on   the   people  in    the    galleries.     One   woman,   Mary 


142       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Gr.  Conners,  was  killed  on  the  spot,  and  all  the  rest  rushed 
madly  towards  the  door,  in  a  frantic  desire  to  escape. 
On  the  stairs  many  were  injured,  and  although  the  clergy, 
hastening  to  the  spot,  endeavored  to  allay  the  panic  and 
restore  calm,  four  persons  were  crushed  to  death.  To  the 
pastor,  to  whom  every  member  of  the  flock  had  grown 
dear  in  his  long  pastorate,  this  sad  accident  was  a  terrible 
affliction.  Overcome  by  his  deep  feeling  and  grief,  he 
offered  a  solemn    requiem    for    them    in    St.  Peter's. 

St.  Andrew's  C'luu-ch,  of  wliich  the  pastor  and  people 
had  been  so  proud,  was  a  wreck,  tinged  with  sad  and 
mournful  memories ;  but  the  main  structure  was  still  firm, 
and  the  Rev.  Mr.  Curran  proceeded  to  restore  it  once 
more,  and  fit  it  for  his  people.  The  falling  Avail  had  crush- 
ed in  a  part  of  the  roof,  carrying  rafters  and  beams  with  it, 
and  filling  the  church  with  ruin.  The  restoration  re(piired 
new  care  and  expense ;  but  St.  Andre\v's  came  forth  more  at- 
tractive than  ever,  and  was  again  dedicated  to  God's  service. 

The  zeal  of  the  congregation  may  be  seen  in  the  fact 
that,  in  the  last  collection  for  the  benefit  of  the  American 
College  at  Rome,  that  seminary,  erected  by  Pojie  Pius 
IX.  of  blessed  memory,  wliich  has  sent  forth  so  many 
learned  and  zealous  priests,  the  little  Chm-ch  of  St.  An- 
di-ew  led  all  others  in  the  amount  of  its  contribution. 
His  Holiness  Pope  Leo  XIII.  evinced  his  appreciation  of 
this  liberality  by  presenting  to  the  venerable  pastor  an 
elegant   gold    chalice    for   the    congregation. 


{j]'yl^^yA^^<.^.^<L^ 


ST.  ANDREWS  (JUUllCH.  143 

REV.   ]\riCnAEL    OURKAN, 

PASTOR      OF     ST.      ANDREW'S      CHURCH. 


THE  venerable  pastor  of  St.  Ancli-ew's  is  now,  in 
point  of  ordination  as  well  as  in  the  lengtli  of  his 
pastorship,  one  of  tlie  oldest  priests  of  the  Diocese  of  New 
York.  He  was  born  neai'  Emyvale,  in  the  County  of 
Monaghan,  Ireland,  in  1813.  His  boyish  ideas  all  looked 
to  America  as  his  future  home,  and  he  studied  away  in 
the  determined  Avay  natvu-al  to  him,  to  lit  himself  for  the 
battle  of  life.  Thouj^li  he  left  his  native  countr}-  at  the 
early  age  of  thirteen,  it  is  characteristic  of  him  that  liis 
name  was  already  signed  in  his  bo}^  chirography  to  a 
monster    ])etition    in    fiuor    of   Catholic    Emancipation. 

He  landed  in  Dehuvare,  and  was  welcomed  in  Penn- 
sylvania by  his  uncle,  then  pastor  at  Harrisburg,  and 
subsequently    well   known    in    New  York. 

The  young  man  was  soon  sent  to  ]\Iount  St.  Mary's 
College,  at  Emmittsbm-g,  Maryland,  where  he  spent  four 
years,  acquitting  himself  well  and  creditably.  On  leav- 
incr  that  institution  he  went  into  mercantile  life,  and  was 
for  some  years  in  the  iby  goods  business  at  Rochester; 
but  his  mind  and  heart  tiuned  to  the  sanctuary,  and  wise 
directors    guided    the    impulse. 

He  accordingly  proceeded  to  Canada,  and  spent  eight- 


144 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


een  months  in  a  seminary  near  Montreal ;  bnt  Bishop 
Hughes  had  meanwliile  estahhshed  a  diocesan  seminary  at 
Rose  Hill,  Fordham,  and  summoned  the  yoiuiy  Levite  to 
complete  his  course  of  divinity  there.  Here  he  Avas  among 
the  first  to  enroll  his  name,  and,  persevering  in  his  ^■o- 
cation,  was  ordained  by  Bishop  Hughes,  in  the  chapel 
attached    to    the    institution,    on    the    14th    of    April,    1844. 

As  he  had  evinced  no  little  skill  in  management, 
ha])} lily  condjining  firmness  with  gentle  persistence  and 
great  system,  he  was  made  prefect  of  discipline  in  St. 
John's  College,  and  for  a  year  discharged  the  duties  of 
the    arduous    post    with    general    satisfaction. 

He  was  then  permitted  to  begin  his  career  as  a 
missionary  priest  in  a  great  city;  and,  as  assistant  at 
St.  James'  Church,  had  a  jjosition  that  reqiured  great 
jiatience,  charit}',  endurance,  and  zeal.  The  probation 
showed  his  qualities,  and  Bishop  Hughes  sent  him  to 
the  parish  of  St.  John  the  Evangelist.  That  cluu'ch  had 
just  been  sold  imder  a  foreclosure,  and  his  charge  was  one 
of  difficulty.  For  two  years,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Curran  assem- 
bled his  parishioners  in  the  building  which  had  many 
years  previous  been  occupied  by  the  Jesuit  Fathers  as 
a  college.  Here  he  said  mass,  and,  by  laboring,  nego- 
tiating, and  collecting,  sacrificing  all  personal  comfort  to 
the  end  in  view,  he  succeeded  in  rejiurchasing  the  church 
on  favorable  terms,  and  in  one  year  reduced  the  debt 
incurred  from   eight    thousand   to    two    thousand    dollars. 


ST.  ANDKEW.S  CllUliClI.  145 

His  success  induced  the  bishop  to  appoint  liim  to 
St.  I'c'ter's,  then  nuich  involved,  hiit  he  slu-ank  from  the 
task,  and  accepted  readily  the  liunibler  position  of  j)astor 
of  St.  Anih-ew's,  in  1850.  His  labors  in  that  parish  we 
have   seen. 

Tlie  Rev.  Mr.  Ciu'ran  found  the  church  in  great  finan- 
cial embarrassment,  but  he  so  won  on  his  people  that 
his  fii'st  call  on  them  to  meet  a  long  standing  debt  — 
a  srenerous  loan  made  at  the  commencement  of  the  church, 
and  now  neeil('(l  by  the  lender  to  enable  him  to  return, 
an  invalid,  to  his  native  land  —  was  so  liberally  met  that 
he    had    a    svu-phis    for    other    claims    also. 

During  a  few  years  of  his  pastorship,  the  Rev.  Mr. 
CmTan,  by  constant  exertion,  succeeded  in  relieving  his 
church  entirely  from  a  debt  of  $22,000.  Ha\-ing  cleared 
the  chm'cli  of  debt,  he  secured  a  pastoral  residence ;  then 
restored  the  chiu-ch  when  the  cit}-  had  wrecked  it,  and 
paid  off  most  of  the  debt  incm-red,  and  has  since  been 
compelled    to    restore    it    once   more. 

The  restoration  in  1859  was  not  accomplished  with- 
out great  personal  exertion  on  the  part  of  the  pastor,  as 
the  cost  amounted  to  over  fifty  thousand  dollars,  including 
the  purchase  of  a  new  parochial  residence.  Within  the 
year  from  the  connnencement  of  the  Avork,  the  Rev.  ]\Ir. 
CmTan,  by  collections,  lectures,  and  fairs,  paid  off  no  less 
than  twenty-seven    thousand    dollars. 

In    the    fearful    accident,    he    was    nearly    addci]   to    the 
10 


146  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

victims.  The  chair  on  which  he  sat  was  crushed  to 
atoms,  and  he  was  covered  with  dust  and  plaster ;  but 
without  a  thought  for  himself,  he  hastened  at  once  to 
still  the  panic,  and  prevent,  as  far  as  he  could,  the  fatal 
consequences.  That  many  more  did  not  perish  is  due, 
in  no  small  degree,  to  his  coolness  and  power  of  com- 
mand. 

His  residence,  simple  and  plain  as  liimself  and  his 
flock,  shows  the  affection  of  his  people.  A  beautiful  and 
enduring  marble  table  bears  indelibly  his  name  and  that 
of  the  chui'ch,  so  long  associated  in  the  hearts  of  the 
faithful;  and  on  the  mantel  stands  a  frame  with  a  poet- 
ical tribute  from  the  Sisters  of  Mercy,  to  one  who  has 
for   thirty    years  been    their   earnest    friend    and   supporter. 


ST.  ANDREW'S  CHURCH. 


147 


Roll  of  Honor. 


Bennett,  George. 
Bowers,  Charles  W. 
Broderick,  Edward. 
Burke,  Michael. 
Burney,  Ann,  Mrs. 
Byrne,  Hugh. 
Campbell,  James. 
Carleton,  John. 
Cavanagh,  Michael. 
Clancy,  James. 
Clarke,  Francis  J. 
Clifford,  James. 
Comerford,  Ellen,  Mrs. 
Conway,  John. 
Corrigan,  P. 
Costello,  James. 
Cox,  Bridget. 
Curtis,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Devins,  Patrick. 
Divver,  Patrick. 
Downey,  Cornelius  J. 
Doyle,  James  P. 
Doyle,  Patrick. 
Driscoll,  Daniel. 
Duane,  Michael. 
Dunleavy,  Bridget. 
Dunphy,  James. 
Emmett,  Charles. 
Fitzgerald,  Thomas. 
Flynn,  James. 
Flynn,  Patrick. 
Foley,  Michael. 
Foster,  Charles. 


Freel,  Hugh. 
Freel,  Patrick. 

Gallagher,  Martin. 
Geraghty,  Ennis. 
Gougherty,  Bernard. 
Grady,  M. 
Hamill,  T. 

Harrington,  William. 
Healey,  Jane. 
Hennessy,  Eliza. 
Higgins,  Patrick. 
Hurley,  Thomas  H. 
Jones,  Morgan. 
Keane,  Maurice. 
Kearns,  Joseph. 
Kennedy,  William  H. 
Kerwin,  Michael. 
Lewis,  John. 
Lysaght,  Mary,  Mrs. 
McCann,  Owen. 
McClaine,  Alexander. 
McCloskey,  Andrew,  Jr. 
McGuire,  Mary,  Mrs. 
McKenna,  Ann,  Mrs. 
Mackey,  John. 
McPartland,  Daniel. 
Martin,  Patrick. 
Martin,  Patrick,  Jr. 
Mehegan,  Patrick. 
Melvin,  Matthew. 
Mitchell,  John. 
Molaghan,  Mary  A.,  Mrs. 
Moloney,  William  H. 


Molony,  Edward. 

Mountjoy,  William. 

Mukloon,  Patrick. 

Muliins,  John,  Mrs. 

Mulrooney,  Cath.,  Mrs. 

Murray,  Ann,  Mrs. 

Nicholson,  John. 

Nugent,  William  S. 

O'Brien,  John  D. 

O'Callahan,  Dennis. 

O'Connor,  Dennis  J. 

O'Connor,  Lucy,  Mrs. 

O'Connor,  Thomas. 

O'Dea,  John,  Mrs. 

O'Donohue,  Patrick. 

O'Leary,  Timothy. 

O'Neil,  Cornelius. 

O'Neil,  Daniel. 

O'Rourke,  Francis. 

O'Sullivan,  Ellen. 

Perfetti,  Margaret,  Mrs. 

Riordan,  Eugene. 

Rouse,  John. 

Russell,  Michael. 

Ryan,  James. 

Ryan,  Mary  T. 
Shea,  John  B. 
Smith,  Hugh. 
Skehan,  Murtha. 
Smith,  P.  M. 
Tallon,  Patrick. 
Ward,  Patrick. 
Whelan,  Jane,  Mrs. 


CHURUII    OF    SAINT    ANN. 

EAST    TWELFTH    STREET. 


SAINT   ANN'S    CHURCH 

EAST    TWELFTH     STIJKET. 


ON  East  Twelfth  Street,  between  Tliird  and  Fourth 
Avenues,  stands  an  ekignnt  Frencli  Gothic  church, 
of  very  pure  design  and  of  noble  dimensions,  dedicated 
to  St.  Ann,  the  ho]y  spouse  of  St.  Joachim  and  mother 
of  the    Blessed    Virgin    IMarA'. 

It  is  one  of  the  triumphs  of  Mary,  that  even  in 
those  sects  that  have  cut  themselves  off  from  the  Church 
of  her  Divine  Son,  she  has,  in  a  manner,  forced  them 
to  continue  to  dedicate  churches  in  her  own  honor,  and 
even  in  honor  of  her  holy  mother.  Tliere  were  Protestant 
churches  of  St.  Ann  in  this  cou-ntry  before  Catholics  had 
erected  on(}. 

In  1852,  the  want  of  a  church  somewhere  in  the 
vicinit}'  of  Astor  Place  began  to  be  felt.  As  the  ex- 
act position  of  the  futm-e  church  of  the  parish  could 
scarcely  be  decided,  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  deter- 
mined to  secure  some  convenient  building  for  temporary 
use.  A  church  stood  on  Eightli  Street  offering  itself  to 
the  buyer.  It  was  not  without  its  history  Years  be- 
fore, it  had  reared  its  spire  on  Murray  Street,  and 
echoed    to    the    voice    of    jMason,    a    once    famous    preacher 


150  CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

of  Calvin's  terrible  tenets.  In  time  it  had  been  taken 
down,  stone  by  stone,  carted  np  to  Eighth  Street,  and 
rebnilt.  As  a  Presbyterian  church  it  did  not  succeed; 
it  became  Episcopal,  then  Presbyterian  again.  Its  halls 
had  heard  indeed  many  forms  of  error,  l)ut  the  time  had 
come,  as  Mr.  Disosway  suggests,  when  disheartening  dog- 
mas and  unscriptural  worship  were  to  give  way  to  the 
consoling  faith,  the  .apostolic  liturgy  of  the  Chiu'ch  of  the 
Li^^ng•   God. 

The  building  once  acquired  was  speedily  adapted  to 
the  noblest  and  hohest  form  of  worship,  the  altar  and 
chancel  being  the  work  of  Mr.  Walsh,  an  excellent  archi- 
tect. The  chiu'ch  was  dedicated  to  Almighty  God  under 
the  invocation  of  St.  Ann,  on  the  1st  of  June,  1852. 
Seldom  has  a  church  dedication  gathered  so  many  dis- 
tinguished bishops  as  were  seen  that  day  in  the  sanctuary 
of  the  new  church.  Besides  the  Most  Reverend  Arch- 
bishop of  New  York,  there  might  be  seen  Bishops  Miles 
of  Nashville,  Fitzpatrick  of  Boston,  O'Connor  of  Pitts- 
burgh, and  Spaulding  of  Louisville,  with  the  Rev.  Messrs. 
Loughlin  and  Bacon,  subsequently  bishops.  Very  Rev. 
William    Starrs,    Dr.    Pise,    and    many    of    the    city    clergy. 

The  dedication  ceremonies  were  performed  by  Bishop 
Miles  of  Nashville,  and  when  the  building  had  thus  been 
set  apart  for  Catholic  worship,  the  Rt.  Rev.  John  B. 
Fitzpatrick,  Bishop  of  Boston,  celebrated  a  Pontifical  High 
Mass,    with    the    learned    Dr.    Jeremiah    W.    Cummings    as 


SAINT  ANN'S  CHURCH.  151 

deacon,  tlie  Rev.  George  McCloskey  as  subdeacon,  and 
tlie  Rev.  Annet  Lafont  as  assistant.  After  tlie  semion  the 
Rt.  Rev.  Michael  O'Connor,  IVishop  of  Pittsburgh,  preached 
a  very  able  and  eloquent  sermon,  taking  as  his  text  the 
words  of  the  gospel:  "An  adulterous  generation  seeketh 
for  a  sign ;  a  sign  sliall  not  be  given  it,  but  the  sign 
of   Jonas    the    prophet." 

Tlie  new  church  thus  placed  under  the  patronage  of 
St.  Ann  was  soon  well  attended.  Devotion  to  this  model 
of  mothers  is  less  diffused  among  us  than  among  our 
neighbors,  the  Catholics  of  Canada,  where  a  celebrated 
pilgrimage  has  long  endeared  her  to  the  pious  by  the 
many  favors  obtained  through  her  intercession;  the  In- 
dians, too,  who  were  won  in  early  times  by  the  French 
missionaries,  shared  the  devotion,  and  all  their  chm-ches 
in   Maine    are    dedicated    to    St.    Ann. 

She  was  the  wife  of  St.  Joachim,  and  their  holy 
life  of  domestic  peace,  affection,  and  piety,  had  but  one 
trial,  which  it  required  all  their  virtue  to  bear.  They 
Avere  childless.  This  was  then  a  reproach  among  the 
Jews,  and  was  looked  upon  almost  as  a  punishment  from 
God.  Tradition  says  that  St.  Ann,  treated  with  contumely 
on  that  account,  offered  special  sacrifices  in  the  temple 
of  God  to  be  delivered  from  her  reproach.  A  daughter 
was  given  to  her,  in  A\hom  all  the  nations  of  the  earth 
were  to  be  blessed,  who  Avas  to  be  saluted  by  an  angel 
from    heaven     and    become    the    mother   of    the    long    ex- 


162 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


pected  Messias.  Their  child  was,  however,  a  special  gift 
from  Heaven,  and  they  consecrated  her  specially  to  God, 
presenting  her  in  the  temple  at  the  age  of  three.  Blessed 
in  seeing  her  grow  up  in  piety  witliin  those  sacred  walls, 
they  died  full  of  gladness  and  holy  hope,  before  her 
beti'othal  to  St.  Joseph,  as  the  silence  of  the  gospels 
evidently   gives    us    to    understand. 

The  Church  of  St.  Ann  was  confided  to  the  Rev. 
John  Murray  Forbes,  who  remained  in  charge  of  the 
mission  till  the  year  1859,  assisted  from  time  to  time  by 
various  clergymen.  The  Rev.  H.  T.  Brady  then  directed 
it  for  a  short  time,  but  in  1862  the  parish  was  confided 
to  the  care  of  the  worthy  Chancellor  of  the  (li(icese. 
Rev.  Thomas  S.  Preston,  whose  name  has  ever  since  lieen 
identified    with    the    Church    of   St.    Ann. 

He  made  great  improvements  in  the  interior,  and 
replaced  the  altar  by  one  fiir  grander,  and  obtained  one 
of  the  largest  organs  then  in  the  city.  The  church  met 
the  wants  of  the  parish  for  a  few  years  longer,  but  it  soon 
stood  in  the  centre  of  a  business  population,  and  there  Avas 
no  ground  near  that  could  be  acquired  at  any  reasonable 
price  for  a  pastoral  residence  or  for  schools  and  other 
parochial  use.  It  was  finally  determined  to  abandon  the 
old  site  and  seek  a  new  location  for  St.  Ann's.  Ground 
was  obtained  running  tlu^ough  from  Eleventh  to  Twelfth 
Street,  part  of  it  being  covered  by  a  building  erected 
as    a    Jewish    synagogue.       St.    Ann    is     a    saint    of     the 


SAINT  ANN'S  CHURCH.  153 

old  law,  aiifl  as  tli(^  Clmrch  of  the  new  law  thus  shows 
her  union  with  the  past,  it  was  not  without  a  certain 
analogy  that  a  church  of  St.  Ann  should  rise  on  the 
spot  where  the  ancient  Jewish  service  Avas  recited  in  the 
language  which  she  had  heard  in  her  day  in  the  temple 
and  s}Tiagogue.  The  corner-stone  of  the  new  church  was 
laid  by  the  Vicar  General  of  the  diocese,  the  Very  Rev. 
AVilliam    Starrs,    on    Sunday,    July    1st,    1870. 

The  Very  Rev.  Dr.  Preston  resolved  to  make  his 
new  church  at  once  splendid  and  enduring.  It  is  one 
hundred  and  sixty-six  feet  in  length  and  sixt)'-three  feet 
eight  inches  in  width,  the  architecture  being  the  pvu-e 
French  Gothic  of  the  thirteenth  century.  The  plan  was 
to  erect  a  solid  and  svxbstantial  editice,  and  no  cost  was 
spared  to  insure  permanent  beauty.  The  Ijuilding  cost  one 
hundred  and  sixty  thousand  dollars,  and  was  completed 
in  the  latter  part  of  the  year  1870.  Tlie  interior  is 
divided  into  a  nave,  Avith  a  clerestory  and  aisles.  The 
nave  terminates  in  an  apsis  at  the  southern  end,  which 
gives  ample  space  for  the  high  altar  and  two  cliapels. 
On  each  side  of  the  church  runs  a  galler)',  but  not  ex- 
tending so  fiir  as  to  overlook  the  altar,  stopping  Avithin 
thirty  feet  of  the  chancel.  The  ceilings  of  the  nave  and 
aisles  are  groined,  and  the  exterior  of  the  pews  and  the 
front  of  the  galleries  are  executed  in  hard  wood.  Tlie 
sacristies  are  between  the  church  and  the  school  building. 
The    interior    decorations    are    not    glaring,    but     quiet-  and 


154 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


subdued,  giving  tlie  church  a  devotional,  without  a  gloomy 
look,  and  that  eminent  sense  of  quiet  which  falls  so  sooth- 
ingly on  a  mind  vexed  and  perplexed  l)y  the  cares  of 
this    world. 

No  })ortion  of  the  former  structure  was  retained  in 
the  new  church  except  a  part  of  the  front  wall,  Avhich 
was   used  without  impairing    symmetry  or    strength. 

In  the  rear  of  the  church,  and  fronting  Eleventh 
Street,  was  erected  a  well-built  parochial  school-hovise, 
seventy-five  feet  by  forty  feet,  and  four  stories  in  height, 
with  a  capacious  basement.  It  is  fitted  uji  with  all  the 
improvements  that  have  been  tested  and  accepted  in 
schools    generally. 

This  fine  church  was  dedicated  on  the  1st  day  of 
January,  1871,  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  performing 
the  ceremony.  The  ritual  calls  for  a  procession  around 
the  church,  and  then  aroun<l  the  interior,  sprinkling  the 
walls  with  holy  water,  accompanied  by  prayer.  The 
former  part  of  the  ceremony  is  seldom  possible  with  our 
city  churches,  which  are  closely  surrounded  by  other 
buildings ;  but  the  procession  moves  around  within,  chant- 
ing the  Miserere  and  the  Litany  of  the  Saints,  with  a 
special  invocation  asking  God  to  vouchsafe  to  cleanse  and 
bless  the  church  and  altar  to  His  honor,  and  in  the  pres- 
ent case  in  the  name  of  St.  Ann.  Then  comes  the  special 
prayer :  "0  God,  who  hallowest  the  places  dedicated  to 
thy   name,    pour    forth    upon     this    house    of    prayer,    thy 


SAINT  ANN'S  CHURCH.  155 

grace,   that    all    who    here    invoke    thy   name   may   feel   tlie 
help    of   tliy    mercy." 

After  the  close  of  the  touching-  dedicatory  service.s, 
the  altar  was  adorned  for  the  sacrifice,  and  a  Solemn 
High  j\rass  Avas  offered  np,  the  celebrant  being  the  A^icar 
General,  the  Very  Rev.  AYilliam  Starrs;  the  deacon,  the 
Rev.  R.  L.  Ikn-tsell,  D.I).,  pastor  of  the  Chm-ch  of  the 
Epiphan}',  who  had  for  a  time  been  assistant  at  the 
former  church;  the  subdeacon,  the  Rev.  J.  A.  Keog-h; 
the  master  of  ceremonies,  the  Rev.  Francis  McNeirny, 
then  secretary  to  the  Archbishop,  assisted  by  the  Rev. 
W.  C.  Poole.  The  music  was  worthy  of  the  occasion, 
being  under  the  direction  of  Prof  Louis  Dachauer,  the 
org-anist  of  the  church,  a  grand  orchestra  blending  its 
sti-ains    Avith    those    of  the    noble    org-an. 

The  sermon  was  delivered  by  the  Most  Rev.  John 
McCloskey  of  Albany,  now  Cardinal  and  Archbishop  of 
New  York;  his  text  being  from  the  sublime  prophecy  of 
St.  John,  Apoc,  xxi.  2 :  "  And  I  John  saw  the  holy 
city,  the  new  Jerusalem,  coming  down  out  of  heaven, 
from  God,  prepared  as  a  bride  adorned  for  her  husband. 
And  I  heard  a  great  voice  from  the  tlu-one,  saying.  Be- 
hold the  tabernacle  of  God  with  men,  and  he  will  dwell 
with  them.  And  they  shall  be  his  people,  and  God  him- 
self with    them    shall    be   their    God." 

After  congratulating  the  congregation  and  their  worthy 
pastor   on   the    completion    of    the    work,  which    had   for  so 


156  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

long-  a  time  occiipied  tlieir  thoughts  and  demonstrated 
tlieh-  zeal,  he  showed  that  the  Almighty  had  from  the 
l)eg-inning  prescribed  various  formalities,  which  invested 
the  place  of  sacrifice  with  a  certain  sacred  character, 
and  that  blessings  might  be  expected  by  the  faithful  for 
their  devotion  to  their  temples.  It  was  onl}-  when  Cath- 
olics looked  with  the  eye  of  faith  at  the  sacred  con- 
tents of  their  tabernacles,  and  contemplated  the  sublime 
dogma  of  Christ's  sacramental  presence  on  their  altars, 
the  secret  of  the  Chin-cli's  unity  of  faith,  tliat  they 
could  realize  why  the  Church  has  ever  sought  to  render 
sanctuaries  as  splendid  as  the  ^^•orld's  wealth  can  make 
them,  and  why  they  have  an  abiding  hope  that  tlieir 
exertions  in  this  regard  will  meet  with  due  acknowledg- 
ment  from    Him   who    is  justice    itself 

In  this  sacred  edifice  the  Blessed  Sacrament  Avould 
now  be  offered  up  daily  for  the  spiritual  strengthening 
of  the  faithful.  Innumerable  were  the  advantages  which 
the  Catholics  of  the  pnrish  w^ould  derive  from  the  church, 
which  had  that  day  been  solemnly  blessed.  Henceforth 
it  would  stand  to  testify  to  the  strength  of  their  relig- 
ious faith,  and  be  at  the  same  time  the  fountain  of  many 
benedictions    for   them. 

Here  would  come  the  sinner,  bending  beneath  the 
weight  of  sin,  to  find  peace  and  j^fii'tlon  in  the  tribunal 
of  penance.  From  this  altar  the  Clu'istian  soul,  refreshed 
by   the    Bread    of    Angels,    would    go    forth    with   renewed 


SAINT  ANN'S  CH[:RCH.  157 

strength  to  battle  agfiinst  the  enemies  of  salvation.  Here 
they  would  come  to  send  up  their  prayers,  and  to  as- 
sist at  the  Holy  Sacrifice  of  the  Mass,  beseeching-  the 
Giver  of  all  good  gifts  to  visit  them  with  such  bless- 
ings as  in  His  mercy  and  kninvledge  He  saw  to  be 
necessary   for    their   sjiiritual    welfare. 

"I  sincerely  pray  that  God  will  give  you  all  the 
grace  of  final  perseverance  in  virtue,  so  that  after  doing 
your  duty  here  below,  you  may  at  last,  when  God  calls 
you  hence,  die  the  death  of  the  just,  and  be  permitted 
to  adore  God  in  those  tabernacles  where  'faith  is  vision 
and  hope  possession,'  and  where  the  rcAvard  of  a  Avell- 
spent  life  is  the  happiness  that  knows  neither  limit  nor 
end." 

At  the  solemn  vespers,  in  the  evening,  a  sennon 
was  preached  by  the  Rt.  Rev.  Dr.  John  Loughlin,  Bishop 
of    Brooklyn. 

The  church,  begun  under  such  hap[)y  auspices,  lias 
enjoyed  great  prosperity.  Tlie  faithful  have  contributed 
liberally  to  all  the  methods  adopted  for  reducing  the  in- 
cumbrances on  their  noble  temple,  and  delivering  it  abso- 
lutely  from    debt. 

The  parochial  school,  admirably  accommodated  in  the 
building  erected  for  the  purpose,  is  directed  by  the  Sis- 
ters of  Charity,  and  muubers  some  two  hundred  and 
fifty    boys    and    nearly    six    hundred    girls. 

The    parish    has    an    institution    under    its     charge,    the 


158  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

admirable  "  House  of  the  Holy  Family  for  Befriending- 
Cliildren  and  Young  Girls,"  at  136  Second  Avenue,  which 
shelters  a  hundi-ed  inmates  in  its  walls,  and  has  ex- 
ceeded even  the  most  sanguine  anticipations  of  the  good 
it   was    to    accomplish. 

On  the  feast  of  Corpus  Clmsti,  Jmie  20th,  1878, 
the  St.  Ann's  Literary  Union  was  organized,  in  rooms 
fitted  up  for  their  rise  in  Eleventh  Street.  The  Union  is 
under  the  spiritual  directorship  of  the  Rev.  James  W. 
Hayes.  There  is  a  Literary  Society  of  Yoimg  Ladies, 
directed  by  Rev.  Tliomas  F.  Lynch.  There  are  also  Soci- 
eties   of    the    Blessed   Vu-gin,    for   both   men    and    women. 


^'/^r^^^   ^(2^^<^    .     ^J, 


SAINT  ANN'S  CHUECII.  159 


VERY     REV.    THOMAS    S.    PRESTON, 

VICAR  GENERAL  AND  CHANCELLOR  OF  THE  DIOCESE  OF  NEW  YORK. 


THE  pastor  of  St.  Ann's  has  discharged,  besides  the 
parocliial  duties  among  the  flock  confided  to  his 
care,  important  and  responsible  trusts  in  the  diocese,  hold- 
ing the  position  of  Vicar  General,  and  also  of  Chancellor. 
Notwithstanding  all  this,  he  has  made  leisure  for  literary 
work,  and  enriched  our  libraries  with  doctrinal  and  de- 
votional works,  as  clear  in  exposition  as  they  are  replete 
with   piety  and   unction. 

He  was  born  at  Hartford,  Connecticut,  in  Jixly,  1824, 
and  was  educated  in  his  native  city,  having  been  grad- 
uated in  1843  from  Trinity  College,  which  was  the 
Alma   Mater   also   of    the   late   Archbishop    Bayley. 

He  was  then  a  member  of  the  Protestant  Episcopal 
Church,  and  wshing  to  devote  himself  to  the  ministry, 
he  entered  the  General  Theological  Seminary  of  that 
body,  in  New  York  City,  and  having  passed  tlu-ough 
then-  com-se  of  divinity,  was  ordained  a  minister  in  1846. 
The  awakening  of  soimd  study  and  sounder  thought  in 
that  body,  both  in  England  and  this  country,  had,  how- 
ever, gone  so  far,  that  many  who  entered  the  ministry 
began   to   feel    that     true    peace    and     true    faith    could   be 


160  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

found  alone  in  that  cluircli  from  wliicli  tlioir  ancestors, 
some  few  by  choice,  but  most  by  compulsion,  separated 
in   the    sixteenth    century. 

Mr.  Preston  was  one  of  these.  The  lig-ht  dawning 
on  his  mind  was  not  .  rejected ;  prayer  for  guidance 
brought  gi-ace  and  strength,  and  he  became  a  Catholic 
in  1849.  His  vocation  to  the  priesthood  was  deemed  so 
solid,  his  study  of  Catholic  theology  so  extensive,  that 
after  a  short  pei'iod  in  St.  Josejih's  Seminary,  Fordham, 
he  was  ordained  in  the  Avinter  of  the  following  year, 
November  16th,  1850,  by  the  Rt.  Rev.  John  McCloskey, 
Bishop    of    Albany. 

After  being  for  a  time  assistant  at  St.  Patrick's  Cathe- 
dral, he  was  appointed  to  the  newly  established  Church 
of  tlie  Immaculate  Conce^ition  at  Yonkers.  Here  he  did 
much  to  give  the  parish  a  proper  organization,  drew  in  the 
careless  and  negligent,  won  many  to  the  faith,  and  sliowed 
all    tlie    qualities    of  a   good   priest. 

In  October,  1853,  Archbishop  Hughes  appointed  him 
his  secretary,  and  he  returned  to  the  Cathedral.  The  Rev. 
J.  R.  Bayley,  in  order  to  systematize  the  business  of  the 
diocese,  had  labored  to  organize  a  Chancery  office,  and 
Rev.  Mr.  Preston  was  selected,  in  1855,  to  take  charge 
of  this  important  department.  Under  his  direction  every- 
thing has  become  as  systematic  and  well  ordered  as  the 
affairs  of  a  government  or  financial  institution.  In  this 
he    has  rendered  signal    service  to   the   diocese,  and    diu-ing 


SAINT  ANN'S  CUURCH. 


ICA 


his  long  incumbency  has  given  such  a  precedent  for  all 
departments  connected  with  it,  that  there  will  be  no 
difficulty   in    maintaining    the    high    standard    attained. 

In  18G1,  as  we  have  seen,  he  was  appointed  pastor 
of  St.  Ami's  Church,  and  continued  to  discharge  his  old 
duties  without  interfering  with  the  laborious  calls  of  his 
parish,  although  the  purchase  of  ground  and  the  erection 
of  a  new  church,  with  its  schools,  might  well  have  been 
deemed    sufficient   labor   for    one   priest. 

After  discharging  these  combined  duties  for  twelve 
years,  a  new  honor,  with  corresponding  burdens,  was  con- 
ferred upon  him.  The  Archbishop  of  New  York  made  the 
Rev.  ]Mr.  Preston  one  of  his  Vicars  General.  As  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Archbishop's  Council,  he  had  already  been  one 
of  the  advisers  of  his  Grace  on  the  affairs  of  the  diocese  ; 
his  new  jjosition  required  also  at  times  an  active  part  in 
the   administration. 

lie  is,  as  may  be  seen,  one  of  the  most  hard  work- 
ing as  he  is  one  of  the  most  amiable  and  beloved  of 
the  priests  in  the  diocese ;  neither  among  the  clergy  nor 
the  faithful  have  any  been  found  to  complain  of  his  ac- 
tion   in   the  various    and    often    delicate  matters  before  him. 

As  a  preacher,  he  is  polished,  elofpient,  and  convinc- 
ing, as  his  published  sermons  attest.  Besides  these  he  has 
written,  "The  Ark  of  the  Covenant,"  "Lectures  on  Chris- 
tian   Unity,"     "Reason     and    Revelation,"     "The   Vicar    of 

Christ,"    "Christ    and    the    Church." 
11 


1G2 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


The  Catholic  Woiid  says  of  the  Very  Rev.  Mr.  Pres- 
ton :  "  He  has  merited  well  of  the  Church  by  his  zeal- 
ous and  efficient  devotion  to  the  cause  of  the  Pope  and 
the  Holy  See,  and  his  continual  efforts  to  instruct  the 
Catholic  laity  in  sound  doctrine  in  this  most  essential  mat- 
ter. The  style  is  grave  and  serious,  copious  and  flowing, 
and  warmed  with  a  spirit  of  fervent  love  to  the  souls 
of  men.  It  is  the  style,  not  of  a  mere  essayist,  but  of  a 
preacher." 


i 


SAINT  ANN'S  CHURCH.                                 ifj;] 

Roll   of  H 

ONOR. 

Ashman,  Amaziah  L. 

Hatfield,  S. 

Maguire,  Peter  W. 

Barrett,  Jane,  Mrs. 

Hennessy,  Dennis. 

Mohan,  Thomas. 

Bedford,  Gunning  S. 

Hogan,  Michael. 

Murray,  Ann,  Mrs. 

Birmingham,  Edward. 

Hutchison,  John. 

Navarro,  Jose  F.  de 

Brennan,  Edward. 

Jewell,  Frank  H. 

O'Brien,  John. 

Chatillon,  Cath.,  Mrs. 

Kerrigan,  Charles. 

O'Brien,  William. 

Coffin,  George. 

Keyes,  Edward  L. 

O'Connor,  Thomas  J. 

Coudert,  Frederick  R. 

Kinnear,  Margaret  A. 

O'Shaughnessy,  John  \V. 

Delan<i,  Catharine,  Mrs 

•    Latasa,  F.,  Mrs. 

0'Shaughnessy,J.  R.  G. 

Dehnonico,  Lorenzo.    ' 

Lawler,  Michael. 

Otis,  Frank. 

Dooley,  James. 

Le  Brun,  Napoleon. 

Philbin,  Stephen. 

Dufify,  Richard  G. 

Lynch,  Teresa,  Mrs. 

Plunkett,  Peter  E. 

Dunn,  M.  J. 

Lyness,  B. 

Rafter,  Edward. 

Echeverria,  Pio. 

McClure,  D. 

Reidy,  Ellen. 

Farnham,  Margaret  G. 

McGovern,  Edward. 

Reilly,  Bryan. 

Fay,  Edward. 

McGuire,  Mary. 

Reynolds,  Mary,  Mrs. 

Ferrero,  Edward. 

McKeon,  John  H. 

Rigney,  Elizabeth,  Mrs. 

Gass,  John  E. 

McKeon,  M.,  Mrs. 

Short,  Michael. 

Gaynor,  John. 

McKnight,  Thomas. 

Smith,  James  F. 

Gibert,  Frederick  EdwM 

.    McMahon,  Martin  T. 

Starr,  F.  J. 

Goggin,  Eugene. 

McMahon,  P. 

Ward,  Ann  M.,  Mrs. 

Griffin,  James. 

Maguire,  Andrew. 

CHURCH  OF  THE  ANNUNCIATION. 

BROADWAY,  COKNEK  OF  WEST  ONE  HUNDRED  AND  THIRTY  FIRST  STREET. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  ANNUNCIATION. 

BROADWAY    AND    ONE    HUNDRED    AND    THIRTY-FIRST    STREET, 
MANHATTANVILLE. 


FOR  many  years  St.  Paul's  Church  at  Harlem  was  the 
only  shrine  of  religion  for  the  Catholics  scattered 
over  the  northern  part  of  Manhattan  Island,  there  being  no 
church  above  the  line  of  Fiftieth  Street,  where  the  Church 
of  St.  John  the  Evangelist  remained  as  an  outpost  of  the 
advancing  city.  IVIany  remember  a  French  gentleman  re- 
siding in  Manliattan\'ille,  who,  in  the  days  of  Bishop 
Du  Bois,  used  to  be  seen  making  his  way  on  foot  to  the 
Cathedral,  with  one  of  his  children  on  his  shoulder  and 
the    other   by   his    side. 

Yet  the  Catholic  body  had  increased,  and  many  res- 
idents of  means  had  settled  in  and  around  Manhattan- 
villc ;  among  others,  Andrew  Carrigan,  Terence  Donnelly, 
and  Daniel  Devlin.  These  and  many  others  urged  the 
erection  of  a  church  near  the  shores  of  the  Hvidson,  and 
on  the  28th  of  October,  1852,  the  Most  Reverend  Arch- 
bishop confided  to  an  energetic  young  })riest,  the  Rev. 
Arthur  J.  Donnelly,  the  disti-ict  north  of  One  Hundi-edth 
Street    and    west    of   Eiglitli    A^'enue    as    his    parish. 


166  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  Brothers  of  the  Cliristian  Schools  luul  resolved 
to  establish  a  college  in  the  northern  part  of  the  island, 
and  had  selected  this  very  district  as  most  suitable  for 
their  piu-pose.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Donnelly  resolved  to  act 
in  conjunction  with  them,  and,  guided  Ijy  the  advice  of 
the  gentlemen  already  named,  who,  as  large  landliolders, 
were  conversant  with  the  advantages  and  value  of  })rop- 
erty,  the  Cliristian  Brothers  and  the  new  pastor  pur- 
chased, at  the  rate  of  four  hundi-ed  dollars  a  lot,  the 
two  gore  blocks  bounded  Ijy  One  Hundred  and  Thirty- 
first  Street  and  One  HuntU-ed  and  Thirty-thii'd  Street, 
Broadway  and  the  Boulevard,  then  styled  Eleventh  Avenue 

As  the  Christian  Brothers  gave  Rev.  Mr.  Donnelly 
the  choice  of  such  portion  as  he  deemed  necessary  for 
the  proposed  church,  he  selected  six  lots  on  the  corner 
of  Broadway  and  One  Hundred  and  Thirty-first  Street. 
A  huge  mass  of  rock,  containing  more  than  three  hundi-ed 
cubic  feet,  towered  high  above  the  sti'eet,  which  cost 
months  of  toil  and  blasting  to  remove,  in  order  to  pre- 
pare   the    site    for   the    new    church. 

To  collect  his  flock  till  the  projected  edifice  was 
erected,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Donnelly  adapted  for  his  purposes 
an  old  two-stor}^  frame  d\\'elling  standing  on  the  line  of 
the  unopened  Eleventh  Avenue.  It  was  only  some  tliirty 
feet  square,  but  by  extending  the  sides  by  sheds,  and 
opening  the  building  through  to  the  roof,  a  temporary 
chapel    of   moderate    demensions    was    obtained. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  ANNUNCIATION.  1G7 

Here,  on  Passion  Sunday,  1853,  the  Holy  Sacrifice  was 
offered    for    tlie    first   time    in    the    parish. 

The  site  of  the  new  church  was  at  last  ready,  the 
foundation  was  begun,  and  everything  was  in  readiness 
for  the  religious  ceremonial  of  laying  the  corner-stone. 
To  give  greater  solemnity  to  the  occasion,  Archbishop 
Cajetan  Bedini,  the  first  envoy  from  the  Holy  See  to  this 
country,  kindly  consented  to  officiate  in  the  rites.  A  pro- 
cession moved  from  the  residence  of  the  pastor  to  the 
newly  begun  Church  of  the  Annunciation  of  Our  Lady. 
On  Sunday,  November  27th,  1853,  the  venerable  represen- 
tative of  his  Holiness,  in  mitre  and  cojoe,  with  the  crosier 
of  his  holy  office,  moved  solenndy  on,  svuTounded  by  a 
guard  of  honor  from  St.  Stephen's  Church,  and  b}'  the 
clergy  and  faithful,  whose  zeal  and  devotion  compensated, 
in  some  degree,  for  the  martyrdom  he  endured  in  this 
republic  from  his  infidel  countrymen  and  their  American 
dupes.  On  reaching  the  platform  erected  for  the  cere- 
mony, he  blessed  the  water,  and  proceeded  around  the 
walls  of  the  new  chm-ch,  dedicating  the  future  edifice  for 
the  service  of  God.  He  then  laid  the  corner-stone,  hav- 
ing deposited  beneath  it  an  inscribed  parchment  record 
of  the  act,  and  other  articles  commemorative  of  the  happy 
occasion.  An  eloquent  sermon  was  then  delivered  by  the 
Rev.  Dr.  Jeremiah  W.  Cummings. 

"There  is  a  contrast,"  said  he,  "between  the  simple 
evidence  of  the  work,  which,  up  to  the  present,  stands  before 


168  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

your  eyes,  and  the  magnificence  of  the  rites  with  which 
it  is  blessed ;  l>ut  it  is  generally  observed  that  the  great- 
est results  are  obtained  from  the  smallest  beginnings ;  the 
greatest  powers  are  not  those  whose  first  manifestations 
are  the  most  striking.  The  noise  of  jjowder  exploding, 
which  is  often  heard  in  this  neighborhood  while  the  rocks 
are  being  removed  —  which  divide  one  arm  of  the  old 
Hudson  from  the  other  —  this  noise  startles  the  whole 
neighborhood  and  attracts  the  notice  of  all ;  yet  how  great 
was  the  power  that  patiently,  so  to  speak,  gradually, 
time  after  time,  and  part  after  part,  piled  up  that  mass 
of  rock  which  is  before  you,  on  the  other  side  of  the 
church !  And  yet  it  was  not  attended  with  any  noise  — 
with  any  outward  manifestation  of  its  progress.  You  read 
its  power  in  the  immense  results  which  have  been  brought 
about  by  it.  So  it  will  be  —  so  let  us  all  pray  it  may 
be  —  with  this  Chui-ch  of  Manhattanville,  which  now  has 
progressed  only  a  little,  but  which,  let  us  hoj^e,  will 
arise  and  tower  up  in  time,  so  that  the  attention  of  the 
passer-by  may  be  attracted  to  it  from  a  distance,  and 
his  admiration  be  excited  and  aroused  as  he  nears  the 
sacred  building,  and  as  he  goes  on  his  way,  leaving  it 
behind  him.  ...  It  is  consoling  for  you  to  know 
that  in  the  eye  of  God,  and  in  the  eye  of  the  Chm-ch, 
your  work  is  looked  upon  with  the  same  respect,  the 
same  admu'ation,  the  same  veneration,  as  all  the  greater 
works    of    your    brethren    in    the    faith,    of    whose    under- 


CHURCH  OF  THE  ANNUNCIATION.  169 

tixkinii's  ill  other  lauds  \t>u  are  daih'  iiifornied.  Yet  even 
the  representative  of  the  Hoi}'  Fatlier,  who  has  so  often 
gazed  Ujjon  tlie  h)ft}'  walls  of  St.  Peter's,  knows  there 
is  no  difference  between  the  simple  altar  which  will  be 
here  in  this  place  and  the  magnificent  structure  in  Rome 
at  which  mass  is  celebrated.  He  has  seen  tlie  Father 
of  the  Faithful  engaged  in  offering  up  the  Sacrifice  of 
Atonement;  and  he,  also,  in  different  times,  has  cele- 
brated the  Holy  Sacrifice  within  the  sacred  Avails  of  that 
holy  building.  And  yet  the  interest  he  feels  in  his  heart 
in  seeing  what  you  are  engaged  in,  is  the  saiue  as  what 
he  feels  there,  so  far  as  faith  is  concerned.  Do  not 
believe  that  in  making  these  remarks  I  mean  to  say 
the  work  in  which  you  are  engaged  is  not  a  noble 
one,  for  I  am  informed  that  it  will  be  larger  than  the 
usual  size  of  Catholic  churches  in  tlie  City  of  New  York ; 
and  I  am  sure  it  will  not  only  be  an  honor  to  you 
but  to  the  whole  island.  But  the  works  of  man,  what- 
ever they  may  be,  are  acceptable  to  Almighty  God 
only  Avhen  offered  in  a  proper  spirit.  .  .  .  Tliere 
are  men  probably  present  who  remember  to  have  gone 
on  a  journey  to  Rev.  Mr.  Power  of  St.  Peter's  Church, 
when  Christian  consolation  Avas  wanted  in  such  a  place 
as  Manhattanville.  And  since  that  time  Iioav  much  has 
been  done  in  the  increase  of  the  city !  How  inucli  has 
been  done  for  the  increase  of  the  number  of  those 
belonging    to    our    religion,    and    of   the    churches    in   which 


170  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OP  NEW  YORK. 

we  may  worship  !  But  while  we  are  siuToiinded  by 
temporal  blessings,  which  go  on  increasing,  we  must 
not  forffet  the  benefits  which  have  been  showered  on  us 
by  Him  who  is  the  Giver  of  all  good  gifts. 
Show  j-OTU-  gratitude  to  God  by  offering  at  His  slnine 
a  portion  of  your  goods  from  time  to  time.  Stand  by 
your  pastor,  and  do  not  desert  him.  Do  not  let  your 
zeal  cool  until  the  building  which  you  have  begun  has 
been  completed — until  your  fi'iends  and  yoiu-selves  will 
be  gathered  here  again,  not  to  witness  the  laying  of  a 
corner-stone,  but  to  witness  its  dedication  to  the  worship 
of  Almighty    God." 

At  the  close  of  the  address  the  Niuicio  gave  his 
benediction,    and    the    vast    assemblage    departed. 

Standing-  among:  the  crowd  who  witnessed  the  cere- 
mony,  with  his  head  uncovered  from  its  commencement 
to  its  close,  notwithstanding  the  Ideak  wind  of  November 
that  was  blowing,  Avas  the  venerable  form  of  Thomas 
O'Conor,  one  of  the  earliest  pioneers  of  the  Catholic 
press  in  America — an  author  of  nci  slight  repute  among 
us — whose  recollection  carried  him  back  to  the  time  when 
the  old  St.  Peter's  Church  was  the  onl)-  shrine  of  Cath- 
olicity on   the    whole    of    Manhattan   Island. 

His  illustrious  son  Charles  O'Conor  is  a  striking 
figure  not  in  the  city  only,  but  in  the  country ;  but  his 
venerable  father  long  held  in  the  affections  of  the  Cath- 
olics of  New  York  a  place  that  ought  not  to  be  forgotten. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  ANNUNCIATION.  171 

The  cluii-ch  was  to  be  aiKitlK-r  tribute  of  tlie  love 
of  the  people  to  the  Blessed  Virgin.  Besides  tlie  church 
dedicated  to  her  as  St.  Mary,  there  is  a  church  to  honor 
the  special  privilege  by  which  she  Avas  preserved  from 
the  taint  of  original  sin  in  her  immaculate  conception ; 
and  this  church  was  to  honor  the  mystery  of  the  In- 
carnation, when  the  archangel  Gabriel  announced  to  her 
that  she  was  to  be  the  mother  of  the  Messias,  whom 
the  patriarchs  had  longed  to  see  and  behold.  It  was  to 
be  like  a  perpetual  Angelus  announcing  that  "the  Word 
Avas    made    flesh." 

By  the  exertions  and  sacrifices  of  the  pastor,  the 
church  was  at  last  completed  in  the  winter  of  1854 — a 
beautiful  structure  in  its  picturesque  position  on  the  hill- 
side fronting-  the  Blooming'dale  Road,  now  Broadway-.  It 
was  solemnly  dedicated,  in  the  winter  of  1854,  by  the 
Very  Rev.  William  St;irrs,  Vicar  General  of  the  Diocese, 
the  Archbishop  being  then  absent  iu  Europe.  The  sermon 
on  the  occasion  was  delivered  by  the  Rev.  J.  Murray 
Forbes,  who,  taking  as  his  text,  "  Behold,  from  henceforth 
all  generations  shall  call  me  blessed,"  showed  how  reason- 
able  and  how  consoling  to  the  Christian  heart  was  the 
devotion    paid    by  the   Church    to    the    Blessed  Virgin. 

The  cluu'ch  is  fifty-seven  feet  in  width  by  ninety  in 
depth,  of  the  ancient  Gothic  style,  solidly  built  of  l)rick 
trinnned  and  pointed  witli  stone  fiicings.  ^^'h('ll  completed, 
it  cost  abont  S25,0()() ;    and   all   this   was   paid   except  about 


172       CATHOLIC  CHUKCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

$10,000.  It  had  some  liberal  benefactors.  The  chancel 
windows  Avere  the  gift  of  Charles  M.  Connolly,  Esq. 
When  the  Churt'h  of  the  Annunciation  was  erected,  the 
grades  of  the  streets  had  not  been  definitively  settled, 
and  in  opening-  the  Boulevard  so  much  was  cut  away 
that  the  sacred  edifice  now  stands  on  an  eminence  tower- 
ing hiffh  in  air.  Its  architecture,  idain  and  almost  stern, 
inspires  a  kind  of  awe ;  but  as  you  enter,  the  mellow  light 
tlu-ough  the  stained  glass  at  the  sides  and  in  the  chan- 
cel, through  pictured  evangelists,  gives  a  holy  calm.  In 
the  lancet-shaped  apsis  stands  the  beautiful  altar,  with  a 
painting  of  the  Annunciation  and  another  of  the  Immacu- 
late Conception.  Within  the  rail,  just  at  the  edge  of  the 
recess,  are  altars  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  and  St.  Joseph ; 
and  to  the  riglit,  at  the  extremity  of  the  aisle,  is  a  Chapel 
of  the    Sacred    Heart,  exquisite   in    taste. 

Among  the  prominent  pew-holders  were  Dr.  Levi 
Silliman  Ives,  who  laid  down  at  the  feet  of  the  successor 
of  St.  Peter  the  insignia  of  his  position  as  Bishop  of 
North  Carolina  in  the  Protestant  Episcopal  Church,  and 
his  wife,  a  daughter  of  Bishop  Hobart,  once  bishop  of  the 
same  church  in  Ne\\'  York,  who  wavered  under  the  argu- 
ments of  Bishop    Connolly,    but   never    embraced    the  faith. 

The  Christian  Brothers  carried  out  their  plan,  and 
on  the  ground  retained  by  them  erected  Manhattan  Col- 
lege, one  of  the  most  thriving  and  good-doing  of  our 
Catholic    literary    institutions. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  ANNUNCIATION.  173 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Donnelly  was  succeeded  in  the  charge 
of  the  churcli  by  the  Rev.  F.  H.  Fan'elly,  now  pastor 
of  St.  James',  who  for  four  years  labored  efficientl}-  in 
this  parish.  It  was  under  the  pastoral  care  of  the  Rev. 
Jolin  Breen  for  thirteen  years,  until  his  death,  February 
18,    1873. 

This  zealous  pastor,  who,  dying  at  the  age  of  fifty, 
was  one  of  the  oldest  laborers  in  the  ^'ineyard  of  New 
York  diocese,  was  a  native  of  Ireland,  trained  for  the 
service  of  God's  altar  in  the  solid  and  thorough  course 
of  Maynooth;  coming  to  this  country  to  labor  among 
the  wonderfully  increasing  fold  of  Catholics,  who  seemed 
to  arise  as  if  by  enchantment  in  all  j)arts  of  the  vast 
American    continent. 

His  first  mission  duties  were  discharged  in  the  Diocese 
of  Chicago ;  then  he  was  identified  with  the  Church  of 
the  Annunciation,  laboring  earnestly  in  a  parish  extend- 
ing from  Fifty-ninth  Street  to  Spuyten  Duyvil.  In  the 
cause  of  education  he  was  deeply  intei'ested,  and  not 
only  established  schools  for  his  own  parish,  but  was  for 
eight  or  nine  years  one  of  the  jirofessors  in  Manhattan 
College. 

On  his  decease  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  placed 
the  faithful  of  Annunciation  parish  under  the  j^astoral 
care    of    the    Rev.    Jeremiah   J.    Griffin. 

The  church  has  excellent  facilities  for  its  parochial 
schools ;    it   is   in   the    innnediate    vicinity   of    the    Convent 


174  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

of  tlie  Ladies  of  the  Sacred  Heart,  and  ]\Ianhattan  C!ol- 
leg-e.  Some  of  the  Brothers  uf  the  Cliristian  Schools 
from  the  latter  institution  direct  the  boys'  school  of  An- 
nimciation  parish,  numbering  three  hundred  and  twent}^, 
while  three  hundred  and  seventy  girls  attend  a  scliool 
where  they  are  taught  1)}'  Ladies  of  the  Sacred  Heart. 
The  jn'eat  advantages  thus  afforded  to  all  classes  in  this 
parisli  for  the  Clnistian  and  Catholic  education  of  their 
children  are  incalculable.  The  poorest  can  give  their 
young  a  thorougli  religions  training  in  the  parocliial 
schools  of  tlie  church.  To  those  who  can  and  will  enrich 
the  minds  of  their  offspring  Avitli  the  liighest  literary  cul- 
ture, IVIanhattan  College,  and  tlie  Academy  of  the  Ladies 
of  tlie  Sacred  Heart,  within  their  very  parish,  offer  ad- 
vanta<res    of   the    lii"-hest    order. 

The  parish  of  the  Annunciation  can  scarcely  foil  to 
show,  as  years  go  on,  the  resiilt  of  all  these  advan- 
tages now  enjoyed.  It  shows  its  religious  life  in  its  Altar 
Society,  Society  of  the  Holy  Rosary,  Confraternity  of  the 
Sacred  Heart,  its  Sodality  of  the  Childi'en  of  Mary,  and 
Young  ]\Ien's  Sodality,  as  \xe\\  as  in  its  benevolent  organ- 
izations —  the  Society  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul,  and  the 
Sewing    Society  for   the    Ilulief  of  the    Poor. 

The  Sunday-school  is  mcII  organized,  numbering  tliree 
hundi'ed  pupils,  with  a  library  of  five  hundred  ■\vell-selected 
volumes. 


v^^,^;;^  -  n  vJSSisSvN.'s^^Sls.v-.^  '  >>>^^  N 


■ei'e'!4^'i'fi--/i' 


i-'Mye^)^'^^ 


CHURCH  (JF  TUE  ANNUNCIATION.  I75 


REV.    JEREMIAH    J.    GRIFFIN, 

PASTOU    OF    THE    CHURCH    OF    THE    ANNUNCIATION. 


THE  present  pastor  of  the  Church  of  the  Annun- 
ciation was  born  in  Newcastle,  County  Limerick, 
Irehxnd,  in  March,  1830,  and  came  with  liis  family  to 
this  country  when  only  in  his  tenth  year.  After  some 
years'  preliminary  study  he  was  sent  to  JMount  St.  j\Iary's 
College,  at  Emmettsburg,  Maryland,  in  1856 ;  and  having 
resolved  to  devote  his  life  to  God's  service,  was  soon 
enrolled  among:  the  seminarians  in  that  school  of  the 
clergy. 

At  the  conclusion  of  his  theological  course  he  was 
ordained  by  Archbishop  McCloskey,  at  St.  Patrick's  Cathe- 
di'al,    on    the    30th    of   September,    1865, 

He  has  since  been  constantly  engaged  in  laborious 
parochial  duty.  The  young  priest's  first  position  was 
that  of  assistant  at  the  Church  of  the  Nativity,  and 
after  fulfilling  his  duties  acce])tably  there  for  tliree  years, 
he  was  removed  to  the  more  onerous  duties  of  assistant 
at  St.  Stejjhen's  Church,  where  he  remained  for  three 
years   more. 

The  ability  displayed  by  him  in  these  jjositions  in 
the   city    mission    led    to    his    apponitment,   in    1872,  to    the 


176 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


Chiirch  of  the  Assumption,  at  Peekskill.  Here  he  dis- 
played the  same  zeal  and  devotion  to  his  sacred  calling, 
and  when  the  j)astorship  of  the  Church  of  the  Annun- 
ciation, at  Manhattanville,  became  vacant  by  the  death 
of  the  reverend  gentleman  who  liad  for  many  years 
guided  the  flock,  the  Archbishop  promoted  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Griffin  to  this  church,  in  April,  1873.  Here  his  zeal  has 
been  unremitting,  and  his  Eminence  the  Cardinal,  on 
his  visitation  for  confirmation,  paid  a  merited  tribute  to 
the  pastor  and  the  church.  His  assistant  is  the  Rev.  J 
M.    Grady. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  ANTHONY. 

12  SULLIVAN  STREET. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  ANTHONY  OF  PADUA. 

SULLIVAN   STREET. 


THERE  can  be  little  doubt  but  that  the  Catholic 
luivlgatoi'  Gomez,  at  the  close  of  the  tirst  quarter 
of  the  sixteenth  century,  entered  our  harbor  on  the  feast 
of  the  great  Franciscan,  St.  Anthony  of  Padua ;  and, 
himself  a  Portuguese,  felt  especial  devotion  to  that  glory 
of  his  native  land.  We  draw  this  conclusion  from  the 
fact  that  other  coast  names  are  those  of  summer  feasts, 
and  in  the  name  of  St.  Anthony  applied  to  our  noble 
Hudson,   we    see    the    first  dedication    to    that  great    saint. 

No  church,  however,  Ijore  his  name  until  the  year 
1859,  when  a  zealous  Italian  priest  was  touched  by  the 
condition  of  his  poor  countrymen  in  New  York.  Many 
of  these,  having  none  to  address  them  in  their  native  tongue, 
had  fallen  into  utter  neglect  of  their  i-eligious  duties, 
while  the  revolutionary  element,  full  of  hatred  of  religion 
and  the  priesthood,  did  all  in  their  ^^ower  to  weaken  the 
pious  impressions  of  early  training ;  and  the  devom-ing 
wolves  of  religious  jjroselytism,  who  cared  little  for  the 
temporal  or  eternal  future  of  their  victims,  so  that  they 
hu'ed  them  from  Rome,  strained  every  nerve  and  lavished 
money    to    seduce    the    poor    Italians    from    their   faith. 


CIUKCII  OF  .ST.  ANTIIUNV  (»b'  J'ADUA.  179 

Rev.  Mr.  Saiig-uinetti  obtained  a  lease  of  tlie  cliiiicli 
buildiiiy  ill  Canal  8treet,  wliicli  had  Kccu  used  by  the 
congregatiou  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul,  and  with  the  sanc- 
tion and  eiicourayeinent  of  tlut  Most  RevcMviid  Archbishop 
began  to  collect  his  scattered  countrvnieii  and  endeavored 
to  revive  l)iety  and  devotion  among  them.  His  labors 
were  far  from  fruitless;  but  dilficulties  arose,  and  the  spirit 
of  evil  was  not  .so  easily  dri\en  from  a  field  tliat  he 
claimed.  The  good  priest,  after  struggling  for  more  than 
a  year,  lost  heart,  and,  tlioi-oughl\-  discouraged,  abandoned 
the    mission    wdiich    he    had    undertaken. 

But  the  Churcli  of  St.  Anthony  of  I'adua  was  not 
to  be  merel}-  a  name,  'Hie  wants  of  tlic  Italians  had 
become  evident,  and  maiiv  among  them  were  not  dis- 
posed to  let  the  2'i"".i''<'f  t'-iil.  The  Most  Reverend  Arch- 
bi.sliop  mentioned  his  diflicult\  to  the  Very  Rev.  Pamfilo 
da  Magliaiio,  tlien  Pro\  incial  of  the  Franciscans  at  Alle- 
o'lienv.  Nothinti'  could  hv,  more  consoliiii>-  to  that  excel- 
lent  religious  man,  and  he  gladh-  undertook  to  establisli 
a  church  for  his  countrvmen.  Tlie  Re\.  Leo  Pacilio,  an 
acconipli.shed  Neapolitan  jiriest,  was  sent  to  commence  the 
good    work. 

Selecting-  a  portion  of  the  cit\-  wher(_'  no  ('atliolic 
church  existed,  lie  looked  f(H'  a  suitable  l)uildin;^'.  Pru- 
dence suggested  ec<niom\',  and  tindiiiL;-  in  Sullixan  Street 
a  Methodist  church  ou  leasehold  propertx'  that  could  Ik; 
acquired     on     reasonable     terms,     he     secured    it,    ami     soon 


180  CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

fitted  it  lip   for  tlie  use  of  the   Italian  congregation  whom 
he   gathei-ed. 

The  church  was  solemnly  dedicated  on  the  10th  day 
of  April,  1866,  by  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop,  now 
Cardinal  McCloskey,  assisted  by  the  Very  Rev.  William 
Starrs,  V.G. ;  and  the  Rev.  Francis  McNeirny,  secretary. 
After  the  usual  ceremonies  setting  apart  this  building 
for  the  service  of  the  Church,  the  altar  was  adorned,  and 
a  Solemn  High  Mass  celebrated  by  the  Very  Rev.  Pam- 
filo  da  Magliano,  Father  Leo  da  Saracena  as  deacon,  and 
Father  Andi-ew  Pfeiffer  as  subdeacon.  The  Most  Reverend 
Archbishop  preached  the  dedicatory  sermon ;  and  after  the 
Post  Communion,  the  pastor,  Rev.  Leo  Pacilio,  returned 
thanks  to  the  Archbishop  in  Italian,  expressing  the  grati- 
tiide  of  his  flock.  In  the  evening,  at  vespers,  the  Rt. 
Rev.  Bishop  Lynch  of  Charleston  gave  benediction,  and 
an  Italian  sermon  was  delivered  by  the  learned  Dr.  De 
Concilio    of  Jersey    City. 

The  Fathers  at  first  took  up  their  abode  in  part  of 
'the  building,  which  they  found  arranged  so  as  to  be 
adapted  to  the  purpose,  and  zealously  began  their  labors. 
When  the  success  of  St.  Anthony's  was  no  longer  in 
doubt,  a  more  convenient  residence  was  obtained.  The 
Italians  soon  found  then  way  from  all  parts  to  the 
new  church,  and  benefited  by  the  ministrations  of  the 
Franciscans. 

Father    Leo  was    succeeded    by    F.    Joachim    Guerrini. 


CnUECH  OF  ST.  ANTHONY  OF  PADUA.       181 

The  convent  was  then  for  some  years  the  residence  of 
the  Provincial  of  the  Order  in  this  country.  The  Very 
Rev.  James  Titta,  who  was  attached  to  the  chvu-ch  from 
1871,  remained  when  made  Provincial,  and  after  the  con- 
clusion of  his  term.  He  was  a  native  of  Gombitelli,  and 
after  his  ordination  in  1854  belonged  to  the  choir  of  the 
Lateran  Basilica.  He  died  Guardian  of  the  Convent  and 
pastor  of  St.  Anthony's,  March  11,  1877,  highly  esteemed 
by  the  flock  which  he  had  directed,  now  embracing  not 
only  Italians  but  many  English-speaking  Catholics,  who 
have  learned  to  appreciate  the  sons  of  St.  Francis  of 
Assisi. 

The  present  Guardian  of  the  Convent  and  pastor  of 
the   churcli   is   the    Rev.    Father   Anacletus,    O.S.F. 

Such  is,  in  brief,  tlie  history  of  the  church  dedicated 
to  the  great  Franciscan  saint,  in  whose  lionor  Father 
Louis  Hennepin,  two  centuries  ago,  named  the  cataract 
on'  the  Upper  Mississippi,  still  known  as  the  Falls  of  St. 
Anthony ;  .and  in  whose  honor  the  Spanish  Franciscans 
soon  after  named  a  mission  in  Texas,  which  has  now 
become    an    episcopal    see. 

He  is  called  of  Padua,  because  that  city  was  the 
chief  scene  of  his  labors ;  but  he  was  a  native  of  Lis- 
bon, the  capital  of  Portugal.  He  was  born  in  1195, 
and  christened  Ferdinand.  He  fii'st  entered  a  conmivinity 
of  Canons  Regular,  but  was  attracted  to  the  Franciscans 
by    their   zeal,    poverty,    and    heroism    in    the    foreign    mis- 


182  CATHOLIC  CHUKCHE>S  OF  NEW  YORK. 

sious.  Kiiteriiiji-  Miuoiiy  them,  he  took  the  luuiie  of  An- 
thony, and  was  sent  to  Africa;  l)nt  forced  by  ill  health 
to  leaAC,  the  vessel  in  which  he  embarked  was  driven  to 
Sicily.  In  Italy  he  had  the  ha])piness  of  seein<>-  St. 
Francis  jiimself,  bnt,  concealing  all  his  gUia  and  learning-, 
took  the  huiuldest  duties  in  the  house,  until  one  day  his 
superior  ordered  liim  to  address  the  conmnmity  and  some 
Dominicans  wlio  were  stopping  with  them.  His  eloquence, 
learning  and  unction  amazed  all  ])resent.  St.  Francis, 
learning  his  aliilitA'  and  piety,  sent  him  to  Vercelli  to 
complete  his  stmlies  and  then  to  teach  theology,  which 
he  did  tor  man\-  vears  in  various  cities,  liut  he  long'ed 
to  beconu?  a  missionarv  j)reacher.  AVhen  he  was  per- 
mitted to  begin,  he  concerted  the  most  obstinate  heretics 
and  the  most  hardened  sinners,  and  preached  in  France, 
Spain  and  Italy  with  wonderful  .sviccess,  God  approving 
his  work  by  miracles,  and  giving  him  in  the  confes- 
sional supernatural  wisdom  and  ])rudence.  His  words 
brought  the  tvrant  F/Czelin<)  in  tears  a  ))enitent  at  his 
feet.  He  died  .Tune  l.'Uli,  \'2:'A,  at  the  earlv  age  of 
thirty-six.  The  miracles  wroiight  in  his  life  and  after 
death  were  so  extraordinar>'  that  he  was  almost  immedi- 
atelv  canonized,  and  was  honored  thnmghout  all  parts 
of  Europe  long  Ijefore  the  discoverv  of  America.  The 
Franciscan  missionaries,  pioneers  of  the  faith  in  the  Xew 
World,  l)ore  the  devotion  with  them  from  the  snows  of 
Canada    to    the    banks    of    the    T^a  Plata. 


CIIUIU'II  OF  ST.  ANTHONY  OF  I'ADUA.  183 

Tilt'  Fathers  at  our  New  York  churcli  iK'<;-lect  no 
means  to  ditiuse  piet\'  anion;;-  their  flock.  'Vlw  Society 
of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul,  so  zeahins  in  reheving-  tlie  poor, 
is  well  established;  and  there  is  also  the  Italian  benev- 
olent Soeiet}'  <»f  St.  Anthony.  Thev  have  orpmizcd 
rosary  and  temperance  societies  for  liotli  Knglisli  and 
Italian-speaking  Catholics,  witli  the  Children  of  ^[arv, 
and  a  Sodality  of  tlu^  H'^b'  Angels,  and  a  Society  of 
the    Sacred    Heart. 

The  Franciscans  have  a  Third  <  )rder,  for  persons  of 
both  sexes  living  in  the  world,  but  following  to  some 
extent  the  rule  of  St.  Francis.  There  are  Tertiaries  con- 
nected with  this  church,  and  also  the  Confraternity  of 
the  Cord    of    St.    Francis. 

Education  has  received  special  care.  The  late  Father 
James  Titta  Itought  a  suitable  biiilding  and  established 
a  parish  school,  in  which  English  and  Italian  are  taught ; 
the  bovs  bv  lay  teachers,  the  girls  Ijy  the  ]\[issionary 
Sisters    of    the    Third    Order    of   St.    Francis. 

The  field  open  for  the  labors  of  the  Fathers  of  the 
Chm'ch  of  St.  Anthony  is  one  that  day  by  day  increases. 
Under  the  old  rule  in  Italy,  living  was  low;  and  in  no 
part  of  the  world  perhaps  was  there  a  more  contented 
population. 

The  dream  of  Italian  unity  has  been  realized,  and 
it  has  resulted  in  a  profligate  and  expensive  court,  a 
civil   administration   reckless    of   expense,    a    standing    arun- 


184 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


that  takes  nearly  a  nilllion  of  men,  in  the  pnme  of  hfe, 
from  the  pursuits  of  industry,  and  compels  the  rest  of 
the    community    to    support   them. 

The  seizm'e  of  church  property  and  its  sale  did  little 
to  fill  the  exchequer,  drained  Tjy  the  new  outlays.  Taxes 
were  multiplied,  and  many  small  cultivators  were  forced 
to  abandon  the  lands  held  hy  their  ancestors  for  cen- 
turies. New  Italy  drove  her  childi'en  hy  the  thousands 
from  her  shores,  to  seek  a  livelihood  in  other  lands.  The 
emigration  to  America  took  a  rapid  development,  and 
with  the  Avorthy  and  industrious  came,  of  course,  many 
whose  evil  courses  made  tliem  gladly  seek  a  change. 
The  City  of  New  York,  the  natural  centre  of  immigration, 
has  received  Italians  by  thousands,  so  that  they  are  now 
found  in  all  branches  of  ti'ade  and  labor,  the  luiskilled 
taking  in  many  cases  the  work  on  railroads  and  other 
improvements,  which  was  formerly  almost  exclusively  per- 
formed   by    ihe    stalwart    men    from    Ireland. 

These  emigrants,  in  a  new  and  strange  country,  ^ith 
none  of  the  influence  of  their  parish  priest  or  religious  — 
their  quiet  riural  homes  exchanged  for  city  tenements  — 
were    exposed   to    a  loss    of  faith. 

It  will  thus  be  seen  that  the  Chm-ch  of  St.  Anthony 
of  Padua,  being  the  only  one  in  the  city  devoted  exclu- 
sively to  the  care  of  the  spiritual  interests  of  the  Italian 
residents,    has    an   immense    work. 


(^ri./.    K^ 


CHUKCH  OF  ST.  ANTHONY  OF  PADUA.  18.5 


REV.  FATHER  ANACLETUS  da  ROCCAGORGA,  O.S.F., 

PASTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH  OF  ST.  ANTHONY  OF  PADUA. 


THE  present  Guardian  of  the  Convent  and  pastor 
of  the  Chiu-ch  of  St.  Anthony  of  Padua,  the  Rev. 
Father  Anacletus,  is  a  niemlier  oi  the  Reformed  Francis- 
cans or  Recollects,  who  commenced  their  labors  in  this 
State  in  the  year  1855,  and  for  several  years  jiast  have 
conducted  a  flourishing-  college  at  Allegany,  and  missions 
in  various  parts  of  the  country.  They  thus  revived  the 
holy  memories  of  the  Franciscan  missionaries  of  the  French 
and  Spanish  colonial  period,  when  the}'  were  the  first 
missionaries  in  Canada,  New  Mexico,  Texas,  and  Upper 
California,  and  reddened  Florida  with  the  blood  of  their 
martyrs. 

Father  Anacletus  was  born  on  the  2d  of  June,  1836, 
at  Roccagorga,  a  town  in  the  Pontifical  States,  and  ^\-as 
baptized  Uvo  days  after,  by  tlie  name  of  Anthony  j\Iar}', 
his    family    name    being    De  Angelis. 

His  early  piety  led  him  to  serve  frequently  as  a 
boy  at  the  altar,  and  at  the  age  of  eighteen  he  renounced 
the  world  to  enter  the  Franciscan  Order  sit  Rome.  There 
he  read  pliilosophy  for  tlu-ee  years,  and  came  to  tliis 
country  December    ?>d,    1865,    to    join    the    American    Pro- 


isn 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YOUK. 


viuce  ot  liis  order,  lie  litis  lalxircd  ze;i,l(msl\-  in  \arious 
missions,  doing-  witliout  ostentation  the  ])riestlv  dntics  in  tlie 
convents   and   chnrclies   under   the   care   of  liis    connnnnitv. 

His  merit  was  soon  recognized  hy  liis  supeiiors  and 
liis  brethren,  and  he  was  placed  in  positions  of  n^sponsi- 
bility,  requiring-  not  only  zeal  and  })ietv,  hut  tliat  a(hinn- 
istrative    ability    which   is    not    g-iven    to    all. 

He  was  ma(h'  Cluardian  of  the  Convent  and  ('(dleo-e 
at  Allegany,  New  York,  the  principal  liouse  of  the  Friars 
Minors  of  the  Reform  in  America.  He  then  was  ap- 
pointed to  the  same  position  in  the  convent  of  his  order 
at  Winsted,  Connecticut ;  and  subsequently  was  made 
Guardian  of  the  Convent  and  pastor  of  St.  I'atrick's 
Cluirch   in   the    City    of  liuffalo. 

He  has,  it  will  be  seen,  lieen  in  several  dioceses,  and 
has  in    all  Avon  the  esteem  of  the   Right  Reverend  Bishops. 

He  has  been  for  some  years  connected  with  the 
Church  of  St.  Anthony  in  this  city,  and,  on  the  death 
of  the  lamented  Father  Titta,  A\as  made  Guardian  of  the 
Convent    and    pastor    of   the    clmrcli. 

His  experience  in  the  monastery,  his  knowledge  of 
the  wants  of  his  countrymen  in  America,  with  his  zeal 
and  ability,  give  the  hope  that  his  ministr}^  in  New  York 
City    will   be    a   fruitful    one. 

His  associates  in  1878  are  Father  Leonard  P.  Mc- 
Kernan,  O.S.F.,  Father  Camillus  da  lifotefegatese,  O.S.F., 
and    Father    Julius    da    Arpino,   O.S.F. 


CHIIUOH  OF  «'!'.  ANTHONY  OF  I'ADUA. 


ISl 


R 


OLL     OF 


H 


ONOR 


Berk,  Aflolpli. 
Hogan,   I'liomas. 
Rrosnan,  Daniel  M. 
Brown,  Tliomas,  Mrs. 
Carvey,  Patrick. 
Cavanagh,  James  F. 
Cloke,  James. 
Cody,  Tobias. 
Connors,  Michael. 
Conway,  Annie,  Mrs. 
Crowley,  Dennis. 
Daly,  Jane,  Mrs. 
Daly,  John  B. 
Devaney,  Patrick. 
Donlin,  P.  E. 
Downey,  John,  Mrs. 
Duffy,  Bernard, 
Dwyer,  Timothy. 
Eagaii,  Michael. 
Eagleton,  Thomas. 
Egan,  Maria. 
Eustace,  Richard. 
Ferguson,  Dennis  G. 
Finn,  Patrick  J. 
Fitzimmons,  Felix. 
Flynn,  Catharine. 
Frost,  John. 
Gallagher,  John. 
Garry,  Michael  J. 
Garvey,  Michael. 
Gillooly,  Patrick  H. 
C.leason.  Patrick. 


Hassett,  Thomas  H. 
Haight,  William  A. 
Healey,  Edward. 
Heffernan,  James. 
Hickey,  Patrick. 
Higgins,  Patrick. 
Holland,  Philip. 
Hughes,  Henry. 
Hurley,  Edward, 
Kane,  William  James. 
Kelly,  Dudley.   . 
Kelly.  Edward. 
Kelly,  James  J. 
Kennelly,  Patrick. 
Lawless,  William. 
Lynch,  Maggie. 
Lynch,  Patrick. 
McCormick,  Richard. 
McCullough,  Daniel. 
McDermott,  John. 
McDonnell,  Charles. 
McEntee,  James. 
McGinn,  John. 
McGrath,  John. 
McKenna,  Bernard. 
McKernan,  M.  F.,  Mrs. 
McNabb,  Catharine,  Mrs. 
Madigan,  Michael. 
Manning,  James  j . 
Meagher,  John. 
Meagher,  Joseph. 
Monahan.  Michael. 


Morton,  Caroline,  Mrs. 
Nash,  P.  H.  . 
Nicholson,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Nolan,  Catharine.  Mrs. 
Nugent,  H. 
O'Brien,  James. 
O'Connor,  John. 
O'Connor,  Samuel. 
O'Connor,  Thomas. 
O'Day,  John. 
O'Ro'rke,  B. 
Rathe,  Julia,  Mrs. 
Reilly,  Hugh, 
Reilly,  PhiHp. 
Rogers,  Josejih. 
Rouse,  Katie. 
Ryan,  John  H. 
Sanders,  John. 
.Scannell,  John. 
Selveira,  Jos.  W.  M.,  Mrs. 
Sharkey,  ^Lartin. 
Shorten,  Patrick. 
Sinnott,  Matthew. 
Smith,  Margaret,  Miss. 
Smith,  Patrick. 
Tobin,  John  J. 
Walsh,  Jolm. 
Walsh,  John.  Mrs. 
Walsh,  Michael. 
^\'ard,  James  J. 
Ward,  John. 
White.  John. 


on u HO II  or  the  assumption. 

WEST    FORTY-NINTH    STREET. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  ASSUMPTION  OF  THE 
BLESSED  VIRGIN   MARY. 

FORTY-NINTH  STREET. 


TOWARDS  the  year  1858,  the  increase  of  the  Ger- 
man Catholic  popuhition  on  tlie  western  side  of 
the  city  seemed  to  require  greater  accommodations  than 
were  afforded  by  the  chm-ches  of  St.  Jolm  the  Baptist 
and  St.  Francis  Seraph.  The  Rev.  A.  Krasny,  AAath 
the  encouragement  and  by  the  appointment  of  his  Grace 
Archbishop  McCloskey,  took  steps  to  organize  a  new 
congregation.  He  found  the  faithful  ready  to  co-operate 
with  him.  A  lease  was  obtained  of  a  lot  on  the  south- 
east corner  of  Ninth  Avenue  and  Fiftieth  Street,  and  on 
this  a  plain  but  substantial  frame  building  was  erected, 
and  dedicated  by  the  Very  Rev.  William  StaiTs,  Vicar 
General,  in  April,  1858,  as  the  temporary  Chm-ch  of  the 
Assumption.  He  preached  on  the  occasion  in  English, 
and  a  sermon  in  the  language  of  the  congregation  was 
delivered   at   the   mass. 

Soon  after,  three  lots  were  purchased  in  Forty-ninth 
Street,  between  Ninth  and  Tenth  Avenues,  for  the  pur- 
pose of  erecting  a  more  substantial  chm-ch,  to  accommo- 
date   the    constantly    increasing    flock.       The    corner-stone 


lf)0       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

ot"  tlie  new  Church  of  the*  Assuniptiuu  was  laid  by  the 
Jlost  Rev.  Archbishop  McCloskey,  on  Sunday,  the  first 
day  of  Mav,  1859.  Societies  connected  with  the  Church 
of  the  Most  Holy  Redeemer,  St.  P^ancis  Seraph,  St. 
Francis  Xavier,  St.  John's,  and  the  Society  of  St.  Vin- 
cent dc  I'jud,  marched  to  the  spot.  The  Archbishop, 
attended  bv  the  Rev.  Francis  McNeirny,  the  Very  Rev. 
W.  Brouillet,  V.G.,  and  a  number  of  other  clerg-ynien, 
performed  the  ceremony  as  laid  down  in  the  ritual  ; 
and  after  blessing;-  the  corner-stone,  returned  to  the  deco- 
rated platform,  where  he  delivered  one  of  those  hapj»y 
and  touchino-  addresses  wliidi  sink  into  the  heart.  Tak- 
ing  as  his  text  the  words  of  the  I'salni,  "Unless  the 
Lord  build  the  house,  they  labor  in  vain  Avho  buihl 
it,"  he  said :  "  These  words  are  taken  from  the  ser^'i(■e 
used  in  blessing  the  corner-stone  of  a  C'atholic  church, 
because  it  is  the  corner-stone,  and  l)ecause  the  Avords 
of  the  roval  prophet,  '  Unless  the  Lord  build  the  house, 
they  labor  in  vain  who  Ituild  it,'  are  the  corner-stone 
of  all  true  religion.  There  are  two  foundations,  then, 
one  of  which  is  a  material  stone,  and  the  other  a  cor- 
ner-stone of  faith  in  Christ.  To  this  last  I  call  your 
attention  ;  for  e\ery  j^raAer  and  chant  and  ceremony 
connected  with  blessing  the  cc>rner-stone  of  the  cluu'ch 
which  is  to  rise  on  this  ground,  is  connected  with  that 
hio-her  Church  and  Tabernacle  to  which  we  ai-e  all  in- 
vited.       The   prayers    are    for   the    perpetuity    of   the    faith, 


CHURCH  OF  THK  ASSUMPTION.  191 

tlui  c'lijinty  and  love,  and  iW  ])unty  of  licart  of  those 
wlio  shall  enter  this  building'  and  receixe  tlie  sacraments 
at  th(!  altar,  which  is  to  be  where  I  now  stand.  The 
[Mirposc  for  ■which  the  church  is  to  l)e  erected  is  to 
echo  and  re-eclio,  from  age  to  age,  that  blessed  truth 
which  the  Son  of  God  connnunicated  to  the  world,  and 
declared  should  remain  for  all  time.  The  clnn-ch  is 
erected  for  the  administration  of  the  sacraments.  The 
idea  of  a  Catholic  church  is  not  for  learned  men  to 
mount  a  rostrum  and  declare  their  own  ideas  to  the 
|)eoi)h^  No!  they  were  to  speak  the  truth,  and  not 
give    opinions;     for    Jesus    Clirist    never    gave    opinions." 

He  congratulated  the  Gennan  Catholics  on  their  zeal, 
and  urged  them  to  persevere  to  the  completion  of  their 
projected  church.  Tlic  Imilding  of  the  new  churcli  Mient 
on  rapidh",  and  a  tine  brick  edifice,  with  a  lofty  steeple, 
the  caps  and  trimmings  of  durable  brown  stone,  attested 
to  all  ^vllo  visited  that  part  of  the  city,  the  zeal  and 
taste    of   the   cong-regation. 

When  this  new  church  was  dedicated  and  opent^l  for 
service,  the  temjiorary  Churcli  on  Ninth  Avenue  was  sold. 
The  church  was  for  many  years  under  the  pastoral  care 
of  the  Rev,  Benedict  Stroehle,  who  was  succeeded  in  the 
year    187()   b\-    the    Kc\-.   A.   Schwcmiiger. 

From  an  earlx'  ]M'i-io(l  in  the  annals  of  this  church 
we  iiuil  care  o-iven  to  the  Cbristiau  education  of  the  Youuf;-. 
To^vards  the  close  of  Rev.  Mr.  Stroehle's  pastoral  relations, 


192                 CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

several  lots  were  purchased  on  Fiftietli  Street,  in  the  rear 

of  the   chui-ch,  and  a  very  fine    brick    school-house   erected 

at    a    cost    of    about     twenty-five    thousand     dollars.       The 

schools    are    attended     by    about     four   hundi-ed    and     fifty 

jjupils   of  both    sexes,  who    are    instructed    in  all    the    com- 

mon   school    branches   by    eleven    School    Sisters    of    Notre 

Dame  and    some    lay    teachers. 

The    congregation   numbers   about   five  thousand  souls. 

and    the    annual   baptisms    about   tlu-ee   hundi'ed. 

Roll  of  Honor. 

CHURCH   OF    THE   ASSUMPTION. 

Ackefman,  Carl.              Foerscli,  Caspar.             Kessler,  -A.dolph.            Ohverter,  George. 

Ackerman,  John.             Foerscli,  Joseph.              Kinake,  J.  Y.                   Orlh,  George. 

Albert,  I'eter.                  Friedrick,  Carl.                Kirchof,  John.                 Ostermann,  Mrs. 

Amberg,  John.                 Frish,  John.                      Kirchhoefer,  George.      Panzer,  Joseph. 

Balk,  ApoUonia.              Froehrenbach,  Peter.     Koch,  Kdward.               Pfeiffer,  John  G. 

Baumaun,  Edward.         Frost,  Matthew.               Koester,  Hermann.         Reichwein,  Joseph. 

Bauniel,  John.                  Fuchs,  Attila.                    I'^rug,  Christina.               Reit\\'iesner,  John. 

Bechner,  Joseph.             Gebhardt,  Anna.              Knorr,    Morris.                Renz,  Frank. 

Berneziser,  Mrs.             Gerde^,  Clemens.           Lambert,  Margaret.       Roose,  D.  A. 

Beyer,  John.                    Graf,  Theodore.               Lang,  Dorothea.             Roesncr,  John. 

Biegen,  Frank.                 Grau,  John.                       Latour,  Peter.                   Rottper,  Joseph. 

BoUe,  Frank.                     Gross,  Anton.                   Lauterbacher,  Alois.       Rudloff,  Jacob. 

Brehm,  Anna.                   Gross,  John.                      Loehr,  Barbara.               Ruprecht,  Thomas. 

Breitenbach,  A.                Grundner,  John.               Loehr,  John.                    Saum,  LdA\'ard. 

lirex,  Jolin.                        Habermann,  Michael.     Maling,   Philip.                Schaefer,   Sebastian, 

Brunner,  Peter.                Hachenfurth,  Mrs.           Mansing,  Henry.             Scheidler,  Joseph. 

Bueffel,  Jacob.                 Haeckel,   Conrad.            Mark,  George.                Schindler,  Michael. 

Burger,  Joseph.               Haeckel,  Michael.            Martin,  Bernhard.           Schmoeller,  Louis. 

Burkardt,  Nicholas.       Hartmann,  CJeorge.         Marschall,  Frank.            Schneider,  Matthew. 

Dettinger,  Andrew.         Heil,  George.                    Mehl,  Conrad.                  Schramm,  Stephen. 

Diebold,  George.             Heimbuch,  W.  Mrs.       Melilig,  Frank.                Schwarz,  Adam. 

Diepenbach,  A.                Heiss,  Dorothea.              Mehlig,  Henry.                Senger,  Martin. 

Dinselb.acher,  A.             Hilbert,  Anton.               Meurer,  George.             Seuferling,  A. 

Duerr,  Kunigunda.          Hoev,  Joseph.                  Messing,  John.                Simon,  Josephine. 

Duenglemann,  Berish.  Jordan,  Frank.                  Meyer,  Conrad.                Stehle,  Mrs. 

Dux,  August.                  Jordan,  Frank,  Jr.          Meyer,  George.               Stelz,  John. 

Englert,  August.              Jordan,  Joseph.                Mink,  Joseph.                  Trageser,  Michael. 

Ewald,  Andrew.              Jordan,  Philip.                 Muehlberaer,  Adam,      Waas,  George. 
Falk,  Jacob.                      "Kappler,  Christian.         Nicholas,  John.                ^\'eber,  Balthazar. 

Fleckenstein,  George.     Kemner,  Joseph.             Noll,  Peter.                      Zucker,  IVLargarct. 

CIILTvCH  OF  THE  ASSUMI'TION.  193 


REV.  BERNARD  ANTHONY  SCHWENNIGER, 

PASTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH  OP  THE  ASSUMPTION'. 


THE  Rev.  Bernard  A.  Scliwenniger  was  born  at 
Selm,  in  Prussia,  on  the  23d  of  Sej^tember,  1832, 
an<l  after  a  thorough  com-se  of  study,  both  hterary  and 
ecclesiastical,  was  ordained  priest  June  9,  1857.  He  came 
to  the  United  States  in  January,  1866,  and  having  been 
received  by  the  ]\Iost  Reverend  Archbishop  Purcell  in 
the  Diocese  of  Cincinnati,  was  appointed  assistant  to 
the  Very  Rev.  Josepli  Ferneding  at  the  Church  of  St. 
Paul,  in  Cincinnati,  and  in  1870  was  appointed  to  the 
new  Church  of  St.  Louis,  on  Eighth  and  Walnut  Streets 
in  that  city.  Here  he  remained  as  j^astor  till  1875,  Avhen 
he  removed  to  the  Diocese  of  New  York,  and  was  placed 
in  the  following  year,  by  his  Eminence  Cardinal  Mc- 
Closkey,  in    charge    of    the    Chiu'ch   of    the    Assumption. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Schwenniger  has  aroused  an  earnest 
interest  among  his  congregation,  and  placed  the  affairs  of 
the  parish  on  a  most  creditable  footing.  The  schools 
tlu-ive  under  his  fostering  care,  and  the  congregation  seem 
to  act  in  the  utmost  harmony  with  their  pastor. 
13 


CHURCH   OF    SAINT   AUGUSTINE. 

ONE    IIUNDEED    AND    SEVENTIETH  STREET,  MOERISANIA. 


CHURCH    OF   SAINT  AUGUSTIiNE. 

ONE  HUNDRED  AND  SEVENTIETH  STREET,  NEAR  FRANKLIN  AVENUE, 

MOKEISANIA. 


A 


FEW  years  since  a  portion  of  Westchester  County 
was  detached  from  it  and  united  to  the  City 
of  New  York.  This  causes  us  to  include  among  the  city 
churches  some  which  were  formerly  regarded  as  country 
parishes.  Among  these  is  the  parish  of  St.  Augustine, 
Morrisania. 

The  Catholics  in  that  part  of  Westchester  County 
were  attended  from  St.  Paul's  Church  at  Harlem,  but  in 
1855  the  Rev.  Stephen  Ward  was  sent  to  establish  a 
mission  and  erect  a  church,  to  afford  the  faithful  greater 
advantages  for  the  practice  of  their  religious  duties  and 
the  education  of  their  childi'en.  There  were  man}'  diffi- 
culties, but  in  1858  he  secm-ed  ground  for  a  site,  and 
prepared  to  erect  a  chmxh  after  the  designs  of  Mr.  H. 
Engelbert,  a  skillful  architect.  It  was  to  be  of  brick, 
with  brown  stone  facings,  and  to  be  fifty-one  feet  by  one 
hundred   feet   in   length. 

The  l\Iost  Reverend  Archbishop  Hughes  laid  the 
cornei'-stone  on  Sunday,  the  12th  of  September,  1858, 
assisted    by    the    Very    Rev,    William     Starrs,    V.G.,    Rev. 


196 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


Messrs.  Brophy,  Neligan,  Brennan,  Morrogli,  and  Fathers 
Schneider  and  Daubresse  of  the  Society  of  Jesus;  Rev.  Mr. 
McNeirny  acted  as  master  of  ceremonies.  After  the  con- 
clusion of  the  231'escribed  ritual,  the  Archbishop  addressed 
the  large  audience  joyfully  gathered  to  witness  the  auspi- 
cious commencement.  His  text  was  from  the  first  Epistle 
of  St.  Paul  to  Timothy,  iv.  1:  "Now  the  Spirit  manifestly 
saith  that  in  the  last  times  some  shall  depart  from  the 
faith,  gi^'ing  heed  to  spirits  of  error  and  doctrines  of 
devils."  He  said  that  they  had  all  come  there  to  witness 
a  ceremony  —  a  religious  ceremony  —  which  would  a])pear 
to  many  a  new  one.  "  It  will  be  reported  in  the  papers 
merely  as  a  material  ceremony,  and  the  Avorld  cannot 
comprehend  the  use  of  svich  a  one ;  biit  we  have  the  text 
of  Scripture  for  it  —  the  authority  of  the  Holy  Catholic 
Church.  We  all  know  that  the  first  man  and  woman 
transgressed,  and  that  the  material  world  was  cursed  in 
consequence ;  that  the  Son  of  God  was  sent  to  redeem 
the  world,  and  that  the  Church  has  power  to  redeem 
some  portion  of  this  earth  from  this  curse.  The  Church 
with  her  prayers  has  a])pointed  this  portion  of  ground 
to  the  worship  of  God.  The  sanctity  of  the  prayers  has 
taken    the    original    malediction   from    this    g-round." 

Before  he  closed  the  Archbishop  said  that  he  wished 
to  revive  an  old  custom.  He  did  not  wish  any  collec- 
tion made  among  the  j^eople  present,  but  ^^'ished  to  see 
them    come    up    in    order    and    lay    their    off"erings    on    the 


CHUECH  OF  ST.  AUGUSTINE.  I97 

corner-stone  itself.  He  valued  the  custom  much.  The 
faithful,  with  the  vitmost  order,  responded,  and  as  each 
passed  the  stone,  he  made  it  in  some  sense  his  o^^^l  by 
his    contribution. 

The  church  of  Morrisania  was  thus  begun  under  the 
invocation  of  the  great  St.  Augustine,  Bishop  of  Hippo, 
the  Doctor  of  the  Church  Avhose  burning  love  for  God 
is  always  symbolized  in  art  by  a  flaming  heart.  The 
oldest  city  in  the  United  States  has,  for  more  than 
three  centm-ies,  borne  the  name  of  this  great  Father. 
Philadelphia  had  long  possessed  a  church  dedicated  to 
his  honor — a  martyr  church,  burned  for  the  faith  preached 
within  it.  It  was  fitting  that  New  York  too  should 
honor   him. 

St.  Augustine,  Aurelius  Augustinus,  the  son  of  Patrick 
and  Monica,  was  born  at  Tagaste  in  354.  He  was  care- 
fully educated,  but  lost  his  innocence,  and  was  seduced 
by  the  Manichean  heretics.  In  vain  his  pious  mother 
used  tears  and  prayers.  Her  son  seemed  obdurate ;  Heaven 
.seemed  to  deprive  him  of  the  graces  he  had  forfeited. 
While  a  brilliant  professor  of  rhetoric,  the  moment  of 
mercy  came.  He  was  moved  l)y  the  preaching  of  St. 
Ambrose,  was  sincerely  converted ;  and,  having  received 
baptism  in  387,  he  devoted  himself  to  austerity  and 
prayer.  Having  gone  to  Hippo,  the  Bishop  Valerius 
ordamed  him  priest.  He  so  distinguished  himself  in  con- 
founding  the   heretics    that   a   council    made    him    coadjutor 


198  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

to  Valerius,  and  lie  died  Bishop  of  Hippo,  in  430.  His 
"City  of  God,"  "Confessions,"  his  "Commentaries,"  and 
other  works,  have  been  prized  in  every  age  of  the 
Church. 

Under  such  powerful  patronage,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Ward 
went  bravely  on,  and  in  1860  completed  his  church.  It 
is  in  the  Lombardo-Italian  style,  with  tlu-ee  entrances, 
and  a  spire  125  feet  high.  The  aisles  are  twenty  feet 
high,  and  the  nave,  separated  from  the  aisles  by  octagon 
colimans,  has  a  false  clerestory  thirty  feet  high.  The 
chancel  is  carried  up  the  full  height  of  the  chm'ch,  with 
octagonal  ends,  forming  an  apsis,  the  rich  chancel  arch 
being  supported  by  large  columns.  There  are  two  sacris- 
ties and  an  organ  gallery  across  the  west  end.  All  the 
windows  are  of  stained  glass,  presented  by  members  of 
the  congregation.  In  the  windows  over  the  altar  you 
behold  Our  Lord  and  His  Blessed  Mother,  while  those 
on  either  side  show  the  figures  of  St.  Peter  and  the 
holy  patron  of  the  church,  St.  Augustine.  The  Church 
is  large  enough  to  seat  a  thousand  persons,  and  cost 
fifteen    thousand    dollars. 

Archbishop  Hughes  took  great  interest  in  St.  Au- 
gustine's, but  was  prevented  b}"  illness  from  dedicating 
it  to  the  service  of  God.  That  solemn  ceremony  was 
accordingly  performed  on  the  30th  of  September,  1860, 
by  the  Rev.  Francis  McNeirny,  now  Bishop  of  Albany. 
When,  by  the   rites    of  the    Church,    the    building  was    thus 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  AUGUSTINE.  I99 

set  apai't  for  the  worship  of  Grod,  the  altar  was  properly 
adorned  and  prepared  for  the  offering  of  the  Holy  Sacri- 
fice. High  Mass  was  celebrated  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  McNeir- 
ny,  and  an  eloquent  sermon  preached  by  the  Rev.  Thomas 
Mooney,  pastor  of  St.  Bridget's,  whose  choir  volunteered 
their    services    on   the   interesting  occasion. 

At  the  solemn  vespers,  the  Archbishop  was  able  to 
administer  confirmation,  which  Avas  thus  conferred  to  a 
hunch'ed  and  thirty  children  of  the  parish,  the  very  day 
the    clnu'ch    was   dedicated. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Ward  continued  his  labors  among  the 
flock  whom  he  had  gathered  around  the  altar  of  St. 
Augustine,  till  his  death,  June  22,  1863,  at  the  age  of 
sixty-three.  Pie  was  succeeded  by  a  younger  priest,  the 
Rev.  J.  P.  Woods,  born  and  educated  in  New  York,  full 
of  zeal,  never  sparing  himself  in  labors  for  the  good 
of  his  people.  After  being  a  faithful  priest  and  father 
to  his  flock,  he  died  prematvu'ely,  on  the  20th  of  January, 
1875,  broken  down    by  his    constant  and   holy   toil. 

Seldom  has  a  priest  in  so  brief  a  career  won  not 
only  the  attachment  of  his  flock  but  the  respect  of  his 
fellow  clergymen,  by  his  constant  devotion  to  his  duties, 
his  love  for  the  beauty  of  the  house  of  God,  his  care 
for  the  fitness  of  the  music,  where  his  admirable  taste 
guided  him,  his  patience  with  the  erring,  his  compassion 
for   the    weak,    his   love   for   the    poor. 

Thouffh     the    Funeral     Mass    was    celebrated    at    the 


200 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


Church  of  St.  Vincent  Ferrer,  that  house  of  God  was 
crowded  by  the  congregation  of  St.  Augustine,  who  came 
from  MoiTisania  to  pay  a  last  tribute  to  the  good  priest 
whose  ministry  they  had  enjoyed ;  and  the  Altar  Society 
placed  at  the  head  of  the  coffin  a  beautiful  floral  ofi"ering 
Avith    the  inscription,   "  To  our  beloved  Pastor." 

The  affection  of  the  flock  was  not  a  blind  rever- 
ence; the  attendance  at  his  obsequies  of  no  less  than 
ninety  priests,  and  the  eulogy  pronounced  by  the  Rev. 
Dr.  McGlynn,  showed  that  the  clergy  at  large  honored 
him    as    one    of    their   most    exemplary    members. 

Under  the  present  pastor,  the  Rev.  John  McNamee, 
St.  Augustine's  has  advanced  rapidly,  and  holds  a  credit- 
able  place    among   the    chm'ches. 


/-y///"  -  ' 


J4>o^  k^'ia^^u^ 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  AUGUSTINE.  201 


REV.    JOHN    J.    McNAMEK, 

PASTOK  OP  THE  CHURCH  OF  ST.  AUGUSTINE. 


THE  life  (-)f  a  ])riest  on  a  laborious  city  mission 
is  .seldom  marked  l)y  great  deeds.  Ilis  triumphs 
are  often  enemies  not  seen ;  liis  victories,  in  wresting 
sovds  from  the  spirits  of  evil,  and  the  men  who  wit- 
tingly or  imwittingly  lend  themselves  to  aid  their  work 
in  defeating  all  that  our  Redeemer  has  done  for  the 
salvation    of  mankind. 

The  priest  who  confronts  pestilence  or  contagion  — 
who  sacrifices  rest,  health,  life,  to  fly  to  the  bedside  of 
the  Catholic,  who  perhaps,  long  estranged  from  God,  calls 
on  him  for  the  sacraments  he  has  neglected  in  health — 
finds    and    seeks    no    one    to    herald    his   labor. 

His  consolation  and  his  triumphs  are  generally  bmned 
in   the    secret   of  his    own   heart. 

In  the  sketches  here  given  we  can  profess  to  enter 
into  no  detail  of  this  heroic  career  of  the  priest,  but 
simply  gi\e  the  few  facts  of  external  life  that  meet  the 
general   eye. 

The  present  jiastor  of  St.  Augustine's  Church  was 
bom  in  the  Count}-  Longford,  Ireland,  on  the  12th  of 
September,    1847.       From    his    boyhood,    his    early    inclina- 


202 


CATHOLIC  CHUKCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


tion  was  evinced  in  unmistakable  signs  to  be  not  for 
this  world,  but  for  the  ser\nce  of  God.  This  vocation 
was  not  lost.  He  was  educated  for  the  priesthood  in  St. 
Mell's  Seminary,  Longford,  and  there  made  choice  of 
America  as  the  field  in  which  he  hoped  to  spend  his 
priestly  career.  Having  come  to  tliis  country  in  1864, 
lie  entered  the  College  of  the  Society  of  Jesus,  at 
Worcester,  Massachusetts,  where  he  was  graduated  with 
honors  in  1866.  He  immediately  jwoceeded  to  St.  Joseph's 
Seminary,  in  Tro}',  -where,  imder  the  guidance  of  the 
excellent  professors  of  that  provincial  school  of  the  clergy, 
he  completed  his  course  of  theology  and  other  ecclesias- 
tical studies.  On  the  22d  of  May,  1869,  he  was  pro- 
moted to  the  jiriesthood,  receiving  ordination  from  his 
Eminence  Cardinal  McCloskey,  at  that  time  Bishop  of 
Albany. 

The  first  field  assigned  to  the  young  priest  was  the 
position  of  assistant  at  St.  Mary's  Chm-ch,  Clifton,  Staten 
Island,  where  he  remained  till  November,  1871.  He  was 
then  called  to  St.  Patrick's  Cathedi-al,  where  he  discharged 
the  laborious  duties  of  assistant  till  the  15th  of  Feb- 
ruary,   1875. 

The  experience  acquired  under  a  venerable  priest  in 
a  countiy  parish  was  thus  increased  by  experience  as 
assistant  at  the  Cathedral.  On  the  death  of  the  Rev. 
Mr.  Woods,  the  Rev.  Mr.  McNamee  was  chosen  pastor 
of    the    Church   of  St.   Augustine. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  AUGUSTINE.                         203 

KOLL 

OF    H 

ONOR. 

Bevgen,  Margaret. 

Gavin,  Frank. 

Monighan,  William. 

Bradley,  Mrs. 

Geraghty,  Michael. 

Mooney,  Edward. 

Bowes,  J. 

Gilligan,  Henry. 

Morris,  Hugh. 

Boyle.  Neil,  Mrs. 

Gillignn,  Mary. 

Mulliall,  Mrs. 

Bracken,  John  Henry. 

Gilligan,  Patrick. 

Mullaney,  Mary. 

Bra.ly,  E. 

Gleeson,  Michael. 

Mullany,  John. 

Brady,  Thomas. 

Green,  J.  J. 

Murphy,  John. 

Brien,  James. 

Hanlon,  James. 

Murray,  Patrick. 

Brown,  James. 

Hannon.  P.  C. 

Nagle,  William. 

Browne,  Edward. 

Haugh,  George. 

Nailon,  Edward. 

Bryan,  M. 

Hawkins,  Ellen. 

Nolan,  P. 

Biirgen,  Adam. 

Hogan,  J.  C. 

O'Brien,  Edward. 

Burns,  Michael. 

Johnson,  Jane,  Mrs. 

O'Connor,  John. 

Byrnes.  Bernard. 

Johnson,  John. 

O'Connor.  Michael. 

Callighan.  John. 

^xeane,  Mrs. 

O'Dell,  Miss. 

Campbell,  Hugh  J. 

Kearney,  Mrs. 

Oechs,  E. 

Cannon.  John. 

Kehoe,  Edward. 

O'Hara,  Patrick. 

Cantwell,  Michael. 

Keiley,  James. 

O'Leary,  Margaret. 

Carpenter,  Thomas. 

Kelly,  JIary. 

O'Rourke,  Miss. 

Cassidy,  James. 

Kingston,  John. 

O'Toole,  John  P. 

Cassidy,  Michael. 

Kingston,  'SVilliam. 

Pearl,  John. 

Clark,  John  J. 

Kinsella,  John. 

Perry,  J'lavius  J. 

Condon,  John. 

Kirby,  John. 

Peters,  John. 

Conors,  E. 

Kuntz,  W.  J. 

Regan,  Mrs. 

Cooney,  Mary. 

Leahy,  Mrs. 

Reilly,  Mary. 

Corbett,  James,  Mrs. 

Lynch,  J.,  Mrs. 

Rodney,  E.  Miss. 

Cornell,  John. 

Lyons,  .\nn. 

Royce,  Mrs. 

Coyne.  Catharine. 

McAulilTe,  Thomas. 

Seebor,  John. 

Cullen,  Thomas,  Mrs. 

McCabe,  Francis. 

Sheeian,  Edward. 

Cunningham,  Michael. 

McCarthy,  Miss. 

Sheridan,  Bridget. 

Dolan,  Maggie. 

McDonnell,  John. 

Shorn,  John. 

Donnelly,  Patrick. 

McGough,  Henry. 

Slavin,  Patrick,   Mrs. 

Doomen,  Patrick. 

McGuire,  Hugh. 

Smith,  John. 

Borland,  Miss. 

Mcllman,  John. 

Smith,  M  ichael  C. 

Doud,  Thomas. 

McKenna,  C. 

Stone,  William. 

Drummond,  Mrs. 

McKnilT,  James. 

Sullivan,  Patrick. 

Duane,  James. 

McMahon,  Dennis. 

Tiernan,  Eihvard. 

Duggan,  P. 

McM.ihon,  James. 

Tierney,  Miss. 

Dunne,  Eliza,  Mrs. 

McMahon,  John. 

Traynor,  Owen. 

Egan,  Mary. 

McMahon,  William. 

Tuthill,  E. 

English,  Thomas. 

McNamara,  E. 

Tyrell,  John. 

Fagan,  Patrick. 

McNulty,  P. 

Wall,  John. 

Farrell,  James. 

McShane,  Hugh. 

Walsh,  John. 

Ferrigan,  Hugh. 

McWilliams,  Catharine 

Webb,  i'eler. 

Finn,  John. 

Mahoney,  Andrew. 

Whelan,  John. 

Fitzpatrick,  Francis, 

Meeghan,  Joseph. 

White,  Mrs. 

Galvin,  P. 

Melville,  Rose. 

Woods,  John. 

CHUllCH    OF    SAINT   BERNAUD. 

WEST   FOURTEENTH    STREET. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  BERNARD. 

WEST    FOURTEENTH    STREET. 


THE  last  strains  of  the  Salve  Regina  always  call 
to  mind  tlie  great  St.  Bernard,  the  glory  of  the 
Cistercian  Order,  and  call  to  mind  also  one  of  the  grand- 
est cathedrals  of  Em-ope,  that  of  Spii'es ;  for  it  was  there 
that,  as  the  monks  receiving  him  chanted  the  Salve 
Regina,  he  added  the  words,  "  0  clement,  0  pious,  0 
sweet   Virgin    Mary  !  " 

Doctor  by  his  learning,  apostle  by  his  heart-reaching 
sermons,  combining  the  highest  spiritual  gifts  with  great 
activity  and  capacity  for  external  affairs,  St.  Bernard  is 
eminently  a  type  for  our  times,  a  saint  worthy  of  es- 
pecial   patronage. 

The  Fathers  of  the  Church  are  not  unhonored  among 
us.  St.  Augustine,  St.  Jerome,  St.  Alphonsus  are  in- 
voked as  holy  patrons.  St.  Bernard,  too,  was  to  be 
added. 

"In  the  year  18GS,  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop 
McCloskey  deemed  it  necessary  to  lay  off  a  new  paro- 
chial district  on  the  west  side  of  the  city  in  order  to 
relieve  the  other  churches.  To  organize  the  faithful,  and 
in     time     erect    a    suitable    church,     he    selected    the    Rev. 


206  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Gabriel  A.  Healy,  then  assistant  at  St.  Peter's  Church. 
As  a  temporary  chapel  this  clergyman  pui'chased  an  old 
wagon  factory  on  West  Thirteenth  Street,  belonging  to  the 
Knickerbocker  Ice  Company,  a  building  in  a  most  wretched 
condition.  It  could,  however,  it  was  found,  be  restored 
so  as  to  use  for  a  chapel  without  danger.  After  making 
necessary  repaii's,  the  reverend  pastor  was  enabled  to  fit 
up    the    second    story    as    a    chapel. 

It  was  opened  on  "Wliitsunday,  May  31,  1868,  when 
mass  was  for  the  first  time  celebrated.  The  parish  was 
soon  thoroughly  animated  with  a  life  and  spirit  of  its 
own ;  the  permanency  of  the  new  congregation  was  as- 
sured. The  ground  for  a  church  worthy  of  our  faith 
was  selected,  and  the  temporary  chapel  was  accordingly 
dedicated  with  the  solenm  rites  of  the  Chm-ch  on  the 
4th  of  April,  1869,  by  his  Grace  the  Most  Rev.  Dr. 
McCloskey.  After  tliis  consoling  ceremony,  a  High  Mass 
was  celebrated  b}'  the  Very  Rev.  William  Starrs,  Vicar 
General,  with  the  Rev.  William  Quinn  of  St.  Peter's  as 
deacon,  and  the  Rev.  John  Hughes  as  subdeacon.  Rev. 
Francis  McNeirny  being  master  of  ceremonies.  A  sermon 
was  delivered  by  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop,  and 
another   in  the    evening   by    the    Rev.   Dr.    McGlynn. 

If  the  commencement  was  poor  and  liumble,  and 
the  place  once  but  the  loft  of  wheelwrights,  high  digni- 
taries of  the  Church  did  not  disdain  to  encourage  the 
faithful   by  their  presence.      So   zealously   had    the    pastor 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  BERNARD.  207 

set  about  liis  duties  that  before  the  end  of  another 
year,  May  12,  18G9,  the  Ai-clibishop  again  visited  the 
humble  but  fervent  chapel  to  administer  the  sacrament 
of  confirmation  to  two  hundi'ed  children,  who  had  been 
prepared    for   its  reception. 

Rev.  Mr.  Healy  had  meanwhile  purchased,  on  the  first 
of  May,  a  site  for  the  new  church  on  West  Fourteenth 
Street,  between  Eig-hth  and  Ninth  Avenues,  and  estab- 
lished a  Chm-ch  Building  Association  to  aid  in  the  good 
work.  Fairs,  excursions,  and  other  modes  of  interesting 
people  in  the  church,  with  direct  collections,  showed 
so  liberal  a  response  as  to  justify  the  pastor  in  commenc- 
ing St.  Bernard's  on  the  8th  of  May,  1872,  by  excavat- 
ing the  ground  to  lay  the  foundation.  The  corner-stone 
was  laid  on  the  11th  of  May,  1873,  by  the  Most  Rever- 
end Archbishop,  assisted  by  the  Rt.  Rev.  David  W. 
Bacon,  Bishop  of  Portland,  and  the  Rt.  Rev.  Francis 
McNeirny,  Bishop  of  Albany.  Various  societies  connected 
with  the  chm'ch  attended,  and  the  faithful  gathered  in 
vast  crowds,  regardless  of  the  threatening  weather,  so  that 
it  was  estimated  that  nearly  ten  thoiisand  persons  were 
present.  They  were  eloquently  addressed  on  the  occasion 
by  the  Rev.  M.  J.  O'Farrell,  of  St.  Peter's  Church,  New 
York. 

Encouraged  by  the  Archbishop,  priest  and  people 
went  zealously  on,  though  the  general  financial  distress 
of  the    country,    throwing    thousands    out    of    employment, 


208       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OP  NEW  YORK. 

made  many  unable  to  aid  as  generously  as  they  desired. 
The  church  was,  however,  at  last  completed,  and  on  the 
30th  of  May,  1875,  solemnly  dedicated  to  St.  Ber- 
nard of  Clairvaux,  Abbot  and  Doctor  of  the  Church,  by 
his  Eminence  Cardinal  McClo'skey.  It  is  the  pride  of 
the  pastor  and  his  flock  that  their  church  is  the  first 
dedicated  by  an  American  Cardinal.  The  sermon  at  the 
High  Mass  was  delivered  by  the  Rt.  Rev.  B.  J.  Mc- 
Quaid,  Bishop  of  Rochester.  A  rich  scarlet  velvet  throne 
was  erected  for  the  first  American  Cardinal,  and  the  altar 
was  di-aped  with  the  same  color.  The  altar  was  extremely 
rich  and  tastefully  adorned,  as  were  the  two  side  altars 
of  the  Blessed  Virgin  and  St.  Joseph,  while  the  elegant 
stained  glass  windows  poured  in  rays  of  tinted  light,  which 
made  the  procession  as  it  filed  into  the  sanctuary  re- 
sjilendent;  and  showed  the  ancient  faith  in  all  the  grandeur 
of    its    ritual. 

The  Archbishop  congratulated  the  faithfvil  on  the  suc- 
cess of  all  their  labors  and  sacrifices.  "  Much  of  the 
success  of  this  grand  undertaking,"  said  he,  "is  due  to 
the  zeal,  i^iety,  and  energy  of  your  beloved  pastor,  who 
has  toiled  night  and  day  to  complete  the  work.  To- 
day he  sees  in  some  sense  his  reward.  You  have  all 
labored  with  him,  and  whatever  you  have  given,  you 
have  given  with  whole  hearts,  and  you  will  find  your 
reward  hereafter.  But  in  finishing  this  temple  to  Al- 
mighty    God,    all     is     not     accomplished,    great     as     yoirr 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  BERNARD.  209 

sacrifices  have  been.  There  is  much  yet  to  be  done. 
You  have  built  a  temple  for  the  present,  as  it  exists  ;  but 
during-  the  next  ten  years,  crowded  as  it  is  to-day,  there 
%yill  be  still  larger  crowds  within  its  walls.  I  wish  you 
all  the  blessing-  of  the  Almighty  God  present  in  this 
church  to-day,  and  ask  }'ou  to  remember  that  hereafter, 
in  another  temple  not  built  by  human  hands,  we  may, 
if  our  lives  are  pure  and  our  paths  in  the  way  of  God, 
meet    together    in    that   temple    which   is    above." 

The  piety  of  the  congregation  has  been  sustained  by 
every  available  means.  Missions,  most  consoling  in  their 
beneficial  influence,  were  given  by  the  Redemptorist 
Father  in  the  temporary  church  in  1872,  and  by  the 
Jesuit  Father  Damen  and  his  associates  in  the  new  and 
elegant    edifice    in    1875. 

Eight  hundred  and  five  persons  were  confirmed  in 
the  humble  temple  first  occupied,  and  five  hundred  and 
thirty-two    in    the    autumn    of   1875    in    the    new    church. 

The  chm-cli  edifice  itself  is  a  conspicuous  monument 
of  the  piety  and  zeal  of  priest  and  people.  Of  a  true 
ecclesiastical  style,  grand  and  imposing,  it  attracts  the 
eye  of  thousands  passing  up  and  down  the  adjacent 
avenue,  and  none  has  any  occasion  to  inquire  what  the 
building  is,  for  it  speaks  for  itself,  that  it  is  a  Catholic 
church. 

We    mio'ht    call   it    the  Church  of  the   "  Memorare,"  so 

much   has   that    prayer,   di'awn  from   tlie   ^vorks   of   St.    Ber- 
14 


210       CATHOLIC  CHUKCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

nard,  by  "The  Poor  Priest,"  Father  Bernard,  done  to 
stimulate  piety  to  the  Blessed  Virgin  and  keep  alive  the 
memory    of  the   holy    doctor. 

St.  Bernard  was  always  one  to  influence  others. 
When  he  renounced  the  world  and  resolved  to  enter  a 
monastery,  he  did  not  go  alone.  Full  of  zeal  for  others, 
he  induced  no  less  than  tliirty  of  his  young-  companions 
to  join  him,  and  the  influence  of  his  eloquence  showed 
itself  in  the  realit}'  of  their  vocations.  They  saved 
Citeaux,  which  was  almost  abandoned,  antl  infused  such 
a  new  life  that  in  1115  Claii-vaux  ^^■as  fovuided  and  Ber- 
nard made  abbot.  His  monastery  became  a  hi\'e  for 
bishops  and  abbots ;  he  even  saw  one  of  his  monks 
raised  to  the  Hoi}-  See.  He  was  the  light  of  several 
councils,  caused  Europe  to  recognize  Pope  Innocent  II. 
and  reject  the  Antipope  Anacletus ;  and  saved  Europe 
from  Saracen  invasion  by  his  exertions  to  rouse  the 
princes  and  warriors  of  the  West  to  undertake  a  crusade. 
Amid  all  his  active  life  he  seemed  to  be  ever  in  prayer 
or  at  studv.  His  works  breathe  the  most  tender  piety, 
with  the  learning  of  the  theologian  and  the  brilliancy  of 
the    poet. 

The  Order  which  he  raised,  as  it  were  from  the 
grave,  spread  in  his  day  to  England  and  Ireland.  He 
was  thus  brought  in  contact  with  our  fathers  in  the 
faith.  St.  Malachy  died  in  his  arms,  and  found  a  biog- 
rapher in  tliis  holy   doctor  of  the  Chui-ch.     Thus  endeared 


CliURCH  OF  ST.  BERNARD.  211 

to  ireliiiid,  the  Cistercians  acc(>iu})lislR-(l  \vi>iRk'rs  in  ruut- 
ing  the  truths  of  rehgion  so  deep  in  tlie  liearts  of  those 
they  taught  that  no  persecutions  could  tear  them  from 
the    faith    of    St.    Patrick. 

As  if  to  carry  out  the  devotion  of  the  ]u>\y  patrt)U 
to  Our  Lady,  all  the  important  events  in  the  history  of 
the .  parish  are  recorded  in  the  month  of  May.  The 
site  of  the  church  was  bought  in  May,  1867  ;  the  first 
work  begun  in  May,  1872;  the  corner-stone  laid  in  May, 
1873,    and    the    dedication    in    May,    1875. 

The  church  with  its  g-rounds  cost  over  two  hundi-ed 
thousand  dollars  —  the  church  proper  Sl85, 320.50  —  and 
nearly    half    this    amount   has    been    already   paid. 

As  assistants  in  the  good  work  of  the  pastor  we 
find  the  names  of  Rev.  Messrs.  James  Galligan,  Michael 
Brennan,  Bartholomew  Galligan,  Patrick  J.  Ilealy,  Patrick 
S.  Rigney,  and  William  J.  O'Kelly.  His  associates  at 
present  are  the  Rev.  William  J.  Foy  and  the  Rev.  John 
J.    Riordan. 

The  Society  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paid  has  been  organ- 
ized for  the  relief  of  the  poor;  a  Temperance  Society 
to  give  strength  and  encouragement  to  the  weak,  and 
preserve  sobriety ;  the  Rosary  Society  does  its  holy  work ; 
the  Childi'en  of  Mary,  with  kindred  societies,  nourish 
the  piety  of  the  young  ladies,  while  the  young  gentle- 
men find  in  St.  Bernard's  Literary  Union,  and  Literary 
Association,     a     centre     for     social     intercom-se     and     the 


212  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

strengtliening  of  sound  principles  and  literary  culture. 
The  societies  belonging  to  the  chui'ch  number  in  all 
thirteen. 

These  church  associations  are  a  peculiar  want  of  om- 
time.  The  sodalities  and  confraternities  instituted  in  the 
Church  for  union  and  prayer,  and  enriched  with  indul- 
gences and  fxvors  by  the  Sovereign  Pontiffs,  attract  the 
pious,    but    fe^\    men    can    be    drawn    into    them. 

While  Masonic  Lodges,  Odd  Fellows,  and  secret 
societies  of  every  name  and  form  permeate  the  whole 
fabric  of  society,  and  are  constantly  alluring  Catholic 
men  and  youth  to  enter  them — cutting  themselves  off, 
though  they  do,  from  the  Chm-ch  and  its  means  of  grace, 
by  passing  their  portals  —  it  is  evident  that  the  fostering 
of  associations  in  which  Catholics  can  and  will  come 
together  for  benevolent,  literary  or  other  j^m-poses,  is  one 
of  the  great   needs    of  our    time. 

In  such  associations  each  becomes  an  element  of 
sti'ength  to  his  brother,  and  the  whole  a  tower  of 
strength.  The  Catholic  is  no  longer  isolated.  He  feels 
that  he  will  be  sujjported  in  fidelity  to  his  religion ;  he 
becomes  a  hundred-fold  more  deeply  interested  in  his 
church  and  its  interests,  in  all  works  of  charity,  in  the 
relief  of  the  poor;  and,  above  all,  he  liegins  to  feel  how 
much  depends  on  a  sound  Catholic  education,  and  what 
it  behooves  every  man  to  do  for  the  maintenance  and 
perfection    of    oui-    system    of   parochial   schools. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  BERNARD.  213 


REV.    GABRIEL     A.    HEALY, 

PASTOR    OF    ST.    BERNARD'S. 


THE  Rev.  Gabriel  A.  Healy  is  a  native  of  New 
York  City,  born  October  20th,  1841,  and  baptized 
in  its  oldest  parish  —  St.  Peter's.  He  was  of  a  studious 
tiu'n,  and  after  some  early  training  at  the  school  of  the 
Cliristian  Brothers,  in  Canal  Street,  entered  the  College 
of  St.  Francis  Xavier,  in  Fifteenth  Street,  in  1853,  and 
went  through  the  course  with  credit.  He  was  graduated 
in  1860,  and  having  determined  to  embrace  the  ecclesias- 
tical state,  was  sent  by  the  Archbishop  to  pursue  his 
coui'se  of  theology  in  the  great  seminary  of  St.  Sulpice, 
Montreal. 

Havino-  here  stored  his  mind  with  the  dogmatic  lore 
and  the  moral  theology,  as  well  as  the  Scriptural  know- 
ledge and  the  principles  of  the  canon  law,  he  returned 
to  his  own  diocese,  and  in  September,  1864,  Avas  ordained 
subdeacon,  deacon,  and  priest,  by  the  Right  Rev.  James 
Roosevelt    Bayley,  D.D.,  then    Bishop    of  Newark. 

The  first  position  assigned  to  the  young  priest  was 
that  of  assistant  in  his  native  parish,  of  which  the  Rev. 
William  Quinn  was  then  rector.  Here  he  remained  about 
tlu'ee  years  and  a  half,  establishing  a  reputation  as  a  priest 


214  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

whose  future  promised  great  usefulness  to  souls  in  the 
Church    of   God. 

His  zeal  and  piety,  with  a  readiness  for  business 
management  so  necessary  and  requisite  in  a  j'rifst  who 
has  to  organize  a  new  flock  and  erect  a  church,  when 
all  the  resources  have  to  be  drawn  from  voluntary  con- 
tributions, were  all  displayed  so  clearly  in  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Healy  that  all  saw  he  must  soon  be  called  to  a  sjihere 
where    these    qualities    would   find    employment. 

Wliat  he  has  accomplished  in  the  establishment  of 
St.  Bernard's  parish  and  the  erection  of  the  noble  church 
has  already  been  told ;  and  this  constitutes  his  biography. 
He  has  the  talent  of  interesting  all  his  people  in  his 
projects,  so  that  they  take  them  up  as  really  some- 
thing for  their  own  good  and  the  good  of  their  chikben 
after  them — not  anything  for  his  benefit  or  even  the  grati- 
fication of  a  personal  vanity  to  be  flattered  by  their  accom- 
plishment. 

Feeling  proud  of  their  church,  and  anxious  to  see  it 
completed  and  freed  from  debt,  the  parishioners  of  both 
sexes  have  been  prompt  to  act  on  the  least  suggestion, 
and  as  societies  have  been  formed  among  them  to  suit 
the  tastes  of  all,  the  pastor  in  guiding  them  is  brought 
in  contact  with  all  his  people,  who  are  not  left  in  mere 
apathy  to  see  him  struggle,  Ijut  all  become  workers  in 
the   good   cause. 


CIIURCU  OF  ST.  BERNARD. 


21^ 


R 


OLL    OF 


H 


ONOR. 


Arneel,  Robert. 
Ashe,  Gregory. 
Baklvvin,  Patrick  J. 
Begg,  Kate  M.,  Mrs. 
Bell,  James. 
Bennett,  John. 
Bodine,  Kdmond. 
Boylan,  Michael. 
Burns,  William. 
Butler,  William. 
Byrne,  Martin  W. 
Cagney,  fames. 
Carroll,  Roger. 
Carroll,  Thomas. 
Clarke,  Thomas. 
Cleary,  John. 
Conway,  John  M. 
Coogan,  Patrick. 
Curbett,  Bernard. 
Corrigan,  John  P. 
Craven,  Patrick. 
Crosson,  Thomas. 
Crumley,  James. 
Cussen,  John. 
Deane,  George  B. 
Delany,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Devanney,  James  P. 
Devine,  James. 
Devine,  Michael. 
Downey,  Bridget  M. 
Dowiring,  Delia,  Mrs. 
Driscall,  Timothy. 
Dugan,  Michael, 
Dunn,  Ann,  Mrs. 
Dwyer,  Timothy. 
Early,  Edward. 
Fealy,  James. 
Feeney,  Peter. 
Fitzgerald,  Honora,  Mrs. 
Filzsinimons,  Thomas, 
Flynn,   Michaeh 
Flynn,  P.  H. 
Fogarty,  Michael. 


Fogarty,  Patrick  A. 
Fowley,  Delia. 
Francy,  'I'homas. 
Frazer,  John  P. 
Gallagher,  Michael. 
Garvey,  Bernard. 
Geary,  Patrick  W. 
Godby,  George  W. 
Goley,  Mary.. 
Grifiin,  Jeremiah. 
Hagen,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Ilalpin,  Matthew. 
Halpin,  William. 
Halsted,  Justin  J. 
Hamill,  Anthony. 
Hanlon,  Richard. 
Hart,  Patrick  J. 
Healey,  John  J. 
Healey,  Thomas  F. 
Hernon,  James. 
Herrick,  C.  Mrs. 
Herrick,  William  J. 
Higgins,  Daniel. 
Higgins,  John. 
Hoaghland,  I.  C. 
Holtan,  Kdw.ard. 
Hui^hes,  Catharine,  Mrs, 
Kenelian,  Richard  F. 
Kennedy,  John. 
Larkin,  Felix. 
Leonard,  William. 
Linherr,  John  A. 
Logue,  Philip. 
Lynch,  Mary  Teresa,  Mrs. 
McDermott,  John. 
McDcrmott,  Lawrence. 
McDermott,  William. 
McDcmald,  John. 
McDonald,  Joseph. 
McGee,  Michael. 
McGovern,  Hugh. 
McGrory,  Honora. 
McGuire,   Michael. 
Mcllhargy,  John. 


Mclntyre,  Margaret,  Mrs. 
McLoughlin,  Kclward, 
Mc.Manus,  Ann,  Mrs. 
Meehan,  Terence. 
Minerd,  Edward, 
Molloughney,  Michael,  Jr. 
Mooney,  Christopher. 
Mulry,  Thomas. 
Mulry,  William  P. 
Murphy,  Michael  J. 
Murphy,  Thomas. 
Murphy,  William. 
Murray,  William. 
Murtlia,  Thomas. 
O'Connell,  John. 
O'Donoghue,  Dennis. 
O'Neil,  Charles  J. 
O'Rourke,  Owen, 
O'Shaughnessy,  Michael. 
Penny,  James. 
Purtill,  William. 
Quinlon,  Catharine. 
Rafferty,  John. 
Reilly,  P.atrick. 
Reynolds,  Lawrence. 
Roach,  John. 
Rogan,  John. 
Rooney,  James. 
Rourke,  John. 
Rowan,  James. 
Ryan,  Cornelius  L. 
Ryan,  Edward. 
Ryan,  George. 
Ryan,  Patrick. 
Scanlan,  Michael  J. 
Scanlon,  Michael. 
Sheridan,  Bridget,  Mrs. 
SkiiTrnglon,  Margaret. 
Smith,  Alfred. 
Walsh,   Jolm. 
Walsh,  Mathew  J. 
Wilson,  .\ndrew. 
Woods,  John. 


O 


>< 

« 

O 

P 


o     I 

p    < 

w 

an 


CHURCH   OF  SAINT  BONIFACE. 

SECOND  AVENUE  AND  FOKTY-SEVENTH   STREET. 


IT  was  fitting'  that  the  great  City  of  New  York,  with 
its  vast  German  population,  should  have  a  church 
dedicated  to  the  illustrious  St.  Winfrid,  who  renounced 
his  abbey  in  Saxon  England  to  become  the  apostle  of  Ger- 
many. Born  in  Devonshire  about  the  year  680 ;  trained 
to  virtue  and  the  perfection  of  the  monastic  state,  he 
became  a  preacher  of  wonderful  power  over  the  souls  of 
men  in  his  own  land ;  and  then,  burning  with  zeal  to 
bear  the  light  of  the  gospel  to  the  heathen  tribes  of  the 
Low  Countries  and  Germany,  he  endeavored  to  convert 
the  King  of  Friesland.  He  was  soon  after  made  abbot, 
but  renounced  the  dignity  to  gi^-e  himself  entirely  to  the 
conversion    of  the    heathen. 

Encouraged  by  the  blessing  of  Pope  Gregory  II., 
St.  Winfrid,  or  Boniface,  as  he  now  began  to  be  called, 
baptized  thousands  in  Bavaria,  Tliuringia,  Friesland, 
Hesse,  and  Saxonv,  and  was  made  by  the  Pope,  Bishop 
and  subsequently  Archbishop  of  Germany,  and  legate  of 
the  Holy  See.  He  is  thus  the  great  central  figure  of 
the  German  hierarchy.  His  see  was  fixed  at  Jlentz, 
which    is    the    metropolitan     church     for    Germany.        After 


218  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

convening  several  councils,  in  which  every  precaution  was 
taken  to  guard  the  faith,  St.  Boniface  renewed  his 
apostolic  missions,  and  was  put  to  death  by  the  heathens 
June  5,   755,  obtaining  the  crown  of  mart}T  and  apostle. 

His  body,  enshrined  at  Fidda,  has  been  a  pilgrimage 
for  more  than  a  thousand  years,  and  veneration  to  him 
is   inseparable  from    the   heart  of  a  true    German    Catholic. 

In  the  year  1858,  a  few  who  deserved  that  name, 
and  who  resided  in  the  Nineteenth  Ward  of  New  York 
City,  resolved  to  take  steps  for  the  erection  of  a  new 
church  as  a  safeguard  for  the  faith  of  their  families.  They 
collected  among  the  Catholics  of  that  neighborhood, 
$792.88,  and  borrowing  more,  purchased  tlu-ee  lots  of 
ground  on  the  south-east  corner  of  Second  Avenue  and 
East  Forty-seventh  Street,  as  a  site  for  a  church  to  be 
dedicated  to  the  w^orsliip  of  Almighty  God,  under  the 
invocation  of  the  great  saint  who  closed  his  missionary 
career   by  so   noble  a   martyrdom. 

On  the  ground  thus  acquired  stood  an  humble  frame 
structure  sixty  feet  in  length  by  twenty  in  breadth, 
which  had  been  used  as  a  carpenter's  shop.  It  was 
now  to  be  sanctified  by  its  dedication  to  a  worship  of 
which  its  original  builders  knew  little.  The  fiiith  which 
had  its  cradle  at  Bethlehem  has  in  New  York  City  be- 
gun in  many  parishes  with  homes  as  devoid  of  all 
luxman  pomp  and  show  as  the  grotto  near  the  holy  city 
of    David  —  the     future    shrine    of    religion,    in    bold   and 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  BONIFACE.  219 

grandest     iircliitecturc,     rising-    from     the   world-despised    be- 
jjinnina-    as    did    the    t'aitli    itself. 

Skillful  hands  soon  transformed  the  workshop  of  the 
artisans  dear  to  tlic  heart  tif  St.  Joseph  into  a  tempo- 
rary chapel.  The  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  Ilug-hes  not 
only  encouraged  the  work,  but  came  on  the  17tli  day 
of  October,  1858,  to  dedicate  this  modest  edifice  to  the 
service  of  Almighty  God.  He  Avas  attended  by  his  secre- 
tary, the  Rev.  Francis  McNeirny,  now  Bishop  of  Albany, 
and  performed  the  ceremony  of  dedication.  The  church 
was  simple  and  humble,  but  the  majesty  of  Catholic 
worship  ennoljles  the  spot.  Said  a  missionary  of  two 
centuries  previous,  who  had  reared  in  a  day  a  bark 
chapel  at  Onondaga :  "  It  is  true  that  for  all  marbles 
and  all  precious  metals  we  emploj'ed  only  bark ;  but  as 
soon  as  it  was  built  it  was  sanctified  by  the  baptism  of 
three  children,  to  whom  the  way  to  heaven  was  opened 
as  wide  beneath  these  layers  of  bark,  as  to  those  Avho 
are    held    (ner    fonts    beneath    vaults    of    silver     and     a'old." 

The  chui'ch  was  dedicated  to  the  service  of  Al- 
mighty God  under  the  invocation  of  St.  Boniface ;  and 
the  Rev.  Matthew  NIcot,  whom  the  Most  Reverend 
Archbishop  had  apjiointed  pastor  of  the  new  church,  as- 
cended to  the  altar  which  he  had  reared,  and  Intoned 
the  solemn  sacrifice  of  the  new  law  in  the  presence  of 
the  chief  pastor  of  the  diocese.  The  pulpit  was  occupied 
that    day   by    the    Rev.   Ambrose  Buchmeyer,  pastor  of  the 


220 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


Church  of  St.  Nicholas,  in  Second  Street,  the  pioneer  of 
the   German    churches  in    our    city. 

The  pastor  began  his  mission  labors  with  the  bless- 
ing of  God  and  the  patronage  of  the  great-hearted  English 
saint  of  old ;  and  he  is  laboring  still  among  the  same  flock. 
The  fold  was  soon  too  small.  In  abovit  tliree  years  he 
found  it  necessary  to  enlarge  the  dimensions  of  his  chapel 
by  new  additions.  This  even  did  not  suffice,  and  a  second 
enlargenient   was    required. 

In  the  year  1868,  the  congregation,  who  had  gone 
on  modestly  and  quietly,  resolved  to  replace  the  tenqjo- 
rary  stmcture  by  a  more  substantial  edifice.  The  original 
chapel  was  accordingly  removed,  and  a  neat  and  modest 
brick  church,  suited  to  their  wants  and  means,  was  erected 
in  that  and  the  following  year.  It  did  not  aspire  to 
rival  the  great  cathedrals  of  Europe.  The  country  liad 
just  emerged  from  a  tremendous  civil  war,  and  times  of 
financial  trouble  were  at  hand.  The  church  accommodates 
about  one  thousand,  and  with  its  neat  altar  and  decorous 
service,  attracts  many  hearts  more  than  edifices  A\liich  in 
their  splendor  seem  to  divert    rather    than    inspire   devotion. 

This  new  Church  of  St.  Boniface  was  dedicated  in 
May,   1869,  by  Father    Bonaventura    Frey. 

While  content  with  a  modest  church,  the  congrega- 
tion covdd  afibrd  to  make  sacrifices  for  a  school,  and  in 
the  year  of  tlie  dedication  of  the  new  church,  erected  a 
convenient    school-house. 


^■•~-^'<>J^^5^®^'^>fss^ 


t^^.  ly^^^fi^ 


CHUECII  OF  ST.  BONIFACE.  221 


li  E  V .     j\I  A  T  T  II  E  W     N  IC  0  T  , 

PASTOR  OF  ST.  BONIFACE'S  CHURCH. 


THE  Rev.  Matthew  Nicot,  founder  and  for  the 
last  twenty  years  pastor  of  the  Church  of  St. 
Boniface,  is  a  native  of  the  province  of  Lorraine,  bom  in 
what  was  the  Department  de  hi  Meurthe,  France,  before 
that  unhappy  war  in  which  the  house  of  Bonaparte  lost 
what  the  Bourbons  had  won.  He  was  bom  in  the  year 
1820,  and  was  educated  at  Pont-a-Mousson  and  at  Nancy. 
He  was  ordained  in  1846,  and  having  resolved  to  labor 
for  the  good  of  souls  in  this  country,  where  so  great 
need  existed,  he  came  to  America  in  1857,  and  was  for 
a  time  assistant  to  Rev.  Annet  Lafont,  in  the  Church  of 
St.  Vincent  de  Paul,  and  also  at  St.  Ann's,  before  he 
took  charge  of  the  flock  which  assumed  as  its  holy  patron 
the    great    apostle    of    Germany. 

From  his  installation  there,  he  was  also  for  some 
time  chaplain  of  the  Sisters  of  Our  Lady  of  the  Good 
Shepherd    and    of   the   penitent   ^^■omen   under    their    charge. 

In  1869,  he  erected  a  convenient  school-house  on 
two  lots  of  ground  which  he  had  prudently  purchased 
some  years  before.  Here  tlu^ee  hinidred  and  fifty  pupils 
are   regularly   instructed   in    English    and    German. 


222  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Tha  next  }-ear  the  pastor  purchased  a  modest  pas- 
toral residence,  No.  307  East  Forty-seventh  Street,  oppo- 
site the  chureli,  the  shaded  court  leading  to  the  home 
of   the    priest    of   St.    Boniface. 

The  couirreiration  numbers  about  twelvt-  Juuidred, 
and    the   annual    baptisms    add    eighty    to    the    tlock. 

St.  Boniface  has,  among-  other  aids  to  piety  and 
zeal,  a  tlu-iving-  Altar  Society — in  which  the  ladies  show 
their  love  for  the  beauty  of  God's  house — and  a  Rosary 
Society. 

lie  has  not  generally  had  an  assistant,  discharging 
alone  the  duties  of  his  j^arochial  charge  among  the  coit- 
gregation  to  whom  a  ministry  of  nearly  a  quarter  of  a 
century   has    endeared    him. 

The  life  of  a  priest  in  his  daily  ministration — his 
offering  the  Holy  Sacrifice,  the  recitation  of  his  office, 
his  i)rivate  devotions,  his  supervision  of  his  schools,  visits 
to  the  sick  and  those  Avho  need  his  word  of  encourage- 
ment, baptizing  the  infant,  instructing  and  directing 
those  A\'ho  come  to  learn  the  truth,  long  hours  spent  in 
the  confessional,  the  Sunday  and  holiday  with  their  ex- 
hausting service,  two  masses,  perhaps,  and  vespers — all 
this  has  little  that  strikes  the  unobservant  eye,  Init  where 
zealously    and    faithfulh'    dischai-ged    these    duties    make    a 

career   heroic. 

Roll  of  Honor.— August  Wolf;  Bernard  Wenning;  F.  A. 
Newman;  Charles  Spilea;  William  Michels,  jr.;  Edward  Kennedy;  Mrs. 
Caroline  Feist;   Patrick  Crowe. 


(J  HUH  on   or   satnt   b  hid  get. 

AVENUE   B. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  BRIDGET. 


AVENUE  B. 


A 


BOUT  the  year  1848,  the  Rev.  Richard  Kern,  a 
young-  and  brilhant  priest,  while  pastor  of  the 
Chui'ch  of  the  Nativity,  saw  that  another  church  was 
needed  in  the  eastern  part  of  the  city,  and  resolved  to 
erect  a  temple  to  the  ]\Iost  Hig-h,  which  should  be 
under  the  especial  patronage  of  the  Mary  of  Ireland, 
one  of  the  wonder-working  Triad  whose  names  are  al- 
ways   associated   in   the    reverence  of  Irish   hearts. 

The  Rt.  Rev.  Bishop  Hughes,  ^^diose  secretary  the 
Rev.  Mr.  Kein  had  been  for  a  time,  encouraged  him,  deem- 
ing it  easier  to  find  one  to  replace  him  in  a  settled 
jDarish  than  to  meet  one  so  fitted  for  the  creation  of 
a   new    church. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Kein,  a  native  of  Meath,  educated  at 
Mount  St.  Mary's,  and  with  four  years'  experience  in  the 
ministry,  looked  for  a  church  site  in  a  central  position 
in  the  district  assigned  to  his  care  and  guidance.  He 
found  it  on  Avenue  B,  near  Eighth  Street,  facing  the 
East  River,  and  fronting  immediately  on  Tompkins 
Square,  thus  affording  exceptional  advantages  for  a  church, 
with    nothing   to    darken    It    in   front    or   at  the    side. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  r.UIDCKT.  2'2f) 

The  faithful  of  the  new  parish  of  St.  Bridget  were 
soon  aroused,  and  every  feehng  of  devotion  and  rational 
pride  impelled  them  to  exertions  to  make  the  church  of 
their   holy    patroness    worthy    of  so    great   a    saint. 

The  Right  Reverend  Bishop,  in  order  to  aid  by  Iiis 
presence  and  influence,  laid  the  corner-stone  on  Sunday, 
the  10th  of  September,  1848.  An  inniiense  crowd  gath- 
ered in  the  just  connnenced  church,  filling  platforms  and 
rising  walls  to  witness  the  imposing  ceremonial  and  listen 
to  the  eloquent  words  of  a  bishop  whose  name  and 
fame  had  spread  tlu-ough  tlie  country.  So  great  was 
the  crush  that  one  of  the  newly  laid  walls  sank  under 
the  weight,  causing  some  alarm,  but  fortunately  no  serious 
accident  to  mar  the  spiritual  joy  of  the  congregation, 
whose  noble  church  had  just  received  the  blessing  of 
God   on   its   earliest   work. 

So  rapidly  was  the  church  completed  that  before 
the  close  of  the  year  it  was  ready  for  the  offering  of 
the  Holy  Sacrifice.  It  is  justly  remarked  l)y  the  })reseut 
23astor,  that  the  erection  of  the  church  "  was  regarded  at 
the  time  as  an  immense  undertaking,  and  indeed  even  in  om- 
day  such  a  beautiful  church  would  be  a  great  monument 
of  the  zeal  and  self-sacrifice  of  any  priest."  Of  Father 
Kein  the  late  Archbishop  Hughes  made  the  remark,  "that 
he  ought  to  have  a  statue  of  solid  gold  erected  in  this 
church,  to  commemorate  his  toil  and  extraordinary  en- 
terprise." 

15 


226  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  or  NEW  YORK. 

The  magnitude  of  the  undertakiBg  is  enhanced  when 
we  reflect  that  Ireland  had  just  passed  tln'ough  the  terrible 
famine  of  1847,  and  was  convulsed  by  the  throes  of 
revolution,  and  that  the  calls  on  the  charity  of  the  Irish 
Catholics   in   New  York   were   constant   and  pressing. 

On  the  2d  of  December  the  Bishop  again  honored 
the  church.  It  was  solemnly  dedicated  to  the  worship 
of  God,  and  a  Solemn  High  Mass  offered  with  the  rich 
ceremonial,  the  exquisite  music — all  that  zeal  and  piety 
could   bring    to    add    dignity    to    the    first    service. 

The  church  itself,  in  its  vast  proportions,  in  the 
symmetry  of  its  architecture,  in  the  size  and  adornment 
of  its  altar,  was  a  great  step  in  advance ;  many  of  our 
earlier  churches  having  been  substantial  and  plain,  with 
no  attempt  to  copy  the  elegance  that  the  builders  of  tlie 
Middle    Ages    threw    into    the    churches    of  Europe. 

After  comjjleting  so  noble  a  monument  to  the  virgin 
saint  of  Erin,  the  pastor  devoted  himself  to  the  build- 
ing up  of  a  nobler  temple  in  the  liearts  of  his  faithful. 
It  was  soon  a  well-organized  parish,  instinct  with  true 
Catholic  life,  and  keenly  alive  to  anything  affecting  the 
honor    of    St.    Bridget's. 

Large  as  his  church  seemed  to  be  originally  for  his 
congregation,  it  soon  proved  to  be  none  too  spacious. 
It  was  tlu-onged  with  devout  worshij^ers ;  the  childi-en  in 
the  Sunday-schools,  opened  for  their  instruction,  showed 
by   their   numbers    the    great   want   that   had   existed,    and 


CHURCir  OF  ST.  BRIDGET.  227 

as  early  as  Juiic  2,"),  l<S5o,  wc  tiud  tliu  IM^lit  Kevereiid 
Bishop  confirming  four  liuudred  and  forty  in  this  new 
parish. 

The  j)astoriil  duties  were  too  onerous  for  one  clergy- 
man, and  the  pastor  was  assisted  successively  by  the 
Rev.  Thomas  Farrell  and  the  Rev.  Edward  Murphy. 
For  the  use  of  the  parochial  clergy,  Rev.  Mr.  Keiii,  in 
1851,  erected  a  convenient  pastoral  residence.  In  the 
year  1852  it  was  evident  that  his  health  was  irretrievably 
affected,  and  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  called  to  the 
parish  one  whose  abilities  and  zeal  were  ever  at  his  ser- 
vice where  difficulties  were  to  be  encountered,  the  Do- 
minican Father  Thomas  Martin.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Kein  sank 
gradually,  and   died   at    Westchester,    January   9,    1854. 

Father  Martin  remained  in  the  church  as  pastor, 
merely  till  everything  was  in  proper  order,  when  the 
Ai'chbishop  selected  as  rector  the  Rev.  Thomas  J.  i\Ioo- 
ney,  a  young  priest  ordained  in  January,  1853.  This 
clergyman,  in  a  pastorate  of  nearly  a  quarter  of  a  cen- 
tury, identified  his  name  with  St.  Bridget's  Church.  The 
Rev.    Mr.    O'P^arrell,    at    his    funeral    mass,    said :  — 

"  Father  Mooney  had  labored  in  the  world  by  preach- 
ing the  Word  of  God  to  the  people  of  St.  Bridget's. 
During  all  his  priestly  career  of  twenty-four  years  he 
had  been  connected  with  that  parish,  and  scarcely  ever 
left  it.  He  was  known  by  all  as  a  friend  to  whom 
they   could   always   come   with   confidence.     In   his   private 


228  CATHOLIC  C1IUKCHE8  OF  NEW  ^  ORK. 

conversations,  us  well  as  in  liis  public  preaching-,  lie 
always  endeavored  to  impress  u})on  his  hearers  the  truths 
of"  the  Gospel.  Father  Mooney  had  also  labored  in  tloc- 
trine — that  is,  he  had  always  striven  to  promulgate  the 
Catholic    doctrines,    especially    by    means   tif   education." 

He  felt  the  vast  importance  of  a  truly  Catholic 
training  for  the  young,  and  at  once  after  appointment 
set  about  meeting  the  great  want.  He  established  an 
excellent  parochial  school,  placing  the  boys  under  Broth- 
ers of  the  Christian  Schools,  and  the  girls  under  Sisters 
of  Charity.  With  convenient  school-house,  well-ventilated 
and  Avell-furnished  rooms,  the  parochial  institution  tlu'ove 
so  that  in  a  few  years  it  had  eight  hvmcb'ed  boys  and 
one  thousand  girls  receiving  a  thorough,  and,  what  is  best, 
a  Catholic  education.  Besides  this  school  he  induced  the 
Sisters  to  open  St.  Bridget's  Academy  in  East  Tenth 
Street,  an  excellent  select  school,  which  is  attended  by 
more    than    two   hundi-ed   pupils. 

At  the  commencement  of  the  civil  war,  when  the 
Sixty-ninth  Regiment  New  York  State  National  Guard  vol- 
unteered for  service  and  proceeded  to  the  seat  of  war,  the 
pastor  of  St.  Bridget's  offered  to  act  as  their  chaplain, 
and  his  offer  was  accepted  by  Government.  He  dis- 
charged his  duties  during  their  term  of  service,  and  on 
the  14th  of  August,  1861,  offered  up  a  Solemn  Requiem 
Mass  in  St.  Bridget's  for  the  repose  of  the  souls  of  the 
deceased  members   of    the   regiment.     The  beautiful  church 


CllUliCII  OF  ST.  imiDGET.  22!) 

was  draped  in  mouniiiiji-;  a  catafalque  in  the  middle  aisle 
represented  the  dead  who  were  buried  on  the  field  uliere 
they  had  so  gallantly  fallen — the  first  of  thousands  of 
Catholics  who  poured  out  their  life  lilood  for  the  pre- 
servation   of    the    American   Republic    in    its    integrity. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Mooney  celebrated  the  mass,  assisted 
by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Brennan  as  deacon  and  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Asmuth  as  subdeacon,  and  closed  the  solemn  service  by 
some    touching-    remarks    on    the    deceased. 

Returning  to  the  seat  of  war  as  chaplain  to  the 
Irish  Brigade,  he,  for  a  considerable  period,  exchanged 
the  quiet  routine  of  parish  duty  for  the  dangerous  and 
stirring  life  of  an  army  chaplain,  serving  also  with  the 
Irish  Brigade  in  the  terrible  operations  that  so  often 
devolved    upon    it. 

He  resumed  his  duties  at  St.  Bridget's  with  new  zeal 
and  his  wonted  activity,  and  not  long  after  performed 
the  marriage  service  between  one  of  his  parishioners, 
Lieut.  Fitch,  Engineer  U.S.N. ,  and  the  daughter  of  W. 
T.  Sherman,    General    of    the    United    States    Army 

His  life  of  labor  and  usefulness  was  sadly  closed. 
While  driving  home  through  Fifth  Avenue  on  the  e\('ning 
of  September  11th,  1877,  his  vehicle  was  overturned  near 
the  corner  of  Forty-seventh  Street  by  a  heap  of  stones, 
carelessly  left  there  and  not  lighted.  Thrown  violentl}- 
against  the  curbstone,  his  skidl  was  fractured.  He  was 
taken     to     the     pastoral     residence     of    the     Church     of    St. 


230  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

John  the  Evangelist,  but  tliough  hopes  were  entertained 
of  his  recovery,  he  sank  rapidly,  and  expired  on  the 
13th.  His  loss  filled  liis  parish  with  j^rofound  grief.  At 
the  Reqiiieni  Mass,  the  children  of  the  schools  and  many 
of  the  people  wore  mourning.  After  the  Office  of  the 
Dead,  a  Solemn  High  Mass  was  sung  by  the  Rev.  Mr. 
McGean,  Bishop  Con-igan  of  Newark,  and  Bishop  Mc- 
Neirny  of  Albany,  with  nearly  a  hundi-ed  priests  being 
present.  A  fitting  tribute  to  the  deceased  pastor  was 
paid  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  O'Farrell  of  St.  Peter's  Church, 
Barclay  Street,  taking  as  his  text  the  words  of  St.  Paul 
to  Timothy :  "  Let  the  priests  who  do  well  be  esteemed 
worth}^  of  double  honor,  especially  those  who  labor  in 
the    word    and   in    doctrine." 

On  the  untimely  death  of  this  active  and  energetic 
priest,  his  Eminence  Cardinal  McCloskey  appointed  the 
Rev.  Dr.  P.  F.  McSweeny  to  the  widowed  parish.  Under 
his  care  it  advances  in  the  way  of  prosperity.  The 
schools  maintain  their  high  excellence,  and  though,  owang 
to  the  prevailing  depression  in  business  and  consequent 
distress  among  the  humbler  portion  of  the  community, 
many  are  unable  to  continue  sending  their  childi'en  to 
school,  they  nmnbered  in  1878,  six  hundi-ed  and  fifty 
boys   and   nine   hundi-ed   girls. 

In  a  parish  so  well  conducted  as  St.  Bridget's  we 
naturally  look  for  Catholic  associations.  They  are  a  great 
means    for   bringing    the    members    of  a    congregation    into 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  lililDGET. 


231 


closei'  union,  in  shielding  tlioni  from  the  .ittraction  of 
forbidden  societies,  and  in  fostering  piety,  devotedness, 
and    a    feeling    of   jtride    in    flic    clnirch    and    its    work. 

St.  liridget's  lias  long  had  an  Altar  Society  of  ladies, 
who  love  the  beauty  of  God's  liouse  and  altar,  and  affec- 
tionately contrlliute  to  its  becoming  adornment ;  a  Tiosary 
Society,  in  which  that  ancient  prayer  is  recited  in  com- 
mon. The  St.  Bridget's  Benevolent  Association  and  the 
Conference  of  the  Society  of  St.  Vincent  do  Panl  are 
the  channels  of  Christian  charity ;  the  Total  Abstinence 
Society  encourages  those  who  find  themselves  too  weak 
to  resist  a  craving  for  drink,  to  renounce  it  altogether, 
strengthened   by    God's    grace    imparted   in    tlie    sacraments. 

The  Sunday-schools,  -witli  their  good  library,  interest 
the  young,   for  -whom  a  special   mass  is  said  e^-ery  Sunday 


Roll  of  Honor. 


Arlhui',  Rosaniia. 
Attritlge,  JoliTi  ('•. 
Halbert,  Slary. 
Barry,  James. 
Realty,  Martin. 
ISl.alier,  Julia,  Mrs. 
Blackweil,  TliOTuas. 
Blessing,  Peter. 
Bowe,  Peter. 
Boylan,  Owen. 
Boyle,  Mary. 
Braily,  Ann,  Mrs. 
Brady,  Michael. 
Buckley,  Daniel. 


Burns,  John. 
Burns,  Mark. 
Burns,  Patrick. 
Burns,  William. 
Burke,  Michael  J. 
Byrne,  Patrick. 
Cafiry,  Peter. 
Cagney,  William. 
Cahill,  John. 
Campbell,  Francis. 
Cannavan,  P. 
Carey,  Andrew. 
Carroll,  James. 
Carroll,  Michael. 


Carroll,  Richard. 
Casey,  Peter. 
Casey,  Robert. 
Cassidy,  Patrick. 
Cassidy,  Thomas. 
Clancy,  Patrick. 
Clarke,  .Mexander. 
Clarke,  .\nn. 
Clifford,  Cornelius. 
Clifford,  Patrick. 
Conlan,  Francis. 
Connolly,  'lliomas. 
Connolly,  \\'illiam. 
Conroy,  Julward. 


232 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


Conway,  James. 
Conway,  Maurice,  Mrs. 
Corr,  Thomas. 
Corrig.in,  Bridget. 
Cosgrove,  James. 
Costello,  Edward. 
Creedon,  J.anies. 
Crosley,  Elizabeth. 
Crowley,  Cornelius, 
Crummy,  Andrew. 
CuUen,  Charles. 
Cunningham,  M.ary,  Mrs. 
Cunnion,  James. 
Curry,  Bernard. 
Daley,  Thomas  F. 
Deeley,  Peter. 
Demjisey,  James. 
Dennis,  lilatthew. 
Devlin,  Eliza. 
Devlin,  William. 
Doherty,  George. 
Dolan,  Andrew. 
Donnelly,  Catherine. 
Donnelly,  Edward. 
Doon.an,  Philip. 
Doran,  Michael. 
Dowling,  Tliomas. 
Doyle,  James. 
Doyle,  Martin. 
Doyle,  Michael. 
Drumm,  Peter. 
Dunn,  Michael. 
Dunn,  Thomas. 
Dunne,  James. 
Dwyer,  Dennis.  " 
Eagan,  Peter,  Jr. 
Early,  Catharine,  Mrs. 
Eagan,  James. 
Ellard,  George. 
Facey,  Margaret. 
Fay,  Andrew. 
Feeney,  John. 
Ferrigan,  fane. 
Finley,  John. 
Fitzgibbon,  Gerald. 
Fitzpatrick,  Patrick. 
Flemming,  Wilhani. 
Flynn,  James. 
Flynn,  Mich.iel. 
Ford,  Mary. 
Foster,  Bridget,  Mrs. 
G.artlan,  Hugh  M. 
Gilson,  Julia. 
Gordon,  Henry. 
Gormley,  Michael. 
Hall,  Catherine. 
Hall,  Robert. 
Hal]iiii,  I*eter. 
Hanlon,  Bernard. 
Ilanly,  Daniel. 
Hart,  Christina,  Mrs. 


Hayes,  Dennis. 

Hayes,  Jeremiah. 

Higgins,  Mary. 

Hughes,  Edward. 

Hughes,  Patrick  H. 

Hurley,  Ann. 

Jackson,  Rosanna. 

Johnson,  Thomas. 

Keating,  ICliz.abelh,  Mrs. 

Keenan,  Patrick. 

Kelly,  James. 

Kelly,  Thomas. 

Kenney,  Michael. 

Kevlin,  Henry. 

Kilday,  Edward. 

Kirk,  Thomas. 

Kirwin,  Honora. 

Kress,  William. 

Lally,  Thomas. 

Lamb,  Patrick. 

Lamont,  Peter. 

Leacy,  John. 

Le.ahy,  John. 

Leddy,  Michael. 

Lennon,  Dennis. 

Levins,  Peter. 

Limbeck,  Jolin. 

Livingston,  Mary,  Mrs. 

McAlhatan,  I'.ernard  F. 

McAtamney,  James. 

McAuley,  Thomas. 

McAuliffe,  Mary,  Mrs. 

McCaffrey,  Edwaril. 

McCann,  John. 

McCann,  I'atrick. 

McCann,  'i'homas. 

McCarthy,  John. 
McCarthy,  Mary,  Mrs. 
McCauley,  Thomas. 
McClernan,  A.  J.,  Mrs. 
McConville,  C.  M. 
McCormick,  Catharine,  Mrs. 
McCrossan,  Patrick. 
McCue,  P.  J. 
McGovern,  James. 
McGrath,  Dennis  J. 
McGuire,  Francis. 
McGuire,  James  H. 
McGuire,  William  B. 
Mclnerny,  Patrick. 
McKeevcr,  William. 
McKenna,  Ellen. 
McVey,  William. 
Mackintosh,  J. 
Maguire,  Catharine. 
Mahon,  James. 
Mahoney,  Daniel. 
Mahoncy,  Dennis. 
Mahoney,  John. 
Maloney,  (Jwen. 
Masterson,  P. 
Miner,  Jane,  Mrs. 


Monaghan,  Matthew. 
Monks,  John. 
Moore,  Patrick  H. 
Moynih.an,  Edward. 
Mulcown,  Robert. 
Mulgrew,  Felix  A. 
Mullen,  Mary,   Mrs. 
Mulligan,  Margaret,  Mrs. 
Midligan,  Michael. 
Mundy,  Neil. 
Murphy,  Daniel. 
Murphy,  F.  W. 
Murphy,  Margaret,  Mrs. 
Murphy,  Michael. 
Nash,  Thomas. 
Nugent,  Kliza. 
Nugent,  Tliomas  A. 
O'Brien,  Edward. 
O'Brien,  M. 
O'Connell,  Adelia. 
O'Connor,  Mary,  Mrs. 
O'Connor,  P. 
O'Keefe,  Kiernan. 
O'Leary,  Patrick. 
O'Meara,  James. 
O'.Neil,  Bridget,  Mrs. 
O'Neil,  Patrick. 
O'Neill,  P.  H. 
O'Reilly,  Annie. 
Pelmer,  Richard. 
Plumridge,  Edwartl. 
Powers,  Maurice. 
Purtell,  James. 
Ratigan,  Thomas. 
Rattigan,  Michael. 
Reartion,  John. 
Reilly,  Patrick. 
Reynolds,  Thomas  J. 
Rigney,  James. 
Riley,  Tliomas.    - 
Ripple,  H.  T. 
Rogan,  I'etcr. 
Rogeis,  James. 
Russell,  James  L. 
Sexton,  Bernard. 
Sheil,  John. 
Shorlill,  Bridget,  Mrs. 
Skelly,  Michael. 
Skiftington,  Terence. 
Smith,  N. 
.Stanley,  Kate. 
Stapleton,  I  lanicl. 
Star,  Francis. 
Sullivan,  Mauiice. 
Sweeney,  Ann. 
Turpen,  John. 
Tracey,  Eliza. 
Turner,  Isabella. 
Vaughan,  John. 
Ward,  Annie. 
While,  Frank. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  BRIDGET.  2^,") 


REV.    PATRICK   FRANCIS   McSWEENY, 

PASTOR  OP  ST.   BRIDGET'S  CHURCH. 


THE  \\ev.  Dr.  Patrick  Francis  McSweeny,  the  ])res- 
ent  jiastor  of  St.  Bridget's,  was  Loni  in  Ireland, 
July  9th,  1838.  He  came  to  America  with  his  parents 
in  April,  1849,  in  the  eleventh  year  of  his  age.  He 
was  educated  j)rinci})ally  at  the  Jesuit  College  in  Six- 
teenth Street,  New  York.  In  October,  1850,  he  entered 
the  College  of  the  Propaganda,  in  Rome.  Diu-ing  his 
stay  in  that  world-renowned  institution  he  was  created 
Doctor  of  Philosophy  in  1858,  and  Doctor  of  Divinity  in 
1862.  Having  been  ordained  priest  on  June  14th  of 
the  last  named  •  year,  he  retm-ned  to  New  York,  and  was 
appomted  by  the  late  Archbishop  Hughes  to  the  assistant 
pastorship  of  St.  Joseph's.  In  July  of  the  following  year 
he  was  transferred  to  the  Cathedral.  Here  he  remained 
till  January,  1870,  when  he  was  sent  as  pastor  to  Peekskill, 
New  York.  In  January,  1871,  he  was  appointed  pastor 
of  St.  Peter's,  Poughkeepsie.  There  he  divided  his  large 
parish,  and  fomided  the  present  St.  Mary's  j^arish,  liaving 
purchased  the  new  church  from  the  Universalists.  He 
Ijuilt  a  spacious  pastoral  residence,  enlarged  the  convent, 
;ind     repaired     and    improved     St.    Peter's     Church,    \\ith()ut 


234  CATHOLIC  GHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

inciuTing  any  debts  there.  In  1872,  he  succeeded  in 
placing  the  large  Catholic  schools  of  Poughkeepsie  under 
the  Public  Board  of  Education  in  such  a  manner  as  to 
secure  their  maintenance  from  the  public  funds  and  their 
greater  efficiency  in  the  secular  branches  of  education, 
while  rather  increasing  than  diminishing  the  advantages 
previously  enjoyed  in  a  religious  point  of  view,  and  this 
without  running  counter  in  the  least  to  the  laws  of  the 
State  or  the  principle  of  undenominational  education  in 
schools    supported    by    the    puldic    taxes. 

In  the  actual  position  of  the  school  question  in 
America,  every  expedient  that  seems  to  offer  a  means  of 
putting  an  end  to  the  wicked  and  inhmnan  injustice 
that  taxes  a  lai-ge  portion  of  the  community  for  an  ini- 
religious  system  of  schools,  when  in  conscience  they 
cannot  avail  themselves  of  any  but  a  system  in  which 
religion  holds  a  part  in  forming  the  mind  and  heart  of 
the    young,    is    worth   being   tested. 

Catholics,  so  long  as  they  believe  in  God  and  eter- 
nity, can  never  accept  the  present  schools  as  they  stand. 
Yet  as  a  body  they  are  powerless  to  effect  any  radical 
change,  and  meanwhile  have  to  expend  millions  of  dol- 
lars in  affording  an  education  for  Avhich  the  State  taxes 
them ;   but,  instead  of  an   egg,  tenders  the  child  a  serpent. 

In  November,  1877,  the  Rev.  Dr.  McSween}^  was 
appointed  to  his  present  position ;  his  assistants  being,  in 
1878,    the    Rev.    Hugh    McCabe     and   the    Rev.    J.    BjTon. 


CHURCH    OF  SAINT  CECIIJA. 

SECOND  AVENUE   AND   ONE   HUNDRED   AND   FIFTH   STREET. 


TJIE  Alost  Reverend  Arcliljisliop  McCloskey,  as 
early  as  tlie  year  1863,  in  view  of  the  increas- 
ing Catholic  jwpiilation  in  that  part  of  Ncav  York  Island, 
purchased  for  twenty-one  thousand  dollars  a  piece  of 
property,  on  the  north-east  corner  <tf  Second  Avenue  and 
One  Hundred  and  Fifth  Street,  sufficient  for  the  erection 
of  a  suitable  church,  with  a  pastoral  residence  and  the 
schools  which  in  time  Avould  gather  around  the  sacred 
edifice. 

For  some  years,  however,  the  condition  of  the  country 
made  any  further  attempt  unwise;  but  in  1873  the  Most 
Reverend  Archbishop  deemed  that  the  time  had  come  to 
afford  the  Catholics  In  that  })art  the  advantages  of  a 
cluu'ch.  He  confided  the  task  of  organizing  the  ])arish 
and  erecting  the  new  church  to  a  jiriest  who  had,  as  first 
assistant  at  St.  Teresa's,  won  the  respect  and  attention 
of  that  cono-reffation. 

Placing  his  new  parish  under  the  patronage  of  St. 
Cecilia,  the  Rev.  Hugh  Flattery  jiroceeded  to  the  work  of 
organization  :     and    in    May    he     began     the     erection    of    a 


cnuRCir  OF  st.  cecilia.  2:57 

tcniporai-y  cliaijel  in  wliicli  lie  could  offer  the  Holy  Sacri- 
fice and  preach  the  word  of  God  till  the  circumstances  of 
the  congregation  justified  the  great  work  of  erecting  the 
grand  church  projected    by    their   piety    and    hope. 

By  the  energy  of  the  pastor,  this  commodious  though 
temporary  structure  was  soon  completed,  and  on  the  2()th 
of  August,  1873,  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  dedicated 
it  with  the  usual  ceremonies,  and  the  new  church  of  St. 
Cecilia  took  its  place  among  the  Catholic  shrines  of  New 
York   Island. 

At  the  first  mass,  then  offered  with  due  pomp  and 
majesty,  a  sermon  was  ])reached  by  the  Rev.  John  Lan- 
caster Spalding,  then  in  the  diocese,  now  Bishop  of 
Peoria.  At  the  vesper  service,  which  closed  the  day,  the 
Rev.    Dr.    McGlynn   delivered    an    eloquent    discourse. 

The  early  virgin  saints  and  martyrs,  revered  for  ages 
in  all  countries  of  the  Catholic  world,  should  not  T)e 
strangers  to  the  thought,  the  heart,  or  the  devotion  of 
our  people.  St.  Cecilia  is  one  of  those  whom  our  Holy 
Mother,  the  Church,  has  from  age  to  age  conmiemorated 
in  the  canon  of  the  luass  and  invoked  in  her  litany — 
one  of  those  whom  she  everywhere  and  always  commends 
to    us    as    patrons. 

She  was  of  a  patrician  family  at  Rome,  devoted  to 
the  service  of  God,  consecrating  her  virginity  to  Him, 
and  ever  engaged  in  singing  psalms  and  hymns  and 
holy     canticles     in    honor    of    her    divine     spouse.      When 


238  CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

forced  by  liei'  parents  to  wed  the  young  jjatrician  Va- 
lerian, she  gained  him  and  his  brother  TiLurtius  to  the 
faith,  so  that  when  the  sword  of  persecution  was  un- 
slieathed,  they  died,  in  230,  with  her,  blessed  martyrs  of 
Jesus  Christ.  The  body  of  St.  Cecilia  was  interred  l)y 
Pope  Urban  in  the  cemetery  of  St.  Calixtus,  and  a 
climxh  dedicated  to  her  was  the  scene  of  a  council 
more  than  thirteen  lumdi-ed  years  ago.  Iler  body,  still 
entire,  was  found  by  Pope  Paschal  I.,  in  821,  and  trans- 
lated to  the  Chiu-ch  of  St.  Cecilia  in  Trastevere.  Here  it 
Avas  found  incorrupt  in  1599.  "  She  lay  clothed  in  her 
robes  of  golden  tissue,  on  which  were  still  visible  the 
glorious  stains  of  her  blood,  and  at  her  feet  were  the 
linen  cloths  mentioned  by  Pope  Paschal  and  his  biog- 
rajjher.  Lying  on  her  right  side,  with  her  arms  extended 
in  front  of  her  body,  slie  looked  like  one  in  a  deep 
sleep.  Her  head,  in  a  singularly  touching  manner,  was 
turned  round  towards  the  bottom  of  the  coffin ;  her 
knees  were  slightly  bent  and  dra^vn  together.  The  body 
was  perfectly  incoriiipt,  and  by  a  special  miracle  re- 
tained, after  more  than  thirteen  hundred  years,  all  its 
grace  and  modesty,  and  recalled  with  the  most  truthful 
exactness,  Cecilia  breathing  forth  her  soul  on  the  pave- 
ment of  her  bath.  A  more  signal  \dndication  of  the 
Chiirch's  traditions,  a  more  consoling  spectacle  for  a  de- 
vout   Catholic,    it   would   be   difficult   to    conceive." 

A   magnificent   altar  was   reared    above    her   tomb   by 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  CECILIA.  239 

Cardinal  Sfondrati,  and  beneath  it  he  placed  a  statue  by 
Maderna,  representing  the  martyr  exactly  as  she  was 
found. 

Such  is  the  glorious  Saint,  ])atroness  of  ecclesiastical 
music,  whom  our  city  honors,  with  St.  Agnes,  the  Holy 
Innocents,  tlie  martyred  Apostles,  and  Precm'sor  of  our 
Lord,  his  lirst  witness  Stephen,  and  the  apostle  bisliops 
of   Gennany    and    Poland. 

The  present  church  is  a  tasteful  frame  chapel  front- 
ing on  One  Hundred  and  Fifth  Street.  With  the  altar 
and  necessary  fiu-niture  and  ornaments,  the  church  cost 
about  ten  thousand  dollars.  The  vestments  are  extremely 
fine,  and  have  all  been  purchased,  except  one  set,  the 
gift    of  a   pious  lady. 

'  The  whole  cost  has  been  paid  by  the  untiring  ex- 
ertions of  the  pastor,  so  that  the  church  is  entirely  free 
from  debt.  Tlie  congregation  is  as  yet  small,  scattered, 
and  by  no  means  blessed  with  wealth.  To  accomplish  what 
has  already  been  done,  the  reverend  pastor  appealed,  and 
not    in    vain,    to    his    j^ersonal    friends    in    vai'ioiis   parts. 

The  chm-cli  has  not  yet  been  begun.  When  the 
congi-egation  seems  to  demand  it,  the  corner-stone  of  a 
more  enduring  temple  will  be  laid,  and  a  structure  reared 
facing  Second  Avenue  which  will  vie  with  any  in  oiu- 
city. 


240 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YOUK. 


Roll  of  Honor 


CHURCH   OF   ST.   CECILIA. 


Barry,  David. 
Doyle,  James. 
Duggan,  Jiilin. 
Eggleston,  ^Villiam. 
Farrell,  John  D. 
Fegan,  Edward. 
Fogarty,  K..,  Mrs. 
Foy,  John. 
Gallagher,  Daniel. 
Ganby,  Bernard. 
Gibbins,  Hugh. 
Gormley,  Bernard. 
Hanlon,  John. 
Kean,  M.  Mrs. 
McCann,  Patrick. 


McCorniick,  Michael. 
McGowan,  P. 
McKeon,  Charlotte,  Mrs. 
Macy,  Margaret  Jane. 
Maguire,  Charles  K. 
Maney,  Lawrence. 
Minnock,  Thomas. 
Murphy,  Francis. 
Murtaugli,  Garret. 
Norton,  John. 
O'Mara,  Thomas. 
Prunty,  Andrew. 
Reilly,  John. 
Shefflin,  Daniel. 
Waters,  Mark. 


ClILKCII  OF  m\  CECILIA.  241 

THE   REV.  HUGH  flatteuy, 

rASTOK  OF  «T.  C1X;ILIA"S  CHIJKCH. 


THE  Ivuv.  Huj;li  Flnttery,  who  lias  ivarcd  a  cIiuitIi 
ill  liuuur  of  the  virg-iu  martyr  St.  C'cfiHa,  near 
the  shore  oi  the  East  River  at  ()ne  Hundred  and  Fifth 
Street,  is  a  native  of  Ireland  —  born,  educated,  and  ordained 
amid  all  the  hallowed  associations  coimected  with  every 
quarter    of  the    island. 

He  was  born  in  Ballinasloe,  County  Galwa}",  in 
1838,  though  his  parents,  Hugh  Molloy  Flattery  and 
Catharine  Duhan,  were  both  natives  of  Kings  County. 
His  father  dying  while  he  was  yet  a  child,  his  mother 
removed  to  Dublin,  and  Hugh  received  his  early  edu- 
cation in  the  metropolis  of  Ireland.  Proceeding  to  Rome 
in  1853,  he  pursued  his  theological  studies  in  the  center 
of  Catholicity.  Having  completed  his  ct)urse  l)efore  the 
canonical  age  when  he  could  be  raised  to  the  i)riest- 
hood,  he  ap})lied  himself  during  the  ])eriod  thus  left  him 
to  the  thorougli  study  of  philosophy,  and  Avas  graduatetl 
in  that  science  in  185LI.  In  the  following  year  he  was 
ordained  priest  1j}'  the  late  Cardinal  Patrizi,  and  cele- 
brated his  first  mass  in  the  basilica  of  St.  Bartholomew, 
erected    on    the    site    of   an    ancient    temple    of    ^Esculapius. 

Retm-ning    to     Ireland,    he    entered    on     the     duties    of 
16 


242  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YOEK. 

the  ministry  at  Adair,  the  seat  of  the  Earl  of  Duuraven, 
and  at    St.    John's    Cathedral,    Limerick. 

About  twelve  years  ago  he  voluntarily  joined  the 
Diocese  of  New  York,  gi'S'ing  his  services  to  the  Most 
Reverend    Archbishop. 

His  first  missionary  labors  were  discharged  in  the 
parish  of  St.  Teresa,  the  Most  Reverend  Ar-chbishop  hav- 
ing confided  to  liim  the  position  of  assistant  at  that 
chiu^ch. 

The  sterling  qualities  eA'ineed  in  this  position  in- 
duced his  superioi's,  in  May,  1873,  to  call  him  to  the  field 
in  A^'hich  he  is  now  laboring.  It  was  no  sliglit  tribute 
to  his  merit  that  the  congregation  showed  the  utmost 
reluctance  to  \r,\rt  ^^ith  him.  They  would  not  let  him 
depart  without  a  substantial  token  of  their  respect  and 
regard.  The  men  of  the  congi-egation  subscribed  a  pm-se 
of  three  thousand  doUai's,  which  they  presented  to.  liim 
with  a  suitable  address ;  and  the  ladies  of  St.  Teresa, 
no  less  appreciative,  resolved  to  show  their  esteem  for 
his  priestly  qualities  and  unremitting  labors.  Their  ad- 
dress breathes  tliis  in  every  line,  and  the  subscriptions 
among   them   amounted    to    a   thousand    dollars. 

In  his  new  parish  he  has  been  equally  successful 
in  winning  the  good  will  of  his  flock.  He  has  paid  the 
whole  cost  of  his  church,  a  heavy  assessment  of  five 
thousand  dollars,  and  reduced  greatly  the  mortgage  on 
the    property. 


CHURCH    OF    SAINT    COLUMBA 

WEST    TWENTY-FIFTH    STREET. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  COLUMBA. 

WEST    TWENTY-FIFTH    STKEET. 


WHEN  the  first  steps  Avere  taken  to  fin-ni  the 
coiigTegatiuu  of  8t.  Joseph's  Cliurch,  Green- 
wich Village  lay  like  a  hamlet  a])art  fniin  the  Ijusy  and 
settled  portion  of  the  Cit}'  of  New  York,  l)nt  in  twenty 
years  dwellings  grew  np  to  and  far  beyond  it,  so 
that  the  Catholics  as  far  np  as  Twenty-fifth  Street,  in 
what  was  then  known  as  Chelsea,  began  to  consider 
whether  they  conld  not  erect  a  chnrch  that  Avoidd  be 
convenient  to  them  and  others  of  their  faith  avIio  conld 
then    be    fonnd    still    fnrther    north. 

The  project  did  not  seem  prematnre  to  the  Rt.  liev. 
Bishop  Hughes.  He  confided  the  task  of  gathering  the 
faithful  of  that  part  of  the  island  and  organizing  a  con- 
gregation, to  a  brilliant  and  eloquent  Irish  ])riest,  then 
but  a  few  months  in  his  diocese,  the  Rev.  Patrick  Jo- 
seph Bourke.  This  clergyman  roused  the  religious  en- 
thusiasm of  his  Catholic  countrymen  in  the  district 
allotted  to  him  across  the  island  from  Fourteenth  to 
Forty-second  Street;  and  having  fi)und  lots  adapted  to 
his  purpose  on  Twenty-fifth  Street  near  Ninth  Avenue, 
purchased    them    and    laid    the     corner-stone    of    a    church. 


CHTTRCH  OF  ST.  COLUMBA.  245 

to  wliicli  l^isliop  TTnylios,  fvoui  liis  devotion  to  one  of 
the  greiitest  luuiies  in  the  Irisli  cahiiuhn-,  wished  to  as- 
sio-n    the    name   of    8t.    (Johimba. 

"i'liat  lioly  man,  the  third  in  the  wonder-working 
Triad  of  Irisli  saints,  whose  relies  rest  at  Down,  was 
horn  at  Gortan,  in  the  County  Tyrconnel,  in  o'Jl,  of 
a  nolilc  fivniily,  and  was  trained  to  virtues  avid  sacred 
Icai-nino-  })y  St.  Finiaii.  He  founded  the  Alibey  of  Dur- 
rogh  and  a  hundred  others  in  Ireland  and  Scotland, 
having  draA\n  up  for  their  government  a  rule  liased  on 
that  of  the  Elastern  monks.  His  zeal  having  oftended 
King  Derinot,  the  saint  crossed  over  to  the  neighboring 
island,  where  he  converted  the  northern  Picts  and  High- 
landers, and,  establishing  a  monastery  on  the  island  of 
lona,    made    it    the    holy    island    of  Scotland. 

Trained  in  his  austere  school,  with  the  example  of 
his  virtues,  miracles,  and  prophecy,  his  disciples  became 
a  community  of  saints,  and  kings  claimed  the  right  of 
being  interred  on  so  holy  a  sjiot.  St.  Columba,  after  a 
life  of  missionary  labor  and  monastic  austerity,  foretold 
the  time  of  his  death,  and  rising  early  proceeded  to  the 
chapel,  where  he  received  the  viaticum  kneeling  before 
the  altar,  and  slept  sweetly  in  our  Lord  on  the  !)th  of 
June,  5117.  His  relics  were  subsequently  translated  to 
Ireland,  and  enshrined  at  Down,  with  those  of  St.  Brid- 
get   and    St.    Patrick. 

It    was    under    the     patronage    of    this    great   saint    that 


246  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

the  new  cluircli  was  to  be  built.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Bourke 
first  gathered  his  httle  flock  in  an  old  frame  building-  on 
the  south  side  of  Twenty-seventh  Street,  between  Eighth 
and  Ninth  Avenues,  where  a  livery  stable  now  stands. 
The  floor  between  the  stories  was  cut  away,  but  the 
place  was  too  small  for  the  congregation.  He  then  ob- 
tained possession  of  a  boat-hoixse  on  Eighth  Avenue  and 
Twenty-fourth  Street,  and  by  making  openings  in  the 
sides,  to  accommodate  those  who  could  not  find  place 
within,  enabled  his  parishioners  to  fulfill  the  obligation  of 
hearing   mass. 

The  foundations  were  soon  laid,  so  that  the  dimen- 
sions of  the  church  could  be  seen,  and  on  Thiirsday, 
May  22,  1845,  the  corner-stone  was  laid  by  Rt.  Rev. 
Bishop  Hughes,  who  prefaced  the  ceremony  Ijy  an  ap- 
propriate address  to  the  large  audience  assembled  on  the 
occasion,    and   which   luimbered    several    thousands. 

The  projected  church  was  to  be  a  plain  but  solid 
structure,  sixty  feet  by  ninety-four,  indulging  in  no  ex- 
travagance of  architectural  detail  within  or  Avithout.  The 
work  was  prosecuted  rapidly,  and  on  the  12th  of  Octo- 
ber, 1845,  it  was  made  ready  for  a  solemn  dedication  to 
Almight}'    God. 

Bishops  and  priests  began  to  arrive,  and  though  the 
day  was  wet  and  stormy,  not  only  the  pews,  which 
could  seat  twelve  hvmdi-ed  and  fifty  persons,  but  even 
the    aisles    were   filled   before    the    hour   fixed  for   the  cere- 


CIII'RCII  OF  ST.  COLU:\[BA.  247 

mony  of  the  day.  At  lialf-jjast  ten  the  procession  issued 
from  the  sacristy.  The  cross  was  borne  aloft  between  two 
acolytes,  with  lighted  candles,  followed  by  the  master  of 
ceremonies  leading  the  way  for  the  officiating  prelate, 
now  his  Eminence  Cardinal  IMcCloskey,  then  Coadjutor 
Bishop  of  New  York.  He  was  supported  on  the  right 
by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Bourke,  and  on  the  left  In"  the  Rev. 
John  Smith  of  St.  James'  Church.  At  the  church  door 
the  chant  of  the  Miserere  rose  as  the  bishop  pronounced 
the  blessing  and  the  dedicatory  prayer.  Then  sprinkling 
the  walls,  the  procession  returned  to  the  sanctuary,  singing 
the  Litany  of  the  Saints.  The  altar  was  solemnly  devoted 
to  its  holy  purpose,  iinder  the  invocation  of  St.  Columba, 
and   was   beautifully  adorned. 

A  Solemn  High  Mass  was  then  offered  by  the  Rev. 
Mr.  Bourke,  with  the  Rev.  Messrs.  Smith  and  Stokes  as 
deacon  and  subdeacon.  After  the  gosjiel  the  Rt.  Rev. 
Bishoj)  Hughes  ascended  to  the  altar,  and  read  his  text 
from  the  first  chapter  of  the  prophet  Malachy.  The 
words  of  the  prophecy  declare  to  the  Jews  the  coming 
of  a  time  wlien  God  should  cease  to  accept  the  sacri- 
fices they  then  offered,  but  when  to  his  name  should  come 
up  an  oblation  from  Gentiles  and  from  Jews,  from  the 
rising  to  the  setting  of  the  sun.  "  The  present  occa- 
sion," said  the  learned  divine,  "brings  the  prophecy  to 
oiu'  minds  —  the  dedication  of  a  temple  to  God,  one 
Avhich    has    risen    up    as    if    l)y    magic.       Tliat    ceremony    is 


248 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


apparently  one  of  sinijjlr  import,  tlie  dedication  of  the 
mere  material  substance,  but  tlie  prayer  and  praise  which 
arise  within  these  walls  are  not  merely  foi-  the  consecra- 
tion of  these  insensilile  materials,  but  for  the  consecra- 
tion to  God  of  the  hearts  that  are  now  assembled,  and 
shall    continue    to    assemble    here. 

"  But  it  is  not  from  the  simple  dedication  tliat  tlie 
church  derives  its  importance.  It  is  prophesied  that  the  time 
should  come  when  the  Jewish  sacrifice  should  cease,  and 
a  clean  sacrifice  be  offered  while  liumltle  pra^'er  ascended 
from  pure  hearts.  It  is  for  this  jiurpose  that  the  (Jliurch 
of  Jesus  Christ  erects  her  temples.  It  may  l>c  truly  said 
that  the  whole  universe  is  a  fitting  temple  for  Almighty 
God.  God  is  not  restricted  within  walls,  l)ut  Jesus 
Clnist,  through  His  Church,  has  taught  us  that  there  is 
a  worship  which  has  built  tt'Uiides  in  every  land  in  the 
world,  and  Avill  continue  to  build  its  temples  wliilc  time 
endures. 

"  Here  you  will  hold  communion  with  God,  and  He 
with  you  ;  and  those  whom  God  has  put  here  will  speak 
to   yon   in   the  name   of    the   Clnn-ch   of    Jesus   Christ." 

The  sacred  orator  then  proved  the  necessity  of  con- 
tinually repeated  sacrifice  in  the  Christian  Church,  from 
the  fact  that  sacrifice  alone  was  the  most  perfect  and 
complete  recognition  of  the  divine  sui)remacy,  and  tJiat  if 
the  new^  dispensation  did  not  possess  this  mode  of  recog- 
nition,  it    would    be    inferior    to   the   old   Mosaic   institution. 


rilTTRriT  OF  ST.  COLllMRA.  249 

Whilst  in  the  i)rinciples  of  Catliolics  there  was  a  perpetually 
continued  sacrifice,  there  was  still  no  variation,  no  plu- 
ralit}'  of  sacrifices,  as  in  the  Mosaic  law;  nnich  less  was 
there  any  siibstantial  difference  between  the  sacrifice  of 
this  day  and  the  sacrifice  of  Calvary.  "  For  at  all  times 
the  victim  (Christ)  beino-  the  same,  and  the  priest  (Christ) 
the  same,  the  sacrifice  unist  be  the  same.  The  victim, 
the  same  Christ,  no^v  impassiljle,  is  always  the  victim, 
nono  other  in  the  doctrine  of  the  Church ;  and  although 
there  may  be  many  ministering  priests,  there  is  still  but 
the  one  High  Priest,  who  '  remains  a  jn'iest  forever,  ac- 
cording to  the  order  of  Melchisedec'  Of  all  tlie  doc- 
trines  revealed  in  the  New  Testament,  there  is  none  so 
clearly  expressed  and  so  full  of  comfort  as  that  of  the 
Real  Presence.  Jesus  instituted  this  sacrifice  as  tJie  last 
mark  of  his  divine  love,  that  He  might  never  be  absent, 
but   always  present  with   us. 

"  Let  us  then,  beloved  brethren,  properly  regard  the 
privileges  we  enjoy.  Let  no  thought,  no  action  escape  us 
that  shall  do  dishonor  to  the  doctrines  we  profess.  Let  us 
render  our  temple  more  worthy  by  our  lives,  by  following 
in  the  footsteps  of  our  blessed  Saviour.  If  we  do  this, 
wc  si  mil  soon  arrive  where  outward  sacrifices  shall  cease 
to  be  necessary,  and  we  shall  sit  at  the  right  hand  of  our 
Father,  and  the  mantle  of  his  love  shall  be  forever  spread 
us." 

At     the     close     of     the     mass,     the     Bishoj)     gave     his 


250  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OP  NEW  YORK. 

benediction,  and  as  the  exquisite  miisic  died  away,  the 
procession  of  bishops,  pi'iests  and  clerics  moved  from  the 
sanctuary. 

The  new  church  was  very  neatly  fitted  up,  with  a 
simple  but  beautiful  altar  and  tabernacle.  The  congre- 
gation was  soon  numerous,  and  the  eloquence  of  the 
pastor  di-ew  crowds  from  all  parts  of  the  city,  especially 
when  he  preached,  as  he  occasionally  did,  in  Irish. 
But  he  was  not  fitted  for  the  management  of  financial 
aff"airs,  and  his  confidence  was  abused,  so  that  St.  Col- 
umba's  was  soon  almost  hojjelessly  involved,  and  after  a 
pastorship  of  only  nine  months,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Bourke 
withdrew  and  returned  to  Europe.  He  was  assisted 
during   his    brief  2:)astorsliip    by   the    Rev.    P.    Bradley. 

In  1846,  the  Bishop  committed  the  care  of  the 
church  to  the  Rev.  Michael  McAleei',  who  has  continued 
to  be  its  pastor  to  the  present  day.  Introducing  order 
and  system  into  every  department,  he  soon  reduced  the 
debt,  which  exceeded  the  real  value  of  the  chm-ch,  and 
at  last  completely  cleared  it  off".  Wlien  relieved  from 
the  bm-den  he  proceeded  to  remodel  the  cluirch ;  the 
increased  congregation  required  more  accommodation.  He 
provided  new  pews,  put  up  large  galleries  to  seat  sev- 
eral hundi'ed,  erected  a  new  and  far  finer  altar,  and 
added    a    suitable    vestry. 

But  though  the  chiu'ch  was  thus  fitted  up  for  the 
sei'vice    of  God,    the    education    of  the    young    was    an    im- 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  COLUMBA.  251 

jDerious  want,  A  site  was  piircliased,  in  1854,  for  the 
purpose  of  erecting-  a  parochial  school,  which  was  com- 
pleted in  185G.  The  boys'  department  was  placed  under 
the  Brotliers  of  the  Christian  Schools,  Avho  in  1878  num- 
bered two  hundred  juipils ;  while  the  Sisters  of  Charity, 
tvho  have  for  twelve  years  guided  the  girls  of  the  par- 
ish in  the  way  of  knowledge  and  piety,  have  five  hun- 
dred and  fifty  under  their  care,  as  well  as  a  hundred 
of  the    younger   boys. 

To  afi^ord  a  higher  course  of  education  for  young- 
ladies  whose  parents  could  afford  to  pay  for  the  advan- 
tages afforded  by  an  academy,  the  Sisters  of  Charity 
opened  in  186G  the  Academy  of  St.  Angela,  in  Twenty- 
second    Street,    where    they   have  fifty   pupils. 

There  are  many  societies  connected  with  the  church — 
the  Society  of  the  Living  Rosary ;  the  Sodality  of  the 
Sacred  Heart,  for  the  }"Oung  men;  the  Childi-en  of  Mary, 
for  the  young  ladies;  the  Conference  of  St.  Vincent  de 
Paul,  for  work  among  the  poor;  St.  Columba's  Childi-en's 
Aid  Society,  for  the  benefit  of  abandoned  and  destitute 
children ;  a  Temperance  Society ;  the  St.  Columbkille  So- 
ciety,    and    tlie    Young    Men's    Library   Association. 


252 


CATUOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


R 


OLL     OF 


H 


ONOR 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  COLUMIiA. 


Aspell,  Catharine,  Mrs. 

Finney,  Miss. 

McConnon,  Patrick. 

Barker,  Jame.s. 

Fitzgerald,  James. 

McCue,  Mary,  Mrs. 

Beatty,  Edward. 

Fitzpatrick,  Bernard. 

McDermott,  Peter. 

Boylan,  Frank. 

Flanagan,  James. 

McDonald,  Joseph. 

Brophy,  John. 

Flood,  John. 

McKay,  Kate. 

Buchanan,  James. 

Foley,  John. 

McMaho:i,  James, 

Byrne,  Michael. 

Foley,  Katie,  Miss. 

McStay,  Francis. 

Caine,   Michael. 

Fox,  Patrick  J. 

Malone,  Philip. 

Callaghan,  Cornelius. 

Fuller,  William, 

May,  ^\'illiam. 

Campbell,  James. 

Gallaghan,  Michael. 

Moore,  Miss. 

Campbell,  Patrick. 

Galnar,  John. 

Morris,  John. 

Churchill,  Michael. 

Gamfell,  James. 

Morton,  Mrs. 

Clifford,  Dennis. 

Gibbons,  Mary  A. 

O'Connor,  William. 

Comerford,  James. 

Gomien,  Miss. 

O'Donnell,  John. 

Cooney,  Henry. 

Grant,  John  Oscar. 

Ogilvie,  James. 

Cooney,  Thomas. 

Handy,  John. 

O'Gorman,  Richard. 

Conroy,  Matthew. 

Hannon,  J.  D. 

Quinn,  Daniel. 

Cullin,  Richard. 

Heaney,  Jane. 

Quinn,  Patrick  J. 

Curley,  Patrick. 

Hendricks,  Edward. 

Quinn,  John  H. 

Daley,  James. 

Higgins,  Hugh. 

Reilly,  Christopher. 

Daly,  Ellen,  Mrs. 

Home,  Maria,  Mrs. 

Reilly,  Francis  J. 

Donnelly,  Edward  J. 

Houlihan,  Michael. 

Reilly,  James. 

Donnelly,  James,  Mrs. 

Hughes,  Francis. 

Reynolds,  John. 

DutTy,  James  H. 

Irwin,  Henry. 

Riger,  Jacob. 

Duffy,  John. 

Irwin,  John. 

Schmidt,  C.  A. 

Dunn,  Patrick. 

Judge,  Nicholas. 

Skehan,  James. 

Egan,  Bridget,  Mrs. 

Kennedy,  John,  Mrs. 

Smith,  James. 

Egan,  Joseph. 

Kennedy,  Nicholas. 

Toner,  James. 

Faley,  James. 

Lawlor,  Jolin. 

Toy,  Jnlin. 

Farrell,  Andrew  F. 

Leary,  Andrew. 

Walsh,  John. 

Farrell,  John,  Mrs. 

Logan,  Thomas. 

Walsh,  Michael. 

Felhen,  James. 

McAleenan,  Henry. 

White,  John  J. 

CHURCH  OF  ST.  CULUMLA.  2r)3 

K  K  \" .     31 1  (J  II  A  E  L     M  (  A  L  K  l]  V, , 

PASTOR   OF  ST.   COLUMBA'S  CIIUKCII. 


TlIK  \t'iRTiil)k'  pustor  of  the  Cliurc-li  of  Columbkille 
is  proljal)!}'  the  oldest  priest  in  the  City  of  New 
York  ill  years  and  ordination.  He  is  a  native  of  the 
County  Tyrone,  Ireland,  where  he  first  saw  the  lii^lit  in 
the  year  1811.  Before  he  passed  the  years  of  bo}liood 
his  family  emigrated  to  America  and  settled  at  Frederick, 
Maryland.  As  lie  evinced  a  taste  for  stud)',  his  parents, 
after  he  had  mastered  the  rudiments  in  the  scliool  of  the 
place,  made  every  sacrifice  to  place  him  at  IMount  St. 
Mary's  College,  Emmettsburg,  which  he  entered  in  the 
year  1828.  After  being  gi-aduated,  his  jiiety  and  love 
for  the  house  of  God  led  him  to  seek  entrance  among 
those  who  were  preparing  for  the  holy  order  of  priest- 
hood. Dr.  Purcell,  then  president  of  that  venerable  in- 
stitution, welcomed  him  warmly,  and  pursuing  his  course 
with  many  who  became  famous  in  the  cliurch — one  as 
the  first  American  cardinal,  another  as  Bisliop  of  Chicago, 
another  as  Bishop  of  Brooklyn — he  was  ordained  in  1837. 
When  the  Rev.  3Ir.  Purcell  was  promoted  to  the 
See  of  Cincinnati,  he  urged  the  young  priest,  whose  learn- 
ing, piety,  and  spirit  of  discipline  lie  luul  noted,  to  ac- 
company   him    to    the    West.       After    spending    tlu'ee    years 


254  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

of  labor  in  the  Diocese  of  Cincinnati,  in  Canton,  Carroll 
County,  he  was  touclied  by  an  appeal  of  the  Rt.  Rev.  Dr. 
Miles,  Bishop  of  Nashville,  for  missionaries,  and  at  once 
responded  to  the  call,  well  aware  of  the  difficulty  and 
hardship  of  the  field.  Bishop  Purcell,  though  loth  to 
part  with  a  good,  active,  and  zealous  priest,  finally  con- 
sented, and  Rev.  Mr.  McAleer  went  to  Tennessee.  There 
he  and  the  Rev.  John  Maguire  were  appointed  to  travel 
together  throughout  the  diocese,  to  preach  in  every  town 
not  already  provided  with  a  pastor,  and  to  administer 
the  holy  sacraments  to  all  who  might  apply  to  them.  lie 
was  thus  the  first  priest  in  our  times  to  say  mass  or 
erect  a  church  in  Western  Tennessee.  He  was  at  one 
time  accompanied  by  the  late  Archbishop  Spalding,  then 
a  missionary  pnest  in  Kentucky.  Their  discourses,  pop- 
idar  in  style,  full  of  solid  and  convincing  argument, 
produced  a  decided  impression  on  the  clear  Western  minds, 
and  prepared  the  way  for  future  chm-ches.  Rev.  Mr.  Mc- 
Aleer soon  erected  a  beautiful  brick  chiu'ch  at  Memphis, 
of  Avhicli  he  became  the  2:)astor,  attending  stations  at  a 
gi'eat  distance — Fort  Pickering,  La  Grange,  Bolivar,  Jack- 
son, and  other  points.  Here,  after  some  years,  he  Avas 
assisted  by  a  Dominican  Father,  Thomas  S.  Alemany, 
now    Archbishop    of  San    Francisco. 

His  reputation  for  learning  had  not  been  lost  in  this 
hard  missionary  work,  and  in  1846  he  was  selected  by 
the    Rt.    Rev.   Matthias    Loras,    Bishop    of  Dubuque,    as   liis 


CHUECH  OF  S'l\  COLUMBA.  255 

tlieologiiui,  to  accompany  him  to  the  Sixth  Provincial 
Council  of  lialtimore,  and  he  attended  the  sessions  of  that 
venerable    body    in    that   cajDacity. 

At  its  close  he  was  received  by  Ai'chbishop  Hughes 
into  his  diocese,  and  assigned  to  the  Church  of  8t. 
Columba,  then  sadly  in  need  of  a  priest  a\1io  could  save 
it  from  threatened  ruin.  As  we  have  seen,  he  cleared  it 
of  a  load  of  debt  that  would  have  appalled  most  men ; 
remodeled  the  clmrch  edifice,  rendering  it  more  attractive 
to  his  peojjle  and  more  worthy  of  the  dignity  of  our 
incomparable  litin-gy ;  organized  the  schools  for  the  Chris- 
tian education  of  the  young,  and  has  successfully  labored 
to    keep    alive    a   spirit    of  faith    and  devotion. 

His  zeal  was  shown  in  a  remarkable  manner  diu'ing 
the  terrible  cholera  season  of  1849.  His  parish  was 
especially  afflicted  by  the  fatal  disease,  and  for  weeks 
the  devoted  priest  slept  only  on  a  sofa  in  the  parlor, 
with  his  liorse  and  wagon  standing  all  night  before  his 
door,  ready  to  carry  him  to  any  point  of  Ids  district 
where  a  stricken  Catholic  claimed  the  consolations  of 
religion.  He  was  upheld  almost  supernatm-ally,  facing 
the  heat  by  day  and  want  of  sleep  at  night,  in  his 
faithful  and  untii'ing  discharge  of  his  duties.  It  is  easy 
to  conceive  with  what  respect  his  flock  regarded  his 
devotion    and   courage. 

As  he  advanced  in  age,  he  was  attacked  by  pneu- 
monia,   which    several    times    tlu*eatened    to    end    his   life, 


256  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEAV  YORK. 

or,  at  least,  his  usefulness,  but  he  recovered  completely, 
and  still,  in  his  sixty-eighth  year,  is  discharging  his  paro- 
chial  duties  witli   all   the   zeal   of   forty   years   ago. 

The  rapid  increase  of  popidation  in  that  part  of  the 
city  has  made  his  duties  as  onerous  as  ever;  for,  though 
parishes  have  been  formed  in  the  district  originally  as- 
signed to  St.  Colundia's,  the  flock  under  his  charge  is 
greater    than    it    ^vas    on    the    day    of    his    appointment. 

During  his  long  pastoi'ate.  Rev.  Mr.  McAleer  has  had 
several  assistants — Rev.  Francis  Monaghan  of  the  Diocese 
of  Armagh  (1846-8);  Rev.  James  Cmnnnskey ;  Rev. 
Terence  Scallan,  who  after  several  }'ears'  labor  in  city 
missions  became  pastor  at  Haverstraw ; .  Jiav.  Titus  Joslin, 
a  convert  and  author ;  Rev.  William  H.  Neligan,  once  a 
Protestant  clergyman  in  Ireland  and  England,  who  em- 
braced the  fixith  he  had  before  earnestly  opposed,  and 
Avhose  pen  has  enriched  our  literature  with  many  learned 
and  devotional  works ;  Rev.  H.  O'Hara ;  Rev.  James  T. 
Barry,  and  Rev.  A.  Molloy.  The  j^^'^sent  assistants  of 
the  venerable  pastor  are  the  Rev.  George  C.  IMurphy 
and    Rev.   ]\I.    Montgomery. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.   CYRHXUS   AND    ST. 
METHODIUS. 

(BOHEMIAN.) 
EAST    FOURTH     STREET. 


NEW  YORK,  in  one  respect,  recalls  Jerusalem  on 
the  day  of  Pentecost;  it  lias  among-  its  Catho- 
lic po])ulation  "devout  men  out  of  every  nation  under 
heaven."  To  all  these,  each  Catholic  church  is  a  liome. 
The  land,  and  the  manners  of  the  people,  tlie  stir  and 
bu.stle  of  business,  the  rapid  moving-  of  c-nr  and  boat 
under  tlie  mighty  impulse  of  steam,  may  all  be  strange; 
but  before  the  altar  of  God,  when  the  Hoh'  .Sacritice  of  tlie 
]Mass  is  offered,  or  the  8acred  Office  is  sung,  or  om-  Lord 
from  the  monstrance  pours  liis  blessing-  upon  them,  the 
feeling  pervades  their  hearts  that  here  they  are  at  home. 
Yet  even  with  this  there  comes  the  desire  which  the  Holy 
Ghost  on  the  day  of  Pentecost  gratitied  by  a  miracle  — 
the  long-ing  "  to  hear  in  their  own  tongue,  wherein  they 
were    born,    the    A^'onderful    ^\-orks    of   God." 

There  were  temples  in  our  city  where,  during  mass, 
the  gospel  was  preached  in  Englisli,  French,  German, 
and    Italian;     but  the   Bohemians  wished  to  hear  the   words 

of  salvation   in   their   own    language.        In    December,    1874, 
17 


258  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

they  organized  two  religious  societies  —  that  of  St.  Wen- 
ceslaus  and  that  of  St.  Ludmila.  Thus  brought  to- 
gether,  they  found  a  priest  of  their  nationaHty  wilhng 
to    devote   himself  especially    to    them. 

This  his  Grace  the  Ai-chbishop  readily  permitted, 
and  the  late  Rev.  Father  Krebesz  of  St.  Nicholas  gener- 
ously placed  the  basement  of  that  church  at  their  disposal. 
A  few  months  encom-aged  the  pastor  and  his  little  flock 
to  endeavor  to  secure  a  place  especially  for  theii-  own 
use.  Such  was  the  zeal  and  regularity  shown  by  tlie 
Bohemians,  that  in  March,  1875,  the  property  316  East 
Fourth  Street,  between  Avenues  C  and  D,  was  purchased 
for  the  sum  of  twelve  thousand  five  hundred  dollars,  and 
blessed  for  use  as  a  Catholic  church  under  the  invoca- 
tion   of   St.    Cyi'illus    and    St.    Methodius. 

These  two  holy  brothers — brothers  according  to  the 
flesh  and  in  spiritual  life  and  missionary  labors  —  were 
born  at  Thessalonica,  of  an  illustrious  senatorial  family, 
and  are  regarded  as  the  apostles  of  Bohemia,  Moravia, 
Silesia,  Croatia,  Bulgaria,  Bosnia,  Russia,  and  almost 
all  Slavonic  nations,  for  whom  they  translated  the  liturgy 
into  their  own  language.  Borgias,  King  of  the  Bulgari- 
ans, Borivoj,  Duke  of  Bohemia,  and  other  princes  of 
those  parts,  were  won  by  them  to  the  faith  and  love 
of  Christ.  Methodius  was  made  by  the  Pope  Archbishop 
of  Moravia,  but  Cyi'il  remained  a  simple  monk.  They 
died   about   the    year    900,  and  their  bodies  were   laid  with 


CHURCir  OF  ST.  CYRILLUS  AND  ST.  METHODIUS.     O^O 

honor  under  the  altar  of  a  very  ancient  chapel  in  St. 
Clement's  Church  at  Rome,  as  if  to  attest  that  the  coun- 
tries where  war  has  recently  rag-ed  were  converted  by 
missionaries  from  the  Roman  See.  These  saints  set  up 
at  Bimzlaii  a  statue  of  the  Blessed  Virgin,  which  was 
for  centuries  afterwards  a  place  of  pilgrimage,  and  was 
visited  hy  St.  John  Nepomucene  just  before  his  mar- 
tyrdom. 

Soon  after  the  modest  church  of  these  apostles  of 
Eastern  Eiu-ope  was  ojiened,  the  Rev.  George  Weidlich, 
who  had  done  so  good  a  work,  found  that  his  health 
was  too  much  broken  to  attempt  to  minister  to  the  little 
flock   he   had    gathered. 

The  Rev.  A.  V.  Vacula  was  then  appointed  priest  of 
the  Bohemians,  and  has  since  successfully  administered 
the  parish.  Finding  the  building  already  too  small  for 
the  congregation,  he  enlarged  it  at  a  cost  of  six  thou- 
sand dollars,  and  thus  had  a  commodious  and  more  wor- 
thy chiu-ch.  On  the  12th  of  December,  1875,  it  was 
solemnly  dedicated  by  the  Very  Re^-.  William  Quinn, 
Vicar  General  of  the  diocese,  who  delivered  a  sermon  in 
English,  and  another  in  Bohemian  was  gi^en  by  the  Rev. 
A.  V.  Vacula.  The  High  Mass  was  said  by  the  Rev. 
Father  Ivo  Prass,  the  Superior  of  the  Capuchins  in  New 
York,  who  attended  with  several  Fathers  of  his  com- 
munity. 

The   pastor   felt   that  a   school  was   indispensable,   and 


2fiO  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

ill  llie  early  i)art  ot"  October  opened  one  in  the  basement 
of  his  chnrch.  The  attendance,  at  first  only  twenty-five, 
soon  increased  to  about  a  hundred,  and  has  been  con- 
tinued   with    success. 

Soon  after  the  dedication  the  Rev.  Mr.  Vacida  insti- 
tuted the  St.  Mary's  Society  for  girls,  and  that  of  St. 
Aloysius  for  the  boys  of  the  congregation,  to  associate 
the  }'ounger  members  of  his  flock  together  in  pious  ex- 
ercises, that  each  should  be  a  support  to  the  other  in 
the  trials  and  temptations  that  beset  the  rising  generation 
in    a   great    city. 

In  May,  1877,  the  Society  of  the  Knights  of  St,  AVen- 
ceslaus  was  originated.  They  attended  a  Solemn  j\Iass  on 
the  28th  of  September,  when  a  beautiful  flag  was  presented 
to  the  society  1)y  the  pastor,  and  blessed  by  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Weyman  of  the  Church  of  St.  Stanislaus,  several  of  the 
prominent  members  of  the  congregation  being  sponsors  for 
the    banner. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  CYRILLUS  AND  ST.  METHODIl'8.     Ji;] 


RKV.    A .  V.    VACULA, 

PASTOR    OF    THE    CHURCH    OF  ST.  CYRILLUS  AND  ST.  METHODUTS. 


THP^  Rev.  A.  \.  Varula  was  horn  at  Osek,  Archdio- 
cese of  Ohnutz,  in  Moravia,  on  the  loth  of  Angnst, 
184r),  and  was  edncated  at  the  gymnasium  at  Kremsier, 
from  which  he  entered  the  University  of  Vienna  in  18G5. 
After  two  years  spent  there,  he  resolved  to  embrace  the 
clerical  state,  and  pursued  liis  theological  studies  for  three 
years  in  the  University  of  Olmutz.  Feeling  called  to  de- 
vote himself  to  the  American  missions,  he  was  sent  to  the 
American  College  at  Louvain  in  1809,  and  there  ordained 
for  tlic  Diocese  of  Baltimore,  on  the  10th  of  September, 
1870,    in  the    College    of    the    Jesiiit    Fathers    at    Louvain. 

At  the  desii'e  of  his  parents,  he  returned  to  his 
native  city  and  said  his  first  mass  in  the  Cluu'ch  of 
the  Exaltation  of  the  Holy  Cross,  and  dm-ing  the  tem- 
porarv  illness  of  the  parisli  priest  and  his  assistant,  offi- 
ciated   for   two    months 

He  then  came  to  this  coinitry,  arriving  December  1, 
1870.  Repairing  to  Baltimore,  he  was  placed  by  the  late 
Archbislio[)  .Spalding  in  charge  of  a  congregation,  and 
erected    the  Church  of   St.   AVenceslaus,   on    Central  Avenue, 


262  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

above  Baltimore    Street,    wliicli    was  dedicated    by   the  late 
Bishop    Verot    of   St.    Augustine,    May    20th,    1872. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Yacula  ministered  to  this  congregation 
of  Bohemians  for  about  two  years.  He  was  then  for  a 
year  chaplain  of  the  Baltimore  University  Hospital.  After 
this  first  exercise  of  the  ministry  in  the  Diocese  of  Balti- 
more he  came  to  New  York,  and  was  appointed  to  the 
Chm-ch  of  St.  Cyrillus  and  St.  Methodius,  on  the  27th  of 
September,  1875. 

His  active  zeal  has  done  much  to  mould  the  little 
conffresration  of  Bohemian  CathoHcs  into  an  earnest  and 
devoted  body,  their  faith  being  kept  alive  by  pious  as- 
sociations   and   the    influence  of  the  schools. 

Their  present  prosperity,  if  not  the  origin  of  their 
church,  is  due,  in  no  small  degree,  to  the  patience  and 
the  intelligent  zeal  of  the  clergjnnan  who  now  fills  the 
responsible  position  of  pastor  in  this  church. 


CHURCH  OF   SAINT  ELIZABETH. 

WEST   ONE    HUNDRED   AND   THIRTY-SEVENTH  STREET. 


THE  CHURCHES  OF  SAINT  ELIZABETH  AND 

SAINT  JOHN. 

FORT     WASHINGTON    AND    K  I  N  G  S  B  R I D  G  K  . 


FORT  WASHINGTON  recalls  by  its  name  the  strug- 
gle in  the  days  of  the  Revolution,  when  Magaw's 
and  Shea's  regiments  of  the  Pennsyh-ania  line,  which  num- 
bered many  Irish  Catholics,  so  stubbornly  held  out  against 
an  overwhelming-  English  force.  As  a  part  of  our  island 
where  Catholic  blood  flowed  in  the  cause  of  American 
Independence,  it  was  well  that  it  should  be  hallowed  by 
religious  associations ;  that  the  noblest  worship  ever  offered 
to  the  Almighty  might  there  bind  us  witli  our  fellow- 
believers    of  the    days    that    tried    men's    souls. 

In  1869,  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  established 
the  parochial  district  of  Fort  Washington,  embracing  the 
northern  spur  of  the  island  to  the  other  side  of  that  stream 
which  still  retains  the  name  associated  with  the  legends  of 
the    Dutch    epoch. 

This  district  was  confided  to  the  Rev.  Cornelius  J. 
O'Callaghan,  who  took  the  preliminary  steps  to  gather  the 
Catholic  population,  saying  mass  in  the  public  school- 
houses  at  Fort  Washington  and  Spuvten  Duj-vil.  Tlie 
Catholic    population    was    mainly  in    two    Ijodies,   somewhat 


CHURCHES  OF  ST.  ELIZABETH  AND  ST.  JOHN.        265 

widely  separated,  and  it  wiis  not  easy  to  fix  np.on  a 
central  location  that  woidd  l)e  convenient  to  i)otli.  Diffi- 
culties seemed  to  discovxrage  the  priest  first  assig-ned  to 
this  mission,  but  in  October,  1870,  tlie  Rev.  Henry  A. 
Brann,  D.D.,  whose  scholarly  instincts  and  tastes  seem  to 
stimixlate  his  activity  in  parochial  labors,  and  especial!}'  in 
that  creative  power  often  so  necessary  to  a  clergyman 
who  finds  himself  in  a  parish  without  a  roof  to  cover  his 
head  or  shield  the  altar  he  must  rear  to  the  Most  High. 
He  was  to  complete,  by  dedicating  to  the  service  of  God 
the  upper  end  of  Manhattan  Island,  the  work  begun  at 
the   Battery    by    the  Jesuit  Fathers  two    centuries    before. 

The  more  pressing  want  seemed  to  be  in  the  portion 
of  his  district  near  Kingsbridge,  and  to  this  point  he 
gave  his  first  care.  He  enlarged  by  purchase  the  site 
already  obtained,  and  at  once  began  to  erect  a  modest 
frame  church,  which  was  speedily  completed,  at  a  cost  of 
about  ten  thousand  dollars,  and  in  a  few  months  after  his 
arrival  he  could  request  his  Grace  the  Most  Reverend 
Archbishop  to  honor  him  and  his  little  flock  by  solemnly 
dedicating  it  to  the  worship  of  the  Holy  Trinity.  The 
Archbishop,  who  had  blessed  so  many  fine  ecclesiastical 
structures,  did  not  decline,  and  on  the  4th  of  December, 
1870,  tlie  little  Church  of  St.  John  at  King.sbridge  was 
dedicated  according  to  the  Roman  ritual.  The  Rev.  Mr. 
McNeirny,  now  Bishop  of  Albany,  sang  the  High  Mass, 
Manhattan  College  contributing  to  the  solemnity  of  the  oc- 


266  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

casion  by  its  band,  which  formed  the  choir.  The  Arch- 
bishop dehvered  one  of  his  ever-happy  and  edifpng  ser- 
mons, that  hnger  hke  a  sweet  memory  for  years,  associ- 
ated with  the  occasions  on  which  they  are  pronounced. 
The  heavenly  dove  had  found  a  nest  for  herself  where 
she   mig-ht   gather   her    yoimg   ones. 

Under  the  care  of  Dr.  Brann  a  congregation  of 
about  four  hundi-ed  now  worship  in  this  church,  and  about 
thirty-six  are  yearly  brought  to  the  baptismal  font  to  be 
added  to   the   flock  of  Christ.  " 

The  other  portion  of  his  district  would  require  a 
chm-ch  of  greater  size,  and  there  were  e\'idences  that 
means  would  not  be  withheld  to  give  Catholicity  there  a 
church  that  would  not  reflect  on  the  generosity  of  her 
children.  Dr.  Brann  was  fortunate  in  obtaining  a  spot 
suitable  for  his  purpose  near  the  Hudson,  the  old  Rio  San 
Antonio  de  las  Montanas.  On  One  Hundred  and  Eighty- 
seventh  Street  and  Broadway  he  laid  the  foundation  of 
the  Church  of  St.  Elizabeth.  This  tasteful  and  beautiful 
edifice  of  brick  with  Ohio  brown  stone  facings  is  fifty-four 
feet  in  front  by  a  depth  of  one  hundred  and  twenty-five 
feet,  and  is  highly  creditable  to  Mr.  N.  Le  Brun,  the 
architect.  The  interior  adornment,  and  the  altar  with  its 
tabernacle,  are  pure  in  taste,  and  inspire  the  devotional 
feeling  befittnig  a   sacred  edifice. 

The  Most  Rev.  Dr.  McCloskey  again  honored  the 
parish    of    Fort    Wasliington    by    coming,    on    the    14th   of 


CHURCHES  OF  ST.  P^LIZABETH  AND  ST.  JOHN.        2(;7 

January,  1872,  to  dedicate  this  clnircli  to  St.  Elizabeth. 
After  the  water,  blessed  with  holy  rite,  had  been  sprink- 
led on  the  walls,  and  the  dedication  ser^dces  been  per- 
formed, the  Et.  Rev.  Bishop  McNeirny  sang  the  Iliyh 
Mass,  the  sanctuary  being  graced  by  the  Rt.  Rev.  Bishop 
Corrigan  of  Newark  and  many  of  the  priests  of  the  cit}-. 
The  Cluu-ch  of  St.  Francis  Xavier  gave  its  choir,  with 
the  famous  Dr.  William  Berge  as  director,  to  honor  the 
new  chm-ch.  After  the  gospel,  the  Rt.  Rev.  Bernard  J. 
McQuaid,  Bishop  of  Rochester,  preached  the  dedication 
sermon,  riveting  the  attention  of  the  faithful,  who  crowded 
the   sacred   edifice. 

The  o-round  for  the  Church  of  St.  Elizabeth — a  name 
that  recalls  at  once  the  holy  mother  of  the  Precursor  of 
om-  Lord,  and  of  dear  St.  Elizabeth  of  Hungary,  and  her 
holy  niece,  St.  Elizabeth  of  Portugal — was  given  by 
Joseph  Fisher  and  the  late  James  Gordon  Bennett.  It  is 
eight}'  feet  in  front  by  one  hundred  and  sixty-four  feet  in 
depth,  at  the  corner  of  One  Hundred  and  Eighty-seventh 
Street  and  Broadway.  The  church  found  liberal  benefactors. 
Charles  O'Conor,  Esq.,  gave  ten  thousand  dollars  toward 
the  erection  of  the  sacred  edifice,  James  Gordon  Bennett 
five  thousand,  Joseph  Fisher  two  thousand.  The  main 
altar  is  the  gift  of  the  two  daughters  of  ]\Ir.  Fisher; 
the  marble  altar  at  the  side  was  presented  by  Mrs. 
Paul  R.  G.  Pery.  The  altar-piece,  painted  by  May,  the 
American     artist,     after     Murillo's     Immaculate     Conception, 


268  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NP:W  YORK. 

was  given  by  the  present  James  Gordon  Bennett.  All 
the  stained-glass  windows  were  pi-esented.  That  in  the 
sanctuary  was  given  by  Mrs.  Charles  M.  ( 'onnolh^ :  the 
front  Avindow,  a  memorial  of  the  Rev.  John  -Kelly  of 
Jersey    City,    was    presented    by    Eugene    Kellv,    Esq. 

The  church,  with  the  rectory,  cost  about  a  hundred 
thousand  dollars,  and  is  one  of  the  most  elegant  on 
the  island — indeed,  one  of  the  few  in  which  individiial 
contributions  have  formed  a  considerable  })art  of  the 
cost. 

Thus,  in  less  than  two  years,  the  Rev.  Dr.  Brann 
had,  ill  the  district  wliicli  he  found  clnirchless,  reared  two 
temples  of  our  hoU'  religion,  giving  the  faithful  all  the 
advantages  enjoyed  by  other  jjarts  of  the  island.  He 
made  his  residence  at  8t,  Elizabeth's,  visiting  every  Sun- 
day and  holiday  the  ( 'hurcli  of  8t.  John,  to  offer  mass 
there. 

He  then  1)uilt  on  the  ground  adjoining  St.  Elizabeth's 
a  rectory,  a  fine  three-story  l)uil(liiig  with  a  Mansard  roof, 
so  that  for  years  the  parisli  will  need  no  additional  outlay 
for  church  or  pnrochial  residence. 

Since  he  assumed  the  direction  of  the  parish.  Dr.  Brann 
has  been  assisted  liy  the  Rev.  ^Ir.  Lynch,  now  at  Sau- 
gerties,  Rev.  Francis  Micene,  Rev.  George  M.  Schrader, 
D.D.,  and  the  jii'^s^'it  ciu-ate,  the  Rev.  Daniel  J.  McCor- 
mick. 

The   cong-reg-ation    of    the    church   does    not   yet   exceed 


CHURCHES  OF  81'.  KIJZARETH  AM)  ST.  JOHX.        2H!I 

six  hundred,  but  St.  Elizabeth  will  stand  for  }-ears  and 
see  its  aisles  crowded  to  excess.  The  baptisms  number 
annually    about    thirty-six. 

The  parish  is  not  Avithout  those  pious  and  beiieiicent 
societies  which  meet  what  seems  to  be  a  general  want; 
and  wIk'U  not  gratitied  in  the  Church,  leave  many  ex- 
posed t(i  be  drawn  into  bodies  whose  fonn  or  object  is 
subject    to    ecclesiastical    censure. 

Tlie  societies  attached  to  the  Churches  of  8t,  Eliza- 
beth and  St.  John  are  the  Confraternity  of  the  Sacred 
Heart,  the  Rosary  Societ}-,  and  Temperance  Societies. 
The  Sunday-schools  are  well  sustained  and  number  more 
than    three    hundred    and    iifty    pupils. 

The  future  of  New  York  City,  no  one,  of  course, 
can  foresee.  Some  incline  to  tliink  that  she  has  reached 
the  highest  point  of  greatness,  and  may  decline.  Others 
see  nothing  to  check  the  career  of  progress  in  Avhich 
she    has    moved    for    so    many    years. 

Catholicity  has  more  tluvn  grown  with  her  growth. 
The  Christian  body  which  a  century  ago  had  no  priest, 
no  altar,  no  church,  no  organized  congregation,  has  her 
sacred  edifices  dotting  the  island  from  Barclay  Street  to 
Kingsbridge.  A  dense  population  may  yet  gather  in 
the  upper  part  of  the  island  beyond  the  Central  Park, 
and  the  parochinl  district  of  Fort  Washington  be  di^dded 
among  a  number  of  cluu-ches,  requiring  many  j^riests  to 
fulfill    the    mission    labor    iiuannbent    on   the  clergy. 


270                CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Roll   of  H 

ONOR, 

CHURCH  OF  ST.  ELIZABETH. 

Ahern,  Timothy. 

Donovan,  James. 

McGinn,  Mrs. 

Barry,  Patrick. 

Duane,  Thomas. 

McGrane,  Mrs. 

Barry,  William. 

Duke,  Thomas. 

Mclvors,  S. 

Bergin,  L. 

Ecclesine,  T.  C.  E. 

McKeon,  Matthew. 

Bradley,  Daniel. 

Fenton,  Thomas. 

Maloney,  Joseph. 

Brady,  P.  J. 

Finn,  Michael. 

Maloy,  John. 

Britt,  William. 

Flynn,  Ann. 

Meehan,  James. 

Brophy,  Michael. 

Foley,  John. 

Meehan,  Patrick. 

Carney,  Patrick. 

Haynes,  Daniel. 

Murray,  Bernard. 

Carroll,  Michael. 

Hourigan,  Timothy. 

O'Conor,  Charles. 

Chase,  Nelson,  Mrs 

Johnson,  Mrs. 

O'Hallaran,  J. 

Cody,  James. 

Kane,  L. 

O'Hara,  Mrs. 

Connelly  J.  S.,  Mrs 

King,  James. 

Russell,  James. 

Connelly,  Chas.  M., 

Mrs.    Loughrane,  Michael. 

Rogers,  Mrs. 

Corbit,  John. 

McCaffery,  Thomas. 

Scallon,  Ann,  Mrs. 

Corkery,  Daniel. 

McCarthy,  J. 

Scallon,  Bridget,  Mrs. 

Coughlin,  P. 

McCormac,  Hugh. 

Whelan,  Mrs. 

Crowley,  Edward. 

McDonald,  Barthol. 

Winters,  Patrick. 

Devlin,  John. 

McDonald,  William. 

CHUKCHEf  OF  ST.  ELIZABETH  AND  ST.  JOHN.       271 
EEV.   HENRY  A.   BRANN,   D.D., 

PASTOR    OF    ST.    ELIZABETH'S   AND    ST.   JOHN'S. 


REV.  HENRY  A.  BRANN,  D.D.,  the  present  pas- 
tor of  Fort  Wasliington  and  Kingsbrldge,  was 
born  on  Augaist  15,  1837,  in  Parkstown,  County  Meatli, 
Ireland.  He  came  as  a  boy  to  this  country  with  his 
parents.  His  classical  studies  were  made  in  St.  Mary's 
College,  Wilmington,  Delaware,  and  in  St.  Francis  Xa- 
vier's  College,  West  Fifteenth  Street,  New  York,  where  he 
was  graduated  in  1857.  He  was  originally  intended  for 
the  law ;  but  an  accident  in  which  he  was  nearly  killed, 
by  the  falling  of  a  house  in  Jersey  City,  during  a 
thunder-storm,  turned  his  mind  to  the  more  holy  calling 
of  the  priesthood.  He  went  to  the  Seminary  of  St. 
Sulpice,  Paris,  in  the  fall  of  1857,  where  he  remained 
tln-ee  years.  He  then  went  to  the  American  College, 
Rome,  and  was  ordained  its  fii-st  priest  by  Cardinal 
Patrizzi,    on   June    14,    1862. 

Dr.  Brann,  on  an-iving  from  Rome,  in  August,  1862, 
was  appointed  Vice-President  of  Seton  Hall  College,  and 
Professor  of  Dogmatic  Theology  in  the  seminary  con- 
nected with  it.  This  position  he  held  for  two  years. 
He  then  became  assistant  in  St.  Mary's,  and  afterwards  in 
St.   Peter's    Chm'ch,   Jersey   City.     He   was   appointed   pas- 


272       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

tin-  of  Fort  Lee  in  May,  18G(J.  In  this  parish  he  Ijuilt 
the  Cliureli  of  St.  CeciHa,  Englewood,  and  the  Church  of 
the  Holy  Trinity,  Hackensack.  In  August,  1867,  during 
tlie  absence  of  Bishop  Bayley  in  Euroi)e,  lie  came  to 
New  York  and  joined  the  Paulist  Fathers.  At  the  m-gent 
entreaty  of  the  late  Bishop  Wlielan,  he  went  to  him  as 
Director  of  the  Seminary  and  preacher  of  the  cathedral 
in  Wheelinti:,  where  he  remained  for  two  A'ears.  Return- 
ing  to  New  York,  the  Cardinal  appointed  him,  in  (Jcto- 
her,  1870,  to  succeed  the  Rev.  Cornelius  O'Callaghan  as 
pastor  of  Fort  Washington  ;ind  Kingsbridge.  Besides 
building  churches,  I)r.  Brann  has  written  many  essays, 
lectures,  and  translations  published  in  various  reviews  and 
magazines.  He  has  also  ^^•ritten  two  metaphysical  works — 
"  Curious  Questions,"  and  "  Truth  and  Error."  A  transla- 
tion of  the  Abbe  Hulot's  very  se^•ere  book  on  "  Danc- 
ing," published  by  Donahoe  of  Boston ;  and  a  translation 
of  Toepffer's  pretty  little  novelette,  called  "  The  Inherit- 
ance," published  by  Sadlier  of  New  York,  are  among  the 
earliest   productions    of    Dr.    Brann's    pen. 


cnUKCH    OF    THE    EPIPHANY. 

Jg  SECOND  AVENUE. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  EPIPHANY  OF  OUR  LORD. 

SECOND     AVENUE. 


SINCE  his  promotion  to  tlie  See  of  New  York, 
his  Eminence  Cardinal  McCloskey  has  hibored  to 
increase  the  number  of  the  city  chm-ches,  to  relieve 
those  already  existing-,  which  had  become  overcrowded  at 
every  mass.  By  reducing  the  size  of  the  parochial  dis- 
tricts, the  clergy  could  better  attend  to  the  wants  of  the 
faithful,  and  learn  to  know  not  only  those  who  came 
spontaneously  to  the  offices  of  the  Church  and  the  duties 
of  relis'ion,  bu^t  also  the  careless  and  indifferent  —  those 
lured  away  by  a  false  pride  or  tempted  by  the  wretched 
proselytizers   who   traffic   in   men's   souls. 

Carrying  out  this  jDlan,  he  laid  oif  as  a  new  parish 
the  district  between  Broadway  and  the  East  River,  ex- 
tending from  the  northerly  side  of  Fourteenth  Street  to 
the  southerly  side  of  Twenty-fourth  Street.  The  Rev. 
Dr.  R.  L.  Burtsell  asked  permission  to  begin  in  this 
field  the  mission  work  for  which  he  had  shown  himself 
eminently  fitted  while  acting  as  assistant  at  St.  Ann's 
Church.  He  was  accordingly  assigned  to  it  in  1868,  and 
having  obtained  a  lease  of  the  hall  and  basement  of  the 
Demilt    Dispensary,    situated    on    the    corner    of    Twenty- 


CHURCir  OF  THE  KPIPIIANY  OF  OUU  L()l!l).  275 

third  Street  and  Second  Avenue,  fitted  it  up  as  a  chapel, 
and  inaugurated  the  parish  on  the  eve  of  Epiphany,  Jan- 
uary   5th,    1868,    by    celebrating    High    Mass. 

Zealously  discharging  his  duty  to  the  flock  here 
gathered,  and  to  whom  he  ministered  in  this  temporary 
chapel  for  two  years,  he.  began  to  collect  means  for  the 
pui'chase  of  land  and  the  erection  of  a  suitable  church. 
Heading  the  list  with  his  own  subscription  of  one  thou- 
sand dollars,  he  found  many  ready  to  contribute  to  the 
good  Avork  and  loth  to  be  outdone  by  him  in  charity. 
Money  flowed  in  so  that  in  one  year  his  collections 
amounted  to  $44,545  —  St.  Stephen's,  St.  Ann's,  and  the 
Church  of  the  Immaculate  Conception  generously  aiding 
the   good   work. 

In  1868  seven  lots  were  purchased — three  on  Second 
Avenue,  for  thirty-seven  thousand  five  lumdred  dollars, 
and  subsequently,  to  increase  the  length  of  the  sacred 
edifice,  three  additional  lots  on  Twenty-second  Street  and 
one  on  Twenty-first  Street.  The  foundation  was  traced  out 
for  a  church  to  front  on  Second  Avenue.  The  founda- 
tion walls  soon  began  to  rise,  to  the  joy  of  the  people, 
and  every  preparation  was  made  to  invest  the  laying  of 
the  comer-stone  with  interest.  On  the  appointed  day, 
May  30,  1869,  the  scene  around  the  new  church  was 
picturesque  in  the  extreme.  Flags  and  banners  were  hung 
out  on  all  sides.  Crowds  gathered  in  dense  masses, 
societies    from   many   different    chm'ches    coming    to   honor 


276  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

tlie  occasion ;  but  when  the  procession  appeared,  led  by 
the  Sodahty  of  the  Holy  Angels — a  hundred  young  maidens 
in  spotless  white — all  was  hushed;  after  the  processional 
cross  and  tapers  came  the  acolytes,  a  numerous  atten- 
dance of  clergy,  and  the  mitred  Archbishoj)  bearing  liis 
crosier.  In  this  order  they  moved  to  the  platform  where 
the  future  altar  was  to  stand.  Then  -w-ith  Very  Rev. 
William  Starrs,  V.G.,  as  assistant,  Dr.  McSweeny  as 
deacon,  and  Rev.  Mr.  Loughran  as  subdeacon,  the  cere- 
monial began,  and  the  circuit  of  the  new  church  was 
made,  the  chant  of  the  ancient  psalm,  Quam  Dilecta,  re- 
sponded by  the  attendant  clergy.  After  the  prayer  Domine 
Deus,  the  Archbishop  blessed  the  corner-stone  and  recited 
the  collect  asking  God  to  confirm  the  stone  thus  laid  in 
His  name.  Then  he  sprinkled  it  with  holy  water  and 
traced  crosses  upon  its  surface.  After  the  Litany  of  the 
Saints  and  tlie  appropriate  126th  Psalm,  a  box  containing 
memorials  was  placed  beneath  the  stone,  including  a  parch- 
ment thus  inscribed :  "  Pio  Nono  Summo  Pontifice,  uni- 
versam  ecclesiam  Dei  regente,  Provinciarum  Foederatarum 
Americse  Septentrionalis  Ulysse  S.  Grant,  Prteside,  Joanne 
T.  Hoffman  Provinciae  Neo  Eboracensis  Gubernatore; 
Urbis  prsefecto  A.  Oakey  Hall ;  Illmus  ac  Revmus  Joan- 
nes McCloskey,  Archiepiscopus  Neo  Eboracensis,  templi 
svib  invocatione  Epiphanise  Domini  Nosti'i  Jesu  Christi  et 
jjrotectione  SS.  Magorum,  curae  pastorali  Richardi  L.  Bm"t- 
sell    commissi,  oratore    Rev.   Guglielmo    Morrogh,    die    30mo 


CHUUCJli  OF  TUE  Kl'li'llAW   OF  OUll  L(MIL).  277 

Maij,  auspice  Maria  Virgine,  anno  salutis  18G0  primum 
lapidem  in  fundamentum   posuit." 

Then  the  stone  was  laid  in  its  place  with  prayer 
and  again  sprinkled  with  holy  water,  and  the  procession 
moved    on    with    solemn    chant. 

An  eloquent  discom'se  was  then  delivered  by  the 
Rev.  Dr.  ]\Iorrogh,  in  which  he  noted  especially  the  pe- 
culiar and  beautiful  title  of  the  Epiphany,  which  the 
chui'ch  was  to  bear.  Then,  with  the  blessing  of  the 
Most    Reverend    Archbishop,    the    vast    crowd    retired. 

The  church  thus  auspiciously  begun  under  the  protec- 
tion of  the  Tlu-ee  Holy  Kings  —  Gaspar,  Melchior,  and 
Balshasar,  as  tradition  has  given  their  names  —  went 
rapidly   up,    thi'ough   the    quickening   zeal    of  the  pastor. 

It  was  to  be  of  no  mean  proportions,  with  a  front  of 
sixty-six  feet  on  Second  Avenue,  and  a  corresponding  depth 
of  one  hvindi-ed  and  forty-five  feet.  The  style  of  archi- 
tecture adopted  was  the  Lombard,  which  in  its  pm'est  forms 
was  produced  in  northern  Italy  in  the  twelfth  and  thir- 
teenth centuries.  It  has  seldom  been  copied  in  tliis  coun- 
tiy,  but   the  selection  justifies   the  taste  of  the    clergyman. 

The  basement  story  is  of  Quincy  granite,  and  the 
superstructm-e  of  Ohio  and  Belleville  sandstone.  The 
tower  at  the  south-east  angle  is  surmounted  by  a  cross, 
wliich  is  one  hundred  and  twenty-five  feet  above  the 
l)asement.  A  wide  flight  of  steps  leads  up  gradually  to 
a    wide   porch,  twelve   feet  deep   and   thirty  feet   long,  sup- 


278  CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

ported  upon  arcade  ^^iers  and  giving  access  to  tlie  nave. 
The  interior  will  seat  sixteen  hundred  and  fifty  persons, 
and  accommodate  comfortably  two  thousand.  With  the 
usual  series  of  masses  on  Sundays  and  holidays,  all  the 
faithful  in  the  parish  are  thus  enabled  to  fulfill  the  ab- 
solute   obligation    of  hearing   mass. 

The  architect,  Mr.  N.  Le  Brun,  succeeded  in  combin- 
ing great  elegance  with  the  reqiiirements  of  the  parish, 
making  it  commodious  without  marring  its  beauty,  and 
truly  ecclesiastical  in  its  general  scope  and  in  the  more 
minute   details. 

Nothing  occurred  to  thwart  the  pious  desires  of  the 
priest  and  people.  The  Church  of  the  Epiphany  rose 
like  a  beautiful  tree,  showing  that  with  God's  blessing 
they    had  not   labored    in    vain    that    built   it. 

The  solemn  dedication  took  place  on  the  3d  of 
April,  1870.  The  Very  Rev.  William  Starrs,  Vicar  Gen- 
eral of  the  diocese,  officiated,  assisted  by  the  Rev.  Messrs. 
Burtsell,  Loughran,  McSweeny,  McGlynn,  McCarthy,  Healy, 
Bodfish,  and  others  representing  the  clergy  of  the  diocese. 
After  making  the  circuit  of  the  church  without,  the  pro- 
cession, led  by  the  Sodality  of  the  Blessed  Virgin,  en- 
tered the  main  door  and  moved  up  the  middle  aisle, 
chanting  the  Litany  of  the  Saints.  Again  the  long  line 
passed  around  the  walls  of  tlie  church  within,  sprinkling 
and  blessing  it,  and  the  celebrant  concluded  the  cere- 
monial   with    the    prayer    of    dedication. 


GllLUCli  UF  THE  EPIPHA^V  OF  OLll  J-()K1>.  279 

Then    the    altar    was    adorned,    and   the    Rev.    Dr.    Mc- 
Glynn    of    St.   Stephen's    Churcli    offered   a   Solemn    High 
Mass,    with   Dr.   MeSweeny   as    deacon    and   the    Rev.    Mr. 
Louglu-an    of    the     Epiphany    as   subdeacon.      The     sermon 
was    preached    by   the    Rev.   Thomas    S.    Preston    of     St. 
Ann's   Chnrch,    taking   as   his   text   the   words  of   the  Wise 
Men,    those    sainted    Kings   of    the    East:     "Where    is   he 
that   is   born    King   of    the   Jews!     For   we   have  seen  his 
star   in    the   east    and   have    come  to  adore    him."      Unfold- 
ing  the   lessons   tanght   by   the   taith  and  courage  of  these 
holy   pilgrims,    he     appealed    to    his    hearers   to   make  use 
of    the    additional    opportunity   now    held   out   to    them   to 
live    a   Ufe    of    grace    and  walk    constantly  in    the   fear    of 
God;    to    be   Catholics  in  fact— not  in  name    alone,  but  in 
pi.j.etice— and    thus    to   do    their  part  in   stemming   the  tide 
of    infidelit}'    that     threatens    to    undermine     the    Clu-istian 
Church,    and    to   do   all    in    their    power   to    save    this,    the 
land   of  their  love— for  whose  prosperity  they  would  will- 
ingly lay  down  their  lives— from  the   terrible   consequences 
that   ensue   to    every   nation   that   forgets   God   and    spurns 

His    di\ane    law. 

The  parish  is  still  under  the  care  of  the  Rev.  Dr. 
Burtsell,  who  has  been  assisted  from  time  to  time  by 
other  priests,  among  whom  may  be  mentioned  the  Rev. 
P.    Loughran,    who    was    curate    for   about    eight   years. 

In  1809,  a  parochial  free  school  was  inaugurated  in 
a  house,  23G   East  Twenty-second  Street,  belonging  to  the 


280  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

church.  About  thi-ee  hundred  and  tliirty  scholars  attended. 
Owing  to  the  great  expenses  of  the  erection  of  the  church, 
the  school  was  discontinued  after  a  severe  struggle  of 
three    years. 

Not  to  allow  the  cliildi-en's  religious  education  to  be 
neglected,  in  September,  1873,  a  more  thorough  system 
was  inaugurated  in  regard  to  the  Sunday-school,  at  which 
some  nine  hundred  childi'en  had  been  in  regular  attend- 
ance since  the  formation  of  the  parish.  For  this  purpose 
Clu'istian  doctrine  classes  were  formed  on  three  evenings 
diuing   the   week,   from  seven   to   eight  o'clock. 

On  Tuesday,  the  pastor  gave  an  instruction  to  all 
cliildi"en  who  had  been  confirmed   and  were  over  fom-teen. 

On  Wednesday,  one  of  the  assistant  priests  instructed 
the   girls   between   ten   and   fourteen   years. 

On  Thursday,  the  other  assistant  priest  instructed  the 
boys   between   ten   and   fom-teen   years. 

This  system  has  been  found  very  successful.  Of  the 
six  hundi-ed  childi-en  that  attend  these  classes,  upwards 
of  tln-ee  hundi'ed  and  fifty  are  monthly  communicants, 
and  the  regularity  and  attendance  at  the  classes  have 
increased   each   year. 

In  February,  1871,  the  Redemptorists  gave  a  mission 
of  thi-ee  weeks.  About  six  thousand  approached  the  sac- 
raments. In  February,  1874,  the  Dominicans  gave  a 
three  weeks'  mission,  hearing  about  five  thousand  five 
hundred  confessions.     And  in   February,  1877,  the  Paulists, 


OHlUiOII   OF  'J'llK   KI'll'IIANV   OF  Ol  U,  LOiU).  2.SI 

ill  a  two  weeks'  luissiou,  enabled  about  five  thousand  to 
approach  the    Holy    Table. 

In  1876,  R.  L.  Burtsell  paid  a  visit  to  the  Holy 
See,  and,  in  an  audience  with  the  Holy  Father,  Pius  IX., 
obtained  a  special  j)leiiary  indulgence  for  the  parish  of 
the  I'j})i])hauy ;  and  in  Lyons,  France,  purchased  splendid 
church  vestments,  superior  to  any  known  in  the  United 
States,    for   the    Church    of  the    Epiphany. 

In  the  year  1868,  the  pastor,  Di\  Biu'tsell,  made  a 
personal  census  of  parishioners,  taking  all  the  adults' 
names  and  the  number  of  the  cliildi'en,  and  found  within 
the  parish  limits  nine  thousand  nine  hundred  and  sixty- 
eight  Catholics.  The  parish  limits  then  extended  from 
the  north  side  of  Eighteenth  Street  to  the  south  side  of 
Twenty-fourth  Street,  from  Fourth  Avenue  to  the  East 
River.  About  1876  the  parish  was  extended  to  Broadway. 
Hence  at  the  present  day,  owing  to  the  extension  of  the 
parish  limits  and  accession  of  Catholics  to  the  district, 
the  parish  of  the  Epiphany  holds  probably  at  jjresent 
about    eleven   thousand    Catholics. 

The  exterior  of  the  church  is  one  hundred  and  forty- 
five  feet  long  by  seventy-five  feet  front;  the  interior  is 
about  one  hundred  and  thirty  feet  long  by  sixty-tlu-ee 
feet  wide,  and  has  a  seating  capacity  of  one  thousand 
six  hundred  and  fifty  persons ;  admitting  about  five  hun- 
dred   and   fifty    more    standing. 


282 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


R 


OLL     OF 


H 


ONOR. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  EPIPHANY  OF  OUR  LORD. 


Ahem,  Philip. 
Bergin,  Thomas. 
Boyle,  Richard. 
Brady,  Marcus. 
Brady,  Terence. 
Brannigan,  James. 
Capper,  Edward  J. 
Carroll,  John  M. 
Cooke,  Charles. 
Corrigan,  John. 
Cotteleer,  Ann,  Mrs. 
Courtney,  Patrick. 
Coyle,  Patrick. 
Creeden,  Timothy  J. 
Cronan,  John. 
Delaney,  James. 
Delaney,  Dennis. 
Delany,  Daniel. 
Dempsey,  Owen. 
Donohue,  John. 
Donohue,  Timothy. 
Donovan,  Michael. 
Duane,  John  E. 
Duffy,  John. 
Farrell,  Michael  J. 
Fitzgibbon,  Michael. 


Fitzgibbons,  Morris. 
Fitzsimons,  Garrett. 
Fox,  Ann. 
Generty,  Joseph. 
Goodwin,  Samuel. 
Graban,  Henry. 
Green,  Edward. 
Hanley,  John  T. 
Kedian,  James. 
Kelly,  Lewis  J.,  Mrs. 
Kelly,  Patrick. 
Keveny,  Martin  J. 
Kiernan,  Hugh. 
Lannigan,  James. 
Ledwith,  Edward. 
McCarthy,  John. 
McCauly,  Francis. 
McCluskey,  Joseph. 
McCormick,  Patrick. 
McDermott,  Patrick. 
McDonald,  Edward. 
McDonald,  John. 
McDonnell,  Ann,  Mrs. 
McGann,  Patrick. 
McGuiness,  Denis. 
Maheer,  Eliza. 
Moore,  James. 


Moore,  Jane,  Mrs. 
Mullane,  John. 
Murtagh,  Patrick. 
O'Brien,  Francis. 
O'Brien,  Richard. 
O'Brien,  William. 
O'Connor,  Charles. 
O'Connor,  David. 
O'Connor,  Joseph  G. 
O'Neil,  Charles. 
O'Neil,  CorneHus. 
Pagan,  William. 
Power,  John. 
Purcell,  James. 
Purcell,  Francis  R. 
Reilly,  James. 
Reisenweber,  George  C. 
Rourke,  Francis. 
Scanlon,  John. 
Smith,  Peter. 
Tiraoney,  John. 
Trainor,  James  J. 
Torpey,  William. 
Tynan,  Laughlin. 
Ward,  John. 
Willis,  Edward. 


£' <^-    l&u^^ilC 


CHUIICII  OF  THE  EPIPHANY  OF  OUR  LORD.  283 


THE    REV.    RICHARD    LALOR    BURTSELL, 

PASTOR   OF    THE    CHURCH    OF    THE    EPIPHANY. 


RICHARD  LALOR  BURTSELL  was  born  April  14, 
1840,  in  New  York  City,  and  baptized  in  St. 
Mar}'s  Cbnrch  by  the  Rev.  AValter  Quarter,  receiving  the 
name  of  Richard  Lalor  in  remembrance  of  his  paternal 
HTand-uncle. 

His  father,  Jolni  Low  Burtsell,  was  of  a  family 
resident  in  New  York  City  for  over  a  century ;  whose 
mother,  Mary  Lalor,  was  a  cousin  of  the  Miss  Lalor 
who  introduced    the  Visitation    nuns  into  the  United  States. 

His  mother,  Dorothea  IMorrogli,  of  Cork  City,  Ire- 
land, was  related  b}'  lilood  to  the  O'Donoghues  and  by 
kinship  to  the  O'Connells  of  Kerry;  and  on  her  mother's 
side  related  to  the  Plowdens  of  Shropshire,  England, 
known  for  their  stauncli  adherence  to  the  Catholic  faith 
since  the  Refoniitition  of  Hemy  VIII.  Her  grandfotlier, 
Francis    Plowden,    Avrote    the    "  History    of  Ireland." 

R.  L.  Burtsell,  about  1847,  went  to  the  school  of 
the  Sisters  of  Charity  attached  to  St.  Peter's  Church  in 
Barclay  Street,  then  to  the  French  school  attached  to  St. 
Vincent  de  Paul's  in  Canal  Street;  about  1849  to  the 
Jesuits'   College   in   Tiiird  Avenue,   and   continued   to   attend 


284  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

it  when  it  was  transfeiTed  to  Fifteenth  Street ;  in  1851 
he  proceeded  to  the  Sulpitian  College,  Montreal,  Cnnada. 
To  complete  his  theological  course  he  was  sent,  in  1853, 
to  the  College  of  the  Propaganda  in  Rome,  Ital}',  as 
convictor.  He  became  an  akimnus  of  the  Propaganda  in 
1857;  there  he  took  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Philoso- 
phy in  1858,  and  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Theology  in 
1862;  was  ordained  priest  in  the  Church  of  the  Propa- 
ganda by  Mgr.  Clementi,  Archbishop  of  Damascus,  in 
partihis  injideliuiii,  and  Nuncio  to  Mexico,  on  August  lOtli, 
1862.  He  said  first  mass  on  the  Feast  of  the  Assump- 
tion following.  On  August  17th,  he  was  admitted  to  a 
private  audience  of  the  Holy  Father,  Pius  IX.,  who, 
after  granting  many  privileges,  gave  him  also  a  special 
blessing,  in  his  own  liandAvriting,  in  these  words :  "  Dom- 
inus  dirigat  gressus  tuos,  aiid  sit  semper  in  ore  tuo." 
(May  the  Lord  guide  thy  steps,  and  be  always  on  thy 
lips.)  The  Rev.  Dr.  Burtsell  left  Rome  for  tlie  United 
States  on  August  20th,  1862,  and  on  arriving  in  his 
native  country  was,  in  November,  1862,  appointed  as- 
sistant  at    St.    Ann's    Church,    Astor    Place. 

In  1876  the  Rev.  Dr.  Bvxrtsell  paid  a  \'isit  to  Rome, 
and  in  an  audience  with  the  Holy  Father  obtained  a 
special   plenary   indulgence    for   the   parish    of   Epiphany. 


CHURCH  OF  SATNT  FRANCIS  OF  A.SSISI. 

WEST    TIUIiXY-FIKST    STREET. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  FRANCIS  OF  ASSISI. 

THIRTY-FIRST   STREET,   BETWEEN    SIXTH    AND    SEVENTH   AVENUES. 


THE  Church  of  St.  John  the  Baptist  had  been  es- 
tabhshed  on  the  western  side  of  the  city  for  the 
Cathohcs  near  the  banks  of  the  Hudson,  but  tares  had 
been  sown  among  the  wheat;  dissensions  and  a  want  of 
harmony  retarded  the  progress  of  the  faith,  and  proved 
a  stumbhng-block  to  many.  This  finally  led  to  a  division 
of  the  congregation.  In  the  year  1844,  the  pastor  of  St. 
John's,  the  Rev.  Father  Zachary  Kunz  of  the  Order  of  St. 
Francis,  from  the  Province  of  the  Immaculate  Conception 
in  Hungary,  resolved  to  establish  a  new  church  where 
part  of  the  old  congregation  might  find  more  consola- 
tion and  peace.  The  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  approved 
the  project,  and  Father  Kunz  prepared  to  begin  a  new 
church.  A  fitting  lot  was  soon  procured  in  Thirty-first 
Sti-eet,   between    Sixth    and    Seventh   Avenues. 

The  comer-stone  was  laid  in  tlie  year  1844,  with  the 
usual  ceremonies,  and  a  modest  but  solid  little  church  was 
erected  before  the  end  of  summer,  and  it  was  solemnly 
dedicated  to  the  service  of  Almighty  God  on  tlie  1st  day 
of  August,  under  the  invocation  of  the  serapliic  St.  Francis 
of  Assisi,  the  holy  founder  of  the  Friars  ]\Iinor.    The  Right 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  FRANCIS  OF  ASSISI.  287 

Rev.  John  McCloskey,  the  coadjutor  bishop,  officiiited,  as- 
sisted b}'  the  pastor  and  sevei'al  other  clergymen.  After 
the  rite  of  dedication  a  sermon  was  deHvered  by  tlie  Rev. 
Father  Rnmpler,  in  German,  followed  by  a  discom-se  in 
English  by  the  prelate  still  among  us,  whom  Ave  are  proud 
to   honor    as    a    Cardinal   of  the    Holy    Clnu-ch. 

It  was  well  indeed  in  oiu'  great  commercial  city, 
where  men  are  so  carried  away  by  the  insane  desire  for 
wealth  that  they  lose  religion,  honor,  and  honest}',  to  have 
proposed  as  a  model  one  who,  in  an  age  when  trade 
seemed  to  absorb  all  minds,  renomiced  the  Avealth  of  his 
father,  a  merchant  prince  of  his  day,  and  all  the  flatter- 
ing future  before  him,  to  become  poor  and  luunble  for 
Christ's    sake. 

John  Bernardon  obtained  the  name  of  Francis  from 
his  early  proficiency  in  French,  acquired  to  insure  greater 
success  in  conducting  trade  with  France.  Brought  up  in 
wealth,  taught  to  look  forward  to  wealth,  he  early  felt  to 
use  it  only  to  relieve  the  poor,  and  sought  to  Ijecome 
poor  to  follow  Our  Lord,  who  was  the  poorest  <tf  the 
poor.  Rejected  by  his  father,  he  devoted  himself  to  the 
care  of  the  sick,  and  to  repairing  churches  by  soliciting 
alms.  lie  thus  repaired  the  little  church  of  Our  Lady  of 
the  Angels,  Portiimcula,  which  became  his  residence.  Here 
others  joined  him,  and  the  Order  of  Friars  ^Minor  arose 
on  the  IGth  of  August,  1209.  It  has  filled  the  world 
with   the    odor  of  its  virtues,  its  many   saints  in    all   orders 


288  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

and  ranks.  To  America  it  gave  some  of  its  earliest  and 
most  devoted  missionaries.  They  were  among  the  first 
and  noblest  pioneers  of  the  faith  in  our  territory ;  more 
than  half  the  heroic  men  who  laid  down  their  lives  for 
the  faith  within  the  limits  of  the  United  States  having 
been    sons    of   St.  Francis    of  Assisi. 

If  the  Saint  loved  poverty,  he  must  have  loved  the 
church  in  his  honor  in  our  city,  for  its  early  history  is 
a  history  of  struggle  and  poverty.  Yet  it  had  consola- 
tions. On  the  10th  of  September,  1847,  the  eve  of  the 
feast  of  St.  Francis,  the  Rt.  Rev.  Bishop  Hughes  blessed 
a  bell  for  the  church,  thenceforth  to  ring  out  the  An- 
gelus.  It  was  the  third  Catholic  bell  in  the  city,  and 
the  second  to  ring  the  thrice  daily  devotion  of  Catho- 
licity. The  next  day  the  Bishop  gave  confirmation  to  a 
hundred  children  of  the  parish.  A  procession  met  him 
outside  the  door  of  the  chm-ch,  the  members  of  the 
Third    Order    of   St.    Francis,    with    lighted   tapers. 

Its  reverend  founder,  Father  Zacharias,  continued  to 
administer  its  aff"airs  till  1848,  when  he  was  succeeded 
by  the  Rev.  Father  Alexander  Martin,  of  the  same  order, 
who,  after  spending  several  years  in  the  Holy  Laud,  and 
especially  in  the  Chm-ch  of  the  Holy  Sepulclue  at  Jeru- 
salem, came  to  this  country.  He  was  a  pious  and  devoted 
priest,  and  during  the  prevalence  of  the  cholera  nearly 
fell  a  victim  to  it  —  the  Rev.  Mr.  Bayley,  afterwards 
Archbishop    of  Baltimore,    calling   one    day   on   him,    found 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  FUANCI8  OF  ASSISI.  2«U 

him  ill  ;i  state  of  collapse.  Overcoming  sonic  of  tlie 
difficulties,  he  began  to  enlarge  the  front  of  the  church, 
retaining  the  rear  portion  of  the  old  structure  till  Ijetter 
times  slioiild  enable  this  to  be  rebuilt  in  a  better  and 
more  enduring  form.  By  this  enlargement  he  gained 
much  space  for  the  accommodation  of  his  parishioners, 
who,  as  the  buildings  increased  in  that  part  of  the  city, 
began  to  fill  the  church  beyond  its  means ;  the  devo- 
tion of  many  English-speaking  Catholics  to  the  great 
St.  Francis  and  his  order  leading  them  to  make  this 
cIuutIi    their   special   resort. 

The  churcli,  as  thus  enlarged  and  renovated  so  as 
to  be  a  commodious  edifice  sixty-four  feet  wide  by  one 
hundi-ed  and  fifty  in  depth,  was  solemnly  dedicated  by 
his  Grace  Archbishop  Hughes,  on  Monday,  March  28th, 
1853. 

The  Rev.  Father  Alexander  retired  in  the  year  1855, 
and  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  appointed  as  pastor 
the  Rev.  C.  Frederic  Rudolph,  a  priest  of  the  Diocese  of 
Mentz  in  Germany.  He  directed  the  parish  till  18()4,  and 
was  much  respected  and  beloved  by  the  fait]  if ul  under 
his  charge.  Zealous  to  add  to  the  dignity  of  divine 
worship,  he  erected  a  spire  on  the  church,  and  gave  it 
tlaree  bells,  whose  chimes  should  ring  out  the  Angelus 
and    call    the   faithful  to    the    service    of  the    Almighty. 

The    death    of    Rev.    Mr.     Rudolpli,    in    his    fifty-ninth 

yeai-,     June    15,    1864,    left    the    church    without    a    pas- 
19 


290  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

tor,  and  as  the  Franciscans  had  so  increased  in  the 
United  States,  especially  since  their  introduction  from 
Italy  into  Western  New  York  as  to  form  a  province, 
the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  McCloskey  resolved  to 
confide  the  church  to  the  order  founded  by  its  holy 
patron.  The  Provincial,  then  the  learned  Rev.  Father 
Pamfilo  da  Magliano,  known  as  an  ecclesiastical  writer 
and  prudent  superior,  accepted  the  charge,  and  selected 
the  Rev.  Father  Andrew  Pfeiffer,  O.S.F.,  to  assume  the 
direction  of  the  chm'ch,  which  then  became  really  Fran- 
ciscan. He  was  also  Guardian  of  the  Convent,  in  which, 
from  time  to  time,  other  Fathers  came  to  labor  under 
liim. 

One  of  the  first  efforts  of  Father  Andi'ew  was  to 
put  the  parochial  schools  on  a  better  basis.  There  had 
been  a  school  for  boys ;  to  this  he  gave  new  life,  and 
for  the  girls  he  introduced  into  his  parish  the  Missionary 
Sisters  of  the  Tliird  Order  of  St.  Francis,  tlu-ee  of 
whom  arrived  from  T}to1  on  the  5th  of  December,  1866, 
to  begin  their  good  work.  For  them  he  erected  a  suit- 
able home  adjoining  the  church,  at  No.  99  West  Thirty- 
fii'st  Street.  The  fii'st  year  they  could  report  one 
hundred  and  twenty-seven  girls,  the  pupils  in  the  boys' 
school  numbering  eighty.  Their  pupils  now  number  more 
than  tlu'ee  hundi'ed  girls,  and  the  department  for  the 
boys,  under  a  Brother  of  the  Third  Order,  shows  a  simi- 
lar  increase. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  FRANCIS  OF  ASSl.Sl.  2!)1 

In  1870  the  Rev.  Eugene  Dikovicli  became  Guar- 
dian of  tlie  Franciscan  Convent  and  pastor  of  St.  Francis. 
He  renovated  the  church,  both  exterior  and  interior,  and 
hopes  soon  to  replace  the  still  existing-  part  of  the  old 
edifice    by    a    more    worthy    structure. 

The  congregation  is  not  by  any  means  a  large  one, 
nor  does  it  number  many  on  whom  Providence  has 
showered  wealth  with  a  hand  of  2ii"<jfiision ;  but  they 
generally  feel  that  their  patron  saint  should  be  honored 
in  this  great  city  by  an  edifice  grander  in  its  propor- 
tions   and    design. 

This  they  hope  in  time  to  accomplish,  and  with  the 
self-sacrificing  body  of  clerg}-  at  their  head,  this  great 
result  will  probably  be  attained  ere  many  years  have 
passed. 

But  whatever  the  futm-e  may  bring  forth,  the  pres- 
ent pastor  feels  it  incumbent  on  him  to  do  all  in  his 
power  to  render  the  church  and  all  its  appurtenances 
fitted    to    accomplish    all    that    any    parish    can    require. 

In  this  view  he  has  already  done  much  to  show 
that  the  Cluu'ch  of  St.  Francis  is  fully  sensible  of  every 
want  and  prepared  to  meet  it.  With  n  congregation  thus 
holding  up  the  pastor's  hands,  half  the  battle  is  already 
won.  Aided  by  the  generosity  of  his  flock,  the  Rev. 
Eugene  Dikovich  has  added  a  new  and  fine  organ,  to 
give  the  music  of  the  church  due  solenuiity  and  effect 
in    the    various    offices    of    rellLaon.     He    has    also    erected 


292  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

a  new  parochial  school-house,  adapted  to  the  wants  of  lus 
parish,    and    well    supplied    with    all    requisites. 

This  church  has  connected  with  it  the  Third  Order 
of  St.  Francis,  a  religious  order  instituted  hy  St.  Francis 
for  persons  living-  in  the  world.  It  is  termed  the  Third 
Order  —  that  of  the  Friars  Minor  being  the  first ;  that  of 
the  Nuns  or  Poor  Clares  being  the  second.  It  has  been 
encom-aged  by  the  Sovereign  Pontiffs,  and  has  numbered 
in  its  members  some  of  the  most  illustrious  Catholic  names 
in  all  countries  —  kings  and  cpieens,  statesmen,  writers, 
artistS;    soldiers,    who    all    died    in   the   habit  of   St.  Francis. 

There  are  also  established  in  the  congregation  of  St. 
Francis  of  Assisi,  Rosary,  Pm-gatorian,  and  Altar  socie- 
ties; as  well  as  associations  in  honor  of  St.  Anthony, 
St.  Peter,    and    St.  Henry. 


1^5^?^ 


^^<J^ 


CHUllCll  Oh'  .ST.  FRANCIS  OF  ASSISI.  293 


REV.    EUGENE    JOHN    DIKOVICII,    O.S.F., 

PASTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH  OF  ST.  FRANCIS  OF  ASSISI. 


THE  Reverend  Fatlier  of  tlie  Order  of  8t.  Francis 
who  noAv  directs  tlie  parisli  dedicated  to  tlie  lioly 
founder  of  tlie  Friars  Minor,  Rev.  Father  Eu<;-ene  Jolin 
Dikovich,  is  a  native  of  Hungary,  born  in  tlie  ( 'ounty  of 
Moson,    on   the  27th  of  January,    1841. 

After  .studying-  tlie  classics  with  the  Benedictine 
Fathers  of  Sopron,  he  entered  the  (_)rder  of  8t.  Francis 
on    the    llth    of    October,    1857. 

Here  he  pursued  the  usual  studies  to  fit  him  for 
the  priesthood,  had  completed  his  cour.se  oi'  jihilosophy, 
and  had  just  begun  his  theological  studies,  ^\hcn  he  was 
admitted  to  his  religious  profession  on  the  9tli  of  No- 
vember,   1862. 

Two  years  later  the  j'oung  friar  of  St.  Francis  re- 
ceived the  holy  order  of  priesthood,  on  the  feast  of 
Candlemas,  in  the  year  1864.  He  was  inimediatel}-  ap- 
pointed to  the  temporary  charge  of  several  parishes  in 
the  neighborhood  of  his  convent,  discharging  his  duties 
in    such    a    manner    as    to    commend    him    to    his    superiors. 

On     returning     to     his    convent    he    was    ajipointed     to 


294  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

deliver  the  Sunday  sermon  in  the  collegiate  church  in 
the  city  of  Tirnavia,  and  besides  discharging  the  duty 
thus  devolved  iipon  him  for  two  years,  he  gave  cate- 
chetical instruction  in  the  convent  school  of  the  Ursu- 
lines    in    tliat    city. 

The  same  honorary  post  of  Sunday  preacher  in  the 
convent  church  at  Strigonium  was  filled  by  Father 
Eugene  from  18G8  to  1870,  after  which  he  was  sent  by 
the  General  Superior  of  the  Franciscan  Order  to  the 
United    States,    and    attached    to    St.    Mary's    Province. 

In  the  new  field  thus  opened  to  his  zeal  he  did 
not  remain  inactive ;  he  was  soon  assigned  by  tlie  pro- 
vincial to  the  position  of  guardian  and  pastor  of  the 
convent  and  church  of  St.  Francis  of  Assisi,  in  West 
Thirty -first  Street.  His  ability  and  eloquence  have  made 
him  highly  esteemed,  and  the  church  prospers  under  his 
care.  His  associate  is  the  Rev.  Polycarp  Giith,  O.S.F.,  ex- 
Custos,  and  there  are  also  in  the  convent  two  lay  brothers. 
The  Very  Rev.  Charles  da  Nazzano,  O.S.F.,  for  several 
years  Provincial  of  the  American  Province  of  the  Immac- 
ulate   Conception,   also    resides    in    tliis    house. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  FRANCIS  XAVIER. 

WEST  SIXTEENTH  STREET. 


THE  Fathers  of  the  Society  of  Jesus  were,  in  the 
persons  of  the  heroic  priests — Isaac  Jognes,  Fran- 
cis Joseph  Bressani,  and  Simon  Le  Moyne — the  tirst  to 
visit  tlie  city  after  its  settlement  by  the  emigrants  from 
Netherland.  Tliey  were  the  first  to  estabhsli  Catliohc 
worship  and  a  CathoHc  institution  of  learning  here  in 
the  days  of  James  II.;  they  labored  earnesth'  here  as 
devoted  missionaries  and  able  educators  in  the  days  of 
Fenwick    and    Kohlman. 

In  the  year  1840,  the  late  Most  Reverend  Arch- 
bishop Hughes,  regretting  that  the  Diocese  of  Ne\\'  York 
had  ever  lost  the  services  of  an  order  so  intimately  con- 
nected with  the  earliest  efforts  of  the  Churcli  in  the 
city  and  State,  invited  to  Now  York  a  number  of  the 
Fathers  ^^■ho  l)elongod  to  the  Province  of  France,  and 
who  had  for  some  years  been  connected  with  the  Dio- 
cese of  Louisville.  He  confided  to  their  care  the  Col- 
lege of  St.  John,  which  he  liad  founded  at  Fordham, 
as  well  as  the  theological  seminary  established  at  the 
same   place. 

Their    zeal    souglit    also    a   field    in    the    City    of    New 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  FRANCIS  XAVIKII.  2!17 

York  as  missioiiers  and  teachers.  Encouraged  by  the 
Most  Reverend  Archbishop,  they  purchased  a  clnirch  on 
Khzabeth  Street  which  had  been  erected  and  used  by  a 
Protestant    (hMiouiination. 

This  edifice  was  thoroughly  repaired,  and  fitted  up 
ibr  a  C^athoHc  church,  chiefly  under  the  direction  of  the 
Rev.  Fatlier  Peter  Verheyden,  S.J.,  wlio  frescoed  the  in- 
terior in  a  most  artistic  numner.  This  new  church  was 
dedicated  on  Saturday,  July  31,  1847,  as  the  Church  of 
the  Holy  Name  of  Jesus,  by  the  Rt.  Rev.  John  McChis- 
key,  D.D.,  Bishop  of  Axiern  and  Coadjutor  to  the-  IJislioj) 
of  New  York.  The  Rt.  Rev.  AVilliam  Quarter,  D.D., 
l)ishop  of  Chicago,  also  took  part  in  the  ceremony,  as 
did  a  great  number  of  the  clergy  of  the  diocese.  After 
the  performance  of  the  ritual  of  dedication.  High  ]\[ass 
was  off"ered  ])ontifically  by  the  Bishop  of  Axiern,  now  a 
cardinal  of  the  Holy  Romnn  Church,  the  Rev.  William 
Starrs  of  St.  Mary's  being  assistant  priest,  the  Redemi)to- 
rist  Fatlier  Tappert,  deacon,  and  the  Rev.  Gabriel  Rump- 
ler,  subdoacon.  The  master  of  ceremonies  was  the  Pev. 
D.  "W.  l^acon,  subsequently  Bishop  of  Portland.  After 
the  gospel,  a  sermon  was  preached  by  the  (eloquent  Fatlier 
Ryder,  President  of  the  College  of  the  Holy  Cross, 
AVorcester,    IVIass. 

The  Jesuit  Fathers  fitted  up  the  basement  of  this 
church  for  an  academy,  the  nucleus  of  a  future  colleger, 
and    were    encouraged    with    the     hope    of    Iteing    able;     to 


298  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

find  scope  for  their  zeal.  But  their  anticipations  were 
rudely  dissipated.  On  the  22d  of  January,  1848,  the  fire, 
through  a  defective  flue,  made  its  way  between  the  plas- 
tering and  the  wall,  and  unperceived  sj^read  through  the 
whole  building,  till  it  found  vent  in  the  steeple,  where 
it  blazed  out  fiercely.  Then  it  was  too  late  to  save  the 
church,  which  was  soon  one  mass  of  flames,  burning  as 
long   as    there    was    any    fuel    to    feed    them. 

The  Church  of  the  Holy  Name  of  Jesus,  after  its 
brief  existence  of  about  six  months,  passed  from  the  list 
of  our   houses    of  worship. 

The  Jesuit  Fathers  did  not  rebuild  it,  and  for  some 
years  difficulties  impeded  the  commencement  of  a  neAv 
church  in  a  more  favorable  locality.  At  last,  in  1850, 
they  purchased  several  lots,  extending  from  Fifteenth  to 
Sixteenth  Street,  between  Fifth  and  Sixth  Avenues,  and 
began  to  erect  on  Fifteenth  Street  the  College  of  St. 
Francis  Xavier,  and  on  Sixteenth  Street  the  clnu-ch  of 
the  same  name.  The  project  and  the  execution  were 
due  in  a  great  degree  to  the  Rev.  Father  John  Ryan, 
who  had  already  erected  the  first  church  at  Yonkers. 
The  architect  was  Mr.  William  Rodrigue,  and  the  plan 
of  the  church  was  the  Roman,  Avhicli  has  always  been 
more  commonly  adopted,  in  chiu'ches  of  the  Society  of 
Jesus,    than    either    Gothic    or    Grecian. 

The  corner-stone  was  laid  on  the  24th  of  Septem- 
ber,  1850,  and  the  Rt.  Rev.  P.  N.  Lynch,  D.D.,    Bishop  of 


CHURCH  OF  S'P.  FRANCIS  XAVIER.  299 

Charleston,  delivered  on  tlu'  occasion  a.  liapj)}-  discourse, 
which  was  listened  to  witli  marked  attention  hy  the 
crowds  Avho  assembled  to  witness  the  ceremony.  The 
want  of  more  and  larger  clnn-ches  was  at  this  time  sorely 
felt,  and  all  hailed  with  delight  every  accession  of  priests 
and  every  additional  church.  i\Ian}'  of  the  older  struc- 
tures were  in  evident  need  of  enlargement  or  rebuilding, 
even  if  ncAV  churches  accommodated  part  of  their  already 
overflowing    congregations. 

The  Church  of  St.  Francis  Xavier,  thus  begun  under 
most  favorable  auspices,  was  completed  in  the  following- 
year,  and  was  solemnly  dedicated  on  the  6th  of  July, 
1851,  by  the  Most  Rev.  Archbishop  Hughes.  After  the 
blessing  of  the  sacred  edifice  according  to  the  rites  pre- 
scribed by  the  Church,  a  Solemn  High  Mass  was  offered, 
and    his    Grace    delivered     a     sermon  liefitting  the  occasion. 

Among  the  distinguished  Fathers  ■\\ho  have  from 
time  to  time  been  pastors,  or  engaged  in  the  ministry  at 
this  chm-ch,  may  be  mentioned  the  Rev.  Fathers  Michael 
Driscol,  Joseph  Durthaller,  Joseph  Loyzance,  Isidore  Dau- 
bresse,    W.    Moylan,    John    Larkin,    Hippolyte    Deluynes. 

Father  John  Larkin  was  one  of  the  most  eminent 
members  of  the  order  in  this  mission.  He  had  been 
connected  with  the  Society  of  St.  Sulpice,  and  a  pro- 
fessor of  great  ability  in  their  seminary  at  Montreal  be- 
fore he  became  a  Jesuit.  After  he  entered  the  order  he 
was,   in    1850,    appointed    by  Pope  Pius  IX.    to    the  See  of 


300  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Toronto,  Canada;  l)ut  in  lii.s  humility  lie  labored  sii  earn- 
estly to  avoid  the  honor  that  he  was  allowed  to  I'emain 
in  his  order.  He  died  suddenlj',  on  the  11th  of  Decem- 
ber, ISfiS,  just  after  leaving-  the  confessional,  in  Avhieh 
he  had  spent  the  whole  afternoon.  He  was  to  have 
preached  the  next  day  in  St.  James'  Church  in  behalf 
of  the  parochial  schools.  Archbishop:)  Hug-hes  himself  re- 
})laced    him,    almost  too    full    of    emotion    to    speak. 

Father  Hippolyte  Deluynes,  who  was  almost  con- 
stantly attached  to  this  church,  till  his  death  in  1877, 
had  Ijeen  Professor  of  Theology  in  Kentucky',  where  he 
entered  the  order.  Learned,  deeply  versed  in  the  Scrip- 
tures, of  a  clear  and  penetrating  mind,  he  enjoyed  uni- 
versal   esteem. 

Soon  after  the  erection  of  the  church  and  colle<re, 
the  Fathers  in  charge  of  the  parish  prej)are<l  to  do  all 
in  their  power  for  the  cause  of  education.  A  substantial 
building  Avas  raised  in  Nineteenth  Street,  at  a  cost  of 
some  !B2 0,000,  for  the  purposes  of  a  boys'  school,  which 
WAS  placed  under  the  care  of  the  Christian  Brothers, 
\vho  have  continued  to  direct  it  to  the  j^resent  time. 
The  Ladies  of  the  Sacred  Heai-t  had  established  a  con- 
vent within  the  bounds  of  the  parochial  district,  as- 
signed to  the  Church  of  St.  Francis  Xavier.  These 
religious,  the  most  accomplished  of  teachers,  direct  an 
academy  for  young  ladies  in  the  building  fronting  on 
Se\-enteenth    Street,    and   in    Eighteenth    Street    conduct  the 


CHUECH  OF  ST.  FRANCIS  XAVIER.  ;;()i 

jjiirucliial     school.       Tli(3     iuflueucc     of     their    tcacliiiij^-     has 
been    ot"    incalculable    advantage. 

The  choir  of  the  church,  under  the  direction  of  Dr. 
William  Berge,  who  under  Father  Verlieydeu  had  be- 
come the  organist  of  tlie  Church  of  the  Holy  Name, 
attained  a  high  standing  in  nuisical  circles.  The  music 
was  always  grand  and  decorous,  free  from  the  meretri- 
cious liberties  which    so    t)ften   shock    true  Catholic    feelino-. 

Being  at  the  time  of  its  erection  in  one  of  the 
most  fashionable  quarters  of  New  York,  the  Church  of 
St.  Francis  Xavier  was  for  years  a  center  of  the  most 
distinguished  Catholics  of  the  city.  Here  on  a  Sunday 
would  be  seen  at  mass,  army  generals  like  Meagher  and 
Ferrero,  painters  like  Leutze,  men  of  wealth  like  Thomas 
E.    Davis. 

The  history  of  the  church  has  been  marred  by  oidy 
one  accident,  which  cast  a  gloom  over  it  for  a  time. 
The  Church  of  St.  Francis  Xavier  was,  in  March,  1S77, 
attended  by  thousands  anxious  to  benefit  by  the  instruc- 
tion given  at  a  mission,  eloquent  sermons  on  all  the 
fundamental  doctrines  of  the  church — the  necessity  of  a 
Christian  life,  sincere  repentance,  and  preparation  for 
death  and  the  great  final  account.  On  the  evenina-  of 
Thm-sday,  March  8tli,  while  Father  Langcake  was  deliv- 
ering a  sermon  on  death,  during  the  mission  to  the  wo- 
men, some  boys  or  other  persons,  from  levit}-  or  a  de- 
sire   to  profit   by  the    confusion    for    thievish   purposes,    jjut 


302       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

their  heads  in  at  the  church  door  and  called  out,  "  Fire ! 
Fire  !  Fire ! "  Instantly  a  panic  spread  among  those  near- 
est the  door,  and  a  frantic  rush  was  made  to  escape  from 
the  building,  which  they  supposed  to  be  in  flames.  The 
crush  on  the  gallery  stairs  was  tremendous,  as  each  tried 
to  push  a  way  tlu-ough,  regardless  of  the  safety  of  others. 
The  clergy  at  the  altar  reassured  the  mass  of  the  con- 
gregation and  contimxed  the  ser\aces,  in  order  to  dispel 
all  fears.  Father  Meri-ick,  the  pastor  of  the  church,  who 
had  been  engaged  in  the  basement  hearing  confessions, 
rushed  to  the  front  on  hearing  the  noise  above,  and  did 
all  that  human  2^^^^'fi"  could  do  to  still  the  storm  and 
quiet  the  alarmed  and  frightened  people.  Calm  was 
at  last  restored.  With  the  help  of  cool  men,  the  clergy 
and  sexton  raised  and  carried  out  those  who  had  fallen, 
and  opened  the  way  to  the  street.  It  was  only  then 
that  the  extent  of  the  disaster  was  known.  Seven  lives 
were  lost  and  seven  persons  were  seriously  injiu-ed  by 
the    thoughtless    or    wicked    trick. 

The  church  had  been  considered  safe,  and  more  than 
ordinary  precautions  had  been  taken  against  any  real 
fire  —  there  were  three  doors,  all  oj^ening  outwardly,  and 
the  stairs  from  the  galleries  had  but  one  turn,  and  were 
lighted.  So  strong  was  all  the  work  that  nothing  gave 
way    imder   the    tremendous    pressure. 

The    funeral    services    for    those  who  perished    by    the 
disaster  were  most   impressive.     "  One   of  the  victims,"  said 


CHUECH  OF  ST.  FRANCIS  XAVIER.  393 

Father  Langcake  on  that  occasion,  "  was  a  good,  pious 
woman,  and  liad  received  communion  the  very  morning  of 
the  disaster.  One  young  girl,  Mary  Casey,  whose  body 
is  here  before  you,  was  well  known  as  a  good,  pious  girl. 
She  came  to  mass  every  morning.  All  of  them  were 
well  prepared.  We  have  every  reason  to  feel  consoled, 
because  God  did  not  treat  them  harshly.  Do  not  consider 
it,    tlien,    as    a   proof  of   God's    unkindness. 

"  God  loves  victims,  requires  victims.  It  is  His  way. 
Did  He  not  make  His  divine  Son  Jesus  a  victim  1  and 
no  one  was  more  pleasing  to  God  the  Father  than  Jesus, 
His  Son ;  and  yet  He  was  the  great  victim.  He  was 
nailed  to  the  cross  of  Calvary,  and  died  between  two 
thieves.  After  Jesus  came  another,  the  pixrest  of  mere 
human  beings,  Mary,  the  Virgin  Mother  of  Jesus.  What 
a  victim  she  was !  How  her  heart  was  pierced  with 
grief!  The  seven-edged  sword  of  sorrow  pierced  that 
heart  tlu*ouo-h  and  through.  After  them  came  the  saints. 
Victims  they  were,  that  poured  out  their  blood  for  the 
faith,  all  for  the  love  of  God.  What  does  this  prove  ? 
It  proves  that  God  loves  victims ;  that  he  wants  victims 
in  order  to  appease  His  anger  against  a  guilty  and  fallen 
race.  He  chose  His  victims,  bvit  chose  them  kindly  and 
mercifully.  He  chose  them  in  His  goodness  from  those 
that  were  well  prepared  in  a  good  moment.  'Weep  not, 
then,  as  they  that  have  no  hope.'  My  dear  friends,  you 
have    everything  to    hope !      We    have    made    it  our    duty 


304  CATnOLTr  rTrURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

to  offer  the  adorable  sacrifice  of  the  mass  for  those  that 
have  perislied  and  their  relatives  and  friends  who  are  so 
much  affected  by  the  disaster.  This  morning-  every  sacri- 
fice —  some  twenty-five  in  number  —  was  offered  for  the 
victims.  I  have  just  offered  Solenni  Hig-h  ]\rass  for  the 
dead,  especially  for  those  whose  bodies  are  now  in  the 
church." 

This  event  induced  the  Fathers  to  carry  oiit  an  in- 
tention long-  entertained,  that  of  erecting  a  new,  larger 
and  more  substantial  church.  The  want  of  such  an  edi- 
fice had  been  felt,  but  the  condition  of  affairs  seemed 
to    require    a   prudent    delay. 

Between  the  old  church  and  Sixth  Avenue  was  a 
row  of  seven  houses.  These  were  purchased,  and  four 
taken  down  entirely,  and  tlu'ee  in  part ;  a  portion  of 
the  college  also  being  demolished.  The  plan  of  a  new 
cluu-ch  was  drawn  up  by  P.  C.  Keely,  the  architect. 
It  will  be  of  brick,  with  a  fatjade  of  light  granite,  in 
the  Roman  style.  In  its  dimensions  it  is  to  be  a 
noble  temple  to  the  Almighty,  seventy-seven  feet  in  front, 
with  a  depth  of  one  hundred  and  -  eighty-four  feet.  The 
transept  has  a  width  of  more  than  a  hiuidred  feet,  and 
is  forty-five  feet  wide.  The  sanctuary  will  be  sj^acious 
and    elegant. 

« 

There  will  be  galleries  at  the  side  and  front,  and 
two  choir  galleries,  each  with  an  organ  electrically  con- 
nected,   so    that  one    player    can    control    both. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  FRANCIS  XAVIER. 


305 


T\n'  I'nmt  L'levation  of  the  churcli  will  be  one  hun- 
dred and  tour  feet,  with  towers  rising  one  hundred  and 
eighty  feet.  These  dimensions  show  that  the  church  will 
be  vast  and  connnodious.  The  basement  will  be  eiirht- 
een  feet  high,  to  give  a  fine  cliapel  for  the  use  of  the 
children.  P^ver)'  precaution  will  be  taken  for  easy  exit — 
there  will  be  live  main  entrances  in  front,  with  other 
doors  at  the  side  and  rear.  The  church  will  seat  twenty- 
five  luuidred,  and  be  an  imposing  edifice.  The  corner- 
stone of  this  new  clmrch  was  laid  with  great  solenniity 
on  the  5th  of  May,  1878,  the  folloAvhig  inscription,  in 
the  most  exact  lapidary  style,  from  the  pen  of  the  Rev. 
Father    C.    Piccirillo,    S.J.,    having    been    placed    under  the 

stone  :  — 

D  •  o  •  M  • 

IN  • HONOREM 

FRANCISCI  •  XAVERI 

APOSTOLI  •  SOSPITATORIS  •  ORIENTIS 

LAXIORIS  •  TEMPLI  •  OPERE  •  ADSVRGENTE 

ANNVENTE  •  lOANNE  •  McCLOSKEY 

S  •  R  •  E  •  CARDINALI 

NEOEBORACENS  •  POXTIFICE  •  MAIORE 

GVLIELMVS  .  QVINN 

EIVSDEM  •  DICECESIS  •  IVRE  •  VICARIO  •  MODERATOR 

SOLLEMNIBVS  •  CAERIMONIIS 

QVAS  •  PATRITIVS  •  N  •  LYNCH  •  CAROLOPOLIT  •  PONTIFEX 

CONCIONE  •  AD  •  POPVLVM  •  HABITA  •  CONDECORAVIT 

LAPIDEM  •  SACRVM  •  AVSPICALEM  ■  STATVIT 


III  •  NON  ■  MAIAS  •  ANNO  •  M  •  DCCC  •  I.X.XVIII 

LEONE  •  XIII  •  PONT  •  MAX 

RVTHERFORDIO  •  B  •  HAYES 

BORF.ALIS  •  AMERICiE  •  FCEDERAT^E  •  PRESIDE 

20 


306  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


LVCIO  •  ROBINSON 

NEOEBORACENS  .  REIP  •  GVBERNATORE 

SMITH  •  ELY  •  IVNIORE 

NOVIEBORACI  •  VRBIS  •  PILEFECTO 


QVVM  .  ^DES  .  lAM  .  XXVII  .  ANNOS  .  Vll  .  MENSES  .  X  .  DIES  .  HONORI 

S  .  FRANCISCI  .  XAVERI  .  DICATA  .  FREQUENTIAE  .  CVLTOKVM  .  IMPAR 

ESSEX  .  PATRES  .S.I.  PETRO  .  BECKX  .  SVMMO  .  ORDINIS  .  PR^POSITO 

ADPROBANTE  .  TEMPLVM  .  COMMODIVS  .  OPERE  .  ET  .  CVLTV 

SPLENDIDIVS  .  EXCITANDVM  .  DECREVERE  .  ADMONITIV  .  ET  .  INSTANTIA 

THEOPHILI  .  CHARAVX  .  NEOBORACENSIVM  .  CANADENSIVM  .  QVE 

SODALIVM  .  MODERATORIS 

ADSITAS  .  QVAQVA  .  VERVS  .  PRIVATAS  .  ^DES  .  AD  .  SEPTEM    .COEMERVNT 

EARVM  .  QVE  .  QVATVOR  .  FONDITVS  .  TRES  .  PARTIM  .  DEMOLITI  .  SVNT 

ET  .  COLLEGIVM  ■  IPSVM  .  MEDIA.    ALA  .  EXCISA  .  DETVRBAVERVNT 

VT  •  TEMPLI  .  MOLITIONI 

AREA    .    PATERET    .    IN    .     FRONTEM    .     PEDES. 


LXXXIII  .  IN  .  LONGVM  .  PEDES  .  CLXXXVI. 

TEMPLVM  .  INSVPER  .  GERMINATVM  .  AB  .  INCHOATO  .  EVEHENDVM  .  EXORNANDVM 

QUE  .  PATRITIO  .  C  .  KEELY  .  ARCHITECTO  .  COMMISSVN  .  EST 

AD  .  INGENTES  .  OPERIS  .  SVMPTVS  .  CONATIBVS  .  SODALIVM  .S.I.  PIETAS 

CVLTORVM  .  STIPE  .  CONLATA  .  DONIS  .  QVE  .  ADFVTVRA  .   ERIT 

HENRICVS  .  HVDON  .  RECTOR  .  COLLEGI  .  IVVENTVTI  .  RELLIGIONE  .  BONIS 

QVE  .  ARTIBVS  .  INSTITVENDAE  .  ITEMQVE  .  DAVID  .  MERRICK  .  VICE 

SACRA   .    ECCLESI.1E    .    CVRATOR    .    ARDVVM   .    OPVS   .    SOLLERTIA   .   STVDIIS     QUE   .    OMNIBVS 

PROMOVEBVNT 

AVE  •  FRANCISCE  ■  SODALIS 
SI    •    AMPLIORES  •    TIBI    ■    ^DES 

A  •  SOLO  •  EXCITAMVS 

AST  •  TV  •  AMPLIORE  ■  TVITIONE 

COLLEGIO  ■  SODALITATAQVE  ■  NOSTRA 

VOLENS  •  ADESTO  •  FOVETO 

BENE  •  IWATO 

This  comer-stone  was  laid  on  the  afternoon  of  Sunday, 
May  5th,  with  the  prescribed  ceremonies  and  prayers,  by 
the  Very  Rev.  WilHam  Quinn,  Administrator  of  the  Diocese 
during'  the  absence  of  liis  Eminence  Cardinal  McCloskey. 
The    platform    and    the  neighboring-  houses   were    decorated 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  FRANCIS  XAVIER.  307 

with  flags,  and  an  oil  painting  of  the  tituUir  saint  of  the 
church  was  disjjlayed  in  tlie  view  of  all.  At  four  o'clock 
the  procession  emerged  from  the  old  church.  The  cross- 
bearer  and  acolytes  were  followed  by  the  children  of 
the  Sunday-school  and  members  of  sodalities  established 
in  the  parish,  and  passed  through  the  walls  of  the  new 
church  to  the  large  cross  erected  there.  With  the  in- 
scription,  photographs  of  Pope  Pius  IX.  and  Leo  XIII. 
were  deposited.  The  sermon  was  preached  by  the  Right 
Rev.  P.  N.  Lynch,  D.D.,  Bishop  of  Charleston,  who  had, 
as  we  have  seen,  officiated  in  a  similar  manner  at  the 
commencement    of    the    old    church. 

He  dwelt  in  his  sermon  on  the  wonderful  o-rowth  of 
Catholicity  in  this  country,  especially  in  the  city  and 
Diocese  of  New  York,  where  the  churches  were  mainly 
the  work  of  the  poor  —  ( )f  those  dej^endent  for  a  liveli- 
hood on  their  daily  toil  —  but  who,  in  the  deep  sense  of 
their  indebtedness  to  God,  gave  freely  of  their  hard- 
earned  and  scanty  remuneration  to  the  service  of  the 
sanctuary. 

The  new  structure  is  advancing  prudently  and  with 
care.  Much  is  yet  to  be  done,  but  the  congregation 
evince  a  zeal  and  generosity  that  insure  its  completion 
in  a  style  to  endure  for  years,  and  give  the  pnrisli  a 
church   fully   adequate    to    all  their    wants. 


308                 CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Roll 

OF 

I  loNOR. 

' 

CHURCH 

OF  .ST.  FR 

.\NCIS  X.WIER. 

Aylvvard,  James  B. 

Lyddy,  Daniel  R. 

Burke,  M.,  Mrs. 

Lynch,  J.  J. 

Butler,  Agnes  T.,  Mrs. 

McCabe,  Thomas. 

Campbell,  Mary,  Miss. 

McCann,  Owen. 

Cassin,  Timothy. 

McVey,  John. 

Crotty,  John  B. 

Mara,  Lawrence  P. 

Dean,  Mary,  Mrs. 

Mooney,  Owen. 

Dowd,  James. 

Murray,  Peter. 

Duffy,   Philip. 

O'Brien,  Michael. 

Fitzsimons,  John. 

Patterson,  James. 

Fitzsimons,  Michael. 

Reardon,  John. 

Higgins,  Simon. 

Roach,  Thomas. 

Kean,  Thomas. 

Ryan,  William. 

Kelly,  John,  Mrs. 

Sellers,  Augustin. 

Kensilla,  Thomas. 

Smith,  Michael. 

CHURCH  OF  ST.  FRANCIS  XAVIER.  309 


REV.  DAVID   MERRICK, 

PASTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH   OF  ST.   FRANCIS  XAVIER. 


THE  Rev.  David  Merrick  is  a  native  of  New  York 
City.  He  was  born  February  19,  1833,  and  re- 
ceived his  education  in   St.    John's    College,    Fordham. 

Resohnng  to  devote  himself  to  the  service  of  God, 
and  feeling  a  vocation  for  the  religious  state,  he  entered 
the  Society  of  Jesus,  July  21,  1853,  and  after  years 
spent  in  teaching  and  in  the  theological  studies,  received 
holy    orders. 

After  his  ordination  he  was  employed  in  the  mis- 
sionary work  of  the  parish,  and  has  now  for  several  years 
been  pastor  of  the  Church  of  St.  Francis  Xavier,  es- 
teemed as  an  eloquent  and  learned  preacher,  an  able 
administrator,    and    a    devoted   jn-iest. 

Two  volumes  from  his  pen,  "  Lectures  on  the  Church" 
and  "  Sermons  for  the  Times,"  have  been  most  favorably 
received  and  widely  read.  Of  Father  Men-ick's  "  Lectures 
on  the  Church,"  the  Catholic  World  said:  "They  are  logi- 
cal, solid,  and  at  the  same  time  easy  to  be  understood. 
He  refutes  the  Protestant  doctrine  on  the  Rule  of  Faith, 
and    establishes    the    Catholic    rule,    ending    with    the    cul- 


310  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

minating  point  of  the  supremacy  of  the  Pope  in  govem- 
ment  and  doctrine.  The  proofs  of  the  latter  from  En- 
ghsh  history  are  remarkably  appropriate  and  well  put. 
The   style   of    the   reverend   author   is   pure   and   pleasing." 

With  the  Fathers  appointed  to  assist  him  in  St. 
Francis  Xavier's,  Father  Merrick  attends  also  St.  Vin- 
cent's Hospital,  No.  195  West  Eleventh  Street,  the  old- 
est and  largest  Catholic  hospital  in  the  city,  which  is 
directed  by  the  Sisters  of  Charity;  and  also  St.  Joseph's 
Home  for  Aged  Women,  No.  203  West  Fifteenth  Street, 
where  those  overtaken  by  years  and  infirmities  receive 
the   kindest    attention    from    the    same    devoted   religious. 

Other  Fathers  of  the  same  order,  residing  in  the 
college,  which  adjoins  the  church,  attend  the  Catholics 
in  the  city  institutions  on  Blackwell's  Island,  the  poor 
childi-en  on  Randall's  Island,  the  emigrants  on  Ward's 
Island ;  while  the  prisons  have  for  years  received  the 
visits  and  care  of  a  priest  who  has  identified  himself 
with  that  excellent  work — the  Rev.  Father  Henry  Dm-an- 
quet,    S.J. 


UllUKOH   01'    SAINT    GABRIEL. 

EAST    THTT.TY-SEVENTU    STREET. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  GABRIEL 

EAST  THIRTY-SEVENTII  STREET. 


-^nr^  HE  Chuvch  of  St.  John  tlie  Evangelist,  East  Fiftieth 
I  Street,  for  some  years  acconnnodated   the  Cathohcs 

in  tluvt  district  of  the  city,  but  it  soon  l)ecanie  evident 
that  tlie  parisli  was  too  hxrge  for  one  pastor,  and  the  church 
too  small  for  the  Catholics  already  within  its  boundaries, 
and  especially  so  in  Adew  of  the  increase  that  the  next 
few  years    would    l)ring. 

His  Grace  tlie  Most  Reverend  Arclibisliop  Hughes 
laid  off  a  new  parochial  district  south  of  that  assigned 
to  St.  John  the  Evangelist,  and  confided  to  the  Rev. 
William  Clowr}',  who  had  been  assistant  pastor  at  St. 
Stephen's,  the  task  of  organizing  a  new  congregation  and 
erecting   a   church. 

A  site  for  the  sacred  edifice  Avas  ;i  gift.  Among 
the  converts  who,  year  by  year,  brought  to  tlie  Catho- 
lic Chm-ch  the  cultm-e,  experience,  and  judgment  which 
had  made  them  respected  in  the  land,  was  Henry  J. 
Anderson,  for  many  years  Professor  of  Mathematics  in 
CohuTibia  College,  and  to  his  deatli  a  member  of  the 
Board    of    Trustees    of    thnt   institution.       Not    only    in    tlie 


CHUECH  OF  ST.  GABRIP:!..  313 

patlis  (if  mathematics  and  the  exact  sciences,  l)ut  in  vari- 
ous   departments   of  learning   lie    held    the  highest   rank. 

Step  by  step  he  was  led  to  the  Catholic  Clmrch; 
a  correspondence  to  divine  grace  making  him  act  on  the 
convictions  of  his  intellect.  From  his  conversion,  in 
1853,  he  gave  the  Catholic  body  not  only  the  example 
of  a  scrupulous  and  childlike  practice  of  all  Christian 
duties,  but  his  personal  service  in  aid  of  institutions  and 
organizations.  He  was  President  of  the  Upper  Council 
of  the  Society  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul ;  and  filling  the 
same  position  in  the  Society  for  the  Protection  of  Desti- 
tute Roman  Catholic  Children  in  the  City  of  New  York, 
he  rendered  incalculable  service  in  furthering  the  welfare 
of  the  NeM'  York  Catholic  Protectory.  When  the  Catho- 
lic Union  of  New  York  was  founded,  a  unanimous  voice 
called    him    to    preside    over    its    councils. 

In  the  new  2^3,i"i*^li>  i)laced  under  the  care  of  the 
Rev.  Mr.  Clowry,  Dr.  Anderson  took  a  deep  interest, 
and  he  conveyeil  to  the  church,  in  1S.")9,  eight  lots  on 
East  Tliirty-seventh  Street,  worth  at  least  twenty-five 
thousand  dollars,  as  four  additional  lots  j^iu'chased  b}'  tlio 
pastor    showed. 

The  new  parish  was  placed  under  the  invocation  of 
the  angel  Gabriel,  the  messenger  chosen  by  God  to  an- 
nounce to  the  Blessed  Virgin  i\Iary  that  the  hour  of  re- 
demption had  come,  and  that  of  her,  the  Virgin  so  long 
announced,    was    to    be    born    the    Sa\iour  of    the  World. 


314  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  KEW  YORK. 

For  the  propliet  Daniel,  centuries  before,  the  angel  Gabriel 
had  lifted  the  veil  of  futurity  and  heralded  that  event  in 
which  he   was    to   appear  so    conspicuously. 

On  the  church  to  be  raised  in  his  honor,  his  effigy 
might  stand  with  the  words  of  Holy  Writ:  "I  am  Ga- 
briel who  stand  before  God :  and  am  sent  to  speak  to 
thee,   and  to  bring  thee  these  good  tidings." 

The  Rev.  Mr.  dowry's  first  care  was  to  erect  school- 
houses  for  the  parish.  These  were  completed  towards  the 
close  of  the  year  ISf)!),  and  the  first  floor  of  the  male 
school  was  duly  blessed  as  a  chapel.  A  large  congrega- 
tion, numbei-ing  fifteen  hundi'ed,  assembled  here,  and  for 
five  years  it  was  the  temporary  church,  three  masses  being 
said  every   Sunday   morning. 

Meanwhile  the  pastor  zealously  employed  liis  time 
and  influence  to  collect  means  to  justify  him  in  com- 
mencing the  erection  of  the  church.  The  breaking  out 
of  the  late  civil  war,  and  the  distress  and  gloomy  fore- 
bodings that  filled  the  country,  prevented  the  good  work, 
and  it  was  not  till  the  year  1864  that  the  building  of 
St.  Gabriel's  was  imdertaken  in  earnest  and  the  corner- 
stone laid. 

The  architect  to  whom  the  work  was  intrusted  was 
Mr.  H.  Engelbert,  who  selected  the  Gothic  architecture  of 
the  thirteenth  century,  and  reared  a  chui'ch  of  great 
beauty. 

The  church  fronts  on  Thirty-seventh  Street,  about  two 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  GABRIEL.  315 

liundred    feet    east  of    Second    Avenue.     The    deptli    of  the 
building-    is    one    hundred    and    thirty-eight    feet,    and    the 
width    sixty-eight    feet.       The    nave    is    thirty-eight   feet   in 
height,   and   the   side   aisles  thirty-five  feet.     The  height  of 
tlie    front  is  seventy-eight  feet,  and   of  the  tower  and  sjjire 
one    hundred    and    eighty-six   feet.      Brown    stone    from    the 
Belleville,    New  Jersey,    quarries    was    used  in   the  front   of 
the    edifice;    the    side    nnd    rear    walls   are    of    brick,    with 
brown  stone  trimmings.     The  ceilings  of  the  nave  and  aisles 
are     groined,    and    rest     upon     eighteen    gracefull}'   formed 
cluster    columns.       The    chancel    is    finished    in    the    richest 
style  of  ornamentation,  and  possesses   a  new  feature  in  the 
shape    of   two    arches— the    interior    one    twenty    feet    wide, 
and  the  exterior  one   thirt}',   so   that  the  large  altar   can  be 
seen  from  every  part  of  the  churcli.     This  altar  is  finished 
with    a    very    rich    screen    of    open     tracery     work,     ^^■lth 
statues,    and   a   large    painting  of    the    Annunciation    in    the 
centre.       This     painting     is     a     copy,    b)'    Mazolini,     from 
Guido's     celebrated     painting     of    that     ]\Iystery.        There 
are    two    side    altars,    elaborately  finished,   one    of   which  is 
dedicated    to    the    Blessed    Virgin    and    the    other    to    St. 
Joseph. 

The  church  seats  sixteen  hundred  persons  and  cost 
eighty  thousand  dollars.  Most  of  this  large  amount  was 
collected  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Clowry  in  sums  of  from  one 
dollar   to    five    hundred. 

The   church   was   dedicated  on  the    12th  of  November, 


316  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

1865.  The  altars  were  beautifully  adorned,  ai^d  the 
whole  interior  decorated.  At  the  appointed  honr,  his 
Grace  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  IVIcCloskey,  attended 
by  the  Very  Rev.  William  Starrs,  V.G.,  issued  in  pro- 
cession from  the  vestry,  the  cross  and  acolytes  leading 
the  long  line  of  clergymen.  After  the  ceremony  pre- 
scribed by  the  ritual  had  been  completed,  and  the  sacred 
edifice  dedicated  to  Almighty  God  under  the  invocation 
of  the  holy  angel  Gabriel,  the  procession  re-entered  the 
sacristy.  The  altar  was  then  prepared,  the  priest  attired 
for  the  celebration  of  the  holy  sacrifice  appeared  -with  his 
deacon  and  subdeacon;  the  Archbishop  and  Bishop  Lynch 
of  Charleston  occupying  the  places  of  honor  in  the  sanc- 
tuary. The  mass  was  then  proceeded  with,  the  celebrant 
being  the  Rev.  Father  Baratta,  assisted  by  the  Rev.  A. 
Donnelly  as  deacon  and  the  Rev.  James  Conron  as 
subdeacon.  The  sermon  was  preached  by  Bishop  Lynch 
of   Charleston,    S.   C,  who   said :  — 

"  Li  the  divinely  inspired  records  of  the  old  dispen- 
sation, the  Temple  of  Jerixsaleni  ever  stands  out  in  most 
remarkable  prominence.  It  was  the  subject  of  prophecies 
and  promises  before  it  was  built.  The  sacred  j^age  nar- 
rates with  great  minuteness  the  gorgeousness  of  its  many 
ornaments,  and  the  inspired  writers  dwell  with  rapture  on 
the  glories  of  the  day  spent  in  its  dedication  to  the 
Lord. 

"  Soon    after    our    first   parents    went    out   of    the    Gar- 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  GABRIEL.  317 

den  of  Eden  they  offered  sacrifices  to  Ilim,  and  gathered 
together  stones  and  bnilt  them  an  altar.  Tlu-oughout 
the  patriarchal  ages  altars  were  built.  These  altars  were 
dedicated  to  God,  and  the  memory  of  the  sacrifices  offer- 
ed upon  them  sanctified  the  places  where  they  stood,  and 
no  man  ovight  to  approach  the  same  without  reverence 
and   awe. 

"  Then  God,  with  a  strong  hand,  gathered  together 
his  people  from  the  land  of  Egypt  and  made  them  a 
people  to  himself  In  their  wanderings  they  bore  about 
with  them,  during  ages  of  expectation,  the  tabernacle,  in 
which  sacrifices  were  made,  until  the  fullness  of  time 
came.  Jerusalem  was  chosen  as  the  sacred  site.  And  by 
the  command  of  God  the  people  gathered  together  the 
material    which    was    to    build    the    temple. 

"  In  the  fullness  of  time  revelations  came  to  the 
human  race  through  Jesus  Chi-ist.  Not  alone  in  Jerusa- 
lem were  sacrifices  to  be  offered  to  the  Lord,  but  from  the 
rising  of  the  sun  to  the  going  down  of  the  same,  every- 
where, in  all  ages,  shall  sacrifice  and  oblation  be  offered 
to  the  Lord  God  Almighty.  The  new  law  —  the  Clu-is- 
tian   law  —  was    given    to    man. 

"  During  the  ages  of  persecution  it  was  in  the  cata- 
combs that  the  Christians  worshiped  in  secret,  for  there 
they  were  hidden  from  the  light  of  the  sun  and  the  surg- 
ing anger  and  wTath  of  their  persecutors.  These  catacombs 
were    the    refuge    of   Clu-istians    for   two    hundi-ed   years. 


318  CATUOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

"  For  u  time  the  Emperor's  sword  would  be  sheathed, 
and  then  the  Christians  came  out  and  erected  some  hum- 
ble   chiu'ches. 

"  But  at  length  Clu-istianity  triumphed  over  all  its 
enemies,  and  the  Cln-istians  came  forth  radiant  from  the 
catacombs.  Then  very  soon  indeed  was  erected  over  the 
tomb    of  St.    Peter    the    Basilica. 

"  Years  rolled  on,  and  wherever  Christianity  was 
preached,  there  more  churches  in  the  form  of  the  Basilica 
were  erected.  These  churches  were  seen  raising  aloft 
their  golden  domes  everywhere  and  in  all  lands.  Then 
the  Avork  of  Christianity  spread  further  and  wider,  and 
these  churches  midtiplied  and  were  erected  in  that  style 
which  is  styled  Christian  by  pre-eminence,  and  with  which 
pagan  antiquities  seemed  to  have  no  connecting  link. 
Then  it  was  that  the  people  built  those  churches  which 
still  stand  luiequaled  in  their  artistic  beauty,  and  un- 
eqiuiled  in  the  power  they  have  to  impress  devotion  upon 
the    souls    of    men. 

"The  highest  and  the  noblest  work  in  which  a  man 
can  engage  is  that  of  building  churches.  For  what,  my 
bretln-en,  is  a  church  1  What  is  the  meaning  of  the  word  ? 
The  house  of  the  Lord.  The  Lord  has  given  you  worldly 
goods,  and  you  take  from  them  some  portion  and  set  it 
aside  to  His  glory,,  and  you  give  it  to  Him  as  if  it 
were  a  gift.  And  He  in  His  goodness  is  pleased  to  ac- 
cept it  and  make  it  more  fruitful   of  benefits    to     yourself. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  GABRIEL.  319 

"  Love  your  church ;  revere  it,  frequent  it ;  for  in 
this  church  A\'ill  the  new-born  child  be  brought  that  it 
may  be  washed  in  the  holy  waters  of  baptism.  Here  too, 
when  the  child  is  gi'own  up,  it  will  return  to  receive  such 
early  instruction  in  divine  truth  as  is  adapted  to  its  in- 
tellect. Here  too  the  youth  will  return  to  receive  the 
"•race  of  confirmation.  Here  too  will  those  come  who  are 
called  to  the  holy  state  of  matiimony,  to  be  blessed  be- 
fore the  altar,  and  to  be  strengthened  and  prepared  to 
fulfill  the  duties  of  their  new  state.  Here  too  you  may 
come  to  worship  Clirist  and  partake  of  yoiu-  Lord's  sup- 
per. Here  too  you  will  come  to  hear  the  revelation  of 
divine  truth  and  to  have  your  duties  made  manifest  to 
you.  Here  too  will  come  the  mortal  remains  of  the  de- 
parted Clu-istian  that  the  prayers  of  the  Church  may  be 
said  in  his  behalf. 

"This  is- what  the  Church  is — a  link  between  God 
and  man — between  earth  and  Heaven.  Love,  therefore, 
revere   and  frequent  your    church." 

After  the  dedication  of  the  church  the  Rev.  Mr.  Clowry 
set  to  work  to  perfect  the  system  of  Catholic  education 
which  he  had  introduced,  and  he  succeeded,  in  spite  of 
many  obstacles,  in  making  St.  Gabriel's  schools  the  pride 
of  the   parish. 

The  reverend  founder  of  St.  Gabriel's  is  still  its  pas- 
tor, after  nearly  twenty  years'  labor  among  his  flock.  He 
has  been   assisted   from    time    to    time    by    the    Rev.   John 


320  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEAV  YORK. 

B.  Baratta,  Rev.  B.  J.  O'Callaghaii,  llev.  Thoiuas  J.  Welch, 
Rev.  Andrew  Canary,  and  his  present  cm-ates,  the  Rev. 
William  A.  O'Neill,  Rev.  Nicholas  J.  Hughes,  Rev.  James 
J.   Flood,  and  Rev.  William  F.    Brady. 

The  provision  made  in  this  })arish  for  the  Catholic 
training  of  the  }"0ung  is  ample.  St.  Gabriel's  Select 
School,  at  Nos.  229  and  231  East  Thirty-sixth  Street, 
nmnbers  one  hundi'ed  and  twenty  }'oung  ladies  as  pupils, 
under    the    careful   training   of    Sisters   of    Charit}'. 

The  parochial  schools  for  gratuitous  edvication,  estab- 
lished in  1859,  are  very  large.  The  boys,  under  the  direc- 
tion of  those  experienced  instructors,  the  Brothers  of  the 
Chi'istian  Schools,  number  eight  lunidred  and  ninety ;  and 
the  girls,  taught  by  Sisters  of  Charity,  are  estimated  at 
five  hundred;  so  tliat  in  this  jxirish  alone  more  than  fif- 
teen hundi'ed  of  the  }'Oung  are  receiving-  a  sound  and 
tboroughly  Catholic  education,  the  Avliole  bm-den  of  which 
falls  on  those  who  cannot  in  conscience  intrust  their 
children  to  the  schools  of  the  State,  for  wdiich  they  are 
taxed. 

Connected  with  the  church  are  the  following  soci- 
eties :  St.  Vincent  de  Paul  Conference — President,  James 
Darlington ;  Vice-President,  Patrick  Tierney ;  Treasurer, 
James  Dempsey ;  Secretary,  T.  J.  Finley.  St.  Clabriel's 
School  Association — President,  Hon.  John  Mullaly  ;  Vice- 
President,  P.  H.  McDonough ;  Recording  Secretary,  Major 
O'Shaughnessy ;     Financial     Secretary,    Wm.    T.     Goggins ; 


CHURCH  OF  8r.  GABRraL.                             32 1 

Correspondin 

g     Secretary,     V.    P.    CaiToll.       Youny     Men's 

Musical    and 

Literary     Association,    presided   over    by    offi- 

cers   elected 

annually.      Besides   these   there   ai-e   other   soci- 

eties,     such 

as     the     Sodality    of    the     Sacred     Heart,     the 

Rosary   and 

Scapular    societies,    the    Society  of    the    Chil- 

dren   of    ]\Iai 

•y,    &c.,    which  are   directed    by  the  priests  of 

the    cluu-cli. 

Roll  of  Honor. 

Adams,  Bridget,  M 

■s.    Byrnes,  Michael.             Conway,  Arthur.            Donnelly,  John. 

Ahein,  Cornelius. 

Cain,  Michael.                  Corrigan,  John  J.            Donnelly,  Joseph. 

Banan,  William. 

Callaghan,  Joseph,Mrs  Corrigan,  Patrick.           Donnelly,  Patrick. 

Banuon,  Owen. 

Callahan,  James.              Costello,  Mar)-.                DonnoIIy,  T.  1'. 

Barker,  Francis. 

Callahan,  Jeremiah.        Coughlin,  Thomas.        Donohue, Michael,  Mrs 

, 

Berrigan,  Eliza. 

Campbell,  Owen.            Crawford,  Mary.             Donohue,  Tliomas. 

Bowen,  Daniel. 

Carberry,  William.          Creamer,  Michael.          Doody,  ICUie,  Miss. 

Boylan,  Ann,  Mrs. 

Carey,  Charles.                 Cronin,  P.                         Dooley,  John. 

Boylan,  Mary. 

Carney,  John.                   Crowe,  Michael.              Doonan,  Patrick  J. 

Boyle,  John. 

Carroll,  E.  P.                   Cunningham,   Patrick.  Dougherty,  A.  T. 

Boyle,  "Margaret,  ^ 

rs.  Carroll,  Susan,  Mrs.       Cunningham,  Thos.  K.  Dougherty,   Cornelius. 

Boylston,  Edward. 

Carney,  John.                  Curran,  T.                       Dougherty,  Patrick. 

Brady,  James. 

Casey,  Luke.                    Daley,  Catharine,  Mrs.  Downs,  Patrick. 

Bransfielcl,  Honora. 

Cassidy,  Mary  A.            Daley,  James.                 Doyle,  John. 

Brady,   Hanna. 

Cassidy,  Patrick.              Daly,  John  David.          Duane,  Michael. 

Brady,  Maria. 

Chester,  Maria,  Mrs.     Darcy,  John,                     Duffy,  John. 

Brady,  P. 

Chidwick,  John  B.          Darcy,  D,                          Duffy,  Owen. 

Breen,  Michael,  A. 

Clark,  J.                            Delaney,  Peter.                Dunley,  Joseph. 

Brennan,  James. 

Clark,  Kate.                      Delaney,  William.           Dunn,  Eliza. 

Brennan,  John. 

Clancy,  Michael.              Dempsey,  James.            Dunn,  John. 

Brennan,  P. 

Clifford,  MichaeL             Dennis,  C.                         Dunn,  Michael. 

Britt,  Mary,  Mrs. 

Coffey,  John.                   Derwin,  James.              Ennis,  Margaret. 

Brown,  Richard  J. 

Coffey,  i'eter.                   Devine, Catharine, Mrs   Erwin,  .Annie,  Mrs. 

Bro\\'ne,  Pat'k  E.,^ 

rs.  Coleman,  Hugh.             Devlin,  James.                Fagan,  John, 

lirowne,  Richard. 

Collins,  Patrick.              Diehl,  Michael.               Fallon,  Daniel. 

Burns,  Maria,    Mrs 

Connell,  T.                       Dillon,   Patrick.              Farley,  J. 

Byrne,  Patrick. 

Connelly,  Rose  E.Mrs.   Dineen,  James.                Farrell,  Hugh  F. 

Byrnes,  Denis. 

Connelly,  Felix.                Dolan,  John.                     Farrell,  John. 

Byrnes,  John. 

Coonev,  James  F.            Dolan,  Margaret.             Farrelly,  Patrick. 

Byrnes,  Lawrence. 

Courtney,  J.                      Donegan,  Eliza.               Fawcett,  Francis. 

21 

321 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


Feeley,  Ilannali. 
Finnelly,  '1'. 
Fitzpatiick,  Jolin. 
Filzpatrick,  Micliacl  L). 
Fitzpatrick,  I'atrick. 
Fitzsimmons,  Kliza. 
Fitzsimons,  G. 
Flannafan,  CJeorge. 
Flannery,  Bridget. 
Heming.  Patrick,  Mrs. 
Fhihr,  Ann,  Mrs. 
Flynn,  A. 
Flynn,  J. 
Foley,  James  F. 
Foley,  John. 
Foreman,  James. 
Freeman,  |olin. 
FuUen,  l"atrick. 
Gallagher,  John. 
Gallagher,  Michael. 
Gallagher,  Patrick. 
Gallagher,  Terence. 
Gannon,  Andrew. 
Gannon,  liridget,  Mrs. 
Gannon,  Julia. 
Garrahan,  Ann,  Mrs. 
Garry,  Joseph. 
Gavin,  Michael. 
Gaynor,  Edward. 
Gehegan,  Michael  .\. 
Geraty,   Martin. 
Gibney,  .\nn. 
Goggins,  William  T. 
Golden,  Charles. 
Grace,  William,  Mrs. 
Grady,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Grady,  Michael. 
Gregory,  Thomas. 
Hall,  Robert. 
Hallon,  Patrick. 
Hatton,  Patrick. 
Healy,  Thonia-s. 
Heaney,  Pierce. 
Hedrick,  Mary,  ^[rs. 
Hefferan,  Patrick. 
Higgins,  John,  Mrs. 
Higgins,  Patrick. 
Hogan,  JaiTies. 
Hope,  John, 
Horlihy,  M.irgaret. 
Houlahan,  [ohn. 
Hughes,  James. 
Hughes,  Peter. 
Jones,  P. 
Kane,   1  high. 
Kane,  Thomas. 
Kavanagh,  Edward. 


Keating,  James. 
Keefe,  James. 
Keegan,  Alice,  Mrs. 
Kehoe,  Edward. 
Kehoe,  Michael. 
Kelly,  Catharine,  Mrs. 
Kelly,  Edward. 
Kelly,  James. 
Kelly,  Patrick. 
Kelyberg,  Ber'd,  Mrs, 
Kennedy,  Kate. 
Kennedy,  Lawrence. 
Kenny,  P. 
Kevelin,  Bridget. 
Kiernan,  Bridget. 
Kiernan,  1..  D. 
Kindelon,  Patrick. 
King,  Patrick, 
Kinsella,  Robert. 
Lambert,  Patrick. 
Lambert,  Timothy. 
Lambert,  \\'illiam. 
Laverty,  Mary  J. 
Leddy,  Felix. 
Lee,  !\Lary,  Mrs. 
Leip,  James. 
Leonard,  Catharine. 
Leslie,  Francis,  Mrs. 
Lestrange,  Patrick. 
Levins,  James  K. 
Looram.  Patrick. 
Love,  Michael. 
Lowery,  Thomas. 
Lynch,  John. 
Lynch,  T. 

Mc.^ulifie,  Florence. 
Mc.^uliffe,  John  J. 
McBride,  Owen. 
McCabe,  Mary. 
McCabe,  William. 
McCaflery,  John. 
McCahill,  Maggie. 
McCarthy,  G. 
McCarthy,  James. 
McCormick,  Bridget, 
McCrosson,  Rose. 
McCue,  Elizabeth,  Mrs. 
McCnllen,  Morris. 
McDon.aId,  John. 
McDonough,  Patrick. 
McEvoy,  Ellen,  Mrs. 
McGee,  Patrick. 
McGinn,  Patrick. 
McGlew,  Christopher. 
McGrath,  Michael. 
McGrath,  P.atrick. 
McGurren,  John. 

\\'oods, 


McLityre,  .-^nnie,  Mrs. 
McKee,  Patrick. 
McKenna,  J.  Mrs. 
McNally,  J. 
Madden,  Michael  F. 
Madden,  t.)wen. 
Madden,  Peter. 
Mahony,  James. 
Marcella,  John. 
Markey,  G.  W. 
Markey,  James. 
Martin,  P. 

Masterson,  Ed.  Mrs. 
Mead,   Michael. 
Meehan,  Kate, 
Meeks,  John,  Mrs. 
Meskelli  John. 
Milligan,  Cath.,  Mrs. 
Moloney,  T.  F. 
Morgan,  Matthew. 
Moore,  Catharine. 
Mordan,  John. 
Morgan,  J. 
Morris,  Patrick. 
Mulligan,  Catharine. 
Mulligan,  James. 
Mulsley,  Mary. 
Murphy,  John. 
Murphy,  Thomas. 
Murphy,  Timothy. 
Ahu'ray,  John. 
Mutel,  .August. 
Noonan,  John. 
Norris,  John  IL 
Nugent,"  Matthew. 
O'Brien,  Dora. 
O'Brien,  J 

O'Brien,  Joanna,  Mrs. 
O'Connell,  JelTrey.Mrs 
O'Connor,  Connell. 
O'Connor,  John,  Mrs. 
O'Donnell,  B. 
O'Donovan,  Tim'y  J. 
O'Hara,  James. 
O'Hara,  Mary. 
O'CSara,  John  \V. 
O'Grady,"  Mary,  ^h■s. 
O'Keefe,  Thomas. 
O'Rourke,  Bernard. 
O'.Shaughnessy,  John. 
O'Sullivan,  Hanna. 
Otterson,  Francis. 
Padden,  John. 
Phillips,  "H.  i\L 
Pollard,  Daniel. 
Powell,  Daniel. 
Powell,  Thomas. 
John. 


Prunty,  J.imes. 
Purcell,  Patrick. 
Quin,  Julia,  Mrs. 
Quinn,  Lawrence  H. 
Radican,  Eliza. 
Readen,  Julia. 
Reahill,  Ann. 
Reddy,  Mary. 
Reilly,  Edward. 
Reilly,  Ellen. 
Reilly,  Kate. 
Reilly,  Mary. 
Reilly,  Rose. 
Reynolds,  Peter. 
Reynolds,  Thomas. 
Rice,  Michael  ^L 
Robinson,    James. 
Ryan,  Bridget. 
Ryan,  Thoiuas.  F. 
.Sage,  Patrick. 
Scott,  Nicholas. 
Seery,  Bernard,  F. 
Seward,  Mafthew. 
Shaughnessev,  J. 
Shea,  D. 

Shea,  Mary  T.  Mrs. 
Sheehan,   M. 
Sheridan,  James. 
Sheridan,    Richard. 
Skahan,  James  E. 
Slater,  J." 
.Slater,  I'atrick. 
Smith,  .\lice,  Mrs. 
Smith,  Charles. 
Smith,  James,  Mrs. 
Spillane,  Morris. 
Stokes,  John. 
.Stringer,  James. 
Sullivan,  I)ennis. 
.Sullivan,  John. 
.Sweeney,  Paul. 
Thornton,  John  N. 
Tucker,  John. 
Tulley,  Thonias  F. 
Turley,  Richard. 
Tyrrell,  Margaret,  Mrs. 
Walsh,  John. 
Walsh,  Matthew. 
Waters,  Benjamin. 
Waters,  Patrick. 
Weir,  Rose. 
Whalen,  James. 
Whalen,  Thomas. 
Whelan,  Henry,  Mrs. 
Willoughby,  Mary,  Mrs 
WootUock,  David. 
Woods,  F. 


^\  /r''''.'y'"'7yfO'/Y/7^if>W/f<^'^^'^f^'^<'^^' 


y^^^^^  ^/^^^tj^-y;p , 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  GABRIEL.  323 


THE    REV.    WILLIAM    H.    CLOWRY, 

PASTOR    OF    ST.    GABRIEL'S   CHURCH. 


TIILS  worthy  priest,  who  has  so  long  enjoyed  the 
confidence  of  his  ecclesiastical  superiors  and  the 
attachment  of  the  llock  confided  to  his  care,  was  born  in 
the  Coirnty  Carlow,  Ireland,  in  the  year  1822,  and  was 
educated  at  C.^arlow  College,  from  which  he  passed  to  the 
celebrated   seminary    of  the    Irish    clergy    at    Maynooth. 

Having  become  connected  with  the  Diocese  of  New 
York,  he  was  assistant  to  the  Rev.  Dr.  J.  W.  Cummings  at 
St.  Stephen's  Chm'ch  from  the  year  1857  till  he  began  his 
labors  in  St.  Gabriel's  parish,  two  years  later.  The  history 
of  that  chm-ch  is  the  record  of  his  exertions  to  give  his 
parishioners  a  noble  temple,  while  it  evinces  his  care  of 
their  spiritual  interests  and  his  devotion  to  the  educa- 
tion    of     their    cliildi'en. 

His  zeal  was  manifested  on  many  an  occasion  to 
be  remembered,  but  was  heroic  during  the  terrible  draft 
riots,  which  for  several  days  deluged  New  York  City  in 
blood. 

In  the  general  care  of  his  parish,  and  especially  in 
the  institutions  for  spreading  among  his  flock  the  bene- 
fits  of  a  sound   Christian  education,  and  in   those  catecheti- 


324  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

cal  instructions  wliicli  are  given  in  the  Sunday-schools, 
the  ReA".  Mr.  Clowrv  has  been  ever  an  unremitting  and 
zealous    priest. 

He  has,  too,  called  in  the  services  of  those  zealous 
priests  belong-ing  to  religious  orders  who  devote  them- 
selves especially  to  giving  missions  in  our  churches,  and 
whose  instructions  and  exhortations  rouse  the  dull,  the 
torpid,  and  the  negligent,  by  the  pictm-e  of  the  fearful 
penalty  they  incur,  wliile  by  portraying  God's  love  and 
mercy  they  win  them  to  a  better  life  and  encourage 
the   good   to  perseverance. 

The  mission  given  in  the  parish  of  St.  Gabriel  by 
the  Redemptorist  Fathers  Wissel  and  Fetch,  Avith  their 
associates,  in  November,  1873,  afforded  great  consolation 
to  the   reverend   pastor. 

He  has  had  the  direction  of  the  Sisters  of  Mercy  of 
this  city  for  many  years,  having  been  appointed  to  that 
charge  by  his  Eminence  Cardinal  McCloskey.  A  more 
striking  proof  of  the  confidence  felt  by  his  Eminence  in 
the  sacredotal  experience,  judgment  and  prudence  of  the 
pastor  of  St.  Gabriel's  is  seen  in  the  fact  that  he  has 
selected  him  as  a  member  of  the  Council  of  the  diocese, 
whose    advice    he    takes    on    all   important   matters. 


OHUKOH    OF    TlIK    HOLY    CROSS. 

WEST    FORTY-SECOND    STREET. 


CHURCH   OF   THE    HOLY   CROSS. 

AVEST  FORTY-SECOND  STREET. 


THIS  churcli  recalls  the  memory  of  the  first  Cath- 
olic priest  who  is  known  to  have  visited  Man- 
hattan Island  and  exercised  his  sacerdotal  functions  among: 
civilized  men  upon  it.  Father  Isaac  Jogiies,  avIio  was 
rescued  by  the  Dutch  from  the  liands  of  the  Ijlood-tliirsty 
Mohawks,  descended  the  noble  Hudson  witli  his  deliver- 
ers, who,  out  of  respect  for  one  who  had  suffered  so 
much  in  his  labors  to  extend  the  gospel,  iiamed  an  island 
in    the    river    after  the    missionary. 

Father  Jogues  was  a  lover  of  the  cross,  and  in  one  of 
his  writings  styles  himself  a  Citizen  of  the  Holy  Cross, 
because  the  cathedi'al  of  his  native  citv,  Orleans,  was 
dedicated  to  the  Holy  Cross.  In  his  devotion  to  the 
symbol    of   our    salvation    he    composed    a    litany. 

A  churcli  abo\-e  St.  Columba's  was  called  for  about 
the  year  1852,  and  the  ]\rost  Reverend  Archbishop  confided 
to  the  Rev.  Joseph  A.  Lutz  the  task  of  looking  after  the 
spiritual  interests  of  the  faithful  in  that  part  of  the  city, 
many  of  whom  had  found  it  almost  impossible  to  attend 
any     of     the     churches     regularly,     especially    with     their 

yoiuiger    children,    on    account    of  the    distance. 

* 

So    impressed     was    Archbishop    Hughes    at     this     time 


CHURCH  OF  THIO  HOLY  CROSS.  327 

witli  tlic  wants  of  tlie  Catholics  in  tlie  I'it}',  that  lie  re- 
solved to  defer  his  cherished  project  of  coniniencing  the 
work  of  a  new  cathedral  in  order  to  give  the  Catholics 
in  the  i-ity  every  opportunity  of  hearing  mass  and  ap- 
j^roaching    the    sacraments. 

During  the  Jubilee  there  had  been  Ijetween  seventy 
and  eighty  thousand  connnunicants;  and,  as  he  inferred 
from  this,  there  were  at  the  time  on  New  York  island 
a  quarter  of  a  million  cif  Catholics.  lie  felt  the  urgent 
need  of  buildiu"-  at  once  eigrht  or  ten  new  churches. 
Looking  rather  at  the  pressing  want  than  any  ?esthetic 
idea,  he  proposed  to  make  them  plain  and  solid,  not  to 
cost   more    than    fifteen  thousand    dollars    each. 

To  carry  out  the  work  of  chm-ch  extension  he  })ro- 
jected  a  society  like  that  established  in  France  to  aid 
foreign  missions,  the  well-known  Association  for  the  Pro- 
pagation of  the  Faith.  A  large  association  in  which  each 
member  paid  a  weekly  trifle  Avould  give  a  fund  from 
which  loans  coidd  be  made  to  each  new  church,  and 
when    returned   by    it,    loaned    to    others. 

On  the  15th  of  February,  1852,  at  the  close  of  his 
semion  in  the  Cathedral,  he  called  a  meeting  after  vespers 
and  there    imfolded    his    plans. 

The  Chm-ch  of  the  Holy  Cross  was  one  of  tJie  first 
fruits  of  his  appeal;  and  though  the  projected  association 
never  attained  the  development  he  desired,  it  roused  the 
Catholic    body    to    renewed    effort. 


328  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  Rev.  IVIr.  Lutz  obtained  a  place  as  a  temporary 
chapel  in  West  Forty-second  Sti-eet,  between  Eighth  and 
Ninth  Avenues,  and  in  this  Chapel  of  the  Holy  Cross 
gathered  his  new  congregation.  Roused  by  the  words  of 
their  Archbishop  and  by  a  sense  of  their  own  needs,  the 
faithful  showed  every  appreciation  of  the  advantages  thus 
offered  them  of  enjoying  the  ministrations  of  their  holy 
religion  in  their  midst,  and  the  priest  was  encouraged  to 
pm'chase  ground  for  the  erection  of  a  permanent  church. 
The  temporary  structiu-e  was  well  attended ;  lectures  were 
delivered,  and  other  means  adopted  to  interest  the  Catho- 
lics  in   and   around    the  parish    in   the   good  work. 

The  comer-stone  of  the  new  church  was  solemnly 
laid,  and  the  interest  of  the  people  and  their  pride  in 
being  among  the  first  to  carry  out  the  Archbishop's  wishes 
led  them  to  strain  every  nerve  to  carry  on  the  work 
without  any  useless  delay.  They  were  soon  rewarded 
by  its  completion.  It  was  not  by  anv  means  a  poor, 
plain    structure,    but    a  fine    ecclesiastical    edifice. 

The  Church  of  the  Holy  Cross  was  finally  completed 
towards  the  close  of  the  year  1854,  and  was  solemnly 
dedicated  on  the  17th  of  December  in  that  year,  by  the 
Very  Rev.  AVilliam  Starrs,  Vicar  General  (A'  the  diocese, 
who,  after  the  usual  ceremony  by  Avliich  the  Church 
blesses  buildings  for  the  offering  of  the  divine  sacrifice, 
which  is  the  center  and  sun  of  the  whole  system  of  her 
worship,    offered    a    Solcnni    High    Mass,    assisted    by    the 


CHURCH  OF  THE  HOLY  CROSS.  309 

reverend  pastor,  and  Ly  the  eloquent  Augustinian,  the 
Very    Rev.   Dr.   IVroriarty,   who    preached    on    the    occasion. 

The  church  thus  erected  by  tlie  Rev.  Mr.  Lutz  in 
lionor  of  tlie  Holy  Cross,  was  a  l)rick  edifice,  constructed 
in  Roman  style,  one  hundred  feet  in  depth  by  a  width  of 
seventy-five,  capable  of  seating-  fourteen  or  fifteen  hundi-ed 
comfortably.  There  was  no  elaborate  ornamentation,  but 
it  was  grand  and  imposing ;  the  tall  spire,  towering  one 
hundred  and  sixty  feet,  making  it  a  conspicuous  object 
in    that   part    of    the    city. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Lutz,  in  1855,  was  transferred  to  the 
Church  of  the  Immaculate  Conception.  The  Rev.  Thomas 
Martin,  O.S.D.,  was  then  sent  to  this  church.  Of  his 
ministry  here,  Archbishop  Hughes  said :  "  From  St.  Brid- 
get's he  went  to  the  then  hardly  formed  congregation  in 
Forty-second  Street,  ■\\'here,  AA'ithout  haranguing,  he  began 
silently  and  noiselessly  to  work  to  show  them  tlieir  way 
through  their  difficulties  until  the  people  began  to  under- 
stand themselves  and  to  be  a  congregation  —  a  numerous 
congregation."  Soon  after,  the  Rev.  Patrick  McCarthy 
became  pastor  of  the  Holy  Cross.  During  his  pastorship 
the  Church  of  the  Holy  Cross  met  with  an  accident 
hitherto  unexampled  in  the  history  of  the  Catholic  sanc- 
tuaries of  the  city.  It  was  struck  by  lightning  in  1867, 
and  so  injured  as  to  require  a  thorough  examination. 
The  result  was  b}'  no  means  satisfactory.  It  was  very 
apparent    that     the    ^\■ork     had    not     in     the    first     instance 


330  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

been  projjerly  done.  Competent  iircliitects  and  builders 
prononnoed     the    walls    unsafe     down    to     tbeir    base. 

The  congregation  found  themselves  deprived,  as  it 
were,  of  all  their  sacrifices  and  generous  contriluitions. 
There  was  no  alternative  but  to  take  down  the  church 
and    rebuild    it    from    the    very    foiuidation. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  McCarthy  at  once  began  the  neces- 
sary M^ork.  The  old  edifice  was  taken  down,  and  the 
})resent  Church  of  the  Holy  C'ross  was  completed  in  the 
year  1870.  It  is  a  spacious,  cruciform  building,  in  the 
transition  style  of  Byzantine.  The  depth  is  one  hundred 
feet,  and  the  width  seventy-two  feet,  expanding  to  ninety- 
two  feet  in  the  transepts.  Over  the  intersection  of  the  nave 
and  transept  rises  a  cixpola,  lighting  the  sanctuary  and 
nave.  This  is  a  dome  on  a  square  basis,  gradually  riin- 
ning  into  the  octagon  form,  and  finishing  with  a  lantern 
semicircular  in  the  ceiling  and  one  hundred  and  twelve 
feet  high  from  the  church  floor.  The  whole  height  from 
the  street  cm-]>  to  the  to])  of  the  cross  surmounting  the 
dome  is  one  hundred  and  forty-eight  feet.  The  front, 
which  is  massive  and  imposing,  is  of  pressed  Philadelphia 
brick  trimmed  with  l^elleville  stone  intermixed  Avitli  pol- 
ished bluestone.  In  construction  it  is  one  of  the  most 
solid  and  substantial  churches  in  the  city.  The  altar  is 
handsome  and  im^iosing,  composed  of  two  arched  towers, 
with  a  crenelated  curtain  between.  In  front  of  this 
stands     the    elegant    tal)ernacle.       Above    it    hangs   a    paint- 


CHURCH  OF  TIIK  HOLY  CROSS.  ;;;n 

ing-    of    the     Crucifixion,     wliicli    wms    the    iilt;ir-piece   of    old 
Ho] A'   Cross. 

Tlie  windows  are  filled  in  with  rich  stained  fflass, 
with   appropriate    designs,    emblems,  and    monograms. 

The  church  was  erected  after  the  designs  of  Ileni-y 
Engelbert,  architect,  and  will  seat,  including  the  galleries, 
fifteen    hundred,   with  standing   room   for  six   hundred  more. 

This  fine  church  was  dedicated  on  the  7tli  day  of 
May,  1870,  the  feast  of  the  patronage  of  St.  Joseph. 
The  ceremony  was  performed  by  the  Very  Rev.  William 
Starrs,  Vicar  General  of  the  diocese,  assisted  by  a  host 
of  clergymen,  including  Rev.  Father  Daubresse,  Rev.  Dr. 
McCJlyiin  of  St.  Stephen's,  Rev.  M.  Curran  of  St.  An- 
dre\\''s.  Rev.  Mr.  Gleason  of  Brooklyn,  Rev.  Mr.  Conron 
of  Staten  Island,  Rev.  Mr.  Bodfish,  Rev.  R.  Brennan, 
and  Rev.  Dr.  Burtsell.  After  the  dedication  a  Solemn 
High  Mass  was  offered,  the  reverend  pastor  being  the 
celebrant.  Rev.  Messrs.  Flanelly  and  Brophy  deacon  and 
subdeacon,  and  Rev.  George  IMurphy  master  of  cere- 
monies. The  music,  under  the  direction  of  the  organist, 
Mr.  Gomien,  was  a  fine  rendition  of  Haydn's  First  Mass. 
The  Very  Rev.  Mr.  Starrs  jireached — congratulated  the 
congregation  at  the  completion  of  a  work  which  had  en- 
gaged their  anxious  attention  for  the  last  two  years.  The 
church  was,  he  said,  rebuilt  in  a  manner  creditable  to  the 
generosity  and  charity  of  the  peojile  and  the  zeal  and 
devotion    of    the    pastor. 


332       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

After  tlie  communion  the  Rev.  ]\Ir.  McCarthy  addressed 
his  flock.  "  They  had  liad  many  trials  and  many  diffi- 
culties to  encounter,"  as  he  told  them,  "  but  with  the 
blessing  of  God  they  had  surmounted  them,  and  the 
brilliant  result  was  there  visible  to  all.  Again  they  were 
enabled  to  take  their  place  among  the  churches  of  New 
York." 

The  Rev.  Patrick  IMcCarthy  remained  in  charge  of 
the  parish  till  his  death,  August  7th,  1S77.  He  was 
ever  zealous  in  the  discharge  of  liis  duties,  and  Avas  re- 
markable for  his  great  charity  and  love  of  the  poor. 
During  his  long  pastorate  he  was  assisted  liy  several 
clergyiuen — the  Rev.  Patrick  Egan  for  about  six  years, 
the  Rev.  J.  Nilan  for  three,  the  Rev.  W.  Flanell}'  for 
five,  the  Rev.  Martin  J.  Brophy  for  fom-,  and  by  others 
for    shorter    terms. 

As  parish  priest  of  the  Holy  Cross,  his  Eminence 
next  selected  the  Rev.  Charles  McCready,  who  still  directs 
the  congregation,  assisted  by  the  Rev.  Maurice  Dougherty, 
the  Rev.  Joseph  Campbell,  and  the  Rev.  Joseph  Smyth. 
The  present  pastor  has  freed  his  chiu'ch  from  nnich 
of  its  heavy  biuxlen  of  debt,  and  besides  done  much  to 
make  the  "Holy  Cross"  more  fitting  to  elevate  the  heart 
to  heaven.  The  high  altar  has  been  in  part  reconsti-ucted 
and  renewed  in  fine  taste.  The  altar  of  the  Sacred 
Heart  has  also  been  beautified,  and  sunnounted  by  an 
elegant   jjainting    of    Our    Lord   imder    that    consoling    title. 


CHURCH  OF  TIIK  IKJLY  CROSS. 


333 


The  jjarish  of  llie  Holy  Cross  is  well  endowed  with 
educational  institutions.  The  Sisters  of  Charity  have, 
within  its  boundaries,  Holy  Cross  Academy,  founded  in 
1859,  with  a  hundred  and  fifty  yoiuig  ladies  as  pupds ; 
St.  Vincent's  Industrial  School,  Avith  a  hunth-ed  and  sixt}' 
pupils ;  and  a  girls'  parochial  school,  with  six  lumdred 
pupils. 

The  annual  marriages  in  this  church  are  about  sixty- 
four;  the  baptisms  over  six  hundred.  Although  the  parish 
of  the    Sacred    Heart   was    formed   principally    from     Holy 


Cross    about  two   y 

ears  ago,  there  is 

very  little    diminution 

perceptible    in    the 

number    of    attendants    or     the    income                        1 

of   the    chm-ch. 

Ro 

Archer,  Charles,  Mrs. 

LL   OF    H( 

DNOR. 

Devine,  Margaret,  Mrs. 

Clarkin,  Christopher  P. 

Baily,  Joanna  M. 

Cleary,  John. 

Dewhurst,  James. 

Ball,  Jane. 

Clifford,  Timothy. 

Dewhurst,  John. 

Hardy,  Matthew. 

Coffey,  Martin. 

Disel,  John  N. 

Beglin,  Michael. 

Coffey,  William. 

Dobson,  Francis. 

Berrigan,  William. 

Cooney,  James. 

Doherty,  Daniel. 

Bowes,  John  J.,  Mrs. 

Corey,  William. 

Dolan,  Hugh. 

Bowman,  George. 

Corkery,  Daniel  H. 

Dolan,  James. 

Brady,  Thomas. 

Costello,  Patrick. 

Donnelly,  Dennis. 

Brogan,  Tatrick. 

Cowan,  Patrick. 

Donohue,  Michael,  Jr. 

Burke,  James. 

Coyle,  Catharine. 

Doran,  Alice,  Mrs. 

Burke,  I'atrick,  Mrs. 

Coyle,  Dominic!;. 

Downey,  John. 

Burns,  James. 

Coyle,  Francis  II. 

Doyle,  C.  M. 

Byrne,  William  P. 

Craden,  Patrick. 

Doyle,  John,  Mrs. 

Cain,  Michael. 

Crane,  Owen. 

Doyle,  Thomas. 

Calhoun,  Henry. 

Crosby,  Mary,  Mrs. 

Duane,  Margaret. 

Callan,  Bernard. 

Cross,  Michael. 

Duane,  William. 

Carey,  Cornelius. 

Curren,  Patrick. 

Duggan,  John,  Jr.,  Mrs. 

Carley,  Patrick. 

Cushing,  Thomas,  Mrs. 

Dunn,  Thomas. 

Carroll,  John. 

Cusick,  Maggie. 

Dux,  J.acob. 

Carroll,  "Margaret,  Miss. 

Davis,  Benjamin. 

Early,  William. 

Carroll,  Michael. 

Delahant,  Patrick. 

Edmonds,  ,'\.  K.,  Mrs. 

Carroll,  William. 

Delmore,  James. 

Edwards,  L. 

Caruther,  Patrick. 

Denue,  Maria,  Mrs. 

F.all.ahee,  James. 

Casey,  Bernard, 

Devine,  J.  C. 

Farmer,  \Villian\. 

334                 CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF 

NEW  YOKK. 

Ferrell,  Bryan. 

Lonergan,  Thomas. 

O'Brien,  James. 

FitzgeraUl,  Joliaiina. 

Looran,  Michael. 

O'Brien,  |ohn. 

Fitzpatrick,  James. 

Lulves,  Otto. 

O'Brien,  "Patrick. 

Flanigan,   George. 

Lunny,  Peter. 

O'lJrien,   Thomas. 

Flynn,  James. 

Lynch,  Hugh. 

O'Brien,  Thomas  [. 

Flynn,  Joseph. 

Mc.\dams,  'Hiomas. 

O'Calahan,  Timotli}'. 

Freeman,  Hugh. 

McBain,  Thomas. 

O'Connor,  Patrick. 

Gallagher,  John. 

McCabe,  James. 

O'Donnell,  Nicholas. 

Gallagher,  Rodger. 

McCann,  Hugh  Gregory. 

O'Donovan,  Jeremiah. 

Garvey,  J.,  Mrs. 

McCartney,  Thomas. 

O'Flaherty,  Edward. 

Garvey,  Margaret. 

McCormick,  Patrick. 

O'.N'eil,  Francis. 

Gibbins,  Austin. 

McCormick,  William. 

O'Neil,  George. 

Gleason,  Michael,  Mrs. 

McCue,  fames,  Mrs. 

O'Xeil,  Owen. 

Gonnoud,  James. 

McCullough,  Henry. 

O'Neil,  Peter  G. 

Goodman,  John. 

McCuUough,  John. 

Payten,  James. 

Gordon,  George. 

McCullough,  Peter. 

Phelan,  Michael. 

Gordon,  Robert. 

McDermott,  James. 

Plumb,  Emilie,  Mrs. 

Grant,  Tlromas. 

McDonald,  Patrick. 

Powers,  Lizzie. 

Gray,  Ann. 

McDonnell,  Daniel. 

Purcell,  William  J. 

Gray,  John. 

McDonnell,  Peter. 

Quinlan,  John  B. 

Greenam,  Edward. 

McGary,  Bridget,  Mr-.. 

Quinn,  Henry. 

Griffiths,  N.  J. 

McGee,  Michael. 

Quinn.   Peter. 

Guinevan,  William. 

McGinley,   Roger. 

Rafter,   iLargaret. 

H.ackett,  Thomas. 

McGinty,  Catharine. 

Reid,  M. 

Haden,  Joseph. 

McGirr,  John. 

Reilly,  Jeremiah. 

Hagen,  Matthew. 

McGowan,  Peter. 

Reilly,  Luke. 

Halligan,  James. 

McGrane,  .\nna,  Mrs. 

Reilly,  Margaret. 

H.allig.an,  Thomas. 

McGuiness,  John. 

Reilly,  Terence  F. 

Hamblin,  Jane,  Mrs. 

McGuire,   Eliza. 

Reynolds,  James. 

Hand,   Bernard. 

McHugh,  Michael. 

Reynolds,  John. 

Hanson,   Susan. 

Mclntyre,  Charles. 

Roach,  Ellen. 

Hart,  John. 

Mclntyre,   P.  B. 

Rock,  Lawrence. 

Hart,  I'eter. 

McKeever,  John. 

Rooney,  Hugh. 

Haviland,  Ann,  Mrs. 

McKenna,  John. 

Ruddy,  Francis, 

Haydon,  Mary,  Mrs. 

McKenna,  "Michael. 

Rulves,  Otto. 

Hennessy,  William. 

McKevitt,  Henry,  Mrs. 

Ryan,  Philip. 

Henry,  John. 

McLauglilin,   P. 

.Secor,  S.  .^L 

Hepburn,  W'illiam. 

McLoughlin,  Dennis. 

Seward,  Mich.ael. 

Holbrook,  John. 

McLoughlin,  Peter. 

Sheedy,  William. 

Hughes,  Hugh. 

McLoughlin,  P.  J. 

Sheridan,  James. 

Hughes,  John. 

McMahon,  Patrick. 

Sheridan,  .Mary. 

Hurst,  George. 

McManus,  [ohn. 

Sherry,  Edward  M. 

Joyce,  William. 

McNabb,  Elizabeth,  Miss. 

Shevlin,  Hugh. 

Kane,  TatricU. 

McPartland,  Hugh. 

Sievin,  Catharine. 

Keating,  William  J. 

McPartland,  .S. 

Smith,  Samuel. 

Keenan,  Thomas. 

Maker,  James. 

Spellissy,  Denis  A. 

Kehran,  James. 

Mahon,  Bridget. 

.Stack,  John. 

Kiernan,  Maggie,  Miss. 

Mahony,  Patrick. 

Tallon,   Eliza. 

Kellehar,  Thomas. 

Male,  John. 

Thorp,  Patrick. 

Kelly,  Daniel. 

Maloney,  Dennis. 

Tracey,  Patrick. 

Kelly,  Henry. 

Mardon,  Fannie  M.,  Mrs. 

Treanor,  James  J. 

Kelly,  Lawrence. 

Miller,  John,  Mrs. 

Treanor,   Matthew. 

Kelly,  P. 

MoUoy,  John. 

TuUey,  Michael. 

Kemble,  James. 

Morrissey,  Edward,  Mrs. 

Victory,   Thomas. 

Kennedy,  James. 

Morrissy,  Jeremiah. 

Ward,   Owen. 

Keys,  Mary. 

Mulholland,  James. 

Ward,  William. 

Kinley,  James. 

MuUins,  John. 

Warren,  Joseph, 

Kitson,  "Maria. 

Murphy.  John. 

Warring,  C.  IS. 

Laracy,  .M  ichael. 

Murphy,  Patrick,  Mrs. 

Washburn,  Jethro. 

Leahey,   Daniel. 

Murray,  Hugh,  Mrs. 

Welsh,  Delia. 

Leahy,  Patrick. 

Murray,  William. 

W'helan,  Michael. 

Leonard,  Terence. 

Nugent,  John. 

Whelan,  Paul. 

Logan,  J.  J. 

Nugent,  Patrick. 

White,  John. 

Logan,   Matthew. 

Nunnery,  P. 

CHUROH  OF  THE  HOLY  CROSS.  335 

REV.   CHARLES   McCREADY, 

PASTOR  OF  THE   CHURCH   OF  THE   HOLY   CROSS. 


THE  i«istor  of  the  Church  of  tliu  Holy  Cross  was 
bom  at  Letterkenny,  in  the  County  of  Done- 
gal, li'eland,  in  1837,  and  after  a  course  of  classical 
study,  in  which  his  piety  and  ability  were  alike  manifest, 
was  selected  by  his  Bishop,  the  late  Dr.  McGettigan  of 
Raphoe,    as    a    student    from    his    diocese    at    Maynooth. 

In  that  venerable  institution  he  justified  the  hopes  en- 
tertained, but  his  thoughts  were  already  turned  to  a  field 
far  from  his  native  diocese.  He  came  to  America  before  he 
concluded  his  theological  course,  and  entering  Mount  St. 
Mary's,  Emmettsburg,  finished  his  divinity  studies  wdiile  act- 
ing as  one  of  the  professors  of  that  institution.  Upon  his 
ordination,  in  1866,  he  was  appointed  assistant  pastor  at 
the  Church  of  St.  John  the  Evangelist,  Fiftieth  Street, 
New  York,  and  for  three  years  zealously  discharged  his 
duties    in    the   large    parish    then    attached    to    that    church. 

In  1869  he  was  transferred  to  St.  Andi-ew's  Church, 
where  he  remained  two  years,  when  he  was  transferred 
to  St.  Stephen's.  Here,  during  six  years,  a  heavy  share 
of  parochial  Avork  fell  to  his  lot,  besides  which  he  at- 
tended the  numerous  Catholic  patients  in  Bellevue  Hospital. 

His    merits    were    recognized,    and    in    1877    his     Emi- 


336  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

nence  Cardinal  McCloskey  appointed  him  parish  priest  of 
.the  Holy  Cross.  He  found  his  chm-ch  struggling  under 
a  load  of  debt,  which,  notwithstanding  the  difficulties  of 
the  times,  he  resolved  to  reduce  at  once,  and  his  efforts 
proved  that  he  had  not  miscalculated  his  own  zeal  and 
energy,    or    the    generosity    of  his    flock. 

As  the  chiu'ches  of  the  diocese  have  all  been  con- 
secrated to  the  Sacred  Heart  of  Jesus,  he  made  it  his 
great  object  to  excite  this  devotion  to  our  Lord  in  the 
hearts  of  his  parishioners.  The  result  was  singularly 
consoling.  The  daily  masses,  at  hours  when  the  faithful 
workingmen  can  attend  them,  are  frequented  to  a  degree 
that  is  seldom  seen;  the  confessionals,  regulated  so  as  to 
enable  all  to  approach,  are  tlxronged;  and  the  fruits  of 
the  mission  given  by  the  Dominican  Fathers  seem  of 
a   most    durable    and    permanent   character. 

Deeply  attached  to  his  church,  he  has  labored  not 
only  to  make  each  of  his  flock  a  living  temple  of  the 
Holy  Ghost,  l)y  a  truly  Christian  life,  and  a  frequent 
participation  in  the  graces  of  which  the  sacraments  are  the 
channels,  but  also  to  make  the  material  chiu'ch,  in  its 
outward  beauty  and  neatness,  all  that  can  elevate  the 
heart   and    attest   the   honor   he    desires   to   render    to    God. 

Laboring  earnestly  for  the  welfare  of  his  flock,  and 
for  the  progress  of  the  young  in  the  parochial  and  Sun- 
day-schools, the  Rev.  Mr.  McCready  has  won  the  confi- 
dence  and   esteem   of  his   people. 


■X 


-  r^~' 


CHURCH  OF  THE  HOLY  INNOCENTS. 

22  WEST  THIRTY-SEVENTH  STREET. 


CHURCH   OF  THE  HOLY   INNOCENTS. 

WEST    THIRTY-SKVENTH   STREET. 


IN  1866,  liis  Grace  tlie  Most  Reverend  Archbisliop 
McCloskey  felt,  from  the  representations  made  to 
him,  that  a  new  church  was  needed  about  West  Tliirty- 
seventh  Street.  He  confided  a  district  to  a  clergyman 
who  had  abeady  acquired  experience  in  the  care  of  souls, 
and  those  arduous  duties  that  so  often  devolve  on  a  priest, 
Avhere  he  has  to  become  a  man  of  business,  an  archi- 
tect,   and    a   financier   as    well    as    a    clergyman. 

The  new  pastor  found,  at  the  corner  of  Thirty- 
seventh  Street  and  Broadway,  a  small  frame  Ijuilding, 
an  Episcopal  Church,  known  as  the  Chm-cli  of  the  Hoi}' 
Innocents,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Elmendorf  being  the  pastor. 
The  society  was  not  pros2)erous,  and  the  property  Avas 
for  sale.  After  some  negotiation,  in  which,  as  often  hap- 
pens, the  price  rose  when  the  object  was  discovered, 
the  Rev.  Mr.  Larkin  purchased  the  property,  and  soon 
after,  other  adjacent  lots,  so  as  to  afford  a  site,  not  for 
the  future  church  only,  but  also  for  a  parochial  resi- 
dence and  the  parish  schools.  The  real  estate  thus  ac- 
quired for  Catholic  use  cost  altogether,  a  hundred  and 
thirt>'    thousand    dollars. 


CHUKCll   OF  TIIK  llol.Y   INNOCENTS.  339 

^Miem  we  liii\  (_'  ;ic([iiirn(I  cliurclies  wliicli  ;i  Protest- 
ant denoiniiiatiou  liad  dedicated  to  our  Blessed  Lord,  or 
any  of  the  lioly  mysteries  of  liis  Life  and  Passion,  or 
to  any  of  tlie  saints,  it  has  been  the  custom  to  retain 
the  name.  In  tliis  case  tlie  same  course  was  followed. 
The  buildiiiii'  had  l)een  dedicated  to  the  Hcdy  Innocents — 
those  babes  A\ho  confessed  our  Lord,  not  b}'  their  lips, 
but  by  their  l)lood — who  died  by  the  Idow  intended  m 
Herod's  jealousy  and  fear  for  our  Blessed  Lord  himself, 
the    Infant   Jesus. 

These  first  of  the  martyrs  of  our  Lord  are  honored 
by  the  Cluu-ch  on  the  28th  of  December,  and  their  feast 
is  one  of  those  kept  dm'ing  an  octave.  She  honors  them 
too  by  invoking  them  in  the  Litany  of  the  Saints  before 
all    other    martyrs. 

These  holy  children,  baptized  in  their  own  blood,  be- 
came the  patrons  of  the  Catholic  Church,  which  was 
opened  in  November,  1866.  Having  thus  a  temporary 
place  for  his  flock,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Larkin  l)egan  to  prepare 
for    the    great    and    arduous    work    before    him. 

The  confidence  inspired  b}'  the  spirit  and  devotion 
of  the  Catholic  population  led  him  justly  to  plan  a 
clnu'ch,  not  for  the  moment  merely,  but  one  of  such 
jjroportions  as  to  meet  the  wants  of  the  parish  for  many 
years  to  come,  and  of  such  beauty  that  the  congregation 
should   not   feel    any    desire   for    a   nobler   temple. 

The    corner-stone    of    the     new    church    was    laid    on 


340  CATHOLIC  CHUKCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

the  20tli  clay  of  Jime,  1869,  by  his  Grace  Ai-clibishop 
McCloskey ;  and  after  tlie  venerable  jirelate  had  blessed 
the  25ri™ary  stone,  and,  kneeling  before  the  cross  reared 
amid  the  rising  walls,  recited  the  Litany  of  the  Saints, 
and  with  holy  psalms  placed  the  stone  in  position,  the 
Rev.  Mr.  Quinn,  now  Vicar  General  of  the  diocese,  de- 
livered an  address,  which  was  listened  to  -with  earnest 
attention  by  the  vast  multitude  gathered  on  the  auspi- 
cious   occasion. 

The  work  on  the  church  was  then  pushed  on  ^^gor- 
ously,  and  the  pastor  and  his  flock  Avere  equally  delighted 
when    the    period    apj^roached   for   its    solemn    dedication. 

The  position  of  the  church  is  such  that  it  can  be 
viewed  so  as  to  perceive  its  grand  and  striking  j^ropor- 
tious,  making  it  a  monument  that  attracts  the  eyes  of  all. 
It  is  a  Gothic  structure,  seventy  feet  wide  by  one  hundi'ed 
and  thirty  in  depth,  Ijuilt  of  Belleville  stone,  ornamented 
with  trimmings  of  lighter  Ohio  stone.  In  the  fsi^ade 
is  an  elegant  stained-glass  window  in  honor  of  St.  Cecilia, 
and  in  a  niclie  above,  an  exquisitely  carved  statue  of 
our  Lord,  wrought  by  an  excellent  sculptor  in  Milan. 
There  are  tlu-ee  spacious  enti'ances,  well  lighted  by  orna- 
mental lamps,  for  services  late  in  the  day.  The  interior  has 
three  aisles,  giving  four  ranges  of  pews.  The  galleries, 
which  increase  greatly  the  seating  room,  are  supported  by 
carved  pillars,  which  arch  gracefully  to  the  roof  There 
are    on    each    side  eight    large    and     seven    clerestory  win- 


CHURCH  OF  THE  HOLY  INNOCENTS.  34I 

tlows,  all  of  stained-glass,  insuring  light  and  Aeutilation. 
These  were    all    gifts    of    parishioners. 

The  altar  is  of  white  marble,  the  altar-piece  being 
a  Crucifixion  in  fresco  by  Bnimidi.  At  each  side  of 
the  altar  stands  a  statue — the  Blessed  Virgin  and  St. 
Joseph — alongside  of  which  fine  paintings  can  be  seen,  one 
of  them,  a  fine  old  canvas,  shoAving  the  Massacre  of 
the  PToly  Innocents.  There  is  also  a  side  altar  dedi- 
cated to  the  Sacred  Heai-t  of  Jesus,  above  which  is  a 
painting  of  our  Blessed  Lord  displaying  his  heart  inflamed 
with  love  for  mankind.  The  church  will  comfortably 
seat   nearly  fifteen    hundi-ed   people. 

This  fine  structvu-e  was  dedicated  on  the  13th  of 
Febniary,  1870,  by  the  Very  Rev.  William  Starrs,  then 
Vicar  General  of  the  diocese.  Mr.  StaiTs  preached  on 
the  occasion,  taking  as  his  text  the  A\-ords  of  Genesis 
xxviii.  IG,  17,  so  aj^propriate  to  the  occasion:  "And 
when  Jacob  awaked  out  of  sleep,  he  said :  Indeed  the 
Lord  is  in  this  place,  and  I  knew  not.  And  trembling 
he  said :  How  temble  is  this  jjlace.  This  is  no  other 
but    the    House  of    God,    and    the     gate     of    heaven." 

The  large  attendance  of  clergy,  the  music  of  Merca- 
dante  rendered  by  a  choir  of  forty-four  voices,  with  the 
swelling  tones  of  the  organ  and  accompanying  instru- 
ments, made  the  whole  a  scene  to  linger  long  in  the 
hearts   and   memories    of  all    present. 

At    the    vespers,    in    the    evening,    a    brilliant    and     in- 


342  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

teresting  cliscour.se  was  delivered  by  the  Rev.  Dr.  Boyle 
of  Washington,  who,  taking  as  his  text  St.  Matthew 
xviii.  20,  dwelt  on  the  faith  of  the  Church  as  forniully 
declared    by    the    Fathers    of    the    Vatican    Council. 

Including  the  site,  the  cluu'ch  and  school  cost  three 
hundred  and  six  thousand  dollars,  of  which  one  hundred 
and  twenty -five  thousand  dollars  are  still  unpaid.  The 
contribution  of  the  amount  alread}'  paid,  besides  A^hat  is 
necessary  each  year  for  the  maintenance  of  di\'ine  wor- 
ship and  the  schools,  is  most  creditable  to  this  new  con- 
gregation. Among  the  first  and  most  generous  subscrib- 
ers were  Eugene  Kelly,  James  Wallace,  Henry  L.  Hoguet, 
Thomas  and  John  Murphy,  M.  Fitzsimons,  E.  Martin,  and 
Thomas    Maher. 

The  average  attendance  is  aboiit  five  thousand;  five 
masses  being  said  every  Sunday,  to  enable  ever}-  member 
of  the  congregation  to  fulfill  the  obligation  of  hearing 
mass. 

The  parish  school,  which  is  directed  by  several  Sis- 
ters of  Charity  and  eight  lay  teachers,  numbers  nine  hun- 
dred   and    fifty   pupils. 

There  are  sevei'al  societies  connected  with  the  church, 
one  of  the  most  important  being  the  Building  Associa- 
tion, whose  zeal  may  be  seen  in  the  fact  that  in  one  year 
it  raised  ten  thousand  foiu-  hundred  dollars.  Besides  this 
are  the  Temperance  Society,  R.  H.  Bermingham,  President, 
and    the  Ladies'  Temperance    Society,  Neal    Farrell,    Presi- 


CHURCH  OF  THE  HOLY  INNOCENTS.  343 

dent;  ;i  Library  Association,  with  a  collection  of"  several 
hnndred  volumes ;  an  Altar  Society ;  while  a  Society 
of  tlie  Sacred  Heart,  a  Sodality  of  the  Blessed  Virgin, 
and  a  Rosary  Society,  show  how  well  every  means  is 
employed  to  keep  religion  alive  in  the  hearts  of  the 
people. 

The  Church  cannot  Init  excite  general  devotion  to 
the  H0I3'  Innocents.  "  Innocent  victims,"  says  the  pious 
1  hitler,  "became  the  spotless  Lamb  of  God.  And  how 
gi-eat  a  happiness  was  such  a  death  to  these  glorious 
martyrs  !  They  deserved  to  die  for  Christ,  though  they 
were  not  yet  able  to  know  or  invoke  his  Name.  They 
were  the  flowers  and  the  first  fruits  of  his  martyrs,  and 
triumphed  over  the  world  without  having  ever  known 
it  or  experienced  its  dangers.  They  just  received  the 
benefit  of  life  to  make  a  sacrifice  of  it  to  God,  and  to 
purchase  by  it  eternal  life.  Almost  at  the  same  time 
they  began  to  live  and  to  die ;  they  received  fresh  air 
of  this  mortal  life,  fortln^•ith  to  pass  to  immortality ;  and 
it  was  their  peculiar  glory,  not  only  to  die  for  the  sake 
of  Christ,  and  for  justice  and  virtue,  but  also  in  the 
place  of  Christ  and  in  his .  stead.  How  few,  perhaps,  of 
these  childi'en,  if  the}'  had  lived,  would  have  escaped 
the  dangers  of  the  world,  which,  by  its  maxims  and 
example,  l)ear  everything  down  before  it  like  an  impetuous 
toiTent !  What  snares !  what  sins !  A\-hat  miseries  were 
they    preserved    from   by   this   grace !      Witli    what   songs  of 


344                  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

praise    and   love    do    tliey    not    to    all    eteniit}-    thank    tlieir 

Saviour    and   tins    His    infinite   mercy   to    them!" 

Roll  of  Honor. 

CHURCH  OF  THE  HOI.V  INNOCENTS. 

Bannon,  Bridget,  Mrs.                                   Hoare,  Thomas. 

Brady,  John.                                                    Jordan,  Mary  Jane. 

Campion,  James.                                             Keenan,  Joseph. 

Clarkin,  Bartholomew.                                   Kehoe,  Josepli. 

Colwell,  Patrick.                                             King,  Grace. 

DeVere,  Auguste.                                         Kirby,  A.,  Mrs. 

Donohue,  John.                                              Larkin,  Henry. 

Fallon,  John  A.                                            McKeon,  Peter. 

Feeley,  William  B.,  Mrs.                             McMahon,  Mary  Ann. 

Fitzsimons,  Michael.                                      Maher,  Thomas. 

Fox,  Thomas  H.                               '             Mainey,  George. 

Hendrick,  Edward.                                        Welsh,  John  F. 

CHURCH  OF  THE  HOLY  INNOCENTS.  345 


THE    REV.  JOHN   LARKIN, 

PASTOR    OF    THE    CHUKCH    OF    THE    HOLY    INNOCENTS. 


DEERPARK,  in  the  Parish  of  Qiiansboro',  County 
of  Galway,  on  the  river  Shannon  in  Irehind,  is 
the  hirtliplace  of  the  Rev.  John  Larkin,  tlie  second 
priest  of  the  name  who  has  Labored  in  tlie  ministry  in 
the  Cathohc  chiu'ches  of  New  York.  HaA-ing  passed 
through  the  grammar-school  course,  inchiding  the  classics 
and  mathematics,  in  his  native  place,  he  entered  May- 
nooth  College  in  1843,  where  he  completed  his  divinity 
course.  At  the  instance  of  the  Rev.  John  Kelly  of 
Jersey  City  he  made  America  the  field  of  his  mission 
labors,  and  in  1848  presented  his  credentials  to  Archbishop 
Hughes,  by  whom  he  was  kindly  received.  But,  being 
induced  to  move  into  the  interior  of  the  country,  he  was 
ordained  in  Baltimore  by  Archbishop  Eccleston,  for  the 
Diocese  of  Pittsburgh.  Immediately  after  his  ordination 
he  was  appointed  by  Bishop  O'Connor  to  fill  the  posi- 
tion of  president  of  the  seminary,  during  the  temporary 
absence  of  his  l)rother  (the  present  Bishop  of  Omaha) 
on  account  of  ill  health.  Subsequently  the  Rev.  ^Ir. 
Larkin  was  appointed  to  the  missions  of  Freeport  and 
Clearfield,    in     the     adjoining     counties     of    Armstrong     and 


346  CATHOLIC  CHUKCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Butler.  The  church  iu  Freeport  was  uufinished  and  in 
debt;  there  was  no  church  in  Cleai-tield.  In  a  short 
time,  however,  the  cluu-ch  in  P'reeport  was  finished  in  a 
handsome  style,  and  paid  for.  In  Cleai-field,  where  for- 
merly the  Holv  Sacrifice  was  offered  up  in  private  houses 
and  barns,  the  neat  church  of  St.  John  was  built  and 
some  twenty-five  acres  of  land  procured  for  the  church. 
Resident  jjastors  being  appointed  for  each  of  these  places. 
Rev.  Mr.  Larkin  was  placed  in  charge  of  all  the  missions 
of  the  County  of  Fayette,  which  embraced  a  large  sec- 
tion of  the  Alleghany  Mountains.  Diu-ing  his  stay  here 
he  paid  off  the  debts  of  the  church  at  Uniontown,  which 
was    much    emliarrassed. 

In  1855,  Bishop  O'Regan  of  Chicago  visited  Pitts- 
burgh, and  having  heard  of  Rev.  Mr.  Larkin's  (niergy  and 
devotedness,  begged  him  to  come  to  his  aid  in  C-hicago, 
where  priests  were  very  much  needed.  The  necessary 
permission    being   obtained   by    the    Bishop,  he    consented. 

On  his  annval  in  C'hicago  he  was  taken  as  theologian 
to  the  Provincial  Council  of  St.  Louis.  At  this  council 
an  appeal  was  made  to  the  bishops  of  the  province  for 
the  cathedral  of  Chicago,  whose  debts  of  thirty  or  forty 
thousand  dollars  filled  the  bishop  with  consternation. 
This  appeal  being  favorably  received,  Rev.  Mr.  Larkin 
was  commissioned  to  collect,  not  only  in  St,  Louis  and 
through  the  province,  but  also  in  New  Orleans,  Boston, 
and   other   places. , 


CnURCH  DF  THE  HOLY  INNOCENTS.  p,47 

Havino-  labored  for  nine  months  in  this  difHcnlt 
field,  he  returned  to  Chicago  iuid  was  appointed  pas- 
tor of  Galena,  Avhere  an  unfinished  church  was  on  tlic 
eve  of  being  sold  for  delit.  The  former  Catholic  cliurcli 
had  been  desti-oyed  l)y  fire,  and  having  been  miinsured, 
the  Catholics  were  left  without  means  or  a  ])ljice  to  wor- 
ship. By  great  exertion  the  new  church  was  sa^-ed  to 
the  congregation.  The  prilicipal  debt  was  paid,  and  the 
church  so  far  finished  that  the  congregation  were  able  to 
use    it. 

After  having  established  schools,  and  having  placed 
the  congregation  in  a  prosperous  condition,  the  energetic 
priest  left  the  West  and  came  to  New  York  City  in 
1861,  when  he  was  again  received  by  the  Most  Rev. 
Archbishop  Hughes,  by  whom  he  was  made  assistant  at  St. 
Stephen's  Chiirch.  Shortly  after,  he  was  appointed  b}'  his 
Eminence  the  Cardinal  to  the  new  parish  of  the  Holy 
Innocents,  where  he  has  built  a  Gothic  church — one  of 
the  largest  and  most  beautiful  in  the  city.  His  schools 
rank  among  the  first  in  the  coimtry.  He  has  also  pro- 
cured a  pastoral  residence  and  other  parochial  buildings. 
The  locality  and  the  relations  of  these  buildings  to 
each  other  constitute  this  one  of  the  best  appointed  ec- 
clesiastical  properties   in    the   Archdiocese. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  HOLY  NAME  OF  JESUS. 

NINETY-SEVENTH    STREET   AND    BROADWAY. 


THE  lioly  ]iame  of  Jesus  was  to  the  disciples  of 
our  Lord  all  powerful.  lu  it  they  cast  out 
devils,  they  cured  diseases ;  they  made  the  bliud  to  see 
and  the  lame  to  walk.  They  g-loried  to  suffer  for  it. 
Our  Lord  had  taught  them  that  ■v'vhatever  they  should 
ask  in  His  name  should  be  granted  to  them.  Hence  St. 
Peter  proclaimed  to  the  Jews:  "There  is  no  other  name 
under  heaven  given  to  men,  whereby  we  must  be  saved ;" 
and  St.  Paiil  declared  to  the  Gentile  converts  at  Philippi 
that  "  God  hath  given  him  a  name  which  is  above  all 
names:  that  in  the  name  of  Jesus  every  knee  should 
bow  of  those  tliat  are  in  heaven,  on  earth,  and  under 
the    earth." 

The  Church  has  taught  her  chikh-en  to  revere  this 
holy  name,  and  to  show  their  respect  whenever  it  is 
uttered ;  she  has  set  apart  a  Sunda}',  soon  after  the  feast 
of  the  Circumcision,  to  honor  it  in  an  especial  manner, 
and  by  the  Litany  of  the  Holy  Name  she  asks  bless- 
ing's   through    it. 

A  chm-ch  dedicated  to  the  Holy  Name  of  our  Lord 
existed,    as     we    have     seen,    for     a     brief    period ;      but   a 


350  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEAV  YORK. 

title  so  eniiiieiitly  and  peculiarly  Catholic  was  not  to  l)e 
lost. 

When,  in  1867,  the  Most  Revei'encl  Archbishop  con- 
fided to  the  Rev.  Richard  ]Ji"einian  a  new  parish  at 
Bloomingdale,  extending  from  Seventy-fifth  to  One  Hun- 
dred and  Fifteenth  Street,  the  pastor  piously  placed  his 
undertaking  and  his  future  church  uiuler  the  powerful 
protection    of   that    name. 

The  Bhxjuiingdale  Catholic  Church  Association  was 
organized — M.  T.  Brennan,  Esq.,  President,  Charles  Dowd, 
Secretary,  and  George  Finuegan,  Treasurer — and  twenty- 
(jue  lots  were  secured  on  Ninety -seventh  Street  and 
Broadwa}-,  extending  one  hundred  and  forty-six  feet  in 
depth  to  Tenth  Avenue,  giving  space  for  church,  schools, 
and  a  presbytery.  The  site  cost  eleven  thousand  five 
hundred  dollars.  But  while  the  new  church  rose  from  the 
ground,  a  frame  building  on  Broadway,  thirty-five  feet 
in  front  b}'  eighty  in  dej^th,  was  imj^roved  and  en- 
larged to  become  the  temporary  church  of  the  Holy 
Name.  It  was  dedicated  August  9,  1868;  and  here  the 
Holy  Sacrifice  was  offered,  imploring  the  protection  of 
heaven  on  the  good  work  in  that  name  to  which  such 
promises  of  fulfillment  were  attached.  The  corner-stone 
of  the  church  was  laid  with  the  usual  ceremonies,  and 
every  exertion  made  to  complete  the  church  as  rapidly 
as  it  could  be  done,  with  due  regard  to  solidity  and 
endurance. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  HOLY  NAME  OF  JESUS.  35I 

Tlie  suleiim  deiliratiuii  tuuk  place  on  the  2()tli  uf 
December,  18GS.  From  far  and  near,  in  spite  of  the 
Avintry  weather,  the  Cathohcs  flocked  to  the  new  cluirch, 
\\liicli  was  densely  filled.  The  Most  Reverend  Arch- 
bishop McCloskey  came  to  bless  the  church  with  holy 
rite,  assisted  by  the  Rev.  "Sh:  McNeiniy,  now  Bishop  of 
Alban}',  Rev.  Messrs.  Quinn,  Hecker,  McDowell,  Kesseler, 
Glackmejer,    Boyce,    and    Brennan. 

The  i)rocession  in  imposing  array  moved  down  the 
aisle  and  around  the  walls  of  the  cluu'ch,  which  were 
sprinkled  and  blessed  to  ask  God  to  relieve  them  from 
the  curse  of  man's  fall,  and  make  them  contribute,  not  to 
the  ruin  but  to  the  salvation  of  souls.  The  last  notes 
of  the  holy  rite  died  away,  the  incense  floated  through 
the  air,  as  the  procession  retired.  A  Solemn  High  Mass 
followed,  in  which  the  Rev.  Mr.  McNeirny  was  cele- 
brant, Rev.  Mr.  McDowell  of  St.  Michael's,  deacon,  and 
Hey.  Mr.  Kesseler  of  St.  Joseph's,  subdeacon ;  Rev.  Mr. 
Brady,  as  master  of  ceremonies,  giving  to  all  symmetr}-  and 
order.  The  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  preached,  taking 
as  his  text  the  words  of  the  Psalmist :  "I  rejoiced  at 
the  things  that  were  said  me :  We  shall  go  into  the 
house  of  the  Lord."  (Psalm  xxi.  1.)  He  dwelt  on  the 
love  of  the  Church  for  all  that  adds  dignity  to  the  wor- 
ship of  God,  congratulated  the  congregation  on  their 
courage  in  luidertaking  so  noble  a  structm-e,  and  urged 
them  to  persevere   till  they  saw  their  task  completed. 


352  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

After  the  mass  a  Te  Deum  was  finely  given,  the 
music  being  of  a  high  order,  St.  Joseph's  choir  rendering 
valuable    assistance. 

The  church  Avas  attended  by  its  reverend  founder 
for  several  years,  gradually  increasing  in  its  numbers  and 
advancing  in  the  practice  of  Christian  duties  under  his 
care.  A  mission  given  by  the  Paulist  Fathers,  in  IMay, 
1873,  brought  even  the  most  lukewann  to  a  sense  of 
their  Clu-istian  duties.  The  sermons  and  exhortations  of 
Rev.  Messrs.  Deshon,  Dwyer,  Elliot,  and  Rosecrans  pro- 
duced as  immediate  fruit  a  thousand  communi(ins  and  a 
new    spirit    of  foitli. 

In  1875,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Brennau  A\as  transferred  by 
his  Eminence  Cardinal  McCloskey  to  the  Church  of  St. 
Rose  of  Lima,  and  the  Rev.  James  Galligan,  the  jjres- 
ent  pastor,  was  installed  at  the  Church  of  the  Holy 
Name,    -^vhich   has    prospered  in    every  way  imder  his  care. 

The  pastors  of  the  Holy  Name  omitted  nothing  to 
interest  the  congregation  in  the  church,  by  establishing 
societies  into  which  all  might  ha  induced  to  enter.  The 
Rosary  and  Altar  societies,  the  Children  of  Mary,  the 
Sodalities  of  the  Holy  Angels,  the  Holy  Childhood,  and 
St.  Aloysius,  stimvilate  the  piety  of  all  ages  and  classes. 
The  Young  ]\Ieu's  Literary  Society  affords  those  attaining 
manhood  the  means  of  intellectual  culture;  the  Conference 
(jf  the  Society  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul  blends  them  to- 
gether   in    the    great    Avork    of   charity. 


CilUKUlI  OF  THE  HOLY  NAME  OE  JESUS. 


353 


REV.    JA:\[r:S    M    GALLIGAN, 

PASTOR    OF    TlIK    CHURCH    OF    THE    HOLY    NAME    OF    JESUS. 


^  f  ^ilE    pressent    pastor     of    the     Church     of    the    Holy 
I  Name    Avas     born    in  the    County    Cavan,    Irehmd, 

and  was  educated  at  St.  Patrick's  College,  in  his  native 
diocese,  one  of  the  greatest  of  -the  literary  institutions 
in  Ireland.  After  he  had  pursued  the  course  of  studies 
there  for  four  years  he  resolved  to  make  the  United 
States  the  field  of  his  missionary  labors,  and  havino- 
come  to  this  country  he  entered  the  Seminary  of  Our 
Lady  of  the  Angels,  near  the  Suspension  Bridge  over 
Niagara  Falls.  His  course  of  studies  was,  however,  sud- 
denly interrupted  here  by  an  luitoward  accident.  The 
institution  was  destroyed  by  fire  on  the  5th  of  December, 
1864.  He  at  once  entered  the  College  of  St.  Francis 
Xavier,  New  York,  where  he  was  graduated  with  honor 
in   1865. 

Received  as  a  student  for  the  Diocese  of  New  York, 
he  was  sent  to  the  Provincial  Seminary  in  Troy,  and 
after  his  com-se  of  theological  training  was  ordained  in 
that    city,    in    June,    1868. 

He  was  at  once  assigned  to  duty  in  St.  Peter's 
Church,    New  Brighton,    Staten    Island.     After   this    he    was 


23 


354  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

assistant  in  a  chiu'ch  of  the  same  name  at  Poughkeepsie. 
He  was  then  stationed  at  the  Church  of  the  Holy  In- 
nocents, New  York,  where  he  rendered  essential  service 
to  the  Rev.  Mr.  Larkiii,  and  is  affectionately  remembered 
by    the    congregation. 

He  was  appointed  to  the  Chm-ch  of  the  Holy  Name 
on  the  20th  of  July,  1875,  and  has  guided  with  singvdar 
judgment  a  young  and  struggling  church  in  these  times 
of  financial  depression,  when  distress  on  every  side  ap- 
peals for  the  consolation  of  the  minister  of  God,  and 
when  of  course  the  means  of  doing  good  are  less  boun- 
tifully supplied. 

He  gives  special  attention  to  catechetical  instructions, 
and  his  Sunday-school  mmibers  nearly  tlu'ee  hundred 
pupils,  who  are  provided  with  a  good  library;  besides 
which  there  is  also  the  Young  People's  Circulating  Library 
for   those    more    developed. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  MOST  HOLY  REDEEMER. 

THIRD   STREET. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  MOST  HOLY  REDEEMER. 

THIRD  STREET,  BETWEEN  AVENUES  A  AND  B. 


o 


THIS  imposing  clmrcli,  dedicated  to  our  Lord  as 
the  Redeemer  of  Mankind,  is  tlie  principal  cliurcli 
in  tlie  diocese  of  the  rehgious  order  founded  by  St.  Al- 
phonsus  Liguori,  Bishop  and  Doctor.  It  would  not  be 
easy  to  chronicle  all  that  they  have  accomplished  for  the 
ffood  of  souls  since  their  introduction  into  the  United 
States.  Their  influence  has  been  felt  in  every  part  of 
the  country,  by  the  bishops,  priests,  and  devout  writers 
whom    they    have    given    us. 

Tlu'ee  Fathers  from  Vienna  came  to  this  country  in 
1832,  at  the  request  of  the  Rt.  Rev.  Edward  Fen  wick. 
Bishop  of  Cincinnati.  The  Indian  missions,  on  which  they 
first  entered,  were  not  the  field  to  which  Providence  des- 
tined them ;  but  Avhen  in  1839  they  established  a  con- 
vent in  Pittsburgh,  and  in  1840  took  charge  of  a  German 
congregation  in  Baltimore,  their  work  seemed  to  b^  en- 
dued   with   the   most   extraordinary   vitality. 

In  1842,  the  Diocese  of  New  York  first  received  Re- 
demptorist  Fathers.  Here  too  the  fast-increasing  German 
Catholic    popidation  became    their   special  field.     The    Most 


CHURCH  OF  THE  MOST  HOLY  R^:DEEMER.  357 

lu!^•l'l•elld  Art'lil)i.sliop  applied  to  the  Rev.  Father  Alexan- 
der Cvitclikowitz,  Superior  of  the  Redemptorists  at  Balti- 
more, for  Fathers,  intending  to  place  the  Church  of  St. 
Nicholas  under  their  care,  but  when  the  Rev.  Gabriel 
Runipler  came,  the  trustees  declined  to  yield  tlie  churcli 
to    tlie    order. 

The  ^lost  Reverend  Arcldjisliop  was  not  iiu'lined, 
however,  to  deprive  his  diocese  of  such  a  zealous  com- 
mimitv.  With  hi.s  encouragement  and  sanction,  Father 
Rumpler  purchased  lots  in  Third  Street.  On  these,  in 
1843,  he  erected  a  residence  and  school,  and  also  a  tem- 
porary church.  It  was  a  long,  plain  frame  Imilding,  look- 
ing more  like  a  ropewalk  than  a  church,  as  you  came 
in  view  of  it ;  but  once  you  entered,  you  found  yom-- 
self  in  a  church,  where  all  Avas  piety,  regularity,  decorum, 
and    devotion. 

This  unpretending  structure,  one  hundred  and  ten 
feet  long  and  fifty-three  feet  Avide,  with  two  galleries,  each 
fifteen  feet  wide,  was  completed  in  seven  weeks,  when 
once  it  was  decided  to  erect  a  temporary  structure  for 
immediate  use,  while  the  more  substantial  edifice  could  be 
completed  as  means  came  in.  It  was  solemnly  dedicated 
to  the  service  of  the  Almighty  God  on  ]\Ionday,  April 
8th,  1844,  by  Rt.  Rev.  John  McCloskey,  D.D.,  Coadjutor 
Bishop  of  Ne-w  York,  under  the  invocation  of  our  I\[ost 
Holy  Redeemer.  The  Avails  and  galleries  Avere  fairly  hid- 
den   ill   the  CA-ergreens   and   floAvers  Avhich  adorned  them. 


358  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

A  Pontifical  High  Mass  followed  the  dedication  ser- 
vice, and  a  sermon  was  preached  in  the  langnage  of  the 
flock  by  the  Rev.  Father  Rumpler.  The  German  Cath- 
olics of  the  district  soon  thronged  the  plain  little  frame 
church,  and  the  zeal  of  the  religious  soon  excited,  in 
the  most  careless,  higher  and  better  feelings.  It  was 
evident  that  a  great  and  salutary  step  had  been  taken 
for  the  spiritual  welfare  of  the  Gennan  Catholics  in  New 
York   City. 

Rev.  Father  Rumpler  continued  to  mould  his  parish 
into  shape  and  organize  it  thoroughly,  for  several  years. 
In  1849"  he  was  recalled  to  Baltimore,  and  the  Rev. 
Father  Joseph  Mueller  was  appointed  to  guide  it.  God 
had  so  prospered  their  humble  beginnings  that  the  Re- 
demptorists  felt  courage  to  commence  the  erection  of  a 
church  worthy  of  our  exalted  worship,  for  which  no 
building  conceived  by  the  genius  of  man  or  framed  by 
his  skill  in  the  materials  God  places  in  our  control  can 
be    too    grand    or   noble. 

Plans  were  accordingly  prepared  by  a  skillful  arcliitect 
for  a  fine  church,  and  the  comer-stone  was  laid,  with 
exact  observance  of  the  prescribed  rites,  bj-  the  Most  Rev. 
Archbishop    Hughes,    on    the    21st    of   April,    1851. 

The  church,  as  planned  by  Mr.  Walsh  the  architect, 
rose  rapidly,  impressing  all  with  its  beauty  and  propor- 
tions. To  the  Protestant  mind  it  was  a  wonder.  It 
seemed    some    vast    cathedral,    not    a    mere    jiarish    cluu'ch 


CHURCH  OP  THE  MOST  HOLY  REDEEMER.     359 

for  Catholics  of  a  single  nationality.  When  completed,  it 
stood  there  indeed  a  remarkable  pile.  It  is  a  beautifnl 
specimen  of  the  Greco-Roman  or  Byzantine  style,  eighty 
feet  wide,  seventy  feet  high,  and  one  hnndred  and  sixty- 
seven  feet  in  length.  Four  massive  pillars  divide  the 
front,  and  correspond  to  the  chapels  within.  In  the  pil- 
lars are  niches  for  statues  of  heroic  size.  The  interior 
or  middle  pillars  rise  thu'ty-four  feet  above  the  side  pil- 
lars, and  above  these  shoots  *a  spire  a  hundred  and 
forty-six  feet  higher,  its  cross  two  himdred  and  fifty  feet 
from  the  ground.  There  are  three  doors  in  the  front, 
surmounted  by  richly  ornamented  gables  decorated  with 
chamfers  and  niches.  The  middle  door  has  eighteen  feet 
span,  and  is  twenty-four  feet  high.  Above  this  is  a 
middle  window  thirty-seven  feet  high — pouring  tlu-ough  its 
stained  glass  a  mello^v  light  on  the  galleries — and  side 
windows  in  happy  proportion,  supported  by  beautifully 
tmiied    columns. 

Three  domes  rise  over  the  altars  to  a  height  of 
sixty-one  feet ;  the  central  one  crowned  by  a  belfry 
capped  by  a  cross.  There  are  tlu-ee  naves,  with  massive 
pillars  ranged  on  either  side,  supporting  its  many  arches 
and  the  groined  and  richly-corniced  roof  of  azm-e  set 
with    stars. 

In  the  basement  there  is  a  fine  chapel,  nearly  square 
in    form. 

Such    was    the    church    that    the     Redemptorist    Fathers 


360  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

prepared  for  solemn  dedication  on  tlie  28th  of  November, 
1852.  At  an  earl}'  lionr  vast  crowds  gathered,  but  the 
space  in  front  of  the  clnux-h  ^vas  kept  clear  by  the 
German  Independent  Rifles,  and  by  the  various  benevo- 
lent societies,  not  only  of  New  York,  Ijut  of  Brooklyn, 
Albany,  Philadelphia,  and  Baltimore,  each  with  banners 
and  badges. 

The  dedication  ceremony  was  performed  by  the  Most 
Reverend  Archbishop  Hughes,  attended  by  the  Rt.  Rev. 
John  M.  Neumann,  D.D.,  C.SS.R.,  Bishop  of  Philadeli)hia; 
Rt.  Rev.  John  McCloskey,  D.D.,  Bishop  of  Albany;  Rt. 
Rev.  Richard  V.  Whelan,  D.D.,  Bishop  of  Wlieeling; 
the  Rt.  Rev.  Dr.  jMosquera,  Bishop  of  Bogota ;  with  a 
multitude  of  priests  and  acolytes.  The  altars  were  then 
adorned    and    a    Solemn    High    Mass    celebrated. 

After  the  gospel,  the  Rt.  Re^'.  Dr.  McCloskey  of 
Albany  ascended  the  pulj^it  and  preached  an  eloquent 
sermon,  taking  his  text  from  the  Apocalypse,  21st  chapter, 
2d  and  3d  verses:  "And  I  saAv  the  Holy  City,  the  New 
Jerusalem  coming  down  from  God  out  of  Heaven  pre- 
pared as  a  bride  adorned  for  her  husband.  And  I  heard 
a  great  voice  from  the  throne  saying :  Behold  a  taber- 
nacle of  God  ^^•ith  men,  and  he  "s^ill  ihxeW  Avith  them. 
And  they  shall  l)e  his  people:  and  CJod  himself  with  them 
shall    be    their    God." 

"It  is  natural,  l)eloved  brethren,  that  the  sentiments 
which    are    uppermost  within  the   breast  shoidd   be    the  first 


CIU'RCII  OF  THE  I\[OS'r  IIoJ^Y  KKDEKMEK.  p^CA 

to  seek  for  utterance;  ;ui(I  therefore  is  it  that  the  words 
A\liich  1  am  prompted  to  address  to  you  upon  this  truly 
joyful  occasion  are  words  of  sincere  and  eaiiiest  cong-ratu- 
lation.  I  congratulate  you  upon  the  arrival  of  this  long 
wished- for  day.  I  congratulate  the  illustrious  Archbishop, 
who  honors  you  ^\•ith  liis  presence,  and  who  has  the  con- 
sol:;tion  to  hcliold,  this  day,  another  beautiful  and  glo- 
rious temj)le  raised  to  the  lionor  of  the  living  Clod  and 
adorning  his  ^Metropolitan  See.  I  congratulate  in  a  special 
manner  the  zealous  and  pious  Fathers  AA-hose  hearts 
more  than  any  others  must  at  this  moment  overflow 
Avith  feelings  of  thanksgiving  and  joy  in  this  happy  ac- 
complishment of  their  labors,  their  sacrifices,  and  their 
toils.  I  congratitlate  you,  faithful  and  generous  German 
people,  and  I  congratulate  all  Avho  ai-e  brought  Avithin 
these  noAV  halloAved  Avails  and  in  the  presence  of  this 
ncAvly  consecrated  altar,  to  join  in  one  common  chorus 
of  jubilation  their  imited  tribute  of  praise  and  j)rayer 
and  thanks.  A  good  Avork  has  been  successfully  accom- 
plished. A  labor  of  loA'e  has  been  happily  achieved. 
Here  on  this  spot,  by  the  side  of  that  rude  and  simple 
temple  in  AA-hich  but  yesterday  you  Avorshiped  together, 
there  rises  in  beauteous  and  striking  contrast  Avith  it  — 
an  evidence  not  only  of  your  increasing  numbers,  but 
also  of  your  increasing  generosity  and  zeal  —  a  grand 
and  glorious  temple,  fair  in  its  proportions,  majestic  in  its 
parts,    honorable    to    the    mind   that    conceiA'ed   and    designed 


362  CATHOLIC  CHUliCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

it,  creditable  to  tlie  hands  by  whose  industry  it  was  raised, 
and  more  especially  to  those  by  whose  toils  and  sacrifices 
it  has  been  brought  to  this  crowning  work  here  standing, 
and  to  stand  a  monument  of  Catholic  generosity  and 
Catholic  zeal  existing  in  the  hearts  of  the  people.  This 
is  the  temple  of  God,  to  be  bequeathed  as  a  precious 
legacy  to  your  children,  and  yoiu"  children's  childi'en,  Avho, 
in  ages  to  come,  shall  gather  around  this  same  altar  and 
offer  up  their  fervent  praise  and  prayers  and  bless  the 
names  and  memories  of  their  fathers.  In  all  this,  then,  my 
beloved  bretlu-en,  there  is  just  cause  for  my  congratula- 
tions, and  abundant  cause  likewise  for  your  joy.  Yet 
this,  after  all,  fomis  but  a  small  portion  of  the  i-enl  and 
more  exalted  reason  for  the  festivity  of  this  great  day. 
You  rejoice,  and  we  all  rejoice,  because  that  upon  this 
day  this  temple  has  been  solenmly  and  religiously  con- 
secrated to  the  worship  of  the  one  true  and  ever-living 
God.  It  was  for  Him  that  you  have  reared  it.  It  is 
to  Him  that  j^ou  have  this  day  offered  it ;  and  it  is 
therefore  to  the  God  of  Heaven,  who  has  this  day  ac- 
cepted your  offering,  and  He  will  come  full  soon  to 
give  the  evidence  thereof  He  Avill  come  Himself  to 
take  possession  of  His  sanctuary.  He  Avill  come  Himself 
to  make  it  here  His  tabernacle — a  tabernacle  of  God  with 
men,  where  He  shall  be  their  God,  and  they  shall  be 
His  people.  The  tokens  of  His  presence  will  be  given, 
not    indeed     as    they    Avere    of    old,    in    the    fire    that    de- 


CHURCH  OF  THE  MOST  ]I()LY  REDEEMER.  363 

scended  from  lieaven  to  consume  the  sacrifice,  nor  in  the 
coming-  down  in  a  cloiul,  filling-  the  temple  awfully  and 
terribly  with  His  majesty,  so  that  the  priest  could  no 
longer  adnunister  therein,  oppressed  with  the  excess  of 
g-lory  ;  but  He  will  come  with  His  divinity  sliadowed  and 
His  glory  veiled.  He  will  come,  even  with  a  real  and 
more  abiding-  presence.  He  will  come  in  the  humble 
garb  of  His  humanity.  He  will  come  as  a  father  and 
a  friend  to  invite  us  to  appro;ich  Ilim,  to  allow  us  to 
draw  near,  to  listen  to  om*  prayers,  to  hear  our  sighs, 
and  to  receive  us  to  His  own  loving  embrace.  And, 
oh!  my  brethren,  it  is  this  great  and  mighty  truth  of 
Catholic  faith  that  raises  every  Catholic  heart  on  this 
proud  day.  It  is  this  great  truth  of  the  real  and  abid- 
ing presence  of  Jesus  Christ  in  the  sacrifice  and  the  sac- 
rament of  our  altars,  that  is  the  true  heart,  the  true  life- 
spring  of  C-atholic  piety  and  Catholic  faith.  It  is  this 
that  is  the  source  and  centre  of  all  our  aspiirations,  of 
aU  oiir  desires,  and  of  all  our  love.  It  is  this  that  is 
the  source  of  all  that  is  g-rand,  and  all  that  is  beautiful, 
and  all  that  is  majestic,  and  all  that  is  holy  in  the 
Catholic  Church  —  that  spouse  coming  down  from  lieaven 
prepared  as  a  bride  for  her  husband;  and  when  God  has 
chosen  His  tabernacle.  He  will  be  with  }-ou,  Aour  God, 
and   you    will   be    His    people. 


* 


As    your   pious  fathers,   in  tlie    lands    of   youi*  birth. 


364  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

raised  yovi  those  glorious  and  majestic  })iles  in  honor  of 
their  faith,  and  in  attestation  of  their  piety  and  zeal, 
so  here  noAv,  in  this  new  land  in  which  God  lias  placed- 
you — where  He  has  blessed  the  fruit  of  j'our  hands 
and  the  sweat  of  your  brow — you  will  show  that  there 
is  within  you  the  same  faith ;  that  the  same  generosi- 
ty burns  in  your  bosoms,  and  that  there  is  the  same 
zeal  in  all  your  actions  and  in  all  your  thoughts.  Oh ! 
then  let  us  rally  roiuid  that  altar  and  around  that  sac- 
rament. Let  us  encircle  it,  not  only  with  material  bodies, 
but  with  souls  full  of  faith,  and  full  of  piety  and  zeal. 
Let  us  love  it.  Let  us  come  to  it  in  our  wants,  in  our 
misery,  and  even  in  our  sin,  tliat  there  we  lufiy  be 
strengthened,  that  there  we  may  be  pm-ified,  that  there 
we  may  be  made  whole,  and  that  so  at  all  times  we 
may  worship  within  its  temple  here,  so  that  in  another 
day  we  may  be  made  worthy  to  Avorship  in  that  other 
temple,  where,  brought  into  the  light  and  brightness  of 
God's  OAA'u  glorious  presence,  and  prostrate  before  the 
altar  of  Go<l,  we  may  join  in  chortis  Avith  cherubim  and 
seraphim    and    archangels    and    angels : 

"  Amen.  Benediction  and  honor  and  glory  and 
jjraise  and  wisdom  and  j'ower  and  diAinity  be  to  Him 
who    sitteth   upon   the    throne,    and    to    the    Lamb    forcA^er." 

The  chiu'ch,  in  spite  of  its  vast  size,  was  soon  fuUv 
attended,  and  school-houses  adajited  to  the  Avants  oi  a 
large   congregation   speedily   greAA'   up    beside  the    House   of 


CIIUJICII  OF  THE  JIOST  JIOLY  liKDKinrEI!.  3,^5 

God.  Tliat  tor  the  l)oys  was  umler  tlic  v:\vv  df  tlic  I;i\- 
teachers,  wliile  the  girls  were  phiced  under  the  du-ection 
of  the  experienced  School  Sisters  of  Notre  Dame.  The 
present   school-house    was    blessed    in    November,    1873. 

The  convent  attached  to  the  church  was  not  merely 
for  the  Fathers  in  charge  of  the  congregation,  but  was 
the  residence  of  several  devoted  especially  to  the  great 
work  of  giving  missions  in  the  various  churches  through- 
out the  country,  to  Avhich  they  were  invited,  in  order, 
by  their  series  of  sermons,  instructions,  and  private  con- 
ferences, to  arouse  the  faith  of  Catholics  by  a  clear 
explanation  of  their  doctrine  and  duties,  and  the  respon- 
sibility resting  on  each.  Protestants  anxious  to  know  the 
real  faith  and  practice  of  Catholics  often  attended  these 
instructions,  and  a  mission  seldom  closed  Avithout  seeing 
the  Fathers  receive  some  soul,  long  tossed  with  doubt, 
into  the  peaceful  haven  of  the  Church.  The  Redemptor- 
ists  began  their  first  English  missions  in  1851,  and  have 
left  the  impress  of  their  labors  in  all  parts.  The  Mis- 
sion Book,  to  keep  alive  the  fruit  of  the  mission,  was 
published,  and  has  been  circidated  by  hundreds  of 
thousands. 

Their  convents  are  also  oi)en  for  i)rivate  retreats  by 
men  who  wish  to  devote  a  few  days  to  self-examina- 
tion   and    prayer. 

The  rectors  of  the  Church  of  the  Most  Holy  Re- 
deemer, after  the   Rev.  Father  Mueller,  have  been:  — 


366  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

1854,  Rev.  Joseph    Helmpraecht,  C.SS.R 

1860,  Aug.,  Rev.    R.  Kleineidam,  C.SS.R.,  ad  interim. 

1861,  Feb.,  Rev.    Laurence    Holzer,    C.SS.R. 

1862,  May,  Rev.    Leopold    Petscii,    C.SS.R. 
1865,  May,  Rev.    Maximilian    Leimgruber,   C.SS.R. 
1871,  June,  Rev.    Joseph    Wirth,    C.SS.R. 

1877,     July,   Rev.    Thaddeus    Anwander,    C.SS.R. 

Tlie  parochial  scliools  at  present  contain  six  hundred 
and  ten  boys,  under  eight  Brothers  of  IMary,  and  five 
hundi-ed    girls   under   the    School    Sisters     of    Notre    Dame. 

The  same  Sisters  conduct  an  excellent  academy  for 
young  ladies  at  No.  218  East  Fom-th  Street,  where  sixty 
pupils    pursue    the   highest   branches    of  education. 

Attached  to  the  church  are  the  Ai-chconfratemity  of 
the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary  for  the  Conversion  of  Sinners; 
the  Confraternity  of  the  Holy  Family;  Rosary,  Purgato- 
rian    and  Altar    societies,  with   several    sodalities. 

The  Reverend  Fathers  at  an  early  peinod  found  that 
there  was  an  especial  want  for  an  orphan  asylum  for 
the  children  of  German  parentage.  This  led  to  the  estab- 
lishment of  the  St.  Joseph's  Orphan  Asylum,  now  at 
Eighty -ninth  Street  and  Avenue  A,  imder  the  School 
Sisters  of  Notre  Dame.  St.  Francis  Hospital,  Nos.  407-409 
Fifth  Street,  is  noAv  imder  the  care  of  the  Sisters  of 
the  Poor  of  St.  Francis ;  and  also  receives  the  spiritual 
ministration  of  the  Redemptorists.  It  contains  about  two 
hundred   patients,    attended  by  thirty    Sisters. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  MOST  HOLY  REDEEMER.  3G7 


REV.  THADDEUS  ANWANDER,  C.SS.R., 

RECTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH  OF    THE   MOST  HOLY  REDEEMER. 


T 


PIE  Rev.  Father  Thaddens  Anwander,  of  the  Con- 
o-reffation  of  the  Most  llolv  Redeemer,  an  order 
of  missionary  priests  founded  by  St.  Alphonsus  Liguori, 
B.C.D.,  was  born  at  Wendelheim,  in  Bavaria,  in  the 
Diocese  of  Angsbnrg,  October  28th,  1823.  He  made  his 
early  studies  under  the  Benedictines  at  tlieir  college  in 
Avigsbiu'g,  but  completed  his  philosophical  and  theolog- 
ical studies  at  Freiburg,  in  Switzerland.  He  came  to  the 
United  States  on  the  8th  of  January,  1845,  and  was 
ordained  priest  by  the  Most  Reverend  Samiiel  Eccleston, 
Ai'chbishop    of  Baltimore,    December    6th,    1846. 

He  was  then  employed  on  missions  of  his  order  in 
varioxis  parts — for  several  years  in  Baltimore,  chiefly  at 
St.  Michael's  Church ;  then  in  New  Orleans,  where  he 
was  for  some  years  Superior ;  then,  after  a  time  spent 
in   Cumberland,    again  in   Baltimore. 

On  the  26th  of  October,  1868,  he  was  made  rector 
of  St.  James'  Convent,  connected  with  the  chm'cli  of  that 
name,  on  Aisquith  and  Eager  Streets,  Baltimore.  Subse- 
quent   to    this    we    find    him    at    the    Convent    and    House 


3fi8  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

of  Studies  at  Ilchester,  Maryland,  at  the  new  mission  at 
Cliatawa,  Mississippi,  where  he  was  Superior;  rector  of 
the  Convent  of  St.  Joseph  at  Rochester  in  1874,  holding 
that  position  till  his  appointment,  in  July,  1877,  as  rector 
of  the  Convent  of  the  Most  Holy  Redeemer  in  New 
York. 

It  will  be  seen  that  he  brings  to  his  position  as  pas- 
tor of  this  important  church,  the  experience  of  more  than 
thirty  years  spent  in  the  active  duties  of  a  missionary 
life,  in  all  the  various  forms  of  priestly  labor;  and  more- 
over, that  administrative  talent  which  has  placed  him  dur- 
ing the  last  ten  years  almost  constantly  in  important 
situations  as  superior  of  houses  and  missions. 

He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Council  of  his  Emi- 
nence  as   Archbishop   of    New   York. 

The  community  at  the  convent,  No.  173  Third 
Street,  in  1878,  comprises,  beside  the  rector,  the  Rev. 
Robei't  Kleineidam,  C.SS.R.;  the  Rev.  Rhabanus  Preis, 
C.SS.R.;  the  Rev.  Charles  Kuenzer,  C.SS.R.;  the  Rev. 
Charles  Sclimidt,  C.SS.R.;  the  Rev.  ]\Iatthias  Kuborn, 
C.SS.R.;  the  Rev.  John  T.  Blanche,  C.SS.R.;  the  Rev. 
James   Rein,    C.SS.R. 


CHUKCH  OF  THE  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION. 

EAST    FOUETKUNTH    STREET. 


24 


CHURCH  OF  THE  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION. 

EAST    FOUKTEENTH    STREET. 


IN  view  of  the  increasing  number  of  Catholics  on 
the  east  side  of  the  city,  the  Most  Reverend 
Archbishop  Hughes,  in  1853,  secvired  lots  for  a  new 
chvirch,  which  were,  however,  subsequently  exchanged  for 
the  site  now  occupied  by  the  Church  of  the  Immaculate 
Conception. 

The  late  Sovereign  Pontiff,  the  great  Pius  IX.,  on 
the  8th  of  December,  1854,  declared  it  to  be  of  faith 
that  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary  was  never  subject  to  orig- 
inal sin — that  she  was  conceived  without  sin,  and  was 
thus  ever  immaculate.  Such  had  been  the  constant  be- 
lief in  the  Chvirch,  though  not  distinctly  defined.  The 
faithful  tlu-ougliout  the  world  showed  their  love  and  de- 
votion to  Mary,  hailing  this  act  of  the  Vicar  of  Chi'ist 
as  a  new  crown  of  glory  to  their  beloved  patroness. 
Archbishop  Hughes  resolved  to  erect  on  the  site  already 
acquired  a  chm-ch  of  the  Immaculate  Conception  as  a 
monmnent   of    the   great   act   of    Pius   IX. 

On  the  15tli  of  June,  1855,  he  appointed  the  Rev. 
Bernard  Farrelly  to  commence  the  work.  He  was  a 
young    clergyman    recently    ordained,    zealous    and    active. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION.        371 

lie  collected  the  Catholics  of  his  district  in  a  temporar}- 
clmrch  on  Fifteenth  Street,  on  the  15th  of  August,  and 
.began  collecting  money  to  erect  the  chiu-ch.  Plis  health, 
hoM^ever,  failed,  and  early  in  the  autumn  he  was  com- 
pelled   to    resign    the    undertaking. 

On  the  2oth  of  October,  the  Most  Reverend  Arch- 
bishop confided  the  undertaking  to  the  Rev.  John  Ryan, 
an  active  and  zealous  priest  who  had  already  organized 
the  first  church  at  Yonkers,  and  erected  the  Church  of 
St.    Francis    Xavier   in    New    York    Citv. 

He  undertook  the  task  of  building  up  a  chui-ch  in 
the  parochial  district  assigned  to  him,  with  all  the  zeal 
he  had  displayed  in  other  fields.  He  soon  enlarged  the 
temporary  chapel,  in  order  to  accommodate  the  fliithful 
and    give    all    the    opportunity    of    hearing   mass. 

Meanwhile  the  corner-stone  of  the  new  church  was 
laid  with  appropriate  ceremonies  by  the  Very  Rev. 
William  Starrs,  on  the  8th  of  December,  1855,  the 
Archbishop  being  absent.  It  was  a  time  of  financial 
distress  and  panic.  Thousands  were  unemployed,  and 
it  was  difficult  to  undertake  and  carry  on  the  most 
essential  work.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Ryan  went  on  collect- 
ing for  two  years,  pushing  on  the  work  of  his  church 
meanwhile.  The  ladies,  to  honor  the  Blessed  Virgin  by 
a  fair,  in  November,  1857,  contributed  not  a  little  to  aid 
him  in  his  work.  The  fair  was  held  in  the  new  chm-ch, 
and     was     visited      b}-     the     Most     Reverend     Ai'chbishop. 


372       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YOEK. 

He  ascended  the  platform  wliere  the  altar  was  soon  to 
be  erected,  and  addi-essed  the  large  audience  gathered 
there  to  hear  him.  He  expressed  his  deUght  at  their 
number  and  at  the  beauty  of  the  church.  "It  is  a 
proof,"  he  said,  "  of  your  faith  and  yom-  zeal  to  pro- 
mote so  noble  a  work.  When  the  dogma  of  which  the 
chui'ch  is  to  be  a  memorial  and  a  monument  was  pro- 
claimed as  an  article  of  faith,  I  was  but  four  or  five 
feet  distant  from  the  Hoi}'  Father.  Just  at  that  moment 
I  resolved  on  my  return  to  New  York  to  erect  a  church 
to  commemorate  the  e^^ent.  I  kneAv  that  the  Catholics 
of  this  city  would  enable  me  to  carry  out  that  resolu- 
tion, but  I  desire  especially  that  the  ladies  of  New  York 
— the  childi'en,  the  daughters  of  Mary — shall  have  the 
credit  and  honor  of  this  church,  raised  as  a  monument 
of  the  Immaculate  Conception.  I  feel  happy  that  I  liave 
not  been  deceived  or  disappointed.  How  consoling  to 
those  who  have  contributed  to  this  church,  as  well  as  to 
those  who  conduct  and  patronize  this  fair,  to  reflect  that 
when  they  and  all  of  us  have  passed  away,  and  are  con- 
signed to  our  last  resting-place,  to  make  way  for  another 
generation,  many  a  heart  will  coiue  before  the  altar  to  be 
here  erected,  burdened  with  a  load  of  misery,  to  send  peti- 
tions from  this  shrine  to  the  tin-one  of  gi'ace  and  mercy  — 
that  many  such  a  heart  will  depart  from  here  lightened 
of    its   burden,    full   of   joy,   of  peace,    and   happiness." 

Thus    encouraged,    the    fair    met    with    great     sviccess, 


CHURCH  OF  THE  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION.         373 

so    that    the    good     jiastor    was    enabled    to    complete    his 
cluirch.       It   was   dedicated    May    16th,    1858.       The   Most 
Reverend  Archbishop,  interested   in    a  work   which   he    had 
suggested    and    encouraged,    came    in   person  to    bless    the 
work,   accompanied   by  the    Rt.  Rev.    John  Loughlin,  D.D., 
Bishop    of  Brooklyn,   and    the    Rt.  Rev.  John    Bairy,  D.D., 
Bishop     of    Savannah.         Besides    the    pastor   of    the    new 
church   and    his    assistant,  the    Rev.  Eugene  Maguire,   there 
were  present    clergymen  from  nearly  all  the  city    churches. 
The     ceremony    of     dedication     took     place     at     eight 
o'clock,   with  the  usual  imposing  eifect,   and   the    edifice  of 
stone    and    brick    was   no    longer   a    common    house,    but    a 
temple    sacredly    set    apart    for    the    service    of    the    Living 
God    under    the    invocation    of    the    Blessed   Virgin    Mary, 
conceived   without    sin. 

The  awful  sacrifice  of  the  mass  was  soon  offered 
with  solemn  pontifical  rite  at  the  newly  hallowed  altar,  by 
the  Right  Reverend  Bishop  Loughlin  of  Brooklyn,  with 
deacon  and  subdeacon.  His  Grace  Archbishop  Hughes 
then  delivered  a  sermon,  taking  as  his  text  the  words 
of  the  Psalmist:  "How  lovely  are  thy  tabernacles,  O 
Lord  of  hosts.  My  soul  longeth  and  fainteth  for  the 
coiu-ts  of  the  Lord.  My  heart  and  my  flesh  have  re- 
joiced in  the  living  God.  For  the  sparrow  hath  found 
herself  a  house:  and  the  turtle  a  nest  for  herself,  where 
she  may  lay  her  young  ones.  Thy  altars,  0  Lord  of 
hosts:    my  king,    and   my  God."    (Psalm   Ixiii.  2-4.)    After 


374  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

dwellino-  on  the  nature  of  tlie  consecration  and  dedica- 
tion  of  chnrches,  lie  said:  "This  chnrcli  has  i-eceived 
not  merely  the  ordinary  blessing-.  There  is  a  most  im- 
portant consideration  to  be  addeil  to  the  sacred  ceremony. 
It  is  the  tirst  chui-ch  on  earth  -\vliich  has  been  set  apart 
to  the  honor  of  the  dogmatical  doctrine  of  the  immacu- 
late nature  of  the  ^fother  of  Christ.  The  clnu-ch  is 
doubtless  dedicated,  as  all  others  are,  to  the  Supreme 
Being,  but  it  is  placed  under  the  sjiecial  care  of  the 
Blessed  Virarin  as  Mary  Innnaculate.  It  is  the  first 
sacred  consecration  to  the  truth  of  the  Innnaculate  Con- 
ception—  to  the  declaration  that  the  IIol}-  Virgin  was 
never  sullied  by  any  taint  of  original  sin."  He  then 
explained  the  doctrine,  so  generall}'  misunderstood  ;  went 
over  the  ceremony  of  dedication,  and  showed  how  con- 
sonant it  Avas  with  Scripture  and  the  earl}'  records  of 
Christendom.  "  For  so  miworthy  a  minister  of  Christ 
as  myself,"  he  continued,  "  I  think  it  sufficient  happi- 
ness that  I  have  lived  to  see  this  last  great  evidence 
of  the  mercy  of  God  to  man  })ronoiinced  as  a  doctrine 
by  the  Head  of  the  Church  on  earth.  I  had  the  hap- 
piness to  be  present  at  the  time  that  the  Innnaculate 
Conception  was  so  declared,  and  I  could  not  help  think- 
ing even  then  how  well  it  would  be  for  the  Catholics 
of  New  York  to  consecrate  a  temple  to  God  in  honor 
of  the  event  —  an  event  for  which  every  pious  Christian 
can  never    cease    to    ])less    God." 


CHURCH  OF  THE  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION.         r.75 

The  zealous  founder  of  the  church  rem.iined  its 
pastor  till  his  death,  March  22d,  1861.  He  had  been 
assisted  during  his  pastorship  by  the  Rev.  Messrs.  Mc- 
Evoy,  Lutz,  Maguire,  and  Oliver  O'Hara.  The  Rev.  Dr. 
AVilliam  Plowden  j\Iorrogh  Avas  then  appointed,  and  his 
pastorship  extended  till  his  death,  in  Italy,  October  23d, 
1875.  During  his  long  incumbency  he  Avas  assisted  by 
the  Rev.  Messrs.  C.  A.  Farrell,  P.  J.  Maguire,  John  J. 
Hughes,    George     C.    j\Iiu-phy,    and     Patrick     ]\Ialone. 

Dr.  Mon'Ogh  was  a  priest  of  learning  and  ability, 
who  went  from  St.  Joseph's  Seminary  to  the  Propa- 
ganda, where  he  won  his  doctor's  cap.  On  his  return,  he 
was  President  of  St.  Joseph's  Theological  Seminary  and 
pastor    of    the    Church    of  Our    Lady  of   Mercy. 

He  erected,  early  in  1864,  a  fine  school-house  adjoin- 
ing the  church,  and  fm-nished  it  thoroughly.  Finding 
the  church  too  small,  he  began,  about  1871,  to  extend 
it  to  Fifteenth  Street.  NotAvithstanding  his  failing  health, 
he  was  able  to  complete  this  Avork,  making  it  one  of  the 
finest  chiu'ches  in  the  city.  The  altar  is  of  marble,  sur- 
mounted by  four  stained  chancel  AvindoAvs;  on  Avliich  are 
representations  of  the  Saviour,  the  Blessed  Virgin,  St. 
Joseph,  and  St.  Ann.  Under  these  Avindows  are  statues 
of  the  Blessed  Virgin  and  child,  St.  Catharine,  St.  Teresa, 
St.  Peter,  and  St.  Paul.  Handsome  altars,  dedicated  to 
St.  Joseph  and  the  Virgin,  stand  at  either  side  of  the 
grand    altar,    while   figui-es    of  St.    Patrick,     St.    Vincent    de 


376  CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Paul,  St.  Andrew,  and  St.  Bridget,  decorate  the  stained 
windows   at   either   side    of  the    sanctuary. 

The  assistants  during  the  term  of  Dr.  Morroffh  were 
the  Rev.  Richard  Brennan,  Rev.  Clu-istopher  A.  Farrell, 
Rev.  William  Hussey,  Rev.  F.  St.  John,  Rev.  J.  Pro- 
fillat.  Rev.  P.  McGruire,  Rev.  John  Hughes,  Rev.  George 
C    Murphy,    Rev.    P.    Malone,    and    Re^'.    John    S.    Colton. 

The  church  has,  since  1875,  had  as  parish  priest 
the  Rev.  Jolin  Edwards,  who  is  assisted  in  his  arduous 
duties  by  the  Rev.  Patrick  Malone,  the  Rev.  John  Doyle, 
the  Rev.  Denis  P.  OTlynn,  and  the  Rev.  Edward 
Slattery. 

The  parish  schools,  organized  soon  after  the  erection 
of  the  church,  have  been  fostered  with  zealous  care. 
The  boys,  who  number  nine  hundred  and  twenty-six,  are 
under  the  direction  of  seventeen  lay  teachers,  while  the 
girls,  who  are  guided  by  the  Sisters,  number  eleven 
hundred  and  thirty-six.  The  Catholic  population  of  the 
parish,   by   actual    count   in    1878,    was    16,940. 

There  are  many  flourishing  societies  connected  with 
the  church  —  the  Ladies'  Sodality  of  the  Blessed  Virgin, 
the  Sodalities  of  the  Holy  Infancy,  of  the  Holy  Angels, 
of  the  Holy  Name ;  the  Living  Rosary,  Sodality  of  the 
Sacred  Heart  of  Jesus,  Young  Men's  Immaculate  Concep- 
tion Sodality,  St.  Aloysius  Sodality,  the  Immaculate  Con- 
ception Mutual  Benefit  Temperance  Society,  and  Confer- 
ence   of  the    Society    of  St.    Vincent    de    Paul. 


CIlURGll  OF  TUE  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION.         377 


REV.    JOHN    EDWARDS, 

PASTOR   OF   THE   CHURCH   OF   THE   IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION. 


THE  energetic  pastoi-  of  tlio  populous  parish  of  the 
Immaciihite  Conception  was  bom  in  KiUaloe, 
in  the  County  Ch^re,  Ireland,  and  was  baptized  in  the 
chiu'ch  of  his  native  place  on  the   12th  of  January,    1833. 

His  early  education  w-as  received  in  the  local  schools ; 
but  when  the  family,  in  the  spring-  of  1849,  emigrated  to 
this  country,  he  came  to  the  land  which  figures  so  brightly 
in  the  di'eanis  of  many  a   youth. 

His  father  settled  at  Hartford,  where  the  vounff  man 
spent  the  next  four  }"ears ;  then,  eager  to  continue  his 
studies,  he  came  to  New  York.  After  three  years,  his  wishes 
were  realized,  by  his  entering  the  College  of  St.  Francis 
Xavier.  Here  he  became  an  earnest  student,  and  so  at- 
tracted the  attention  of  the  Fathers  by  liis  faculty  for 
teacliing  that  he  was  induced  to  take  charge  of  one  of 
the   classes   of  the   college 

Here  he  remained  until  the  fall  of  1864,  when,  anx- 
ious to  complete  his  theological  coiu-se,  he  entered  the 
Provincial  Seminai-y  at  Troy,  which  had  just  been  opened. 
He  passed  rapidly  tlu-ough  his  com'se,  was  ordained  sub- 
deacon  in  May,  1866,  and  appointed  by  tlie  Bishop 
treasiu-er     of    the     Seminary.       He    received    the    order   of 


378  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

deacon  on  August  16tli,  and  was  ordained  ])riest  by  the 
present   Cardinal    Archbishop,    on    Angtist    17th,   1866. 

He  continued  to  labor  in  the  senunary  for  seven 
years.  When  he  returned  to  New  York,  he  was  sent  to 
help  the  good  Dr.  Morrogh  at  the  Church  of  the  Imma- 
culate Conception. 

The  heavy  cares  of  the  pastorate,  and  his  untiring 
exertions  in  the  cause  of  Catholic  education,  so  told  upon 
the  doctor's  health  that  he  was  compelled  to  seek  rest 
abroad.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Edwards  was  appointed  to  take  his 
place  and  continue  his  work ;  and  on  the  death  of  the 
doctor,  which  occurred  the  following  j^ear,  at  Albano, 
Italy,   he   became   his   successor. 

Devoted  for  so  many  years  to  the  cause  of  education, 
he  could  not  be  indifferent  to  the  wants  of  the  children 
in  the  parish.  The  school-house  erected  by  the  zeal  of 
Dr.  Morrogh,  and  the  generosity  of  his  ])eople,  immense  as 
it  seemed,  proved  inadequate  when  Rev.  Mr.  Edwards,  by 
actual  count,  learned  the  number  of  adults  and  chikh-en  in 
his  district.  He  resolved  that  not  a  Catholic  child  of  the 
parish  of  the  Immaculate  Conception  should  remain  outside 
his  schools  for  want  of  proper  accommodations.  He  has  re- 
cently obtained  a  tenement  house  in  the  rear  of  the  paro- 
chial school,  and  by  remo%nng  the  partitions  and  putting  it 
in  proper  condition,  is  able  to  accommodate  four  hundi-ed 
more  children ;  and  yet,  at  the  beginning  of  1878,  the 
schools  contained  over  two  thousand  children,  under 
twenty-eight   teachers. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  IMiAIAOULATE  CONCEPTION.         379 


R 


OLL    OF 


H 


ONOR 


[EAST  FOURTEENTH  STREET.] 


Alslieiiiier,  Andrew. 
/Vrcher,  John. 
Brady,  Patrick. 
Brown,  James. 
Burns,  Timothy. 
Butler,  Margaret,  Mrs 
Casey,  Hugh. 
Conaghy,  Patrick. 
Connelly,  Mary  A 
Corrigan,  William. 
Costigan,  James. 
Cunningham,  John. 
Cunningham,  Patrick 
Dalton,  Thomas. 
Daly,  Thomas. 
Donlan,  Michael  J. 
Duffy,  Nicholas. 
Egan,  Michael. 
Pagan,  John. 
Fagan,  Thomas. 
Finnen,  John. 
Gallagher,  William. 
Gibney,  James. 
Gillespie,  Peter. 


Goggin,  Joseph  R. 
Golden,  Michael. 
Goodman,  Patrick. 
Gough,  Michael. 
Grinnon,  Lawrence. 
Hayes,  Michael. 
Higgins,  James  F. 
Hirchy,  Denis. 
Mrs.    Hughes,  John. 
Hurley,  John. 
Keegan,  Patrick. 
Kelly,  Owen. 
Kelly,  Patrick. 
Kelly,  Thomas. 
Knape,  Carl  A. 
Lestrange,  John. 
Loonan,  Thomas. 
Lynch,  John. 
McCabe,  Charles  F. 
McCann,  John. 
McDermott,  Philip. 
McGough,  Terence. 
McGuire,  Bartholomew. 
Mclnerny,  William. 


McQuade,  .Arthur  J. 
Masterson,  Patrick. 
Maxcy,  D. 
Mohan,  James. 
Monaghan,  Thomas  F. 
Moore,  James. 
Moore,  James,  Mrs. 
Mulcahy,  Edward. 
Mulready,  Owen. 
O'Brien,  Hugh. 
O'Connell,  John. 
O'Hare,  Henry. 
Purcell,  Thomas. 
Raymond,  George. 
Reilly,  Thomas  B. 
Relger,  Thomas. 
Rowe,  Thomas. 
Rush,  Sebastian. 
Skelly,  James  Joseph. 
Smith,  Honora,  Mrs. 
Timoney,  Francis. 
Tracey,  John. 
Trainor,  James. 
Wiegers,  Eliza,  Mrs. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION. 

ONE    HUNDRED  AND  FIFTV'-FIRST  STREET  AND  THIRD  AVENUE, 

MELROSE. 


IN  the  year  1852,  the  Rev.  Caspar  Metzler,  a  Ger- 
man pi-iest,  then  recently  added  to  the  diocese, 
began,  with  the  encouragement  of  the  Most  Reverend 
Ai-clibishop,  to  collect  his  Catholic  countrymen  who  had 
settled  in  what  was  then  knoAvn  as  Melrose,  a  new 
town  in  Westchester  County.  The  parishioners  were 
neither  numerous  nor  largely  endowed  with  this  w^orld's 
goods ;  but,  rejoicing  to  have  a  priest  to  minister  to 
them,  they  erected  a  little  wooden  church,  and  some 
years  later  built  a  brick  house  for  the  residence  of  their 
pastor. 

The  chm-ch  was  dedicated  May  29th,  1853,  to  the 
Immacvilate  Conception  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mar}^,  by 
the  reverend  pastor,  assisted  by  other  clergymen  who 
came  to  encourage  him  in  his  good  but  modest  work. 
In  this  humble  slu-ine  the  Catholics  continued  to  meet 
for  several  years,  Rev.  Mr.  Metzler  remaining  their  parish 
priest  till  the  year  1864,  when  he  was  succeeded  by  the 
Rev.  M.  W.  Kaider,  who  remained  about  two  years. 
The    Rev.   Francis    Karel,   now  chaplain  of  the    Missionary 


382  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Sisters  of  St.  Francis  at  Peekskill,  was  parish  priest  till 
1872,  when  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  confided  the 
mission  to  the  Rev.  Joseph  Stnmpe.  He  found  the 
church  far  too  small  for  the  congregation  which  had 
grown  up  there ;  and,  though  tolerable  as  a  temporary 
chapel,  not  such  an  edifice  as  his  congregation  should 
be  able  to  show  as  an  evidence  of  their  attachment  to 
the  faith,  and  of  their  sense  of  the  dignity  of  the  divine 
worship. 

Before  he  had  been  many  years  in  the  parish,  the 
question  was  agitated  of  annexing  to  New  York  City 
the  southern  part  of  Westchester  County.  This  project 
was  finally  carried  out,  and  in  the  running  of  new 
streets  and  grades,  the  very  existence  of  the  old  chm-ch 
was  endangered.  One  Hundred  and  Fifty-first  Street  was 
cut  down  some  twenty-five  feet,  making  the  position  of 
the  old  church  and  the  pastoral  residence  extremely 
dangerous,  so  that  the  former  had  to  be  torn  down, 
while   steps   were   taken   to   move   the   house. 

The  reverend  pastor  did  not  proceed  rashly,  as  his 
congregation  was  not  a  wealthy  one,  and  the  times  were 
extremely  difficult,  many  being  unemployed  and  con- 
strained to  use  every  economy,  who,  under  other  cir- 
cumstances, would  have  given  generously  to  so  sacred  a 
cause.  But  there  was  pressing  want  of  a  school-house ; 
and,  bad  as  the  times  were,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Stumpe  had 
felt   that    this   could   no   longer    be   deferred.      He   accord- 


CHURCH  OF  THE  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION.         383 

iiigly  began  the  erection  of  St.  Mary's  Literary  Institute, 
a  commodious  school-house,  on  One  Hundred  and  Fifty- 
first  Street,  which  he  completed  in  the  year  1875.  It  is 
one  lumdred  and  seventy-five  feet  in  front  b}'  sixty  in 
depth.  In  view  of  the  necessity  of  abandoning  the  old 
chapel,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Stumpe  fitted  up  the  second  floor 
of  the    new    edifice    as    a    very    beautiful   little    chaj^el. 

On  Sunday,  October  3d,  1875,  this  little  church,  to 
the  joy  of  the  Catholics  of  Melrose,  Avas  solemnly  dedi- 
cated to  the  Immaculate  Conception  of  the  Blessed  Virgin 
Mary.  The  Rt.  Rev.  Thomas  A.  Becker,  D.D.,  Bishoj)  of 
Wilmington,  Delaware,  performed  the  ceremony,  many  of 
the  city  clergy,  with  the  Very  Rev.  William  Quiim,  Ad- 
ministrator of  the  Diocese  during  the  absence  of  the 
Cardinal,  being  present.  After  the  chant  of  the  Litany 
and  Psalms  had  ceased,  and  the  prayer  been  said  which 
gave  that  place  to  God's  service  and  asked  the  Al- 
mighty to  remove  far  from  it  the  cm-se  which  by 
Adam's  sin  fell  on  all  things,  a  Solemn  High  Mass  was 
offered  on    the    new   blessed    altar. 

The  Right  Reverend  Bishop  of  Wilmington  officiated 
pontifically,  with  the  Rev.  F.  W.  Gockeln,  S.J.,  President 
of  St.  John's  College,  as  assistant  priest;  Rev.  J.  Sorg  of 
Tremont  as  deacon.  Rev.  J.  B.  Bogaertz  of  New  Orleans 
as  subdeacon,  and  the  Rev.  Mr.  Stumpe,  the  pastor  of 
the  church,  as  master  of  ceremonies.  The  music  for  the 
occasion    was   of    a    high   order.     Weber's    Mass    in    G    was 


384  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

finely    rendered    by    the    choir;    while     at    the    Offertory 
Verdi's    "0    Salutaris"   was    sung  mth   great  feeling. 

After  the  gosjjel,  the  Rev.  Dr.  McGlynn  of  St.  Ste- 
phen's Cluu'ch  preached,  taking  as  his  text,  "I  am  the 
Bread  of  Life."  (St.  Jolni  vi.)  At  the  close  of  the  holy 
sacidfice   the   Bishop   gave   his   episcopal   benediction. 

The  new  ^^art  of  New  York  was  thus  dedicated  to 
the  Immaculate  Conception,  as  the  old  city  had  already 
been.  Besides  the  two  chm-ches  thus  named  to  honor 
her  especial  privilege,  other  churches  attest  the  devotion 
of  New  York  to  the  Mother  of  God.  Besides  St.  Mary's, 
there  are  the  Church  of  the  Annunciation,  the  Church 
of  our  Lady  of  the  Rosary,  the  Chm-cli  of  the  Mother 
of  Son-ows,    the    Church   of  the    Assumption. 

While  preparing  to  erect  the  church  which  is  to 
bear  the  same  title  that  the  parish  has  noAv  assumed, 
the  reverend  pastor  has  labored  to  bring  his  schools  up 
to  the  highest  standard  of  excellence.  He  may  not  be 
able  to  lay  together  the  stones  of  a  material  temple, 
but  he  can  form  the  living  members  for  the  chm'ch  of 
the  next  generation,  without  '\\-hom,  well  instructed  and 
grounded  in  the  faith,  the  finest  cluu-ch  must  in  a  few 
years   become    vacant    and    deserted. 

His  school  for  boys  is  under  the  care  of  the  expe- 
rienced Brothers  of  the  Clnistian  Schools,  and  number 
two  hundred  and  thirty ;  the  girls'  school,  somewhat  more 
numerous,  with   three   hundred  pupils,  is  taught  by  Sisters 


CHURCH  or  THE  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION.         385 

of  Christian  Charity,  a  community  founded  in  Germany 
by  the  Countess  Malinkrodt,  the  sister  of  the  great  Cath- 
oHc  leader.  Driven  from  Germany  hke  so  many  other 
Catholic  religious,  of  both  sexes,  by  a  ruler  who  dis- 
graces the  nineteenth  century  by  persecuting  and  hound- 
ing down  women  for  religion's  sake,  these  good  ladies 
sought  a  refuge  in  America,  and  have  made  Melrose  their 
first  house,  connecting  in  om-  land  the  exercises  of  the 
convent   life    with    the    name    of   Scotland's    fairest    abbey. 

The  new  clnu-ch  to  be  erected  on  the  spot  already 
hallowed  by  so  frequent  an  offering  of  the  unbloody 
sacrifice,  will  be  a  fine  Gothic  church  of  cruciform  style, 
presenting  to  the  view  a  front  of  eighty-four  feet;  and 
as  you  enter  the  portal,  a  nave  of  one  hunch-ed  and 
eighty-four  feet   in   length  will   lead   up    to    the   holy  altar. 


Roll  of  Honor 


Ahrens,  Michael. 
Alf,  John. 
Ambach,  Conrad. 
Amon,  George. 
Andreas,  John. 
Angerich,  Joseph. 
Anton,  Peter. 
Arnold,  Susanna. 
Bachmann,  John. 
Bauer,  Ernest. 


Bauer,  M. 
Becker,  Michael. 
Bender,  Joseph. 
Brandt,  George. 
Biichelberger,  Bernhard. 
Buhr,  Nicliolas. 
Burkhardt,  George. 
Burkhardt,  Michael. 
Curley,  Bridget. 
Dennerlein,  John. 


Driever,  William. 
Egbert.,  Joseph. 
Englert,  Sebastian. 
Evans,  William. 
Faulhaber,  J. 
Fisher,  Frank. 
Frey,  Joseph. 
Frohnhofer,  Lorenz. 
Geiger,  Michael. 
Geller,  M. 


386                 CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Gliick,  William. 

Lanzer,  Louis. 

Sauter,  Vinzenz. 

Greubel,  John. 

Lebert,  John. 

Schaefer,  Peter. 

Greubel,  Nicholas. 

Leifer,  Reinhardt. 

Schiesser,  John. 

Giintling,  John. 

Loeble,  Isidor. 

Schmidt,  Adam. 

Hafifen,  Carl. 

Lucht,  John. 

Schneider,  George. 

Haffen,  John. 

Martin,  Nicholas. 

Schonhardt,  Wendelein. 

Hafifen,  Matthias. 

Massert,  Franz. 

Schott,  John. 

Hauswald,  Anton. 

Mayberger,  Joseph. 

Schiissler,  Casper. 

Hecht,  Babtist. 

Meckel,  John. 

Schwabius,  George. 

Hecht,  Catharine. 

Mehlem,  John. 

Seufert,  Catharine,  Mrs. 

Hefele,  Henry. 

Meise,  Henry  A. 

Smith,  Gregory. 

Hefele,  Joseph. 

MerkHnger,  Catharine. 

Spiehler,  Anton. 

Hefele,  Simon. 

Messerschmitt,  Adam. 

Staab,  Adam. 

Heilmann,  Elizabeth. 

Messerschmitt,  Joseph. 

Steinacker,  Peter. 

Henning,  Amelia. 

Messinger,  Jacob. 

Straub,  Joseph. 

Herd,  Nicholas. 

Meyer,  Anton. 

Stumpf,  Casper. 

Hester,  Lorenz. 

Meyer,  Franz. 

Stye,  Franz. 

Hoffmann,  John. 

Miller,  Frederick. 

Tonner,  John. 

Hohn,  Henry. 

Miller,  Jacob.    ' 

Tonner,  Nicholas. 

Hubert,  John. 

Miller,  John. 

Trotter,  George  J. 

Hutzler,  George. 

Nagengast,  George. 

Truhe,  August. 

Illig,  Catharine. 

Newett,  Ignatius. 

Unlandherm,  H.,  Mrs. 

lUig,  Maria. 

Nimphius,  John. 

Vetter,  Franz. 

Kaiser,  John. 

Norz,  John. 

Vogel,  Jacob. 

Kaiser,  William. 

Oprecht,  J.  G. 

Vogler,  George. 

Kalsch,  Elizabeth,  Mrs. 

Piatt,  Peter. 

Volkoramer,  Peter. 

Karl,  John. 

Pregenzer,  Henry. 

Vorndran,  C. 

Kaufmann,  Michael. 

Pregenzer,  Philip. 

Wagner,  John. 

Knauer,  John. 

Preiser,  Peter. 

Walter,  Simon. 

Kneipel,  Frederick. 

Reis,  Andreas. 

Weber,  George. 

Krebs,  Carl. 

Reis,  Lorenz. 

Werdehoff,  Anton. 

Kretzer,  Casper. 

Reis,  Peter. 

Werthmann,  Gottfried. 

Krewet,  John. 

Ritter,  Christian. 

Wey,  Peter. 

Kullmann,  A. 

Rohr,  Michael. 

WiUig,  Franz. 

KuUmann,  Isidor. 

Ruff-,  J. 

Ziigner,  Lorenz. 

Kurz,  Paul. 

Sauter,  Louis. 

j/z^i^e^/i^yf:^/:^<^i.---i-T,^z.^^ 


CIIjURCll  or  THE  IMMACULATE  CONCEPTION 


REV.   JOSEPH    STUMPE, 

PASTOE  OF  THE   CHUECH  OF  THE   IMMACULATE   CONCEPTION, 

MELROSE. 


THE  reverend  gentleman  under  whose  intelligent 
care  and  zeal  the  Church  of  the  Immaculate 
Conception  promises  soon  to  rival  any  in  the  city,  was 
born  October  3d,  1841,  at  Ibiu-g,  in  the  Diocese  of  Os- 
nabm-g,  in  what  was  then  the  Kingdom  of  Planover.  After 
his  early  studies  in  one  of  the  thorough  German  schools, 
he  corresponded  to  the  call  of  divine  grace  and  prepared 
to  devote  himself  to  the  sanctuary.  America,  Avith  its 
vast  needs,  came  before  liim  as  a  field  for  the  exercise 
of  the  ministry ;  and  he  crossed  the  ocean  to  offer  him- 
self to  some  diocese  where  he  could  be  made  useful. 
Completing  his  theological  course,  he  was  ordained,  July 
4th,  1866,  "by  the  late  Right  Reverend  Josue  M.  Young, 
D.D.,  Bishop  of  Erie,  and  labored  with  fruit  for  some 
years  in  that  diocese.  He  erected  the  new  chiu-ch  of 
St.  Joseph,  on  Federal  Hill  in  the  City  of  Erie,  and 
directed  the  congregation  attached  to  it  from  1866  to 
1869.  He  was  then  made  pastor  of  the  Church  of 
the   luunaculate     Conception,     at     Brookville,    in     Jefferson 


388  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

County,  Pennsylvania.  The  climate  of  the  lake  shore, 
however,  proved  very  trying  to  liis  constitution,  and  he 
was  at  last  forced  to  seek  a  change.  He  came  to  New 
York  well  recommended  by  his  ordinary,  and  was  soon 
intrusted  by  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  McCloskey 
with  the  care  of  the  flock  over  which  he  now  presides. 
He  was  appointed  pastor  of  the  Church  of  the 
Immaculate  Conception,  at  Melrose,  in  1872,  and  has  been 
actively  engaged  in  his  duties  since  that  time,  as  we  have 
already   seen. 

His  career  has  won  the  approval  of  his  prelate  and 
the  affection  of  his  people.  His  zeal  for  education  has 
induced  his  flock  to  new  coui'age,  and  to  more  than  ordi- 
nary exertions  for  the  proposed    temple. 


cm:  11  oil   OF    SAINT   JA5[ES. 

JAMES    STKKET. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  JAMES. 

JAMES    STEEET. 


TWO  of  the  present  Catholic  churches  in  the  city 
originated  from  one,  the  name  of  which  has 
not  been  perpetuated  by  either.  These  are  St.  James' 
Church  in  James  Street,  and  Transfigiu'ation  Church  in 
Mott  Street.  Both  these  sprang  from  Christ  Church  in 
Ann  Street,  a  church  which,  during  its  existence,  was 
under  the  pastoral  care  of  a  learned  and  most  exem- 
plary  priest,   the    Rev.    Felix   Varela. 

He  was  born  in  Havana,  Cuba,  in  1788,  and  so 
distinguished  himself  for  learning  and  piety  that  after 
his  ordination  he  was  appointed  Professor  of  Philosoi^hy 
in  the  College  of  San  Carlos.  He  published  a  com-se  of 
philosophy  in  Latin  and  in  Spanish,  that  showed  great 
ability,  while  his  sermons  and  discourses  gave  liim  a 
widespread  reputation.  So  completely  did  he  obtain  the 
confidence  of  the  people  of  Cuba,  that  he  was  elected 
to  represent  the  island  in  the  Cortes  at  Madi-id.  On  the 
overthrow  of  the  constitutional  government  he  was  pro- 
scribed, and,  retiring  to  Gibraltar,  came  to  the  United 
States,  in  December,  1823.  '  His  merit  was  soon  recognized, 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JAMES.  391 

and  tlie  next  year  lie  was  appointed  assistant  at  St.  Petei''s. 
That  cluirch  had  already  become  too  small  to  accommodate 
the  Catholics  in  the  lower  part  of  the  city,  and  the  Rt. 
Rev.  Bishop  Dn  Bois  resolved  to  lay  off  a  new  parish  on  the 
eastern  side  of  Broadway.  This  he  confided  to  the  Rev. 
Mr.  Varela,  whose  baptismal  entries  begin  February  24th, 
1825.  Clu'ist  Church  in  Ann  Street,  a  stone  structure 
sixty-one  feet  front  by  eighty  in  depth,  which  had  been 
erected  in  1794,  and  occupied  for  some  years  by  the 
Episcopalians,  was  2)urchased  In-  Bishop  Du  Bois  for 
nineteen  thousand  dollars,  March  3,  1S27.  The  money 
was  borrowed  from  a  pious  Spaniard.  The  edifice  was 
then  fitted  up  as  a  Catholic  church,  and  solemnly 
blessed.  Here  the  Rev.  Mr.  Varela  labored  zealously 
for  several  years,  endearing  himself  to  his  flock  by  his 
piety,  devotedness,  and  vmbotmded  charity  towards  the 
poor.  His  pen-  was  never  idle.  Not  only  did  he  con- 
tinue writing  works  in  Spanish,  to  diffuse  true  Catholic 
principles  in  his  native  island,  l;)ut  in  English  he  met 
the  assailants  of  the  Church  with  a  leaminsr,  a  skill, 
and    a   perseverance    which   they    did   not   expect. 

During  the  year  1832,  the  terrible  cholera  season, 
he  was  assisted  by  the  Rev.  Joseph  A.  Scluieller,  but  on 
the  27th  of  October,  1833,  during  service  in  the  church, 
and  while  the  priest  was  actually  administering  Holy 
Communion,  a  terrible  panic  arose.  Excavation  for  an 
adjoining     building     had     so     sti-ained     the     walls    of    the 


392  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

chiirch  that  a  lai-ge  crack  was  made  in  the  wall.  For- 
tunately no  lives  were  lost.  Examination  showed  that 
the  building  was  yet  firm;  but  it  began  to  yield,  and 
soon  after  was  found  to  be  so  insecure  that  it  could  no 
longer  be  used  by  the  large  congregation.  Christ  Church 
had  to  be  abandoned,  as  it  was  found  incapable  of  being 
restored.  This  was  all  the  more  to  be  regretted  as  the 
congregation  was  prospering  and  a  free  school  had  just 
been  opened.  Steps  were  taken  to  erect  a  new  and 
suitable  building,  and  lots  in  James  Street  were  purchased 
by  the  bishop  for  that  ^^urpose.  Meanwhile,  rooms  at 
No.  45  Ann  Sta-eet  were  taken,  and  subsequently  the 
second  floor  of  No.  33  Ann  Street,  a  large  and  airy  hall, 
was   hired   as   a   chapel   and   blessed   August   2d,    1835. 

A  meeting  had  been  called  at  Christ  Church  in  May 
by  Bishop  Du  Bois,  inviting  all  friendly  to  the  erection 
of  the  new  church  in  James  Street  to  assemble,  but 
most  of  the  old  congregation  seemed  averse  to  transfer- 
ring  their   parish    church    so    far. 

The  Rev.  Dr.  Varela  accordingly  prepared  to  look 
for  a  site  more  in  accordance  with  the  wishes  of  most 
of  Ms  old  flock,  part  of  whom  joined  in  the  erection  of 
the    new    church   in   James    Street. 

The  ground  at  that  place  had  been  purchased  for 
twenty-two  thousand  dollars,  and  a  solid  structm-e  begun, 
which  is  used  to  this  day,  and  is  the  oldest  Catholic 
clnu-ch     edifice     in    the    city.       It    was    completed    in   the 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JAMES.  393 

following  year,  at  a  cost  of  tlilrty-seven  thousand  dollars. 
Never  had  Catholicity  seen  in  America  such  a  period  of 
trial  as  that  diu-ing  which  this  chm-ch  was  erected.  A 
fanatical  war  on  tlio  Chiu-ch  had  begun;  the  country  was 
deluged  with  the  most  vile  and  obscene  misrepresentations 
of  the  doctrines  and  lives  of  Catholics;  meetings  were 
held  in  Protestant  churches  and  in  public  halls  to  inflame 
the  minds  of  the  people ;  and  so  deluded  were  the  poor 
masses  whom  the  leaders  kept  buried  in  ignorance,  that 
a  Catholic  convent  at  Charlestown  was  biimed  to  the 
ground  by  a  mob,  the  Ursuline  nuns  and  their  pupils 
being  driven  from  their  home  at  night  by  violence, 
which  ]\Iassachusetts  encouraged,  for  which  she  inflicted 
no    punishment,    and   refused    all    redress. 

Bishop  Du  Bois,  while  i-eluctantl.y  allowing  his  clergy 
to  engage  in  controversy,  ai)pealed  to  his  Catholic  flock 
to  avoid  all  these  anti-Catholic  gatherings,  and  to  refrain 
carefully  from  creating  any  distm'bance  or  giving  the 
unprincipled  agitators  any  pretext  for  the  violence  they 
sought  to  commit.  It  was  amid  such  a  state  of  things 
that  the  Catholics  of  New  York  calmly  went  on  erecting 
the  new  church  in  honor  of  St.  James.  When  it  was 
decided  to  make  it  a  new  parish,  the  Right  Reverend 
Bishop  confided  it  to  the  Rev.  Andrew  BjTue,  an  Irish 
priest,  who  had  akeady  shown  his  ability  and  zeal  in 
the  Diocese  of  Charleston,  where  he  had  been  made  Vicar 
General,   and  who  had,  as  theologian,   attended  a  provincial 


394  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

council  at  Baltimore.  To  his  exertions  was  due  the  speedy 
completion  of  the  church  and  the  organization  of  the 
parish. 

St.  James'  Church  was  solemnly  dedicated  to  the 
holy  Apostle  by  the  Rt.  Rev.  Dr.  Du  Bois,  in  Septem- 
ber, 1836,  with  all  the  imposing  ceremonies,  the  position 
of  the  church  permitting  the  ritual  to  be  fully  earned 
out.  The  array  of  the  clergy  on  the  occasion  was  im- 
posing, and  the  moral  effect  of  the  whole  ceremony  on 
the  conmiunity  was  great.  Many  began  to  respect  the 
Catholic  body  for  the  firmness,  self-control,  and  devotion 
to  their  faith  which  they  exhibited  under  such  trying 
circumstances.  At  the  High  Mass  a  sermon  was  preached 
by  the  Very  Rev.  Dr.  John  Power,  pastor  of  St.  Peter's 
Church,    whose   eloquence    held    his    hearers    enthralled. 

St.  James'  Church  stood  in  the  center  of  what  was 
soon  a  large  Catholic  population;  and  though  the  extent 
of  the  parish  has  been  from  time  to  time  curtailed  by 
the  erection  of  new  churches,  it  still  has,  in  pro^iortion 
to  its  size,  one  of  the  largest  congregations  in  the 
city. 

It  is  a  solid  and  substantial  building  of  the  Roman 
order,  surmounted  by  a  cross-capped  cupola ;  the  portico 
supported  by  two  columns,  with  pilasters  at  the  sides. 
This  leads  to  the  main  entrance,  over  which,  on  a  white 
marble  tablet,  is  engraved  a  cross,  and  beneath,  "D.O.M.  S. 
JACOBO."      There    are   two    side    doors,   and  over  each    is 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JAMES.  395 

a  tablet.  One  reads:  "MY  EYES  SHALL  BE  OPEN- 
ED, AND  MY  EARS  ATTENTIVE  TO  THE  PRAY- 
ERS or  IHM  THAT  SHALL  PRAY  IN  THIS 
PLACE.  2  Paralip.  chap,  v."  The  other:  "THIS  IS 
NO  OTHER  BUT  THE  HOUSE  OF  GOD  AND  THE 
GATE   OF   HEAVEN.     Gen.   chap,   v." 

There  is  a  high  basement,  originally  nsed  as  a 
school,  and  frequently  the  scene  of  great  Catholic  gath- 
erings, especially ,  in  the  early  days  of  the  discussion  of 
the  School  Question.  The  interior  of  the  church,  since 
its  renovations,  is  finely  decorated,  and  tlte  altar  is  a 
very    handsome    one. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Byrne  continued  in  chai-ge  of  this 
congregation  for  six  years,  assisted  by  Rev.  John  Mag-in- 
nis,  and  occasionally  by  other  ^^I'iests ;  among  these  by 
Rev.  D.  W.  Bacon,  afterwards  Bishop  of  Portland,  and 
by  the  Rev.  Myles  Maxwell  and  the  Rev.  P.  Gillick. 
He  then  was  sent  to  a  new  district  and  founded  the 
Church  of  the  Nativity  and  St.  Andi'ew's,  his  merit 
causing  liim  soon  after  to  be  raised  to  the  episcopate  as 
first  Bishop  of  Little  Rock,  Arkansas.  St.  James  can 
thus  boast  of  having,  as  her  first  pastor  and  one  of  lier 
first  assistants,  clergymen  whose  merits  were  so  esteemed 
at  Rome  as  to  receive  at  the  hands  of  the  Holy 
Father   a    place    in    the    hierarchy. 

The  Rev.  John  Maginnis,  who  had  l^oen  connected 
with  the  church  from   its   foundation,    then    became   pastor. 


396  CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YOEK. 

but  was  soon  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  John  N.  Smith. 
During  his  pastorate  he  was  assisted  by  Rev.  Michael 
McCarron,  afterwards  archdeacon  of  the  diocese,  Rev. 
Wilham  Nightingale,  Rev.  Andrew  Doyle,  Rev.  Michael 
Curran,  Jr.,  now  for  many  years  pastor  of  St.  Andrew's, 
and   Rev.    John   Curoe. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Smith  was  an  energetic,  brusque,  but 
kind  and  charitable  clergyman,  thoroughly  devoted  to  his 
sacred  calling,  and  much  esteemed  by  his  flock.  When, 
in  1847,  the  emigrant  vessels  brought  over  thousands 
prostrated  or  soon  to  fall  by  that  terrible  scourge,  the  sliip 
fever,  a  call  was  made  for  priests.  Among  those  who 
went  down  cheerfully  to  the  region  of  the  shadow  of 
death  was  the  earnest  and  learned  Rev.  Mark  Murpliy. 
He  soon  sank,  a  victim  of  charity,  after  soothing  witli 
the  consolations  of  religion  hundi-eds  who  liad  crossed 
the  ocean  to  seek  comfort  and  liappiness,  Init  found  them 
only   in    the    supernatural   blessings    of  their   holy    faith. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Smith  hastened  to  attend  his  associate 
and  take  his  place,  Isut  he  himself  was  stricken  down, 
and  died  five  days  after,  Febmary  IGth,  1848,  closing 
heroically  a  career  of  twenty  years  in  the  ministry,  in 
the    dioceses    of  Baltimore    and   New  York. 

The  Rev.  Patrick  McKenna  was  then  transfen-ed  from 
St.  James'  Chm-ch,  Brooklyn.  The  energy  displayed  on 
other  missions  was  evinced  also  here.  He  soon  con- 
vinced his  flock   that  much  was   needed,  and   they  heartily 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JAMES.  397 

entered  into  all  his  jjlans  for  theii-  spiritual  improvement. 
He  gave  the  church  a  thorough  repairing,  and  purchased 
ground  on  which  he  erected  a  suitable  vestry,  which  had 
long  been  required.  A  suitable  residence  for  the  clergy 
was    also  purchased. 

But  the  great  want  in  his  eyes  was  that  of  suitable 
school  accommodations.  To  this  he  devoted  himself  heart 
and  soul.  The  parish  soon  felt  the  full  extent  of  their 
duty  in  the  matter  of  the  Catholic  education  of  their 
children,  and  were  ready  to  co-operate  fully  with  their 
pastor  in  his  efforts  to  enable  them  to  fulfill  that  duty. 
Again  Protestantism,  in  its  decay,  helped  the  Catholic  cause. 
The  Mariners'  Church,  or  Bethel,  in  Roosevelt  Street,  was 
for  sale,  and  was  pm-chased  by  the  pastor  of  St.  James', 
in  May,  1854,  for  twenty  thousand  dollars.  He  went 
among  his  parishioners  with  his  subscription  list,  headed 
by  his  own  contribution  of  twelve  hundi-ed  dollars.  Seven 
thousand  dollars  were  immediately  subscribed  and  paid. 
The  church  was  then  transformed  into  a  Catholic  school- 
house.  The  impulse  thus  given  to  education  in  the  parish 
has  never  lost  its  influence.  The  whole  district  was 
allotted  off,  and  St.  James'  Free  School  Society  established, 
under  the  patronage  of  Archbishop  Hughes.  This  so- 
ciety, which  has  been  eminently  successful,  continues  to 
this  day,  visiting  every  block  weekly,  to  collect  alike 
means   and   pupils. 

The    young   Catholics,    exposed    to    every    temptation. 


.•',98  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

are  now  shielded  1)y  a  sound  religious  education,  and 
fitted  to  encounter  the  difficulties  that  beset  them.  No- 
where, perhaps,  have  the  Catholic  body  learned  to  feel 
so  deep  an  interest  in  education  or  such  a  pride  in  their 
schools,  as  in  the  parish  of  St,  James,  and  their  efficiency 
now,  due  to  the  labors  of  the  present  pastor,  is  the 
full  growth  of  the  seed  planted  by  the  genial  ]\Ir. 
McKenna.  His  useful  career  ended  in  1858,  when  he  fell 
a  victim  to  a  disease  of  the  lungs,  which  had  already 
brou"-lit  him  to  the  verg'e  of  the  m-ave.  But  he  never 
spared  himself,  and  his  exhaiisted  frame  could  no  longer 
rally.  He  expired  February  5th,  1858.  He  was  bimed 
from  St.  James',  which  was  thronged  to  suffocation  Ijy 
his  weeping  parishioners,  while  tlie  Right  Revei'end  Bishop 
of  Brooklyn  sang  the  requiem,  and  clergymen  from  far 
and  near  came  to  render  by  their  presence  tribute  to  an 
exemplary  fellow-laborer.  Not  unjustly  did  the  eloquent 
Father  Driscol  of  the  Society  of  Jesus  take  as  liis  text 
the  words  of  the  First  Book  of  Kings  (ii.  35) :  "  And 
I  will  raise  me  up  a  faithful  priest,  who  shall  do  accord- 
ing to  my  heart  and  my  soul,  and  I  will  build  him 
a  faitliful  house,  and  he  shall  walk  all  days  before  my 
anointed." 

The  excellent  Dominican  Father  Thomas  ]\Iartin  was 
then  placed  by  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  in  charge 
of  the  Church  of  St.  James,  where  he  discharged  pa- 
rochial   duties    till    his    death,    in    May,    1859,    at    the    age 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JAMES.  399 

of  69.  Again  the  congregation  had  to  moiu-n  tlie  loss 
of  a  great  and  devoted  priest.  Though  liis  connection 
with  St.  James'  had  not  been  long,  he  was  known  and 
revered  by  all.  His  funeral,  May  13,  1859,  was  attended 
by  nearly  every  priest  in  the  city,  with  many  from 
the  adjoining  diocese.  After  the  Office  for  the  Dead  ^vas 
recited  by  the  clergy,  a  Solemn  Mass  of  Requiem  was 
offered  by  the  Very  Rev.  Dominican  Father  Young,  with 
deacon  and  subdeacon.  Archbishop  Hughes  j^i'^^^^ounced 
the  eulogy  of  the  laborious,  disinterested  priest,  who 
always  asked  the  hardest  position ;  and  when  he  had 
brought  all  to  peace,  or  harmony,  or  regularit}' — had 
helped  a  poor  flock  to  build  a  church  or  get  rid  of  a 
crushing  debt — his  only  anxiety  was  to  begin  the  same 
work    elsewhere. 

The  Rev.  James  Brennan  was  then  appointed ;  l)ut 
in  1865  the  Most  Reverend  Ai-chbishop  chose  as  jjastor 
of  the  Chm-ch  of  St.  James  the  Rev.  Felix  H.  Farrelh', 
who  has  infused  new  life  into  all  departments  of  his 
parish.  The  schools  had  so  increased  under  the  fostering 
care  of  the  pastor  and  the  systematic  zeal  of  the  people, 
that  the  old  school-house  no  longer  sufficed.  In  1868, 
Rev.  Mr.  Farrelly  erected,  on  the  comer  of  New  Bowery 
and  James  Street,  a  noble  building  of  the  most  modern 
style,  which  throws  in  the  shade  some  of  the  Public 
School  buildings  that  cost  the  city  millions.  It  is  perfect 
in    all    its    arrangements.     The    boys'    school    is    in    charge 


400  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

of  those  excellent  instructors,  the  Clu'istian  Brothers,  and 
had  in  1878  six  hundred  and  forty  pupils.  The  girls' 
school,  under  the  Sisters  of  Charity,  numbered  no  less 
than  eight  hundred  pupils.  The  course  of  study  is  so 
thorough,  and  with  such  regard  not  only  to  mental  but 
also  to  physical  training,  that  the  results  have  been  most 
satisfactory.  Within  the  last  few  years  no  less  than  fifty 
graduates  of  St.  James'  school  have  passed  the  rigorous 
examination  of  the  Board  of  Education  and  received  cer- 
tificates   as    teachers    in   the    Pviblic    Schools. 

There  is  also  an  Industrial  School,  in  which  nearly 
a  hundred  orphans  or  half-orphans  are  daily  fed  and 
educated,  who  would  otherwise  fall  into  the  fell  hands  of 
those  proselytizing  bodies  wliich,  under  the  mask  of  public 
benevolence,  seek  to  rob  the  young  Catholics  of  theu* 
faith. 

In  1877,  the  church  was  thoroughly  repaired  through- 
out and  frescoed,  so  as  to  make  it  highly  attractive ; 
and  besides  the  adornment  of  the  material  temple,  the 
pastor  obtained  the  services  of  the  Passionist  Fathers, 
who  gave  a  succession  of  retreats  to  all  classes,  which 
were   productive   of  the   greatest   good. 

The  congregation  of  St.  James  is  estimated  at  twen- 
ty-five thousand,  and  a  floating  population  of  three  thou- 
sand Catholic  sailors.  The  reverend  pastor  is  assisted  by 
the  Rev.  William  A.  Farrell  and  the  Rev.  Daniel  J. 
Corkery. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JAMES. 


401 


There  are  many  societies  connected  with  the  chnrch, 
all  aiming-  to  increase  piety  among  the  faithful  —  the 
Society  of  the  Sacred  Heart,  to  honor  the  love  of  oiir 
Divine  Lord  to  man;  the  Society  of  the  Livuig  Rosary, 
Young  Men's  Sodality,  and  Young  Ladies'  Sodality.  The 
St.  James  Temperance  Society,  dating  back  to  1846, 
was  mainly  instrumental  in  inducing  Father  Matthew  to 
visit  America.  Besides  this,  there  are  a  Young  Men's 
Temperance  Society,  a  Piu'gatorian  Society,  to  pray  for 
the  dead,  and  the  Society  for  the  Propagation  of  the 
Faith. 


Roll  of  Honor. 


Ahearn,  Patrick. 
Aird,  James, 
Anderson,  C.  G. 
Anderson,  Margaret. 
Anthony,  Joseph. 
Bailey,  Catherine,  Mrs. 
Barkerding,  Adolph. 
Bennett,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Bergman,  I. 
Bishop,  Thomas. 
Blackford,  James. 
Blake,  Jefferson,  Mrs. 
Bonnie,  Peter. 
Brannigan,  Patrick. 
Brady,  John. 
Brassell,  Ellen  E.,  Mrs. 
Brcnnan,  Jeremiah. 
Brett,  William. 
Brown,  Cornelius. 
Brown,  James. 
Brown,  Nicholas  T. 
Buckley,  Dennis. 
Buckley,  Ellen. 
Burnett.  Peter. 
Burns,  Edward  G. 
Byrne,  John  J. 
Cahill,  Florence,  Mrs. 


Callahan,  Ann,  Mrs. 
Callahan,  Dennis. 
Callan,  Edward  N. 
Campbell.  James. 
Carey,   Juhn. 
Carney,  Edward. 
Carroll,  John  J. 
Cary,  ftLary,  Mrs. 
Cavanagh,  Martin. 
Cavanagh,  Peter. 
Clark,  Patrick  T. 
Coakley,  William. 
Cody,  Peter. 
Colligan,  William. 
Collins,  John  J. 
Coman,  Thomas. 
Connell,  John. 
Conroy,  Thomas  D. 
Costello,  James. 
Cotter,  Johanna,  Miss. 
Coughlin,  Jeremiah. 
Courad,  Elizabeth  M. 
Creed,  Mary  A.,  Mrs. 
Creig,  Mary  J. 
Crittenden,  Charles  W. 
Cronley,  Joseph. 
Cronin,  Honora,  Mrs. 

2G 


Cronin,  Michael,  Mrs. 
Cull,  Daniel. 
Cunehan,  Edward. 
Cunningham,  Daniel. 
Curtin,  Hugh  A. 
Cusack,  Michael  J. 
Dalton,  Bridget,   Mrs. 
Daly,  Ambrose. 
Daly,  Daniel. 
Daly,  Dennis. 
Davis,  John. 
Davis,  Patrick. 
Deveraux,  Patrick. 
Devine,  Michael. 
Devitt,  Patrick  S. 
Dickson,  Mary  A., Mrs. 
Donovan,  Cornelius. 
Donovan,  Daniel. 
Donovan,  Ellen,  Mrs. 
Donovan,  Florence. 
Doody, Catharine,  Mrs. 
Doyle,  John. 
Drought,  plenry. 
Dugan,EIizabelh,  Mrs. 
Dugan,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Dunigan,  William. 
Dunn,  Simon. 


Dunne,  Edward. 
Dwyer,  Patrick. 
Dwyer,  Peter. 
Eagan,  Francis. 
Eagleton,  Mary  Ann. 
Egan,  Patrick. 
Fairgrieve,  William. 
Farrcll,  Edward  J. 
Farrcll,  Patrick. 
Feely,  Michael. 
Fenton,  Thomas. 
Ferre,  William. 
Field,  Richard. 
Finn.  James. 
Finn,  John. 
Finn,  Maurice. 
Fitzger.ald,  John. 
Fitzgerald,  John  J. 
Fitzgerald,  I'homas. 
Fitzgerald,  William. 
Fitzpatrick,  John  J. 
Fitzpatrick,  Sarah. 
Foley,  David  E. 
Foley,  Patrick. 
Foley,  William. 
Foster,  Charles. 
Gallagher,  Bernard. 


402                 CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Gallagher,  Bernard  F. 

McCusker,  James. 

O'Donnell,  Charles. 

Gamble,  Thomas. 

McDonald,  James. 

O'Donnell,  John. 

Gannon,  Patrick  M. 

McDonnell,  Daniel. 

O'Donnell,  Patrick. 

Gibbons,  Michael  J. 

McDonnell,  James. 

O'Donohue,  John. 

Gilmartin,  Cath.,  Mrs. 

McElroy,  ^Latthew. 

O'.Meara,  D.i'niel  M. 

Ginna,  Michael. 

McGinley,  Thomas. 

O'Neil,  Daniel. 

Gleason,  Michael. 

McGrath,  Thomas. 

O'Neil,  Henry. 

Grady,  Patrick. 

McHale,  Austin. 

O'Neil,  Joseph  F. 

Gregory,  Patrick,  Mrs. 

Mclnerney,  Martin. 

O'Neill,  Margaret,  Miss. 

Griffith,  Thomas  G.,  Mrs. 

McKiUop,  Henry  E. 

O'Reilly,  Peter. 

Grimes,  P'rancis. 

McKillop,  James  J. 

O'SulIivan,  Tames. 

Gruner,  Edward. 

McLaughlin,  Dennis. 

O'SuUivan.  [ohn  M. 

Gnerin,   Margaret. 

McLaughlin,  Edward. 

Patton,  William,  Mrs. 

Haggerty,  Catharine  E. 

McLaughlin,  George. 

Patty,  Ann,  Mrs. 

Hanifan,  Michael  J. 

McLaughlin,  John. 

Pillion,  Bernard. 

Hargrove,  Thomas. 

McMahon,  Patrick. 

Pope,  John. 

Harrington,  Michael. 

McNamara,  John. 

Powers,  John. 

Harrington,  Peter  F. 

McNiff,  Peter. 

Purccll,  Mary. 

Haybyrne,  Patrick  J. 

McPhillips,  James. 

Quinlan,  John. 

Healy,  Stephen,  Mrs. 

McVay,  Daniel. 

Ranahan,  Henry. 

Ilefferman,  James. 

Madden,  Mary. 

Reidy,  John,  Mrs. 

Ilernin,  Martin. 

Magee,  John. 

Reilly,  Michael. 

Higgins,  John. 

Maguire,  Bernard. 

Reynolds,  Margaret,  Mrs. 

Hodge,  John. 

Maher,  Thomas,  Mrs. 

Reunard,  Andrew. 

Hogan,  Edward. 

Mahoney,  D.aniel  F. 

Riley,  John. 

Howard,  Sarah,  Mrs. 

Mahoney,  Joseph. 

Ring,  Eliza,  Mrs. 

Hughes,  William. 

Mahoney,  M.  J. 

Rush,  Thomas  J. 

Imperatori,  Carlo. 

Malone,'  Patrick. 

Russell,  John. 

Johnson,  Mary,  Mrs. 

Manning,  Lewis. 

Ryan,  Andrew. 

[ones,  Richard. 

Melville,  Mary,  Mrs. 

Ryan,  Benjamin  B.,  Mrs. 

Keating,  Ellen,  Mrs. 

Miller,  Margaret,  Mrs. 

Ryan,  Patrick. 

Keenan,  James. 

Mitchell,  George. 

Savage,  John  A. 

Kelly,  Thomas,  Mrs. 

Moore,  Francis  G. 

Schultz,  John. 

Kennedy,  John. 

Moran,  Roger. 

Scott,  Richard. 

Kennedy,  Michael. 

Moriarty,  Daniel. 

Seibert,  Catharine. 

Kennedy,  Thomas,  Mrs. 

Moriarty,   Patrick. 

Sexton,  John. 

Kent,  John. 

Morris,  Joseph  V. 

Shea,  Dennis. 

Kerrigan,  James. 

Morris,  Patrick. 

Sheehan,  James  A. 

Kilgore,   Patrick. 

Morris,  Thomas  R. 

Short,  Peter  H. 

Kirby,   Mary. 

Morrison,  Edward. 

Smith,  Charles  H. 

Kirk,  William  P. 

Mulcahy,  Edward  T. 

Smith,  G.  R.,  Mrs. 

Knott,  William. 

MuUane,  Bridget. 

Spellman,  Catharine,  Mrs. 

Lapp,  Henry. 

Murphy,  Anthony. 

Stapleton,  Ann,  Mrs. 

Largan,  Michael  J. 

Murphy,  Daniel. 

Stevens,  W'illiam. 

Leary,  Patrick. 

Murphy,  Thomas. 

Sullivan,  Cornelius. 

Lefoy,  James. 

Murray,  Calliarine,  Mrs. 

Sullivan,  Dennis. 

Lester,  John. 

Musgrave,  John,  Mrs. 

Sullivan,  Michael. 

Lombard,  Richard. 

Naughton,  Thomas  J. 

Sullivan,  Patrick. 

Long,  Sarah,  Mrs. 

Newell,  James. 

.Swan,  Joseph. 

Lovejoy,  Stephen. 

Nolan,  Martin. 

Sweeny,  Morgan  J. 

Luddy,  James  A. 

Nolan,   Michael. 

Taggart,  Hugh. 

Lynch,  Johanna,  Mrs. 

Noonan,  Dennis,  Mrs. 

Taggart,  John. 

Lynch,  Julia,  Mrs. 

Nugent,  Tames. 

Tangney,  Patrick. 

Lynch,  Michael. 

O'Brien,  "David. 

Thompson,  Henry. 

Lynch,  William. 

O'Brien,  John. 

Tierney,  Anthony. 

Mc.\lister,  John. 

O'Connell,  Maurice. 

Tolster,  Myles. 

McHride,  John. 

O'Connell,  Michael. 

Tripney,  John. 

.McCabe,  Patrick. 

O'Connor,  Hannah,  Mrs. 

Turner,  Bridget,  Mrs. 

McCabe,  Terence. 

O'Connor,  James. 

Vail,  Ellen,  Mrs. 

McCaddin,  Daniel. 

O'Connor,  Mary,  Mrs. 

Walsh,  Bridget,  Mrs. 

McCaffery,  Owen. 

O'Connor,  Patrick. 

Walsh,  John. 

McCarthy,  James. 

O'Connor,  Thomas. 

Walsh,  John. 

McCarthy,  Joseph  P. 

O'Connor,  William  J. 

Waterson,  Thomas. 

McCarthy,  I'homas. 

O'Day,  William. 

CHURCH  OF  ST.  JAMES.  40o 


REV.    FELIX    H.    FARRELLY, 

PASTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH  OF  ST.  JAMES. 


THE  worthy  sviccessor  of  Bishop  Bynio,  who  now 
has  so  identified  himself  with  the  pai-ish  ehiu-ch 
iu  James  Street,  was  born  in  Ireland,  December  28, 
1832,  and  after  preliminary  studies  at  Castle  Knock  and 
at  the  Petit  Seminaire  in  Cavan,  passed  his  examination 
and  entered  Maynooth,  the  great  theological  school  of 
Ireland,  which  has  given  so  many  priests,  not  only  to 
that    country    but    to    all    parts    of   the    world. 

He  was  ordained  priest  at  All  Hallow's  College, 
near  Dublin,  on  the  3d  of  July,  1854,  by  the  Most 
Reverend  Archbishop  Cullen,  now  Ireland's  first  Cardinal. 
On  his  arrival  in  the  United  States  the  same  year,  the 
yovmg  priest  was  at  once  assigned  to  duty  by  the  Most 
Reverend  Archbishop  Hughes.  He  became  assistant  at 
the  Church  of  the  Nativity,  in  Second  Avenue,  on  the 
fii-st  of  October,  1854,  and  held  the  position  for  two 
years,  when  he  was  appointed  pastor  of  the  Church  of 
the  Anntmciation  at  Manhattanville.  His  discharge  of  his 
duties  here  showed  so  much  zeal  for  the  good  of  souls, 
and  such  real  ability,  that  in  the  fall  of  1860  the  Cluirch 
of  St.  Mary    at    Rondout  was    confided    to   him.      His    ser- 


404  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

vices  were  of  the  greatest  benefit  to  this  chiirch,  as  he 
remained  nearlj  five  years,  efi"ecting  great  good  and  in- 
fusing  order    and   system   into    all   parochial    affairs. 

He  was  transferred,  on  the  fii'st  day  of  Jime,  1865, 
to  his  present  position,  in  which  he  seems  to  live  only 
as  head  of  his  parish — enthusiastic  for  his  schools,  en- 
couraging the  children  of  liis  institutions  by  his  constant 
care  and  prompt  appreciation  of  all  their  exertions  to 
succeed.  They  are  his  treasures;  and  the  mother  of  the 
Gracchi  did  not  show  her  sons  with  more  pride,  as  the 
dearest  jewels  of  her  heart,  than  the  Rev.  Mv.  Farrelly 
does  his  bright  pupils  of  St.  James'  pai-ish,  in  whose 
success    in    and    beyond  school    he  is  so   deeply  interested. 

Not  only  in  his  own  parish  is  he  thus  devoted  to  edu- 
cation. There  is  scarcely  a  Catholic  college  or  academy 
in  New  York  in  which  medals  have  not  been  given  by  the 
pastor    of    St.  James'   to  stimulate  the  pupils   to  excellence. 

With  a  buoyant  disposition,  cheered  by  the  devoted 
affection  of  his  flock,  who  know  his  fidelity  and  char- 
ity, the  Rev.  Mr.  FaiTelly  does  not  show  the  effect  of 
his  nearly  quarter  of  a  century  of  earnest  labor  in 
New  York  City ;  yet  it  has  told  on  liis  health,  and  he  is 
no  longer  as  robust  and  vigorous  as  of  old.  Infirmities 
and  disease  not  easily  eradicated  from  the  system  are 
now  struggling  for  mastery.  He  is  not  a  priest  whom 
the  diocese  can  without  pain  see  retire  on  account  of  ill 
health,    and   all   long    for    his    complete    restoration. 


CHURCH    OF   SAINT   JEROME. 

ALEXANDER  AVENUE  AND  ONE  HUNDRED  AND  THIRTY-NINTH  STREET. 


THE  Catholics  of  Mott  Haven  had  no  church  of 
their  own  till  the  Most  Rev.  Archbishop  ]\Ic- 
Closkey,  in  1870,  commissioned  a  young  priest,  who  liad 
displayed  sterling  qualities  while  curate  at  the  Church  of 
the  Immaculate  Conception,  to  proceed  to  that  point  of 
the   city. 

Entering  his  parish  with  the  determination  to  labor 
earnestly,  if  God  in  his  providence  gave  the  increase, 
ascribing  all  the  glory  to  Him,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Hughes 
placed  his  parish  under  the  protection  of  the  great  Father 
of  the  Chm'ch,  the  ornament  of  the  priesthood,  the  student 
of  Holy  Scripture,  whose  Latin  version,  the  Vulgate,  has 
been  adopted  by  om-  Holy  Mother  —  St.  Jerome.  He 
was  a  great  saint,  a  holy  man,  of  decided  character, 
renouncing  the  world  and  retiring  to  solitude  and  study 
in  the  Holy  Land ;  a  stem  opponent  of  error,  a  vigorous 
defender  of  the  truth,  an  admirable  director,  a  model  of 
the   pi'iesthood. 

The  new  pastor  at  once  rented  the  Market  House  at 
Mott  Haven  as  the  temporary  Chm-ch  of  St.   Jerome,  and, 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JEROME.  407 

after  collecting  the  Catholics  together  and  infusing  into 
them  some  of  his  own  courage  and  spirit,  prepared  to 
give  his  parish  a  church.  He  had  not  come  empty- 
handed.  The  friends  whom  he  had  made  in  his  last  field 
of  labor  gave  laim  presents  of  church  and  altar  fiu-niture, 
as    well    as    money. 

lie  purchased  a  whole  block  of  gi-ound,  and  began 
to  arrange  for  the  erection  there  of  a  fine  chm-ch,  a 
school-house,  and  a  pastoral  residence,  the  whole  in^'olv- 
ing  an  outlay  of  full  a  quarter  of  a  million  of  dollars. 
This,  however,  would  be  a  matter  of  .  time.  An  able 
architect,  Mr.  L.  C.  O'Connor,  drew  the  plans  of  the  sev- 
eral buildings,  but  the  pastor's  idea  was  to  begin  with 
the    greatest   want,    the    school. 

On  the  19tli  of  June,  1870,  fully  seven  thousand 
Catholics  witnessed  the  laying  of  the  corner-stone  of  the 
school-house  of  St.  Jerome's  parish,  which  was  for  the 
present  to  give  space  also  for  a  temporary  chapel.  Socie- 
ties came  with  numerous  delegations,  with  glittering  ban- 
ners and  devoted  hearts  —  the  Excelsior,  St.  Jerome,  St. 
Augustine,  St.  Aloysius  Temperance  Society.  The  Very 
Rev.  William  Starrs  officiated,  assisted  by  the  Rev.  Dr. 
Burtsell  of  the  Epiphany,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Ilealy  of  St.  Ber- 
nard's, the  Rev.  IMr.  Slevin,  and  the  Rev.  Mr.  Woods. 
When  the  solemn  ritual  had  ended,  and  the  stone,  the 
head  of  the  comer,  the  type  of  Chi-ist,  had  been  blessed, 
the    Rev.    Dr.    Morrogh   preached,    taking    as     his    text   the 


408  CATHOLIC  OHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

words  of  the  Psalmist :  "  Unless  the  Lord  biiild  the 
house,    they   labor   in    vain    who    build   it." 

The  building,  as  planned  by  the  architect,  L.  C. 
O'Connor,  and  erected  by  Mr.  P.  Mullen,  the  builder,  is  a 
fine  structure  of  brick,  in  the  Lonibardo-Gothic  style,  of 
pressed  brick,  with  Ohio  and  Belleville  stone  dressings ; 
seventy  feet  wide  by  one  hundi-ed  and  fifteen  feet  in  depth, 
and  three  stories  high.  For  a  time  the  first  story  was  used 
as  a  temporary  chapel,  and  was  neatly  fitted  up,  giving 
accommodations  for  a  congi-egation  of  two  thousand  souls, 
the  second  and  third  stories  being  used  for  school  piu'- 
poses.  This  building  cost  fifty-five  thousand  dollars,  and 
was  ready  in  the  following  j^car.  It  was  solemnly  dedi- 
cated on  the    25th   of  June,   1871. 

The  Eev.  Mr.  Hughes  has  as  assistant  the  Rev.  J. 
Dougherty. 

St.  Jerome's  Church  has  a  thriving  Altar  Society, 
a  Rosary  Society,  and  several  approved  sodalities,  as  well 
as   a    Conference    of  the    Society    of    St.    Vincent    de    Paul. 


■ti--7i.-J^- 


'/Ut-^/^eS^^ 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JEROME.  409 


EEV.   JOHN  J.   HUGHES, 

PASTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH  OF  ST.  JEROME. 


THE  Rev.  John  J.  Hughes  was  born  in  the  County 
Down,  Ireland,  on  the  Feast  of  All  Saints,  No- 
vember 1st,  1834.  His  early  education,  however,  was 
received  at  the  High  School  at  Whitehaven,  in  Cumber- 
land   County,    England. 

Ha\'ing  come  to  this  coimtry  in  1856,  he  entered^ 
St.  John's  College,  at  Fordham,  in  the  ensuing  year,  and 
was  graduated  in  1862.  lie  subsequently  entered  the 
Seminary  of  St.  Sulpice,  Montreal,  where  he  pm-sued  his 
theological  coui-se  under  the  accomplished  professors  of 
that    divinity    school. 

He  Avas  ordained  on  the  26th  of  July,  1865,  in  the 
Cathedi-al  Church  of  St.  Patrick,  New  York,  by  the 
Most  Rev.  Archbishop  McCloskey,  and  was  placed  as 
assistant  at  St.  Peter's  Church  in  Barclay  Street.  After 
a  tlu-ee  months'  experience  in  that  ancient  parish,  he  was 
assigned  to  duty  as  curate  at  St.  Maiy's  Church,  in  the 
town  of  Rondout,  and  diligently  discharged  the  duties  of 
that  position  till  the  month  of  November,  1866,  A^hon,  an 
assistant  being  required  at  the  Church  of  the  Innnaculate 
Conception    in    Fourteenth    Street,    the    young    priest,    who 


410 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


had   impressed   all    by   his    zeal,    capacity,    and   talent,    was 
stationed    there. 

In  this  church  he  made  himself  singularly  beloved ; 
and  Avhen  he  was  appointed  to  fonn  a  new  parish  at 
Mott  Haven,  the  grief  felt  at  parting  with  him  was  gen- 
eral throughout  the  congregation,  and  evoked  a  warm 
sympathy  in  the  task  he  had  undertaken.  Rarely  has  a 
priest  received  so  many  and  such  substantial  tokens  of 
appreciation  on  the  part  of  his  flock.  In  the  parish  which 
he  has  created  he  has  left  an  enduring  monument  of  his 
ability,  and  the  new  church  which  he  hopes  to  raise 
will  more  clearh'  prove  how  readily  an  earnest  priest, 
laboring  for  the  good  of  his  congregation,  meets  a  re- 
sponse  in    their   hearts. 


Roll  of  Honor. 


Adams,  Thomas. 
Attinelli,  Francis. 
Bagnall,  Charles. 
Bailey,  A.  L.,  Mrs. 
Beisely,  John. 
Berte,  F.  C. 
Blake,  Ambrose. 
Brady,  Margaret,  Mrs. 
Brennan,  John  H. 
Broderick,  Eliza,  Mrs. 
Butler,  Edward. 
Butler,  Pierce  J. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JEROME. 

Byrne,  Joseph. 
Byrne,  Thomas. 
Byrne,  William  P. 
Callahan,  Christopher. 
Campbell,  Hugh. 
Carney,  Patrick. 
Cashman,  Patrick. 
Cassion,  James. 
Caulfield,  Christopher. 
Cavanagh,  Patrick. 
Clarke,  John. 
Connelly,  John. 


Connolly,  Mark. 
Cooney,  Nicholas. 
Coyle,  Bernard. 
Crowe,  Michael. 
Cunningham,  Henrietta. 
Curtis,  Margaret. 
Daly,  David. 
Daly,  H.  C. 
Daly,  Peter. 
Daly,  Patrick. 
Debold,  Jacob. 
Denny,  A. 


CHUECH  OF  ST.  JEROME. 


411 


Doherty,  William. 
Donlon,  Patrick. 
Donnegan,  John. 
Donnelly,  Sarah,  Mrs. 
Dougherty,  John. 
Drummond,  Charles. 
England,  Martin. 
Ettenborough,  John  J. 
Fanning,  Patrick  G. 
Feehan,  James. 
Findlay,  William. 
Fitzgerald,  James. 
Franke,  Joseph. 
Gafiney,  Richard. 
Gibney,  William. 
Gillen,  Margaret,  Mrs. 
Gordon,  Patrick  E. 
Guilfoyle,  Thomas. 
Guinan,  Bernard. 
Haiduvan,  Joseph. 
Hanley,  Sarah  C. 
Hartley,  Edward  F. 
Hogan,  Michael. 
Hogan,  Philip. 
Hoyt,  Emily  A. 
Johnson,  Joseph. 
Jordan,  P. 
Kelley,  Maria,  Mrs. 
Kennelly,  James. 
Kenney,  P. 
Laughlin,  James. 
Lawler,  Patrick. 
Leslie,  James. 
Lipps,  Ellen,  Mrs. 
Logan,  Thomas. 


Loughlin,  Joseph. 
Loughlin,  Thomas. 
Lynch,  Bartholomew. 
Lynch,  John. 
McArdle,  George. 
McCarthy,  John. 
McGauran,  Thomas. 
McGearity,  Patrick. 
McGee,  James  E. 
McGinness,  John. 
McGrath,  Lawrence. 
McGrath,  Margaret. 
McGuire,  John, 
McKenna,  Felix. 
McKenna,  Francis. 
McKenna,  Michael. 
McKenna,  Rosa. 
McNally,  John. 
McQuillan,  Alexander. 
Mallen,  Frank. 
Mallen,  Owen. 
Meany,  Margaret. 
Meany,  Michael  C. 
Mooney,  Rose. 
Mooney,  Thomas. 
Mooney,  William. 
Montgomery,  James. 
Moran,  John. 
Morrison,  James. 
Morton,  Henry. 
Murphy,  Catharine. 
Murphy,  Edward. 
Murphy,  John. 
Murphy,  Kate. 
Murphy,  Michael. 
Newett,  Thomas. 


Norris,  Thomas  G. 
O'Byrne,  William  J. 
O'Connor,  Charles. 
O'Gorman,  John. 
O'Hare,  Patrick. 
O'Kane,  James. 
O'Neil,  Michael. 
Quigley,  D.  J. 
Redmond,  Ennis. 
Regan,  Owen. 
Reilly,  James. 
Reilly,  John. 
Reilly,  R. 

Richardson,  Joseph. 
Riley,  James. 
Ryan,  James  E. 
Ryan,  William. 
Sadlier,  Dennis. 
Siller,  Rose. 
Slattery,  Patrick. 
Smith,  Edward. 
Stumpf,  B.  Mrs. 
Sullivan,  Matthew. 
Sullivan,  Mortimer. 
Tierney,  John. 
Toner,  William. 
Trainor,  Ellen. 
Tuomey,  Mary. 
Turley,  John. 
Walsh,  Catharine. 
Walsh,  Patrick. 
Weir,  Hugh. 
Williams,  James  J. 
Wilson,  Catharine. 
Wolfrath,  Alfred. 


CHURCir  OF  SAINT  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST. 

WEST   THIKTIETH    STREET. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST 

WEST    THIRTIETH    STREET. 


THE  necessity  of  hearing  the  Word  of  God  in 
their  ovm  tongue,  and  of  having  their  children 
taught  the  Christian  docti'ine  in  the  tones  familiar  to  them 
from  the  cradle,  led  the  German  Catholics  to  exert  them- 
selves to  have  separate  churches  where  they  could  enjoy 
these    advantages. 

The  mass  and  the  services  of  the  Church  are  the 
same  for  all,  and  to  the  Catholic  it  matters  not  of  what 
race  or  land  the  priest  may  be  who  ministers  at  the  altar. 
The  august  sacrifice  is  offered  by  men  duly  ordained 
from  every  nation  under  heaven.  But  the  teachings  of 
religious  truth  come  home  to  the  heart  more  surely  when 
uttered  in  the  language  in  Avliich  they  were  heard  in 
childhood,  and  which  carry  the  aged  man  back  to  the 
day  when  he  learned  his  first  prayer  at  his  mother's 
knee.  , 

The  Chui'ch  of  St.  Nicholas  was  the  first  step,  but  it 
was  far  on  the  eastern  side  of  the  city.  The  German 
Catholics  on  the  western  side  resolved  to  make  an  effort 
to    have    a    church   of  tlieir    own. 


414  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

There  was  a  rocky,  swamjjy  tract  around  Tliirty- 
first  Street,  near  Seventh  Avenue,  where  modern  improve- 
ments were  not  dreamed  of.  The  rude  shanties  of  those 
Avho  liekl  by  no  lease  formed  the  sole  population.  Pro- 
perty here  seemed  within  the  means  of  a  small  and  poor 
congregation. 

Here  a  small  frame  church  in  honor  of  St.  John 
the  Baptist  was  erected  and  blessed  in  1840.  The  con- 
gregation placed  themselves  under  the  jDOwerful  patronage 
of  the  Precursor  of  our  Lord,  .sanctified  in  the  womb 
of  His  holy  mother,  St.  Elizabeth  —  a  2>i'ophct,  and  more 
than  a  prophet,  for  he  not  only  foretold  our  I.,()rd,  but 
pohited  him  out  to  the  Jews,  saying,  "  Behold  the  Lamb 
of  God."  Of  him  the  Divine  Truth  itself  said:  "Amen, 
amen,  I  say  to  you,  of  them  that  are  born  of  woman 
there    is   not   a   holier   one    than    John    the    Baptist." 

The  Church  of  St.  John  the  Baptist  was  thus  mod- 
estly begun — a  small,  unpretending  frame  structm-o.  The 
opening  was  auspicious.  The  really  pious  rejoiced  at  the 
opportimity  now  afforded  them  of  attending  mass  and 
frequenting  the  sacraments  in  their  own  part  of  the  city, 
and  of  recei"ving  instruction  and  admonition  in  the  lan- 
guage   of  their   fatherland. 

But  those  were  days  of  trustees;  and  the  little  chm-ch 
was  in  the  hands  of  men  who  attempted  to  rule  with  a 
high  hand.  The  church  for  some  time  had  no  resident 
pastor,  but    when    Rev.    Zacharias     Kunze    was    appointed. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST.  415 

he  found  that  the  trustees  claimed  to  rule  the  congrega- 
tiou,  and  hi.s  poAver  for  good  was  limited.  He  withda-ew 
in  1844,  and  established  the  Church  of  St.  Francis  Seraph. 
Rev.  J.  A.  Jacop  became  pastor  in  1845,  but  there  was  a 
general   lack   of  spirit   and   much   dissension. 

To  add  to  the  miseries,  on  Sunday  morning,  January 
lOtli,  1847,  when  when  the  church  was  ready  for  early 
mass,  those  of  the  congregation  living  near  saw  flames 
bursting  out  ominously  from  a  rude  stable  near  their 
cluirch.  The  alarm  was  given,  and  they  hastened  to  save 
their  temple ;  but  the  winter  Avind  fanned  the  flames, 
and  though  some  articles  were  saved,  and  much  of  the 
altar  fmniiture,  the  building  with  the  organ  was  consumed, 
and   the    congregation    was    without   a    church. 

They  did  not  lose  corn-age,  but  with  the  money  re- 
ceived from  the  insm-ance  began  to  erect  a  more  solid 
and   substantial    edifice    of  brick. 

On  Sunday  afternoon,  March  14th,  1847,  the  Right 
Reverend  Bishop  Hughes,  accompanied  by  his  secretary, 
Rev.  J.  R.  Bayley,  and  two  Jesuit  Fathers  from  St.  John's 
College,  proceeded  to  the  spot  to  lay  the  comer-stone  ac- 
cording  to    the    Roman   Pontifical. 

The  Right  Reverend  Bishop  made  a  most  earnest  and 
powerful  addi'ess  befitting  the  circumstance.  He  reminded 
the  congregation  of  the  glorious  spiritual  temjjle,  of  winch 
the  material  one  was  but  a  faint  shadow,  and  that  the 
strength   and    usefulness    of    each    particular    church,  as    of 


416  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

a  single  stone,  Avere  to  be  found  only  in  its  close  and 
faithful  continuance  in  tlie  place  of  the  vast  edifice  in 
which  it   is    set. 

An  address  was  also  delivered  in  German  by  the 
Eev.  Mr.  Raffeiner,  and  after  the  chant  of  a  hymn  in 
German  the    cong'reg'ation   retired. 

The  new  Church  of  St.  John  the  Baptist  was  by 
no  means  grand,  either  exteriorly  or  interiorly,  but  it 
was  a  great  improvement.  For  a  time  the  Catholics  of 
St.  John's  were  attended  from  the  Chm*ch  of  the  Nativity, 
but  in  1848,  the  Rev.  Joseph  Lutz,  an  exemplary  and 
energetic  priest,  was  appointed.  After  four  years'  labor  the 
Rev.  Mr.  Lutz  withdi'ew,  and  the  chm-ch  was  again  bereft 
of  a  pastor.  At  last,  in  1853,  the  Rev.  Augustine  Dantner 
was  appointed  to  the  jjosition;  and  lie  struggled  on  amid 
endless  difl&culties  till  the  year  187U,  when  he  was  forced 
to  withdraw.  The  chiu'ch  remained  closed  for  several 
months,  and  there  seemed  every  prospect  that  it  woidd 
fall  from  decay  —  for  it  was  in  a  wretched  condition  from 
long  want  of  repair  —  unless  in  the  mean  time  it  was  sold 
for  debt,  and  so  passed  entirely  out  of  the  hands  of  the 
Catholics. 

On  the  return  of  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop 
from  the  Vatican  Council,  he  resolved  to  make  one  more 
effort  to  infuse  new  life  into  the  congregation,  and  deliver 
it  fi-om  the  evils  luider  which  it  had  so  long  suffered, 
by   placing    it   in   the    hands    of  a   zealous   religious    order. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST.  41 7 

The  spectacle  of  a  community  bound  together  by  humil- 
ity, piety,  obedience,  and  self-denial,  ought  to  be  a  per- 
petual   lesson. 

The  Capuchins,  a  branch  of  the  great  Franciscan 
Order,  had,  at  a  very  early  date,  labored  on  the  Ameri- 
can coast.  They  built  the  first  Catholic  chapels  among 
the  French  fishing  villages  on  the  coast  of  Maine  and 
Nova  Scotia  in  the  middle  of  the  seventeenth  centmy, 
and  for  many  years  served  the  various  parishes  in  Louis- 
iana. It  is  the  order  which  gave  Ireland  its  great  moral 
refomier,  Father  Matthew,  and  the  province  of  Florida, 
and  more  recently  the  neighboring  provinces  of  New 
Brunswick  and  Nova  Scotia,  eminent  and  laborious 
bishops. 

The  early  missions  had  died  away  amid  the  various 
changes  in  the  condition  of  the  country,  but  in  1857 
the  Rev.  Bonaventiu-a  Frey  and  the  Rev.  Francis  Haas 
revived  the  order  in  the  United  States,  and  founded  a 
convent  at  Mount  Calvary,  Fond  du  Lac  County,  Wis- 
consin. 

They  were  already  known  to  his  Grace  Ai'chbishop 
McCloskey,  who,  in  1866,  confided  a  district  -to  them, 
where  they  had  erected  and  conducted  most  satisfactorily 
the  Chm'ch  of  Our  Lady  of  Soitows,  in  Pitt  Street.  At 
his  request,  the  Rev.  Father  Bonaventiira  Frey  under- 
took   himself    the    charge    of    the   parish    of    St.  John    the 

Bnptist. 

27 


418  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  poor  old  church  was  again  opened,  and  the 
congregation  met  once  more  to  hear  mass  and  instnic- 
tions.  The  new  pastor  at  once  appealed  to  their  better 
feelings,  and,  expressing  astonishment  that  German  Catho- 
lics in  a  great  city  like  New  York  should  be  contented 
with  a  church  as  poor  as  he  had  found  in  the  wildest 
regions  of  the  West,  soon  brought  the  better  part  of  the 
flock  to  rally  around  him  in  his  work  of  building  a 
church  that  would  be  honorable  to  their  holy  patron,  St. 
John    the    Baptist,    and    creditable,  to    themselves. 

The  plan  of  a  new  and  fitting  chmxh  was  prepared 
by  the  architect,  N.  Le  Brun ;  and,  undismayed  by  the 
load  of  debt  and  the  past  dissensions,  the  brave  Capu- 
chin Father  laid  the  corner-stone  of  his  new  church  on 
the    first   Sunday    after    Pentecost,    June    4th,    1871. 

To  enable  them  to  complete  the  chui-ch,  collections 
were  made,  not  only  among  the  congregation,  but  else- 
where— one  Father,  Pacificus,  devoting  himself  almost 
entirely  to  the  good  work  of  procm-ing  the  necessary 
means. 

The  church  was  finally  completed,  except  the  spire, 
and  stands  to-day  a  soiu'ce  of  wonder  to  those  '^^lio 
recollect  the  poor  old  church  Avhich  for  so  many  years 
occupied  the  site.  It  is  built  in  pm-e  Gothic  style.  The 
fa9ade  is  of  fine  di-essed  stone,  with  beautiful  arched 
doorways,  surmounted  by  windows  of  singular  beauty, 
the    pi'ojection   of    the    tower   base    breaking    the    line   of 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST.  419 

the  front  and  relieving  it  from  sameness.  The  high  altar 
and  those  at  the  sides  are  of  white,  polished  marble, 
pure  in  taste,  design,  and  execution,  standing  ont  in  relief 
from  a  background  of  darkly  veined  marble.  This,  witli 
the  statues  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  and  St.  Joseph  on  the 
side  altars,  and  the  elegantly  carved  pulpit,  the  work  of 
a  Capuchin  lay  brother,  attract  the  attention  of  all  who 
enter  the  sacred  edifice.  The  church  is  a  hiindred  and 
sixty-five  feet  long  and  sixty-seven  feet  wide,  while  the 
nave,  which  rises  above  the  aisles,  attains  a  height  of 
seventy   feet.     The    cost    of    the    building    was    $175,000. 

The  erection  of  so  large  a  church,  capable  of  seat- 
ing twelve  hundi-ed  in  the  pews,  astonished  many,  and  to 
some  it  seemed  to  be  tlu-ice  as  large  as  the  congregation 
required;  but  the  result  showed  that  Father  Bonaventura 
builded  wisely.  The  solemnity  and  dignity  with  which 
divine  worship  is  off'ered,  and  all  the  offices  of  the  Chm-ch 
performed,  attract  so  many  that  the  chm-ch  is  filled  at 
the  successive  masses   on   Sundays   and  holidays. 

The  new  chm-ch  was  solemnly  dedicated  on  the  23d 
of  June,  1872.  Religious  societies  from  the  Chm-ch  of  Oiu- 
Lady  of  Sorrows  in  Pitt  Street,  St.  Michael's  in  Thirty- 
second  Street,  and  from  the  Church  of  the  Assumption, 
came  to  rejoice  with  the  parishioners  of  St.  John  the 
Baptist,  with  still  others  from  the  Holy  Innocents,  St. 
Alphonsus,  and  St.  Francis  of  Assisi.  These  came  with 
their   bands — the    societies    attached    to    the    chm-ch,    those 


420  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

of  Francis  Xaverius,  Francis  Joseph,  and  St.  John  the 
Baptist  closing  the  hne,  which  was  led  by  a  band  of 
white-robed  virgins.  When  these  societies  had  passed 
in  order  into  the  chxirch,  the  ceremony  of  the  day  be- 
gan. For  the  third  time  on  that  spot  a  Catholic  chm'ch 
was  to  be  blessed.  His  Grace  the  Most  Reverend  Arch- 
bishop perfoi-med  the  striking  ceremony,  and,  retimiing  to 
the  sanctuary,  took  lus  seat  on  the  throne  prepared  at 
the   left   side   of  the   altar. 

A  Solemn  High  Mass  was  then  offered,  at  which 
were  present  the  ]\Iost  Reverend  Archbishop,  with  Bishop 
Persico  of  Savannah  and  Bishop  McQnade  of  Rochester. 
After  the  gospel,  the  Rev.  Father  Francis  Haas,  Superior 
of  the  Capuchins  in  Wisconsin,  j^rsached  a  sermon  in 
German,  taking  as  his  text,  "  This  is  the  house  of  God." 
At  the  close  of  the  Holy  Sacrifice,  his  Grace  Archbishop 
McCloskey  felicitated  the  congregation  and  the  Capuchin 
Fathers  on  the  success  of  their  undertaking.  "  Seldom," 
said  he,  "  have  I  been  so  positively  reminded  of  the 
sublime  scene  which  was  witnessed  in  Jerusalem  at  the 
dedication  of  the  second  Temple  to  the  glory  of  the  God 
of  Israel  by  the  Jews  upon  their  return  from  Babylonian 
captivity.  The  i^i'ocession  of  priests  and  levites,  the 
sound  of  cymbals  and  music,  caused  old  men  and  women 
to  weep  with  joy,  and  yoimg  ones  leaped  about  under 
the  same  influence.  Yet  what  was  the  solemnity  of  that 
occasion    compared   with    the    present  I       No    divine    holo- 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST.  421 

caust  was  there  offered,  no  Di\'ine  presence  was  there  to 
be   found,   but   it   is    not    so    in    the    Christian  temple." 

Encouraging  them  to  hibor  earnestly  to  extinguish 
all  debt  on  their  fine  church,  since  it  could  not  be  called 
really  the  house  of  God  while  any  man  could  ])ut  for- 
ward a  claim  to  it,  he  reminded  them  that  the  solemn 
consecration  of  a  church  could  be  performed  onl}-  when 
the  edifice  was  completely  free  from  debt.  Receiving  his 
benediction,    the    vast   and   striking   assemblage    retired. 

In  the  rear  of  the  church  on  Thirty-first  Street,  Father 
Bonaventiira  erected  on  two  lots  a  fine  brick  building 
trimmed  with  stone.  This  was  intended  as  a  residence 
for  a  religious  community.  It  was  the  Capucliin  (Jon- 
vent,  and  on  its  completion  it  was  dedicated  by  the 
Most  Reverend  Archbishop  to  St.  Fidelis  of  Sigmaringen, 
a  holy  Capucliin  Father,  who,  after  preaching  with  the 
most  burning  eloquence  to  the  Calvinists  of  Switzerland, 
was  put  to  death  by  them  in  the  year  1622.  Of  the  tens 
of  thousands  of  blessed  martyrs  who  laid  down  their  lives 
for  the  faith  at  the  period  of  the  Reformation,  at  the 
hands  of  the  adherents  of  some  of  the  many  forms  of 
error  then  wildly  proclaimed,  St.  Fidelis  is  one  of  the  few 
yet  canonized  by  the  Church.  He  was  in  name  and  deed 
faithful  unto  the  end,  and  is  a  blessed  patron  for  oui* 
city.  At  the  time  of  the  blessing  of  the  Convent,  his  Grace 
established   the    cloister   as   laid  down  in  the    canons. 

The    necessity    of  a    school    building   was    great,    and 


422  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Father  Boiiaventura  did  not  deem  liis  good  work  com- 
plete till  he  had  erected  one,  although  the  basement  of 
the  new  chnrch  answered  for  a  time.  He  found  no 
building  in  the  neighborhood  that  could  be  readily 
adapted  for  school  purposes,  but  was  so  aided  that  he 
was  able  to  buy  two  lots  adjoining  the  convent.  On 
these  he  erected  a  fine  school-house,  corresponding  ex- 
teriorly to  the  convent.  Some  modifications  in  the  con- 
vent building  were  needed,  but  the  architect,  Mr.  W. 
Schickel,  succeeded  in  making  an  edifice  answering  all  the 
purposes,    and   imposing    exteriorly. 

The  building  contains  seven  large  school-rooms,  each 
of  which  will  accommodate  a  hmidred  pupils.  The  apart- 
ments are  well  lighted  and  tnoroughly  ventilated ;  nor 
are  an}^  of  the  reqiiirements  now  requu-ed  in  furnishing 
a   school    neglected. 

The  direction  of  the  boys'  school  remained  for  a 
time  in  the  hands  of  secular  teachers,  but  Father  Bona- 
ventura  at  last  induced  the  Community  of  Teachers, 
known  as  the  Brothers  of  Mary,  having  a  mother  house 
at  Dayton,  Ohio,  to  include  this  also  in  the  number  of 
schools  under  their  charge.  Thi-ee  Brothers  of  this  Com- 
munity are  now  engaged  in  the  schools  of  the  parisli, 
having  one  hundred  and  seventy-five  boys  under  them. 
The  girls'  school  is  directed  by  the  Sisters  of  St.  Do- 
minic, who  have  a  neat  house  adjoining  the  church.  Their 
school    contains    one    hundred    and    eighty    girls. 


CHUUUH  (^F  8T.  JOHN  THK  BAPTIST.  423 


EEV.    BONA  VENTURA    FREY,    0.    MIN.    CAR, 

PASTOR  OF  THK  CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOHN  THE  BAPTIST. 


THE  Rev.  Father  Bonaveiitura  Frey  was  born  June 
12,  1831,  in  the  Canton  of"  Tliurgovia,  Switzer- 
land. 

His  education,  begun  at  Einsiedlen,  was  completed  at 
the  Universities  of  Bonn  and  Tubing-en.  Cod  havino- 
called  him  to  the  ecclesiastical  state,  he  proceeded  to 
St.  Call's  Seminary,  in  Switzerland,  which  bears  the  name 
of  one  of  Ireland's  saints.  Here,  after  that  preparation 
of  the  mind  and  heart  which  the  Church  ordains  for 
aspirants  to  the  awful  ministry,  he  was  ordained,  in  May, 
1854,    by    Bishop    Mirrer. 

After  receiving  priestly  orders  he  was  appointed  to 
a  parish  in  his  native  canton,  and  discharged  his  duties 
commendably  until  the  year  1856,  when  he  resolved  to 
devote  liimself  to  the  American  Mission.  Having  arri\ed 
in  this  country,  he  was  received  by  Bisliop  Henni,  and 
appointed  to   St.    Mary's    Churcli    in    j\Iilwauke^. 

His  mind  had  always  turned  to  the  religious  state, 
and  he  felt  called  to  devote  his  life  to  serve  Cod  in 
the  reform  of  the  Franciscan  Order,  known  as  the  Friars 
Minor     Capuchins.       There     was     no     community    of    this 


424       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

famous  order  in  the  country,  but  a  pious  Swiss  Father 
was  duly  authorized  to  open  a  novitiate  in  Wisconsin.  F. 
Bonaventura  Frey  and  F.  Fi-ancis  Haas  were  the  first 
to  receive  the  habit  and  enter  the  novitiate.  After  pro- 
nouncing his  vows  he  erected  the  convent  of  Mount 
Calvary,  in  Fond  du  Lac  County,  Wisconsin,  in  1857. 
The  community  prospered,  and  Father  Bonaventura, 
after  laboring  here  several  years,  came  to  New  York  in 
1866,  and  had  already  erected  a  convent  and  church 
of  Our  Mother  of  Son-ows,  in  Pitt  Street,  before  the 
Most  Reverend  Archbishop  requested  him  to  extend  his 
zeal  to  St.  John's.  This  brief  sketch  will  show  that  he 
is  a  priest  of  more  than  ordinary  merit,  and  one  likely 
to   render  signal    service    to    the    Chm-ch. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  JOHN  THE  EVANGELIST. 


FIFTIETH    STREET. 


THE  site  of  the  magnificent  new  Cathedral  Church 
of  St.  Patrick  has  been,  almost  from  the  com- 
mencement of  the  centmy,  hallowed  by  the  offering  of 
the    Lamb   without  spot   in   the    Liturgy  of  the   New   Law. 

In  the  year  1810,  the  Jesuit  Fathers,  who  had 
opened  an  academy  opposite  St.  Patrick's  Cathedral,  re- 
moved it  to  a  fine  old  mansion  on  the  corner  of  Fifth 
Avenue  and  Fiftieth  Street — a  building-  still  standing-, 
and  used  as  the  parochial  residence  of  the  chm-ch  whose 
history    we    noAv   give. 

The  New  York  Literary  Institution  had  its  chapel 
of  St.  Ignatius,  in  which  Father  Peter  Malou,  once  the 
brIlUant  general  of  the  Belgians  in  their  uprising  against 
Austria  to  secure  the  freedom  of  their  Church,  and 
other  Fathers  of  the  Society  of  Jesus,  offered  tip  the 
Holy  Sacrifice.  The  chapel  was  thus  tlie  scene  of  their 
ministiy  till  tlie  summer  of  1813,  when  the  position  of 
the  Society  compelled  the  Jesuit  Fathers  to  abandon 
then-  project   of  establishing   a   college   in   New   York. 

It  was  next  temporarily  occupied  by  Fathers  of  the 
Cistercian     Order — Dom    Augustine,    Fathers    Urban    and 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOHN  THE  EVANGELIST.  427 

Vincent  seemed  to  have  made  the  Chapel  of  St.  Igna- 
tius theirs  for  some  time.  But  early  in  1815  these 
Trappist  monks  withdrew  from  New  York,  and  the 
chapel,  as  well  as  all  that  portion  of  the  island,  was  for 
years  without  the  services  of  a  priest.  But  the  name 
of  the  old  chapel  and  its  invocation  of  the  founder  of 
the    Society    of  Jesus    remained. 

A  quarter  of  a  century  passed,  and  tlie  Catholics 
employed  in  the  Deaf  and  Dumb  Asylum,  on  Fifth 
Avenue,  between  Forty-ninth  and  Fiftieth  Streets,  and 
other  Catholics  near  that  institution  appealed  to  the 
Riglit  Reverend  Bishop  for  some  means  of  enabling  them 
to  hear  mass.  The  chapel  of  St.  Ignatius  was  again 
opened,  in  the  venerable  bviilding  where  Jesuit  and  Trap- 
pist had  officiated  so  many  years  before.  In  1840,  the 
Rev.  John  Maginnis  was  appointed  to  organize  the 
Catholics,  and,  if  possible,  erect  a  church  for  their  ac- 
commodation. A  Catholic  congregation  was  organized, 
in  the  form  then  usual,  with  a  board  of  trustees,  ;  nd  a 
modest  little  frame  edifice  erected.  It  was  dedicated  on 
the  ytli  of  May,  1841,  at  half-past  ten  in  the  morning, 
by  the  Rt.  Rev.  John  Hughes,  D.D.,  then  ndministratoi- 
of  the  diocese.  After  the  ceremonies  a  Solemn  High 
Mass  was  ofi'ered,  and  the  Bishop  delivered  a  sermon 
adapted   to   the   occasion. 

The  congregation  was  feeble  in  numbers,  and  by  no 
means    wealthy,    so    that   tickets    of    admission    were    issued 


428  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

to    aid  in    reducing   the    debt   incurred    in    the    erection    of 
the    church. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Maginnis  remained  as  pastor  of  St. 
John's  till  September,  1842,  when  he  was  succeeded 
by  the  Rev.  Wilham  Nightingale,  an  English  clergyman, 
who  labored  for  several  years  in  the  diocese.  In  April, 
1844,  the  Rev.  Felix  Larkin — whose  brother,  the  cele- 
brated Jesuit  Father,  John  Larkin,  has  left  such  a  dis- 
tinguished reputation  among  us — undertook  the  direction 
of  the    cluu'ch. 

The  old  trustee  system  was  in  this  parish  bearing 
its  bitter  fruits.  The  trustees  were  the  parties  in  power; 
bvit,  even  where  filled  with  the  best  dispositions,  were 
generally  men  whose  time  was  taken  up  with  their  own 
business  affairs,  and  who,  consequently,  could  attend  to 
the  interests  of  the  church  only  at  intervals.  The  re- 
sult was  an  utter  want  of  economy.  A  church  would 
be  begun  beyond  the  means  of  the  congregation,  and 
often,  where  contractors  brought  influence  to  bear  on  the 
members  of  the  board,  built  at  a  fearfully  exagger- 
ated cost  for  every  thing  furnished.  The  trustees  then 
found  themselves  face  to  face  with  a  debt  beyond  their 
power  to  meet  or  manage.  They  could  make  no  appeal 
to  the  congregation  in  the  sacred  name  of  religion.  They 
possessed  no  such  infliience  as  would  touch  the  hearts 
of  the   generous. 

In   their    utter   inefficiency,    these    bodies    then    tmiied 


CHURCH  or  ST.  JOHN  THE  EVANGELIST.  429 

to  the  priest  placed  by  the  bishop  in  the  church,  but 
it  was  no  part  really  of  his  sacred  calling  to  make 
himself  a  collector  and  money  raiser  for  a  board  which 
expended  the  means  of  the  church  frequently  against  his 
judgment  and  his  sound  advice.  St.  John  the  Evange- 
list is  an  gxample  of  the  result  of  tliis  false  position. 
The  trustees  were  unable  to  derive  enough  from  pew 
rents  or  the  collections  in  the  chm-ch  to  meet  the  ex- 
penses, or  pay  even  the  interest  on  the  mortgage  which 
covered  the  property.  They  had  neither  time  nor  abil- 
ity to  go  elsewhere  and  invoke  aid.  Even  in  the 
church  itself,  the  faithful,  notwithstanding  the  appeals  of 
the  successive  clergymen,  were  loth  to  give  money, 
when   all   that   was   given   seemed   hopelessly  sunk. 

The  holder  of  the  mortgage,  after  waiting  for  years 
and  seeing  no  hope  of  obtaining  any  payment  whatever, 
finally  foreclosed,  and  as  no  effort  was  made  even  then 
to  obtain  a  loan  elsewhere,  or  raise  any  part  of  the  in- 
debtedness, the  Church  of  St.  John  the  Evangelist  was 
sold   at   auction. 

It  was  the  first  time  that  such  an  affliction  had  be- 
fallen a  Catholic  church  in  the  city,  and  it  came  like 
a  death-knell  on  the  whole  body.  It  broke  the  heart  of 
the  pastor,  who,  not  responsible  for  the  position  of 
affairs,  and  coming  to  the  position  when  the  disaster 
was  irreti'ievable,  had  appealed  in  vain  to  his  flock  to 
save   the    church.      He    never    recovered    from    the   blow, 


430  CATHOLIC  CIIUKCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

wliich  may  be  said  to  have  terminated  a  long  and  use- 
ful   ministry. 

The    disOTaceful    sale   was   a    lesson.      It   showed   that 

o 

the  trustee  system  was  inherently  wrong;  that  the  bishop 
and  his  clergy  alone  could  inspire  the  confidence  which 
would  induce  the  faithful  to  give  of  their  mealis  to  erect 
and   maintain    the    shrines  of  religion. 

The  congregation  was  bereft  of  its  chm-ch,  which, 
standing  there  with  closed  doors,  Avas  a  bitter  reproach. 
To  rescue  the  fair  fame  of  the  Catholic  body,  the  Right 
Reverend  Bishop  sent  to  tlie  parish  a  young  and  ener- 
getic priest,  who  was  not  to  be  appalled  by  difficulties, 
but  rather  enjoyed  grappling  with  them.  This  was  the 
Rev.     Michael     Currau,     Jr. 

Coming  to  his  work,  he  was  free  from  all  trustee 
interference.  All  devolved  on  himself  personall}',  and  he 
was  iintrammeled.  The  Chapel  of  St.  Ignatius  was  again 
opened.  The  old  college  building  had  become  the 
property  of  St.  Patrick's  Cathedi-al,  St.  Peter's  Church 
liavinjj-  sold  its  interest.  In  the  large  hall  of  this  build- 
ing  an  altar  was  set  up,  and  in  this  temporary  chapel 
the  congregation  of  St.  John  the  Evangelist  met,  to  hear 
mass  and  ajjproach  the  sacraments,  for  about  a  year. 
Meanwhile  their  young  priest  was  collecting  far  and 
near,  appealing  to  the  charity  and  religious  feeling  of 
every  benevolent  Catholic.  It  was  not  a  time  when  such 
a    collection    was    an    easy    matter;    it    was    the    day  when 


CIIUKCII  OF  ST.  JOHN  THE  EVANGELIST.  431 

the  terrible  famine  in  Ireland  was  desolating  the  country, 
and  all  who  loved  that  ill-fated  land  felt  as  if  every 
cent  that  they  could  give  must  be  devoted  to  the  relief 
of  that  starving  nation,  where  satanic  proselytizers  \vere 
endeavoring  to  lure  the  famishing  from  their  faith  by 
the    offer    of  bread. 

Yet  the  Rev.  Mr.  Cm-ran  succeeded;  although,  as  often 
happens,  the  purchasers  of  the  church,  seeing  the  desire 
to  regain  it,  more  than  once  raised  the  price,  the  priest 
went  steadily  on.  He  paid  the  amount  demanded,  and 
b}-  the  direction  of  the  bishop  took  the  deed  of  the 
property  in  his  own  name  till  other  arrangements  were 
made.  Recently,  in  one  of  those  periodical  revivals  of 
the  old  falsehood  that  the  new  cathedral  property  was 
given  to  the  Cathohcs  by  the  city,  allusion  was  made  to 
the  deed  subsequently  made  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Cm-ran, 
reminding  this  generation  of  his  noble  work  thirty  years 
ago,  in  recovering,  by  his  personal  exertions,  a  Catholic 
cluu-ch    which    had   been    swept   away    from    us. 

Two  years'  pastorship  enabled  him  to  place  the 
Cluu-ch  of  St.  John  the  Evangelist  on  a  solid  footing, 
and  open  to  it  a  time  of  prosperity.  In  May,  1850,  he 
was  transferred  to  another  field,  and  the  present  pastor. 
Rev.  James  McMahon,  was  appointed.  Some  money  had 
been  borrowed  on  bond  and  mortgage;  but  the  new 
pastor,  with  means  of  his  own,  at  once  discharged  this 
incumbrance    and    soon     paid    off    all    other     debts,    leavin<>- 


432  CATHOLIC  CHUKCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

his  little  clim-cli  entirely  free.  The  parish  was  at  this 
time  very  extensive,  embracing  from  Thirtieth  to  Eighty- 
sixth  Street  on  the  East  River,  and  from  Fortieth  to 
Eighty-sixth  Street  west  of  Broadway,  and  including  also 
Blackwell's  Island. 

The  increase  of  the  Catholic  body  in  this  large  dis- 
trict was  soon  felt.  In  the  autumn  of  1853,  this  and 
the  projected  erection  of  a  new  cathedi-al  on  the  block 
called  for  action.  It  was  resolved  to  purchase  the  pres- 
ent site  and  remove  the  chm-ch  to  it,  building  a  high 
basement  for  school  purposes.  Five  hundred  dollars  were 
subscribed  at  the  first  meeting,  to  begin  the  necessary 
work.  The  transfer  was  soon  completed,  and  the  church, 
thus  renovated  and  restored,  served  the  pm-poses  of  the 
parishioners  for  a  time ;  but  a  few  years  later  an  addition, 
forty  feet  by  ninety,  was  erected,  making  the  edifice 
ninety  feet  in  width  by  one  hundi-ed  and  forty  in  depth, 
and  costing  in  all  fifteen  thousand  dollars.  The  old 
pastoral  residence,  so  venerable  for  its  associations,  was 
at  the  same  time  removed  from  the  cathedral  gromids 
to   its   present   site. 

Meanwhile  a  fine  organ  had  been  built  in  the  chm-ch, 
embracing  many  improvements  which  were  the  invention 
of  the  reverend  pastor.  The  merit  of  the  instrument 
was  so  great  that  it  was  resolved  to  transfer  it  to  the 
new    cathedi-al.       Its    value    was   thirty    thousand    dollars. 

As    the    city    grew    rapidly    around    the    spot,    other 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOHN  THE  EVANGELIST.  433 

churches  were  founded,  di-awing  off  part  of  the  ct>ngre- 
gation,  and  reducing  greatly  the  Hmits  of  the  parish  of 
St.    John   the    Evangehst. 

On  the  10th  of  January,  1871,  a  disaster  befell  the 
church.  Like  the  chui'ch  dedicated  to  the  Holy  Precursor 
of  our  Lord,  St.  John  the  Baptist,  the-  church  dedicated 
to  the  beloved  apostle,  St.  John  the  Evangelist,  fell  a  vic- 
tim to  the  flames.  The  fire  originated  in  the  sanctuary, 
but  could  not  be  explained.  The  timbers  being  old  and 
di"y,  the  devouring  element  spread  rapidly,  and  the 
church  was  burned  to  the  ground.  The  organ,  the 
pride  of  the  pastor,  and  his  labor  for  years,  perished; 
nor  was  it  possible  to  save  even  the  vestments  and 
paintings  in  the  chm-ch,  while  the  insurance  was  incon- 
siderable compared  to  the  loss  sustained.  Undaunted  by 
this  disaster,  the  Rev.  Mr.  ]\IcMahon  set  to  work  to  re- 
build St.  John  the  Evangelist,  on  Fiftieth  Street  and 
Madison  Avenue.  At  a  meeting  of  the  parishioners,  ten 
thousand  dollars  were  subscribed.  In  a  few  months,  a 
new  and  substantial  brick  church  was  erected,  with  fire- 
proof walls  and  slate  I'oof,  capable  of  seating  twelve 
hundred  comfortably.  It  was  supplied  with  a  new  or- 
gan of  greater  strength  and  more  perfect  tone  than  the 
lost  one.  In  November,  the  Jesuit  Fatlier  Damen  and 
his  associates  gave  a  mission  in  this  church,  at  which 
more  than    ten    thousand    approached   the    saci'aments.       As 

the    present    clim'ch   will    not    be    needed   when    the    new 
28 


434  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

cathedral  opens,  it  was  erected  with  a  view  to  its  be- 
ing transformed  hereafter  into  a  parochial  school  for  boys. 
There  is  now  here  a  girls'  school,  under  the  direction  of 
the  Sisters  of  Charity,  which  numbers  no  fewer  than 
seven  hundred  pupils.  To  afford  opportunity  to  those 
who  desire  a  liigher  grade  of  teaching,  the  Sisters  of 
Mercy  from  Houston  Street,  a  few  years  since  opened, 
at  128  East  Fifty -fom-th  Street,  St.  John's  Academy  of 
Our  Lady  of  Mercy,  which  has  been  singularly  success- 
ful in  its  results,  and  is  attended  by  about  one  hun- 
di'ed   young   ladies. 

Among  the  societies  attached  to  the  church  are  the 
Society  of  the  Holy  Family,  a  Temperance  Society,  a 
Conference  of  the  Society  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul,  and 
a  Circle  of  the  Catholic  Union,  with  Altar  and  Rosary 
societies,    and    sodalities    for    older   and    younger   members. 

The  assistants  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  McMahon  are  the 
Rev.  Michael  Callahan,  a  native  of  Cavan,  Ireland,  edu- 
cated at  St.  Francis  Xavier's  College  and  St.  Joseph's 
Seminary ;  the  Rev.  Thomas  A.  j\IcCabe,  a  native  of 
New  York,  who  went  from  the  same  college  to  the 
Seminary  of  Our  Ladies  of  the  Angels ;  and  the  Rev. 
C.  T.  Donovan,  a  native  of  Ireland,  who  completed  liis 
divinity   course   at   the   Provincial    Seminary,    Troy. 

The  church  in  New  York  dedicated  to  the  beloved 
Apostle  and  Evangelist,  St.  John,  is,  as  we  have  seen, 
in  time  to  become  a  school.      The  name  of  the  chapel  of 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOHN  THE  EVANGELIST.  435 

St.  Ignatius  and  of  tlie  Church  of  St.  Jolm  will  doubt- 
less be  preserved  among  the  chapels  in  the  new  cathe- 
dral to  continue  the  protection  of  those  gi-eat  saints  in- 
voked on  the  spot,  upon  all  who  there  offer  up  theu- 
prayers    to    God. 

St.  John — Apostle,  Evangelist,  Prophet  of  the  New 
Law,  nearest  to  the  heart  of  our  Blessed  Lord,  on 
which  he  reclined  at  the  Last  Supper  —  is  represented 
among  tlie  Evangelists  by  the  eagle,  to  note  the  sub- 
limity of  his  doctrine.  He  might  be  typified  by  the  dove 
or  by  a  flaming  heart,  to  show  how  his  heart  burned 
with  love  for  Grod  and  for  all  men.  Love  of  God  above 
all  things,  and  of  our  neighbor  for  God's  sake,  breathes 
from    every   line    of    his    epistles. 

St.  Ignatius,  founder  of  the  Society  of  Jesus,  who 
was  so  providentially  raised  up  by  God  to  check  the 
com-se  of  the  Reformation  —  whose  order  sent  Maryland 
her  first  missionaries,  and  so  long  kept  alive  the  faith 
in  colonial  times  —  gave  New  York  her  first  missionary, 
her  first  martyr,  her  first  resident  priests.  And  her  first 
college  should  not  be  forgotten  in  the  new  cathedral,  where 
his    chapel   once   stood. 


436 


CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YOEK. 


R 


OLL    OF 


H 


ONOR, 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOHN  THE  EVANGELIST. 


Bowe,  Patrick. 
Boyce,  James. 
Boyle,  John  J. 
Branique,  Margaret. 
Broun,  Johiv 
Buckley,  Dennis,  Mrs. 
Burlinson,  William. 
Cahill,  Thomas. 
Canavan.  John. 
Carey,  Thomas. 
Cary,  John  G. 
Casey,  J. 
Cavanagh,  Ellen. 
Chrystal,  Peter. 
Collins,  John. 
Collins,  P. 
Conlon,  John. 
Cooney,  John  W. 
Curran,  Peter. 
Daly,  Elizabeth,  Mrs. 
Daly,  Martin. 
Daylon,  Patrick. 
Denning,  Philip. 
Devine,  Michael. 
Donohne,  Catharine,Mrs. 
Donohue,  Philip. 
Doran,  Charles  J. 
Dowd,  James. 
Duffy,  Solomon. 
Dugan,  Francis. 
Duggan,  J.  A. 
Dunn,  James  H. 
Dunn,  John. 
Earle,  Eugene  M.,  Mrs. 
Elliott,  Estelle. 
Falihee,  Michael. 
Fallon,  William. 
Farley,  John. 
Farrell,  Edward. 
Filann.  Stephen, 
Fitzgerald,  William. 
Fitzgerald,  Catharine,  Mrs. 
P'itzpatrick,  Philip. 
Fitzsimmons,  Owen. 
Flaherty,  Michael. 
Fleherty,  Patrick. 
Galligan,  Bernard. 
Galvin,  James  T. 


Geoghegan,  James. 

Gibney,  Patrick. 

Gilmartin,  Thomas. 

Green,  Martin. 

Griffin,  James,  Mrs. 

Hafe,  ^Iargaret,  Mrs. 

Hanegan,  'I'homas. 

Hanlon,  Marcus,  Mrs. 

Harris,  Andrew. 

Healy,  Charles. 

Hennessey,  Arthur  J. 

Hennessey,  Michael. 

Hoctor,  John. 

Hogan,  Michael. 

Hughes,  Patrick  J. 

Irwin,  Michael  J. 
Jordan,  Margaret. 

Kain,  John. 
Kane,  Michael. 
Kearney,  James. 
Kelly,  Eugene. 
Kelley,  P. 
Kells,  Jeremiah. 
Kerrigan,  Thomas. 
Kipp,  Margaret  A. 
Leahy,  Thomas. 
Lenihan,  John. 
Loonie,  Dennis. 
Lynch,  Cornelius. 
McCarthy,  Michael. 
McEntee,  James. 
McGrane,  Thomas. 
McGuire,  John  T. 
McICeon,  Annie. 
McKinley,  John  W. 
McLaughlin,  Margaret. 
McLoughlin,  Thomas. 
McManus,  Thomas. 
McNally,  Matthew. 
McSorley,  John. 
Macguire,  Constantine  J. 
Madden,  Thomas. 
M.ahon,  Patrick. 
Mahony,  Dennis  J. 
Malone,  \^'il!iam. 
Marren,  Joseph. 
Martin,  James. 
Mason,  Frank. 


Matthews,  Peter. 

May,  Dominick. 

Meehan,  Margaret. 

Meehan,  Patrick  C. 

MoUoy,  John. 

Malcahey,  M.  J. 

Mulligan,  James. 

Mulvihill,  James. 

Murphy,  James. 

Murphy,  James  T. 

Murphy,  John. 

Murray,  Slatthew. 

Murray,  Michael. 

Nesraith,  John  P.,  Mrs. 
Neumann,  Francis  A. 

O'Brian,  Charles. 

O'Brien,  John  E. 

O'Brien,  Patrick. 

O'Conner,  Bernard. 

O'Connor,  J. 

O'Connor,  Thomas. 

O'Donohue,  J.  J. 

O'Donovan,  Jeremiah. 

O'Meara,  Catharine  F.,  Mrs. 

O'Rourke,  Feli,\. 

Plunkett,  John,  Mrs. 

Quinlan,  John. 

Raab,  John  H. 

Regan,  David,  Mrs. 

Reidy,  Edmund. 

Reilly,  James. 

Reynolds,  John  F. 

Riley,  Edward. 

Roche,  James. 

Roche,  John. 

Savney,  Philip. 

Seery.  Bernard. 

Shaw,  Patrick. 

Skelly,  Thomas. 

Smith,  James. 

Smith,  Philip. 

Smith,  W.  J. 

Sweeney,  Edward. 

Weeks,  Tirus, 

Wheeler,  Thomas. 

White,  Michael. 

Wilson,  James. 


■/:/^y/^. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOHN  THE  EVANGELIST.  437 


THE   REV.   JAMES   McMAHON, 

PASTOR    OF    THE    CHUECH    OF    ST.    JOHN    THE    EVANGELIST. 


THE  Rev.  James  McMalion  was  born  in  Ireland, 
and  was  educated  at  Jlaynootli,  where  his 
nncle  was  for  several  years  President.  The  yoiuig  can- 
didate for  the  priesthood  distinguished  himself  by  the 
depth  and  solidity  of  his  studies;  and  after  his  ordina- 
tion he  proceeded  to  the  Seminary  of  St.  Sulpice,  Paris,  in 
order  to  pm-sue  still  further  the  theological  studies  to 
which  he  was  attached.  From  the  seminary  in  Paris  he 
proceeded  to  the  institution  of  that  learned  body  in  Mon- 
treal; but  in  1843  came  to  New  York,  where  he  was 
appointed  by  Bishop  Hughes  assistant  at  St.  Mary's 
Church,  while  the  Very  Rev.  William  Starrs  was  pastor. 
He  remained  here  till  he  was  appointed  parish  priest  of 
St.  John  the  Evangelist,  and  was  greatly  regretted  by 
the   faithful    at    St.    Mary's. 

In  the  parish  with  which  he  has  been  so  long  iden- 
tified he  is  greatly  resjiected.  The  poor  have  ever  found 
in  him  a  kind  and  generous  friend.  In  his  ministry 
he  has  been  pious,  devoted,  and  imwearied,  while  his  man- 
agement   of    afiairs    has    been    judicious,     inspiring    ever}- 


438  CATHOLIC  CHUKCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

confidence,  so  that  the  faithful  are  ever  ready  to  co- 
operate  in   any   good   work. 

He  is  a  Hebrew  and  BibUcal  scholar  of  remarkable 
ability.  He  published  in  1848  what  may  be  regarded 
as  an  entirely  new  version  of  the  New  Testament,  based 
indeed  on  Challoner's  revision  of  the  old  Douay,  but  in 
which  he  brought  to  bear  the  results  of  his  years  of  special 
study.  He  also  edited,  with  many  evidences  of  his  crit- 
ical ability,  the  Haydock  Bible,  issued  by  Edward  Dmii- 
gan  &  Brother,  and  now  2Dublished  by  Thomas  Kelly 
of  this  city.  His  Testament  is  now  issued  by  Kelly, 
Piet    &    Co.,    of  Baltimore. 

In  music  he  is  a  great  proficient;  not  only  h\\\y 
versed  in  all  the  best  ecclesiastical  masters,  but  is  also 
skillful  in  the  manufacture  of  musical  instruments.  Cluu'ch 
organs  have  been  his  especial  study,  and  the  improve- 
ments introduced  by  him  have  been  many  and  import- 
ant; though,  as  we  have  seen,  the  first  great  work  of 
his  skill  perished  in  the  fire  that  laid  St.  John's  in 
ashes. 


CHURCH    OF   SAINT  JOSEPH, 

SIXTH  AVlilSUJi. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  JOSEPH. 

SIXTH    AVENUE    AND    WEST    WASHINGTON     PLACE. 


BISHOP  DU  BOIS,  in  the  impulse  which  he  gave 
to  the  needed  church  extension  in  his  epis- 
copal city,  showed  his  devotion  to  the  Holy  Family  by 
dedicating  the  first  churches  to  Jesus,  Mary,  and  Jo- 
seph. The  edifice  in  Ann  Sti-eet  already  bore  the 
name  of  our  Blessed  Lord ;  that  in  Sheriff  Street  re- 
ceived that  of  liis  holy  ]\[otlier  Immaculate ;  a  third  was 
to  bear  the  name  of  Joseph,  the  foster  father  of  our 
Saviour,  the  princely  but  humble  descendant  of  David. 
Green-wich  Village  was  then  an  outlying  suburb  of 
the  settled  part  of  New  York,  reached  by  a  pleasant 
road  that  ran  off  from  Broadway  towards  the  North  River. 
There  were  Catholics  here  in  sufficient  number  to  form  a 
congregation,  bvit  no  means  had  been  taken  to  supply  theii" 
want  or  to  rouse  them  to  act;  though  the  Orangemen,  in 
1824,  had  managed  to  create  a  riot  here  for  which  several 
were  punished.  "  I  have  been  unable,"  wrote  this  Right 
Reverend  Bishop,  in  March  1830,  "  to  procure  means  to 
build  a  chiu-ch  in  one  of  the  suburbs,  where  the  Cath- 
olic population  is  very  considerable,  and  too  far-  from 
other    chm-ches    for   them    to    attend.       I   have    accordingly 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOSEPH.  441 

been  obliged  to  hire,  for  two  hundred  dollars  a  year,  a 
very  large  hall,  which  can  hold  seven  or  eight  hundred 
persons.  It  is  another  burden  that  falls  entirely  on  me, 
poor   as    I    am." 

In  this  hall,  situated  on  Grove  Street,  the  Catholics 
of  the  "  village "  Avere  organized  under  the  law,  the 
trustees  of  the  new  Church  of  St.  Joseph  being  Eugene 
Cummiskey,  John  Devlin,  Andrew  Leary,  Joseph  Lamb, 
and  Patrick  Kinsala,  and  preparations  made  to  erect  a 
church.  Bishop  Du  Bois  confided  the  task  to  the  Rev. 
James  Cummiskey,  and  early  in  the  year  1833,  lots  were 
purchased  in  the  name  of  the  new  corporation,  on  the 
corner  of  Sixth  Avenue  and  BaiTow  Street.  Here,  on 
the  tenth  of  June,  1833,  the  corner-stone  of  St.  Joseph's 
Church  was  laid,  with  all  the  ceremonies,  rejoicing  the 
hearts  of  the  Catholic  body,  as  St.  Maiy's  had  been 
dedicated  only  the  day  before.  The  erection  of  the 
church  was  then  begun.  There  were  some  devoted  and 
zealous  Catholics  ready  to  contribute,  but  there  were 
some  actuated  by  a  Avretched  spirit  of  mischief ;  and 
even  in  what  was  considered  the  Catholic  paper,  there 
appeared  a  communication  of  the  most  insiilting  charac- 
ter addressed  to  the  venerable  and  devoted  Bishop,  who 
was  doing  all  in  his  power  to  afford  the  Catholics  of 
that  portion  of  his  diocese  the  opportimity  of  fulfilling 
their   sacred   obligations. 

The   trustees    promptly    ansAvered    the    wretched    slan- 


442  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

derer,  sustaining  the    Bishop    and   the   clergyman   appointed 
by   him. 

The  church  was  well  advanced,  as  we  find,  in  the 
Catholic  paper  of  October  5th,  the  following  advertise- 
ment, which  will  seem  curious  to  the  pi'esent  generation 
of  Catholics  : — 

"  St.  Joseph's  Church. — The  trustees  respectfully  in- 
■sate  the  friends  of  this  church  to  the  ceremony  of  what  is 
generally  called  the  Raishtg,  which  will  take  place  at 
tlu-ee  o'clock  tliis  afternoon,  under  the  direction  of  Mr. 
James   Dempsey,   master  carpenter. 

"  By    order, 

"  Joseph  Lamb,    Sec'y." 

The  church  Avas  completed,  early  in  1834,  sufficiently 
to  admit  of  its  being  dedicated  to  the  service  of  God ; 
]\Ir.  John  Doran  being  the  architect;  Dempsey,  Dougherty, 
and  Foley,  the  builders.  The  solemn  ceremony  took 
place  on   Sunday,   the    16th   of  March. 

Catholics  looked  to  the  new  church  -NAith  pride.  It 
was,  next  to  the  cathedral,  the  largest  church  they  yet 
had  in  the  great  City  of  New  York.  It  contained  two 
hundi-ed  and  seventy  pews,  and  had  galleries  with  seats 
so  arranged  that  all  fronted  the  altar.  The  ceiling  was 
paneled,  and  decorated  in  artistic  style,  with  festoons  of 
flowers  and  vines,  while  the  altar  was  something  wonder- 
ful for  its  time,  and  described  as  a  "  costly  and  superb 
specimen    of  Italian   workmanship." 


CUUECII  OF  ST.  JOSEPH.  443 

The  scene  within  the  sanctuary,  when  tlie  office  for 
the  dedication  of  a  churcli  was  performed,  was  one 
worthy  of  being  commemorated  by  an  liistoric  painting. 
From  the  sacristy  came  forth  the  procession,  led  by 
acolytes,  followed  by  the  clergy  and  the  Right  Reverend 
Bishop,  and  when  the  Pontifical  High  Mass  followed, 
there  stood  at  the  altar  the  venerable  Bishop  Du  Bois, 
founder  of  Mount  St.  Mary's ;  in  the  robes  of  a  deacon, 
the  Rev.  Wm.  Quarter,  who  was  to  die  Bishop  of  Chi- 
cago ;  and  in  the  tunic  of  a  subdeacon,  the  Rev.  John 
McCloskey,  future  Bishop,  Archbishop,  and  America's  first 
Cardinal ;  while  among  the  clergy  present  in  sm-plice 
and  cassock  was  the  erect  form  and  commanding  counte- 
nance of  the  Rev.  John  Hughes  of  Philadelphia,  who, 
as  successor  of  the  officiating  prelate,  was  to  make  his 
name    known   tlu'oughout   the    world. 

The  other  priests  noted  as  present  that  day  are 
known  among  those  who  lived  to  be  veterans  in  the 
aiTxiy  of  the  Lord — the  Rev.  J.  A.  Sclmeller,  who  acted 
as  master  of  ceremonies,  the  Rev.  J.  Cummiskey,  first 
pastor  of  St.  Joseph's;  the  Rev.  John  Kelly,  Rev.  Jolm 
Conroy. 

The  sermon  was  preached  by  the  Rev.  Charles  C. 
Pise,  D.I).,  taking  as  liis  text  the  words  of  II.  Paralipome- 
non,  vii.  16  :  "I  have  chosen  and  have  sanctified  this 
place,  that  my  name  may  be  there  forever,  and  my  eyes 
and    my    heart   may    remain    there    peqietually."     The    ser- 


444  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

mon,  full  of  beauties  of  style  and  eloquent  movement, 
showed  the  perpetuity  and  unchang-eability  of  religion ;  its 
perfection  under  Jesus  Christ,  who  confeiTed  on  it  that 
grace  which,  of  all  possible  institutions,  is  the  most  per- 
fect and  sublime.  He  drew  the  history  of  the  church 
and  her  altars  founded  on  the  rock.  "  This  rock,  on 
which  her  foundations  were  laid  in  the  beginning,  has 
not  yielded,  in  the  least,  to  the  fury  of  the  waves, 
but  still  dashes  back,  as  it  ever  did,  the  foam  of  ages 
and  the  tempest's  wrath.  Like  some  high  and  solitary 
beacon  shedding  an  undying  light  upon  the  waste  of 
waters,  the  Church  rears  her  heaven-lit  head  over  the 
desolation  of  the  past  and  the  changes  of  the  present, 
to  remain  in  her  grand  and  solitary  position,  beaming 
down    on    time    the  light    of   eternity." 

The  collection  with  the  money  received  for  tickets 
amounted  to  fifteen  hundred  dollars — a  large  sum  for 
New    York   nearly   fifty  years    ago. 

Almost  contemporaneous  with  the  erection  of  St. 
Joseph's,  the  good  bishop  began,  in  the  same  district, 
an  excellent  charity,  the  Half  Orphan  Asylum.  It  was 
incorporated  May  2,  1835,  as  the  Asylum  for  the  Re- 
lief of  the  Children  of  Poor  AVidowers  and  Widows.  It 
was  placed  under  the  care  of  the  Sisters  of  Charity, 
and  it  was  hoped  that  the  surviving  parent  would  con- 
tribute sufficient  to  enable  the  asylum  to  tlirive,  with  a 
little    assistance     from     the    various     congregations;    but    it 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOSEPH.  445 

soon  proved  that  the  revenue  from  this  sonrce  was  very 
trifling.  For  years  the  Easter  collection  in  all  the 
chui-ches  went  to  the  support  of  this  Asylum,  but  it 
was  sustained  mainly  by  the  generosity  of  a  few  de- 
voted Catholics,  chiefly  members  of  St.  Joseph's  congre- 
gation. By  an  act  passed  April  13th,  1852,  the  Orphan 
and  Half  Orphan  Asylums  were  united,  and  the  building 
used   by    the    latter    became    St.    Vincent's    Hospital. 

The  parish  of  St.  Joseph  was  very  large.  It  ex- 
tended for  many  years  from  Canal  Street  to  Twentieth 
Street,  west  of  Broadway,  entailing  severe  labor  on  the 
clergyman,  especiall}'  in  the  visitation  of  the  sick.  The 
church  had  scarcely  been  opened  when  the  cholera  for 
the  second  time  swept  over  New  York,  with  less  deadly 
effect  than  in  1832,  but  still  carrying  off  thousands  of 
victims. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Cummiskey,  with  the  other  clergymen 
of  the  city,  showed  the  utmost  devotedness  in  this 
period.  He  did  not  remain,  however,  long  in  charge  of 
the  parish,  being  succeeded  before  the  close  of  the  year 
by  the  Rev.  Dr.  Charles  Constantine  Pise,  who  remained 
at  St.  Joseph's  for  about  two  years.  He  was  a  native 
of  Maryland,  a  brilliant  writer  and  orator,  of  elegant 
and  attractive  manners.  He  was  one  of  the  earliest  in 
this  country  to  attempt  to  diff'use  among  Catholics  a  class 
of  lighter  and  more  attractive  literature,  in  which  the 
doctrines   and    practices   of    the   Church   were   defended   or 


446  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

correctly  represented.  His  poetry  was  also  of  a  high 
order,  based  on  the  purest  models.  With  Dr.  Varela  he 
was  for  several  years  editor  of  the  Catholic  Expositor, 
and  frequently  contributed  to  other  Catholic  periodicals. 
After  leaving  St.  Joseph's  he  was  for  many  years  at  St. 
Peter's,  and  then  founded  the  Church  of  St.  Charles  Bor- 
romeo,    Brooklyn,    where   he    died. 

During  Dr.  Pise's  incumbency,  the  chm-ch  was  com- 
pleted and  some  improvements  made,  and  a  fine  fresco 
of  the  Transfigiu-ation,  after  Raphael,  was  painted  as  the 
altar-piece.  A  sacred  oratorio  was  given  in  October,  1835, 
to  meet  the  expense  of  these  ameliorations.  Dr.  Pise  was 
active  in  exertions,  by  lectures,  sermons,  and  fairs,  in  be- 
half of  the  Half  Orphan  Asylum,  then  on  Sixth  Avenue, 
and    containing    a   hundred    children. 

In  1838,  the  Right  Rev.  Bishop  Hughes  appointed 
to  St.  Joseph's  the  Rev.  John  McCloskey,  who  brought 
to  this  pastoral  charge  all  his  learning  and  experience,  as 
well  as  those  personal  gifts  which  endear  him  to  all.  He 
remained  the  revered  pastor  till  the  opening  of  St.  John's 
College,  Fordham,  in  1841,  when  he  became  the  first  presi- 
dent and  real  founder  of  that  institution,  giving  it  from 
the  outset  the  high  character  it  has  always  maintained. 
Dm-ing  his  presidency  of  the  college  he  continued  to 
discharge  his  duties  at  St.  Joseph's,  and  when  Dr.  Man- 
ahan  became  president  of  St.  John's,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Mc- 
Closkey,   to   the    delight    of    the   parish,    was    again  wholly 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOSEPH.  447 

theirs.  He  was  assisted  successively  by  the  Rev.  B. 
Carraher,  the  Rev.  D.  W.  Bacon,  afterwards  Bishop  of 
Porthind,    and    the    Rev.    J.    P.    Biu-ke. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  McCan-on  was  an  energetic  priest, 
highly  esteemed  by  Archbishop  Hughes,  who,  in  time, 
made  him  archdeacon  of  the  diocese.  He  was  un- 
wearied in  attending  to  his  duties,  and  always  ready  to 
hasten  to  the  couch  of  the  sick,  in  the  most  inclement 
weather  and  at  the  most  distant  points  of  his  parish. 
Large  as  it  was,  and  scattered  as  his  flock,  not  a  Catho- 
lic died  without  the  sacrament.^  tlu-ough  any  remissness 
or  neglect  on  his  part.  He  was  as  devoted  in  the  con- 
fessional,   and    at    all    the    offices    of    the    Church. 

As  soon  as  he  had  introduced  system  into  the  af- 
fairs of  the  diocese,  he  set  himself  heart  and  soul  to 
establish  parochial  schools  for  the  young  of  both  sexes, 
in  order  to  secm-e  them  that  training  in  the  faith  which 
can  alone  save  them  from  the  allurements  of  vice,  often 
insidiously  masked  under  the  disguise  of  proselyting 
zeal. 

Eai-ly  in  1855,  by  his  unweared  exertions,  he  com- 
pleted a  school  building  on  Leroy  Street,  which  Catho- 
lics then  justly  regarded  as  magnificent.  It  was  opened 
on  the  16tli  of  April.  The  boys  were  under  the  care 
of  Brothers  of  the  Christian  Schools,  and  soon  numbered 
four  hundi-ed  and  fifty.  Three  Sisters  of  Charity  as- 
siuned    the    direction    of   the  four   hundred  girls    who   were 


448  CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

sent  to  receive  an  education  at  their  hand^  under  tlie 
patronage  of  the  foster  father  of  oiu-  Lord.  He  did 
not  stop  here.  The  next  year  the  Sisters  of  Charity 
opened  on  Sixth  Avenue  an  acadeiu}-,  which  to  this  day 
has  enjoyed  the  highest  ])opularity,  and  trained  many 
young   ladies    most  creditably. 

From  1845  to  1849,  the  Rev.  Mr.  McCarron  was 
assisted  by  the  Rev.  William  Quinn,  now  for  many 
years  the  distinguished  Vicar  General  of  the  diocese, 
who,  at  the  bier  of  the  pastor  of  St.  Joseph's,  paid  an 
eloquent  tribute  to  his  worth.  Among  other  cm'ates  may 
be  named  the  Rev.  William  Everett,  so  long  identified 
with  the  Church  of  the  Nativity,  and  the  Rev.  Jerome 
Nobriga,  who,  placed  in  St.  Joseph's  by  Bishop  Hughes 
in  1849,  is  still,  after  neai'ly  thirty  years'  parochial  work, 
laboring    in    the    same   parish. 

After  ten  years'  ser\-ice  at  St.  Joseph's,  the  Rev. 
Mr.  I\IcCarron  was  transferred  to  St.  Mary's,  and  died 
pastor   of  that   church,    February    23,    1867. 

He  was  succeeded  at  St.  Joseph's  Chui-ch  by  the 
present  parish  priest,  the  Rev.  Thomas  Fan-ell,  under 
whose  able  management  the  church  has  prospered  won- 
derfully. Dm-ing  his  long  pastoral  relation  of  more  than 
twenty-two  years,  he  has  had,  among  other  cm-ates,  be- 
sides the  venerable  Mr.  Nobriga,  the  Rev.  E.  Maguire, 
Rev.  Hugh  T.  Brad)-,  Rev.  P.  McSweeny,  Rev.  Reuben 
Parsons,    Rev.    James    O'Leary,    Rev.    E.   A.    Dmiphy,    Rev. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOSEPH.  449 

John  P.  ]\rcClancy,  Rev.  John  J.  Duffy,  Rev.  John  Fitz- 
harris,  and  his  present  capable  assistants,  Rev.  J.  B.  Salter 
and   Rev.   J.  J.    McCauley. 

Among  incidents  worthy  of  note  was  the  administer- 
ing of  the  Holy  Sacrament  of  Confii-matlon,  on  the  23d 
of  May,  1861,  by  the  Bishop  of  Guadalajara,  Mexico, 
then  banished  from  his  see,  who  was  thus  enabled  to 
judge,  b}-  the  order  and  regularity  in  the  services  of 
the  chm-ch  and  the  number  of  both  sexes  who  approached 
the  sacraments,  how  real  was  the  progress  of  the  faith 
in    the    United    States. 

Although  the  chm-ches  of  St.  Alphonsus  Liguori,  St. 
Anthony  of  Padua,  St.  Bernard,  and  St.  Francis  Xavier, 
have  all  been  erected  within  the  bounds  of  the  parish 
of  St.  Joseph  as  it  existed  a  few  years  ago,  the  congre- 
gation is  still  a  very  large  one,  and  the  church  can 
barely,  by  the  numei'ous  services  on  Sundays  and  holi- 
days, enable  the  faithful  to  hear  mass.  The  Catholic 
population  of  the  parish  is  estimated  at  fifteen  thousand, 
while  the  church  can  at  most  hold  two  thousand.  The 
academy  and  schools  maintain  their  efficiency,  and  by 
the  number  of  pupils  show  that  the  flock  is  a  large 
one ;  there  being  nearly  a  thousand  children  in  the  pa- 
rochial   schools. 

The    piety    of    the   faithful   is    kept    alive    by   various 

sodalities    and    pious    associations,     while    the    Temperance 

Society    has   been   the    instrument    of  much   good. 
29 


450                  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Roll   of  H 

_ONOR. 

CHURCH 

OF  ST.  JOSEPH   (SIXTH  AVENUE).                                                                  1 

Anderson,  Patrick. 

Fenlay,  Michael. 

McCosker,  T. 

Bailey,  John  H. 

Floyd,  James  R. 

McCray,  William. 

T5ain,  Thomas. 

Francis,  Robert. 

McGinn,  John. 

Baker,  Wilham  H. 

Frank,  Augustus  A. 

McGinnity,  Dennis. 

Beh.an,  John. 

Gumbleton,  Henry  A. 

McGovern,  Thomas,  Mrs. 

Berenholtz,  George  N. 

Haight,  Ann,  Mrs. 

McHugh,  John. 

Bergen,  WilHam. 

Halloway,  John. 

McKenna,  Patrick. 

Bourke,  Godfrey  R. 

Hand,  John. 

McLaughlin,  .\nn. 

Brady,  Edward. 

Harney,  William. 

McParten,  J.  G. 

Brennan,  William. 

Harrigan,   Edward. 

MacKane,  John. 

Brett,  Joseph  William. 

Hart,  Martin. 

Maher,  Murtha  J. 

Burgess,  Mary  X.,  Mrs. 

Hayes,  Patrick,  Mrs. 

Mohan,  Bernard. 

Burns,  John. 

Hayward,  Robert,  Mrs. 

Mahon,  N.  P. 

Byrne,  Michael. 

Healy,  Nicholas. 

Monahan,  Thomas. 

Cantwell,  John,  Mrs. 

Holmes,  James. 

Moore,  Elizabeth. 

Carney,  Jame. . 

Howe,  George  P. 

Morange,  Martina,  Mrs. 

Carraher,  T. 

Kane,  John. 

Mount,  D.  Mrs. 

Carroll,  James. 

Keane,  John. 

Murphy,  John. 

Cassin,  Catharine,  Mrs. 

Kearney,  H. 

Murphy,  M.,  Mrs. 

Cavanagh,  John,  Mrs. 

Keenan,  John. 

Murray,  Frank, 

Clark,  Bernard. 

Kelly,  James. 

Norris,  John,  Mrs. 

Clarke,  John. 

Kelly,  P. 

O'LIara,  John. 

Condon,  Edward. 

Kelly,  Thomas. 

O'Neil,  D.  Edwin. 

Conlon,  James,  Mrs. 

Kennedy,  Arthur  J. 

O'Neil,  James. 

Cosgrove,  John. 

Kennedy,  Thomas  E. 

O'JSfeil,  Lawrence,  Mrs. 

Conville,  I'homas. 

Kenney,  Bartholomew  F. 

Quigley.  John. 

Coonan,  Thomas. 

Kernan,  J.  A. 

Quigley,  Thomas. 

Corbett,  James. 

Killeen,  Edward. 

Quinn,  Peter. 

Coughlan,  Michael. 

King,  Hugh. 

Rafferty,  Patrick. 

Coyle,  D.  E. 

Laden,  John. 

Redmond,  Mary  T.,  Mrs. 

Cronin,  John. 

Lee,  John. 

Scott,  John. 

Dailey,  Margaret  E.,  Mrs. 

Leonard.  John. 

Scully,  John  S. 

Dolan,  John. 

Logue,  Patrick. 

Severance,  Joseph  H.,  Mrs 

Donnelly,  M. 

Lynch,  James. 

Sheil,  Patrick. 

Dougherty,  Michael  F. 

Lynch,  John. 

Skelly.  Patrick. 

Driscoll,  James. 

McCarthy,  John  C. 

Sterritt,  William. 

Ennis,  Louisa  J.,  Mrs. 

McC.arvill,  John. 

Walker,  William  H. 

Farrell,  William. 

McConnell,  John  J. 

Walsh,  George. 

Fay,  James. 

Finnell,  Thomas  C. 

Walsh,  Thomas  F. 

CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOSEPH.  451 


REV.     THOMAS      FAREELL, 

PASTOR  OF  THE   CHUKCU  OF   ST.   JOSEPH. 


THE  Rev.  Thomas  Fairell,  who  has  for  more  than 
twenty  years  been  the  spiritual  guide  and  father 
t)f  the  flock  gathered  under  the  invocation  of  the  Patron 
of  the    Universal    Church,    is    a   native   of  Ireland. 

He  was  born  in  the  County  Longford  in  1823,  and 
came  to  this  country  in  childhood.  After  studying  the 
rudiments  in  local  schools,  he  entered  the  College  of 
Mount  St.  Mary's,  at  Emmettsburg,  and  was  graduated  in 
that  institution.  At  the  close  of  his  theological  covu-se  in 
the  seminary  connected  with  the  college,  he  was  ordained 
priest   some    time    in   the    year    1847. 

The  next  year,  having  joined  the  Diocese  of  New 
York,  he  was  appointed  chaplain  to  the  mother  house  of 
the  Sisters  of  Charity  at  Momit  St.  Vincent,  and  minis- 
tered in  the  beautiful  chapel  still  standing  within  the 
limits  of  the  Central  Park.  He  was  soon  after  associated 
with  the  Rev.  Richard  Kein  as  one  of  the  assistant 
priests    at    St.    Bridget's    Church. 

At  the  close  of  the  year  1852,  the   Right   Rev.  Bishop 
Hughes,    satisfied   with    the    ability   and    zeal   he   had   dis- 


452  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

played,  apjiointed  liim  pastor  of  St,  Paul's  Church,  Har- 
lem, aud  he  remained  in  charge  of  that  church  till  the 
year  1864.  He  was  then  called  to  the  more  important 
city  parish  of  St.  Mary's,  which  he  directed  till  his 
appointment    as   pastor    of  St.    Joseph's,    in    1857. 

His  career  in  tliis  parish  has  been  one  in  which  he 
has  won  the  esteem  of  the  people  confided  to  his  care, 
as  an  earnest,  pious,  solid  priest.  Among  liis  fellow 
priests  he  is  esteemed  as  one  of  clear  and  vigorous 
mind,    a    wise    comisellor   in    diificulty. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Fai-rell  was  one  of  those  who  took  a 
deep  interest  in  the  late  Orestes  A.  Brownson.  When 
circumstances  compelled  that  illustrious  convert  to  stop 
the  publication  of  the  Review,  which  had  done  such  ser- 
vice to  the  cause  of  truth  from  the  time  of  his  conver- 
sion to  the  faith,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Farrell,  with  the  late 
Rev.  Dr.  Cummings  and  others,  raised  a  fund  and  pm-- 
chased  an    annuity    for    the    great   Catholic  philosopher. 


CHURCH    OF   SAINT  JOSEPH    (GERMAN). 

EAST  EIGHTY-SEVENTH  STREET,  YOKKVILLE. 


ALTHOUGH  a  Catholic  chm-ch  at  Yorkville  had 
afforded  Catholics  for  some  years  the  opportu- 
nity of  taking  part  in  the  Holy  Sacrifice  and  approach- 
ing the  sacraments,  still,  as  the  number  of  German 
Catholics  increased,  they  began  to  thinlc  of  forming  a 
congregation   by   themselves. 

The  right  reverend  Fathers  of  Third  Sti'eet  freely 
permitted  mass  to  be  said  in  the  asylum  for  the  Cathohcs 
of  their  nationality.  For  some  years,  the  Rev.  Theresius 
S.  GezoAvsky  attended  this  little  flock  withovit  being  able 
to  obtain  such  aid  as  would  justify  conunencing  to  build 
a     chiu'ch. 

The  congregation  had,  however,  grown  so  rapidly 
that  the  most  influential  German  Catholics  of  Yorkville 
thought  of  having  a  church  of  their  own.  They  called 
on  Father  Bapst,  the  late  provincial  of  the  Jesuit  Fathers 
of  New    York,  and   begged    of  him    to   give    them  a   priest 


■  CHURCH  OF  yr.  JOSEPH.  455 

of  the  Society  of  Jesus  for  commencing  the  work.  As 
otlier  religious  orders  were  administering  to  the  German 
CathoHcs  in  New  York^  it  was  only  becoming  that  the 
society  to  which  the  pioneer  priest — ^the  German  Jesuit, 
Father  Farmer — belonged,  should  also  labor  in  the 
same  field.  In  consequence,  the  Reverend  Father  Bapst 
acceded  to  their  request,  and,  with  the  pennission  of  his 
Eminence,  the  Rev.  Joseph  Durthaller,  an  experienced 
priest,  was  selected  for  the  new  parochial  duties.  He  con- 
tmued  to  occupy  wnth  his  flock  the  Asylum  chapel  while 
he  erected  a  new  church  which  took  the  same  name, 
that  of  the  Universal  Patron  of  the  Catholic  Church. 
Five  lots  of  groimd  on  Eighty-seventh  Street  were  pur- 
chased of  Mr.  S.  Hillebrand,  and  on  this  spot  the  erec- 
tion of  a  fine  brick  church  was  begun,  in  1873, 
under  the  supervision  of  L.  O'Connor,  Esq.,  architect.  It 
was  completed  early  in  the  following  year.  The  new 
Chm-ch  of  St.  Joseph,  forty-six  feet  in  front  by  ninety- 
six  in  depth,  was  dedicated  by  the  Most  Reverend 
Ai-chbishop  McCloskey  on  the  26th  of  April,  1874.  Af- 
ter the  edifice  had,  by  lioly  rite  and  prayer,  been  set 
apart  to  God's  service,  a  High  Mass  was  offered  by  the 
Rev.  William  Gockeln,  S.J.,  President  of  St.  John's 
College,  Fordham,  and  a  sermon  was  preached  on  the 
happy  occasion  by  the  Rev.  Joseph  Wirth,  C.SS.R.,  of 
the   Chm-ch  of  the   Most   Holy   Redeemer. 

Annexed   to    the    church   is    an    office    and   a   parochial 


456  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

residence,  erected  at  the  same  time  as  St.  Joseph's,  the 
whole    costing   about  forty-eiglit   thousand   dollars. 

The  church  contains  a  hundred  and  foiu-  2:)ews,  and 
will  accommodate  about  a  thousand  persons.  It  has  been 
well  attended,  not  only  by  Germans  but  by  other  Catho- 
lics in  the  vicinity,  and  promises,  in  a  few  years,  under 
zealous  care,  to  become  a  fervent  and  tlu'iving  parish,  as 
the   number    steadily    increases. 

In  1877,  there  were  in  this  church  one  hmidred  and 
eighty-nine    baptisms  and    sixteen    marriages. 

The  reverend  pastor  is  assisted  by  two  other  Fathers 
of  his  order,  the  Rev.  John  Hackspiel,  S.J.,  and  the  Rev. 
G.  Frederici,  S.J.  To  encourage  piety  in  their  flock,  they 
have  established  a  benevolent  society  for  men,  an  Altar 
Society,  and  three  sodalities — one  for  married  women, 
one    for   young   men,    and   one    for    yovmg   women. 

Fathers  of  the  Society  of  Jesus  cannot  be  indifferent 
to  the  cause  of  Catholic  education.  A  school  was  at 
once  organized  in  the  parish,  and,  till  a  suitable  building 
can  be  erected,  the  pupils,  now  numbering  one  hundi-ed 
and  sixty,  tlu-ough  the  kindness  of  the  Redemptorist 
Fathers,  attend  the  school  at  the  Orphan  Asylum  under 
their  charge,  in  Eighty-ninth  Street.  The  new  school- 
house   is   to   be   erected  in    1879. 

Besides  the  duties  connected  with  the  parish,  the 
Fathers  at  St.  Joseph's  attend  the  House  of  the  Good 
Shepherd,    Ninetieth   Street   and    East    River.      This   noble 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOSEPH.  457 

institution  was  established  in  1857,  at  191  East  Four- 
teenth Street,  by  the  Sisters  of  Charity  of  Our  Lady 
of  the  Good  Shepherd,  and  was  subsequently  removed  to 
its  present  location.  Its  object  is  the  reformation  of  pen- 
itent women,  who  desire  to  leave  a  life  of  sin.  For 
those  who,  entering  themselves,  wish,  with  God's  grace, 
to  remain  away  from  the  world  and  its  temptations,  there 
is  connected  with  the  Convent  of  the  Sisters  a  Magdalen 
House  of  Reformed  Penitents,  under  the  rule  of  the 
Third  Order  of  St.  Teresa.  This  extensive  establishment 
contains,  in  the  Convent  of  the  Good  Shepherd,  thirty- 
four  professed  choir  sisters,  and  sixty-two  others  belong- 
ing to  the  community ;  seventy-one  of  the  Order  of  St. 
Teresa,  governed  by  the  Sisters  of  the  Good  Shejjherd, 
and  thi'ee  hundred  and  fifty-eight  voluntary  penitents  and 
detentioners. 


458 

CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YOKK. 

,R.OLL 

OF 

Honor. 

CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOSEPH  (EAST  EIGHTV-SEVENTH  STREET). 

Ahans,  H. 

Hesse,  Joseph. 

Amend,  Barbara. 

Hertel,  Francis. 

Amend,  Eliza. 

Hillenbrand,  F. 

Baab,  George. 

Kert,  E. 

Baab,  Henry. 

Lanz,  Frederick  L. 

Baab,  Peter. 

Leininger,  Adam. 

Berman,  Jacob. 

Ludwig,  A. 

Bolender,  Charles. 

Meixel,  Ignatius. 

Clemens,  C. 

Realan<ler,  Anton. 

Deckelman,  \Villiam 

Rebman,  Josephine,  Mrs. 

Ebel,  Sebastian. 

Repp,  Charles. 

Eichorn,  Joseph. 

Ruppert,  J.,  Mrs. 

Ehret,  George. 

Schappert,  John. 

Elfring,  Bernard. 

Schmidt,  Charles. 

Fmike,  Francis. 

Sommcr,  Henry. 

Geiger,  F. 

Stein,  F. 

Gobel,  Gustav. 

Stoiber,  Jacol). 

Henning,  Mary  M., 

Mrs. 

Warrman,  Robert. 

Herbold,  Herman. 

Weiss,  Fridolin. 

Herold,  Julius. 

Wetzel,  Stephen. 

Wurtenberge 

',  Martin. 

CHURCH  or  ST.  JOSEPH.  459 


REV.    JOSEPH    DURTHALLER,    S.J., 

PASTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH  OF   ST.  JOSEPH  (GERMAN),   YORKVILLE. 


THE    pastor    of  St.    Joseph's    Cluircli  is  one  wlio  lias 
]al:)ored,    in    various    parts     of    the     State,    in    the 
ministry,    and    in    the    great   work    of  Clii'istian    education. 

He  was  born  on  the  28th  of  November,  181 D,  at 
Altkirch,  then  in  the  department  of  Haut  Rhin,  France, 
in  that  Alsace  which  Bourbons  won  and  Bonapartes  lost. 
Devoting  himself  to  the  service  of  God,  he  entered  a 
seminary,  and  was  ordained  at  Strasbourg  by  Mgr.  Roess, 
Bishop  of  that  city,  on  the  eve  of  Christmas  day,  in 
the  year  1843.  His  first  year  of  priesthood  was  spent 
as  one  of  the  teachers  in  an  admirable  academy,  the 
Institut  de  la  Toussaint,  established  at  Strasbourg  by  the 
Abbe  Bautain ;  but  as  he  felt  himself  called  to  a  relig- 
ioiis  life,  he  entered  the  Society  of  Jesus,  October  13th, 
1844.  He  was  soon  after  sent  to  the  American  Mission, 
arriving  in  New  York  in  May,  1849.  His  first  year 
was  spent  among  the  Iroquois  Indians,  at  Caughnawa- 
ga,  near  the  Sault  St.  Louis,  above  Montreal.  He  was 
then  successively  at  St.  Mary's  College,  IMontreal,  and  at 
Quebec. 


4G0  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

In  New  York  he  was  attached  to  the  College  of 
St.  Francis  Xavier,  and  held  the  responsible  position  of 
president  of  that  institution  from  1860  to  1863.  Dimng 
his  continuance  in  office,  finding  the  old  college  insuffi- 
cient for  the  wants  of  the  students,  he  projected  a  new 
and  finer  structure,  and  erected  the  large  eastern  portion 
of  the  new  college.  Having  been  afterwards  sent  to 
Buffalo,  to  take  charge  of  a  German  congregation,  he 
erected  St  Michael's,  one  of  the  most  splendid  churches 
in   that   city. 

His  labors  at  St.  Joseph's  appear  in  om*  sketch  of 
that   church,    and   need   not   be   repeated. 


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CHURCH  OF  SAINT  JOSEPH  (GERMAN). 

ONE  HUNDRED  AND  TWENTY-FIFTH  STREET  AND  NINTH  AVENUE, 
MANHATTAJJTVILLE. 


A 


BOUT  the  year  1859,  the  need  of  another  church 
was  felt  at  Manhattan\'ille,  and  a  priest  was  as- 
signed to  minister  to  the  German  CathoHcs   in  thnt  disti'ict. 

The  Ladies  of  the  Sacred  Heart  kindly  granted  the 
use  of  a  little  chajDel  on  their  extensive  and  beautiful 
grounds,  and  in  this  for  a  time  the  new  congregation, 
placing  itself  under  the  patronage  of  the  glorious  patri- 
arch St.  Joseph,  enjoyed  all  the  ministrations  of  their 
religion. 

When  the  little  society  felt  able  to  undertake  the 
work  of  erecting  a  chiu'ch,  foiu'  lots  of  ground  were 
pm'chased,  in  1860,  and  the  present  church  erected.  It 
was  dedicated  on  the  5th  day  of  September,  18G0,  by 
the  Very  Rev.  WilUam  Starrs,  Vicar  General  of  the 
diocese. 

St  Joseph's  is  a  handsome  brick  chiu'ch  with  a 
stone  basement ;  it  is  forty-five  feet  in  width  by  one 
hundred  in  depth,  and  is  elegantly  frescoed  by  Giovan- 
elli.  The  organ  is  a  fine  one,  made  by  Engelfried,  at  a 
cost   of  three   thousand   five   hundred    dollars. 


CIIUECH  OF  ST.  JOSEPH.  4G3 

With  its  o-allcries  the  church  will  seat  six  Imudi-ed, 
and    cost    originally    about    htteen    thousand   dollars. 

The  first  pastor  assigned  to  this  chiu-ch,  October 
21st,  18G0,  was  the  Rev.  F.  Karel,  who  continued  to 
officiate  here  till  June  20tli,  1864,  when  he  resigned; 
and,  after  some  pastoral  duty  in  the  Chui-ch  of  the  Im- 
maculate Conception,  Melrose,  is  now  chaplain  of  the 
Franciscan    Sisters    at    Peekskill. 

The  next  pastor  was  the  Rev.  Dr.  Gerber  of  the 
Order  of  St.  Francis,  who  was  recalled  by  his  superiors 
in  the  following  year.  The  Most  Reverend  Archbishop 
then  appointed  the  Rev.  Anthony  Kesseler,  who  is  still 
pastor   of   St.    Joseph's. 

Tlie  pastor  finding  the  chiu-ch  in  diflicult}'  went  to  ^vork 
energetically,  and,  by  the  strictest  economy  in  all  details, 
restored  the  credit  of  the  church  and  paid  off  a  con- 
siderable   amount    of  the    debt,    meeting    demands    in    full. 

Coeval  with  the  building  of  the  church,  a  school 
was  organized  and  lay  teachers  were  engaged  to  conduct 
it,  but  in  1869,  the  Ladies  of  the  Sacred  Heart  kindl}- 
undertook  to  teach  the  girls,  as  they  do  to  this  day.  The 
boys  remain  under  la}'  teachers.  The  pupils  number  in 
all   about   two    hundred    children. 

Sunday-schools  were  established,  both  for  Gei-man 
and  English   children. 

In  1871,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Kesseler  enlarged  the  church, 
at  a    cost  of  six    thousand  dollars    and  procm-ed  new    bells 


464 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


for  the  steeple;  and  tliree  years  after  he  erected  the 
handsome  and  commodious  pastoral  residence  near  the 
church. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Kesseler  is  assisted  by  the  Rev.  Ig- 
natius Delveaux.  There  are  masses  daily  in  the  church' 
and  on  Sundays  and  holidays  two  masses  at  seven 
and  eight;  a  high  mass  with  English  sermon  at  nine 
o'clock;  and  another  with  sermon  in  German  at  half 
past  ten. 


Roll  of  Honor. 

CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOSEPH, 
(WEST  ONE  HUNDRED  AND  TWENTY-FIFTH  STREET). 


Baldwin,  Mrs. 
Banks,  Mary. 
Becker,  John. 
Becker,  Philip. 
Borst,  Charles,  Mrs. 
Brendel,  John. 
Bried,  Gertrude. 
Daly,  Daniel. 
Daly,  Matthew. 
Daly,  Timothy. 
Daly,  Timothy,  jr. 
D'Esterhazy,  Paul  O. 
Doran,  Thomas. 
Doyle,  James. 
Dunican,  Patrick. 
Erving,  Edward,  Mrs. 
Faulhaber,  Philip. 
Ferdinand,  John. 
Fink,  Adam. 
Fischbach,  Charles. 


Geoghegan,  Stephen  J. 
Grinnon,  Daniel,  Mrs. 
Halpin,  Z.  J. 
Herring,  William,  Mrs. 
Hines,  Edward. 
Hopper,  Isaac. 
Klemm,  Elizabeth. 
Klemm,  Kate. 
Klemm,  Magdalena. 
Kennedy,  Michael. 
Kniffen,  William. 
Lerche,  Alprecht. 
Loughran,  Charles. 
MaidhofT,  Conrad. 
Mansfield,  Maria  L.,  Mrs. 
Martin,  John. 
Mar.\,  A.,  Mrs. 
Marz,  Frederick. 
Meyer,  Adam. 
Murphy,  John. 


Murray,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Noonan,  Michael. 
Ohmeis,  Peter  M. 
O'Neill,  Charles. 
Orthaus,  Joseph. 
O'Shea,  Patrick. 
Reid,  John. 
Schneider,  Theodore. 
Stewart,  Alexander  T. 
Sullivan,  Charles. 
Sullivan,  James. 
Sullivan,  John. 
Sweeny,  Ellen. 
Theis,  John. 
Tone,  Thomas. 
Wagner,  Frank. 
VVillard,  Mrs. 
Windolph,  Frances. 
Zchweitzer,  William. 
Zweifel,  Joseph. 


^^^^Xi^^5i^^.-<^i<^^2-^^r^ 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  JOSEPH.  465 


REV.   ANTHONY  KESSELER, 

PASTOR   OF   THE   CHURCH   OF   ST.  JOSEPH,   MANHATTANVILLE. 


THE    pastor   of  St.   Joseph's    Chm-ch   is   a   native    of 
the     Rhenish    Province,    in     Germany.       He    was 
born   in   the    year    1840. 

He  came  to  the  United  States  while  still  in  his 
boyhood,  in  the  year  1851,  and  entered  a  collegiate 
institute  directed  by  a  talented  convert,  Dr.  White.  From 
this  he  proceeded  to  St.  Peter's  College,  in  Cumberland, 
Maryland,    dhected   by  the    Redemptorist    Fathers. 

As  he  had  made  choice  of  the  ecclesiastical  state,  he 
entered  St.  Mary's  Seminary,  Baltimore,  the  oldest  theo- 
logical school  in  the  country,  directed  by  the  Society  of 
St.  Sulpice.  He  completed  his  divinity  course,  however, 
in  the  Seminary  of  om-  Lady  of  the  Angels,  at  Niagara 
Falls,  and  Avas  ordained  priest  in  old  St.  Patrick's  Cathe- 
dral, New  York,  on  the  22d  of  April,  1865,  by  the 
Most  Reverend  Archbishop,  at  present  his  Eminence 
Cardinal  McCloskey. 

He    was    at   once    assigned  to    duty  as  assistant   pastor 

of     St.     Nicholas'     Church,     where     he     remained     several 

months,    exercising   his    first   ministry   in   that   parish. 
30 


466       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

He  was  soon  called  to  another  position ;  tlie  Most 
Reverend  Archbisliop  selected  liim  to  undertake  the  diffi- 
cult task  of  extricating  St.  Joseph's  Chitrch  from  its 
embarrassments. 

He  was  accordingly  appointed  pastor  on  the  5th  of 
September,  1865.  He  has  been  singularly  successful  in 
relieving  the  chiu'ch  from  its  troubles,  restoring  general 
confidence,  rediicing  the  debt,  eidai'ging  the  sacred  edifice 
itself,    and    enhancing   the   usefulness    of  the    schools. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  JOSEPH,  fOi:i!MAN). 

WASHINGTON'  AVKNUK  XICAU  ONJ;  IIUNDUKD  AND  aKVUNTY-SIXTII  STRBKT. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  JOSEPH. 

WASHINGTON  AVENUE,  NEAR  ONE  IIUNDKED   AND  SEVENTY-SIXTH 
STEEET,  TREMONT. 


TREMONT,  formerly  in  Westchester  County,  but  in 
the  portion  recently  added  to  the  Cit}'  of  New 
York,  has  a  church  dedicated  to  the  great  St.  Joseph. 
It  is  another  proof  of  the  widespread  devotion  among 
the  Catholics  of  the  city  to  that  saint,  one  of  whose 
ardent  clients,  the  great  St.  Teresa,  declared  that  she 
never   sought   any    favor   thi-ough   his   intercession    in    vain. 

The  chiurch  in  Tremont  is  due  to  the  zeal  and  ac- 
tivity of  a  priest  known  by  other  labors  in  the  city — 
the  Rev.  Joseph  Stumpe.  Finding  that  the  locality  was 
without  a  church,  that  the  faithful  ought,  if  their  piety 
was  not  of  the  most  tepid  kind,  to  be  able  to  erect  a 
suitable    chm-ch,    he    gave    himself    to   the    vmdertaking. 

The  confidence  in  the  Catholic  body  there  was  not 
misplaced.  The  proposal  to  erect  a  chiurch  was  re- 
sponded to;  a  site  was  sought  and  soon  found,  at  ^vhat 
was  deemed  a  reasonable  price,  and  plans  obtained  for  a 
church    of    solid   and    enduring    character. 

The    corner-stone  was   laid   in    the    month    of   October, 


CHURCH  OP  ST.  JOSEPH.  469 

1873,  and  the  church  work  was  puslied  vigorously  dur- 
ing the  winter,  so  that  the  new  edifice  was  dedicated  on 
the  Sunday  after  the  ensuing  feast  of  the  Holy  Patri- 
arch, March  22,  1874.  The  Very  Rev.  William  Quinn, 
V.G.,  officiated  on  the  consoling  occasion,  assisted  by 
the  pastor,  Rev.  Joseph  Stumpe,  and  a  number  of  clergy- 
men assembled  to  join  in  the  joy  of  the  congregation. 
A  Solemn  High  Mass  was  then  offered  by  the  Rev.  R. 
Kleineidam,  C.SS.R.,  assisted  by  Fathers  Jungbauer  and 
Daiermayer,  as  deacon  and  subdeacon.  The  sermon  was 
preached  by  the  Rev.  Joseph  M.  Sorg,  pastor  of  the 
Church  of  St.  Louis  in  Bufialo ;  and  after  the  post-com- 
munion the  Very  Reverend  Vicar  Greneral  congratulated 
the  German  Catholics  of  Tremont  on  then-  fidelity  to  the 
faith  amid  the  persecutions  and  false  ideas  of  the  nine- 
teenth centmy,  and  on  the  zeal  of  which  their  church 
was   so   noble   a   monument. 

The  Chm-ch  of  St.  Joseph  is  a  fine  structm-e,  in  the 
modern  Gothic  style,  forty  feet  in  width  by  a  hundred 
and  twenty-five  in  depth,  with  windows  of  stained  glass, 
the  decorations  and  the  general  apjjointments  of  the  in- 
terior being  carried  out  in  the  utmost  elegance  and 
taste. 

This  Chm-ch  of  St.  Joseph  cost  about  fifty  thousand 
dollars.  The  interior  is  handsomely  finished,  in  a  neat 
and  effective  manner.  There  is  a  high  altar,  with  two 
side    altars    and   a   spacious    sanctuaiy. 


470  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  basement  of  tlie  chm-cli,  which,  being  on  a  level 
with  the  street,  is  high  and  airy,  is  at  present  used 
as   a   school. 

The  reverend  founder  of  the  church  was  succeeded, 
in  1874,  by  the  Rev.  J.  Sorg,  who  was  appointed  by 
the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  as  resident  pastor.  In  the 
early  pai-t  of  the  year  1877,  the  present  pastor.  Rev. 
Nicholas.  Tonner,    succeeded   to   the   charge. 

Connected  with  the  church  are  the  Society  of  St. 
Joseph,  a  charitable  organization,  and  the  Altar  Society 
of  the   Immaculate    Conception. 

The  Sunday-school  is  carefully  directed,  and  has 
about   a   hundred    and   fifty   pupils. 

The  congregation  is  not  at  present  very  large,  but 
it  is  one  that  must  increase,  and  fill  the  beautiful  chm-ch 
edifice   they   possess. 


i'Mi^-a-i'^d 


■o-'j^-n-e 


CUURCH  OF  ST.  JOSEPH.  471 


REV.    NICnOLAS    J.    S.    TONNER, 

PASTOR    OF    ST.    JOSEPH'S    CHURCH,    TREMONT. 


THE  pastor  of  the  chm-cli  at  Tremont  is  a  young 
and  capable  priest,  the  second  one  of  the  fam- 
i^y  engaged  in  the  ministry  in  the  Diocese  of  New 
York — his  cousin  being  parish  priest  at  the  Chm-ch  of 
St.    Mary    Magdalen. 

The  Rev.  Nicholas  J.  S.  Tonner  was  born  April  4, 
1850,  at  Stewardstown,  Allegheny  County,  Pennsylvania. 
His  early  education  was  received  at  the  parochial  school 
in  the  neighboring  town  of  Sharpsburg,  and  he  is  thus 
a  proof  of  the  fruits  of  our  parochial  system  of  educa- 
tion. To  complete  his  studies  he  entered  the  Colle"-e  of 
St.  Vincent,  Westmoreland  County,  under  the  direction 
of  the  learned  Order  of  St.  Benedict;  and,  being  called 
to  the  ecclesiastical  state,  went  tlu-ough  his  philosophy 
and  divinity  studies  in  the  theological  school  of  that 
abbey,    where   he    was    graduated,    in    June,    1876. 

He  came  to  New  York  for  ordination,  and  was  the 
first  on  whom  Archbishop  McCloskey  conferred  any  holy 
orders  after  he  had  been  created  a  Cardinal.  The  Rev. 
Ml-.    Tonner    received    minor   orders    at    liis    hands    in    St. 


472  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Patrick's  Cathedral,  August  20,  1876  ;  and  was  ordained 
priest  by  Bishojj  Loiighlin  in  his  cathedi'al,  Brooklyn, 
on    the    24th    of  the    same    month. 

He  made  his  fii'st  exercise  of  the  ministry  in  the 
parish  of  St.  Mary  Magdalen,  where  he  was  a  curate, 
till  his  Eminence  Cardinal  McCloskey,  in  February, 
1877,  confided  to  him  the  jiastoral  care  of  the  flock 
gathered  at  Tremont,  under  the  fostering  protection  of 
St.   Joseph. 


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CHURCH    OF    SAINT    LAWRENCE    OTOOLE. 

EIGHTY-FOURTH  STREET,  NEAR  FOURTH  AVENUE,  YORKVILLE. 


IN  the  year  1851,  when  Mount  St.  Vincent  and  the 
Convent  of  the  Sacred  Heart  stood  grandly  out  in 
the  northern  part  of  the  island  like  two  bulwarks  of 
Catholicity,  the  number  of  the  faithful  began  to  increase 
so  that  new  churches  were  demanded — new  centers  to  which 
the  people  might  more  readily  tm-n — monuments,  as  it 
were,  ever  before  their  eyes,  to  remind  them  of  what 
they  were  by  baptism,  and  what  they  should  be  in 
deed   and   in   practice. 

The  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  Hughes  assigned  to 
the  Rev.  E.  J.  O'Reilly  all  the  disti-ict  on  the  eastern  jjart 
of  the  city,  between  St.  Paul's,  at  Harlem,  and  the  Chm-ch 
of  St.  John  the  Evangelist.  The  new  pastor  entered  his 
parish  with  courage  and  hope,  and,  taking  liis  stand  about 
the  center,  looked  around  for  a  spot  where  the  cross 
of  Catholicity  might  glitter  amid  the  clouds  on  the  spire 
of  a  consecrated  temple.  He  found  a  site  adapted  to 
his  purpose  on  Eighty-fom-th  Street,  between  Fourth  and 
Fifth     Avenues.       It     was    soon   purchased,    and    the    little 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  LAWRENCE  O'TOOLE.  475 

congregation    which     he    had    provisionally  gathered    in   a 
temporary   chapel   prepared  to   lay   the   corner-stone. 

On     the     20th    of    October,     1851,    the     gronnd    was 
cleared,    the    foundation    of    a    new    church    laid,    a    cross 
planted    where    the    altar   was   to    stand,    and    all    was    in 
readiness   for   the   ceremony.       The   Most    Reverend   Arch- 
bishop   came    in    person   to    give    dignity   to    the    service. 
Catholics    full    of    pious    pride,    others    led     by    ctu^osity, 
came   in   a   vast   crowd  to   witness   the   sacred   rite   of   the 
Catholic    Church.       After    the    usual    ceremony   and    bless- 
ing of  the   stone,   the  Archbishop   spoke    of  the    solemnity 
of    the    prayers,    music,    and    ceremonies    of   the    Catholic 
Chiu-ch.      But,    sublime    as    these    were,   he    reminded    his 
hearers  that   it  was   for   another   and   higher    pm-pose    that 
churches   are    built.       They   are    built   on    accomit   of    the 
altar    that    consecrates    and    gives    them    sanctity.       They 
are    built   for    that   which   is    the    essence    and    center    of 
all   divine   worship — the   offering   of  sacrifice. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  O'Reilly  continued  in  the  parish  until 
the  following  year,  struggling  to  erect  the  chiu-ch  which 
was  to  be  named  in  honor  of  the  great  St.  Lawi-ence 
O'Toole.  He  was  succeeded  in  his  laborious  undertaking 
by  the  Rev.  Walter  J.  Quarter,  a  native  of  KiUurine, 
Kings  County,  Ireland,  a  priest  of  experience,  who  had 
been  Vicar  General  and  Administrator  of  the  Diocese  of 
Chicago.  Under  Ms  care  the  new  brick  church  was  rap- 
idly completed,   and  in   the  eariy  summer  of  1854   it   was 


476  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

ready  for  the  solemn  rite  which  was  to  hallow  the  altar 
for  the  offering  of  the  sacrifice.  The  solemn  ceremony  of 
dedication  took  place  on  the  11th  of  June  in  that  year. 
The  church  was  crowded  with  worshipers.  It  was  esti- 
mated that  there  were  eight  hundi-ed  in  the  pews  and 
tliree  hundred  in  the  galleiies,  showing  that  the  new 
chapel    would   not   lack   a   congregation. 

The  ceremony  of  dedication  was  performed  by  the 
Very  Rev.  William  Starrs,  then  Vicar  General  of  the 
diocese.  The  holy  prayer  was  said,  and,  with  smoke  of 
incense  and  aspersion  of  holy  water,  the  chm*ch  was 
blessed  under  the  invocation  of  St.  Lawrence  O'Toole, 
the  latest  of  the  servants  of  God  who  have  adorned  the 
Irish  chm'ch,  in  whose  case  the  process  of  canonization 
was  completed  before  England  had  made  the  faith  of  the 
saints  the  object  of  its  persecution.  Tliis  great  saint,  the 
son  of  a  i^rince,  was  born  near  Dublin,  and  was  in  boy- 
hood a  hostage  in  the  hands  of  Dermot  McMurrogh,  by 
whom  he  was  cruelly  treated.  When  restored  to  his 
father,  he  showed  a  longing  to  renounce  the  world,  and 
entered  the  Abbey  of  Glendalough,  of  which  he  became 
abbot  at  the  age  of  twenty-five,  so  impressed  were  the 
monks  with  his  virtues  and  ability.  Five  years  afterwards 
he  was  chosen  Bishop  of  Dublin.  Here  his  sanctity  was 
conspicuous.  He  beheld  liis  episcopal  .  city  ravaged  by 
Strongbow,  and  the  English  attempt  to  overtlu-ow  tlie 
national  existence  of  his  country.     He  himself  was   nearly 


CnUKCH  OF  ST.  LAWRENCE  O'TOOLE.  477 

killed  in  England.  He  attended  the  Third  Council  of  the 
Lateran  and  was  made  Legate  of  the  Pope  in  Ireland, 
Having  gone  to  Normandy  to  prevent  Henry  II.  from 
making  war  upon  Roderie,  the  last  of  the  Irish  kings, 
he   died  at   the   monastery   of  Eu,    November    14th,    1180. 

A  miracle  was  wi-ought  by  a  relic  of  this  saint,  on 
the  coast  of  Maine,  in  1613,  so  that  devotion  to  him 
ma}-    be   said   to   have   preceded   all   om-   churches. 

When  the  chm-ch  bearing  his  name  was  at  last 
dedicated,  the  Very  Rev.  Mr.  Starrs  offered  up  a  Sol- 
emn High  Mass,  with  the  Rev.  Isidore  Daubresse,  S.J., 
as  deacon,  and  the  Rev.  Mr.  Brady  as  subdeacon.  Be- 
sides these  there  were  present  the  Rev.  Walter  Qiiarter, 
the  pastor,  the  Rev.  James  McMahon,  of  the  Church  of 
St.   John    the    Evangelist,    and    several    seminarians. 

After  the  gospel,  the  Most  Reverend  Ai-chbishop 
Hughes  preached,  taking  as  his  text  Apoc.  xxi.  1-3 : 
"And  I  saw  a  new  heaven  and  a  new  earth.  For  the 
first  heaven  and  the  first  earth  was  gone  and  the  sea  is 
now  no  more.  And  I  John  saw  the  holy  city,  the  new 
Jerusalem,  coming  down  out  of  heaven,  from  God,  pre- 
pared as  a  bride  adorned  for  her  husband.  And  I  heard 
a  great  voice  from  the  throne  saying :  Behold  the  tab- 
ernacle of  God  with  men,  and  he  will  dwell  with  them, 
and  they  shall  be  his  people ;  and  God  himself  Tvath 
them    shall    be    their    God." 

The     reverend    pastor    almost     immediately    instituted 


478  CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

parocliial  and  Sunday  schools,  placing  the  gu-ls  under 
the    care    of    the    Sisters    of  Charity. 

He  remained  in  charge  of  the  parish  till  his  death, 
in  the  month  of  December,  18G3.  The  Rev.  Samuel 
MuUedy,  who  had  for  a  short  time  been  assistant,  became 
pastor.  He  was  assisted  by  the  Rev.  J.  Coyle  and  the 
Rev.  J.  Hassou ;  but  in  1866,  the  Most  Reverend  Arch- 
bishop McCloskey  requested  the  Fathers  of  the  Society 
of  Jesus  to  assume  the  care  of  the  parish.  The  Rev. 
Fathers  Marechal,  John  j\IcQuaid,  Hector  Glackmeyer, 
William  Moylan,  William  Gockeln,  Joseph  Shea,  Florentin 
Achard,  and  the  present  incumbent,  the  Rev.  Jolui  A. 
Treanor,  have  since  that  time  been  pastors,  assisted  by 
several  Fathers  of   then*  Society. 

The  schools  have  increased.  Besides  the  parish  schools, 
taught  by  the  Sisters  of  Charity  and  lay  teachers,  with 
tlu-ee  hundi'ed  and  nineteen  boys  and  four  hundi-ed  and 
thirty-nine  girls,  there  is  a  tine  select  school,  St.  Law- 
rence's Academy,  conducted  by  the  same  Sisters,  aftbrd- 
ing  a  higher  and  '  more  cultivated  com'se.  This  institu- 
tion has  eighty-seven  pupils.  There  is  also  a  classical 
academy    for   boys,    under    a   lay    teacher. 


CHUKCU  OF  ST.  LAWRENCE  OTOOLE.  479 


EEV.    FATHER    JOHN    A.    TREANOR,   S.J., 

PASTOK  OF  THE  C'HUKCH  OF  ST.  LAWKENCK  O'TOOLE. 


THE  career  of  a  secular  priest,  and  of"  one  who, 
as  a  member  of  a  religious  order,  belongs  to  the 
regular  clergy,  differ.  The  former  is  a2:)pointed  to  a 
parish,  and  where  the  canon  law  is  established,  it  becomes 
his  field  of  labor  for  life.  He  regards  it  as  a  sphere  in 
which  his  talents,  his  ability,  his  zeal,  are  to  be  devoted 
for  the  good  of  his  flock ;  and  a  separation  as  possible 
only  by  his  own  will,  or  by  a  failure  to  meet  the 
requirements  of  the  high  responsibihties  imposed  upon  him. 

It  is  not  so  with  a  regular  priest  —  that  is,  a  priest 
bound  by  a  rule.  Each  order  has  its  own  special  object, 
to  which  its  members  are  devoted,  and  parochial  duty 
comes  onl)'  incidentally.  As  priests,  they  have  every 
requisite,  and  are  often  indeed  called  upon  by  the  Right 
Reverend  Bishops  to  assume  the  position  of  pastors  of 
churches,  for  which  severe  study,  great  experience  in  the 
direction  of  souls,  and  austerity  of  life  fit  them ;  but  it 
is  not  usual  for  a  regular  priest  to  remain  attached  to  a 
parish  for  a  long  series  of  years,  and  see  a  generation 
grow    up    under   his    care. 

The     Chm-ch     of     St     Lawi-ence     is    now     under     the 


480  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Ijastoral  care  of  the  Rev.  Father  John  A.  Treanor  of  the 
Society  of  Jesus.  This  clergyman  was  born  in  New  York, 
on  the  5th  of  December,  1838,  and  was  the  first  student 
who  entered  the  College  of  St.  Francis  Xavier,  in  Fif- 
teenth Street,  and  the  fii*st  boy  who  served  mass  in  the 
church.  After  his  studies  here  he  renounced  the  world 
and  its  allm-ements  to  enter  the  Society  of  Jesus,  on  the 
31st  day  of  August,   1855. 

After  liis  novitiate  he  was  employed  in  teaclaing  at 
St.  John's  College,  and  then  pm-sued  the  jjhilosophical 
and  theological  course  as  a  preparation  for  the  holy  order 
of  priesthood.  He  was  ordained  on  the  29th  of  June  in 
the  year  1872,  and  was  in  that  and  the  following  year 
at   Frederick,    Maryland. 

In  1873,  lie  was  appointed  by  the  Superior  of  the 
Mission  in  New  York  and  Canada,  under  whose  authority 
he  is,  to  the  responsible  position  of  vice-president  of 
St.  John's  College,  Fordham,  and  then  transferred  to  the 
same  position  in  the  College  of  St.  Francis  Xavier,  Fif- 
teenth Street,  New  York,  where  he  remained  for  two  years. 

Thence  he  was  sent  as  vice-president  to  St.  John's 
College,  Fordham,  and  at  the  end  of  the  year  was  ap- 
pointed  pastor    of   the    Chm-ch   of  St.    Lawrence. 

Like  many  of  the  Fathers  in  the  establishments  of 
his  order,  his  duty  has  not  been  merely  parochial.  He 
has  frequently  given  retreats  in  various  rehgious  commu- 
nities   to    the   members,    and   to    those   under   their    charge; 


CIIUKCH  OF  ST.  LAWRENCE  O'TOOLE. 


481 


and  lie  has  given  missions  in  cliiu'ches  in  various  parts, 
impressing  all  with  his  earnestness,  his  zeal,  and  his 
desire  to  win  souls  to  virtue,  and  to  warn  them  against 
the  snares  and  devices  that  are  laid  for  the  ruiu  of  the 
innocent. 


Roll  of  Honor 


]!anett,  Michael, 
liarth,  Adelaide. 
Higley,  Peter. 
I!iady,  Jolin. 
Bienan,  Daniel. 
Brown,  James  F. 
Bryan,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Bullman,  John. 
Buscall,  Charles  F. 
Byrne,  Denis  J. 
Carr,  John. 
Casey,  James. 
Connery,  Thomas  B. 
Connors,  William. 
Corbett,  Peter. 
Corson,  Thomas. 
Creeden,  John. 
Curry,  Edmond  J. 
Crowley,  James. 
Cruise,  William. 
Dennis,  James  L. 
Donohue,  Patrick. 
Donohue,  Thomas. 
Donovan,  John  J. 
Doran,  John. 
Douglas,  John  A.,  Mrs. 
Dowling,  John  C. 
Duffy,  Ann  E. 
Duffy,  James. 
Dwyer,  Mary  Ann,  Mrs. 
Erhet,  George,  Mrs. 
Falvey,  John. 
Falvey,  Thomas. 
Fanning,  Patrick. 
Farley,  John. 
Farrell,  John. 
Farrish,  James  A. 
Finn,  Patrick. 
Filzpatrick,  Jeremiah. 
Foley,  M.  W. 
Ford,  Dennis. 
Gallagher,  James  W. 
Gallagher,  Thomas. 

31 


Gannon,  James. 
Gaynor,  John. 
Gearty,  Thomas. 
Geritzen,  Herman. 
Godfrey,  John. 
Gonoude,  James. 
Gorman,  John. 
Graham,  Michael. 
Greaney,  William. 
Griffin,  Dennis  W. 
Hughes,  Thomas. 
Johnson,  William  E. 
Jones,  Charles. 
Keleher,  Patrick. 
Kiernan,  Terence. 
Larney,  Catharine,  Mrs. 
Long,  I'atrick. 
Loonam,  Charles. 
Lynch,  James. 
Lynch,  Mary  Teresa. 
Lynch,  Patrick. 
McCabe,  Thomas. 
McCarrin,  Maria  F. 
McCarthy,  John  D. 
McCarthy,  William  H. 
McConnellogue,  Hugli  K. 
McCormick,  P. 
McDonald,  P.atrick. 
McDonald,  William  E. 
McDonnell,  J. 
McGinness,  Peter. 
McGinnis,  Hugh. 
McGrath,  Michael. 
McGuire,  Thomas. 
McLaughHn,  John. 
McManus,  William. 
McManus,  William  F. 
McManus,  William  J. 
McPhillips,  William. 
Mc^uade,  Anna. 
McQuade,  John  J. 
Martin,  Michael. 
Meaney,  Patrick  H. 
Morris,  James. 


Mullan,  John. 
Mulligan,  Nicholas. 
Murphy,  Owen. 
Murjihy,  Patrick. 
Nast,  Albert  A.,  Mrs. 
Newman,  William  H. 
O'Connor,  Edward  J. 
O'Donnell,  Bernard. 
O'Neill,  John. 
O'SuUivan,  Jeremiah  M. 
Pertcl,  Edward. 
Pettit,  Bernard. 
Phel.an,  John. 
Power,  William  F.,  Mrs. 
Reed,  Charles  C. 
Regan,  Timothy. 
Reilly,  Arthur. 
Reilly,  P.  W. 
Reynolds,  Patrick. 
Riley,   L. 
Ritter,  Anton. 
Roach,  Richard. 
Roby,  Catharine  E.,  Mrs. 
Russell,  William. 
Ryan,  Michael. 
Ryan,  Thomas. 
Scallon,  James  J. 
Sheehan,  Michael. 
Sheehy,  Patrick. 
Shields,  Daniel. 
Slattery,  Patrick. 
Spillane,  Maurice. 
Sullivan,  John. 
Sullivan,  William  W. 
Tully,  John  T. 
Twomey,  John  F. 
Wall,  Patrick  J. 
Wallace,  David. 
Walsh,  Augustine. 
Warren,  Peter. 
Wilson,  .Susan,  Mrs. 
Woods,  Bernard. 
Wynne,  John. 


0  H  U  K  0  H     OF     SAINT     MARY. 

GRAND    STREET. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  MARY. 

G  K  A  N  D      STREET. 


FROM  the  first  gathering  of  the  faithful,  after  the 
Revolution  had  given  Catholics  nearly  equal  rights 
with  their  fellow-citizens,  there  had  been  a  steady  increase 
in  the  body.  St.  Peter's  was  long  the  parish  church,  not 
only  for  the  island,  but  for  Brooklyn  and  New  Jersey. 
Then  came  St.  Patrick's  Cathedral,  more  centrally  situated, 
and  affording  advantages  to  many  in  what  was  the  new 
and  growing  part  of  New  York.  The  Rutgers  and  De- 
lancey  farms,  east  of  the  Bowery,  were  built  up  during 
the  first  quarter  of  the  present  century,  and  among  those 
who  here  secured  homes  for  themselves  were  many  Catho- 
lics, who  at  last  felt  that  they  were  able  to  erect 
church  and  maintain  a  pastor.  They  were  emboldened  to 
this  by  the  fact  that,  the  two  cluu-ches  were  already 
filled    to    overflowing    at   the    masses    of    obligation. 

The  venerable  Bishop  Connolly  had  recently  closed 
his  pious  career,  and  the  diocese  Avas  administered  by 
the  Very  Rev.  John  Power.  With  his  permission  and 
approval,  a  new  district  and  congregation  were  organized, 
and  some  of  the  leading  members  looked  for  a  suitable 
j)lace     for    their    intended     church.     Strange     rumors    of  a 


a 


484  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

kind  of  scliism  among  the  Catholics  spread.  It  was 
scarcely  believed  that  they  needed  a  new  chm'cli.  It  was 
a  period  of  great  commercial  embarrassment  and  distress, 
and  some  of  the  Protestant  churches  felt  the  influence. 
The  Seventh  Presbyterian  congregation,  under  the  Rev. 
E.  W.  Baldwin,  found  it  necessary  to  sell  their  church 
in  Sheriff  Street.  This  seemed  to  the  new  Catholic  con- 
gregation well  adaj)ted  to  their  pm-poses,  and  it  was 
accordingly  pm-chased,  in  April,  1826,  for  seven  thousand 
tlu-ee  hundred  dollars.  It  was  a  small  frame  edifice,  forty- 
five  feet  in  front  and  sixty  in  depth,  with  a  brick  front, 
and  a  neat  steeple  in  which  hung  a  very  large  bell.  It 
was  the  first  Catholic  bell  in  New  York ;  for,  apparently 
from  the  force  of  habit,  chapels  in  Ireland  being  at  the 
time  prohibited  from  using  bells,  and  Catholics  having 
become  accustomed  to  do  without  them,  none  were  at- 
tached  to    St.   Peter's    or    St.  Patrick's. 

The  Very  Reverend  Administrator  assigned  to  the 
church  the  Rev.  Mr.  McGilligan,  who  said  mass  in  the 
new  building  from  the  fii'st  of  May,  when  possession 
was    obtained    till   its   formal    opening. 

On  Sunday,  the  14th  day  of  May,  1826,  the  church 
was  formally  opened  by  the  Rev.  Hatton  Walsh  of  the 
Order  of  St.  Augustine,  who  delivered  a  sermon  on  the 
occasion,  which  was  printed  for  the  benefit  of  the  chmxh, 
in    a   pamphlet    of  twenty   pages. 

"  It   is    a   fact   well    known  to    many    who    now    listen 


CIIUECn  OF  ST.  MARY.  485 

to  me,"  said  the  sacred  orator,  "  that  at  no  far  distant 
period  a  single  chui'ch  was  amply  sufficient  to  contain 
the  Catholics  of  this  vast  commercial  city ;  and  when  it 
was  deemed  expedient  to  erect  a  sumptuous  cathedi-al  in 
honor  of  the  Most  High,  it  was  more  than  the  warmest 
friend  of  Catholicity  could  then  expect,  that  its  spacious 
aisles  should  be  filled  with  the  followers  of  the  ancient 
faith.  But  so  diligently  has  the  vineyard  of  the  Lord 
been  cultivated,  and  so  fruitfuU}-  has  it  flourished,  that 
in  order  to  afford  an  opportunit)^  to  every  one  of  assist- 
ing at  the  sacred  mysteries  of  our  religion,  it  has  been 
considered  necessary  to  procure  for  their  accommodation 
this  additional  temple,  in  which  I  have  the  happiness  to 
address  you  on  this  day.  And  here,  my  bretlu-en,  it 
may  not  be  superfluous  to  observe  that  the  reports 
wliich  were  industriously  circulated  concerning  the  inde- 
pendence of  this  church  were  ungenerous  and  unfounded; 
and,  originating  as  the}'  did  in  contemptible  malice  or 
consummate  ignorance,  must  long  since  have  been  dis- 
carded from  the  breast  of  every  upright  Catholic.  But 
lest  there  should  remain  the  slightest  uncertainty  in  the 
minds  of  our  dissenting  brethren  —  lest  we  should  seem 
to  depart  from  that  unity  which  is  the  distinctive  char- 
acter of  the  fold  of  Jesus  Chiist — I  take  this  public  and 
solemn  opportunity  of  declaring  that  nothing  has  been 
attempted  in  this  afftiir  without  the  warm  sanction  and 
support   of    the   respected   Vicai"   General   of    this    diocese." 


486  CATHOLIC  CUURCUES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  name  assumed  by  tlie  new  cluirch  was  St. 
Mary's,  but  it  was  not  formally  blessed.  When,  however, 
New  York  was  gladdened  towards  the  close  of  that 
year  by  the  arrival  of  a  bishojj,  the  Rt.  Rev.  Dr.  Du 
Bois,  that  prelate  j^roceeded,  on  the  great  feast  of  the 
Annunciation,  March  25th,  1827,  to  dedicate  the  church 
to  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  Mother  of  God.  It  was  the 
first  .  church  in  the  city  dedicated  by  a  bishop  of  tlie 
see.  The  concoiu'se  was  very  large;  the  ceremony, 
wliich  had  not  been  seen  on  the  island  for  many  years, 
attracted  great  attention,  and  the  clergy,  in  what  for 
the  times  were  imposing  numbers,  gave  dignity  to  the 
rite. 

The  congregation  was  not  very  large  or  wealthy, 
but  they  were  prospering,  and  the  church  with  them. 
The  lii'st  trustees  were  Messrs.  Garret  Byrne,  Patrick 
Sullivan,  Andi'ew  Fallon,  Lackey  Reynolds,  Charles  Coles, 
Francis  ITanratty,  Peter  Smith,  Edward  Flanagan,  and 
John   Kent. 

The  Rev.  Hatton  Walsh,  the  first  priest  of  St.  Mary's, 
remained  the  pastor  about  tln-ee  years,  assisted  by  the 
Rev.  Timothy  McGuire.  He  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev. 
Luke  Beny,  in  whose  time  a  school  was  opened  in  the 
basement  of  St.  Mary's,  which,  in  time,  gave  priests  and 
a   bishop  to    the    chmxh. 

The  first  St.  Mary's  was  not,  however,  long  enjoyed 
by    the     Catholics.      On     the     9tli    of    November,    1831,    a 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY.  487 

burglar  entered  the  sacred  edifice,  and,  either  influenced 
by  hatred  or  incensed  at  his  faihire  to  find  what  he 
expected,  he  set  fire  to  the  buikling-.  Before  anytliing- 
coukl  be  done  to  check  the  flames,  or  the  rec(jrds, 
sacred  vessels,  and  vestments  could  be  saved,  St.  j\Iary's 
was  a  mass  of  fii'e,  and  nothing  was  rescued  from  the 
ruins    except   an    iron    safe,    still    in    use. 

This  misfortune,  with  some  previous  troubles,  broke 
the  heart  of  the  pastor,  who  died  on  the  7th  of  De- 
cember. 

The  Rev.  Timothy  IMcGuire,  on  whom  the  chief 
burden  now  fell,  at  once  secured  a  lease  of  a  small 
wooden  building  on  Grand  Street,  between  Pitt  and 
Willett,  which  had  been  erected  in  1824  by  the  Epis- 
copalians, as  the  Chm'ch  of  All  Saints.  This  was  in'e- 
pared  for  divine  service,  and  was  the  second  St.  ]\Iary's, 
until  the  new  chiu-ch  was  so  far  advanced  as  to  afford 
accommodation    to    the   congregation. 

The  trustees,  after  the  destruction  of  the  old  chm-ch, 
decided,  with  the  advice  of  the  Right  Reverend  Bishop 
Du  Bois,  not  to  rebuild  on  that  site,  but  to  dispose  of 
it  and  purchase  a  more  eligible  spot.  Tlu'ee  lots  of 
ground,  with  a  front  of  seventy-three  feet  nine  inches 
on  Grand  Street,  and  ranning  back  a  hundred  feet  on 
Ridge  Street,  were  bought  from  Stephen  Allen  for  nine 
thousand  dollars,  on  the  25th  of  November,  1831,  and 
on    this     the    new    chiu-ch    was    begun    in    the    following 


488  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

January,    altliougli    the    congregation    was    almost    without 
resources. 

A  lot  adjoining  on  Ridge  Street  was  acquired  by 
Bisho])  Du  Bois  for  a  parochial  residence,  and  by  him 
conveyed    to    St.    Mary's. 

The  comer-stone  was  laid  on  Monday,  April  30, 
1832,  b}'  the  Right  Reverend  Dr.  Du  Bois,  with  a  num- 
ber of  clergymen.  The  building  was  jjrosecuted  with 
spirit,  and  though  the  city  was  visited  during  the  sum- 
mer by  that  terrible  scourge,  the  cholera,  which  then  for 
the  first  time  dealt  death  throughout  the  city,  St.  Mary's 
continued  to  rise.  The  ravages  of  the  cholera  in  St. 
Mary's  parish  were  terrible,  and  the  devoted  pastor  was 
um-emitting  in  his  attendance  to  enable  all  to  make  their 
peace  with  God  tln-ough  the  sacraments,  dimng  the  short 
period  the  disease  left  the  unhappy  victims  for  pi'ejDara- 
tion.  How  severe  was  the  duty  of  the  priest  in  those 
days  may  be  imagined,  when  the  writer  can  state  that 
from  one  house  in  that  parish  he  saw  five  coffins 
carried  out  in  a  single  morning-.  On  the  28th  of  De- 
cember,  mass  was  offered  for  the  first  time  in  a  tempo- 
rary chapel  in  the  basement  of  the  new  church.  The 
structiu-e  which  they  had  hired,  with  its  unexpired  lease 
of    about   tlu-ee    years,    was    then    sold   at   auction. 

.  Proposals  were  then  issued  for  completing  the  church, 
and,  as  the  congregation  were  anxioixs  to  enjoy  to  the  full 
the   benefit    of    a   suitable    j^lace,    it   was    soon     completed. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY.  489 

The  solemn  dedication  took  place  June  Otli,  1833,  tlie  Rt. 
Rev.  Bishop  Du  Bois  officiating  on  the  occasion.  Alter  the 
ceremony  of  the  dedication,  which  was  performed  most  im- 
pressively, and  Avas  witnessed  by  a  densely  crowded  clnn'ch, 
including-  many  Protestants  of  distinction,  the  Right  Rev- 
erend Bishop  celebrated  a  Pontifical  High  Mass.  The  music 
was  fine,  being  Haydn's  First  Mass,  rendered  extremely 
well  by  the  organist  and  choir.  The  dedication  sermon 
was  preached  by  the  Very  Rev.  John  Power,  V.Gr.,  and 
is  recorded  as  being  one  of  the  "most  lucid  and  instruc- 
tive of  his  discourses,  replete  with  every  argument  which 
profound    reading    and   theological  research    could    supply.'' 

At  the  conclusion  of  the  mass,  the  Right  Reverend 
Bishop  congratulated  the  congregation  on  what  had  been 
accomplished,  and  announced  that  lie  had  committed  the 
pastoral  charge  of  St.  Mary's  Clnu'ch  to  the  Rev.  William 
Quarter,    a   young   and    energetic  priest. 

The  new  pastor  went  zealously  to  work,  assisted  by 
Rev.  ]\Ir.  McGruire,  who  still  remained.  The  parish  num- 
bered already  many  tluiving  and  prosperous  business  men, 
increasing  in  wealth  as  contractors  or  dealers ;  nearly  all 
of  solid  and  unpretentious  character,  whose  liberality  was 
soon  evinced  in  the  contributions  for  charity  and  religion. 
The  first  appeal  for  the  orphans  had  been  made  in  the 
old  church  I))'  the  Rev.  Mr.  Walsh,  and  for  years,  in  the 
annual  collections  for  the  Asylum,  St.  i\[ary's  stood  at 
the   head  of  the    list,   or   very   near   it. 


490       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  sacrament  of  confirmation  was  conferred  for  the 
first  time  in  the  parish,  on  the  Wliitsunday  after  the 
dedication,    b}'    the    Right    Reverend    Bishop    Du  Bois. 

The  establishment  of  scliools  was  one  of  the  first  ob- 
jects of  the  attention  of  ]\Ir.  Quarter.  The  Sisters  of  Char- 
ity, at  his  appeal,  began  their  noble  work  in  the  parish 
in  September,  1833,  the  reverend  pastor  having  introduced 
them  almost  against  the  advice  of  the  trustees,  and  even 
of  the  bishop,  who  thought  that  the  project  could  not 
possibly  succeed.  But  Rev.  Mr.  Quai-ter  relied  on  his  own 
energy.  Tln-ee  Sisters  came ;  they  took  control  of  the 
parochial  school  in  the  basement  of  the  church,  and  in 
May,  1835,  opened  St.  Mary's  Academy,  in  the  house  No. 
447  Grand  Street  —  an  institution  since  transferred  to  East 
Broadway,  and  for  many  years  the  highest  Catholic  school 
for    young   ladies    in    the    city. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Quarter  remained  pastor  of  St.  Mary's 
till  his  appointment  as  Bishop  of  Chicago,  in  1844,  and 
during  his  pastorship  was  assisted  by  tlie  Rev.  Mr. 
O'Beirne ;  Rev.  J.  D.  Teixcheira,  a  Avorthy  Portuguese 
priest,  Avho  for  twenty-five  years  labored  zealously  in  the 
parish ;  Rev.  James  Dougherty ;  Rev.  Walter  Quarter,  who 
subsequently  founded  the  Church  of  St.  Lawrence ;  the 
Rev.  Mark  ]\Iurphy,  a  fine  scholnr,  well  read  in  Greek 
literature  and  mathematics,  who  died  at  Staten  Island,  a 
victim    of  charity    during   the   ravages    of    the    ship    fever. 

About    1840,    galleries    were   put   up    on    each    side    of 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY.  49 1 

the  organ,  for  tlie  use  of  the  school  children,  and  a  steeple 
reared   above   the   church   in    1842. 

During'  this  period  a  Rosary  Society  was  canonically 
instituted,  on  the  25th  of  March,  1837,  although  a  few- 
pious  persons  among  the  laity  had  from  an  early  period 
foiTaed  a  sort  of  association  for  saying  the  rosary  to- 
gether, Lawrence  Hannan  being  regarded  as  the  founder 
of  the  devotion.  A  Confraternity  of  the  Sacred  Heart 
of  Jesus  was  also  instituted  on  tlie  26th  of  June,  1840. 
In  regard  to   these   the  Rev.  Mr.  Quarter  himself  wrote :  — 

"The  pastor  of  St.  Mary's  Church,  anxious  for  the 
spiritual  advancement  of  the  congregation  committed  to 
his  charge,  thought  it  advisable,  as  soon  as  convenient, 
to  establish  confraternities  and  pious  sodalities  of  the 
rosary  and  the  scapular.  "When  the  members  of  the  con- 
gregation are  attached  to  some  religious  society  or  con- 
fraternity, they  are  more  likely  to  attend  to  their  relig- 
ious obligations.  They  find  occupation  in  prayer  on 
Sundays  and  festivals  and  other  leism'e  hom's,  whereas, 
if  they  were  not  attached  to  such  societies,  much  of  their 
time  might  be  wasted  in  vice  and  dissipation,  in  slander 
and  calumny,  especially  on  those  days  when  their  worldly 
occupations  do  not  claim  their  attention,  and  when,  for- 
getting that  the  greater  part  of  these  days  should  be 
spent  in  the  service  of  God,  they  seem  to  think  they 
can  idle  them  away  or  s^^end  them  in  frivolous  amuse- 
ments   or   in    sin.       The    poor    especially    experience    much 


492  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

consolation  in  attaching  themselves  to  iiiiy  pious  sodality 
or  confraternity ;  while  the  rich  seldom  attach  themselves 
to  these  associations.  The  least  sacrifice  of  ease  or  pleas- 
ure seems  too  much  for  them,  and  hence  it  is  that  their 
souls  grow  cold  in  devotion ;  the  sacraments  even,  that  the 
Church  commands  them  to  approach  at  least  once  a  year, 
they  neglect,  and  tliey  seem  to  disregard  the  penalties 
due    their   non-compliance. 

"  What  a  contrast  the  rich,  who  do  not,  and  the  poor 
who  do  attach  themselves  to  these  sodalities,  present  in 
the  church  on  Sunday !  In  the  morning  early  the  poor 
are  devoutly  there  preparing  to  feed  their  souls  on  the 
rich  banquet  of  the  Body  and  Blood  of  Jesus  Chi-ist.  The 
rich  have  not  as  yet  raised  their  heads  from  off  their  soft 
pillows.  At  the  last  mass  the  poor  are  there,  fasting  up 
to  the  hour  of  midday,  and  then  too  happy  if  they  be 
permitted  to  approach  the  table  of  their  Lord.  They 
press  through  the  dense  mass  of  people,  and  prostrate 
themselves  before  the  altar,  their  souls  filled  with  devo- 
tion and  inflamed  with  divine  love.  The  rich  sit  in 
their  pews,  and  look  coldly  and  indifferently  on  them, 
and  appear  like  strangers  in  the  house  of  their  Lord  and 
Master — they  have  no  regard  for  the  spiritual  favors  and 
heavenly  blessings,  gifts,  and  graces  which  God  would 
bestow    on   them    were   they   faithful. 

"At  vespers  the  poor  are  again  in  the  house  of  God. 
The    seats    of   the   rich   are    empty.     The   psalm    of    praise 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY.  493 

and  canticle  of  joy  is  being  sung.  The  rich  join  not  in 
the  chonis ;  the  sacred  melody  has  no  charm  for  their 
ears ;  and  they  sit,  if  there  at  all,  gazing  idly  or  per- 
haps ridiculing  those  simple,  pious  souls  that  are  en- 
gaged in  the  praise  of  their  God.  Not  now  even  are 
the  poor  tired  of  their  devotions.  Again  they  assemble 
in  the  evening,  to  close  the  day  Avith  prayer,  to  read 
pious  books,  and  to  recite  the  rosary.  Thus  it  is  that 
the  members  of  the  several  religious  societies  now  es- 
tablished   at    St.    Mary's    spend    the    Sunday." 

His  influence,  and  that  of  these  religious  associations, 
in  a  short  time  made  his  words  almost  inapplicable  to 
his  own  parish,  in  which  the  regularity,  the  frequentation 
of  the  sacraments,  and  the  coirect  lives,  showed  how 
much   had   been   effected   by   liis   zeal. 

While  his  flock  was  thus  making  solid  pi-ogress  in 
the  paths  of  Chi'istian  piety,  St.  IMary's  became  in  a 
manner  the  cradle  of  the  many  Catholic  churches  in 
our  city. 

In  April,  1835,  the  German  Catholics,  who  desired 
to  organize  a  congregation  for  themselves,  obtained  the 
use  of  the  basement  of  St.  Mary's  on  Sunday  mornings 
and  formed  a  little  congregation  which,  in  a  short  time, 
founded  the  Chiurch  of  St.  Nicholas,  in  Second  Street. 
Nor  was  this  the  only  connection  of  St.  Mary's  with 
the  German  Catholic  body.  On  the  second  Sunday  in 
the     Lent    of    1840,    the    reverend    pastor    read    from    his 


494  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

pulpit  the   reasons  wMcli   had   induced   John    James    Maxi- 
mihan  Oertel,  a  Lutheran  minister,  who  had   endured  exile 
rather   than    renounce    what   he    deemed   the    piu'ity    of    his 
religious    belief,    to    abjm-e    the    heresy    entirely,    and    seek 
peace    and   ti'uth  in    the    bosom    of    the    Catholic    Chm-ch. 
lie  had   that  morning'  been  received  into  the    Chm-ch,  and 
made    his    profession    of    faith   at    the    altar    of    St.  Mary's. 
He    then    devoted     his    talents    to    the    diffusion    of    truth, 
and   has  ever  since   ably  edited  a  German    Catholic    paper. 
St.    Mary's    Avas    highly    honored  when,    in     1844,    the 
Holy    See    selected    its    pastor    for    a   position    in    the    hier- 
archy,   although    it    greatly    regretted    liis    loss.      He    was 
succeeded    by   the    Rev.   William    Starrs,    who    opened    his 
administration     by    introducing,    in     May,    1844,    the    devo- 
tion   of    the    Month    of    Mary.      Drawing   the    ladies    of  the 
congregation    around    him,    he   established   the   Ladies'  Altar 
Society,     and    in     1849     the     Ladies'    Benevolent     Society, 
which   in   twelve    years   distributed    nearly  fifteen  thousand 
dollars    among    the    poor.      He    was    earnest    also    in    the 
cause    of   temperance,    Avhere  the  attempt  at  moral   reform- 
ation   was  based  on  the   graces  bestowed  by   God  tlnough 
the     sacraments.       St.     Mary's     Temperance     Society     was 
founded     by    him    in    1850,    and    on    the    21st   of    October 
in    the    tbllowing    year     the     great     apostle    of    temperance, 
Father    Theobald    Matthew,    gave   the  pledge   in   St.   Mary's 
to    a    very    great   number   of   persons    in    the    congregation. 
The    Rev.  Mr.  Starrs  erected  a  new  residence    for  the 


CUUKCII  OF  ST.  MARY.  495 

clergy  of  the  parish;  developed  the  schools,  placing  the 
boys  under  the  Brothers  of  the  Christian  Schools ;  and 
aiding  the  Sisters  of  Charity  to  establish  their  new  house 
on  East  Broadway.  Seeing  the  great  good  done  by  the 
missions,  he  in^ated  the  Redemptorist  Fathers  to  his  par- 
ish, and  the  mission  given  by  them  in  St.  Mary's,  in 
October,  1853,  one  of  the  first  in  the  city,  was  attended 
by    innnense    crowds,    and   produced    most    salutary    effects. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Starrs  was  soon  after  transferred  to 
the  Cathedral,  having  been  assisted  during  his  stay  at 
St.  Mary's  by  the  Rev.  James  McMahon,  now  ])astor  of 
St.  John  the  Evangelist.  Of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Starrs  it  was 
said:  "He  displayed  prudence,  charity,  zeal,  and  patience. 
He  won  the  approbation  of  his  superiors,  and  secured  the 
confidence  which  they  reposed  in  him.  x\ll  knew  that  in 
the  discharge  of  his  official  functions  he  displayed  all  the 
virtues,  and  in  an  uncommon  degree.  One  thing  was 
the  foundation  of  all  the  rest — loyalt}-  to  his  ecclesiasti- 
cal superiors.  He  never  swerved  in  the  least  degree 
from    what   he    owed    to    his    bishop." 

He  was  an  able  administrator  of  temporal  affairs, 
and  besides  laying  out  large  sums  in  improvements,  re- 
duced the  debt,  ^vhich  the  Rev.  Mr.  Quarter  had  brought 
down   to   sixteen   thousand   dollars,    to   four   thousand. 

The  Rev.  Thomas  Farrell,  now  of  St.  Joseph's  Church, 
was  pastor  of  St.  Mary's  from  1855  to  1857,  assisted  by 
Rev.    Messrs.    McMahon,    Carroll,    and    Egan.      His    energv 


496  CATUOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

was  directed  to  the  erection  of  a  suitable  scliool-liouse 
for  the  purposes  of  the  parish,  and  he  was  gratified  by 
the  success  of  his  efforts.  A  substantial  edifice  in  Pitt 
Street  was  opened  in  1(S55,  under  the  charge  of  the 
Clu-istian    Brothers    and    the    Sisters    of   Charity. 

The  Society  of  the  Living  Kosary  —  the  new  form 
which  has  tended  so  much  to  keep  alive  the  old  devo- 
tion to  Our  Lady  —  was  also  established  in  St.  Mary's,  by 
the   Rev.    Mr.    Farrell,    October    1,    1854. 

The  next  pastor  of  the  church  was  the  Very  Rev. 
Archdeacon  McCarron,  who  came,  in  1857,  to  pass  the 
remaining  years  of  his  life  in  the  sanctuary  of  the  Mother 
of  God. 

With  the  vast  increase  of  the  Catholic  population  in 
New  York  City,  St.  Mary's  parish,  including  from  the 
East  River  to  Pike  and  Allen  Streets  on  the  west,  and 
Stanton  Street  on  the  north,  had  become  densely  settled 
with  families  who  tln-onged  the  aisles  of  the  old  chiu'ch 
on  Sundays.  The  number  of  masses  was  increased  to 
five,   but   the"  relief  afforded   was    onl}-    temporary. 

The  schools  were  similarly  overcrowded,  and  as  the 
Rutgers  Female  Institute,  a  fine  building  on  Madison 
Street,  erected  some  years  before  under  the  patronage  of 
the  Crosby  family,  was  for  sale,  the  fashionable  upper 
parts  of  the  city  offering  greater  attractions  for  a  young 
ladies'  academy  of  that  character,  it  was  pm'chased  for 
twenty-five    thousand     dollars,  and   opened     in    September, 


CnURCH  OF  ST.  MARY.  407 

1860,  as  "  St.  Mary's  Female  Institute."  It  was  admira- 
bly adapted  for  the  parochial  school  for  girls,  having 
been  erected  for  educational  pm-poses,  carefully  planned 
and  well  aiTanged,  with  every  endeavor  to  give  abun- 
dance of  light  and  ventilation.  When  the  school  for 
girls  Avas  established  here,  the  Pitt  Street  school  was 
occupied    entirely    by    that    for   the    boys    of  the   parish. 

The  very  reverend  pastor  was  assisted  by  the  Rev. 
Peter  McCan-on,  Rev.  James  Boyce,  Rev.  P.  Farrell,  Rev. 
M.  McKenna,  and   Rev.  John   Donnelly. 

Owing  to  the  infirm  health  of  the  pastor,  much  de- 
volved on  the  active  and  zealous  Rev.  Mr.  Boyce,  who 
extended  the  pastoral  residence  in  1861,  and,  becoming 
convinced  that  a  division  of  the  parish  had  become  an  ab- 
solute necessity,  purchased,  with  the  approval  of  the  ]\Iost 
Reverend  Ai-chbishop,  a  chm-ch  on  Rutgers  Street,  a  sub- 
stantial edifice  erected  by  the  Presbyterians,  who  had 
worshiped  on  that  site  since  1797,  but  now  beheld  their 
congregation    dwindled    away. 

This  edifice  was  placed  under  the  patronage  of  the 
holy  Carmelite,  St.  Teresa,  and  the  paiish  of  St.  Mark's 
was   divided. 

The    old    church   was    remodeled    by    the     Rev.    Mr. 

FarreU    in    1864,    the    congregation    desiring    to   modernize 

their   now   venerable     sanctuary.       The    front   was    entirely 

changed,   and    the   towers    added;    the    interior   handsomely 

painted     in    fresco ;     a   new   and     beautiful     organ    erected ; 
32 


498  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

and  on  Clii-istmas  niorniug',  18G4,  a  new  fine  bell,  weigh- 
ing fifteen  liundi-ed  pounds,  summoned  tlie  Catholics  to 
the    restored    shrine    of  Our    Lady. 

As  it  Avas  e\adent  that  the  ground  occupied  b}'  the 
paroclual  residence  would  sooai  be  required  by  the  chm'ch, 
a  new  residence  for  the  clergy  was  purchased  on  At- 
torney Street,  through  the  exertions  of  the  Rev.  Mr. 
McKenna. 

The  venerable  Archdeacon  McCarron  died  February 
23d,  18G7,  piously  closing  a  long  life  devoted  to  the 
service  of  the  altar.  His  obsequies  draped  the  church  in 
mourning,  and  a  hundi'ed  and  fifty  priests  gathered  to 
honor  his  memory.  The  Very  Rev.  William  Starrs  came 
to  his  old  church  to  sing  the  requiem,  and  the  Most 
Reverend    Archbishop    preached   the  funeral    oi'ation. 

The  Rev.  McKenna  had  ah'eady  planned  a  further 
division  of  the  old  parish,  and,  Avitli  the  approval  of  the 
Most  Reverend  Archbishop,  was  engaged  in  erecting  a 
chiu'ch  in  honor  of  the  patron  of  America,  St.  Rose  of 
Lima.  St.  Mary's  was  thus  deprived  of  a  large  part  of  the 
district  in  which  she  had  so  long  ministered  to  the  peo- 
ple of  God  the  bread  of  life,  her  spiritual  childi'en,  St. 
Teresa  and  St.  Rose,  virgin  followers  of  the  Queen  of 
Virgins,  coming  to  share  her  labors,  her  trials,  and  her 
consolations. 

In  Ma),  1867,  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  Mc- 
Closkey  appointed  as  ^oastor  of   St,   Mary's  the  present  in- 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY.  499 

cimibeiit,  the  liov.  Edward  J.  O'Reilly.  As  we  have 
seen,  he  came  to  the  church  to  find  its  parish  much  di- 
minished. It  is  now  bounded  by  the  East  River,  Clinton, 
Grand,  Norfolk,  Stanton,  Sheriff,  Grand,  and  Jackson 
Streets. 

The  new  pastor  set  to  work  to  reorganize  and  sys- 
tematize the  affairs  of  St.  Mary's,  and  to  make  the  cluu-ch 
all  that  the  parish  could  for  many  years  require.  A  new 
charter  was  obtained,  by  reorganizing  under  the  law  of 
1863,  and  the  ancient  corporation  conveyed  to  the  new 
body  the  property  of  the  parish.  The  corporators  are 
the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop,  the  reverend  pastor,  and 
two    gentlemen    of    the    congregation. 

The  enlargement  of  the  church  was  then  decided 
upon.  The  property  long  owned  on  Grand  Street  was  sold 
and  another  lot  pm-chased  on  Ridge  Street,  this  with  that 
occupied  by  the  pastoral  residence  enabling  them  to 
make  the  church  a  hundi-ed  and  fifty  feet  in  depth.  The 
work  was  commenced  in  July,  1870,  and  completed  early 
in   the    following    year. 

On  the  26th  of  February,  1871,  St.  Mary's  Church, 
as  restored  and  enlarged,  was  dedicated  anew  to  the 
service  of  God  by  his  Grace  the  Most  Reverend  Arch- 
bishop McCloskey.  In  the  High  Mass  wliich  followed 
the  consoling  ceremony,  and  in  which  the  finest  ecclesias- 
tical nuisic  and  the  most  chaste  and  appropriate  adorn- 
ment   combined    to    heighten    the    solenmity    of    the    ritual, 


600       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

a  sermon  full  of  eloquence  incentive  to  devotion  was 
delivered  by  the  Very  Rev.  Thomas  S.  Preston,  V.Gr. 
In  the  evening  at  the  vesper  service,  which  closed 
the  day  of  benediction,  the  Right  Reverend  John  Lough- 
lin,    D.D.,    Bishop    of    Brooklyn,   preached. 

A  new  residence  for  the  clergy  was  soon  after  com- 
pleted, and  St.  Mary's  was  fully  adapted  in  every  i-e- 
spect  for  a  new  career  of  usefulness,  just  as  she  closed 
the  fii-st  half  centmy  of  her  existence.  The  cost  of  the 
recent  improvements  had  been  ninety-three  thousand  dol- 
lars ;  but  the  church  with  the  vestry  now  covers  five 
lots  of  land,  the  schools  and  parochial  residence  are 
amply  adapted  to  the  wants  of  the  parish,  and  the  debt 
is    comparatively    small. 

It  is  to  be  hoped  that  the  faithful  will  liberally 
sustain  this  venerable  sanctuary,  which  has  not  only 
given  rise,  as  we  have  seen,  to  two  other  parish  chm-ches, 
but  has  within  its  limits  the  German  Church  of  Our 
Lady  of  Sorrows  and    the  Polish    Church  of  St.  Stanislaus. 

On  Sunday,  May  14th,  1876,  St.  Mary's  celebrated 
its  semi-centennial  anniversary,  on  wliich  occasion  the 
sermon  preached  fifty  years  before  by  the  Rev.  Hatton 
Welsh  was  reprinted,  with  historical  and  traditionary  notes 
from  the  pen  of  Wm.  Dougherty,  Esq.,  which  have  made 
the  task  of  the  annalist  an  easy  one.  He  was  one  of 
the  oldest  members,  and  had  witnessed  as  a  boy  the 
opening   of  the    first    church. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY.  501 

To  those  wlio  formed  the  congregation  of  1876,  as 
well  as  to  many  who,  removing  to  other  parts  of  the 
city,  harl  been  unable  to  continue  as  constant  worship- 
ers before  the  first  New  York  altar  of  Our  Lady,  the 
day  was  one  of  especial  joy.  The  celebration  was  one 
of  a  character  of  which  there  had  been  fcAv  instances 
in  the  city.  The  church  was  iinely  decorated,  the 
altar  resplendent  with  ricli  laces,  drapery,  floral  offer- 
ings, and  lights.  A  Solemn  High  Mass  was  offered,  with 
the  Rev.  H.  P.  Baxter  as  celebrant,  and  the  Rev.  Messrs. 
Rigney  and  Gleason  as  deacon  and  subdeacon.  The  rev- 
erend pastor  preached,  dwelling  of  com-se  on  the  history 
of  the  chiu-ch  in  which  he  stood,  but  enlarging  on  the 
perpetuity  and  unerring  character  of  the  Catholic  Church, 
the  depositary  of  God's  truth  among  men,  beyond  ^^•hose 
circle  of  light  all  is  darkness,  lit  u])  only  by  the  evanes- 
cent and  phantom-like  gleams  of  opinion — lights  that  do 
not   lead    to  safety,    but   liu-e   men    to   doom. 

The  vesper  ser\'ice  was  as  densely  attended,  and  a 
sermon  from  the  eloquent  Very  Rev.  Thomas  S.  Preston 
closed   the   ceremonies   of  tliis  consoling   day. 

Besides  the  religious  associations  already  mentioned,  was 
one  not  inactive  on  this  day.  It  was  the  St.  Mary's  Library 
Association,  founded,  in  November,  1872,  by  the  Rev.  ]\Ir. 
McEvoy.  It  is  an  incorjoorated  body,  in  a  flourishing  con- 
dition, occujiying  an  elegant  house,  No.  235  East  Broad- 
way, and  has  already  shown  its  ability  for  gi'eat  good. 


502  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  schools  are  in  a  high  state  of  efficiency  and 
prosperity.  Tlie  Clmstian  Brotliers,  in  the  Pitt  Street 
school,  have  six  hundred  boys  under  their  care;  and  the 
Sisters  of  Charity,  in  Madison  Street,  direct  seven  hun- 
dred and  fifty  girh.  Music  and  drawing-  teachers  attend 
both  schools.  These  institutions  are  supported  mainly  by 
a  ten-cent  collection  taken  up  by  a  regailar  organization 
ramifying  tlu-ough   the  whole    parish. 

The  historian  of  the  parish  says  with  honest  pride : 
"  The  number  of  religious  male  and  female,  who  were 
of  St.  Mary's  childi-en,  it  would  be  now  impossible  to 
determine.  Sisters  and  clostered  nuns,  who  sought  their 
vocation  before  St.  Mary's  altar,  may  be  found  through- 
out the  length  and  breadth  of  the  land.  Priests  are  nu- 
merous and  pastors  not  few  who  were  among  St.  Mary's 
boys,  as  was  also  the  Rt.  Rev.  Prelate,  Bishop  McNeir- 
ny."  .  .  .  "  The  best  authorities  among  us  estimate  the 
number  of  religious  who  found  their  vocation  in  old  St. 
Mary's    as    fully    three    hundred." 

The  Rev.  E.  J.  O'Reilly  has  been  assisted  by  the 
Rev.  Messrs.  Thomas  P.  Neade,  who  died  in  September, 
1873 ;  John  Drumgoole,  since  laboring  in  a  special  work 
among  homeless  boys;  Michael  B.  McEvoy,  and  II.  P. 
Baxter.  The  present  cm-ates  are  the  Rev.  Patrick  S. 
Rigney,  the  Rev.  John  Gleason,  and  the  Rev.  Michael 
J.    Quinn. 

Since    its     organization    there    have    been    fully    forty 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY. 


503 


tliousand    baptisms    in   this    cliureh.     Even    with    the  parish 

circiimscribed    and     reduced,     and     other    churches  within 

Its    hmits  where  the  sacrament  is   administered,    the  annual 
baptisms   exceed   five   hundi-ed. 


Roll  of  Honor 


.'\<kmson,  Edward. 
Barrett,  John  C. 
Barrett,  Patrick. 
Baleson,  James. 
Battie,  Sarah. 
Beattie,  Jonathan. 
Blake,  Charles  P. 
Bliel,  Ann,  Mrs. 
Boyle,  Mary  Ann,  Mrs. 
Brady,  Nicholas. 
Browne,  Thomas. 
Burns,  Denis. 
Burns,  John. 
Butler,  Michael. 
Byrne,  Daniel. 
Callan,  Mary. 
Callanan,  James. 
■  Cantwell,  John. 
Canty,  John. 
Carberry,  Michael. 
Carr,  Margaret,  Mrs. 
Carroll,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Carroll.  Thomas  C. 
Casey,  Dominick. 
Caulficid,   Ann,  Mrs. 
Clare,  Patrick. 
Clarke,  Matthew. 
Cleary,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Cluff,  Thomas. 
Coffey,  Francis. 
Collins,  Cornelius. 
Collins,  Michael. 
Condon,  James. 
Conlan,  Anne. 
Connell,  Margaret  A. 


Connell,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Conroy,  Thomas. 
Cook,  Thomas. 
Cooley,  William,  Mrs. 
Coss,  Bridget. 
Coster,  Henry. 
Coyle,  John. 
Crawley,  Henry. 
Cregan,  C,  Mrs. 
Cromien,  Lawrence. 
Crowley,  John. 
Crowley,  Patrick. 
Culhane,  John. 
Cummings,  Thomas. 
Cunnion,  Patrick. 
Curran,  James. 
Cushing,  Martin  J. 

Daly,  Peter. 

Desmond,  Patrick. 

Devinney,  Michael,  Mrs. 

Dillon,  Timothy. 

Donegan,  Roger. 

Dolan,  Robert. 

Donohoe,  Jeftrey. 

Donovan,  John. 

Donovan,  Patrick. 

Doorley,  Etty. 

Doran,  E.,  Mrs. 

Doran,  Michael. 

Douherty,  Edmond. 

Dougherty,  William. 

Dowling,  Martin. 

DriscoU,  Catharine,  Mrs. 

DufTey,  Benianl. 

DniTey.  Peter. 


Duffy,  James. 
Dunn,  Thomas. 
Dwyer,  Patrick  J. 
Dwycr,  Timothy. 
Ennis,  Rosie  A. 
Fagan,  Bridget,  Mrs. 
Farrell,  Catharine  J.,  Mrs. 
Farrell,  James. 
Farrell,  Thomas. 
Finley,  John. 
Finton,  Thomas. 

Fitzgerald,  John. 

Fitzgerald,  Michael. 

Fitzhenry,    Mary,  Mrs. 

Fitzpatrick,  John. 

Fitzpatrick,  Patrick. 

Flanagan,  Bernard. 

Fleming,  Daniel. 

Foley,  Mary  A.,  Mrs. 

Follis,  Dominick. 

Fox,  Patrick  J. 

Gafthey,  E.,  Mrs. 

Galvin,  John. 

Galvvay,  Nicholas. 

Geoghagan,  Michael. 

Goodwin,  Mary,  Mrs. 

Gonzalez,  John. 

Haffay,  Cornelius. 

Haffey,  John. 

Hanly,  Thomas. 

Hart,  Cornelius. 

Hart,  John. 
Hayes,  John. 
Hayes,  Richard. 
Hill,  Peter. 


504                  CATHOLIC  CHURCHF.S  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Hogan,  Thomas. 

McNally,  Bernard. 

Purcell,  Michael. 

Horan,  John  F. 

McReniflF,  John. 

Pye,  Mary,  Mrs. 

Hoye,  Joseph. 

Macklin,  James. 

Quinn,  Edward  F. 

Hughes,  John  H. 

Maker,  Dennis. 

Regan,  Mary. 

Hyland,  James. 

Maher,  Thomas  F. 

Reilly,  Mary. 

Jordan,  John  T. 

Mahon,  James. 

Reilly,  Michael. 

Kane,  Patrick. 

Mahoney,  Dennis. 

Roche,  Ann,  Mrs. 

Kavanagh,  Annie,  Mrs. 

Mahony,  David  J. 

Rooney,  Catharine. 

Kearny,  Joseph  O. 

Malone,  Ann,  Mrs. 

Rooney,  Mary  Frances, 

Miss. 

Keary,  Patrick  J. 

Malony,  Catharine. 

Scott,  Ellen  L.,  Mrs. 

Kelly,  Francis. 

Mancha,  Elizabeth,   Mrs. 

Seavy,  Jane,  Mrs. 

Kennedy,  John  J. 

Mangin,  Michael. 

Shalbey,  Edward. 

Kennedy,  Thomas. 

Manning,  Michael. 

Shell,  N. 

ICenny,  Patrick. 

May,  Andrew. 

Sheridan,  Edward. 

Keohane,  Dennis. 

Meade,  Thomas. 

Sherry,  Mary  A.,  Miss. 

Killevey,  Thomas. 

Meehan,  James. 

Shorky,  John,  Mrs. 

Lane,  Daniel. 

Meehan,  John  M. 

Sinnott,  James. 

Lane,  Thomas. 

Melville,  Dennis. 

Slattery,  David. 

Lang,  Alice,  Mrs. 

Mitchell,  Maigaret  A. 

Slattery,  J. 

Larkin,  James  B. 

Molony,  F. 

Smith,  Charles  B. 

Leonard,  Bridget. 

Monaghan,  Owen. 

Smith,  Hugh. 

Lowney,  Martha. 

Moore,  James. 

Smith,  Mary. 

Lynch,  Joseph  A. 

Moore,  Margaret,  Mrs. 

Soden,  David  H. 

Lynch,  Patrick. 

Moran,  Peter. 

Stack,  Edward. 

Lynch,  Peter. 

Morgan,  Sarah,  Mrs. 

Stackpole,  Julia,  Mrs. 

Lyon,  Mary,  Mrs. 

Mullins,  John. 

Stewart,  Bridget,  Mrs. 

Lyons,  Cornelius. 

MuUins,  Michael. 

Stokes,  Mary. 

McArdle,  John. 

Mullins,  William. 

Sullivan,  Cornelius. 

McArdle,  Peter. 

Murphy,  Daniel  J. 

Sullivan,  John. 

McBarron,  James  W. 

Murray,  CorneUus. 

Sullivan,  Lizzie. 

McCarthy,  Charles. 

Murray,  James. 

SulUvan,  Mary,  Mrs. 

McCarthy,  James. 

Nagle,  Patrick. 

Sullivan,  Michael. 

McCarthy,  Mary,  Mrs. 

Nevin,  C. 

Swanton,  John. 

McCarthy,  Michael. 

Nolan,  Anthony. 

Sweeney,  Patrick  L. 

McClancy,  Stephen. 

Nolan,  Ella,  Miss. 

Taylor,  Bridget. 

McCormick,  Peter  A. 

Nolan,  John. 

Taylor,  Catharine. 

McDevitt,  Edward  &  Cath. 

O'Brien,  Daniel. 

Tiernan,  James. 

McDonnell,  James. 

O'Brien,  M. 

Travers,  James  A. 

McGrath,  Roddy. 

O'Brien,  Owen. 

Twigg,  Timothy. 

McGuire,  J.  T. 

O'Conner,  James. 

Valentine,  George. 

McGuire,  Mary,  Mrs. 

O'Conner,  William  H. 

Wallace,  William. 

McKeever,  Ann  Teresa. 

O'Connor,  Patrick. 

Walsh,  Patrick. 

McKenna,  William  James. 

O'Connor,  Richard. 

Waters,  Patrick. 

McKerby,  Bridget,  Mrs. 

O'Donnell,  Andrew. 

Welch,  William  J. 

McKnight,  John  E. 

O'Neill,  D. 

Whalen,  Michael. 

McLaughlin,  Patrick. 

Parsons,  Frederick  J. 

White,  Maurice. 

McMahon,  Ilonora,  Miss. 

Patten,  Matthew. 

White,  Michael. 

McMahon,  Michael,  Mrs. 

Pratt,  Michael. 

Wilford,  Francis. 

REV.    EDWARD    J.    O'REILLY, 

PASTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MARY. 


THIS  clergyman,  wliose  thirty  years'  labor  as  a 
priest  in  the  diocese  has  received  from  his  Em- 
inence Cardinal  McCloskey  a  token  of  appreciation  in  his 
selection  as  a  member  of  his  conncil  as  Archbishop  of 
New   York,    is   a   native   of  the   South. 

He  was  born  at  Savannah,  Georgia,  on  the  first 
day  of  September,  1824,  while  his  native  State  formed 
part  of  the  Diocese  of  Charleston,  then  guided  by  that 
glory  of  our  episcopate.  Bishop  England.  He  Avas  gradu- 
ated at  Mount  St.  Mary's,  Maryland,  and,  after  pm-suing 
his  theological  studies  at  St.  Joseph's  Seminary,  Fordham, 
New  York,  he  received  priest's  orders  at  the  hands  of 
Bishop  Hughes,  on  the  23d  of  September,  1848,  in  St. 
Patrick's   Catheth-al. 

On  the  day  of  his  ordination  he  was  appointed 
pastor  of  the  Church  of  Oiu-  Lady  of  Mercy,  Portchester, 
whence  he  attended  also  the  Catholics  at  the  old  Hugue- 
not settlement,  New  Rochelle.  Finding  that  the  Chm-ch 
of  St.  Matthew  at  this  point  was  likely  to  increase,  he 
made  it    his  principal  care,  and    in   1849   removed   to   that 


506  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

place.  He  remained  in  charge  of  the  two  congregations 
for   some    years,  highly  esteemed   by    his   flock. 

In  1853,  he  was  appointed  pastor  of  the  Chnrch  of 
St.  Patrick,  in  Newbiirgh,  and  directed  every  effort  to 
the  good  of  his  people  and  the  interest  of  religion,  the 
children  being  his  especial  care.  One  of  the  earliest  results 
of  his  energy  and  zeal  was  a  neat  and  comparatively 
large  school-house,  in  which  were  employed  competent 
secular  teachers  for  both  boys  and  girls;  but  at  a  later 
period  the  girls  were  confided  to  the  care  of  the  Sisters 
of  Chanty. 

"When  Rev.  Mr.  O'Reilly  foiled  to  obtain  a  share  of 
the  public  funds,  to  aid  in  can-ying  on  his  schools,  far 
from  being  discouraged,  he  set  to  work  with  renewed 
ardor  to   meet   his  responsibility. 

During  the  fourteen  years  that  he  spent  in  New- 
burgh,  the  parish  of  St.  Patrick's  prospered  so  under  his 
fostering  care  that  it  came  to  be  regarded  as  one  of 
the  leading  parishes  outside  the  City  of  New  York. 
The  chm-ch,  schools,  societies,  and  the  many  great  works 
which  cluster  round  a  large  parish,  are  the  monuments 
left  by  this  zealous  pastor  to  recall  his  memory.  De- 
spite his  modest,  humble  manner — a  manner  that  so  often 
effectually  covers  sterling  worth — his  people  found  the 
key  to  those  inner  qualities  that  seldom  appear  on  the 
surface ;  while  those  not  of  his  own  flock  recognized  in 
him  a  man  of  high  intellectual  stamp.    Therefore  it  is  little 


CHURCH  or  ST.  MARY.  5Q7 

to  be  wondered  at  that  on  going  to  tlie  next  scene  of 
his  labors  lie  carried  with  him  the  love  and  gratitude 
of  his   flock. 

Towards  the  close  of  May,  1867,  he  was  appointed 
by  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  to  St.  Mary's,  which 
at  an  earlier  period  was  one  of  the  most  popiilovis  parishes 
in  the  City  of  New  York.  Here  he  continued  his  career 
of  usefulness,  and  soon  learned  that  with  narrowed  re- 
sources he  must  meet  heav)^  church  expenses  and  carry 
on   the  schools. 

When  the  Most  Reverend  Ai-chbishop  McCloskey,  in 
1868,  convened  the  third  diocesan  synod  of  his  diocese, 
the  Rev.  E.  J.  O'Reilly  acted  as  secretary  of  that  im- 
poi'tant    convention    of  the    clergy. 

In  1873,  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  selected  him 
as  a  member  of  his  council,  one  of  his  advisers  and 
consul ters  in  the  management  of  important  affairs  relating 
to   the    diocese. 

On  the  20th  of  September,  1875,  he  Avas  chosen  to 
deliver,  in  St.  Peter's  Chm-ch,  a  sermon  at  the  mass 
offered  for  those  who  had  gloriously  laid  down  their 
lives   in   defence   of  the    Holy    See. 

His  labors  in  his  own  j^fi^i'ish,  and  the  improvements 
accomplished  by  him,  are  already  recorded  in  the  sketch 
of  the    clnu'ch,    and    need   not   be    repeated  here. 


hH        a; 


B 
H        EH 

r  -< 


O 
W 

o 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  MARY  MAGDALEN. 

KAST  SEVENTEENTH   STKEET. 


THE  church  dedicated  to  the  celebrated  penitent 
of  the  gospel,  model,  by  her  contrition  and  love, 
of  all  who  renounce  the  wide  and  flowery  ways  of  sin 
to  tread  the  narrow  and  arduous  way  of  the  cross  that 
leads  to  life,  is  one  of  the  most  recent  of  the  religious 
edifices  erected  by  the  German  Catholics  of  New  York 
City.  It  is  due  mainly  to  the  zeal  of  the  present  pas- 
tor, the  Rev.  Adam  F.  Tonner,  who,  while  assistant  at 
St.  Nicholas'  Chm-ch,  felt  assm-ed  that  another  German 
chm-ch  in  that  part  of  the  city  was  peremptorily  demanded. 

The  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  was  convinced  by 
the  cogency  of  his  arguments,  and  permitted  the  attempt. 
In  the  district  assigned  to  him,  he  looked  around  for  a 
suitable  hall  in  which  to  gather  the  Catholics,  and  for- 
tunately obtained  a  large  room  in  Temperance  Hall,  on 
the  comer  of  Twenty-third  Street  and  Second  Avenue, 
one  of  the  Father  Matthew  temperance  societies  having 
kindly  given  the  new  pastor  the  use  of  the  hall  for  two 
months. 

Having  thus  secured  a  place  where  for  tlie  time  he- 
ing   the    Holy   Sacrifice     could    be    off"ered,    he    purchased 


510  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  Yf)RK. 

lots  on  Nineteentli  Street,  and  commenced  the  erection 
of"  a  church  in  honor  of  St.  Mary  Magdalen.  The  first 
mass  in  the  new  district  was  offered  up  b}'  the  i)astor, 
August    10th,    1873. 

The  cornei'-stone  of  the  new  edifice  was  laid  li}-  the 
Rev.  Father  Joseph  Wirth,  then  rector  of  the  Chiu'ch 
of  the  Most  Holy  Redeemer,  in  Third  Street,  and  at 
present    pastor    of  the    Church    of  St.    Alphonsus   Liguori. 

The  -work  was  then  pushed  on  i-apidly,  so  that  the 
cluu'ch    was    completed  before    the    end    of  the    }'ear. 

The  Church  of  St.  Mary  Magdalen  was  solemnly  ded- 
icated to  the  service  of  Almight}-  God,  with  all  the 
grandeur  of  the  Roman  rite,  on  the  12th  day  of  Octo- 
ber, 1878.  The  Ver}-  Rev.  William  Quinn,  Vicar  Gen- 
eral of  the  diocese,  officiated  on  the  occasion,  and  a 
sermon  was  preached  at  the  High  Mass  that  followed, 
the  sacred  orator  being  the  Redemptorist  Father  Klei- 
neidam.  Many  of  the  city  clerg)-  were  present,  among 
others  the  Rev.  Father  Ivo,  superior  of  the  Capuchin 
Fathers  at  the  Clnu-ch  of  Om*  Lady  of  Sorrows,  and 
Father   Arnold. 

The  chm-ch  thus  opened  to  divine  worship  has  since 
prospered,  the  Di\^ne  favor  being  manifest.  As  the"  con- 
ffresration  has  increased,  there  is  a  desire  to  erect  a  school- 
house,  and  to  obtain  a  convenient  and  suitable  edifice 
for    a   parochial   residence. 


GIIURC:n  OF  ST.  UAUY  MAGDALEN.  5II 

REV.     A  I)  A  ]M     FRANCIS     T  O  N  N  E  R  , 

PASTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH  OF   ST.   MARY  MAGDALEN. 


THE  pastor  of  the  Chm-cli  of  St.  Blary  Magdalen 
was  born  in  Foehrer,  near  Treves,  Priissia,  on 
the  5tli  of  December,  1835.  He  came  to  tliis  country 
in  the  month,  of  October,  1848,  and,  resolving  to  devote 
his  life  and  talents  to  serve  God  in  His  holy  ministry,  he 
entered  St.  Vincent's  College,  Pennsylvania,  and  after  a 
preliminary  training  there,  under  the  learned  and  experi- 
enced Benedictines,  he  proceeded  to  Canada,  and  in  the 
Greater  or  Theological  Seminary  at  Montreal,  prepared 
to  receive  those  holy  orders  Avhich  were  to  enroll  him 
among  the  priests  of  God.  He  was  ordained  by  the 
Most  Reverend  Archbishop  McCloskey,  in  St.  Patrick's 
Cathedral,    on    the    26th    of   June,    1865. 

The  iirst  mission  of  the  young  priest  was  that  of 
assistant  in  the  Church  of  St.  Nicholas,  on  Second  Street, 
where  he  remained  until  he  gathered  a  new  flock  around 
the  altar  of  the  holy  penitent  of  Magdala.  Then  he 
erected  the  chiirch  which  is  a  conspicuous  monument  of 
his    zeal   and   perseverance. 

His    assistant   is   the    Rev.    Gallus    Briider. 


Roll  of  Honor. 

Frank  May.  Frank  Blaiseun.  Jacob  Bertram. 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  MICHAEL 

WEST  THIRTY-SECOND  STREET. 


THERE  seems  to  be  evidence  that  to  the  mighty 
Archangel  St.  Michael,  the  prince  of  the  hosts 
of  the  Lord,  was  dedicated  the  first  Catholic  chapel  ever 
reared  on  the  soil  of  our  republic.  The  churcli  styles  him 
the  "  standard  bearer,"  and  he  thvis  bore  the  standard  of 
the  faith  into  the  territory  we  now  occupy.  It  was  most 
fitting  then  that  New  York  should  have  a  church  especially 
dedicated  to  this  great  angel,  where  his  jjowerful  protec- 
tion over  our  whole  country  might  be  more  directly  im- 
plored. 

St.  Michael  was  the  leader  of  the  faithful  ansrels 
against  Lucifer;  he  was  the  jn-otector  of  the  Jewish 
nation ;  the  prophet  Daniel  saw  his  power  and  influence ; 
St.  Jude  and  St.  John  tell  us  of  his  influence.  The 
Chm'ch  constantly  invokes  him — in  the  mass  at  the  Con- 
fiteor ;  in  the  incensing  of  the  altar ;  in  the  recommend- 
ation of  a  departing  soul,  and  in  the  Mass  for  the  Dead; 
in  the  Litany  of  the  Saints.  She  celebrates  two  feasts 
in  his  honor — liis  apparition  during  a  pestilence  in  Rome 
on   the    8th    of    May ;    the    dedication    of    a    church    under 

his   invocation    on    the    29th   of    September.      To    Catholics 
33 


614  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

of  New  York,  this  last  feast  is  also  the  anniversary  of 
the  first  martyr  who,  witliin  the  present  limits  of  the 
State,    shed   his    blood    for   the    faith    of  Jesus    Christ. 

It  was  a  happy  thought  that  led  the  Rev.  Arthur  J. 
Donnelly  to  place  under  such  a  patron  the  parish  con- 
fided to  his  care,  in  the  summer  of  1857,  by  the  Most 
Eev.  Archbishop  Hughes.  The  rapid  increase  of  Catho- 
lics on  the  western  side  of  the  island,  between  the 
Church  of  St.  Columba  and  that  of  the  Holy  Cross,  led 
the  Most  Reverend  Ai-chbishop  to  lay  off  a  new  parish, 
extending  from  Twenty-eighth  to  Thirty-eighth  Street, 
and   from    Sixth  Avenue    to    the   banks  of  the    Hudson. 

As  the  young  pastor  was  instructed  to  erect  his 
church  as  near  midway  as  possible  between  the  two  ex- 
isting chm'ches,  biit  further  west,  he  piu'chased,  for  eleven 
thousand  dollars,  a  plot  on  Thirty-fii'st  Street,  between 
Ninth   and   Tenth   Avenues. 

Before  he  could  form  any  plans  for  erecting  his 
church,  the  great  financial  crisis  of  1857  occurred.  Thou- 
sands were  thrown  out  of  employment,  and  this  was  es- 
pecially the  case  in  the  parish  of  St.  Michael.  The  very 
site  he  had  purchased  was  slipping  from  the  pastor's 
hand.  A  preliminary  payment  had  been  made  ;  more  had 
to  be  paid  or  the  whole  would  be  lost.  Loans,  obtained 
with  exertion  among  personal  friends,  enabled  him  to 
overcome  the  first  difiiculty.  The  ground  was  St.  Mi- 
chael's. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MICHAEL.  515 

To  attempt  the  erection  of  a  cliui-ch  under  such 
ch'cumstances  would  have  been  madness ;  but  the  Rev. 
Mr.  Donnelly  was  not  one  to  sit  still  and  wait.  He  was 
a  pastor,  and  his  flock  must  have  a  place  to  meet  and 
offer  up  the  Holy  Sacrifice.  In  the  rear  of  the  lot  was 
a  row  of  time-worn  two-story  frame  houses.  By  re- 
moving the  floors  and  strengthening  the  frames,  these, 
with  a  cheap  brick  extension  running  to  the  street,  formed 
the  temporary  chapel  of  St.  Michael  and  the  residence 
of  the   pastor. 

On  Sunday,  the  20tli  of  September,  1857,  this  chapel 
was  formally  opened,  and  mass  celebrated,  the  Very  Rev. 
William  Starrs,  the  Vicar  General,  and  more  than  once 
administrator  of  the  diocese,  preaching.  When  the  pe- 
riod of  financial  distress  had  passed,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Don- 
nelly collected  means  to  pay  off  the  indebtedness  he  had 
incurred,  and  to  begin,  in  a  quiet,  steady  way,  to  erect 
the  church.  During  the  year  1861,  when  the  country 
was  resounding  with  the  din  of  civil  war,  the  basement 
story  of  the  new  church  was  built  ai'ound  the  tempo- 
rary chapel,  the  services  in  which  were  never  distiu-bed. 
When  the  new  walls  had  risen  to  a  sufiicient  height,  a 
roof  was  tlu'own  over  it,  the  first  structure  removed,  and 
the   new   chapel   was   fitted   ^lp   for   divine   service. 

The  Holy  Sacrifice  of  the  mass  was  celebrated  here 
for  the  first  time  on  the  feast  of  St.  Michael,  when  it 
was   dedicated    by    his    Grace    the    Most    Reverend   John 


516  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Hug-lies,  who  preached  on  the  occasion,  his  text  being, 
"  My   house    is    the    house    of   prayer." 

The  church  as  thus  adapted  for  use  was  eighty  feet 
on  Thirty-first  Street,  approached  tlu'ough  an  entrance  on 
Thirty-second  Street,  where  the  buikhng  was  only  twenty- 
five  feet  wide.  The  front  tliere  was  of  brown  stone. 
Owing  to  the  difference  of  the  grade  in  the  two  streets, 
the  entrance  on  Thirty-first  Street  Avas  much  liigher  than 
the  level  (_>f  the  next  street,  and  by  slightly  raising  the 
floor  of  the  part  intended  for  the  chmxh,  a  convenient 
room   was   obtained   for   school   purposes. 

In  this  somewhat  em'ious  but  convenient  chapel  the 
congregation  continued  to  worship  for  some  time,  cheered 
by  the  encouraging  approval  of  the  Archbishop  to  pro- 
ceed with  their  edifice.  Undeterred  by  the  uncertain  state 
of  public  affairs,  the  pastor  went  bravely  on.  The  front 
wall  and  tower  were  completed  in  1862,  and  in  the  en- 
suing year  the  rear  and  side  walls  rose,  and  the  cluu-ch 
was  enclosed.  It  was  finally  completed  according  to  the 
original  plan  early  in  1864,  and  gave  a  fine  church  one 
hundred   feet   in   depth. 

It  was  solemnly  dedicated  on  the  10th  of  April, 
1864,  by  the  Very  Rev.  William  StaiTS,  administrator  of 
the  diocese  during  the  vacancy  of  the  see  after  the  death 
of    Archbishop   Hughes. 

The  health  of  the  pastor  soon  after  compelled  him 
to    visit    Europe,    but    he    returned    full    of    courage,    and 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MICHAEL.  517 

ft 
resolved  to  make  his  j^arish  a  model.  His  prospects  de- 
manded more  land,  and  as  occasion  offered  he  purchased 
piece  after  piece.  Before  many  years  he  had  acquired  ten 
additional  lots,  giving  him  fronts  on  the  avenue  and  the 
two   adjacent   streets. 

In  1867,  having  ground  for  the  purpose,  he  set  to 
work  to  carry  his  church  tkrough  its  full  width  from 
street  to  street  —  a  length  of  two  hundred  feet.  It 
was,  when  thus  completed,  a  peculiarly  fine  and  grand 
church. 

The  church,  thus  completed,  was  dedicated  May  17, 
1868,  by  his  Grace  the  Most  Reverend  John  McCloskey, 
Archbishop  of  New  York,  who  delivei'ed  a  sermon  on 
the   occasion. 

At  the  opening  of  his  labors  the  pastor  was  struck 
by  the  small  number  of  children  who  appeared  in  the 
chm'ch.  He  opened  a  Sunday-school,  but  few  joined  it. 
The  children  had  evidently  not  been  trained  by  their 
parents  to  feel  the  obligation  of  hearing  mass  on  Sun- 
days. Many,  by  attending  the  public  schools  under  the 
masked  proselytism  or  religion-extirpating  system  there 
prevalent,  were  growing  up  indifferent  to  all  religion. 
This  was  a  ten-ible  state  of  things,  to  be  checked  and 
refonned.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Donnelly  said  a  mass  specially 
for  the  children,  and  kept  at  his  Sunday-school  till  lie 
had  twelve  hundred  Avho  came  regularl)-  to  mass  and  in- 
struction.      All    he    could     do    he    felt    to    be    inadequate, 


518  CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

yet    lie   was    hot    in     a    position    to    establish   a    Catholic 
school. 

At  last,  however,  on  the  10th  of  Jime,  1866,  the 
corner-stone  of  the  girls'  school  was  laid,  by  his  Grace 
the  Most  Rev.  Ai-chbi,shop  McCloskey,  and  the  basement 
built.  When  the  extension  of  the  chui'ch  Avas  completed, 
the  work  on  the  schools  was  pushed,  and  both  schools 
were   ready  for    use    in    1870. 

It  was  not  enough  to  save  the  rising  generation. 
The  Rev.  Mr.  Donnelly,  to  foster  vocations  in  his  parish, 
opened  a  class  for  all  who  felt  called  to  the  ministry. 
In  1867,  when  he  proposed  it,  nearly  a  hundred  pre- 
sented themselves.  Of  these  he  selected  twenty-five,  and 
they  formed  a  nucleus  of  a  body  destined  to  give  future 
pastors  to  our  churches.  Eight  of  the  original  twenty-five 
persevered.  The  Rev.  S.  J.  Nagle,  who  completed  his 
studies  at  St.  Sulpice,  Paris,  and  was  ordained  in  the 
seminary  at  Troy,  was  the  first  fruits  of  Mr.  Donnelly's 
zeal.  The  Rev.  Alfred  Evans  soon  followed,  and  one  by 
one   they   were    ordained   for    service    in   the   missions. 

The  parochial  schools  were  finally  opened,  to  the 
great  joy  of  the  parish,  in  September,  1870 ;  the  boys' 
school   with    foiu-    hundi'ed   scholars,    under   seven  teachers. 

The  erection  of  the  gu-ls'  school  was  completed  some 
years  after,  but  it  was  a  question  how  to  insm-e  a  suc- 
cession of  competent  teachers.  The  orders  engaged  in 
instruction  in  the   city  seemed   overtasked ;  and,   after  long 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MICHAEL,  519 

deliberation  and  considtation,  the  Rev.  ]\Ir.  Donnelly  con- 
cluded that  the  interests  of  his  parish  would  be  most 
advanced  by  introducing  the  Presentation  Nuns  —  an  Irish 
order  founded  by  Miss  Nano  Nagle,  in  the  last  century. 
With  the  approval  of  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop,  he 
went  to  Ireland,  in  1874,  and  obtained  from  the  convents 
of  Terenure  and  Clondalkin,  near  Dublin,  five  confessed 
Sisters,  who,  with  Rev.  Mother  ]\Iary  Joseph  Hickey  as 
superior,  came,  accompanied  by  five  postulants,  to  foiuid 
the  order  in  America.  They  were  warmly  welcomed  by 
the  parish  on  their  arrival,  September  8th,  1874,  and  soon 
after  took  possession  of  the  convent  prepared  for  them. 
They  opened  St.  Michael's  parochial  school  for  girls,  with 
six   hundred    pupils. 

These  schools  with  the  parochial  residence  foi-m  an 
imposing  mass  of  buildings  on  Ninth  Avenue.  They  are 
in  modem  Gothic  style  —  the  fii'st  story  of  Connecticut 
stone,  the  upper  stories  of  brick  trimmed  with  stone.  The 
windows  are  in  doublets,  with  hooded  and  depressed  pointed 
arches.  At  each  angle  of  the  building  is  a  tower.  The 
entrances  on  each  street  are  fine ;  that  on  Ninth  Avenue 
is  surmounted  by  a  panel  of  marble,  with  St.  Michael 
crushing  the  dragon  in  relievo.  The  rooms  are  well 
lighted  and  ventilated,  and  there  is  a  fine  exhibition  hall 
reserved  for  great  occasions.  The  whole  structm-e  was 
erected  under  the  supervision  of  the  architect,  Mr.  L.  J. 
O'Connor,  and   cost   about   a   hundred   thousand   dollars. 


520  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  various  cliurch  building-s,  with  the  schools,  have 
cost  over  fooi-  hundi'ed  thousand  dollars,  of  which  ninety- 
two    thousand   remains    unpaid. 

The  church  is  organized  luader  the  law  of  March 
25th,  1863,  the  original  trustees  in  1866  being  the  Most 
Reverend  Archbishop ;  the  Very  Rev.  William  StaiTs,  V.Gr. ; 
Rev.  Artluu'  J.  Donnelly,  pastor;  Edward  Fitzpatrick,  and 
Michael   Canning. 

So  zealous  a  pastor  would  naturally  establish  socie- 
ties. The  Association  of  St.  Michael  includes  almost  every 
adult  worthy  of  the  name  of  Catholic  in  the  parish. 
Wliile  it  has  formed  the  members  to  the  practical  dis- 
charge of  their  spiritual  dvities,  it  has  quickened  their 
zeal,  and  this  society  has  given  more  than  one  hundi-ed 
thousand  dollars  towards  the  chiu'ch  and  schools,  and  de- 
votes its  whole  revenue  to  the  support  of  the  latter.  The 
Young  Men's  Catholic  Lyceum,  founded  by  the  Rev. 
Thomas  J.  Ducey,  and  occupying  a  house  of  its  own,  is 
destined  to  do  incalculable  good  to  the  Catholic  young 
men  of  the  whole  city.  There  is  also  the  St.  Michael's 
Total   Abstinence    Society,  doing    its   good   Avork. 

The  Presentation  Nuns,  since  then-  coming  into  the 
parish,  have  established  the  Sodality  of  St.  Monica,  whose 
objects  are:  First,  to  afford  to  adult  women  of  every 
state  of  life  the  beneiit  of  religious  instruction  in  their 
respective  duties;  second,  to  insm-e  to  its  members  the 
opportunity  of    sanctifying    the    Sunday    by    giving   a   due 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MICHAEL.  521 

2)roportion  of  it  to  religions  exercise.s ;  third,  to  pro- 
mote the  regular  and  devont  frequentation  of  the  sacra- 
ments ;  fourth,  the  proper  training  of  the  young ;  fifth, 
to  promote  peace,  order,  and  cheerfulness  in  Christian 
families ;  sixth,  the  visitation  and  spiritual  comfort  of 
the    sick. 

Among  the  deceased  members  of  the  parish,  whose 
generous  contributions  have  encouraged  Father  Donnelly 
in  all  his  undertakings  during  their  lives,  or  ^vllo  have 
left  generous  bequests,  and  whose  names  shall  live  in 
the  parish  in  gi-ateful  remembrance,  are  Owen  Kenny, 
John  O'Neill,  formerly  of  Thirty-fifth  Street;  Cornelius 
Doyle,  Richard  Murray,  John  ]\IcGrane,  Malachi  Fitzpat- 
rick,  Robert  McCormick,  William  Wilson,  Timothy  Maro- 
ney,  Bernard  Mm-ray,  Michael  Donnelly,  James  Conway, 
late  of  Sixty-first  Street;  Owen  Mallon,  Patrick  McElroy, 
late  of  Lexington  Avenue ;  Daniel  Early,  Thomas  Cos- 
tello,  Mrs.  Margaret  Byrne,  Jlrs.  Owen  Mallon,  ]\Irs. 
Margaret  Maguire,  Mrs.  Ann  Ilurst,  Mrs.  Ann  Led\vith, 
Mrs.    Francis  McNulty,  Mrs.  Catharine  McCusker. 


Roll  of  Honor. 

Bambrick,  James.  Brice,  Charles.  Callary,  Mary  A.,  Mrs. 

Bathe,  Christopher.  Brice,  Henry.  Canning,  Michael. 

Bogiie,  Thomas.  Brice,  John.  Cannon,  Mich.ael. 

Boylan,  Michael.  Brown,  Patrick.  Carey,  Thomas  F. 

Boyle,  Thomas.  Bryant,  E.,  Miss.  Carroll,  Michael. 

Bradley,  Margaret.  Bulger,  P.  J.  Cassiily,  Martin. 

Brangan,  Lawrence.  Bush,  Christopher  J.,  Mrs.  Clancy,  John. 


522 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


Clarke,  James. 
Cleary,  John. 
Cockerill,  Thomas. 
Cody,  Elizabeth,  Mrs. 
Coffey,  Ann,  Mrs. 
Conboy,  Michael. 
Connell,  Catharine,  Mrs. 
Connell,  Peter. 
Connolly,  Catharine. 
Connolly,  Peter  J. 
Conroy,  John. 
Corcoran,  Michael,  Mrs. 
Corrigan,  Edward. 
Coyle,  Thomas  V. 
Craggy,  John. 
Curnen,  James. 
Darcy,  Mary. 
Davis,  Mary. 
De  Noville,  Zephine. 
Dillon,  James,  Mrs. 
Donnelly,  D.  M. 
Donnolly,  Michael,  Mrs. 
Donohue,  William. 
Doran,  Edward  A. 
Dougherty,  Felix. 
Dougherty,  Jolm. 
Early,  John. 
Evans,  Mrs. 
Evers,  K.  L.,  Mrs. 
Farley,  Delia. 
Farrelly,  Maggie. 
Finnin,  Michael. 
Fitzgerald,  James. 
Fitzgerald,  Michael. 
Fitzpatrick,  B.,  Mrs. 
Fitzpatrick,  Edward. 
Fitzpatrick,  John. 
Fitzpatrick,  William,  Mrs. 
Flemming,  Murtaugh. 
Fox,  Mary. 
Fulton,  John. 
Gallagher,  L.  V. 
Grace,  Robert  S. 
Graham,  Patrick. 
Gregory,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Hagan,  Arthur. 
Hagan,  Bernard. 
Hand,  Arthur. 
Hand,  Michael. 
Hannan,  John. 
Harty,  Jeremiah. 


Hatherley,  Thomas  R. 
Haxton,  William. 
Hearn,  Thomas,  Mrs. 
Hennessey,  Patrick  J.,  Mrs. 
Hogan,  John. 
Horrigan,  Thomas. 
Hussey,  Edward  M.  F. 
Hurst,  George. 
Hynch,  Patrick. 
Jaques,  Zackariah. 
Joyce,  Edward. 
Keating,  Patrick. 
Keenan,  William. 
Kennedy,  James. 
Kenney,  Daniel  E. 

Kenny,  Peter  D. 

Kettle,  Philip. 

Kieran,  John. 

Kiernan,  .\ndrew. 

Laracy,  Philip. 

Lavary,  Daniel. 

Lee,  Samuel. 

Logan,  Ann. 

McAleer,  Michael,  Mrs. 

McCabe,  James. 

McCann,  Bridget,  Miss. 

McCarthy,  Matthew. 

McCoy,  Patrick. 

McCusker,  Michael. 

McDonald,  James  F.,  Mrs. 

McElvey,  John. 

McGee,  James,  Mrs. 

McGill,  Richard. 

McGookin,  Andrew. 

McGowan,  Felix. 

McGrath,   Patrick. 

McGrath,  Philip. 

McGuire,  Thomas  J. 

McKenna,  Charles. 

McKeown,  Edward. 

McNaly,  James. 

Mack,  Anton,  Mrs. 

Maher,  Edward. 

Mahon,  Annie  A. 

Mahon,  Richard. 

Mahoney,  Eliza. 

Mallon,  Charles. 

Mallon,  John. 

Maloney,  Thomas. 

Mannion,  Dennis. 

Marron,  Daniel. 


Meehan,  Patrick  J. 

Meredith,  Philip. 
Montague,  Edward. 
Morgan,  Francis. 
Mulligan,  John. 
Murphy,  Catharine,  Mrs. 
Murphy,  Bernard  K. 
Murphy,  Johanna. 
Murphy,  John. 
Murphy,  Julia. 
Murphy,  Margaret. 
Murray,  Annie. 
Murray,  Peter. 
Naglc,  Michael  H. 
O'Brien,  C.  F. 
O'Brien,  John. 

O'Brien,  Patrick. 

O'Donnell,  Mary,  Mrs. 

O'Grady,  James. 

O'Hara,  Arthur. 

O'Neill,  John. 

O'Rourke,  Ann,  Mrs. 

Phelan,  Patrick. 

Quinn,  Daniel, 

Quinn,  Michael. 

Raine,  Thomas  J. 

Rayy,  Josephine. 

Reid,  Mrs. 

Reilly,  John. 

Reynolds,  John. 

Reynolds,  Thomas. 

Rice,  Thomas. 

Rogers,  Francis. 

Ryan,  Cornelius. 

Ryan,  John. 

Salmon,  William. 

Scully,  Thomas. 

Shannon,  David. 

Shey,  Sylvester  M. 

Shine,  Julia. 

Shue,  Donard. 

Smith,  James. 

Smith,  Matthew,  Mrs. 

Starr,  Mary. 

Stokes,  Thomas. 

Tobin,  Michael. 

Toner,  Thomas. 

Torney,  John. 

Wall,  Catharine,  Mrs. 

Walsh,  Michael. 

Wilson,  Aubray  C. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MICHAEL.  523 


REV.     ARTHUR     J.     DONNELLY, 

PASTOK  OF  THE  CHURCH  OF  ST.  MICHAEL. 


REV.  Ai-tlnir  J.  Donnelly  was  bom  on  the  19tli 
of  January,  1820,  in  Atliy,  County  Kildare, 
Ireland,  and  Avas  brought  hither  by  his  parents,  who 
emigrated  to  New  York  in  1827.  His  father  intending 
him  for  commercial  pursiTits,  liis  education  was  directed 
to  that  end,  and  was  principally  received  in  the  schools 
of  St.  Mary's  ChtU'ch  —  first  in  the  original  church  in 
Sheriff  Street,  then  in  the  temporary  church  comer  of 
Pitt  and  Grand  Streets,  and  finally  in  the  present  church. 
Leaving  school  in  his  fourteenth  year,  he  served  a  short 
apprenticeship  to  a  diy  goods  firm  doing  business  in  tliis 
city  and  Paterson,  N.  J.  This  firm  succumbed  to  the 
panic  of  1836,  and  closed  its  business.  He  was  then 
engaged  by  Lord  &  Taylor,  whose  only  store  at  that 
time  was  in  Catharine  Street.  With  tliis  finn  he  remained 
eight  years,  filling  a  confidential  position  the  latter  part 
of  the  time.  In  1844,  he  formed  a  copartnership  and 
entered  into  business  with  his  cousin,  the  late  David  P. 
Campion,  under  the  title  of  Campion  &  Donnelly.  Dur- 
ing     these      years      the      atti-actions     and     excitements     of 


524  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

commercial  life  did  not  suppress  an  oft-felt  desire  to 
stndy  for  the  priesthood,  which  was  not  acted  on,  prob- 
ably because  no  opening  presented  itself  for  the  purpose. 
During  his  youth  there  was  no  school  in  New  York 
calculated  to  develop  a  vocation  or  point  out  the  road  to 
the  priesthood.  In  184G,  St.  Joseph's  Seminary  was 
established  by  Bishop  Hughes,  and  placed  in  charge  of 
the  Jesuit  Fathers.  A  few  visits  to  that  institution  and 
an  acquaintance  formed  with  some  of  its  students  led  Mr. 
Donnelly  to  abandon  commercial  life  for  the  sanctuary. 
Having  been  cordially  received  by  Bishop  Hughes,  who 
approved  of  his  resolution,  he  withdrew  from  business  and 
entered  St.  Joseph's  Seminary  a  few  months  after  its 
establishment. 

He  was  ordained  priest  by  the  Most  Reverend  Arch- 
bishop Hughes,  in  St.  Patrick's  Cathedi-al,  on  the  6th  of 
October,  1852,  and  on  the  28th  of  the  same  month  was 
sent  to  ]\Ianhattanville  to  organize  a  parish  and  erect  a 
church.  In  our  sketch  of  the  Chm-ch  of  the  Annuncia- 
tion we  have  seen  how  well  he  succeeded  in  the  task 
confided  to  him,  at  the  very  outset  of  his  sacerdotal 
career. 

On  the  14th  of  October,  1855,  he  was  ti-ansfen-ed 
to  Fordham,  to  assume  a  position  for  which  his  business 
ability  gave  him  singular  advantages — that  of  procm'ator 
of  St.  Joseph's  Theological  Seminary,  as  well  as  to  fonn 
a   new  parish  and   organize  into  a  congregation    the  Cath- 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  MICHAEL.  525 

olics  in  that  district  who  began  to  frequent  the  chiu-ch 
connected  with   the    seminary. 

When  he  had  spent  two  yeai's  in  this  position,  to 
the  complete  satisfaction  of  the  Most  Reverend  Ai'ch- 
bishop,  his  colleagues,  and  his  flock,  his  Grace  resolved 
to  give  a  wider  and  more  important  field  for  the  exercise 
of  his  priestly  qualities.  He  sent  him  (Tiice  more  to  or- 
ganize a  parish  and  erect  a  chmxh ;  but,  far-seeing  as  that 
great  prelate  was,  and  himself  full  of  grand  ideas  for  the 
future  of  Catholicity,  he  could  not  for  a  moment  have 
anticipated  such  results  as  have  followed  from  the  ap- 
pointment of  the  Rev.  A.  J.  Donnelly  to  the  parochial 
district   of   St.  Michael's. 

Nor  has  his  infliience  been  confined  to  this  parish. 
He  was  appointed  by  Ai'chbishop  Hughes  to  frame  and 
prepare  a  uniform  system  of  parochial  books  and  ac- 
counts, which  proved  a  work  requiring  great  experience 
and   knowledge,    and   attest   his    ability. 

Since  1873  he  has  been  a  member  of  the  council 
of  his  Eminence  the  Archbishop  of  New  York,  a  re- 
sponsible as  well  as  honorable  position,  in  itself  a  proof 
of  the   high    esteem   in    which    he    is   held. 


CHURCH   OF   THE   NATIVITY    OF   OUR   LORD. 

SECOND    AVENUE. 


CHURCH  OF   THE  NATIVITY  OF  OUR  LORD. 

SECOND     AVENUE. 


A 


BOUT  the  yeai-  1842,  the  tremendous  opposition 
made  by  the  vaiious  Protestant  denominations, 
when  the  CathoHcs  asked  the  restoration  of  the  old 
New  York  plan  of  aiding  all  religious  schools,  had  a 
most  beneficial  effect  in  arousing  the  whole  Cathohc 
body  on  the  island  to  a  sense  of  their  rights  and  wants. 
It  gave  them  new  life,  and  was  followed  by  a  prompt 
extension    of  Catholic    chm-ches    and    institutions. 

At  that  time,  the  Catholic,  starting  from  St.  Mary's 
northward  along  the  East  River  side  of  the  island,  looked 
in  vain  for  any  sign  of  his  faith  till  he  reached  Fiftieth 
Street,  where  St.  John's  was  just  struggling  into  exist- 
ence, except  the  little  German  Church  of  St.  Nicholas. 
With  these  exceptions,  the  whole  district  was  bm-ied  in 
darkness   and   the   shadow   of  death. 

The  Rev.  Andi-ew  Byrne,  a  far-sighted  and  active 
clergyman,  who  believed  in  establishing  new  churches 
wherever  possible,  had  looked  anxiously  for  some  oppor- 
tunity to  organize  a  new  parish  in  that  part  of  the 
city.  At  last,  in  February,  1842,  the  announcement  of 
legal   sales   proclaimed    that,    by   order   of    the     Court    of 


t 


528  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Chancery,  a  large  and  commodious  building  on  Second 
Avenue,  which  had  been  erected  as  a  house  of  worship 
and  occujwed  hj  a  Presbyterian  congregation,  would  be 
sold   to  the    highest   bidder. 

At  the  auction  the  bids  were  reasonable,  and  the 
chiu'ch  was  purchased,  in  behalf  of  Rev.  Mr.  Byrne,  by 
Edward  Roche,  Esq.  As  there  was  no  part  of  the  city 
where  a  church  was  more  needed,  this  purchase  was 
hailed  by  the  Catholics.  The  Right  Reverend  Bishop 
Hughes  had  given  his  earnest  sanction  to  the  project, 
and  itjOw  assigned  the  Rev.  Mr.  Byrne  to  this  new  field 
of  labor.  The  church  was  fitted  up  for  Catholic  wor- 
ship, the  Liturgy  of  the  Apostles,  of  the  Catacombs,  of 
the  Ages  of  Faith.  A  very  neat  and  chaste  altar,  with 
rich  gilt  candlesticks,  a  painting  of  the  Crucifixion  as  an 
altar-piece,  with  paintings  of  the  Annunciation  and  the 
Assumption  of  oiu-  Lady  at  the  sides,  showed  that  the 
edifice    was   to    be    used   for   a   purer   and    holier   faith. 

It  was  solemnly  dedicated  on  the  5th  of  June,  1842. 
The  event  attracted  great  numbers  of  Protestants  as  well 
as  Catholics  —  no  tickets  being  issued.  The  Right  Rev- 
erend Bishop  Hughes  performed  the  dedication  service, 
which  deeply  impressed  all, '  especially  the  Protestant  por- 
tion, particularly  at  the  moment  Avhen  the  officiating 
prelate,  after  moving  ai'ovmd  the  outside  of  the  edifice, 
advanced  tlu-ough  the  great  door  in  solemn  procession  up 
the  nave  to   the   altar. 


CHURCH  OF  THE  NATIVITY  OF  OUR  LORD.  529 

After  the  dedication  of  the  chiu-ch  to  tlie  .seryice  of 
Ahiiighty  God,  under  the  invocation  of  the  Nativit}'  of 
our  Lord,  a  Pontifical  High  Mass  was  offered  by  the  Rt. 
Rev.  Benedict  J.  Fenwick,  D.D.,  Bishop  of  Boston,  one 
of  the  oldest  li\'ing  of  the  early  priests  of  New  York. 
The  Rev.  John  J.  Conroy,  afterwards  Bishop  of  Albany, 
was  deacon,  and  Rev.  Dr.  Ilarley,  too  soon  to  l^e  lost 
to  the  diocese,  officiated  as  subdeacon ;  the  Rev.  D.  W. 
Bacon,  who  was  to  become,  in  time.  Bishop  of  Portland, 
acted  as  master  of  ceremonies.  In  the  sanctuary  were  also 
the   Rev.   Messrs.    Starrs,  McCarron,  and  O'Neill. 

After  the  gospel  of  the  day,  the  Rt.  Rev.  Bishop 
Hvxghes  preached,  St.  Paul's  First  Epistle  to  the  Corin- 
thians (iii.  4),  furnishing  the  text :  "  For  no  one  can  lay 
another  foundation,  but  that  which  is  laid,  which  is  Christ 
Jesus."  For  more  than  an  hour  his  eloquence  kept  the 
congregation  fixed  in  profound  attention.  He  spoke  in 
warm  commendation  of  the  prompt  and  liberal  aid  given 
to  the  new  pastor,  to  whom  the  Catholic  community  was 
indebted  for  this  new  church,  by  Dr.  Roche,  liimself  not 
a  Catholic. 

The  attendance  was  very  large  —  estimated  at  two 
thousand  five  hundred — but  no  confusion  took  place,  so 
perfect   were   the  aiTangements. 

The  new  parish  was  soon  organized,  and  prosperous 
under  the  care  of  the  Rev.  Dr.  Byrne,  but  on  his  appoint- 
ment as  Bishop  of  Little  Rock,  Arkansas,  the  Rev.  Ed- 
34 


630  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

ward  O'Neill  became  pastor.  The  Rev.  Richard  Kein  was, 
from  1844  for  several  years,  assistant  and  then  pastor,  till 
he  founded    St.    Bridget's   Church. 

In  September,  1847,  the  Rev.  George  McCloskey 
was  appointed  pastor,  and  for  more  than  twenty  years 
was  the  revered  priest  of  the  parish  of  the  Nativity. 
During  this  long  period  he  was  assisted  from  time  to 
time  by  various  clergymen — the  Rev.  John  Shanahan,  one 
of  Bishop  Connolly's  priests,  in  1848 ;  the  Rev.  John 
Murray  Forbes  in  1852 ;  in  the  following  year  by  his 
brother,  the  Rev.  William  McCloskey,  subsequently  rector 
of  the  American  College  at  Rome,  and  now  Bishop  of 
Louisville,  Kentucky ;  the  Rev.  Felix  H.  Fan-elly  no^v 
pastor  of  St.  James,  in  1853,  and  from  1855  by  the 
Rev.    William    Everett. 

As  the  congi-egation  seemed  to  increase  beyond  the 
capacity  of  the  church,  the  Rev.  George  McCloskey,  in 
1848,  established  the  Chapel  of  the  Nativity,  at  No.  572 
Fourth  Street,  which  was  attended  from  the  chmxh,  but 
the  attempt  to  establish  succursal  chapels  did  not  meet 
the  wishes  of  the  people ;  the  project  was  soon  aban- 
doned  and   has    never  been    revived. 

The   health   of  the    Rev.   George   McCloskey   failed  so 
that   for  a   time  he    went   to  Europe  in  hopes  of  regaining 
strength   to   continue    his    labors.      After     visiting    the    fa-- 
mous   health   resorts,    he    was,    finding    that    years    in    Eu- 
rope   left    him    no     better,   about    to    return     to    America, 


CHURCH  OF  THE  NATIVITY  OF  OUR  LORD.  531 

when    he    made    trial    of  Great    JIalvern,    England.      Here, 
thongJi     an    invalid,    he    felt    eager    to    labor,    and     fin.Ung 
that   in    February,    after    three    months'    stay,    he    was    weU 
enough    to    say    mass,    he    fitted    up    a  temporary  chapel  in 
a    gymnasium.       A     little     congregation     assembled,    which 
increased   so    as    to    excite     alarm.       The    gymnasium    was 
refused    him;    then    he    set   up    his    altar    in    a    di-ill    room, 
till    the    lady    of  the    manor    closed    this    on    him.       Not   a 
place    in   Malvern    could    be    found;    but   an    American  res- 
ident  had   a   house  with   two   large   rooms.      This   became 
the    chapel,    and    here  mass    was    said  daily,    till    the    Rev. 
Dr.    McCloskey     returned     to     New     York,     when     Bishop 
Ullathorne    sent   a    priest   to   continue    his    labors. 

Finding  that  his  complete  recovery  was  extremely 
doubtful,  the  Rev.  Dr.  McCloskey  resigned  his  charge  in 
April,    1869. 

The  Rev.  William  Everett,  who  had  been  assistant 
smce  1855,  became  pastor  on  the  resignation  of  the  Rev. 
George  McCloskey,  and  is  still  directing  the  faithful  of 
Nativity  parish  with  quiet  zeal  and  piety.  His  curates 
have  been  the  Rev.  J.  J.  Griffin  and  Rev.  Thomas  J. 
Ducey.  His  present  assistant  is  the  Rev.  M.  A.  Nolan, 
appointed   in   1872. 

The  societies  established  in  the  parish  are  the  Asso- 
ciation for  the  Propagation  of  the  Faith,  the  Conference 
of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul,  the  Rosary  Society,  an  Altai- 
Society,    and   the    Society   of    the    Children    of    Mary. 


532                 CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Roll   of   H 

ONOR. 

CHURCH 

OF  THE  NATIVITY  OF  OUR  LORD. 

. 

Aubert,  Eugene. 

Fulton,  James. 

Marshall,  Henry. 

Bannigan,  Edward. 

Gallagher,  John. 

Meehan,  John,  Jr. 

Bingham,  Jacob  W. 

Garno,  Benjamin. 

Mitchell,  William  P. 

Brady,  Ann  E.,  Mrs. 

Gorman,  Anthony. 

Murphy,  John. 

Brady,  Thomas. 

Haggerty,  Joseph. 

Murray,  Bridget,  Mrs. 

Brennan,  Edward. 

Hellen,  Catharine. 

Nagle,  Garrett. 

Burns,  John. 

Hewitt,  Thomas. 

Nugent,  Mary. 

Carroll,  Bernard. 

Hodgins,  Thomas. 

O'Brien,  John. 

Clark,  Rose. 

Hughes,  John  F. 

O'Connell,  William. 

Cogan,  John. 

Hugo,  Henry. 

O'Donnel,  Ann,  Mrs. 

Cooke,  William. 

Johnson,  James. 

O'Leary,  John. 

Creamer,  Francis. 

Kaughran,  John  E. 

O'Meara,  James. 

Crumey,  Andrew. 

Kelly,  Tyler,  Mrs. 

O'Neil,  Joanna. 

Cummings,  Hugh. 

Kieman,  John. 

Poe,  John. 

Cunningham,  Patrick. 

Lalor,  William. 

Price,  William. 

Delaney,  John. 

Larkin,  Michael,  Mrs. 

Reilly,  Bernard. 

Dodien,  Mansuy. 

Lee,  James. 

Reilly,  William  J. 

Doody,  Edward. 

McCabe,  Thomas. 

Rodman,  Isaac. 

Dowling,  Joseph  J. 

McCollum,  Lydia  A. 

Rooney,  P. 

Dowling,  Mary,  Mrs. 

McCullough,  John. 

Ryan,  Michael. 

Doyle,  Michael  L. 

McDonald,  Francis  J. 

Schuff,  Jacob  J. 

Duffy,  Mary,  Mrs. 

McGovem,  Michael. 

Sheckelton,  Christopher. 

Dynan,  Michael  J. 

McLaughlin,  Michael. 

Shields,  Andrew. 

English,  James. 

McLaughlin,  Robert. 

Spratt,  Michael. 

Farrell,  Thomas. 

Madden,  Thomas. 

Walsh,  James. 

Foley,  Matthew. 

Madigan,  Jeremiah. 

Ward,  Edward. 

Fox,  Robert  C. 

Maloney,  Patrick. 

Wilson,  William  R. 

Fraprie,  Abigael,  Mrs. 

Manning,  Thomas. 

CHURCH  OF  THE  NATIVITY  OF  OUR  LORD.  533 


REV.    WILLIAM    EVERETT, 

PASTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH  OF  TlIK   NATIVITY. 


THE  Rev.  William  Everett,  the  present  pastor  of 
the  Chm'ch  of  the  Nativity,  was  l)om  in  the 
City    of    Albany,    Angust    14,    1814. 

He  was  brought  up  in  the  Protestant  faith,  and,  study- 
ing for  the  ministry,  received  orders  in  the  Protestant 
Episcopal  Chvux'li,  in  wliich  he  spent  several  years  offi- 
ciating as  a  clergyman  of  that  body.  In  the  impulse 
given  to  thought  by  men  hke  the  Rev.  Samuel  Farmer 
Jarvis  in  this  country,  and  the  Oxford  school  in  Eng- 
land, many  who  had  taken  the  Anglican  system  in  good 
faith  began  to  examine  the  solidity  of  the  grounds  on 
which  it  rested.  Conviction  dawned  on  not  a  few  that 
the  whole  separation  and  reconstruction  in  the  sixteenth 
century  was  unwan-anted  and  without  authority.  It  re- 
quired special  graces  from  God  in  many  cases  to  re- 
nounce position,  associations,  long-formed  habits  of  thought, 
and  to  come  humbly  into  the  Catholic  Church  as  lay- 
men. The  Rev.  Mr.  Everett  heroically  made  all  the  sac- 
rifices needed  to   correspond  to  the    grace  accorded  him. 

He  was  received  into  the  Catholic  Chm'ch,  and,  after 
pursuing    theological     studies     at     St.     Joseph's     Seminary, 


534  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Fordham,  then  directed  by  Fathers  of  the  Society  of 
Jesus,  he  was  ordained  priest  by  Archbishop  Hughes  on 
the  29th  day  of  January,  1853,  the  feast  of  St.  Francis 
de    Sales. 

He  was  first  assigned  to  duty  in  St.  Peter's  Church, 
but  remained  only  a  few  months,  when  he  was  stationed 
at  St.  Joseph's  Church  as  assistant.  In  1854  he  was 
appointed  curate  at  St.  Ann's  Church,  where  he  remained 
till   the   following   year. 

He  became  assistant  to  the  Rev.  George  McCloskey, 
in  the  Church  of  the  Nativity,  in  the  month  of  October, 
1855,  and  has  remained  connected  with  the  parish  for  a 
period  now  approaching  a  quarter  of  a  century,  having 
been  made  parish  priest  by  the  Most  Reverend  Ai'ch- 
bishop,  now  his  Eminence  Cardinal    McCloskey,  in  1869. 

His   present   associate    is    the    Rev.    M.    A.    Nolan. 


CIIUROIl    OF    SAINT    NICHOLAS. 

SECOND    8TKEET. 


CHURCH   OF  SAINT   NICHOLAS. 

SECOND    STREET. 


THE  priest  who  organized  the  congregation  which 
founded  St.  Peter's  Chnrch  was  a  Gemian  Fa- 
tlier  of  the  Society  of  Jesus.  He  found  some  of  his 
CathoHc  countrymen  here  in  his  earhest  visits.  Just  after 
the  close  of  the  last  century  even,  the  question  was 
raised  of  establishing  a  German  church  also ;  but  the 
project  was  discouraged,  and  it  was  not  till  about  the 
year  1834  that  any  formal  steps  were  taken  to  oi'ganize 
a   German    congregation. 

This  great  work  was  due  to  the  Rev.  John  Raffeiner, 
who,  says  Archbishop  Hughes,  "  in  his  youth,  his  vigor- 
ous manhood,  and  his  old  age,  both  in  holy  priesthood 
and  in  the  practice  of  a  learned  profession,  served  his 
Creator  in  fear  and  holiness.  Tlie  venerable  Father 
Raffeiner  is  sunmioned  from  amongst  us  to  that  other 
and  better  world  which  God  has  prepared,  for  those  who 
love  and  serve  Him  in  this.  In  Heaven  he  will  not 
forget  to  intercede  for  us,  and  especially  for  his  people, 
who    have    been   under   his   spiritual  care    so   many   years. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  NICHOLAS.  537 

Many  of  you  have  no  recollection  of  the  spiritiial  de.sti- 
tution  that  prevailed  in  New  York  when  the  now  popu- 
lous dioceses  of  Brooklyn,  New  York,  Buffalo,  Albany,  and 
Newark  were  comprised  in  one.  The  Grerman  Catholics 
were  then  but  few,  and  totally  devoid  of  spiritual  aid. 
It  was  the  good  providence  of  God  that,  at  this  partic- 
ular period,  directed  the  steps  of  Father  Raffeiner  hither, 
where  he  entered  most  faithfully  and  earnestly  on  the 
work  assigned  him,  in  supplying  spiritual  comfort  to  liis 
needy  countrymen.  He  was  made  the  coadjutor  of  my 
immediate  predecessor,  the  lamented  Bishop  Du  Bois,  and 
vested  w^ith  the  care  and  responsibility  of  attending  to 
tlie  spiritual  wants  of  the  German  Catholics  of  the 
diocese.  In  justice  to  him  I  must  say  that  wherever 
there  were  German  Catholics,  there  would  Father  Raffeiner 
seek  them  out  and  minister  to  them,  being  prevented 
neither  by  the  winter's  snows,  the  summer's  sun,  nor  the 
inconvenience  of  travel  in  that  day,  from  fulfilling  the 
duties   assigned    him." 

This  language  shows  how  eminent  a  priest  St. 
Nicholas  had  for  its  founder,  and  if  the  great  Areli- 
bishop  could  say,  "  Bishops,  priests,  and  people  have 
reason  to  remember  Father  Raffeiner  for  many  years  to 
come,"  his  name  and  his  memory  can  never  be  forgotten 
in  the    Church    of  St.    Nicholas. 

Under  his  impulse,  the  German  Catholics  assembled 
and    organized ;     and    an    imoccupied     Baptist    chiu-ch    on 


538       CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YOEK. 

the  corner  of  Delancey  and   Pitt  Streets  was  hired.     Here 
mass    was    said   regularly. 

To  erect  a  suitable  chiu-ch  was  the  next  step.  For 
this  purpose,  on  the  1st  of  September,  1834,  they  pur- 
chased, through  Dr.  Joseph  C.  Springer,  of  John  Jacob 
Astor,  fom-  lots  of  gi-ound  on  Second  Street,  between 
First  Avenue  and  Avenue  A,  gi\nng  a  front  of  a  hun- 
dred feet  and  a  depth  of  one  hundi*ed  and  six.  On  Easter 
Monday,  April  20,  1836,  the  Very  Rev.  John  Power, 
Vicar  General  of  the  diocese,  assisted  l)y  the  Rev.  Jo- 
seph A.  Schneller  of  Christ  Church  and  the  Rev.  John 
Raffeiner,  proceeded  to  the  ground,  where  a  large  con- 
course of  citizens  had  assembled,  and  laid  the  corner- 
stone, with  the  ceremonies  prescribed  by  the  Roman 
ritual.  The  Rev.  Mr.  Schneller  then  addi-essed  the 
audience  in  English.  After  treating  of  the  general  sul3- 
ject  of  the  erection  of  houses  for  divine  worship,  as 
well  as  of  the  structures  raised  in  order  to  gratify  human 
pride,  he  said:  "The  edifice  which  we  now  commence 
to  erect  will  have  nothing  to  boast  from  the  ingenuity 
of  the  design  which  human  skill  is  to  impart.  Its  plain 
construction  will  furnish  nothing  to  elicit  admiration.  It 
will  neither  be  planned  by  power  nor  achieved  by  wealth. 
But  let  not  its  simple  plan  and  its  diminutive  di- 
mensions lessen  the  vast  and  incalculable  importance 
of  its  object.  Its  object  is  not  earthly.  Ineffably 
superior    to   that     pyramid    which    grew    up    in    the   plains 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  NICHOLAS.  539 

of  Egyf)t,  it  calculates  upon  holy  communings  of  man 
Avitli  God.  We  lay  not  the  foundations  for  a  monu- 
ment of  human  pride,  in  which  the  remains  of  earth's 
despotic  rulers  are  to  repose,  hut  for  a  tabernacle  in 
which  the  Eternal  King  of  Heaven  is  to  reside.  It  will 
not  be  a  gigantic  pile,  to  attract  the  admiration  of  na- 
tions and  the  gaze  of  many  generations ;  but  a  chapel 
in  which  spiritual  blessings  are  to  be  received,  wliich  will 
fructify  on  this  terrestrial  stage  of  existence,  and  the  plen- 
itude of  whose  enjoyment  will  be  consummated  in  a  life 
to  come." 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Raffeiner  also  addressed  his  flock  in 
German,  impressing  on  them  the  greatness  of  the  work 
wliich   they   liad    undertaken  for   the    glory    of  God. 

The  project  was  to  erect  fii-st,  in  the  centre  of  the 
lots,  a  building  with  a  front  of  fifty-two  feet,  and  extend- 
ing back  seventy  feet;  and  as  the  congregation  increased 
in  means  and  numbers,  to  add  a  ti'ansept  ninety-six 
feet  in  length,  and  prolong  the  main  building  to  ninety 
feet.  Tlie  work  was  continiied  steadily,  and  the  church 
finally  erected;  the  builders',  work  and  material  costing 
$8,174.57;  the  organ  $600,  and  the  fitting-up,  $1,38445; 
in    all,    a   little    over   ten  thousand   dollars. 

Before  the  work  was  completed,  the  lease  of  the 
hired  church  apparently  terminated,  and  the  German  Catho- 
lics were,  for  a  time,  accommodated  in  the  basement  of 
St.    Mary's.      The    Rev.    Mr.    Raffeiner    made    ever}'    efi"ort 


540  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

to  collect  for  the  purpose  of  erecting  the  chiirch,  extend- 
ing-  his    tour   even    as   far   as    New    Orleans. 

The  cluu-ch  was  at  last  ready,  and  Avas  solemnly 
dedicated  to  the  worship  of  the  Holy  Tiinity,  on  Easter 
Sunday,  1836,  under  the  invocation  of  St.  Nicholas,  Bishop 
of    Myra. 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Raffeiner  remained  for  seven  years  pas- 
tor of  St.  Nicholas,  having  as  assistant  priest  the  Benedic- 
tine Father  Nicholas  Balleis.  His  labors  were  not  confined 
to  the  parish — he  was  mainly  instrmnental  in  erecting  a 
church  at  Macopin,  N.  J. ;  laid  the  foundation  of  the 
Cluu-ch  of  the  Holy  Trinity  in  Boston ;  officiated  in  va- 
rious parts  of  New  Jersey,  at  Albany,  Utica,  Rochester ; 
erected  the  Clmrch  of  St.  John  the  Baptist  in  Thutieth 
Street,  and  the  Chm'ch  of  the  Most  Holy  Trmity,  Wil- 
liamsburgh,   where   he    died. 

Jle  was  succeeded  in  1840  by  Dom.  Nicholas  Balleis, 
on  whose  removal  to  Newark  the  Rev.  Bishop  Hughes 
wished  to  confide  the  chm-ch  to  the  Redemptorists ;  but 
the  trustees  declined  to  enter  into  his  plans,  and  the 
Rev.  Gabriel  Rumpler,  C.SS.R.,  erected  the  Church  of 
Our    Most    Holy   Redeemer. 

In  June,  1844,  the  Capuchin  Father,  Ambrose  Buch- 
meyer,  from  the  Diocese  of  Strigonia,  Hungary,  became 
pastor  of  St.  Nicholas,  and  continued  to  direct  the  parish 
till  his  death,  October  11th,  1861  ;  assisted  from  August, 
1845,    by   Father   Felician    Krebesz    of  the    same    order. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  NTCIIOLAS.  541 

Soon  after  lie  toolc  charge  oi  tlio  parish  it  was  foiiud 
necessary  to  enlarge  or  rebuild  the  church.  TIkj  carry- 
ing out  of  the  original  plan  was  abandoned,  and  the 
present  fine  chui-ch  erected  in  1848.  It  is  a  Grothic 
structm-e,  the  facade  of  cut  brown  stone.  The  interior  is 
extrendy  neat,  the  Avood-work  being  of  walnut.  The 
altar  is  of  beautiful  marble,  elaborately  wrought  and  richly 
decorated,  and  there  are  two  elegant  side  altars.  The 
building  cost  thirt}'  thousand  dollars,  all  of  which  A\'as 
paid   when    the    time    came    for  its    dedication. 

This  imposing  ceremony  was  performed  by  the  Right 
Rev.  Bishop  Hughes,  on  the  24tli  of  December,  1848. 
The  full  ritual  was  earned  out,  the  procession  of  bishops 
and  clergy  making  the  circuit  of  the  clnu'ch  without  and 
within.  After  the  blessing  of  the  altar,  the  Right 
Reverend  Bishop  addressed  the  innnense  nndtitude,  who 
filled  every  pai't  of  the  church.  His  text  was  :  "I  have 
rejoiced  in  the  ■  things  that  were  said  to  me  :  We  sliall  go 
into  the  house  of  the  Lord."  (Psalm  cxxi.  1.)  High  Mass 
was  then  celebrated  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  Rubesc,  and  an 
eloquent  sermon  preached  by  the  celebrated  Jesuit  Father 
Pottgeiser. 

The  new  chiu'ch  seats  eleven  hunch-ed  and  forty,  and 
suffices    amply   for   the    wants    of  the    congregation. 

Schools  were  established  at  an  early  date,  and  in 
1867  the  Rev.  Father  Buchmeyer  erected  a  fine  school- 
house,  which  will    accommodate  a   large  number   of  pupils. 


542       CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  boys'  school  is  conducted  by  the  Brothers  of  the 
Clmstian  Schools,  who  have  six  hundred  and  fifty  pupils 
under  their  charge ;  and  the  girls,  to  the  number  of  seven 
hundred  and  fifty,  are  taught  by  the  Sisters  of  St.  Dominic. 

On  the  death  of  Father  Buchmeyer,  Father  Krebesz 
became  pastor,  and  discharged  the  duties  of  the  position 
till   he    too   passed   away,    January   4,    1876. 

His  Eminence  Cardinal  McCloskey  then  confided  the 
care  of  the  parish  to  the  Rev.  Francis  J.  Shadier,  who 
had  been  assistant  since  August  15,  1875.  He  is  still 
pastor,  assisted  by  the  Rev.  Anthony  Lamell  and  Rev. 
John   Mayer. 

There  are  in  the  church  the  Rosary  Society,  the 
Corpus  Chi-isti  Society,  the  Society  of  the  Agony  of  Om- 
Lord,  the  Confraternity  of  the  Sacred  Heart,  and  foiu" 
Sodalities  of  the  Blessed  Virgin.  Besides  these  religious 
associations,  there  is  the  Conference  of  St.  Vincent  de 
Paul,  and  the  St.  Nicholas,  St.  Paul,  St.  Vincent  de  Paul, 
and   St.    Killian  Societies. 

The  saint  to  whom  the  chiu'ch  is  dedicated  may  be 
regarded  in  some  sort  as  the  patron  of  New  York.  So 
widespread  was  the  devotion  to  him,  that  in  Catholic 
times  he  had  chui'ches  under  his  invocation  in  every 
country  of  the  East  and  West.  He  was  the  especial  pa- 
tron of  the  poor,  the  oppressed,  the  imperiled  maiden, 
the  childi-en,  the  mariner,  and  the  trader.  Not  even  the 
blasting    sirocco   of  the   sixteenth   centmy    could   tear   from 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  NICHOLAS.  543 

the  hearts  of  the  people  a  veneration  for  St.  Nicholas. 
The  Calvinists  of  Holland,  Avho  settled  the  island,  taught 
their  chikben  to  expect  reward  for  good  conduct  through 
the  hands  of  St.  Niklas,  and  children  to  this  day  at 
Clmstmas  time  look  to  Santa  Glaus,  as  he  is  called,  by 
corruption,  for  the  presents  of  the  season.  The  city  has 
its  hotels,  banks,  insiu'ance  companies,  societies  named  in 
his  honor;  and  a  publishing  house,  never  Catholic  in  its 
tendencies,  issues  a  magazine  for  the  young  which  bears 
the   name    of  this    servant   of  God. 

St.  Nicholas  was  born  at  Patara,  a  city  in  Asia 
Minor,  a  child  of  prayer  granted  to  parents  who  had 
long  sought  offspring  from  God.  Trained  in  piety,  he 
corresponded  fully  to  the  desires  of  his  parents,  and 
devoted  himself  to  the  altar  as  a  priest  of  God.  The 
wealth  he  inherited  was  used  to  relieve  distress,  especially 
that  bashful  poverty  that  shriilks  from  appeal.  Entering 
a  monastery  at  Myra,  he  became,  in  time,  its  abbot,  and, 
when  the  archbishop  of  the  city  died,  the  abbot,  re- 
nowned for  his  sanctity  and  miracles,  was  unanimously 
chosen.  He  is  said  to  have  suffered  in  the  persecution 
of  Diocletian,  and  to  have  aided  powerfully  in  the  Coun- 
cil of  Nice  to  condemn  the  heresy  of  Arius.  He  died 
in  342,  and  was  interred  in  his  own  cathedi'al,  which 
was  for  ages  a  place  of  pilgrimage.  In  1087  his  relics 
were  transferred  from  his  ruined  church  to  Bari,  in  Italy. 
The    miracles    wrought    by    his    intercession     diffused     his 


544  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

devotion  througliout  the  West,  and  every  seaport  liad, 
ere  long-,  a  chm-cli  in  liis  honor.  That  those  who  for- 
sook the  faith  shoukl  have  borne  his  fame  to  our  city 
is  one  of  the  remarkable  instances  of  Grod's  providence, 
lie  is  especially  honored  in  Europe  as  a  pati'on  of 
the  young,  one  of  the  miracles  ascribed  to  him  being 
the  restoration  to  life  of  three  children  who  had  been 
cruelly  murdered  and  concealed  in  a  tub.  In  allusion  to 
this,  he  is  frequently  represented  arrayed  as  a  bishop 
with   tln-ee   childi'en   in   a  tub   near  him. 


Roll  of  Honor 

CHURCH  OF  ST.  NICHOLAS. 


Kilian  Kling.  Anthony  Euring.  Fritz  Emmerman. 


CHUECH  OF  ST.  NICHOLAS.  545 


KEV.  F.  J.  SHADLER, 


PASTOK    OF    THE    CHUECH   OF   ST.    NICHOLAS. 


THE  present  pastoi'  of  the  oldest  German  cliiu*cli  in 
New  York  City,  the  worthy  successor  of  Father 
Raffeiner  in  his  good  work,  is  the  Rev.  Francis  J. 
Shadier. 

This  reverend  gentleman  is  a  native  of  Germany. 
He  was  born  on  the  10th  of  May,  1834.  He  came 
to  the  United  States  when  a  child,  and  grew  up  amid 
the  scenes  of  American  life.  At  a  suitable  age,  having 
made  preliminary  studies  to  fit  him  for  entrance  to  a 
university,  he  entered  our  oldest  Catholic  institution, 
Georgetown  College ;  and,  after  the  u.sual  com'se  in  that 
seat  of  learning,  resolved  to  enter  the  ecclesiastical  state 
and   devote   his   life   to   the   service   of  the  Almighty. 

''  To  ground  himself  in  that  sacred  learning  which  is 
necessary  in  one  raised  to  holy  orders,  he  went  to 
Europe,  and  pm-sued  his  divinity  studies  in  France  and 
Germany.  He  was  ordained  priest  at  Mayence,  on  the 
14th  of  August,  1864,  by  the  late  Bishop  Ketteler,  for 
the  Diocese  of  Charleston,  to  which  he  had  connected 
himself. 

Returning   to   the    United   States,    ho    began   the   exer- 
35 


546       CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

cise  of  the  ministry  in  tliat  diocese,  then  in  a  most 
disastrous  condition ;  the  civil  war  having  scattered  the 
Cathohc  body  and  left  the  State  of  South  Carolina  with 
desolated    churches    and   institutions. 

Never,  perhaps,  have  the  Catholic  priesthood  in  this 
country  had  a  more  discouraging  field  before  them  than 
that  of  our  Southern  States  after  the  war.  The  young 
priest  was  not  disheartened,  but  zealously  endeavored  to 
build  up  again  the  prostrate  clim-ch.  He  labored  on 
manfully  till  the  end  of  the  year  1872,  when  he  found 
himself  compelled  to  seek  some  other  scene  for  his 
ministiy. 

On  coming  to  New  York,  he  was  assigned  to  St. 
Nicholas'  Church,  by  the  Most  Reverend  Aixhbishop,  as 
assistant,  in  August,  1875,  and  was  appointed  pastor  in 
January,    1876. 


viliiir, 

f^  iil- 


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c; 

c 


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O 


c 


CHURCH  OF  OUR  LADY  OF  MERCY. 

FORDHAM. 


ONE  of  the  great  desires  of  the  Most  Reverend 
Arehbisho])  Hughes,  on  his  appointment  as  co- 
adjutor to  the  venerable  Bishop  Du  Bois,  was  to  estab- 
lisli  a  theological  seminary  for  the  Diocese  of  New  York. 
The  venerable  founder  of  Mount  St.  Mary's  had  in  vain 
endeavored  to  create  a  similar  institntion  after  his  ap- 
pointment as  successor  to  Bishop  Connolly.  When  his 
coadjutor  had  purchased  the  Rose  Hill  property  at  Ford- 
ham  and  opened  St.  John's  College,  the  way  seemed 
oiDen  at  last  for  endowing  the  diocese  with  an  institution 
which  woiild,  in  future,  supply  it  with  well  educated 
priests,  formed  under  learned  and  spiritual  guides  to  the 
true   sacerdotal   spirit. 

To  accommodate  the  professors  and  seminarians,  the 
Right  Reverend  John  McCloskey,  D.D.,  coadjutor,  laid 
the  corner-stone  of  a  beautiful  Gothic  seminary,  near  the 
college,    on   the   3d   day   of    April,    1845. 

It  was  not  at  first  designed  to  begin  a  church  also, 
but  the  Right  Reverend  Bishop  soon  felt  the  necessity  of 
erecting  one  of  some  size,  not  so  much  for  the  use  of 
the    Catholics    in    that    vicinity,    who   were    few   and    scat- 


CHURCH  OF  OUR  LADY  OF  MERCY.  549 

tered,  as  to  afford  those  preparing  for  the  priesthood  a 
chapel  in  which  the  services  of  the  Chm-ch  could  be 
earned  out  tlu'ough  tlie  ecclesiastical  year,  with  full  ad- 
herence to  the  rites  and  ceremonies  prescribed  in  the 
rubrics. 

The  chiu*ch  was  begun  in  the  course  of  the  spring, 
and  the  work  on  the  two  structures  went  on  simultane- 
ously till  the  fund  collected  was  exhausted.  In  a  state- 
ment or  appeal  issued  in  October,  the  Right  Reverend 
Bishop  Hughes  said :  "  The  chiu-ch,  which  is  to  be  ded- 
icated to  the  Blessed  Virgin  Mary,  is,  including  the 
tower  in  front,  one  hundred  feet  long  by  fifty  feet  wide. 
Although  it  is  a  separate  and  a  still  more  sacred  edi- 
fice than  the  seminary,  yet  both  are  essentially  parts  of 
the  same  gi-eat  work.  The  church  also  is  advanced  very 
considerably — the  walls  having  been  constructed  and  the 
roof,  though  not  yet  placed,  framed  and  ready  to  be 
put   on." 

The  church  was  soon  completed  and  dedicated. 
Among  all  the  Catholic  churches  of  the  city,  it  is,  we 
think,  the  only  one  that  can  be  said  to  have  been 
erected   directly   by   Archbishop    Hughes. 

A    Latin    poet,    the    Rev.    R.    Rainaldi,    wrote    of  it :  — 

"  Virgo  fave ;    nova  teinpla  til>i  jam  sustulit  Hughes, 
Hue  age  cum  Puero  ccelicolisqiie  veni. 
Per  te  rosarum  tumulus,  sic  nomine  prisci 
Hoc  dixere  patres,  grafior  erigitur; 


550  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Quique  prius  luillo  ignotiis  gaiulebat  honore 
Fama  modo  hunc  claro  vulgat  ubique  sono. 

Vere  novo  pictas  nectentes  flore  corollas 
Deponent  aras  ante  tuas  pueri ; 

Certatimque,  simnl  celebrantes  carmine  laudes 
Te  veniente  die,  Te  fugiente,  canent." 

When  completed,  it  was  one  of  the  most  beautiful 
churches  yet  seen,  lighted  by  six  stained-glass  windows, 
representing  St.  Peter,  St.  Paul,  and  the  fom*  Evange- 
lists. 

As  the  Cluu'ch  of  the  Seminary,  it  witnessed  the 
conferring  of  minor  orders,  and  of  the  subdiaconate  and 
diaconate,  although  the  priesthood  was  conferred  at  St. 
Patrick's    Cathedi-al. 

In  1855,  the  Right  Rev.  Dr.  Hughes,  resuming  the 
direction  of  the  seminary  and  church,  sent  the  Rev. 
Arthur  J.  Donnelly  to  act  as  procurator  of  the  institu- 
tion and  pastor  of  the  church.  The  number  of  Catho- 
lics in  the  vicinity  had  increased  to  such  an  extent  that 
a  regular  parochial  district  was  allotted,  and  it  devolved 
on  the  Rev.  Dr.  Donnelly  to  organize  this  parish.  From 
this  time  tlie  Church  of  Our  Lady  of  Mercy  appears 
regularly    in    the   list    of  the    churches    of  tlie    diocese. 

In  1857,  the  Rev.  Dr.  Donnelly  was  called  to  a 
wider  sphere,  and  the  Rev.  W.  P.  Morrogh,  superior  of 
the  seminary,  became  pastor,  and  continued  to  minister 
to  the  parish  till  the  final  closing  of  the  seminary,  in 
1860,    when,    at   the  request   of   the   Most   Reverend   Arch- 


CHUKCH  or  OUR  LADY  OF  MERCY.  551 

bishop,  the  Jesuit  Fathers  of  St.  John's  College  assumed 
the  parochial  care  of  the  congi-egation  connected  with 
the  church.  The  first  pastors  under  this  arrangement 
were  the  Rev.  Father  Isidore  Daubresse,  S.J.,  and  the 
Rev.    Father   Paul   Mignard,    S.J. 

The   Chm-ch   of    Our  Lady  of    Mercy   has     continued 
under   the   care  of  the   society   down   to   the   present  time. 

The    pastor   in    the    year    1878     is    the    Rev.    John    J. 
Fitzpatrick,  S.J.,   assisted  by  the  Rev.  Edward  Doucet,  S.J. 

Connected  with  the  church  are  several  pious  asso- 
ciations—the Society  of  the  Holy  Rosary,  the  Young 
Men's  Sodality  of  the  }3ona  Mors,  the  Ladies'  Sodality 
of  the  Blessed  Virgin,  the  Confraternity  of  the  Sacred 
Heart.  There  is  also  a  Conference  of  the  Society  of 
St.  Vincent  de  Paul,  for  the  relief  of  the  poor,  and  an 
Altar   Society. 

Within  the  district  of  the  Chm-ch  of  Our  Lady  of 
Mercy  is  the  now  venerable  institution,  St.  John's  Col- 
lege, the  oldest  Catholic  University  in  the  State ;  and  St. 
Joseph's  Select  Academy  for  Young  Ladies,  under  the 
Sisters  of  the  Hearts  of  Jesus  and  Mary;  and  also  an 
institution  for  deaf  mutes,  directed  by  the  same  community. 


552                 CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

K 

OLL    OF    H 

ONOR. 

CHURCH  OF  OUR  LADY  OF  MERCY. 

Adamson  Miss 

Finnigan,  Mrs. 

Murphy,  John. 

Bergen,  Mrs. 

Fitzgerald,  William. 

Murray,  James. 

Bradley,  Thomas. 

Gcraghty,  Bernard. 

Murray,  Patrick. 

Brady,  John. 

Geraghty,  Mary. 

Nash,  Michael. 

Burke,  Ellen. 

Ging,  James. 

Oches,  E. 

Burns,  John. 

Glynn,  John. 

Peugnet,  Eugene. 

Burns,  Joseph. 

Goleven,  Michael. 

Purroy,  Francis  M. 

Casey,  Samuel. 

Haughney,  Patrick. 

Purroy,  Henry  D. 

Cassidy,  Richard. 

Hicks,  Patrick. 

Purtell,  Anna  M.,  Mrs. 

Clare,  Margaret. 

Hogan,  John. 

Quinn,  Matthew. 

Clayton,  Michael. 

Holt,  Miss. 

Quinn,  Michael. 

Connell,  Michael. 

Houlihan,  Thomas. 

Reddington,  William. 

Connor,  Francis. 

Keeley,  John. 

Regan,  Robert. 

Coogan,  William. 

Kehoe,  Lawrence. 

Ryan,  Peter. 

Cowley,  Mrs. 

Kenealy,  Michael. 

Ryner,  John. 

Crotty,  James. 

Kerins,  Thomas. 

Savage,  John. 

Delaney,  Michael. 

Leddy,  John. 

Shally,  Thomas. 

Delany,  Denis. 

Lee,  Patrick. 

Shanly,  Patrick. 

Dobbins,  Patrick. 

Loughman,  Edward. 

Smith,  M.  P. 

Donnelly,  Michael. 

Lynch,  Mrs. 

Sullivan,  Mrs. 

Donnelly,  Patrick. 

McGuire,  Denis. 

Thompson,  John. 

Doran,  Michael. 

Mack,  Michael. 

Underwood,  John. 

Doran,  William. 

Mangan,  John. 

Ward,  Christopher. 

Dowling,  Michael. 

Martin,  Mrs. 

Webb,  Thomas. 

Downes,  Mary. 

Meagher,  Thomas. 

Weiser,  Mrs. 

Dundon,  Arthur  H 

Mooney,  Patrick. 

Windsor,  William. 

Dunne,  Thomas. 

Moore,  Joseph. 

Young,  William. 

Dyer,  John. 

Mulligan,  Edward. 

CHURCH  OF  OUR  LADY  OP  MERCY.  553 


REV.  JOHN  FITZPATRICK, 

PASTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH  OF  OUR  LADY  OF  MERCY. 


SINCE  the  blending  of  the  Diocesan  Seminary  of 
St.  Josej^h  with  the  Provincial  Seminary  established 
at  Troy,  tlie  Chiu-ch  of  Our  Lad}  of  Mercy,  formerly 
directed  for  several  years  previous  from  the  seminary,  has 
been  confided  to  the  care  of  Jesuit  Fathers  of  St.  Jolm's 
College,    amid    whose   grounds    it  stands. 

The  Reverend  Father  who  has  for  the  last  year 
performed  parochial  duties  in  this  chm-ch  is  the  Rev.  John 
Fitzpatrick.  He  was  born  July  13th,  1832,  and,  after 
a  coiu-se  of  study,  feeling  himself  called  to  the  religious 
state,   entered  the   Society   of    Jesus,   August   21st,    1857. 

Two  years  spent  in  the  retirement  of  a  novitiate,  de- 
voted to  prayer  and  spiritual  exercises,  are  followed  by 
the  scholastic  vows.  Then  the  yoimg  Jesuit  is  either 
assigned  to  duty  as  teacher  or  prefect  in  one  of  the 
colleges  of  the  order  or  pursues  at  once  the  studies 
M'hich   are    to  prepare    him    for   priestly  ordination. 

Father  Fitzpatrick  received  holy  orders  apparently 
about  the  year  18G8.  In  that  year  he  was  stationed  at 
the  Church  of  St.  Joseph,  Troy,  as  assistant  pastor,  and 
acquired    general     esteem     by   his    modesty    and    zeal,    as 


554  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

well  as  liis  devotedness  to  every  duty  of  a  priest.  In 
1870  he  was  appointed  vice-president  of  St.  Jolm's  Col- 
lege, Fordham,  and  as  Prefect  of  Discipline  had  the  gen- 
eral super\'ision  of  the  students.  This  responsible  position 
he  filled  for  several  years.  The  prosperity  of  the  college 
during  this  period  attests  his  fitness  for  the  administration 
of  a  large  educational  estabHshment,  and  his  knowledge 
of  the  young.  In  1875  he  was  again  engaged  in  mis- 
sionary work,  at  his  old  parish  in  Troy,  and  in  1877  was 
selected  to  act  as  parish  priest  of  Our  Lady  of  Mercy, 
where   he   now   exercises   the   ministry  most  acceptably. 


CHURCH    OF    OUR    LADY    OF  THE  SEVEN    DOLORS. 

PITT   STUEET. 


CHURCH  OF  OUR  LADY  OF  THE  SEVEN  DOLORS 
(OUR  LADY  OF  SORROWS). 


PITT    STREET. 


THIS  church,  one  of  the  most  recently  erected  for 
the  use  of  the  German  Cathohcs  of  the  city,  is 
due  to  the  zeal  of  the  Capuchin  Fathers,  who  are  a 
branch  of  the  great  Franciscan  family.  They  were  no 
strangers  in  this  country,  having  labored  in  Nova  Scotia, 
]\Iaine,  and  Louisiana,  in  the  days  of  French  and  Spanish 
colonial  rule,  and  gave  an  early  bishop  in  the  South, 
as  well  as  in  our  day  an  archbishop  in  the  British 
Provinces. 

The  recent  establishment  of  the  order  in  this  country 
is  due  to  two  secular  priests — Rev.  Messrs.  Haas  and 
Frey — who  came  to  this  country  in  1856,  with  a  view 
of  forming  a  community  under  the  Capuchin  rule.  Bisliop 
Henni  of  Milwaukee  welcomed  them  to  his  diocese.  The 
General  of  the  order  deputed  Father  Anthony  Maria  to 
admit  them,  and  direct  them  during  their  novitiate.  The 
Convent  of  Calvary  in  Wisconsin  arose  in  Fond  du  Lac 
County,  and  God  blessed  the  new  comniunity.  A  second 
convent   and    chiu'ch   were    established   in    Milwaukee. 


CHURCH  OF  OUR  LADY  OF  SEVEN  DOLORS.  557 

Rev.  Father  Bonaventura  Frey  then  came  to  New- 
York,  and  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  McCloskey, 
beheving  that  his  order  could  perfoi-m  a  good  work 
among  the  German  population  of  the  city,  authorized 
him   to    commence    the    erection    of  a   chmx-h. 

With  the  approval  of  his  Grace,  Father  Bonaventura 
selected  the  eastern  part  of  the  city,  within  the  limits 
of  old  St.  Mary's.  A  structm-e  of  some  size,  used  as  a 
saloon,  was  obtained  for  use  as  the  temporaiy  chapel, 
and  was  soon  fitted  up  by  the  zeal  and  energy  of  Father 
Bonaventiu:a.  Three  lots  of  gi-omid  were  then  purchased 
on  Pitt  Sti-eet,  between  Rivington  and  Stanton  Streets, 
and  on  the  15tli  of  August,  1867,  the  comer-stone  of  a 
church,  to  be  erected  under  the  invocation  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin  of  the  Seven  Dolors,  was  laid  by  the  Most  Rev- 
erend  Archbishop    McCloskey. 

By  the  exertions  of  the  Rev.  Father  Bonaventura  col- 
lections were  made  to  carry  on  the  work,  and  the  chui'ch, 
a  structure  of  brick,  supported  by  stone  pillars,  lighted  by 
one  of  the  largest  cupolas  then  in  the  city,  was  soon  com- 
pleted. It  is  built  in  the  Byzantine  style  of  architectm-e, 
and  is  one  hundi-ed  feet  long  by  sixty-six  feet  wide,  and 
wall  accommodate  twelve  hundi-ed  people.  The  inte- 
rior is  very  neat,  and  the  beautiful  altar  is  surmounted 
by  an  elegant  pieta,  a  statue  of  Om-  Blessed  Lady  hold- 
ing the  lifeless  body  of  her  Divine  Son  —  a  w^ork  of  art 
presented   to   Father  Bonaventm-a  by  the  King  of  Bavaria. 


558  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  chiu'cli  was  dedicated  on  the  Gth  of  Septem- 
ber, 18G8,  by  the  Most  Rev.  Archbishop  McCloskey.  After 
the  impressive  ceremony,  a  Solemn  Iligli  ]\Iass  was  offered 
by  the  Rev.  Maximus  Leimgruber  of  the  congregation 
of  the  Most  Holy  Redeemer,  rector  of  their  chnreh  in 
Third  Street,  assisted  by  the  Rev.  Adam  Tonner  of  tlie 
Church  of  St.  Nicholas.  A  sermon  in  German  was  de- 
livered by  a  Capuchin  Father.  At  the  close  of  the  holy 
sacrifice,  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  addressed  the  peo- 
ple in  earnest  and  eloquent  words.  lie  congratulated  the 
congregation  on  the  completion  of  the  holy  work  in  which 
they  had  been  engaged  for  upAvards  of  a  year,  under 
the  direction  of  the  pious  Capuchin  Fathers.  The  chiu-ch 
had  been  dedicated  to  the  Most  High,  and  was  no  longer 
man's  dwelling,  but  the  House  of  Cod.  All  had  been 
said  that  required  to  be  said  in  language  that  went  home 
to  the  hearts  of  every  one  present  —  the  language  in 
which  they  had  learned  to  pronounce  the  sacred  name 
of  Jesus,  the  language  in  which  they  were  taught  the 
rudiments  of  their  religion,  and  lisjied  as  childi-en  the 
name  of  ]\Iary.  It  was  not  more  dear  to  them  now 
that  they  heard  it  beneath  the  beautiful  dome  of  the 
noble  edifice  in  which  they  were  worshiping.  No  build- 
ing made  with  hands  could  lend  greater  importance  to 
the  spoken  words  of  truth,  but  it  was  a  language  inex- 
pressibly dear  to  them,  by  reason  of  the  hope  that  it 
gave   and   the    faith    it    taught.      Henceforth    the    building 


CnUECH  OF  OUE  LADY  OF  SEVEN  DOLOES.  559 

would  \k'^  ii  liouse  of  prayer,  tlie  temple  of  God,  iiud, 
lie  lioi:)ed,  to  many  thousands  of  those  now  wallvhig  in 
darkness,  the  very  kingdom  of  heaven  for  themselves 
and   their    children. 

A  dense  Catholic  congregation  soon  clustered  aroiind 
the  cluu'ch,  and  the  reverend  founder  summoned  two 
Fathers  from  the  West  to  join  him  in  the  labors  of  the 
new    German    parochial  district. 

The  establishing  of  schools  was  one  of  the  first  cares 
of  Father  Bonaventura.  Wliile  the  chm-ch  was  still  heavily 
in  debt,  it  was  found  impossible  to  j^ay  the  exorbitant 
price  demanded  for  a  site  required  for .  the  schools,  so  that 
for  the  time  being  the  basement  of  the  chxu-ch  served 
as    class-rooms. 

Father  Bonaventura  was  soon  after  requested  by  his 
Grace  the  Ai-chbishop  to  assume  the  direction  of  the 
Chinch  of  St.  John  the  Baptist,  and  was  succeeded  at 
Om-  Lady  of  the  Seven  Dolors  by  the  Rev.  Father 
Laurentius,  Vorwerk,  who  is  at  present  the  zealous  pastoi*. 
He  was  able  to  cany  out  the  original  design,  and  at  a 
reasonable  price   pm'chased    ground  for   the    school-houses. 

Under  the  Rev.  Father  Ivo  Prass,  O.  Min.  Cap.,  the 
next  pastor,  the  dome  was  adorned  with  paintings  of  the 
Seven  Dolors  of  the  Blessed  Virgin,  by  the  artist  M. 
Lang ;  and  he  also  erected  the  fine  school-house  attached 
to  the  chui-ch.  This  institution  now  contains  tlu'ee  hun- 
dred  and    twenty-five   boys,  under   the    Brothers    of    I^Iary, 


5G0  CATHOLIC  CHUECHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

and  three  hundred  and  fifty  girls,  who  are  taught  by 
the    Dominican    Sisters,  who    came   from    WiUiamsbiu'gh. 

The  next  pastor  was  the  Rev.  Father  Joseph  Pickl, 
a  native  of  Bavai-ia,  born  in  tliat  Catholic  kingdom  on 
the  14th  of  September,  1846.  He  was  ordained  priest  by 
the  Most  Reverend  John  Martin  Henni,  D.D.,  in  Mil- 
waukee, on  the  7th  day  of  November,  1875 ;  and  was 
appointed  pastor  of  the  Church  of  om-  Lady  of  the 
Seven   Dolors   in   February,    1876. 

Father  Pickl  was  succeeded  in  1878  by  the  present 
pastor,  the  Rev.  P.  Laurentius  Vorwerk,  0.  Min.  Cap.,  who 
thus  returned  to  tliis  parish,  where  he  had  ah'eady  won 
the   esteem   of  all. 


Roll  of  Honor. 


Mrs.  Catherine  Stiehler,  George  Adrian. 


CHUECH  OF  OUR  LADY  OF  SEVEN  DOLORS.  561 


REV.   FATHER    P.   LAURENTIUS    VORWERK, 
O.   MIN.   CAR, 

SUPERIOR  AT  THE  CHURCH  OF  OUR  LADY  OF  THE  SEVEN  DOLORS. 


THE    Reverend    Capuchin    Father  now   du-ecthig   the 
Chm-ch    of  Our   Lady    of    Sorrows     is    an    Ameri- 
can  member   of    the   venerable   association   who   direct   the 


congregation. 


Father  P.  Laurentius  Vorwerk,  0.  Min.  Cap.,  was  bom 
in  Burhngton,  Iowa,  on  the  15th  of  August,  1841  ;  and, 
resisting  tlie  attractions  of  the  world,  which  appeal  so 
strongly  to  American  youth,  to  each  of  whom  the  most 
brilliant  futm'e  seems  easy  and  possible,  this  young  man 
resolved  to  give  himself  to  God,  and  to  embrace  a  life 
of  poverty  and  humility  under  the  rule  of  St.  Francis  in 
the  habit  of  the  Capuchin  Order.  After  pursuing  his 
studies  at  the  Calvary  College,  Wisconsin,  he  was  ordain- 
ed by  Archbishop  Henni  of  Milwaukee,  on  the  22d  of 
May,  18G9,  and  soon  showed  not  only  zeal  and  piety  as  a 
priest,  but  abilities  of  no  common  order  in  the  adminis- 
tration of  affairs. 

He  was  selected  by  Very  Rev.  F.  Bonaventura  to 
succeed  him  in  the  Chui-ch  of  Om-  Lady  of  Soitows, 
but  after  a  time  was  called  away  to  imdertake  an  im- 
portant work  in  the  Diocese  of  Milwaukee.  The  Church 
36 


562  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

of  St.  Francis,  Milwaukee,  was  a  poor  frame  building, 
no  longer  adapted  to  the  wants  of  the  congregation. 
Father  Laurentius  soon  aroused  the  zeal  and  energy  of 
the  people,  and  erected  a  new  Byzantine  chui'ch  —  one 
of  the  finest  in  Wisconsin — after  designs  by  the  archi- 
tect, W.  Schickel,  of  New  York,  with  a  neat  convent 
for  the  Fathers,  and  established  schools  to  accommo- 
date the  children  of  the  growing  congregation.  After 
remaining  here  some  time  as  Guardian  of  the  Convent 
and  pastor  of  the  congregation,  he  was,  in  1878,  to  the 
regret  of  his  people,  called  from  them  to  resume  his 
more   humble   labors    at   the    Chm-ch    of  Our   Lady. 

The  assistant  priests  within  the  last  year  have  been 
Rev.  Father  Paschalis  Straub,  0.  Min.  Cap. ;  Rev.  Father 
Bruno    Schmitz,    0.   Min'.   Cap. ;     and   Father   Bernardino. 

The  zealous  Fathers  have  established  the  Third  Or- 
der of  St.  Francis  in  then*  parish,  a  real  religious  order, 
with  a  rule  adapted  by  the  serapliic  founder  himself  for 
persons  living  in  the  world,  and  em-iched  by  the  Sov- 
ereign Pontiffs  with  many  special  favors.  The  Third 
Order  of  St.  Francis  boasts  of  many  saints  in  all  ranks 
and  classes,  from  kings  and  queens  on  theii'  thrones  to 
the  humblest  degree  in  life.  There  are  also  in  the 
Chm-ch  of  Our  Lady,  Rosary  and  Altar  Societies,  and 
several   approved   sodalities. 

To  relieve  the  poor  there  has  been  organized  a  con- 
ference  of   the   excellent   Society   of   St.   Vincent   de   Paul. 


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1-3 


CHURCH  OF  SAINT  PAUL. 

EAST  ONE  HUNDKEU  AND   SEVENTEENTH  STREET,  HARLEM. 


FOR  many  years,  as  we  have  seen  in  these  sketches, 
the  Cathedral  of  St.  Patrick  was  the  only  chmch 
north  of  Canal  Street.  Some  of  the  priests  attached  to 
it  had  to  attend  all  the  Catholics  scattered  in  the  upper 
part  of  the  island,  and  along  the  North  River  and 
Long  Island  Sound.  Mass  was  said  occasionall}'  in  houses 
or  barns,  where  a  number  could  be  gathered  together ; 
and  when  a  summons  came  for  a  priest  to  attend  the  sick 
or  d}'ing,  one  would  set  out,  not  aided  by  raih'oads  as 
now,  but  by  such  conveyance  as  he  could  procm-e,  and 
make  his  way  thi-ough  snow  or  storm  to  the  dying 
Catholic.  The  Cathedral  was,  in  fact,  the  resource  of  a 
large  inu-al  district,  and  many  of  the  priests  connected 
with  it  attended  Catholics  in  the  upper  part  of  the 
island.  Harlem,  which  from  the  Dutch  times  had  been 
a  hamlet  by  itself,  became  a  centre  where,  as  population 
increased,  the  mmiber  of  Catholics  became  more  apparent. 
Mass  was  occasionally  offered  in  hired  halls  or  private 
houses  till  the  year  1834,  when  the  Right  Reverend 
Bishop  Du  Bois   resolved   to  establish   a  clnu-ch   there  with 


CUURCH  OF  ST.  PAUL.  565 

a  resident  jiriest  who  could  from  that  centre  minister  to 
the    faithful    in    various    directions. 

He  selected  for  the  position  the  Rev.  Michael  Cur- 
ran,  who  had  been  a  zealous  laborer  in  the  mountains  of 
Pennsylvania,  and  who  had  come  warmly  recommended 
to  the  Bishop  of  New  York  by  I^-ince  Dmitri  Galitzin. 
One  incident  recorded  by  the  late  Thomas  Darcy  ]\IcGee 
will  best  show  the  priest.  "During  the  cholera  of  1832, 
he  was  called  to  attend  a  man  and  his  wife  who  were  at 
the  point  of  death  on  one  of  the  highest  peaks  of  the 
Alleghanies.  Tying  his  horse  to  a  tree,  when  he  could 
urge  him  on  no  further,  he  climbed  on  hands  and  feet 
to  the  miserable  shanty  on  the  summit.  Here  he  found 
the  woman  lying  dead,  with  an  infant  sucking  at  her 
breast;  the  man  ho  had  barely  time  to  hear  and  to 
absolve.  Taking  up  the  helpless  babj-,  he  wrapped  it 
in  his  cloak,  and  carried  it  a  considerable  distance  to  the 
next  habitation.  He  committed  it  to  the  charity  of  those 
good  people,  by  whom  both  the  parents  were  interred. 
He  retained  a  watchful  care  over  his  orphan  for  years, 
and  when  he  died,  she  was  a  full  grown  woman  in 
Pittsburgh,    a    credit   to  her  early   benefactor." 

Such  was  the  priest  commissioned  to  found  a  church 
at  Harlem.  A  site  was  soon  selected  and  jnu-chased, 
on  One  Himdred  and  Seventeenth  Street,  between  Third 
and  Fom-th  Avenues.  The  corner-stone  of  the  new  church 
was    laid   here    on   the  29th  of   June,    1835,   by    the   Right 


566  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Rev.  Bishop  Du  Bois,  and  an  eloquent  and  appropriate 
discourse  was  delivered  on  the  occasion  by  the  Rev.  Dr. 
Charles  C.  Pise.  A  large  quantity  of  building  stone  had 
been  procured,  the  plans  for  the  modest  Clmrch  of  St. 
Paul  were  ready,  and  an  advertisement  was  at  once  is- 
sued   for   proposals   for   the   masonry    and    carpenter   work. 

The  cluu'ch,  by  the  zeal  of  its  pastor,  was  soon 
completed,    and   to  a   great   extent   paid   for. 

It  was  solemnly  dedicated,  and  soon  had  a  numerous 
attendance. 

From  Harlem  the  pastoral  labors  of  the  Rev.  Mr. 
CmTan  extended  thi-oughout  Westchester  and  over  two- 
thirds  of  the  present  Brooklyn  diocese.  "  Where  there 
are  now,"  said  Mr.  McGee,  in  1856,  "  twenty  flomishing 
chiu'ches  with  resident  priests,  there  was  then  not  one. 
Mass  was  celebrated  in  private  houses,  in  rented  halls, 
and  in  barns.  A  numerous  dispersed  population  were  to 
be  cared  for  and  called  in.  Mr.  Curran's  j)opular  man- 
ner, his  old-fashioned  frankness,  his  knowledge  of  the 
Irish  tongue,  again  enabled  him  to  be  of  the  highest 
service." 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Cm-ran  remained  at  St.  Paul's  till  the 
year  1843,  when  he  went  to  Ireland,  and  on  his  return 
founded  the  chiu'ch  at  Astoria,  where  he  died,  November 
27,   1856. 

He  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  John  Walsh,  who 
was    the    zealous   pastor    of    Harlem   till    1853,    when    the 


CHUECH  OF  ST.  PAUL.  567 

Rev.    George    R.    Bropliy   was   appointed,    and   for    thirteen 
years   ministered    to    the    Catholics    in    that    district. 

On  In's  retiring  in  1866,  the  Rev.  Eugene  Maguire 
was  chosen  by  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop,  and  lias 
since  directed  the  clnirch  to  the  satisfaction  of  all.  He 
has  been  an  active  and  energetic  pastor.  He  introduced 
the  Sisters  of  Charity,  for  whom  he  erected  a  residence. 
He  bnilt  large  and  commodions  school-houses,  and  in 
1871  enlarged  the  clnu'ch,  making  it  one  of  the  most 
commodious  and  comfortable  in  the  outer  parts  of  the 
city.  The  rededication  of  St.  Paul's  Church  was  per- 
foi-med  on  Sunday,  the  Otli  of  July,  1871,  by  the  Most 
Reverend  Archbishop  McCloskey,  assisted  by  many  of 
the  most  eminent  clergymen  of  the  diocese,  who  came 
to  honor  this  restoration  of  comparatively  one  of  our 
older   cluu'clies. 

After  the  ceremony  prescribed  by  the  ritual  had 
been  performed  by  his  Gi-ace,  a  Solemn  High  Mass  was 
offered  by  the  Very  Rev.  William  Starrs,  Vicar  General, 
Avith  Rev.  Thomas  Mooney  of  St.  Bridget's  as  deacon, 
Rev.  H.  P.  Baxter  as  subdeacon,  and  the  Rev.  Francis 
McNeirny,  master  of  ceremonies.  The  churcb  was  most 
attractive  in  its  new  and  improved  condition:  the  altar 
was  loaded  with  flowers  contributed  ])j  the  Ladies  of 
the  Sacred  Heart,  Manhattanville.  The  music,  a  mass  by 
Bernardi,  was  rendered  with  great  skill,  under  the  direc- 
tion   of   Dr.    Daly,    the    accomplished    oi'ganist. 


568  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  sermon  was  preaclaed  by  the  Rev.  Mr.  O'Far- 
rell  of  St.  Peter's  Church,  his  text  being  from  the  Apo- 
calypse (xx.  2).  Before  giving  his  episcopal  benediction, 
his  Grace  also  addressed  the  multitude,  who  filled  the 
church,  congratulating  them  on  the  improvement  of  their 
edifice,  and  the  general  zeal  manifested  in  the  spii-itual 
growth    of  the    parish. 

The  parish  of  St.  Paul's  has  several  sodalities  and 
a  flourishing  rosary  society  amongst  its  members,  while 
the  altar  shows  the  zeal  of  the  ladies  of  the  society 
devoted  to  its  care  and  adornment.  There  is  a  well- 
sustained  temperance  society,  and  tlie  conference  of  the 
Society  of  St.  Vincent  de  Paul  is  well  organized  and 
active. 

The  schools,  under  the  care  of  the  Sisters  of  Charity, 
number  about   nine    hundred    cliildi-en. 


y.2. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  PAUL.  5Gy 


REV.    EUGENE    MAGUIRE, 

PASTOR  OF  THE  CHURCH  OF  ST.  PAUL,  HARLEM. 


WE  regret  deeply  our  inability  to  ascertain  the 
time  and  place  of  the  birth,  or  any  j)articu- 
lars  of  tlie  earl}-  life  of  one  of  the  oldest  clergymen 
connected  with  tlie  Catholic  cluu'ches  in  New  York  City, 
who  has  labored  steadily  in  the  diocese,  from  his  ordi- 
nation, in  city  parishes  and  in  rural  districts,  for  more 
than    a    quarter    of  a    century. 

He  was  educated  for  the  priesthood  at  St.  Joseph's 
Seminary,  Fordham,  and  was  ordained  by  the  Right 
Reverend    Bishop    Plughes    on    the    80th    of  May,    1847. 

His  first  appointment  was  that  of  assistant  in  the 
large  parish  of  St.  James,  Brooklyn,  since  tlie  cathedral 
parish  of  that  episcopal  city.  In  1848,  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Higgins,  of  Westchester,  being  compelled  to  seek  a  tem- 
porary respite  on  account  of  ill  health,  the  Rev.  Mr. 
Maguire  was  sent  to  St.  Raymond's  Chm-ch,  assuming 
charge  also  of  the  congi'egation  at  Throgg's  Neck.  He 
remained  as  permanent  pastor  till  the  year  1853,  when 
he  was  made  parish  priest  of  St.  Mary's  Church  at 
Rondout. 

After    a   short    stay    at   that    ])oint    he    was    transferred 


570  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK 

to  the  Chiu'cli  of  the  Immaculate  Conception  at  Yon- 
kers,  where  he  continued  during  the  year  1854  and  tlie 
following  year.  He  has  since  been  connected  with 
chiu-ches  Avithin  the  limits  of  the  city,  so  that  he  is 
well  and  widely  known.  In  1857,  he  was  assistant  at 
St.  Joseph's  Church  on  Sixth  Avenue;  from  1858  to 
1862,  at  the  Church  of  the  Immaculate  Conception  in 
Fom-teenth  Street;  from  1862  to  1866,  at  St.  Patrick's 
Cathedral. 

From  the  last  date  he  has  been  pastor  of  St.  Paul's 
Church   at   Harlem,    a   period    of  twelve   years. 

The  improvements  in  the  chm-ch,  and  the  flourishing 
state  of  the  society  connected  with  the  chm-ch,  show 
that  his   ministry   has   not   been   a   barren   one. 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  PAUL,                               571 

Roll  of  H 

ONOR. 

Barry,  John. 

Farrell,  Thomas. 

McCarthy,  Eugene,  Mrs. 

Beruey,  Patrick,  Mrs. 

Farrelly,  James. 

McCue,  Magdalena. 

Bissicks,  Joseph. 

Ferrigan,  Patrick  F. 

McGinnis,  Robert. 

Blundel,  Fanny,  Mrs. 

Flyiin,  James  S. 

McGowan,  M.  Milmo. 

Boyland,  James. 

Fox,  Michael. 

McGuire,  Henry. 

Breslin,  Patrick. 

Gaffney,  James  H. 

McGuire,  Patrick. 

Buggy,  John. 

Gearon,  Michael. 

McNamee,  John. 

Burke,  Michael. 

Gilligan,  Patrick. 

McParlan,  Thomas. 

Byrnes,  Wilham. 

Green,  Maggie. 

McSorley,  John  A. 

Carey,  Peter  C. 

Halloran,  John. 

Madden,  John. 

Carson,  James. 

Halpin,  John. 

Meehan,  John. 

Coates,  W.  J. 

Halpin,  Thomas. 

Miller,  John  R. 

Coffey,  Thomas. 

Harney,  Thomas. 

Molly,  William. 

Coman,  John  M. 

Hayes,  Thomas  F. 

Moore,  James. 

Connell,  Hugh  G. 

Hays,  Daniel. 

Moore,  John. 

Connolly,  John  H. 

Heffernan,  Joseph. 

Mullen,  Thomas. 

Conyngham,  Daniel. 

Heffernan,  Rodger. 

Murray,  John. 

Coogan,  Hugh. 

Hickey,  John. 

Nagle,  William. 

Coyle,  Elizabeth,  Mrs. 

Higgins,  Jeremiah. 

Nevins,  Patrick. 

Cronin,  Patrick. 

Hogan,  William  F. 

Nolan,  John. 

Crowley,  James. 

Holland,  Edward. 

Norris,  James. 

Cullen,  John. 

Hughes,  James. 

O'Brien,  John. 

Daly,  Lawrence. 

Hughes,  Matthew. 

O'Donnell,  Edmund  B. 

Davin,  Norah. 

Hughes,  William. 

O'Kane,  Peter. 

Deady,  Daniel  C. 

Keegan,  James. 

O'Reilly,  Dominick. 

Dealy,  William  J. 

Kehoe,  James. 

Point,  Emanuel. 

Dobbins,  James. 

Kelly,  Bernard. 

Quigley,  Daniel  J. 

Dobbins,  John. 

Kelly,  Edward  E. 

Regan,  Daniel. 

Dolan,  Stephen. 

Kelly,  James. 

Regan,  James. 

Donethy,  John. 

Lally,  John  M. 

Reilly,  John. 

Donohue,  Patrick. 

Lalor,  James  F. 

Royston,  Joshua  T. 

Donovan,  Timothy. 

Lalor,  Julia  A.,  Mrs. 

Ryan,  Patrick. 

Duffy,  Constantine. 

Lalor,  Patrick  H. 

Shandley,  Christopher. 

Dunn,  Thomas. 

Lambert,  Charles. 

Slavin,  Daniel. 

Dwyer,  ^ohn. 

Laughlin,  Daniel. 

Sullivan,  John. 

Edwards,  John. 

Leddy,  Timothy. 

Sullivan,  Michael. 

Falvey,  Dennis. 

Lennon,  Thomas. 

Walsh,  James. 

Farrell,  Andrew  F. 

McCann,  Margaret. 

Weston,  Cornelius. 

CHURCH  OF  SAINT  PAUL  THE  APOSTLE. 

WEST    FIFTY-NINTH    STREET. 


CHURCH  OF  SALNT   PAUL  THE  APOSTLE. 

WEST   FIFTY-NINTH    STREET,    NEAR   NINTH    AVENUE. 


ONE  of  the  best  known  of  our  city  cliurches  is 
tliat  of  the  so-called  Paulist  Fathers,  erected 
under  the  title  of  "  St.  Paul  the  Apostle,"  situated  on 
the  block  fronting  Ninth  Avenue,  between  Fifty-ninth  and 
Sixtieth  Streets.  The  original  chiu-ch  no  longer  exists ; 
it  having  comprised  the  two  lower  stories  of  the  build- 
ing now  Avholly  occupied  by  the  Fathers  as  a  convent, 
the  corner-stone  of  which  was  laid  by  the  ]\Iost  Rev. 
Ai-chbishop  Hughes,  on  Trinity  Sunday,  June  lOtli,  1859, 
and  formally  opened  and  blessed  for  divine  worship  by 
the  Very  Rev.  William  StaiTs,  Vicar  General,  on  the 
first  Sunday  of  Advent,  November  27  th  of  the  same 
year.  This  biiilding  was  twice  enlarged  to  accommodate 
the  rapidly  increasing  niimber  of  parishioners,  the  first 
addition  being  made  in  1861,  and  the  second  in  1865. 
Thus  enlarged,  the  seat  accommodation  amounted  to 
thirteen  hundi'ed.  The  parochial  limits  assigned  to  this 
chiu-ch  at  its  opening  were  \^'idely  extended,  embracing 
all  the  upper  part  of  the  city  on  the  west  side  from 
Fifty-second  Street  to  Manhattanville,  and  from  Sixth 
Avenue    to    the    North    River.     The    Catholic   population    at 


574  CATnOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

the  time  was,  however,  small,  and  the  Missionary  Fathers 
who  made  it  their  headquarters  had  to  collect  funds  all 
over  the  country  to  enable  them  to  erect  their  convent 
and    temporary    church. 

About  the  year  18G6,  the  parishioners  living  between 
this  chm-cli  and  Manhattanville  secured  for  themselves  a 
site  for  a  new  church,  and  the  present  Clnu-ch  of  the 
Holy  Name  of  Jesus,  situated  at  the  junction  of  the 
Boulevard  and  Ninety-seventh  Street,  was  built,  and 
given  in  charge  of  the  Rev.  Richard  Brennan,  formerly 
pastor  at  Port  Jervis.  The  line  of  division  between  this 
new  parish  and  that  of  the  Paulist  Fathers  was  placed 
at  Seventy-fifth  Street.  In  the  year  1876,  another  new 
parish  was  formed  by  his  Eminence  the  Cai'dinal  Arch- 
bishop McCloskey,  and  tlie  ])resent  Chm-ch  of  the  Sacred 
Heart,  situated  in  Fifty-first  Street,  was  opened.  To 
form  the  parish  limits  of  this  latter  chm-ch,  the  parish 
of  the  Paulist  Fathers  was  again  cm-tailed,  and  the  line 
of  division  on  the  south  was  placed  at  Fifty-fom-th 
Street.  The  portion  thus  cut  off  contained  about  one- 
third  of  the  whole  number  of  parishioners  attached  to 
the  Church  of  St.  Paul  the  Apostle.  In  the  present 
year  (1878),  the  number  of  souls  in  the  parish  is  esti- 
mated   at   six   thousand   five   hundred. 

The  chm-ch  now  used  for  divine  worship  is  a 
temporary  wooden  structm-e,  one  hundred  feet  square, 
facing  on  Sixtieth    Street,    between   Ninth   and   Tenth  Ave- 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  PAUL  THE  ArOSTLE.  575 

nues,  opened  for  use  on    January    213 tli,    1877.      Its  seating 
capacity   is    one    thousand,    but   the    wide    aisles    left    unoc- 
cupied  by  pews    give    standing   room    for   almost    as    many 
more.       An    unusual    proportion    of    the    room   is    occupied 
by    the     sanctuary,    it    being    twenty-five    feet    wide    and 
extending    across    the    whole    liuikling,    one    hundi-ed    feet. 
The    use    of    so    much    room   is    demanded    Ijy  the    choral 
arrangements     and      the     imposing     ritual     ceremonies     for 
which   this    church   has    always    been   remarkable,  and    par- 
ticulai-ly    so     since     the     year     1870,    Avhen    the    Gregorian 
Chant  was   adopted   by  the    Fathers    as    the    ruling    melody 
for    all     their     church     services.       In     the     centre     of     the 
sanctuary    stands    the  high    altar,  flanked  on  either  side  by 
four    rows     of     black-walnut     choir     stalls.        On    the     left 
stands   the    altar   of  the    Blessed   Virgin    and   slu-ine  of  the 
Sacred    Heart.       On     the    right   is    the    organ,    in    front    of 
which    are    the    altars    of    St.    Joseph    and    St.    Justinus    the 
Martyr,     and    shrine     of    Our     Lady    of    Lom-des.       Thi-ee 
lamps  are  kept  per^jetually  burning — one  before  the  Blessed 
Sacrament,  another   before    the  shrine  of  the  Sacred  Heart, 
and   a   third    before    the  altar  of  St.    Justinus,  under  which 
repose    the    relics  of  that   martyr,  exhumed   from    the    cata- 
combs.     From    the    time    of  the    erection    of  the    shrine    of 
Our   Lady   of    Loiu'des,    December    8th,    1874,    the    people 
have    continued    to    exhibit   very  great    devotion   to    it — by 
prayers   said    before  it,    and   by  the   offering  of  votive  wax 
tapers,    Avhich   are   to   be   seen  burning   there  every  day  in 


576  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

the  year.  There  are,  perhaps,  but  few  churches  in  the 
United  States,  or  even  in  Europe,  wliei'O  the  ceremonial 
of  the  sacred  rites  of  the  Cathohc  Chiu'ch  are  more 
strictly  observed  or  more  decorously  performed  than  in 
this  unpretentious  edifice.  Indeed,  it  is  a  special  point 
of  the  rule  of  the  Paulist  community,  that  in  all  churches 
over  which  they  may  have  control,  the  Roman  ritual 
shall    be    obsei'ved    to    the    very    letter. 

Between  the  present  temporary  chm-ch  and  Ninth 
Avenue,  a  new  clnu'ch  of  vast  proportions  is  already 
being  built.  The  walls  of  the  basement  are  now  finished 
to  the  height  of  twenty  feet.  Its  general  dimensions  are 
as   follows :  — 

Total  length,  284  feet;  total  width,  128  feet;  length 
of  nave  and  aisles,  178  feet;  widtli  of  the  nave,  60 
feet ;  width  of  the  aisles,  each  1 0  feet ;  twelve  side 
chapels,  each  12  by  20  feet ;  chapel  of  the  Blessed 
Virgin,  25  by  20  feet ;  chapel  of  St.  Joseph,  25  by 
20  feet ;  width  and  depth  of  the  sanctuary,  60  feet ;  two 
towers,  each  300  feet.  Capacit)^,  seats  for  2,500  persons 
and  standing  room  for  1,500  more.  The  great  sanctuary 
will  contain  choir  stalls  for  120  clergy  and  senior  chor- 
isters, and  for  200  boy  choristers.  There  are  to  be 
twelve  or  more  confessionals,  where  confessions  will  l)e 
heard  every  day.  The  architect  is  Mr.  Jeremiah 
O'Rourke  of  Newark,  New  Jersey.  The  designs  show  a 
building    of  massive    and    imposing    proportions,    but   plain 


CHUKCH  OF  ST.  PAUL  THE  APOSTLE.  577 

and  very  sparing-  uf  expensive  ornamental  work  on  tlio 
exterior. 

On  the  20tli  of  February,  1875,  the  Holy  Father 
Poi)e  Pius  IX.  was  gi'aciously  pleased  to  bestow  liis 
apostolic  benediction  upon  the  Paulist  Fathers,  and  also 
upon  all  who  should  contribute  towards  the  biulding  of 
their  new  church.  The  ceremony  of  the  solemn  bless- 
ing- and  laying  of  the  first  stone  of  this  magnificent  struc- 
ture took  place  on  the  feast  of  Pentecost,  June  4th, 
1876,  in  presence  of  a  vast  multitude  of  people,  num- 
bering over  eleven  thousand  five  hundi-ed,  as  was  ascer- 
tained by  actual  count ;  each  person  being-  presented  -with 
a  small  tract  descriptive  of  the  new  chm-ch,  as  they  ap- 
proached by  the  different  avenues  and  streets  leading  to 
the  place.  The  ceremony  was  performed  by  the  lit. 
Rev.  Michael  A.  Corrigan,  D.D.,  Bishop  of  Newark,  and 
the  sermon  was  preached  by  the  Rev.  J.  L.  Spalding, 
D.D.,    now    the  Bishop    of  Peoria. 

The  founders  of  the   Church   of  St.    Paul  the   Apostle 

were    the    Rev.    Fathers    Isaac    T.    Hecker,    Augustine    F. 

Hewit,    George     Deshon,    and   Francis  'A.    Baker,    who,   by 

decree   of  the   Holy  Father   Pope   Pius   IX.,    bearing   date 

March  6th,  1858,  were  pemiitted   to  leave  the  congregation 

of    the    Most    Holy   Redeemer,    of   which    they   had    been 

members,  in  order  that  they  might  be  at  liberty  to  form    a 

new  congregation  of  Missionary  Priests,  of  which  the  Rev. 

Father   Hecker    was  elected   superior,  and  became  the   first 
37 


578  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

pastor  of  the  church,  which  received  the  same  name  as 
that  of  their  rehgious  community.  Being  the  first  com- 
munity of  Missionary  Priests  founded  in  the  United' 
States,  and  all  its  originators  being  native  bom  Ameri- 
cans, few  places  may  be  said  to  possess  more  interest 
for  American  Catholics  than  the  Church  and  Community 
of  St.  Paul  the  Apostle.  The  labors  of  Father  Hecker 
and  his  associates  are  widely  known  and  justly  appreciated, 
and  have  made  their  mark  in  the  history  of  the  Catho- 
lic Church  of  the  United  States.  Their  missions,  lectures, 
publications,  and  other  works,  have  brought  them  most 
prominently  before  the  American  people.  The  Catholic 
World  magazine,  wliich  they  created  and  have  sustained 
for  so  many  years,  has  worthily  obtained  a  high  place 
among  the  periodicals  of  this  country  and  Em-ope,  and, 
together  with  their  other  literary  labors,  has  helped  most 
signally  to  elevate  the  tone  of  Catholic  literature,  and  to 
command  the  respect  of  all  classes  for  the  faith  of  which 
they    have    been    such   zealous    and   enlightened   exponents. 


CUURCII  OF  ST.  PAUL  THE  APOSTLE. 

REV.    ISAAC    T.    IIECKER,    C.S.P., 

PASTOR   OF   THE   CHURCH   OF   ST.  PAUL  THE  APOSTLE. 


AMONG  the  remarkable  and  representative  Catholic 
clergymen  of  New  York  City  will  ever  be  num- 
bered the  Rev.  Isaac  T.  Hecker,  who  has  endowed  the 
Chui'cli  in  the  United  States  with  a  new  congregation  of 
Missionary  Priests,  sanctioned  by  the  Archbishop  of  New 
York  with  the  permission  of  the  Holy  See,  and  with  a 
rule  esjjecially  adapted  to  the  work  befoi'e  the  Chui-ch  in 
this    country. 

Few  of  the  clergy  in  this  country  are  so  thoroughly 
conscious  of  the  tone  and  tendency  of  American  thought, 
of  the  aspirations  and  aims  of  the  active  American  mind, 
have  built  greater  hopes  on  all  that  is  true  and  noble 
in  it,  or  labored  more  earnestly  to  dispel  the  mists  of 
error   that   encircle    it   and.  lead   it   to    the    truth. 

He  is  a  native  of  New  York  City,  born  here  in 
1819.  His  education  was  received  in  the  schools  of  his 
da}'  to  fit  him  for  the  mercantile  life  in  which  his 
brothers  had  embarked,  and  were  acquiring  wealth  and 
esteem  by  the  perfection  of  their  flour  mills,  and  the 
high  business  character  they  established.  But  it  was 
soon  evident  that  a  life  of  study  rather  than  a  mercan- 
tile life  was  congenial  to  Isaac.     In  the  summer  of   1843, 


580  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

led,  as  many  American  tliinlcers  were,  to  embrace  the 
new  social  ideas  promulgated  in  France,  he  joined  the 
Association  for  Agricnltm-e  and  Education  at  Brook  Farm, 
West  Roxbury,  Mass.,  and  at  a  later  date  took  part  in 
a   similar   organization    at   Worcester,    Mass. 

His  mind  was  too  clear  not  to  perceive,  in  a  very 
brief  trial,  that  these  systems  furnished  only  husks  for 
the  cravings  of  the  human  mind,  and  gave  it  no  sub- 
stantial aliment.  On  his  return  to  New  York,  his  exam- 
ination of  Catholic  doctrines  and  principles  led  him  to 
accept  them,  and  in  1845  he  was  received  into  the  Church. 

He  was  by  nature  one  to  diffuse  his  ideas,  and  to 
influence  others.  The  ministry  seemed  natui'ally  his  place. 
The  congregation  of  Missionary  Priests  of  the  Most  Holy 
Redeemer,  founded  by  St.  Alphonsus  Liguori,  as  he  beheld 
it  here,  seemed  to  him  one  to  which  he  was  called.  He 
went  to  Europe,  was  received  as  a  novice  at  St.  Trond, 
in  Belgium,  in  1847.  After  passing  his  novitiate  and  a 
course  of  theological  study,  he  was  sent  by  his  superiors 
to  England,  where,  in  1849,  he  was  raised  to  the  priest- 
hood by  the  late  Cardinal  Wiseman.  Two  years  were 
then  spent  in  missionary  duty  in  England,  but  in  1851 
he  returned  to  this  country  with  several  other  American 
members  of  the  congregation,  and  took  his  place  among 
the  Redemptorist  Fathers  laboring  in  the  United  States, 
but  hitherto  almost  exclusively  among  the  German  element. 
For  seven   years  Father  Hecker  was  a  zealous  missionary, 


CHURCn  OF  ST.  PAUL  THE  APOSTLE.  581 

employed  in  various  parts  of  tlie  country  among  the  En- 
glish-speaking Catholics.  But  certain  obstacles  in  the  way 
of  these  English  missions  made  him  anxious  to  secure 
the    means    of  prosecuting   them    more    effectually. 

With  this  view,  Father  Hecker,  in  1857,  visited  Rome, 
and  at  length,  his  case  was  laid  before  the  Holy  Father 
himself  for  his  si;preme  adjudication.  The  result  was  that 
the  connection  of  Father  Hecker  and  his  companions  with 
the  congregation  of  the  Most  Holy  Redeemer  ceased,  and 
they  formed  a  new  missionary  society,  under  the  name 
of  the  Congregation  of  St.  Paul  the  Apostle.  Establishing 
themselves  in  New  York,  with  the  approval  ;ind  cnconr- 
agement  of  the  Most  Reverend  Archbishop  Hughes,  they 
conmienced  a  church  and  convent  at  the  cornev  of  Ninth 
Avenue  and  Fifty -ninth  Street.  Besides  the  care  of  the 
congregation  which  at  once  filled  their  temporary  church, 
the  Fathers  of  the  new  conffreijation  Ijeu^an  to  "•ive 
missions  in  churches  throughout  the  countr}',  producing 
great   good. 

Father  Hecker,  in  1855,  issued  a  work  entitled 
"  Questions  of  the  Soul,"  followed  two  years  later  by  the 
"  Aspirations  of  Natm'e,"  both  a.da})ted  to  the  vast  num- 
ber of  Americans  -who  have  cut  themselves  loose  from  all 
the  systems  engendered  by  the  Protestant  Reformation 
and  reached  the  plane  of  naturalism.  In  Rome  he  pub- 
lished two  essays  on  Catholicity  in  the  United  States, 
which   were    translated  into    several    languages. 


582  CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

The  need  of  a  Catholic  periodical  of  high  character, 
taking  a  position  between  the  review  and  the  popular 
magazine,  led  to  the  establishment  of  the  Catholic  World, 
which  has  so  met  the  wants  of  the  whole  body  of  the 
faithful  that  it  has  reached  its  twenty-seventh  volume, 
and  done  immense  service  in  elevating  the  thought,  culture, 
and  literary   taste    of  the    community. 

The  establislunent  of  a  Catholic  Publication  Society 
was  another  work  of  Father  Hecker's.  The  issue  of 
tracts  and  treatises  in  a  cheap  form  was  one  of  its  main 
objects,  but  though  this  system  seems  to  never  become 
popular  among  Catholics,  the  society  has  been  the  medium 
of  issuing   many    valuable  Avorks. 

In  the  ecclesiastical  aflPairs  of  the  country,  Father 
Hecker  has  appeared  prominently.  He  attended  the  Sec- 
ond Plenary  Council  of  Baltimore  as  Superior  of  the 
Missionary  Priests  of  St.  Paul  the  Apostle,  and  was  made 
Vicegerens  of  the  Second  Congregation  on  the  Hierarchy 
and  Government  of  the  Church,  and  the  Education  and 
Pious  Training  of  Youth.  He  delivered  a  sermon  before 
the  Fathers  of  the  Council  on  the  Future  Triumphs  of 
the    Chvirch. 

He  subsequently  took  part  in  the  Third  Diocesan 
Synod  of  New  York,    held   in   September,    1868. 

He  was  at  Rome  dm-ing  the  sessions  of  the  Vatican 
Council,  and  caused  to  be  written  for  the  Catholic  World 
a   series  of  excellent  papers    on  its   proceedings. 


CnURCII  OF  ST.  PAUL  THE 

APOSTLE.                 583 

Within    the 

last    few   years    his 

health    has    been   se- 

riously   affected. 

He    went    to   Europe   to   obtain   advice,                        1 

but   he    lias    not 

entirely   recovered, 

and     his    comparative 

retirement  from 

liis  useful  and  pious  ( 

jareer  is  a   subject  of 

general   regret. 

His   frank,  clear,  in 

onounced,    and   sound 

views    are    missed   alike  in    the  councils    of   his    Eminence, 

in    the    pulpit,   and   in  the  field  of  Catholic  literature  ;    but 

we    trust   only  for   a   brief  time. 

\ 

Roll   of  H 

ONOR. 

Arrieta,  Perquillo. 

Cassidy,  William. 

Devlin,  James. 

Behan,  John. 

Cleary,  William. 

Dolan,  Francis. 

Black,  Thomas. 

Connolly,  Alice,  Mrs. 

Donohue,  Margaret,  Mrs. 

Braden,  John. 

Connolly,  Kate. 

Donohue,  Michael. 

Brennan,  Thomas. 

Connor,  William. 

Dowling,  Thomas  A. 

Brown,  Joanna. 

Conway,  Rose,  Mrs. 

Down,  Frederick  J. 

Browne,  WilUam. 

Corblis,  John. 

Doyle,  Mary. 

Buckley,  Martin. 

Cosgrove,  James  C. 

Ducey,  John,  Mrs. 

Butler,  M.,  Mrs. 

Curley,  Edward  J. 

Duffy,  Bernard  C. 

Byrnes,  Matthew. 

Curnen,  Annie  T. 

Duffy,  Frank. 

Byrnes,  Patrick  J. 

Curtin,  John. 

Dwyer,  John. 

Callaghan,  Patrick. 

Cosgrove,  James  C. 

Eagan,  Edward. 

Carey,  Francis. 

Daly,  Eliza,  Mrs. 

Eagen,  Patrick. 

Carolin,  James. 

Daly,  Joanna,  Mrs. 

Fariey,  Kate,  Mrs. 

Carroll,  James. 

Danvers,  Robert  E. 

Farrell,  Mary. 

Carroll,  John. 

Daskam,  Eliza  Sisk. 

Farrell,  Michael. 

Carroll,  Mary. 

Delany,  Andrew. 

Feeley,  Michael  M. 

Casey,  Patrick. 

Dempsey,  Thomas. 

Field,  William  H. 

Cassidy,  James. 

Devine,  Matthew  J. 

Finnan,  Francis. 

584 


CATHOLIC  CHURCHES  OF  NEW  YORK. 


Furey,  John. 
Gallagher,  Michael. 
Golding,  Patrick. 
Goodwin,  John  J. 
Gordon,  Edward. 
Gordon,  Edward  P. 
Gormley,  Patrick. 
Grant,  John. 
Guion,  William  H. 
Harlin,  John. 
Harold,  John. 
Hassell,  Samuel. 
Healy,  John  W. 
Hecker,  George  V. 
Heimbuch,  Rosina. 
Henry,  John. 
Hicks,  Michael. 
Hogan,  Ellen. 
Horgan,  J.  J. 
Hughes,  George  W. 
Jetter  &  Dux. 
Kane,  Alice,  Mrs. 
Kane,  Cornelius  J. 
Kearney,  Peter. 
Kearney,  William,  Mrs. 
Kearns,  T.  J. 
Kelly,  Charles. 
Kelly,  Frank  A. 
Kennedy,  John. 
Kitson,  Henry,  Mrs. 
Leonard,  Terence. 
Lynch,  Edward. 
Lyons,  Edmond. 
McArdle,  Henry. 
McAuley,  Margaret,  Mrs. 
McAvoy,  James  E. 
McCarthy,  John. 


McCue,  John. 
McDermott,  Michael. 
McDonnell,  Patrick. 
McGowan,  Michael. 
McKenna,  Michael  J. 
McKenney,  Thomas. 
McKeon,  John. 
McMaster,  James  A. 
McNeirny.James  L.,  Mrs. 
Mackey,  John. 
Maginn,  P.  F. 
Malone,  Andrew. 
Martin,  Francis. 
Martin,  Thomas. 
Masterson,  John  H. 
Masterson,  Mary,  Mrs. 
Mathews,  Arthur. 
Milleman,  David. 
Mesigh,  Catharine,  Mrs. 
Monks,  John. 
Moore,  James. 
Morgan,  John. 
Morgan,  P.,  Mrs. 
Morrissey,  Lawrence. 
Muldoon,  Silvester. 
Mulligan,  Patrick  J. 
Murphy,  James. 
Murphy,  John. 
Murray,  James  B. 
Murray,  Patrick. 
Noonan,  Alice,  Mrs. 
O'Brien,  Francis. 
O'Brien,  Thomas. 
O'Callahan,  Thomas. 
O'Farrell,  Catharine,  Mrs. 
O'Hara,  James. 
O'Neil,  Charles. 


O'Reilly,  Patrick. 
Phelan,  Mary  Ann. 
Power,  Maurice  W. 
Pryor,  James. 
Raborg,  Samuel  A. 
Redmond,  David. 
Richardson,  John  W. 
Riley,  Thomas. 
Robinson,  George  B. 
Rogan,  James  H. 
Rogers,  Hugh  J. 
Russell,  Michael. 
Ryan,  James. 
Ryan,  Joseph  P. 
Savage,  Sarah  A. 
Scanlan,  Honorah. 
Scanlan,  M. 
Shannon,  John. 
Shannon,  Thomas. 
McNamara,  Michael  J. 
Skelly,  William. 
Slattery,  James. 
Smith,  Michael. 
Spaulding,  Ellen,  Mrs. 
Spencer,  John  Campbell. 
Sprague,  Henry  E. 
Stafford,  Maurice. 
Tallon,  James  and  Susan. 
Taylor,  George  H. 
Temperly,  John. 
Thornton,  Rachel,  Mrs. 
Travers,  Frank. 
Travers,  Vincent  P. 
Vought,  AVilliam  H. 
Winston,  J. 
Wagner,  Harrison. 
Whitty,  Robert. 


ClIllUCII     OF     SAINT     PETER. 

BARCLAY   STREET. 


CHURCH    OF   SAINT    PETER. 

BARCLAY   STREET. 


ON  the  23d  of  November,  1783,  the  City  of  New 
York  was  evacuated  by  the  last  Enghsh  army, 
and  it  was  able  to  enjoy  the  freedom  purchased  by  seven 
years  of  war  and  sacrifices.  It  was  by  no  means  a 
large  town.  MuiTay  Street  was  its  northern  limit,  and 
the  ruins  of  many  public  and  private  buildings  destroyed 
in  the  great  fii'e  of  1776  still  disfigured  the  place.  For 
its  twenty  thousand  people  there  were  nine  churches  fit 
for  use ;  but  of  these  nine,  the  few  Catholics  could  not 
claim  one.  Yet  they  were  free :  the  victorious  army 
had  its  Catholic  officers  and  soldiers ;  Catholic  ministers 
of  foreign  countries,  following  the  lead  of  La  Luzerne, 
the  envoy  of  France,  entered  the  city.  In  the  follow- 
ing year  the  Continental  Congress,  which  included  some 
Catholic  members,  held  its  sessions  in  New  York ;  and 
after  the  adoption  of  the  Constitution  the  new  Congress 
met  here  till  1790,  and  dtu"ing  that  period  it  was  the 
residence  of  the  President  and  of  all  the  foreign  min- 
isters. 

No    sooner  was    the    island    free  from   the    Britisli   than 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  PETER.  587 

Father  Farmer  made  liis  way  into  New  York,  extending 
liis  mission  tour  as  far  as  Peekskill,  in  December,  1783. 
The  Catholics  in  the  city  endeavored  to  seciu'e  a  suit- 
able hall  for  a  chapel,  but  this  proved  impracticable ; 
the  authorities  would  not  grant  a  room  in  the  Exchange, 
when  requested  by  the  French  Consul  in  1785,  and  there 
was  no  hall  to  be  hired.  So  Father  Farmer  said  mass 
for  his  flock  where  he  could :  now  in  a  house  in  Water 
Street;  in  a  carpenter's  shop  in  Barclay  Street — the  old 
Italian  gentleman,  Mr.  Trapani,  we  knew  in  our  youth, 
who  heard  mass  there,  is  still  vivid  in  om*  recollection ; — 
in  the  house  in  Vauxhall  Gardens,  near  Wan-en  Street ; 
wherever,  in  fact,  they  could  get  or  hire  accommoda- 
tion for  the  moment.  In  1785,  the  room  they  occupied 
was,  an  Italian  traveler  tells  us,  far  from  becoming  the 
noblest  worship  ever  offered  by  man  to  his  Creator;  but 
the  papers  of  the  day  tell  us  that  they  met  at  times 
that  year  in  the  house  of  Don  Diego  de  Gardoqui,  on 
Broadway,  near  Bowling  Green — the  truly  Catholic  am- 
bassador   of  the    Catholic   king. 

The  faithful  in  the  city,  long  deprived  of  all  the 
influence  of  the  Church,  were  deeply  imbued  with  many 
of  the  prevailing  Protestant  ideas,  and  adopted  their  sys- 
tem of  church  organization.  The  little  Catholic  commu- 
nity, without  priest  or  altar,  organized  as  a  congrega- 
tion, and,  without  consulting  or  recognizing  ecclesiastical 
authority,    on    the     11th    of    June,    1785,    incorj)orated     St. 


588  CATHOLIC  CHUROnES  OF  NEW  YORK. 

Peter's  Church,  under  a  general  act  passed  by  the  State 
Legislature,  April  6,  1784.  St.  John  de  Crevecoeur, 
Consul  General  of  France ;  Jose  Roiz  Silva,  John  Stew- 
art, and  Henry  Duffin,  Avere  named  as  the  first  trustees. 
An  Irish  Capuchin  Father,  the  Rev.  Charles  Whelan, 
who  had,  as  a  chaplain  in  De  Grasse's  fleet,  seen  the 
overthrow  of  Cornwallis,  and  subsequently  been  taken 
prisoner,  came  to  New  York  in  1784,  Avith  letters  from 
Lafayette,  and,  doubtless,  from  his  admiral.  The  Rev. 
John  Carroll,  then  Prefect  Apostolic  of  the  Catholics  in 
the  United  States,  after  some  hesitation,  gave  him  facul- 
ties. The  venerable  Father  Farmer,  soon  to  close  his  own 
career  of  mission  labor,  was  among  the  congregation  he 
had  collected  in  New  York,  in  November,  1784,  and  in 
April,  1785,  and  continued  a  supervision  over  the  flock 
till  his  deatli.  The  first  pastor  of  the  Catholic  body  in 
New  York  was  a  priest  of  blameless  life,  fitted  by  edu- 
cation for  liis  position,  Avith  no  little  dry  wit ;  l)ut  he 
was  not  an  eloquent  preacher,  and  his  long  residence  in 
France  had  made  the  language  of  that  country  more 
ready  to  him  than  his  own.  Unfortunately,  though  he 
could  find  only  tAventy  communicants,  he  found  many 
noisy  people  who  wished  a  thundering  preacher  rather 
than  a  good  confessor.  In  fact,  most  of  them,  from  Avant 
of  opportunity  to  '  practice  their  religion,  Avere  in  the 
greatest  ignorance  of  their  faith  and  obligations.  During 
his  brief  pastoral   charge,   the   trustees  of  St.    Peter's,   after 


CHURCH  OF  ST.  PETER.  589 

sevenil  inelicctual  attempts  elsewhere,  purchased  of  Trin- 
ity Chm-ch,  in  the  winter  of  1785,  a  plot  of  ground  on 
the  corner  of  Barclay  and  Church  Streets,  mainly,  it 
would  seem,  under  the  advice  of  Mr.  Silva.  Don  Diego 
de  Gardoqui,  the  Sj^anish  minister,  was  the  greatest  sup- 
port of  this  attempt.  He  interested  his  royal  master, 
who  allotted  a  considerable  sum  to  aid  in  erecting  New 
York's  first  Catholic  chm-ch;  and  when  the  ground  was 
prepared  for  the  laying  of  the  corner-stone,  that  ceremony 
was  performed  by  the  Spanish  minister,  no  mention  being 
made  of  the  presence  of  a  clergyman  or  the  ceremo- 
nial prescribed  b}^  the  Roman  ritual.  The  event  took 
place  on  the  4th  of  November,  1785,  the  feast  of  St. 
Charles  Borromeo,  patron  of  Charles  IV.,  King  of  Spain, 
and  on  that